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# POL2.04

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```									           PE-course
Project Organised Learning (POL)

2: P0-experience exchange

Master of Science – Introductory Semester
(E7 + M7 – Intro)

Lecturer:              Lars Peter Jensen
Ass. teacher:          Xiangyun Du

E7 + M7 Intro - E05              1
PE-course
Project Organised Learning (POL)
2: P0-experience exchange

Learning outcome:

After this lesson you should be able to
• Explain how reflection can be used as a tool
for learning,
• Formulate good advice for the coming P1-
project period,
• Describe what a process analysis is.
E7 + M7 Intro - E05        2
P0-experience exchange

Programme

8.15:    Lecture I: On reflection and learning
9.00:    P0-experience exchange i cross-
groups
10.45:   Poster presentation
11.30:   Lecture II: On the P0-
process analysis

E7 + M7 Intro - E05        3
Lecture I: On reflection and learning

1.   WHAT is reflection?
2.   WHY use reflection?
3.   HOW to reflect?
4.   Introduction to cross-group work

E7 + M7 Intro - E05        4
WHAT is reflection?

Examples of reflection:
A student is reflecting when:
• She notices that important information is missing in a
text, thinks about possible reasons for leaving out the
info and looks up the info in other places.
• She realises that the given math exercise is different
from the standard exercises in the book, identifies the
difference and knows what to do differently.
• He looks back at an overruled time plan, identifies the
time-consuming activities and makes allowances for
these kinds of activities in the next time schedule.

E7 + M7 Intro - E05            5
WHAT is reflection NOT?

Examples of lack of reflection:
A student is NOT reflecting when:
• He inserts numbers in a given formula and calculates a
result without understanding the context
• She re-formulates an explanation and passes it on
without having understood it herself
• He describes the time schedule for the P0-project
without noticing and commenting on the mismatch
between planned and realised time consumption.

E7 + M7 Intro - E05            6
WHAT is reflection?
Oxford English Dictionary
The action, on the part of surfaces, of throwing back
light or heat (rays, beams, etc.) falling upon them;
But also
• The action of turning (back) or fixing the thoughts on
some subject; meditation, deep or serious
consideration.

From the examples:
• Notice
• Look back at
• Identify
• Plan based on experience
E7 + M7 Intro - E05            7
WHY use reflection?
Engineers of today need methodological
competencies, such as:

Flexibility and capacity for change.

Such competencies are closely connected with ’lifelong
learning’ which can be achieved through awareness about
learning processes. Awareness about learning processes
can be achieved through reflection upon learning
processes.

E7 + M7 Intro - E05          8
HOW to reflect?
Make conscious observations by asking questions:

WHAT went well in P0? … and WHY did it go well?
WHAT went wrong in P0? and WHY did it go wrong?

The reflection is embedded in the WHY? questions

Reflection as a tool for development and improvement
of methodological competencies can be used in
connection with learning processes within all areas of
engineering but in the POL course we focus upon
learning processes in the area of project organised
group work.           E7 + M7 Intro - E05            9
Introduction to cross-group work

1. Start out with a round of presentation, giving name,
P0-project topic and supervisor
2. Do a series of rounds describing how your project
group organised the following: Project management,
team work, co-operation with your supervisor.
3. Do a series of rounds of analysing and assessing your
project process, taking your point of departure in the
questions:

WHAT went well in P0? … and WHY did it go well?
WHAT went wrong in P0? and WHY did it go wrong?

E7 + M7 Intro - E05           10
Introduction to cross-group work
(cont.)
4. From the answers to the above questions
generalise in the following format:
 What we will continue to do in P1
 What we will do differently and better in P1
 What we will not do again
students (and possibly also to your supervisors)
aimed at improving the project work process in P1
6. Write down the ’Good advice’ as a poster on flip-
chart paper. The poster you should put up for
presentation in room B2-109.

E7 + M7 Intro - E05         11
…and now the cross-group work!

At 10:45 the poster presentation
starts – please select one member
from each cross group to present

E7 + M7 Intro - E05     12
Lecture II: On P0-process analysis

1.   A little theory on reflection and learning.
2.   WHAT is a process analysis?
3.   WHY write a process analysis?
4.   HOW to write a process analysis?

E7 + M7 Intro - E05            13
Theory on reflection – Kolb’s learning cycle
Experience

Test
Reflection

Generalisation

The P0 project has given you some experience.
You analyse your experience through reflection.
By asking what and how to do better you generalise
in the form of ’Good Advice’ which can be tested in P1
and give you new experience.
E7 + M7 Intro - E05                14
WHAT is a process analysis?

• A process analysis is a description, an
analysis and an assessment of your project
work process.

• The P0-process analysis contains 3 topics:
– Project management
– Team work

E7 + M7 Intro - E05         15
WHY write a process analysis?

• In order to write the P0-process analysis
you have to reflect upon your learning
processes …
• Which takes us back to the reasoning conc.
the relationship between reflection and
lifelong learning etc.

E7 + M7 Intro - E05       16
HOW to write a process analysis?
The process is similar to what you have just been doing in
the cross groups, except that you now do it in your
project group.

1. Start by describing your expectations to the P0-project
2. Then describe your P0-project work process, incl.:
   Project management
   Team work

If you feel that other points have been important in your work
process as well, you should include them also ….

E7 + M7 Intro - E05                17
HOW to write a process analysis?
(cont.)
3. After description of the process you continue
with analysis and assessment by answering the
questions:

 WHAT went well in P0? … and WHY did it go well?
 WHAT went wrong in P0? and WHY did it go wrong?
 To which extent were our expectations fulfilled?

E7 + M7 Intro - E05           18
HOW to write a process analysis?
(cont.)
4. Fromthe answers to the above questions
generalise in the following format:
 What we will continue to do in P1
 What we will do differently and better in P1
 What we will not do again
5. Conclude the process analysis by giving ’Good
possibly also to your supervisors) aimed at
improving the project work process in P1.
and understanding about different ways of organising project
work.

E7 + M7 Intro - E05                 19
A few tricks conc. process analysis
 Describe before you analyse and assess.
 If disagreeing upon good/bad experiences, write the
different opinions rather than spending time on trying to
reach consensus.
 The ‘Good advice’ for P1 must be operational rather than
nice but vague intentions.

The process analysis should be no more than 5 A4-pages,
excl. attachments. Relevant attachments could be for
example: Time schedule, Collaboration agreement etc.
Please send a copy to me by e-mail: lpj@control.aau.dk

E7 + M7 Intro - E05           20
… and now: have an enjoyable time