PANDEMIC

Document Sample
PANDEMIC Powered By Docstoc
					           PANDEMIC
What it is, How it happens, Characteristics,
   Impact and Reduction of Impacts,
           Probability and Timing
                  PLUS
 10 Things to Know about Pandemic Flu
                  PLUS
           Futuristic Medicine
                  PLUS
      Challenges and Preparation
                 Introduction
   Broad consensus that a flu pandemic
    WILL occur.
    – Flu viruses mutate
    – Bird flu, SWINE flu variations could
     develop a strain that passes easily to people.
    – That NEW strain would cause the
      pandemic….not the birds or the pigs
    – New strain….NO IMMUNITY
      Conditions for a Pandemic
According to the WHO:
  1. A highly contagious flu virus
  2. A lack of human immunity to
      the virus
  3. An emergence of a HUMAN strain
     of the new virus that is easy to transmit
     among people


Influenza A (Bird Flu) has 2 of the above, but not the 3rd
                 Bird Flu
 1. Causes major disease in birds
 2. Has occasionally infected humans
 3. It could develop a human strain of the
     flu

If this happens, it probably
cannot be contained or
eradicated
         High Risk Characteristics
   ATTACKS PEOPLE …. NOT PROPERTY
    People removed from normal roles
       illness
       caring for ill
       caring for children during school closings
       avoiding exposure

    Employee absenteeism
    could cause supply and
    economic problems
         High Risk Characteristics
   Preparations focus: Protecting PEOPLE!
       Reduce person to person contact
       Encourage hand washing
       Provide sanitizer/germicidal
       Provide protective equipment
       (gloves, respirators)
       Provide antiviral drugs
       Provide vaccines when available
       High Risk Characteristics
   WIDESPREAD ILLNESS
    Rapid surge in # of cases
    Unpredictable….30%????get sick

   SEVERE DISEASE IN GROUPS
    NORMALLY NOT SUSCEPTIBLE
    Young adults
       High Risk Characteristics
   LARGE NUMBER OF DEATHS


   GLOBAL: SPREAD RAPIDLY
      Every part of the world due to mobility

   LAST A LONG TIME
      1-2 years
    High Risk Characteristics
 MULTIPLE WAVES OF OUTBREAK
    2 or more waves lasting weeks
 OVERWHELMING IMPACT
    Stress health care capacity
    which is already limited
       High Risk Characteristics
   LIMITED OUTSIDE HELP
      No “outside” help available….
      crisis is everywhere!

           MUCH WILL DEPEND ON
      INDIVIDUALS, COMMUNITIES, &
     BUSINESSES TO MAKE THEIR OWN
             PREPARATIONS
     Direct and Indirect Impacts

   The direct impact of widespread sickness

   The indirect impacts from so many people
    sick at once and changes in our activities
    in order to avoid sickness
     Direct and Indirect Impacts
   Direct Sickness Related Impact
    – Flu is very infectious
    – Many people will require medical care
    – Many people will need to administer
      care including within households


   Indirect Impacts
    – Ripple effects
        Many people displaced from normal roles for long periods
        Interruptions and failures as systems due to inadequate
         pandemic preparation
                 Indirect Impacts
   High employee absenteeism
    – May cause disruptions in service, logistics and
      transportation services. Resulting in shortages of
      supplies


   Social Distancing
    –   Reduce person-to-person contacts
    –   Encouraged or imposed
    –   May include school and day care closings
    –   Cancellation of public gatherings and events
        Reducing the Impacts
Goal # 1: Reduce illness
     Don’t get sick, stay home if sick
     Segregate work force
     Consider telecommuting

Goal #2: Delay illness: Slow the spread
         Cases are spread longer time
         Reduces strain on healthcare workers
         Buys time for vaccine development
          Reducing the Impacts
Goal #3: Be prepared to….
           Treat the sick
           Cope with changes on daily
           activities

How well we are prepared helps us cope better

Needs will be more than gov’t can handle

Individual preparation is important
             Reducing the Impacts
                 Be Prepared
      Pharmaceutical             Non Pharmaceutical
       Preparedness                  Preparedness

 No cure                     Germ barriers such as
 Get regular vaccines for
                               social distancing,
  flu                          protective equipment
                              Germ killers such as
 Antivirals such as
                               sanitizer, handwashing,
  Tamiflu & Relenza            germicidal cleaning
  can reduce length and        agents, ultraviote air
  severity                     sanitizers
                              Stockpiling household
                               supplies
           Reducing the Impacts
               Be Prepared
              Non Pharmaceutical Ways
                        Logistics
1.   Businesses treat pandemic as serious…a
     catastrophic event
2.   Identify essential jobs and cross train for
     coverage
3.   During pandemic, scale back-discontinue non-
     critical functions
4.   Protect employees from infection
5.   Plan ahead with suppliers to reduce shortages
           Reducing the Impacts
               Be Prepared
               Non Pharmaceutical Ways
                         Logistics
 Plan ahead w/transportation companies
 Plan for changes in demand for your product during a
  pandemic
 Expand on-line/self service options
 Review human resources policies
 Review legal results of pandemic preparedness
 Review insurance issues
 Develop communication plan to ALL people
  before, during and after the even
 START NOW!
         Possibility and Timing
   Pandemic is Low probability, high impact

   Pandemic not a question of IF, but WHEN

   Price of unpreparedness is high
10 Things You Need to Know about
       Pandemic Influenza
1.    Pandemic flu is different from avian flu
2.    Pandemics are recurring events
3.    The world may be on the bring of another pandemic
4.    All countries will be affected
5.    Widespread illness will occur
6.    Medical supplies will e inadequate
7.    Large number of deaths will occur
8.    Economic and social disruption will be great
9.    Every country must be prepared
10.   W.H.O. will alert the world when the pandemic threat
      increases
How to Survive a Pandemic
1. Stay home if you are sick
2. Quarantine yourself voluntarily and get antiviral
   medications if the health department are giving them
   out
3. Encourage others to stay home if they are feeling sick
   and if they have sick family members at home
4. Practice social distancing at work. Encourage work
   policies that encourage people to stay home if they
   have family members sick. Consider telecommuting or
   working in shifts
5. Practice social distancing at home. Take kids out of
   school or daycares.
6. Avoid public gatherings and cancel
   public meetings and events
7. Pay attention to local and national authorities
   instructions in order to reduce infections and maintain
   order.
         Possible Medical Solutions
  Nano scans that go through blood stream
  and detect virus and shoots it with an
  antiviral
 Teleconference with medical center from
  home
 Design computer simulation for individuals
  to know how to treat themselves.
 Portable ventilators available at CVS
         Possible Medical Solutions
 Smart clothes that prevent colds and flu
 Develop vaccines for birds and pigs
 E-nose- detect the onset of pneumonia
  and forms of viruses by smell
     Challenges and Preparation
   Essential Services May Be Disrupted
    – Could include hospitals, doctors offices, banks,
      restaurants, government offices, telephone and cell
      phone and post offices
    – Stores may close or have limited supplies
    – Public transportation may be disrupted
    – Public gatherings such as volunteer meetings,
      worship may be cancelled
    – Car travel may be limited if there are fuel shortages
    – Banks and ATMS might be shut down…keep cash and
      travelers checks in small denominations
    – Communication may be limited if separated from
      family plan a place to meet
 Food and Water Supplies May be
     Interrupted and Limited
FOOD:
 Have 2 weeks supply of non perishable
  food and water for emergencies
 Food: nonperishable, don’t require
  refrigeration, preparation or cooking
 Plan for infants and seniors nutritional
  needs
 Food and Water Supplies May be
     Interrupted and Limited
WATER:
 Store 2 weeks of water
 1 gallon per person per day
 Use containers that won’t
  decompose or break
   BEING ABLE TO WORK MAY BE
    DIFFICULT OR IMPOSSIBLE:
Ask how your employer how business will
  continue during a pandemic
Discuss staggered shifts or working at home,
  telecommuting possibilities and needs, accessing
  remote networks and using portable computers




Discuss flexible leave policies and how much you
  can take to care for yourself or family member
Plan for loss of income if you can’t work
     Schools and Daycares May be
                Closed
Talk to teachers, administrators and PTA
   about pandemic plan
Plan for children staying at home for
   extended periods of time
Plan home learning activities and
   exercises that your child can do at
   home. Have learning materials on
   hand
Talk to teachers about possible activities,
   lesson plans and exercises that can be
   done at home…courses by TV or
   Internet
Plan entertainment and recreational
   activities for home. Have activities for
   kids to do at home.
  Medical Care for People with
Chronic Illness Could be Disrupted
Continue taking medicines
Make sure to have medical
 supplies…glucose, blood pressure monitor
Make sure to have access to medications
Check with plans to continue dialysis,
 chemo, etc

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:1
posted:12/20/2011
language:
pages:29