Mastering Installing and Configuring Active Directory on Windows Server 2008 R2 by krabah

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									Global Open Versity ICT Labs                           Mastering Installing Win Server 2k8 R2 Active Directory1.0



                            Global Open Versity
             Systems Integration Hands-on Labs Training Manual

              Mastering Installing and Configuring Active Directory
                          on Windows Server 2008 R2

                                       Kefa Rabah
                          Global Open Versity, Vancouver Canada
                                   krabah@globalopenversity.org
                                    www.globalopenversity.org



Table of Contents                                                                                   Page No.


MASTERING INSTALLING AND CONFIGURING ACTIVE DIRECTORY ON
WINDOWS SERVER 2008 R2                                                                                         3 

Part 1: Install & Configure Windows Server 2008 R2                                                              4 
  Step 1: Install Windows Server 2008 R2                                                                        4 

Part 2: Install & setup Active Directory on Windows Server 2008 R2                                            13 
  Step 1: Setup Active Directory DC on Windows Server 2008 R2                                                 13 
  Step 2: Setup Reverse DNS Reverse Lookup Zone                                                               27 

Part 3: Configure DHCP Server                                                                                 33 

Part 3: Hands-on Labs Assignments                                                                             44 




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© September 2007, Kefa Rabah,    Global Open Versity, Vancouver Canada

www.globalopenversity.org Mastering Installing and Configuring Active Directory on Windows Server 2008 R2
Global Open Versity ICT Labs                           Mastering Installing Win Server 2k8 R2 Active Directory1.0



                            Global Open Versity
             Systems Integration Hands-on Labs Training Manual

  Mastering Installing and Configuring Active Directory on Windows
                           Server 2008 R2

By Kefa Rabah, krabah@globalopenversity.org                 December 2011                      GTS Institute

Introduction
Windows Server 2008 R2 is the first Windows OS platform to go 64-bit only, i.e., no more 32-bit server. It’s
important to note that Microsoft has aligned R2 development around four core technology pillars: First,
there’s virtualization. R2 represents our most pervasive move into virtualization yet, including R2’s
undisputed marquee feature, Live Migration. Think physical host migrations of running VMs happening in
milliseconds – no service or user connection interruptions. With Live Migration, data centers can truly go
virtual and largely divorce management considerations between software and hardware, and all managed
from inside a single OS frame.

R2’s virtualization also extends to a new Hyper-V for Windows Server 2008 R2 (i.e., much better
management, beefier resources for VMs etc.). And potentially more exciting, Terminal Services remote
applications feature has now updated to include a true Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI). Think
desktops and applications wrapped in virtualized packages, managed centrally and deployed to Windows
7 desktop with such tight integration most users will be unable to tell the difference between centrally
hosted apps and those installed locally. (And the cool part, a Web Access feature will let Windows XP and
Windows Vista users in the action.)

The second area of core concentration is streamlined management. R2 contains a host of new server
role-specific management UIs. More-so, these are all built on PowerShell 2.0, which hosts a bunch of
improvements of its own. For one, you’ll find over 240 new cmdlets inside the R2 box with more coming
from other Microsoft platform products. There’s also a new Graphical PowerShell UI that adds developer-
oriented features so you can more easily create your own cmdlets, including syntax coloring and better
debugging tools. Add to that a new Active Directory Domain Services management console, enhanced
Group Policy functions and a remote-capable Server Manager, and IT administrators have a lot to look
forward to with R2.

The third pillar is the Web concentration which largely represents updates to IIS 7.0. The Web server is
better than ever with new PowerShell management support, including a new failover clustering updates,
and a number of popular IIS Extensions that have been rolled up into this release, including WebDAV and
an updated Administration Pack and many more. Furthermore, the new reporting capabilities, better
deployment options and more flexible deployment options with support for technologies like SilverLight
and PHP – giving rise to an excellent new IIS world in R2.

The fourth and definitely the IT infrastructure implementers’ favorite is the enterprise workloads pillar. This
covers the heavy-iron features like failover clustering, new reliability features and updates to enterprise
storage (more iSCSI enhancements, management and more). But it also covers the end-to-end network
experience for enterprise users – and that means an excellent integration with Windows 7. Live Migration

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© September 2007, Kefa Rabah,    Global Open Versity, Vancouver Canada

www.globalopenversity.org Mastering Installing and Configuring Active Directory on Windows Server 2008 R2
Global Open Versity ICT Labs                           Mastering Installing Win Server 2k8 R2 Active Directory1.0



is getting a lot of spotlight attention; however, DirectAccess will be the great feature of R2 and Windows 7.
With DA, remote computing essentially becomes invisible for end-users. Using technologies like SSTP
and IPv6 combined with way-easy management UIs in Windows Server 2008 R2, admins can build
remote computing policies that let users plug into any network, anywhere and see their local network
resources—completely secure, no clunky VPN required. As long as there’s an outward network
connection, DA takes care of everything in the background and automatically. Awesome. And that’s just
one R2-Windows 7 synergy out of many.

Hands-on Lab Sessions
In this Hands-on Systems Integration Training Labs, we’re going to undertake a step-by-step installation,
and configuration of Windows Server 2008 R2. You’ll also learn how to setup and configure Active
Directory Domain Controller on R2. This project was demonstrated entirely using VMware (you may also
use any other virtual machines like MS VirtualPC, Linux Xen, or VirtualBox from Sun); however, once you
have perfected the setup and configuration steps, you can migrate to physical servers to take advantage
of the power of Windows Server 2008 R2 Hyper-V. Upon completion of this lab session, you should have
gained a capability and expertise to deploy Windows Server 2008 R2 at any level.


Part 1: Install & Configure Windows Server 2008 R2

Step 1: Install Windows Server 2008 R2
To install Windows Server 2008 R2, perform the following procedure:

1. Grab your Windows Server 2008 DVD and insert it into your CD/DVD drive from URL:
2. Restart your computer if installing on a physical machine or perform the pre-install configuration if
   installing on a Virtual PC or VMware. In this step-by-step guide, we’re using VMware.
3. Figure 1 shows the first installation screen, accept the default or change as desired, and click Next.




                                                                                    Fig. 1

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© September 2007, Kefa Rabah,    Global Open Versity, Vancouver Canada

www.globalopenversity.org Mastering Installing and Configuring Active Directory on Windows Server 2008 R2
Global Open Versity ICT Labs                           Mastering Installing Win Server 2k8 R2 Active Directory1.0




1. On Fig. 2, click the Install now button to start installing Windows Server 2008 (Win2k8)




                                                                                           Fig. 2

2. From Fig. 3, wait for the process to complete!




                                                                                           Fig. 3


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© September 2007, Kefa Rabah,    Global Open Versity, Vancouver Canada

www.globalopenversity.org Mastering Installing and Configuring Active Directory on Windows Server 2008 R2
Global Open Versity ICT Labs                           Mastering Installing Win Server 2k8 R2 Active Directory1.0



3. From Fig. 4, "Please read the license terms", and checkmark to accept, and then click
   Next.




                                                                                                Fig. 4
4. On Fig. 5, "Which type of installation do you want", click Custom (Advanced).




                                                                                                Fig. 5
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© September 2007, Kefa Rabah,    Global Open Versity, Vancouver Canada

www.globalopenversity.org Mastering Installing and Configuring Active Directory on Windows Server 2008 R2
Global Open Versity ICT Labs                           Mastering Installing Win Server 2k8 R2 Active Directory1.0



5. On Fig. 6, "Where do you want to install Windows", click "Disk 0 Unallocated Space",
   and then click Next.




                                                                                             Fig. 6

6. On Fig. 7, "Installing Windows", grab a-cup-of-coffee & relax, it will take several minutes.




                                                                                             Fig. 7


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© September 2007, Kefa Rabah,    Global Open Versity, Vancouver Canada

www.globalopenversity.org Mastering Installing and Configuring Active Directory on Windows Server 2008 R2
Global Open Versity ICT Labs                           Mastering Installing Win Server 2k8 R2 Active Directory1.0



7. After completing the "Installing Windows" process, the computer will restart and you should see
   the information displayed, as shown in Fig. 8, again just relax as it completes the process & restarts
   the computer.




                                                                               Fig. 8

8. On Fig. 9, "Installing Windows", we’re now in the final stage i.e., "Completing Install
   ion..." again it will take several minutes. Once done the computer will restart to complete the
   installation process.




    Fig. 9: Completing installation … page.


9. Next, the system will go through the Setup is preparing your computer for first use, as shown in
   Fig. 10 before continuing.




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© September 2007, Kefa Rabah,    Global Open Versity, Vancouver Canada

www.globalopenversity.org Mastering Installing and Configuring Active Directory on Windows Server 2008 R2
Global Open Versity ICT Labs                           Mastering Installing Win Server 2k8 R2 Active Directory1.0




                                                                                                 Fig. 10

10. Once the installation is successfully completed, the computer will restart, and you should be able to
    see the message shown in Fig. 11. Click the OK button to change your password as instructed.




                                                                                                 Fig. 11

11. On Fig. 11, "Create a password reset disk..."; enter a strong password with complexity for
    the Administrator account, and then click the Arrow icon to effect the changes.




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© September 2007, Kefa Rabah,    Global Open Versity, Vancouver Canada

www.globalopenversity.org Mastering Installing and Configuring Active Directory on Windows Server 2008 R2
Global Open Versity ICT Labs                              Mastering Installing Win Server 2k8 R2 Active Directory1.0




    Fig. 12: Create the Administrator account password.

12. On Fig. 13, you should see the information page, "Your password has been changed", click
    the OK button to login and access your Windows Server 2008 Desktop.




                                                                              Fig. 13

13. Figure 14, shows your newly minted Windows Server 2008 R2 Desktop.




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© September 2007, Kefa Rabah,     Global Open Versity, Vancouver Canada

www.globalopenversity.org Mastering Installing and Configuring Active Directory on Windows Server 2008 R2
Global Open Versity ICT Labs                           Mastering Installing Win Server 2k8 R2 Active Directory1.0




                                                                                              Fig. 14

14. Figure 15, shows the Win2k8 Initial Configuration Tasks page. Here you can perform additional
    server configuration tasks. And one of the most important tasks that we should perform immediately is
    to install Updates to dose our newly minted server with the latest Windows Updates.




                                                                                                    Fig. 15


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© September 2007, Kefa Rabah,    Global Open Versity, Vancouver Canada

www.globalopenversity.org Mastering Installing and Configuring Active Directory on Windows Server 2008 R2
Global Open Versity ICT Labs                           Mastering Installing Win Server 2k8 R2 Active Directory1.0




15. On Fig. 16, click to "Enable Windows automatic updating and feedback" button.




                                                                                  Fig. 16

16. Figure 17 shown the Windows Updates installation process.




     Fig. 17: Windows Updating process.



17. You can use section "3 Customize This Server" of the Windows Server 2008 Initial Configuration
    Tasks, to perform tasks as shown in Fig. 18.




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© September 2007, Kefa Rabah,    Global Open Versity, Vancouver Canada

www.globalopenversity.org Mastering Installing and Configuring Active Directory on Windows Server 2008 R2
Global Open Versity ICT Labs                           Mastering Installing Win Server 2k8 R2 Active Directory1.0




 Fig. 18: Use "3 Customize This Server" to Add roles etc.


18. You have now successfully installed Windows Server 2008 R2


Part 2: Install & setup Active Directory on Windows Server 2008 R2
Before we start there’re some considerations that we need to look into when installing a new Windows
Server 2008 R2 forest: When you install AD to create the first domain controller in a new Windows Server
2008 R2 forest, you must keep the following considerations in mind:
    •   You must make forest and domain functional level decisions tha
								
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