Folklore_ Legends_ Fables_ and Myths

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					Folklore, Legends,
Fables, and Myths.
Traditional Literature
   Traditional Literature contains
    something that appeals to all interests:
    humorous stories, magical stories and
    adventure stories.
   Traditional tales have been handed
    down from generation to generation by
    word of mouth.
Types of Traditional Lit.
   Types of Traditional Literature
   Folktales
   Fables
   Myths
   Legends
Plot in Folktales
   Contains lots of conflict and action
   Conflict between characters representing
    good and evil is typical of folktales
   Reoccurring actions account for the
    uniformity and repetitiveness of folktales
   Most folktales end with some version of “and
    they lived happily ever after”
Folktales Characterizations
   Folktale characters are less completely
    developed than are characters in other
    types of stories
   Characters are easily typed as bad and
    are accompanied by those who are
    always good
   Folktales usually establish the main
    characters’ natures early on
Theme in Folktales
   Folktales contain universal truths and
    reflect the values of the times and societies
    in which they originated, many of which are
    still honored today
   Brief tales in which animal characters that talk
    and act like humans indicate a moral lesson or
    satirize human conduct
   Legend credits the origin of the fable in
    Western culture to a Greek slave named
    Aesop, who lived in the sixth century B.C.
    Aesop’s nimble wit supposedly got Aesop’s
    master out of numerous difficulties
   In contemporary editions, fables are popular
    subjects for modern storytellers and
Characteristics of Fables
   They are fiction in the sense that they did not
    really happen
   They are meant to entertain
   They are poetic, with double or allegorical
   They are moral tales, usually with animal
   Fables are short, and they usually have no
    more than two or three characters
   A myth is a story that explains why
    things happen. These stories are
    roughly based on truth.
   Early legends usually enlarged upon the
    lives of religious figures, such as
    martyrs and saints. In more recent
    times, legends developed around royal
    figures and folk heroes and heroines
Which is a myth, which is a fable,
which is a legend?

   A traditional story based on truth but which
    has had bits added.
   A traditional story of gods or heroes which
    tries to explain why people or things are
    like they are
   A short story which has been written to give
    a message
   A myth
   A legend
   A fable

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