Docstoc

CP13860E10

Document Sample
CP13860E10 Powered By Docstoc
					          PERMANENT COUNCIL OF THE                                             OEA/Ser.K/XVI
       ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES                                         GT/DADIN/doc.208/05
                                                                               7 February 2005
COMMITTEE ON JURIDICAL AND POLITICAL AFFAIRS                                   Original: English

  Working Group to Prepare the Draft American Declaration
           on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples




   FIFTH NEGOTIATION MEETING IN PURSUIT OF POINTS OF CONSENSUS

                        (Hall of the Americas, February 7 to 9, 2005)




        OPENING STATEMENT OF THE CAUCUS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES1/




      1.      Presented by Jorge Fredrick - Movimiento Indígena de Nicaragua
                                                                    All that you do to Mother Earth
                                                                              you do to her children
                                                       We are not the ones who weave the universe,
                                                                  we are but a thread in its tapestry.

       OPENING STATEMENT OF THE CAUCUS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES
   FIFTH MEETING OF NEGOTIATIONS OF THE WORKING GROUP TO PREPARE
 THE DRAFT AMERICAN DECLARATION ON THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES

                                                               Washington D.C., February 7th, 2005



Mr. Luigi R. Einaudi, Acting Secretary General of the Organization of American States,
Ambassador Manuel Maria Cáseres Cardozo, President of the Permanent Council,
Ambassador Juan León, Chair of the Working Group,
Ms. Ana Peña, Vice-Chair of the Working Group,
Dr. Isabel Madariaga of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Distinguished Representatives of the States,
Brothers and Sisters, Distinguished Representatives of Indigenous Peoples:

We, the representatives of the organizations and nations of the Indigenous Peoples of Abya
Ayala, who participate in the Caucus of Indigenous Peoples, greet you respectfully at the Fifth
Meeting of Negotiations in the Quest for Points of Consensus of the Working Group to Prepare
the Draft American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

We thank the Secretariat of the Summit of the Americas and the Specific Fund of voluntary
contributions for the arrangements that make possible the participation of Indigenous Peoples.
We would also like to thank the governments of Finland, the United States, Brazil, Canada and
other donors for their valuable support of that fund.


INDIGENOUS        PEOPLES       AND     REPRESENTATIVES            WISH     TO     EXPRESS      THE
FOLLOWING:

Indigenous Peoples continue to suffer the systematic and constant violation of the collective
rights and the theft of our lands, territories and resources. Many of these violations are committed
because of the desire to exploit our natural resources that we have conserved since time
immemorial. The lack of full recognition of our rights started with colonization and it is urgent
that the national and international systems and institutions assume the task of changing this
situation.

We are pleased by the processes commenced in international bodies as well as the constitutional
reforms and the recent decisions of the Inter American Court of Human Rights that have been
prompted by our struggles.

Nonetheless, Indigenous Peoples continue to be gravely and adversely affected by the imposition
of projects of supposed development and the creation of conservation areas in indigenous
territories against our will that result in the loss of life, identity and source of sustenance of our
peoples, as well as systematic genocide and ethnocide.
                                                      -2-




      The discussion on lands, territories and resources is intrinsically related to the spirituality of the
      Indigenous Peoples of the continent. Indigenous Peoples share a world view of the relationship
      between human beings, nature, Mother Earth and the cosmos. It is a holistic concept and a special
      form of relationship according to which there is not a brusque separation or dichotomy between
      human beings and nature, but rather a dynamic interrelationship. For Indigenous Peoples, this
      relationship with Mother Earth is of vital importance, an issue that will be addressed in this
      session.

      States insist on maintaining concepts such as a mere consultation without ensuring free, prior and
      informed consent; public interest which excludes our ways of life and human rights; and the
      presumption of state control over our natural resources, such as the rights to the subsurface. For
      Indigenous Peoples, these concepts have meant new forms of colonization and theft which have
      not allowed for sustainable development, for democracy, nor for dialogue between Indigenous
      Peoples and States. Self determination of Indigenous Peoples is crucial for the recognition and
      enjoyment of the totality of our human rights, and is necessary for the development of our
      peoples.

      Mr. President,

      We consider that honest, transparent dialogue and the full and effective participation of
      Indigenous Peoples are important components for creating mutual understanding and respect
      between States and Indigenous Peoples. Taking this into account, we have prepared proposals
      which we hope will result in a constructive dialogue and agreements on essential issues for our
      coexistence.

      REGARDING THE DRAFT AMERICAN DECLARATION, WE STATE THAT IT MUST
      INCLUDE:

          1. The recognition of our rights to our lands, territories and resources that we have
             historically and traditionally occupied.

          2. The recognition of our right to free, prior and informed consent

          3. The recognition of our right to the natural resources of the surface and subsurface.

          4. The recognition of our territorial rights to protected areas and our cultural and intellectual
             patrimony.

          5. The recognition of our right to self determination, with which we will achieve equality
             and dignity that will guarantee the continuity of our Peoples.

      Since the beginning of the process we have demanded that States hold national consultations in
      each country on the content of the Draft American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous
      Peoples. We view with concern that even though States have made the commitment to hold
      consultations, they have not done so.
      Mr. President, esteemed delegates, the democratization process that the hemisphere is undergoing
      obliges us to recognize the rights of Indigenous Peoples, who have historically been excluded.
      We hope that States will show that they understand that the rights of Indigenous Peoples are an
      essential part of the foundation of just and democratic societies.

                                                   Thank you.



CP13860E05

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:2
posted:12/18/2011
language:
pages:3