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earth-moon-tides-study-guide

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					1. Why does the Earth have day and night?
2. How long does the Earth’s rotation take?
3. How long does one complete revolution
    around the sun take?
4. Why does the Earth have seasons?
5. Where on Earth are the sun’s rays the
    most direct?
6. Why do we only see one side of the
    moon?
7. What determines which phase of the
    moon you will see?
8. What will you see when the moon goes
    from a new moon to a full moon?
9. Which two phases of the moon have the
    same amount of light visible from Earth?
10. What has to happen for a solar eclipse to
    occur?
11. During what phase can a lunar eclipse
    occur?
12. Why don’t we see a lunar eclipse every
    month?
13. What are tides mainly caused by?
14. What is special about March 21? How
    many hours of daylight compared to
    darkness do you see?
15. What type of eclipse occurs when the
    Moon passes through the Earth’s shadow?
16. What determines the length of a year on
    Earth?
17. How large is the Moon compared to
    Earth?
18. How do Scientists think the Moon was
    formed?
19. What are the round pits or bowls that
    Galileo saw on the Moon called?
20. Why can we see the Moon at night?
21. What is the phase of the Moon during a
    solar eclipse?
22. What is the darkest part of the Moon’s
    shadow called?
23. What caused the craters on the Moon?
24. Where does the sun rise?
25. What does the Earth move around each
    year?
26. Why do day and night occur differently on
    different parts of the Earth?
27. What is the Southern Hemisphere
    experiencing when the Northern
    Hemisphere is experiencing summer?
   28. What angle would Earth’s tilt have to be to
        have no seasons?
   29. How does the gravity on the Moon
        compare to the gravity on Earth?
   30. About how much time does it take the
        Moon to revolve around the Earth?
   31. Why is only one side of the Moon visible
        from earth?
   32. What would happen if Earth’s rotation
        decreased?
   33. What causes the phases of the Moon?
   34. What process did early life-forms use to
        release oxygen into Earth’s atmosphere?
   35. What is our Moon’s atmosphere made of?
Label the different phases of the Moon, below.




       36.             37.              38.               39.




   40.                 41.              42.              43.




By looking at the diagram, determine what phase is at each number.
                      44.




 47.

                                       45.

                      46.

				
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