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					Parenting

Unit 3
Parenting Skills
            3.1 Match terms related to parenting skills
1. consistent - repeatedly acting the same way
2. diplomacy - using tact and skill when dealing with others
3. discipline - training that corrects, molds, and perfects ones
    actions
4. ethical - having a system of morals or values, to act in
    accordance to this system
5. guidance - help in learning acceptable behavior.
6. moral behavior - to behave in ways that are acceptable to
    society and family
7. negative reinforcement - a response that tends to
    discourage a particular behavior from being repeated
8. nurturing - providing love, support, attention, and
    encouragement
9. permissive - a type of behavior allowing freedom, behavior
    that is tolerant of practices disapproved of by others
10. positive reinforcement - a response that encourages a
    particular behavior
11. potential - what a person is capable of becoming
12. punishment - a penalty inflicted on a child for a violation
13. responsibility - an obligation or duty for which a person is
    held accountable
14. rights - special privilege, benefit, or personal favor to which one is entitled
15. role - a way of acting to fulfill certain responsibilities in life, most often
      taught by family members
16. role model - a person that someone admires and wishes to pattern his or
      her behavior after
17. self concept - the mental picture people have of themselves; their opinion
      about themselves
18. self control - the ability to control one's actions
19. self destructive behavior - self-imposed activities that can cause physical,
      mental, or emotional harm
20. self esteem - the sense of worth a person attaches to oneself
21. self respect - the ability to hold oneself in high esteem
22. values - ideas about right and wrong and what is important in your life
    3.2 List rights   (special privilege, benefit, or personal favor to which one is entitled)
                              of parents and children


What are the Human Rights of Children and Youth?
   Human Rights are universal, and civil, political,
    economic, social and cultural rights belong to all
    human beings, including children and young
    people. Children and youth also enjoy certain
    human rights specifically linked to their status as
    minors and to their need for special care and
    protection.
   The human rights of children and youth are
    explicitly set out in the Convention on the Rights
    of the Child, the most widely ratified human rights
    treaty in history.
The human rights of children and youth include the
  following indivisible, interdependent and
  interrelated human rights:
 to an adequate standard of living for a child's
  intellectual, physical, moral, and spiritual
  development, including adequate food, shelter and
  clothing.
 to freedom from discrimination based on age,
  gender, race, color, language, religion, nationality,
  ethnicity, or any other status, or on the status of
  the child's parents.
 to the highest possible standard of health and to
  access to health care.
 to a healthy and safe environment.
 to education -- to free and compulsory
  elementary education, to readily available
  forms of secondary and higher education,
  and to freedom from all types of
  discrimination at all levels of education.
 to protection from neglect and all types
  of physical or mental abuse
     3.3 List responsibility (an obligation or duty for which a person is held accountable)
                                 of parents and children


   Support their children
     Provide basic needs: food, clothing shelter
     Provide medical care
     Provide an education
   Supervise and control behavior
     Parents  are responsible for a child’s accidental or
      intentional injury of others, destruction of property,
      stealing, truancy, curfew violations
     Parents can control as they see fit as long as they
      do not abuse or neglect the child or as him/her do
      something illegal
                           3.4 Describe parenting styles
Authoritarian
   values obedience as a virtue,
   favors physical punishment
   does not encourage self control

Permissive (a type of behavior allowing freedom, behavior that is tolerant of
practices disapproved of by others)
   allows children almost complete freedom in regulating their own
    behavior
   children are self-centered
   children are uncooperative

Authoritative
   Allows freedom within limits
   sets rules and explains
    3.5 Explain traits and importance of parents as positive role model
     (a person that someone admires and wishes to pattern his or her behavior after)

Traits:
   honesty
   trustworthiness
   fairness
   loyalty
   patience
   high self esteem (the sense of worth a person attaches to oneself)
   positive self concept (the sense of worth a person attaches to oneself)


Importance:
   Child’s first teacher
   Children imitate behavior
    3.6 List ways parents can provide a nurturing (providing love, support, attention,
                           and encouragement) environment


 show  love and affection
 provide limits
 encourage further development
    physical
    mental
    emotional
           self respect (the ability to hold oneself in high esteem)
    social
 practice diplomacy (using tact and skill when dealing with others)
 be consistent (repeatedly acting the same way)
      3.7 Describe guidance, discipline, and punishment




 Guidance is help in learning acceptable
  behavior.
 Discipline is training that corrects, molds,
  and perfects ones actions.
 Punishment is a penalty inflicted on a
  child for a violation.
3.8 Designate guidance techniques for promoting positive behavior



 negative reinforcement (a response that
  tends to discourage a particular behavior
  from being repeated)
 positive reinforcement (a response that
  encourages a particular behavior)
 self control (the ability to control one's
  actions)
3.9 Designate parenting strategies to strengthen values (ideas about right and
           wrong and what is important in your life) and moral development



   Make sure children are aware of appropriate
    moral behavior (to behave in ways that are acceptable to society
    and family).
   Model behavior for the child.
        honesty
        respect
        loyalty
        caring
        fairness
        diligence
        trustworthiness
        citizenship
        Integrity
   Parents should be ethical                  (having a system of morals or
    values, to act in accordance to this system).
              3.10 Name roles parents play in children’s education
   Children are greatly influenced by their parents’
    attitude about education. Children model their
    views after their parents.
    Roles (a way of acting to fulfill certain responsibilities in life, most often taught by
                  family members)

      Encourage          and support the children without pushing
       them.
      Interact with the children as they play and do school
       work.
      Seize teachable moments and expand on the child’s
       natural curiosity.
      Encourage children to work to their full potential (what a
        person is capable of becoming).
      Help them adjust to school and its routine.
      Provide a good environment to do schoolwork.
      Parents should be involved in the school.
          3.11 Name guidelines for establishing a strong family unit

1. Families must provide for the physical needs of
    all family members.
        food, clothing, shelter, health, safety
2. Families must meet the emotional needs of all
    family members.
        love, acceptance, support
3. Families should avoid self destructive behavior
   (self-imposed activities that can cause physical, mental, or emotional harm)
        drug and alcohol use and abuse
4. Families must provide guidance.
        discipline, reasonable limits, consistency
5. Families must nurture (providing love, support, attention, and
    encouragement) the growth of all family members.

        mental, physical, emotional, social
3.12 Provide guidelines for promoting the health and safety of children

 Provide healthy meals
 Limit high sugar and high fat foods
 Provide opportunities for physical activities
 Supervise children at play
 Keep a watchful eye on children in public
  places.
 Strengthen emotional health by
  encouraging and modeling self respect (the
    ability to hold oneself in high esteem)

				
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