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					                                                 Asbestos Disposal
                                                                                                August 2011
                                                                                                August 2011




                              Asbestos is a material that has been used in a wide variety of
                              building materials and friction products. Asbestos is inert and non-
                              reactive as long as it is undisturbed. However, if the material is
                              disturbed and the fibers become airborne, they can cause serious
                              lung and health problems.

                              It is impossible to identify asbestos-containing materials by sight. A
                              laboratory examination of the material using specialized
Solid Waste Program           microscopes is necessary to determine if asbestos fibers are present
                              within the material.
       Division of
                              Types of Asbestos-Containing Materials
  Environmental Health
                              Material that contains 1% or more of asbestos is termed Asbestos-
                              Containing Material (ACM). By definition, material that contains less
       Department             than 1% asbestos is not considered ACM. There are two types of
            of                ACM:
      Environmental                                                             Friable: Used to describe
      Conservation             • Regulated Asbestos-Containing Material         ACM that, when dry, can
                                 (RACM) includes any ACM that is friable, or    be crumbled, pulverized,
Anchorage Office:                is likely to become friable due to the         or reduced to powder by
555 Cordova St                   methods used for demolition, renovation,            hand pressure.
Anchorage, AK 99501              or disposal.
(907)269-7802
Fax (907) 269-7600            • Non-Regulated Asbestos-Containing Material (non-RACM) refers
                                to ACM that is non-friable. Non-RACM waste must be handled
Fairbanks Office:               carefully to prevent damage that could cause it to become friable.
610 University Ave
                                Non-RACM waste can become RACM waste if it is damaged so
Fairbanks, AK 99709
                                much so that asbestos fibers may be released.
(907) 451-2108
Fox (907) 451-2188            Removal of RACM and Non-RACM:
                              The removal of asbestos is regulated by the Environmental
Juneau Office:
                              Protection Agency (EPA) and Occupational Safety and Health
410 Willoughby Ave, Ste 303
                              Administration (OSHA) under federal regulations. Questions
Juneau, AK 99801
                              regarding the regulations and requirements applicable to a specific
(907) 465-5318 or
(907) 465-5353                project should be addressed to Anchorage office of the EPA at (907)
Fax (907) 465-5362            271-3688.

http://dec.alaska.gov/eh/sw
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                          The removal and disposal of RACM requires special equipment and detailed
                          training. It should only be conducted by certified asbestos abatement
                          professionals. Contact the Alaska Department of Labor, Mechanical
                          Inspection Section at (907) 269-4925 for more information about certified
                          contractors and asbestos abatement training.

                          Non-RACM waste must be removed carefully to prevent damage that would

Solid Waste Program
                          cause it to become friable. Sanding, grinding, crushing, or other processes
                          that could result in release of fibers must be avoided. If non-RACM is
                          pulverized or crushed, it must be handled as RACM.

Disposal of RACM Waste

RACM waste may only be disposed in a landfill permitted to accept this waste. However, each landfill
determines its own acceptance policy for these materials. The landfill operator may impose
restrictions such as special packaging requirements or limited hours for delivery of RACM, or may
choose not to accept the waste. Some cities or boroughs will not accept RACM waste generated
outside their boundaries. You will need to contact the landfill to determine what specific policies for
RACM waste disposal apply.

By state regulation, all RACM disposed in a landfill must be packaged in leak-tight containers or bags,
and labeled in accordance with federal regulations. A waste shipment record must be filled out for
each load and signed by both the transporter and the receiving party (landfill operator).

The landfill operator is required to inspect each load to verify that the RACM waste is properly
contained and labeled and that shipping records match the amounts delivered. Any discrepancies in
the records must be reported to the EPA. The landfill operator must also supervise the disposal of
each container and must cover the RACM bags or containers with six inches of soil or other non-RACM
by the end of the working day. The landfill operator is also required to keep detailed records of the
amounts, locations, and depth of all RACM disposed in the landfill.

Disposal of Non-RACM Waste

Non-RACM waste may be disposed in most permitted municipal solid waste landfills, inert waste
monofills, or asbestos monofills. However, each landfill determines their own acceptance policy for
these materials and not all of them will accept non-RACM waste. You will need to contact the landfill
prior to delivering non-RACM waste for disposal to confirm that the waste will be accepted.

Once deposited at the landfill, non-RACM requires special handling to ensure that it does not become
friable. The material may not be compacted or driven over by landfill equipment until it is covered by


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                            at least six inches of some other material. For this reason, many landfills
                            choose to dispose of non-RACM waste in separate areas.

                                               Summary of Handling Requirements



Solid Waste Program
                                                      Non-RACM Requirements:
                                        Generators Must:                         Landfills Must:

                                  • Handle carefully to prevent         • Handle carefully to prevent
                                    damage                                damage
                                  • Determine landfill non-RACM         • Ensure that non-RACM is not
                                    acceptance policy                     compacted or otherwise
                                  • Deliver to permitted landfill         damaged prior to covering
                                    that accepts non-RACM



                                              RACM Requirements
                  Generators Must:                                         Landfills Must:

  • Ensure removal is by certified asbestos             • Inspect each load to verify that RACM waste is
    abatement professionals only                          properly contained and labeled
  • Wet RACM to prevent fiber release                   • Ensure that shipping records match the amounts
  • Seal in leak-proof containers                         delivered, and report any discrepancies to EPA
  • Apply all required warning labels                   • Cover all RACM waste with six inches of soil or non-
  • Determine landfill RACM acceptance policy             RACM by the end of the working day
  • Fill out all required shipping records              • Track quantities, depths, and location of all RACM
  • Deliver to a landfill permitted for asbestos          waste
    disposal
  • Maintain all required records




                                          Asbestos Regulations
                Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, Part 61, Section 141 (40 CFR 61.141)
              Alaska Administrative Code, Title 18, Chapter 60, Section 450 (18 AAC 60.450)




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