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CCSS ELA Vertical Alignment K-2

VIEWS: 193 PAGES: 9

									                                                       Mississippi Department of Education
                                      Common Core State Standards for English/Language Arts Vertical Alignment

                    Kindergarten ELA                                                 Grade 1 ELA                                                Grade 2 ELA
            Reading Standards for Literature                               Reading Standards for Literature                        Reading Standards for Literature
                  Key Ideas and Details                                          Key Ideas and Details                                     Key Ideas and Details
RL.K.1. With prompting and support, ask and answer             RL.1.1. Ask and answer questions about key details in a RL.2.1. Ask and answer such questions as who, what,
   questions about key details in a text.                         text.                                                   where, when, why, and how to demonstrate
                                                                                                                          understanding of key details in a text.
RL.K.2. With prompting and support, retell familiar stories,   RL.1.2. Retell stories, including key details, and       RL.2.2. Recount stories, including fables and folktales
   including key details.                                         demonstrate understanding of their central message      from diverse cultures, and determine their central
                                                                  or lesson.                                              message, lesson, or moral.
RL.K.3. With prompting and support, identify characters,       RL.1.3. Describe characters, settings, and major events RL.2.3. Describe how characters in a story respond to
   settings, and major events in a story.                         in a story, using key details.                          major events and challenges.
                    Craft and Structure                                           Craft and Structure                                       Craft and Structure
RL.K.4. Ask and answer questions about unknown words in        RL.1.4. Identify words and phrases in stories or poems RL.2.4. Describe how words and phrases (e.g., regular
  a text.                                                         that suggest feelings or appeal to the senses.          beats, alliteration, rhymes, repeated lines) supply
                                                                                                                          rhythm and meaning in a story, poem, or song.
RL.K.5. Recognize common types of texts (e.g., storybooks,     RL.1.5. Explain major differences between books that RL.2.5. Describe the overall structure of a story,
  poems).                                                         tell stories and books that give information, drawing   including describing how the beginning introduces the
                                                                  on a wide reading of a range of text types.             story and the ending concludes the action.
RL.K.6. With prompting and support, name the author and        RL.1.6. Identify who is telling the story at various     RL.2.6. Acknowledge differences in the points of view of
  illustrator of a story and define the role of each in telling   points in a text.                                       characters, including by speaking in a different voice
  the story.                                                                                                              for each character when reading dialogue aloud.
           Integration of Knowledge and Ideas                            Integration of Knowledge and Ideas                       Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
RL.K.7. With prompting and support, describe the               RL.1.7. Use illustrations and details in a story to      RL.2.7. Use information gained from the illustrations and
  relationship between illustrations and the story in which        describe its characters, setting, or events.             words in a print or digital text to demonstrate
  they appear (e.g., what moment in a story an illustration                                                                 understanding of its characters, setting, or plot.
  depicts.)
RL.K.8. (Not applicable to literature)                          RL.1.8. (Not applicable to literature)                 RL.2.8. (Not applicable to literature)
RL.K.9. With prompting and support, compare and contrast RL.1.9. Compare and contrast the adventures and               RL.2.9. Compare and contrast two or more versions of the
  the adventures and experiences of characters in familiar          experiences of characters in stories.                  same story (e.g., Cinderella stories) by different
  stories.                                                                                                                 authors or from different cultures.
    Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity                 Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity           Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
RL.K.10. Actively engage in group reading activities with       RL.1.10. With prompting and support, read prose and    RL.2.10. By the end of the year, read and comprehend
  purpose and understanding.                                      poetry of appropriate complexity for grade 1.            literature, including stories and poetry, in the grades
                                                                                                                           2-3 text complexity band proficiently, with
                                                                                                                           scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.




                                                                                                                                                                            1 of 9
                                                         Mississippi Department of Education
                                        Common Core State Standards for English/Language Arts Vertical Alignment

                     Kindergarten ELA                                                     Grade 1 ELA                                               Grade 2 ELA
         Reading Standards for Informational Text                        Reading Standards for Informational Text                  Reading Standards for Informational Text
                       Key Ideas and Details                                          Key Ideas and Details                                    Key Ideas and Details
RI.K.1. With prompting and support, ask and answer                  RI.1.1. Ask and answer questions about key details in RI.2.1. Ask and answer such questions as who, what,
   questions about key details in a text.                            a text.                                                    where, when, why, and how to demonstrate
                                                                                                                                understanding of key details in a text.
RI.K.2. With prompting and support, identify the main topic         RI.1.2. Identify the main topic and retell key details  RI.2.2. Identify the main topic of a multiparagraph text as
   and retell key details of a text.                                     of a text.                                             well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the
                                                                                                                                text.
RI.K.3. With prompting and support, describe the connection         RI.1.3. Describe the connection between two             RI.2.3. Describe the connection between a series of
   between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of                individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information     historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps
   information in a text.                                              in a text.                                               in technical procedures in a text.
                     Craft and Structure                                              Craft and Structure                                        Craft and Structure
RI.K.4. With prompting and support, ask and answer                  RI.1.4. Ask and answer questions to help determine      RI.2.4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases in a
   questions about unknown words in a text.                            or clarify the meaning of words and phrases in a        text relevant to a grade 2 topic or subject area.
                                                                       text.
RI.K.5. Identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a   RI.1.5. Know and use various text features (e.g.,       RI.2.5. Know and use various text features (e.g., captions,
   book.                                                               headings, tables of contents, glossaries, electronic    bold print, subheadings, glossaries, indexes, electronic
                                                                       menus, icons) to locate the key facts or                menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a
                                                                       information in a text.                                  text efficiently.
RI.K.6. Name the author and illustrator of a text and define the    RI.1.6. Distinguish between information provided by RI.2.6. Identify the main purpose of a text, including
   role of each in presenting the ideas or information in a text.      pictures or other illustrations and information         what the author wants to answer, explain, or describe.
                                                                       provided by the words in a text.
              Integration of Knowledge and Ideas                              Integration of Knowledge and Ideas                       Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
RI.K.7. With prompting and support, describe the relationship       RI.1.7. Use illustrations and details in a story to     RI.2.7. Explain how specific images (e.g., a diagram
   between illustrations and the text in which they appear              describe its key ideas.                                showing how a machine works) contribute to and
   (e.g., what person, place, thing, or idea in the text an                                                                    clarify a text.
   illustration depicts).
RI.K.8. With prompting and support, identify the reasons an   RI.1.8. Identify the reasons an author gives to support RI.2.8. Describe how reasons support specific points the
   author gives to support points in a text.                     points in a text.                                       author makes in a text.
RI.K.9. With prompting and support, identify basic            RI.1.9. Identify basic similarities in and differences  RI.2.9. Compare and contrast the most important points
   similarities in and differences between two texts on the      between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in           presented by two texts on the same topic.
   same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or          illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).
   procedures).
     Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity              Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity             Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
RI.K.10. Actively engage in group reading activities with     RI.1.10. With prompting and support, read               RI.2.10. By the end of the year, read and comprehend
   purpose and understanding.                                    informational texts appropriately complex for           informational texts, including history/social studies,
                                                                 grade 1.                                                science, and technical texts, in the grades 2-3 text
                                                                                                                         complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as
                                                                                                                         needed at the high end of the range.


                                                                                                                                                                                   2 of 9
                                                     Mississippi Department of Education
                                    Common Core State Standards for English/Language Arts Vertical Alignment

                     Kindergarten ELA                                              Grade 1 ELA                                            Grade 2 ELA
         Reading Standards for Foundational Skills                Reading Standards for Foundational Skills                Reading Standards for Foundational Skills
                         Print Concepts                                           Print Concepts                                         Print Concepts
RF.K.1. Demonstrate understanding of the organization and RF.1.1. Demonstrate understanding of the organization (No standard for grade 2.)
   basic features of print.                                    and basic features of print.
 RF.K.1.a. Follow words from left to right, top to bottom,     RF.1.1.a. Recognize the distinguishing features of a
 and page by page.                                             sentence (e.g., first word, capitalization, ending
                                                               punctuation).
 RF.K.1.b. Recognize that spoken words are represented in
 written language by specific sequences of letters.
 RF.K.1.c. Understand that words are separated by spaces
 in print.
 RF.K.1.d. Recognize and name all upper- and lowercase
 letters of the alphabet.
                   Phonological Awareness                                   Phonological Awareness                                   Phonological Awareness
RF.K.2. Demonstrate understanding of spoken words,          RF.1.2. Demonstrate understanding of spoken words,      (No standard for grade 2.)
   syllables, and sounds (phonemes).                           syllables, and sounds (phonemes).
 RF.K.2.a. Recognize and produce rhyming words.                RF.1.2.a. Distinguish long from short vowel sounds
                                                               in spoken single-syllable words.
 RF.K.2.b. Count, pronounce, blend, and segment                RF.1.2.b. Orally produce single-syllable words by
 syllables in spoken words.                                    blending sounds (phonemes), including consonant
                                                               blends.
 RF.K.2.c. Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-       RF.1.2.c. Isolate and pronounce initial, medial
 syllable spoken words.                                        vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in spoken
                                                               single-syllable words.
 RF.K.2.d. Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel,    RF.1.2.d. Segment spoken single-syllable words into
 and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme                  their complete sequence of individual sounds
 (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC words. (This does          (phonemes).
 not include CVCs ending with /l/r/, or /x/.)
 RF.K.2.e. Add or substitute individual sounds
 (phonemes) in simple, one-syllable words to make new
 words.




                                                                                                                                                                   3 of 9
                                                     Mississippi Department of Education
                                    Common Core State Standards for English/Language Arts Vertical Alignment

                       Kindergarten ELA                                          Grade 1 ELA                                                 Grade 2 ELA
      Reading Standards for Foundational Skills con’t        Reading Standards for Foundational Skills con’t             Reading Standards for Foundational Skills con’t
               Phonics and Word Recognition                           Phonics and Word Recognition                                 Phonics and Word Recognition
RF.K.3. Know and apply grade-level phonics and word         RF.1.3. Know and apply grade-level phonics and word       RF.2.3. Know and apply grade-level phonics and word
 analysis skills in decoding words.                          analysis skills in decoding words.                          analysis skills in decoding words.
 RF.K.3.a. Demonstrate basic knowledge of one-to-one          RF.1.3.a. Know the spelling-sound correspondences         RF.2.3.a. Distinguish long and short vowels when
 letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary or     for common consonant digraphs.                            reading regularly spelled one-syllable words.
 many of the most frequent sounds for each consonant.
 RF.K.3.b. Associate the long and short sounds with            RF.1.3.b. Decode regularly spelled one-syllable            RF.2.3.b. Know spelling-sound correspondences for
 common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels.       words.                                                    additional common vowel teams.
 RF.K.3.c. Read common high-frequency words by sight           RF.1.3.c. Know final –e and common vowel team             RF.2.3.c. Decode regularly spelled two-syllable words
 (e.g., the, of, to, you, she, my, is, are, do, does).         conventions for representing long vowel sounds.           with long vowels.
 RF.K.3.d. Distinguish between similarly spelled words by      RF.1.3.d. Use knowledge that every syllable must          RF.2.3.d. Decode words with common prefixes and
 identifying the sounds of the letters that differ.              have a vowel sound to determine the number of           suffixes.
                                                                 syllables in a printed word.
                                                               RF.1.3.e. Decode two-syllable words following             RF.2.3.e. Identify words with inconsistent but
                                                               basic patterns by breaking the words into syllables.      common spelling-sound correspondences.
                                                               RF.1.3.f. Read words with inflectional endings.           RF.2.3.f. Recognize and read grade- appropriate
                                                                                                                         irregularly spelled words.
                                                               RF.1.3.g. Recognize and read grade-appropriate
                                                                  irregularly spelled words.
                        Fluency                                                     Fluency                                                    Fluency
RF.K.4. Read emergent-reader texts with purpose and         RF.1.4. Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to      RF.2.4. Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to
 understanding.                                                support comprehension.                                    support comprehension.
                                                               RF.1.4.a. Read on-level text with purpose and             RF.2.4.a. Read on-level text with purpose and
                                                               understanding.                                            understanding.
                                                               RF.1.4.b. Read on-level text orally with accuracy,        RF.2.4.b. Read on-level text orally with accuracy,
                                                               appropriate rate, and expression on successive            appropriate rate, and expression on successive
                                                               readings.                                                 readings.
                                                               RF.1.4.c. Use context to confirm or self-correct          RF.2.4.c. Use context to confirm or self-correct word
                                                               word recognition and understanding, rereading as          recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.
                                                               necessary.




                                                                                                                                                                           4 of 9
                                                       Mississippi Department of Education
                                      Common Core State Standards for English/Language Arts Vertical Alignment

                     Kindergarten ELA                                                Grade 1 ELA                                             Grade 2 ELA
                      Writing Standards                                           Writing Standards                                       Writing Standards
                   Text Types and Purposes                                    Text Types and Purposes                                 Text Types and Purposes
W.K.1. Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and           W.1.1. Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the W.2.1. Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the
  writing to compose opinion pieces in which they tell a         topic or name the book they are writing about, state   topic or book they are writing about, state an opinion,
  reader the topic or the name of the book they are writing      an opinion, supply a reason for the opinion, and       supply reasons that support the opinion, use linking
  about and state an opinion or preference about the topic       provide some sense of closure.                         words (e.g., because, and, also) to connect opinion and
  or book (e.g., My favorite book is . . .).                                                                            reasons, and provide a concluding statement or
                                                                                                                        section.
W.K.2. Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and           W.1.2. Write informative/ explanatory texts in which    W.2.2. Write informative/ explanatory texts in which they
  writing to compose informative/explanatory texts in            they name a topic, supply some facts about the         introduce a topic, use facts and definitions to develop
  which they name what they are writing about and supply         topic, and provide some sense of closure.              points, and provide a concluding statement or section.
  some information about the topic.
W.K.3. Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and           W.1.3. Write narratives in which they recount two or    W.2.3. Write narratives in which they recount a well-
  writing to narrate a single event or several loosely linked    more appropriately sequenced events, include some      elaborated event or short sequence of events, include
  events, tell about the events in the order in which they       details regarding what happened, use temporal          details to describe actions, thoughts, and feelings, use
  occurred, and provide a reaction to what happened.             words to signal event order, and provide some sense    temporal words to signal event order, and provide a
                                                                 of closure.                                            sense of closure.
           Production and Distribution of Writing                     Production and Distribution of Writing                  Production and Distribution of Writing
W.K.4. (Begins in grade 3.)                                   W.1.4. (Begins in grade 3.)                             W.2.4. (Begins in grade 3.)
W.K.5. With guidance and support from adults, respond to W.1.5. With guidance and support from adults, focus          W.2.5. With guidance and support from adults, focus on a
  questions and suggestions from peers and add details to        on a topic, respond to questions and suggestions       topic and strengthen writing as needed by revising and
  strengthen writing as needed.                                  from peers, and add details to strengthen writing as   editing.
                                                                 needed.
W.K.6. With guidance and support from adults, explore a       W.1.6. With guidance and support from adults, use a     W.2.6. With guidance and support from adults, use a
  variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing,       variety of digital tools to produce and publish        variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing,
  including in collaboration with peers.                         writing, including in collaboration with peers.        including in collaboration with peers.
       Research to Build and Present Knowledge                      Research to Build and Present Knowledge                  Research to Build and Present Knowledge
W.K.7. Participate in shared research and writing projects    W.1.7. Participate in shared research and writing       W.2.7. Participate in shared research and writing projects
  (e.g., explore a number of books by a favorite author and      projects (e.g., explore a number of “how-to” books     (e.g., read a number of books on a single topic to
  express opinions about them).                                  on a given topic and use them to write a sequence of   produce a report; record science observations).
                                                                 instructions).
W.K.8. With guidance and support from adults, recall          W.1.8. With guidance and support from adults, recall    W.2.8. Recall information from experiences or gather
  information from experiences or gather information from         information from experiences or gather information     information from provided sources to answer a
  provided sources to answer a question.                          from provided sources to answer a question.            question.
W.K.9. (Begins in grade 4.)                                   W.1.9. (Begins in grade 4.)                             W.2.9. (Begins in grade 4.)
                      Range of Writing                                            Range of Writing                                         Range of Writing
W.K.10. (Begins in grade 3.)                                  W.1.10. (Begins in grade 3.)                            W.2.10. (Begins in grade 3.)




                                                                                                                                                                          5 of 9
                                                        Mississippi Department of Education
                                       Common Core State Standards for English/Language Arts Vertical Alignment

                      Kindergarten ELA                                               Grade 1 ELA                                               Grade 2 ELA
             Speaking and Listening Standards                            Speaking and Listening Standards                          Speaking and Listening Standards
              Comprehension and Collaboration                            Comprehension and Collaboration                           Comprehension and Collaboration
SL.K.1. Participate in collaborative conversations with      SL.1.1. Participate in collaborative conversations with SL.2.1. Participate in collaborative conversations with
   diverse partners about kindergarten topics and texts with    diverse partners about grade 1 topics and texts with      diverse partners about grade 2 topics and texts with
   peers and adults in small and larger groups.                 peers and adults in small and larger groups.              peers and adults in small and larger groups.
   SL.K.1.a. Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions (e.g.,    SL.1.1.a. Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions        SL.2.1.a. Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions
   listening to others and taking turns speaking about the      (e.g., listening to others with care, speaking one at a   (e.g., gaining the floor in respectful ways, listening to
   topics and texts under discussion).                          time about the topics and texts under discussion).        others with care, speaking one at a time about the
                                                                                                                          topics and texts under discussion).
   SL.K.1.b. Continue a conversation through multiple           SL.1.1.b. Build on others’ talk in conversations by       SL.2.1.b. Build on others’ talk in conversations by
   exchanges.                                                   responding to the comments of others through              linking their comments to the remarks of others.
                                                                multiple exchanges.
                                                                SL.1.1.c. Ask questions to clear up any confusion         SL.2.1.c. Ask for clarification and further explanation
                                                                about the topics and texts under discussion.              as needed about the topics and texts under discussion.
SL.K.2. Confirm understanding of a text read aloud or        SL.1.2. Ask and answer questions about key details in a SL.2.2. Recount or describe key ideas or details from a
   information presented orally or through other media by       text read aloud or information presented orally or        text read aloud or information presented orally or
   asking and answering questions about key details and         through other media.                                      through other media.
   requesting clarification if something is not understood.
SL.K.3. Ask and answer questions in order to seek help, get SL.1.3. Ask and answer questions about what a speaker SL.2.3. Ask and answer questions about what a speaker
   information, or clarify something that is not understood.    says in order to gather additional information or         says in order to clarify comprehension, gather
                                                                clarify something that is not understood.                 additional information, or deepen understanding of a
                                                                                                                          topic or issue.
            Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas                        Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas                        Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas
SL.K.4. Describe familiar people, places, things, and events SL.1.4. Describe people, places, things, and events and, SL.2.4. Tell a story or recount an experience with
   and, with prompting and support, provide additional          with relevant details, expressing ideas and feelings       appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details,
   detail.                                                      clearly.                                                   speaking audibly in coherent sentences.
SL.K.5. Add drawings or other visual displays to             SL.1.5. Add drawings or other visual displays to           SL.2.5. Create audio recordings of stories or poems; add
   descriptions as desired to provide additional detail.        descriptions when appropriate to clarify ideas,            drawings or other visual displays to stories or
                                                                thoughts, and feelings.                                    recounts of experiences when appropriate to clarify
                                                                                                                           ideas, thoughts, and feelings.
SL.K.6. Speak audibly and express thoughts, feelings, and SL.1.6. Produce complete sentences when appropriate SL.2.6. Produce complete sentences when appropriate to
   ideas clearly.                                               to task and situation. (See grade 1 language              task and situation in order to provide requested detail
                                                                standards 1 and 3 on page 26 for specific                 or clarification. (See grade 2 language standards 1 and
                                                                expectations).                                            3 on pages 26 and 27 for specific expectations).




                                                                                                                                                                             6 of 9
                                                        Mississippi Department of Education
                                       Common Core State Standards for English/Language Arts Vertical Alignment

                    Kindergarten ELA                                                   Grade 1 ELA                                               Grade 2 ELA
                    Language Standards                                            Language Standards                                        Language Standards
             Conventions of Standard English                               Conventions of Standard English                            Conventions of Standard English
L.K.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of               L.1.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of          L.2.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of
   standard English grammar and usage when writing or             standard English grammar and usage when writing           standard English grammar and usage when writing or
   speaking.                                                      or speaking.                                              speaking.
   L.K.1.a. Print many upper- and lowercase letters.              L.1.1.a. Print all upper- and lowercase letters.          L.2.1.a. Use collective nouns (e.g., group).
   L.K.1.b.Use frequently occurring nouns and verbs.               L.1.1.b. Use common, proper, and possessive nouns.       L.2.1.b. Form and use frequently occurring irregular
                                                                                                                            plural nouns (e.g., feet, children, teeth, mice, fish).
   L.K.1.c. Form regular plural nouns orally by adding /s/        L.1.1.c. Use singular and plural nouns with matching      L.2.1.c. Use reflexive pronouns (e.g., myself,
   or /es/ (e.g.., dog, dogs; wish, wishes).                      verbs in basic sentences (e.g., He hops; We hop).         ourselves).
   L.K.1.d. Understand and use question words                     L.1.1.d. Use personal, possessive, and indefinite         L.2.1.d. Form and use the past tense of frequently
   (interrogatives) (e.g., who. what, where, when, why,           pronouns (e.g., I, me, my; they, them, their; anyone,     occurring irregular verbs (e.g., sat, hid, told).
   how).                                                          everything).
   L.K.1.e. Use the most frequently occurring prepositions        L.1.1.e. Use verbs to convey a sense of past, present,    L.2.1.e. Use adjectives and adverbs, and choose
   (e.g., to, from, in, out, on, off, for, of, by, with).         and future (e.g., Yesterday I walked home; Today I        between them depending on what is to be modified.
                                                                  walk home; Tomorrow I will walk home).
   L.K.1.f. Produce and expand complete sentences in              L.1.1.f. Use frequently occurring adjectives.             L.2.1.f. Produce, expand, and rearrange complete
   shared language activities.                                                                                              simple and compound sentences (e.g., The boy
                                                                                                                            watched the movie; The little boy watched the movie;
                                                                                                                            The action movie was watched by the little boy.)
                                                                  L.1.1.g. Use frequently occurring conjunctions (e.g.,
                                                                  and, but, or, so, because).
                                                                  L.1.1.h. Use determiners (e.g., articles,
                                                                  demonstratives).
                                                                  L.1.1.i. Use frequently occurring prepositions (e.g.,
                                                                  during, beyond, toward).
                                                                  L.1.1.j. Produce and expand complete simple and
                                                                  compound declarative, interrogative, imperative, and
                                                                  exclamatory sentences in response to prompts.
L.K.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of               L.1.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of          L.2.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of
   standard English capitalization, punctuation, and              standard English capitalization, punctuation, and         standard English capitalization, punctuation, and
   spelling when writing.                                         spelling when writing.                                    spelling when writing.
   L.K.2.a. Capitalize the first word in a sentence and the       L.1.2.a. Capitalize dates and names of people.            L.2.2.a. Capitalize holidays, product names, and
   pronoun I.                                                                                                               geographic names.
   L.K.2.b. Recognize and name end punctuation.                   L.1.2.b. Use end punctuation for sentences.               L.2.2.b. Use commas in greetings and closings of
                                                                                                                                 letters.
   L.K.2.c. Write a letter or letters for most consonant and      L.1.2.c. Use commas in dates and to separate single       L.2.2.c. Use an apostrophe to form contractions and
   short-vowel sounds (phonemes).                                 words in a series.                                        frequently occurring possessives.



                                                                                                                                                                              7 of 9
                                                            Mississippi Department of Education
                                           Common Core State Standards for English/Language Arts Vertical Alignment

                     Kindergarten ELA                                                        Grade 1 ELA                                              Grade 2 ELA
                Language Standards con’t                                              Language Standards con’t                                 Language Standards con’t
            Conventions of Standard English con’t                             Conventions of Standard English con’t                      Conventions of Standard English con’t
   L.K.2.d. Spell simple words phonetically, drawing on                  L.1.2.d. Use conventional spelling for words with         L.2.2.d. Generalize learned spelling patterns when
   knowledge of sound-letter relationships.                              common spelling patterns and for frequently               writing words (e.g., cage→badge; boy →boil).
                                                                         occurring irregular words.
                                                                         L.1.2.e. Spell untaught words phonetically, drawing      L.2.2.e. Consult reference materials, including
                                                                         on phonemic awareness and spelling conventions.          beginning dictionaries, as needed to check and correct
                                                                                                                                  spellings.
                   Knowledge of Language                                              Knowledge of Language                                     Knowledge of Language
L.K.3. (Begins in grade 2.)                                           L.1.3. Begins in grade 2.)                              L.2.3. Use knowledge of language and its conventions
                                                                                                                                 when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
                                                                                                                                 L.2.3.a. Compare formal and informal uses of English.
             Vocabulary Acquisition and Use                                       Vocabulary Acquisition and Use                           Vocabulary Acquisition and Use
L.K.4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and                L.1.4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown      L.2.4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and
   multiple-meaning words and phrases based on                           and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on         multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 2
   kindergarten reading and content.                                     grade 1 reading and content, choosing flexibly from     reading and content, choosing flexibly from an array
                                                                         an array of strategies.                                 of strategies.
   L.K.4.a. Identify new meanings for familiar words and                 L.1.4.a. Use sentence-level context as a clue to the    L.2.4.a. Use sentence-level context as a clue to the
   apply them accurately (e.g., knowing duck is a bird and               meaning of a word or phrase.                                meaning of a word or phrase.
   learning the verb to duck).
   L.K.4.b. Use the most frequently occurring inflections                L.1.4.b. Use frequently occurring affixes as a clue to    L.2.4.b. Determine the meaning of the new word
   and affixes (e.g., -ed, -s, re-, pre-, -ful, -less) as a clue to      the meaning of a word.                                       formed when a known prefix is added to a known
   the meaning of an unknown word.                                                                                                    word (e.g., happy/unhappy; tell/retell).
                                                                         L.1.4.c. Identify frequently occurring root words         L.2.4.c. Use a known root word as a clue to the
                                                                         (e.g., look) and their inflectional forms (e.g., looks,      meaning of an unknown word with the same root
                                                                         looked, looking).                                            (e.g., addition, additional).
                                                                                                                                   L.2.4.d. Use knowledge of the meaning of individual
                                                                                                                                      words to predict the meaning of compound words
                                                                                                                                      (e.g., birdhouse, lighthouse, housefly, bookshelf,
                                                                                                                                      notebook, bookmark).
                                                                                                                                   L.2.4.e. Use glossaries and beginning dictionaries,
                                                                                                                                      both print and digital, to determine or clarify the
                                                                                                                                      meaning of words and phrases.




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                                                      Mississippi Department of Education
                                     Common Core State Standards for English/Language Arts Vertical Alignment

                    Kindergarten ELA                                                  Grade 1 ELA                                                 Grade 2 ELA
                Language Standards con’t                                       Language Standards con’t                                   Language Standards con’t
          Vocabulary Acquisition and Use con’t                          Vocabulary Acquisition and Use con’t                        Vocabulary Acquisition and Use con’t
L.K.5. With guidance and support from adults, explore         L.1.5. With guidance and support from adults,              L.2.5. Demonstrate understanding of word relationships
   word relationships and nuances in word meanings.              demonstrate understanding of word relationships            and nuances in word meanings.
                                                                 and nuances in word meanings.
   L.K.5.a. Sort common objects into categories (e.g.,           L.1.5.a. Sort words into categories (e.g., colors,         L.2.5.a. Identify real-life connections between words
   shapes, foods) to gain a sense of the concepts the            clothing) to gain a sense of the concepts the              and their use (e.g., describe foods that are spicy or
   categories represent.                                         categories represent.                                      juicy).
   L.K.5.b. Demonstrate understanding of frequently              L.1.5.b. Define words by category and by one or            L.2.5.b. Distinguish shades of meaning among closely
   occurring verbs and adjectives by relating them to their      more key attributes (e.g., a duck is a bird that swims;    related verbs (e.g., toss, throw, hurl) and closely
   opposites (antonyms).                                         a tiger is a large cat with stripes).                      related adjectives (e.g., thin, slender, skinny, scrawny).
   L.K.5.c. Identify real-life connections between words         L.1.5.c. Identify real-life connections between
   and their use (e.g., note places at school that are           words and their use (e.g., note places at home that
   colorful).                                                    are cozy).
   L.K.5.d. Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs            L.1.5.d. Distinguish shades of meaning among verbs
   describing the same general action (e.g., walk, march,        differing in manner (e.g., look, peek, glance, stare,
   strut, prance) by acting out the meanings.                    glare, scowl) and adjectives differing in intensity
                                                                 (e.g., large, gigantic) by defining or choosing them
                                                                 or by acting out the meanings.
L.K.6. Use words and phrases acquired through                 L.1.6. Use words and phrases acquired through              L.2.6. Use words and phrases acquired through
   conversations, reading and being read to, and responding      conversations, reading and being read to, and              conversations, reading and being read to, and
   to texts.                                                     responding to texts, including using frequently            responding to texts, including using adjectives and
                                                                 occurring conjunctions to signal simple relationships      adverbs to describe (e.g., When other kids are happy
                                                                 (e.g., I named my hamster Nibblet because she              that makes me happy).
                                                                 nibbles too much because she likes that).




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