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Declaration of Independence Declaration of Independence Adopted

VIEWS: 5 PAGES: 12

  • pg 1
									Declaration of Independence
       Adopted July 4, 1776
Written by:   Thomas Jefferson
Jefferson was influenced by:
  A) Jean-Jacques Rousseau (French Philosopher)
     Idea of equality and that people alone had the right
        to determine how to be governed



  B) John Locke (English)
     Idea of Natural Rights of Life, Liberty, & Property



  ** Both wrote about good government
     being a social contract
Jefferson describes (in DOI):

    A) “Unalienable Rights” (can’t be taken away by gov.) such as
       Life, Liberty, & Pursuit of Happiness

    B) Social Contract (gov. is based on consent of the people)

    C) How people may justly rebel against an unfair
       gov. that threatens their rights

    D) List of King George III’s tyrannical acts and explained
        why the USA should be a free nation

 “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are
“The createdof the present King of Great Britain is aCreator of
“Thathistory equal, that theygovernments are their history
       to secure these rights, are endowed by instituted
       whenever and usurpations, all having in
“Thatwith injuriesany form of government becomes
repeated certain unalienable Rights, that among these are
among men, deriving their just powers from the direct object
                                                    consent of
the establishmentandan absolute tyranny overpeople states. To
      Life, Liberty of the it is the right of the these to alter
destructive to these ends,pursuit of Happiness.”
the governed.”
or to abolish it, and be institute new government.”
prove this, let facts to submitted to a candid world.”
Page 1- Rough Draft   Page 2- Rough Draft
Page 3- Rough Draft   Page 4- Rough Draft
200 broadside copies were printed and
  spread among the colonies

*** Only 25 still exist today

This copy of the Declaration of Independence,
known as the Dunlap Broadside, was on
display under glass at the Minnesota History
Center. John Dunlap of Philadelphia printed a
run of official copies on the evening of July 4,
1776. This is one of the 25 which survive to
this day. It was discovered by a Boston man in
                                                    Philadelphia Printer
a frame he bought for $4 in 1989. More                  John Dunlap
recently, TV producer Norman Lear bought it
for $8 million. It is now part of the Declaration
of Independence Road trip.
National Archives, Washington, DC
Library of Congress, Washington, DC (two copies)
Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore
University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA
Independence National Historic Park, Philadelphia
American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia
Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Princeton University, Princeton, NJ
New-York Historical Society
New York Public Library
Pierpont Morgan Library, New York
Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston
Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
Chapin Library, Williams College, Williamstown, MA
Yale University, New Haven, CT
American Independence Museum, Exeter, NH
Maine Historical Society, Portland
Indiana University, Bloomington, IN
Chicago Historical Society
City of Dallas, City Hall
Visual Equities, Inc., Atlanta, GA
Washington, DC (private collector)
Public Record Office, United Kingdom (two copies)
The colonies were now independent states- at
least in theory.


True freedom, though, would not come until
the war ended(1781) and Great Britain
officially recognized the US as an independent
nation.
3:27

								
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