final review answer key

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					2011 Final Exam Review Key
                                            2
a
d
b
d
c
c
d
d
b
b
c
d
b




                                           11
20. the "R" group
the cytoplasm and the rough ER
matches amino acids to the mRNA codons
insertion
at the beginning because it will change every codon in the gene
the order of the genes changes




                                           21
gamete
sperm
egg
fertilization
zygote
haploid
diploid




                   31
d
a
c
b
c
d
d
primary consumer
                                                          3
vacuole
mitochondria
nucleus
nucleolus
cytoplasm
chloroplast
cell membrane
cell wall
Golgi
ribosomes
rER
sER




                                                         12
AUG AAU UUU GGC GCA UAA
METH ASP PHE GLY ALA STOP
Substitution
radiation, chemicals
a disease that occurs when cells lose their ability to recognize the signals the regulate cell division
virus, mutagens, faulty genes
DNA that is produced by combining DNA from different sources
f-point
f-frame-shift
t
f-same




                                                         22
see pp 246-247 for mitosis
see pp 276-277 for meiosis
                                                      32
released as heat
all are biotic relations see notes for examples
reflected into space, absorbed by the earth used for photosynthesis
f-erosion
f-non-degradable
f-biocides
f-DDT
b
                   4
lysosomes
nuclear membrane
prokaryotes
eukaryotes
cilia
f-exocytosis
f-cell membrane
t
f-pinocytosis
f does
t
f-carbohydrates




                   13
deletion
duplication
inversion
translation




                   23
phenotype
heterozygous
allele
recessive
dominant
gene
genotype
homozygous
DNA
genetics
heredity




                                                33
h
i
n
r
x
when non-degradable compounds get absorbed and become more concentrated up the food chain
increase in skin cancers and eye problems plankton kills
CO bonds to the hemeglobin and prevente it from carrying O2 to the body
                                                       5
see textbook
actve requires energy, passive doesn't
osmosis and diff are both passive. Both can occur across SPM. Osmosis is specifically the diffusion of H2O across a SPM
t
f-stroma
t
t
f-6
f-glucose
f-endergonic
t
t
f-plants




                                                      14
telophase, prophase, interphase, anaphase, metaphase
check textbook for structures




                                                      24
1RR:2Rr:1rr 3 red : 1 white
9 Round yellow: 3 round green: 3 wrinkled yellow: 1 wrinkled green
                       0%
1 in 4 for each




                  34
d
g
b
a
e
c
g
b
e
g
f
f
g
g
f
d
b
              6
f-respiration
a
c
b
c
c
c
f-electromagnetic
f-wavelength
t
f-visible




             15
a
b
c
a
d
d
b




             25
1 AA: 1 AO: 1 AB: 1 BO 2A's: 1 AB: 1 B
1Cc:1cc 1 wavy:1 straight
         0%




    35
d
c
a
c
c
c
d
d
                                              7
f-red
f-violet
t
f-darker
t
photosynthesis
respiration
mitochondria
glucose and oxygen
CO2 + H2O + energy
glucose (pyruvic acid) + NADH
lactic acid and NAD+




                                              16
a
a
d
b
b
to grow, heal, and maintain our bodies
as a method of reproduction (binary fission)
so that each copy receives a complete set of DNA




                                              26
0% chance of CF 50% chance of albino
3 fire breathing/blue striped 1 non FB/Blue
Yes. If the woman's genotype is AO




                                     36
c
c
b
d
c
b
c
                                                8
compare definitions
the energy is stored in the covalent bond between the last two phosphates
adenosine triphosphate
b
compare definitions
compare definitions
adenosine triphosphate
d




                                               17
prophase
anaphase
metaphase
anaphase
telophase
telophase
interphase
metaphase
telophase
prophase
telophase
interphase
prophase
prophase




                                               27
cc and CC at the top, the rest you can figure out
                                         9
b
sugar, phosphate, base
the sequence of bases
a portion of a DNA molecule that codes for 1 polypeptide
DNA polymerase unzipps the DNA so that it can be copied
UGA/UAG/UAA
Glutamic Acid




                                        18
both
mitosis
meiosis
mitosis
mitosis
meiosis
both
meiosis
mitosis
meiosis
mitosis
meiosis
both
meiosis
both
both
meiosis
mitosis
                                                           2
                                                           4



                                        28
e
k
h
g
i
f
j
c
a
b
d
                                                      10
GUU/GUC/GUA/GUG
mRNA codes for proteins, tRNA matches codons with a.a.s, rRNA makes up ribosomes
tells the ribosome where to attach
RNA is single stranded, contains uracil, and the sugar ribose; DNA is double stranded, contains thymine, and the sugar deoxyr
AUG/CUG/GGG/ACC/CUC/UAA MET,LEU,GLY,THR,LEU,STOP
It zips back up
it moves out into the cytoplasm to be translated
read a strand of mRNA and make a protein




                                                      19
somatic (body)
gametes (sex)
to grow, repair, maintain
to make sex cells
to conserve the number of chromosomes in cells
homologous chromos pair up in Pro I
homologs line up together in meiosis
anaphase II
                                                                                                              10
                                                                                                              20
                                                                                                              46
                                                                                                              23




                                                      29
b
c
b
d
d
b
d
e, and the sugar deoxyribose




                20




                30
            d
            a
a
a
b
b

				
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