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Earth Science – Test review I have put up past notes from class on my website here http://www.myteacherpages.com/webpages/MWaterman/news.cfm?subpage=709300 They will be up for the test only; I will take them down after the test. If you have any questions, please email me at email@example.com Answer these questions using complete sentences. Use this as a guide to study from for your test. 1.) What are the 8 steps of the scientific method? 2.) What are three units in the metric system, for example time is measured in seconds. 3.) What are the three major sciences that make up Earth Science (hint, what are we going to study this year?) 4.) What are the 3 major layers of the earth 5.) If the crust is part of the lithosphere, what are the other two parts of the mantle? 6.) What are the two types of crust? What rock types are they? (check your notes) 7.) What are the states of the layers of the earth (solid, liquid, gas) 8.) What is an earthquake? 9.) What is a fault, how does it differ from a fracture? 10.) What is the focus of an earthquake? 11.) What is the epicenter of an earthquake? 12.) What is the shadow zone? 13.) What is the “Moho” is it actually a layer of the earth? 14.) Where do most earthquakes seem to occur? 15.) What are the hanging wall, foot wall, and fault plane? Draw a picture to illustrate. 16.) What is the difference between slip and dip? (Hint, it is the type of movement along the fault plane) 17.) What is a normal fault? 18.) What causes a normal fault to occur? 19.) What is a reverse fault? 20.) What type of motion causes a reverse fault to occur? 21.) What is a strike-slip fault? 22.) What type of motion causes a strike-slip fault to occur? 23.) What is an oblique fault? 24.) What is the difference between slip and creep? Give an example of each. 25.) What is the elastic rebound theory? 26.) What happens when earthquake energy occurs underwater, what is created? 27.) What are some of the reasons that the same magnitude earthquake can cause a wide range of destruction? (think Northridge CA and Kobe, Japan) 28.) What are P waves? 29.) What are 3 characteristics of P waves? 30.) What are S waves? 31.) What are 3 characteristics of S waves?
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