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									What are                         Ovarian Cancer                               Uterine Cancer                            Cervical Cancer                         Other Cancers
Gynecologic           F    More  women die of ovarian           Most  uterine cancer begins in the lining of   Cervicalcancer is almost completely        Cancers of the vagina, vulva
Cancers?              A     cancer than any other                 the uterus, the endometrium                     preventable with regular screening         and fallopian tubes are rare.
                            gynecologic cancer                   Cancer of the uterus is the most common        Oral contraceptive use does not            These cancers share some
                      C    Ovarian cancer is the second          gynecologic cancer in women                     change your cervical cancer risk           of the same risk factors.
Gynecologic           T     most common gynecologic
cancers are cancers   S     cancer
of a woman’s               With  age, especially after age 50   With  age, especially after age 50             No   regular Pap tests and pelvic          Increasing age, especially
                           With  a family history of ovarian    With  obesity, diabetes or high blood           exams                                       after age 50
                            cancer                                pressure                                       If you or your sex partner have or         With a history of
organs. These              If you had breast cancer             With estrogen replacement therapy without       have had multiple sex partners              gynecologic cancer,
include cancer of          In women who have not had             supplemental progestin                         If you have a history of genital warts      especially cervical cancer
                      R     children                             In women who have not had children              or HPV infection                           Women with a history of
the vulva, vagina,    I    Use of oral contraceptives           In women who take tamoxifen                    If you smoke                                genital warts or HPV
cervix, uterus,       S     reduces the risk of ovarian          Healthy eating and exercise to maintain        Safer sex reduces the risk of cervical      (human papillomavirus)
fallopian tubes and   K     cancer                                desirable weight reduces the risk               cancers (condom use, low number of          infection
                      S                                          Use of oral contraceptives reduces the          lifetime partners)
ovaries.                                                          risk of uterine cancer                         If your age of first intercourse is less
                                                                                                                  than 18
                                                                                                                 HPV vaccine given before first
                                                                                                                  intercourse should decrease risk by
                      W Symptoms are often not obvious           Abnormal  vaginal bleeding, spotting or        Frequently  there are no symptoms
                      A until the disease is advanced, and        discharge                                       associated with cervical cancer

Who is at Risk?       R may include:bloating, swelling
                                                                 Abnormal bloating, pelvic fullness or
                                                                                                                 Abnormal bleeding, spotting or
                                                                                                                  discharge from the vagina
                      N and/or pain or a lump                    Unexplained weight loss or gain                Back or leg pain
                      I Abnormal vaginal bleeding
All women are at      N Persistent digestive problems
some risk;            G including stomach discomfort,
however, your risk    S gas, nausea
of getting            D    Regular  vaginal pelvic exams        Regular   vaginal pelvic exams (every 1-2      Regular   vaginal pelvic exams and Pap Regular vaginal pelvic
gynecologic cancer    E     (every 1-2 years)                    years)                                           tests, starting at age 21 or within 3   exams and Pap tests(every
                           Special screening tests such as      Biopsy   of the uterine lining                  yrs of sex (every 1-2 years)            1-2 years)
may depend on         T     ultrasound and the CA125 blood                                                       A Pap test can detect abnormal cells
your age, family      E     test for women at high risk                                                           before they become cancer
history and           C                                                                                          Biopsy of the cervix

      For more information about                                                         Gynecologic
    screening, diagnostic tests and
  treatment of gynecologic cancers,                                                        Cancers
                contact:                                                            (Women’s Reproductive Cancers)

UCSD Student Health Service
     858-534-8089                                                     Early Detection is
                                                                                      Your Best Protection
The Cancer Information Service
      1-800-4-CANCER                                                              Visit your doctor or other medical                                                    care provider regularly for a
                                                                                      vaginal pelvic examination,
The American Cancer Society                                                        starting at age 18. Pap tests now
     1-800-ACS-2345                                                               begin at age 21, or after 3 years of                                                               having sex, whichever comes first.

Gynecologic Cancer Foundation                                                       During the exam, the doctor or
     1-800-444-4441                                                                  nurse will check your breasts,                                                               reproductive organs and bladder to
                                                                                    be sure that the size and shape
National Ovarian Cancer Coalition                                                   seem normal, and will check for
      1-888-OVARIAN                                                                  the presence of tumors, cysts,                                                             lumps or other warning signs.

                                                                                  This is a good time to talk to your
                                                                                    health care provider about any
                                                                                  problem, symptom or changes you
                                                                                  have noticed and to ask questions
                                                                                  about your gynecologic health. It
                                                                                   might help to take this pamphlet
                                          UCSD Student Health Service              with you. Do not hesitate to ask
                                                                                     any question you may have.
                                                Make appts online at:                   It could save your life!
                                                or call (858) 534-8089

                                      Call (858) 534-5337 to speak with a nurse
                                                                                          UCSD Student Health Service
                                       HED:pg Publ/gyncancerbro 10/2010

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