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                            RISK ASSESSMENT FORM
                              Follow HS01 Guidance Document when completing this Form

For Health and Safety Use
                                                             1.0 Assessment Type (tick box)           NEW           REVIEW
Assessment No        Sea18       Revision No    3


2.1 Subject of Assessment


Autosub operations




2.2 Who is doing the Work


Master and crew of research vessels
Autosub team (N Millard, S McPhail, P Stevenson, M Peberdy, A Webb, J Riggs, M Squires, A Harris, J Riggs)
Assisted at times by other members of science party.



2.3 Cruise Number(s) / Location of Work

Various scientific cruises


2.4 Brief Description of Activity




Conduct a series of Autosub AUV missions




2.5 Main Equipment Used




Autosub, Launch and recovery gantry, ships crane and winches as required




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3.0 Hazard Category(ies) – select all hazards that are applicable

H01       Use of workshop type machinery
                                                                  H25       Electric shock
H02       Possible entanglement in moving machinery
                                                                  H26       Fire from ignition sources (including static electricity)
H03       Use of hand held/portable power tools
                                                                  H27       Explosion
H04       Use of hand/foot operated machine tools
                                                                  H28       Contact with molten metals
H05       Use of hand tools
                                                                  H29       Use of hydraulic/pneumatic systems
H06       Handling of glass
                                                                  H30       Use of compressed gases
H07       Operation of crane/overhead gantry
                                                                  H31       Compressed air
H08       Loads being transported overhead
                                                                  H32       Work in extremes of temperature
H09       Falls of objects from heights
                                                                  H33       Frostbite/Scalding/Burns
H10       Operation of forklift trucks
                                                                  H34       Vibration
H11       Manoeuvring of heavy loads
                                                                  H35       High noise levels
H12       Stacking/storing
                                                                  H36       Low light levels
H13       Operation of vehicles
                                                                  H37       Fumes
H14       Vehicles hitting people
                                                                  H38       Lack of ventilation
H15       Manual handling
                                                                  H39       Work over/near water, liquids
H16       Work with Display Screen Equipment
                                                                  H40       Environmental pollution
H17       Office Workstation (computers/printers/ furniture)
                                                                  H41       Deck operations
H18       Repetitive movements
                                                                  H42       Carrying equipment up gangway
H19       Slips/trips/falls of person on same level
                                                                  H43       Use of small boats
H20       Falls of persons from heights
                                                                  H44       Use of divers
H21       Collapse of structure
                                                                  H45       Working with ship rails lowered
H22       Sharp objects
                                                                  H46       Near by operations
H23       Inexperienced staff involvement
                                                                  H47       Any other foreseeable hazards not already covered
H24       Violence


4.0 Special Hazards
SH01        Use of hazardous chemical substances*1                SH04       Work in confined spaces*2
SH02        Work on any machinery in motion*2                     SH05       Work on live electrical equipment*2
SH03        Hot work (welding/brazing/flame cutting) *2           SH06       Lone/remote working/Out of hours*3
*1
     Separate COSHH Assessment is required                        *3
*2                                                                     Separate Lone Working Checklist is required
     Permit to Work System/Work Safety Instruction is required

5.0 Risk Groups (tick who might be affected by your activities, other than those who are doing the work)
RG01        Cleaners                                              RG06        Members of the public
RG02        Maintenance staff                                     RG07        Students
RG03        Security                                              RG08        Ship borne personnel
RG04        Contractors                                           RG09        Pregnant women
RG05        Other members of staff                                RG10        Staff with disabilities
RG11        Others (give details):
            PLEASE IDENTIFY THE CONTROLS MEASURES TO BE PUT IN PLACE IN THE TABLE OVERLEAF

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      STAFF WITH MEDICAL OR PHYSICAL CONDITIONS SHOULD ALWAYS DISCUSS THE CONTENTS OF THIS ASSESSMENT AND ANY ADDITIONAL
                      PRECAUTIONS WITH LINE MANAGER OR PROJECT LEADER BEFORE PROCEEDING WITH THE WORK

6.0 Assess the Level of Risk
                                              (a)           (b)                                                                            6.2
                                                                         Risk Rating
                                              Hazard        Likelihood   = (a) x (b)                                                       Revised
               Description of activities      Consequence                                                                                  Risk Level      6.3 Further Action Necessary
Haz                                                                      High (6 & 9)          6.1 Controls to be Implemented              High
No.            relating to the hazards        3 Major       3 High                                                                                                  (Comments)
                                                                         Medium (4)                                                        Medium
                      identified              2 Serious     2 Medium     Low (1 to 3)                                                      Low
                                              1 Slight      1 Low
                                                                         H M       L                                                       H    M    L
        Autosub is launched and recovered
                                                                                        Gantry is to be driven only by experience
        using a bespoke hydraulically
                                                                                        operators. It is one of the duties of the
        driven gantry mounted on the after
                                                                                        Responsible Person (RP) to watch for
H02     deck. Its movement is slow and the
                                                   2            2             M         potential problems during operation.                    L
H29     hung weight (Autosub) is below
        head height but there is a risk of
                                                                                        Appropriate PPE such as safety shoes and
        crushing or being hit by the moving
                                                                                        overalls should be worn.
        parts.

        Repairs and maintenace require the                                              Work should only be carried out by
H03
        use of a range of hand tools and           2            2             M         experienced staff conversant with safe                  L
H05
        portable power tools..                                                          operation of the tools

                                                                                        Ships equipment should only be operated by
                                                                                        ship’s crew with appropriate training.

                                                                                        SOC staff are well acquainted with these
                                                                                        operations and should only help when asked
        During mobilisation,
                                                                                        OR are in a position to improve safety by
        demobilisation, launching of small
                                                                                        helping.
        boats and possibly on other
H07
        occasions, the ships crane will be
H08                                                3            2             H         During deck operations, those not directly              L
        used.
H41                                                                                     involved should remain at a safe distance. The
                                                                                        RP will overview the operation and should
        Deck operations will be a regular
                                                                                        intervene if unsafe situation arises but this
        feature during the trial.
                                                                                        should be done when it is clear and safe to do
                                                                                        so.

                                                                                        Appropriate PPE such as safety shoes and
                                                                                        overalls should be worn.



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6.0 Assess the Level of Risk
                                                (a)            (b)                                                                           6.2
                                                                            Risk Rating
                                                Hazard         Likelihood   = (a) x (b)                                                      Revised
              Description of activities         Consequence                                                                                  Risk Level      6.3 Further Action Necessary
Haz                                                                         High (6 & 9)          6.1 Controls to be Implemented             High
No.           relating to the hazards           3 Major        3 High                                                                                                 (Comments)
                                                                            Medium (4)                                                       Medium
                     identified                 2 Serious      2 Medium     Low (1 to 3)                                                     Low
                                                1 Slight       1 Low
                                                                            H M       L                                                      H    M    L
                                                                                           Transportation boxes should be thoughtfully
                                                                                           packed to keep the weight to a comfortable lift
                                                                                           for 2 people. Special lifting trays and handles
                                                                                           should be available to carry the heavy
       There are many items that would be                                                  Autosub battery packs.
       classed as heavy which need to be
       moved around the ship, sometimes                                                    Operations should be curtailed in
H11
       in rough conditions.                                                                unreasonably rough conditions. Where                   L
H15                                                  3             2             H
                                                                                           possible, equipment should be craned aboard.
H42
       Mobilisation and demobilisation
       can require carring equipment up                                                    When circumstances require the gangway to
       the gangway.                                                                        be used, extra caution should be taken i.e.
                                                                                           using 2 people even for light loads.

                                                                                           All staff should have under gone manual
                                                                                           handling training.
                                                                                           The nature of Autosub operations do not
                                                                                           require prolonged periods at desks, so the,
       Injury through bad posture, badly
                                                                                           sometimes, improvised comfort arrangements
       positioned equipment etc. Small
H16                                                                                        do not present a hazard.
       ships are always a compromise in              2             2             M                                                                L
H17
       this area and the same stanards as
                                                                                           Care should be directed towards providing
       ashore can rarely be achieved.
                                                                                           comfort for tasks such as data processing
                                                                                           which do last for protracted periods.
                                                                                           Personnel are experienced sea going people
       Ships decks are often wet and                                                       they should be aware of the ‘’one hand for the
       unstable. Stairs are often steep. This                                              ship and one hand for yourself’’ rule.
H19                                                  3             2             H                                                                L
       can lead to staff being injured
       through falling.                                                                    Appropriate PPE such as safety shoes and
                                                                                           overalls should be worn.
       Autosub gantry experiences large
       loads during deployment and                                                         The equipment is designed with the increased
H21    recovery. Ships cranes similarly,             3             1             L         sea induced loads in mind. All equipment
       particularly during operation at                                                    must have a current load test certificate.
       sea.
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6.0 Assess the Level of Risk
                                              (a)            (b)                                                                           6.2
                                                                          Risk Rating
                                              Hazard         Likelihood   = (a) x (b)                                                      Revised
              Description of activities       Consequence                                                                                  Risk Level      6.3 Further Action Necessary
Haz                                                                       High (6 & 9)          6.1 Controls to be Implemented             High
No.           relating to the hazards         3 Major        3 High                                                                                                 (Comments)
                                                                          Medium (4)                                                       Medium
                     identified               2 Serious      2 Medium     Low (1 to 3)                                                     Low
                                              1 Slight       1 Low
                                                                          H M       L                                                      H    M    L
       Autosub power is derived from
                                                                                         All personnel who work regularly on Autosub
       multiple packs of Manganese
                                                                                         are aware of the hazard. Less experienced
       Alkaline batteries. The voltage
                                                                                         personnel should be made aware through
       ranges from a starting voltage of
                                                                                         verbal warning and danger notices adjacent to
       120 Vdc, down to 72 Vdc at the
                                                                                         connectors which could have exposed high
       end of useable life. These must be
                                                                                         voltage pins.
       physically loaded into the vehicle
                                                                                                                                                          Refer to attached COSHH
       and connected. Once installed, live
H25                                                3             2             H         Each battery pack has a label warning of the           L         document and Work Safety
       pins could be exposed during
                                                                                         risks. This should be read and understood                        Instructions
       routine maintenance.
                                                                                         before handling the battery pack.
       The battery packs are isolated from
                                                                                         A connector with exposed high voltage pins
       the structure of Autosub, making it
                                                                                         should be covered with a red blanking cap.
       necessary to touch both wires at the
       same time that may give rise to an
       electric shock.
                                                                                         The bottle has a regulator and the working
       Underwater electronics housings
                                                                                         pressure is low and the supply to the housings
H30    are purged with dry nitrogen from a
                                                   3             1             L         is also a low pressure flexible line. However,
       15 lt high pressure bottle.
                                                                                         the bottle should be well secured on deck.
                                                                                         All personnel must carry proper warm
                                                                                         clothing, including head, hand and footwear.
       Tempertaures on deck will be cold
                                                                                         A heated workshop for pre-mission
       enough to cause discomfort or eben
H32                                                                                      preparation of Autosub should be mounted on
       frostbite. Water temperatures will          3             1             L
H33                                                                                      the afterdeck when possible.
       be cold enough to cause death in a
       very short time.
                                                                                         Any person working near an open rail must
                                                                                         wear a safety harness.




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6.0 Assess the Level of Risk
                                            (a)            (b)                                                                              6.2
                                                                        Risk Rating
                                            Hazard         Likelihood   = (a) x (b)                                                         Revised
              Description of activities     Consequence                                                                                     Risk Level      6.3 Further Action Necessary
Haz                                                                     High (6 & 9)          6.1 Controls to be Implemented                High
No.           relating to the hazards       3 Major        3 High                                                                                                    (Comments)
                                                                        Medium (4)                                                          Medium
                     identified             2 Serious      2 Medium     Low (1 to 3)                                                        Low
                                            1 Slight       1 Low
                                                                        H M       L                                                         H    M    L
                                                                                       SOC personnel in charge of a small boat
                                                                                       should have a RYA level two small boat
                                                                                       certificate.

                                                                                       All staff should be experienced in small boat
                                                                                       operations with Autosub.
       It may be required for operational
H43    reasons to use one of the ship’s          3             2             H         Lifer jackets must be worn at all times.                  L
       boats.
                                                                                       Two radios, flares, safety throwing line and
                                                                                       lifebelt should be carried.

                                                                                       The mother ship should be on standby to be
                                                                                       able break away from engineering operations
                                                                                       at all times to assist the workboat if required.
                                                                                       Life jackets must be worn at all times in the
                                                                                       vicinity of this area.

       The Autosub gantry is positioned                                                Personnel actively recovering Autosub in this
       on the after deck. There is no                                                  area must have a safety harness when
H45    permenant ship rail under the             3             2             H         practicable.                                              L
       gantry. Operation requires
       personnel to work in this area.                                                 The RP will overview the operation and
                                                                                       should intervene if unsafe situation arises but
                                                                                       this should be done when it is clear and safe to
                                                                                       do so.




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6.0 Assess the Level of Risk
                                               (a)            (b)                                                                             6.2
                                                                           Risk Rating
                                               Hazard         Likelihood   = (a) x (b)                                                        Revised
               Description of activities       Consequence                                                                                    Risk Level      6.3 Further Action Necessary
Haz                                                                        High (6 & 9)          6.1 Controls to be Implemented               High
No.            relating to the hazards         3 Major        3 High                                                                                                   (Comments)
                                                                           Medium (4)                                                         Medium
                      identified               2 Serious      2 Medium     Low (1 to 3)                                                       Low
                                               1 Slight       1 Low
                                                                           H M       L                                                        H    M    L
                                                                                          Individual packs have a label warning of the
                                                                                          potential dangers. This should be read and
       Handling of new and used
                                                                                          understood before handling the battery pack.
       battery packs
                                                                                          Packs should be stored and transported in
       A pack (about 50 in a full load)
                                                                                          properly constructed cases, loaded into
       weighs 10 kg and is built with 72
                                                                                          bespoke glass-fibre trays for installation into
       manganese Alkaline D cells and
                                                                                          Autosub.
H47    therefore contains a lot of energy.
                                                                                                                                                             Refer to attached COSHH
       Mishandling (eg dropping) could              2             2             M                                                                  L
                                                                                          Used batteries should be returned to SOC in                        document and Work Safety
       cause an internal short circuit, not
                                                                                          their transportation cases where they will be                      Instructions
       protected by its thermal or over
                                                                                          disposed of according to Estates and Buildings
       current fuse. Overheating could
                                                                                          Department policy.
       then cause a fire, with risk of small
       explosions of individual cells and
                                                                                          Release of any chemicals from the batteries
       the release of chemicals.
                                                                                          should be dealt with in accordance with the
                                                                                          attached COSHH documents




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6.0 Assess the Level of Risk
                                                (a)            (b)                                                                            6.2
                                                                            Risk Rating
                                                Hazard         Likelihood   = (a) x (b)                                                       Revised
               Description of activities        Consequence                                                                                   Risk Level     6.3 Further Action Necessary
Haz                                                                         High (6 & 9)          6.1 Controls to be Implemented              High
No.            relating to the hazards          3 Major        3 High                                                                                                 (Comments)
                                                                            Medium (4)                                                        Medium
                      identified                2 Serious      2 Medium     Low (1 to 3)                                                      Low
                                                1 Slight       1 Low
                                                                            H M       L                                                       H   M    L
                                                                                           Only experienced personnel should be
                                                                                           permitted to prepare the vehicle for launch.

                                                                                           A written check-list should be maintained to
                                                                                           indicate a set procedure and sequence prior to
       Autosub recovery system
                                                                                           launch.
       To enable recovery, a float made
                                                                                           As soon as the jack-in-the-box is set a safety
       from hard syntactic foam (“jak-in-
                                                                                           pin should be inserted which prevents it from
       the-box) is ejected at the end of a
                                                                                           releasing if fired. Removal of the safety pin
       misssion by a radio command from
                                                                                           should be one of the last items on the pre-
       the ship. The float is ejected using a
H47                                                  2             2             M         launch check-list. A notice on the vehicle             L
       strong spring and is set prior to
                                                                                           should be displayed to warn personnel to keep
       launch.
                                                                                           clear if the pin has been removed. Make sure
                                                                                           this is visible.
       Personnel working on the vehicle
       before launch and after the jack-in-
                                                                                           The most likely cause of accidental firing is by
       the-box is set could be injured if it
                                                                                           turning the main power off. A notice on the
       were to fire accidentally.
                                                                                           power switch should be available to remind
                                                                                           personnel to check safety pin. It is a standing
                                                                                           rule (for several operational reasons) that no
                                                                                           one turns the power off without consulting all
                                                                                           personnel working on the vehicle.
       Autosub test mission                                                                The test mission is initiated from within the
                                                                                           lab but it should be observed by an
       Prior to launch a short test mission                                                experienced team member who is in contact
H47    forms part of the pre-procedure.              2             2             M         either visually or by radio with the lab               L
       This involves running the propeller                                                 operator. The observer should ensures no
       on deck, which could cause injury                                                   personnel are in close proximity to the
       to personnel.                                                                       propeller.




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6.0 Assess the Level of Risk
                                          (a)            (b)                                                                            6.2
                                                                      Risk Rating
                                          Hazard         Likelihood   = (a) x (b)                                                       Revised
              Description of activities   Consequence                                                                                   Risk Level      6.3 Further Action Necessary
Haz                                                                   High (6 & 9)          6.1 Controls to be Implemented              High
No.           relating to the hazards     3 Major        3 High                                                                                                  (Comments)
                                                                      Medium (4)                                                        Medium
                     identified           2 Serious      2 Medium     Low (1 to 3)                                                      Low
                                          1 Slight       1 Low
                                                                      H M       L                                                       H    M    L
                                                                                     All personnel must undergo a rigorous
                                                                                     medical and dental check before leaving.
                                                                                     There is also the ship’s own doctor and
                                                                                     medical supplies on hand for assistance.
       Working in remote areas of the
       world                                                                         In addition, all serious accidents or dangerous
H47                                            3             3             H         occurrences must be reported immediately to             L
       Some areas may be a long way                                                  the relevant shore management by whatever
       from otside medical assistance                                                means possible i.e. telephone, e-mail, fax etc.,
                                                                                     who will provide you with advice and
                                                                                     assistance and decide the most appropriate
                                                                                     course of action to help you through the
                                                                                     emergency.


SH01                                                                      Please refer to COSHH Assessment



       Ship borne personnel may be                                                   Ship borne personnel are all professional
RG08   affected by the Autosub team’s          2             2             M         seafarers on whom the Autosub Team often                L
       work                                                                          rely for advice and guidance
                                                                 TAB TO THE END OF TABLE TO INSERT NEW ROWS




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7.0 Attachments
7.1 COSHH Assessments (tick box)                                                              Names of Chemicals/Trade Names (Manufacturer)
                                                               Manganese Alkaline Batteries Rayovac / Duracell
        Not Required                     Attached

7.2 Work Safety Instructions/ Permits to Work (tick box)                                               Titles/Permits to Work Number
                                                               Safe Use of MnAlkBatteries
        Not Required                     Attached

7.3 Lone Working Checklist (tick box)                                                                           Titles

        Not Required                     Attached


8.0 Assessor Details (original assessor)
Name of Assessor           Signature                               Date        Name of Line Manager                      Signature                         Date
Nick Millard                                                      10/06/02

9.0 Assessment Review
Name of Reviewer                  Date of Review               Reviewers Comments                                        Line Manager’s Signature          Date
Nick Millard                            19/09/02               Many areas
Nick Millard                            07/01/04               New format
Jason Scott                             24-5-06                reviewed


10.0 Declaration: I have read, understood and will follow the safety precautions in this assessment and associated documents
(To be completed by all workers involved)
Name                       Signature                               Date        Name                                      Signature                         Date




                                 Copies of completed Risk Assessments plus attachments should be sent to the Divisional Safety Officer.




                                                                                                                         RISKFORM Issue 3, 11/04 Page 10

				
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