The Sutton Hoo

Document Sample
The Sutton Hoo Powered By Docstoc
					The Anglo Saxons
The Anglo Saxon Period
440 AD-1066 AD
   Britons: Celtic people, original inhabitants
    of Britain
   449 AD: the first people from North
    German plain settled in Kent
       Jutes: from Jutland in Denmark
       Angles and Saxons followed
       Britons were no match
            King Arthur, Whales
       Brought Old English
       A/S England – military society born in warfare
   1066 AD: Norman Invasion ends A/S
Anglo Saxon Civilization
   Admired men of courage
   Loyalty to leader and tribe
   Person of rank received with courtesy
   Ruler was generous to followers
   Believers in an impersonal fate
   Highly developed feeling for beauty
   Aware of short life span: ubi sunt
Anglo Saxon People
   Brain capacity same as our own
   Practical and self-contained
       Not given to excessive self-analysis
   Skillful with hands – knew how to
    make and mend
   Knew how to entertain themselves
   Only a small minority could read
   Learned by observing and imitating
   Folklore and family history

   Christianity came to Britain in AD
   St. Augustine – 597 AD
       First archbishop of Canterbury
   Beowulf
       Christian characteristics
            written down by monks in 10th or 11th
          Homeric, or Herioc, Age -
          Mycenaean- 1400 B.C. M
          Celts 500BC-43BC
          Romans 43BC-c.450AD
          Anglo Saxons 449AD
          St Augustine 597 AD
          Vikings 789AD
          Normans 1066
          100 Years War 1337-1450s
          Renaissance 1476-1650
          Industrial Revolution 1760-1800s
          1900s - Present Day
   First English literary masterpiece
   Beowulf was probably composed between 700 A.D.
    and 900 A.D
   The place of its composition was probably
   Northumbria was home to Roman Catholic monks
    who excelled in learning and literature
      The most famous was the Venerable Bede (672-
      "A.D." (abbreviation for the Latin Anno Domini,
        meaning in the year of the Lord)
   First transmitted orally for one to three centuries
   Although its author did not write it down, two
    English scribes did so in about 1000 A.D
   Dark Ages, between 500 and 700 A.D
   Danish kingdom ruled by Hrothgar, situated on the
    island of Zealand (site of present-day Copenhagen,
   A mead hall was a communal gathering place for
    feasting and drinking mead
      an alcoholic beverage made of water and
        fermented honey
      Mead was a popular drink in Denmark and other
        Scandinavian countries during the Middle Ages
        because grapes, a crop that thrives in warmer
        southern climates, were not readily available to
        make wine.)
   The scene of action then shifts 50 years later to the
    land of the Geats in Sweden
Important Terms

   Scop: Old English term for poet
   Heroic Ideal: A/S culture governed
    by ideals of bravery, loyalty and
   Comitatus: loyalty to king and king
    to men
   Wyrd: Old English for fate
   Wergild: “manprice”
Literary Devices
   Compounding: the combining of two words to
    make a new word
      "life-sick" (feorh =life, seoc = sick), which
       can be translated as mortally wounded
      "Spear-Danes“ (gar = spear, Dena = Danes)

      meet the needs of the alliterative meter, as
       part of a formula, or to make a new word
   Kennings: Kennings are a special form of
    compounding that are metaphoric in meaning.
      "bone-house," refers to the humanbody
      "whale's road," refers to the sea

      "sky's candle," refers to the sun.
More Devices
   Variation: the restatement of a concept or
    term using different words
      “Beowulf spoke, the son of Higlac” - here
       the second half of the line provides a
       second identifier for Beowulf
      not used as filler

      reminds the audience of important facts

      also allows the poet to present an event,
       or image from multiple perspectives,
       each providing additional information or
       shedding new light on the events
More Devices
   Formulas: Beowulf makes use of stock phrases,
    known as formulas
      ready-made phrases which fulfill the metrical
        needs of a line or half-line
      standard tool of an oral poet

      lofty and highly traditional character
   Litotes: an ironic understatement where an
    affirmative is expressed by negating its
      “not bad” = good
      "That [sword] was not useless / to the
        warrior now." = "The warrior has a use for
        the sword now."
More Devices
   Alliteration: two or more words
    having the same initial sound
   Caesura: a pause in a line of poetry
       accentual verse, with four stresses per
       Example:

“chosen champions cheerlessly grieved
for the loss of their lord, leader and defender.
They called him of captains, kings of the known world,”
More Devices
   Metonymy: one thing is used to
    designate something with which it is
    commonly associated
       Ex. Bottle instead of liquor
   Synecdoche: a part of something is
    used to designate a whole
       Ex. Keel instead of ship
   Good vs. evil
       Not moral but about fate and
       Good will fight knowing that eventually
        they will be defeated
   Identity
       Boasting = resume
   Strength and skill
       Highly valued even in enemies
       Skill slightly devious
More Themes
   Wealth
       Glory and treasure - immortality
   Religion
       Christianity vs. paganism
       Wyrd and providence
   Violence
       Loyalty, vengeance and feud
   Courage
       Fortitude and wisdom
More themes
   Mortality
       Ubi Sunt
   Supernatural
       Monsters
   Tradition and customs
       Comitatus
       Wyrgild
       boasting
1.   Question: ask a significant question about the text and
     include an attempted answer (not one word and you
     can get help from me)
2.   Characterization: indirect or direct? What does it tell
     us about character
3.   Significant/favorite lines: favorite lines – explain
     why, reflect with personal opinions and experiences;
     significant lines – reflect on universal themes
4.   Connections: relate something that is similar or
     different than the Odyssey. What does this tell us about
     the two cultures?
5.   Unknown vocabulary word: include quote with word,
     definition and explain what it means in the context of
     the novel
6.    Setting allusions: explain specific time period/place/
      cultural detail – you may need to look up information to
      explain – why is this significant in relation to the plot?
7.    Symbols: explain what the symbol represents and why
      it is important to the major concepts in the novel
8.    Themes/motifs/concepts: explain theme/motif and
      how the lines relate to it in detail
9.    Literary devices/imagery: list device, explain how it
      is present, and why it is effective in the context in
10.   Tone/mood: explain how author’s attitude is
      expressed, or how the author creates a feeling; ex.
      through diction, setting, plot events, etc.
Annotations: Format and

   You must turn in 15 annotations per
    due date
       That’s one per annotation type
       Plus 2 in these categories: theme,
        literary device, setting allusions,
       then pick one of the above categories
        for the 5th (that means you will have
        three of one of those categories)
Annotations Guidelines

   Each annotation must be in ink, and
    must be in this format:
    Annotations: Points and due dates
   Annotations will each be worth 5 points each =
    75 possible points
       2 points for quote/text paraphrase
       3 points for explanation/significance
   You will earn 10 points each time you make a
    relevant comment during the oral quiz
       you can get an additional 5 points if you impress me
        with a direct quote that is correctly used
       You will not be allowed to use your annotations on quiz
        so study
       You will be allowed to use your book
   The oral quiz dates are: Tuesday, October 11 th
    and Monday, October 17th

Shared By: