3.1 Match terms related to parenting skills
1. consistent - repeatedly acting the same way
2. diplomacy - using tact and skill when dealing with others
3. discipline - training that corrects, molds, and perfects ones
4. ethical - having a system of morals or values, to act in
accordance to this system
5. guidance - help in learning acceptable behavior.
6. moral behavior - to behave in ways that are acceptable to
society and family
7. negative reinforcement - a response that tends to
discourage a particular behavior from being repeated
8. nurturing - providing love, support, attention, and
9. permissive - a type of behavior allowing freedom, behavior
that is tolerant of practices disapproved of by others
10. positive reinforcement - a response that encourages a
11. potential - what a person is capable of becoming
12. punishment - a penalty inflicted on a child for a violation
13. responsibility - an obligation or duty for which a person is
14. rights - special privilege, benefit, or personal favor to which one is entitled
15. role - a way of acting to fulfill certain responsibilities in life, most often
taught by family members
16. role model - a person that someone admires and wishes to pattern his or
her behavior after
17. self concept - the mental picture people have of themselves; their opinion
18. self control - the ability to control one's actions
19. self destructive behavior - self-imposed activities that can cause physical,
mental, or emotional harm
20. self esteem - the sense of worth a person attaches to oneself
21. self respect - the ability to hold oneself in high esteem
22. values - ideas about right and wrong and what is important in your life
3.2 List rights (special privilege, benefit, or personal favor to which one is entitled)
of parents and children
What are the Human Rights of Children and Youth?
Human Rights are universal, and civil, political,
economic, social and cultural rights belong to all
human beings, including children and young
people. Children and youth also enjoy certain
human rights specifically linked to their status as
minors and to their need for special care and
The human rights of children and youth are
explicitly set out in the Convention on the Rights
of the Child, the most widely ratified human rights
treaty in history.
The human rights of children and youth include the
following indivisible, interdependent and
interrelated human rights:
to an adequate standard of living for a child's
intellectual, physical, moral, and spiritual
development, including adequate food, shelter and
to freedom from discrimination based on age,
gender, race, color, language, religion, nationality,
ethnicity, or any other status, or on the status of
the child's parents.
to the highest possible standard of health and to
access to health care.
to a healthy and safe environment.
to education -- to free and compulsory
elementary education, to readily available
forms of secondary and higher education,
and to freedom from all types of
discrimination at all levels of education.
to protection from neglect and all types
of physical or mental abuse
3.3 List responsibility (an obligation or duty for which a person is held accountable)
of parents and children
Support their children
Provide basic needs: food, clothing shelter
Provide medical care
Provide an education
Supervise and control behavior
Parents are responsible for a child’s accidental or
intentional injury of others, destruction of property,
stealing, truancy, curfew violations
Parents can control as they see fit as long as they
do not abuse or neglect the child or as him/her do
3.4 Describe parenting styles
values obedience as a virtue,
favors physical punishment
does not encourage self control
Permissive (a type of behavior allowing freedom, behavior that is tolerant of
practices disapproved of by others)
allows children almost complete freedom in regulating their own
children are self-centered
children are uncooperative
Allows freedom within limits
sets rules and explains
3.5 Explain traits and importance of parents as positive role model
(a person that someone admires and wishes to pattern his or her behavior after)
high self esteem (the sense of worth a person attaches to oneself)
positive self concept (the sense of worth a person attaches to oneself)
Child’s first teacher
Children imitate behavior
3.6 List ways parents can provide a nurturing (providing love, support, attention,
and encouragement) environment
show love and affection
encourage further development
self respect (the ability to hold oneself in high esteem)
practice diplomacy (using tact and skill when dealing with others)
be consistent (repeatedly acting the same way)
3.7 Describe guidance, discipline, and punishment
Guidance is help in learning acceptable
Discipline is training that corrects, molds,
and perfects ones actions.
Punishment is a penalty inflicted on a
child for a violation.
3.8 Designate guidance techniques for promoting positive behavior
negative reinforcement (a response that
tends to discourage a particular behavior
from being repeated)
positive reinforcement (a response that
encourages a particular behavior)
self control (the ability to control one's
3.9 Designate parenting strategies to strengthen values (ideas about right and
wrong and what is important in your life) and moral development
Make sure children are aware of appropriate
moral behavior (to behave in ways that are acceptable to society
Model behavior for the child.
Parents should be ethical (having a system of morals or
values, to act in accordance to this system).
3.10 Name roles parents play in children’s education
Children are greatly influenced by their parents’
attitude about education. Children model their
views after their parents.
Roles (a way of acting to fulfill certain responsibilities in life, most often taught by
Encourage and support the children without pushing
Interact with the children as they play and do school
Seize teachable moments and expand on the child’s
Encourage children to work to their full potential (what a
person is capable of becoming).
Help them adjust to school and its routine.
Provide a good environment to do schoolwork.
Parents should be involved in the school.
3.11 Name guidelines for establishing a strong family unit
1. Families must provide for the physical needs of
all family members.
food, clothing, shelter, health, safety
2. Families must meet the emotional needs of all
love, acceptance, support
3. Families should avoid self destructive behavior
(self-imposed activities that can cause physical, mental, or emotional harm)
drug and alcohol use and abuse
4. Families must provide guidance.
discipline, reasonable limits, consistency
5. Families must nurture (providing love, support, attention, and
encouragement) the growth of all family members.
mental, physical, emotional, social
3.12 Provide guidelines for promoting the health and safety of children
Provide healthy meals
Limit high sugar and high fat foods
Provide opportunities for physical activities
Supervise children at play
Keep a watchful eye on children in public
Strengthen emotional health by
encouraging and modeling self respect (the
ability to hold oneself in high esteem)