Multiple Visioning of Wask-quoy Metisk - Paper birch - Betula papyrifera
Teaching and presentation by Barb Frazer (email@example.com)
Birch Bark biting Supplies needed: Instructions: Teaching and knowledge
(all ages) acquired by youth:
1. Water molecules
3. Square roots
4. Water containers and
canoes made from Birch
1. Birch ‘paper’
Birch Bark Biting: Is how bark the The most basic form of a snow crystal is a 1. Snowflakes and snow
patterns were transferred cambium of hexagonal shape. crystals are made of ice.
to make designs as a form the birch tree Fold the birch bark paper 3 times always in an Water vapours form into
of decoration clothing, 2. scissors exact half always folding inwards from the snow crystals form when
canoes, basket, etc. 3. Pictures of center. water vapour condenses
snow crystals Bite down with front eye teeth from the directly into ice, which
Snow flakes have beautiful and ‘CENTER’ with a bit of pressure to make an happens in the clouds.
ornate patterns and can be snowflakes. impression, but do not bit through the paper. 2. The patterns emerge as
simulated when birch Bit different at different angles, always connect the crystals grow and a
paper is unfolded – the bit patterns. snow crystal, as the name
exposing a different implies, is a single crystal
hexagonal pattern each Suggested Resources: of ice.
time. 3. There are two hydrogen’s
“Northern Ojibway Style Birch Bark Canoe for each oxygen, so the
Questions to ask: Building” chemical formula is H2O
1. How were patterns (order: www.occc.ca) and when they freeze
transferred in the past space is created between
before paper? (A: birch “Last Leaf, First Snowflake to Fall” by Ojibway these hydrogen bonds.
bark paper) author Leo Yerxa. (1993) Toronto/ Vancouver: 4. Water is a liquid and it
2. How do raindrops come Douglas &McIntyre. cools it contracts as it
down in the winter? (A: forms crystal lattice
Snow flakes or water “Maple Moon” by Connie Brummel Crook shape.
crystals and there are [about sweet water from trees]
two hydrogen molecules (www.goodminds.com)
and one oxygen (H2O)
and when they freeze (*) “Birch Bark Biting” – information sheet
space is created between http://canoesaskatchewan.rkc.ca/native/biting.htm
“Kakwité:ne Wao’shén:ni Ne Akohserá:ke -
Spring Defeats Winter” order from:
Tsi Ronterihwanónhnha ne Kanien’kéha
“Creator’s Gift Good Water”