Earth Materials Study Guide by panniuniu

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									                                          UNIT 2 EARTH MATERIALS

                                             TEST STUDY TOPICS

   List and describe the characteristics for the 3 states of matter.
   Explain the processes that allow matter to change phase.
   Know the components of an atom…proton, neutron, electron, and nucleus.
   Identify the mass and atomic #s from the periodic table, and explain their meaning.
   Know the definitions of a molecule, a compound, a mixture, and an ion.
   What are the five things required for matter to be a mineral?
   What are the 2 most abundant elements on earth?
   Be able to distinguish minerals by group. Silicates, elements, carbonates, etc.
   What mineral properties use direct observations and which use indirect observations?
   Know Moh’s scale of hardness and how it is used.
   There are two types of breakage…cleavage and fracture. What do they mean?
   Know which properties are more useful than others and why?
   Know the 3 major rock groups and how each are formed.
   Know how each group is “categorized,” and an example for each.
   Be able to identify a rock based on its origin, texture, and mineral composition.
   Explain how rocks transform into each other by processes in the rock cycle.
   What is the principle of Uniformitarianism and what does it mean?
   What are some common ancient environments?
   What happens to age sedimentary rock the deeper you get in a stratigraphic column?
   What are the 4 ERAS of life in Earth’s history? What existed during each?




                                          UNIT 2 EARTH MATERIALS

                                             TEST STUDY TOPICS

   List and describe the characteristics for the 3 states of matter.
   Explain the processes that allow matter to change phase.
   Know the components of an atom…proton, neutron, electro, and nucleus.
   Identify the mass and atomic #s from the periodic table, and explain their meaning.
   Know the definitions of a molecule, a compound, a mixture, and an ion.
   What are the five things required for matter to be a mineral?
   What are the 2 most abundant elements on earth?
   Be able to distinguish minerals by group. Silicates, elements, carbonates, etc.
   What mineral properties use direct observations and which use indirect observations?
   Know Moh’s scale of hardness and how it is used.
   There are two types of breakage…cleavage and fracture. What do they mean?
   Know which properties are more useful than others and why?
   Know the 3 major rock groups and how each are formed.
   Know how each group is “categorized,” and an example for each.
   Be able to identify a rock based on its origin, texture, and mineral composition.
   Explain how rocks transform into each other by processes in the rock cycle.
   What is the principle of Uniformitarianism and what does it mean?
   What are some common ancient environments?
   What happens to age sedimentary rock the deeper you get in a stratigraphic column?
   What are the 4 ERAS of life in Earth’s history? What existed during each?

								
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