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					      The Oral Tradition

  Through the Ages
         What is a Folktale?
   What do you think folktale is?
   Why were they written?
   How did they get passed along in a
   Do you remember hearing about Folktales
    when you were younger? What kinds?
   Let’s take a closer look at the definition of
The Definition of a Folktale
   A Folktale is a story that shows human
    abilities, strengths and weaknesses.
   Folktales usually teach or explain.
   They are simple stories that are told from
    generation to generation.
   Folktales reveal beliefs, customs, and
    values that are deeply rooted in the
    traditions of a country or culture.
   Folktales also show us that there is more
    than one way to tell a story.
The Definition of a Folktale
There are some folktales that have unique

      Fables          Tall Tales
      Fairy Tales     Tricksters
      Legends         Pourquois
    Examples of Folktales

 The Three Little
 He Lion, Bruh
  Bear and Bruh
 The Emperor's
  New Clothes
          Folktale Terms
   Personification- animals or objects
       given human characteristics
   Moral- a lesson learned
   Supernatural- beyond human ability
   Hyperbole- exaggeration or
       overstatement of reality
   Trickster- a cunning and deceitful
A fable is a story that is told to
 teach a lesson about human
 nature. It usually has objects or
 animal characters that have
 humanistic interests and
 qualities, without naming the
 characters. Fables have a stated
 moral at the end.
           Examples of Fables

   Aesop’s Fables
   The Little Engine
    That Could
   The Ugly Duckling
   The Tortoise and
    the Hare

Pourquoi is a French
 word that means
 “why”. A Pourquoi
 explains how
 something in nature
 came to be the way it
 is. The title of a a
 Pourquoi usually
 begins with how or      How the Camel Got Its
 why.                           Hump.
    Examples of Pour Quoi

 Why the Tortoise’s Shell is Not
 How Leopard Got its Spots

 Why Monkeys Live in Trees
       Let’s talk about Myth
   Myth can be defined as the first
    attempt to explain how and why
    things happen.
   It is also the earliest form of science
    and how things came into being.
   Myth was and still is the basis of
   What does all of this mean?
                 Greek Myths
   Greek Myths are
    stories of the gods
    and the goddesses
    that usually explain
    occurrences in nature.
    They are filled with
    the supernatural.
    Greek Myths are
    stories of Zeus and his
    Pantheon (family).
     Examples of Myth

 Daedalus         and Icarus
 Arachne

 Anansi

 The   Gorgon’s Head
                Fairy Tales
   Fairy tales are highly imaginative and
    directed towards children.
   They usually begin with “Once Upon a
    Time . . . ,” and end with “. . . They lived
    happily ever after.”
   They often include supernatural events or
   They have truly good or evil people or
   Good always wins.
        Examples of Fairy Tales
   Cinderella
   Beauty and the Beast
   Snow White and the
    Seven Dwarfs
   The Little Mermaid
   Hansel and Gretel
   Little Red Riding
   These stories began with real
    historical figures or events.
   Legends are fictional tales because
    they are told over and over again,
    and time causes them to lose their
    true history.
   Tales like “David Crockett” and
    “Casey Jones” are considered to be
                Tall Tales

   Tall Tales are stories with an
    exaggeration of how things really
    were (hyperbole).
   Tall tales usually focus on a type
    lifestyle or profession in history.
   Tall Tales include stories like “Paul
    Bunyan,” “Pecos Bill,” and “John

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