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Revolutionary_war_test-review_2009_ap

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					Name ______________________                                        Test Date: Wednesday, 11/3/10

                              Revolutionary War Test Review Guide
                     Chapters 7 & 8 along with supplemental readings & notes
Directions: Students are responsible for all information from the notes, discussion, class work, projects
and textbook pages. Definitions are optional, but questions are required.

Impact of French & Indian War                               Proclamation of 1763:



Sugar Act:                                                  Stamp Act:



Impact of Stamp Act Congress:                               Boston Massacre:



Boston Tea Party:                                           Coercive/Intolerable Acts:



Effects Intolerable Acts:                                   First & Second Continental Congress:



“Midnight Ride”:                                            Battles of Lexington and Concord:



Battle of Bunker Hill:                                      Why did the British leave Boston for NY?



General George Washington:                                  General William Howe (mistakes & why replaced):



Battles of New York 1776:                                   Battle of Trenton/Crossing the Delaware/Princeton:



Thomas Jefferson & John Locke:                              Thomas Paine (Common Sense & The Crisis):



What prevented an earlier call/demand for independence & reasons for change (British mistakes, Olive Branch):
Declaration of Independence - what was it for, why was it established, what did it talk about, what impact, etc



Battles of Pennsylvania 1777:                                 General John Burgoyne (attack plain & flaws):



Battle of Saratoga:                                           Impact of the French:



Valley Forge (Baron Von Steuben & Layette):                   Loyalists (who are they) & Hessians:



American Wartime Challenges (Profiteering, etc):              John Paul Jones/Privateers:



Battle of Monmouth:                                           Morristown:



Fall of Charlestown & Battle of Camden:                       Nathaniel Greene & the defense of the South:



Treason of Arnold:                                            Battle of Cowpens:



Guilford Courthouse:                                          Battle of Yorktown & General Cornwallis:



Treaty of Paris (negotiation and terms):                      Rev. War – more a Political or Military victory:



Strengths/weakness Americans and British:                     Why did the American win (more earned or luck)?:



Washington‟s reputation (more myth or reality):               Costs & impact of the war:



Myths of the Revolutionary:                                   American Spirit & Identity:
Homework due Monday, 11/1: answer the review questions and complete the charts/definitions from the
timeline if you have not already done so. Check back for more review information throughout the weekend.

Revolutionary War Review Questions: use your notes, timelines, and book to informally answer the following
questions.

   1. What issues prevented an earlier call for American independence from the British for the different groups of
       colonists?
   2. The American independence movement may have began with the founding of the first English colonies, but
       what specific events & ideas, between 1763-1776, led the colonies from the goal of acquiring more rights
       and privileges to demanding independence from Great Britain?
   3. What was the significance of the “shot heard „round the world”?
   4. Identify the advantages and disadvantages of both the Patriots and the British on the eve of the
       Revolutionary War.
   5. Why was George Washington selected as the best person to make the most of these advantages?
   6. What documents were most influential during the Revolutionary Era? What was the purpose of each?
   7. What were the initial setbacks in the war during 1776? What was the significance of the Battles of Trenton
       and Princeton in this regard?
   8. What was the initial plan for the British campaign of 1777? How was this altered? What affect did this
       alteration have on the outcome?
   9. How did the victory at Saratoga affect American diplomatic efforts? How did England and France respond
       to this news? What was the result?
   10. Why did the British decide to launch a campaign against the southern colonies in 1778? What advantages
       and disadvantages did each side have in this region?
   11. Why did the British "Southern Strategy" backfire?
   12. How were the Americans able to win the war against all odds? Did they “win” or did the British lose the
       war?
   13. What was the significance of the Yorktown victory for the colonists? For the British?
   14. What were the provisions of the Treaty of Paris in 1783? How did the Treaty affect relations among the
       United States, France, and Spain?
   15. Who were the Loyalists? What elements in America remained loyal to the King, and for what reasons?
   16. What happened to the Loyalists during and after the war? Was it a necessary step in achieving
       independence, or were these actions in direct conflict with the ideals that the war was fought over?
   17. What effect did the war have on other minorities? How was its significance to African-Americans both
       limited, and yet significant?
   18. How did the Revolution affect the way American women thought about their status? What changes
       resulted from this new awareness?
   19. What changes did the Revolution produce in the structure of the American economy?
   20. What were the costs of the war on the soldiers and civilians?
   21. What was the impact of this conflict on both America and Europe?
   22. What were the common misconceptions about the war and how does “reality” compare to the myths?
   23. The Crisis: Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered; yet we have this consolation with us, that the
       harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph. What we obtain too cheap, we esteem too
       lightly:-'Tis dearness only that gives everything its value.
           1. Based on the Building an Army reading, how do you think the soldiers felt? Explain
   24. Was there a major discrepancy between the justification for declaring independence provided in the
       Declaration of Independence, Common Sense, and the messages including in the Crisis when compared to
       the general lack of unity, equality, and the patriotism described in Building an Army by John E. Ferling and
       other sources (Social War by Wallace Brown and The Real Revolution by Justin Ewers)? Explain your answer
       and include concepts and examples that focus on the conditions that the soldiers suffered through & the
       major reasons behind them, military discipline & desertion, officers & caste and motivation for success,
       support from the public for the war and soldiers fighting it, preaching republican virtues and democracy, but
       also expressing fear of the common man. To what extent does this “cheapen” the ideals of the nation?

				
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