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CASCADE-Overview

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					                            The CASCADE Programme
                                                         From Concept to Operations




                   An overview




European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation
                                                  Strategic Context



                                                                             Airborne
                                                                            Separation

                          LINK 2000+             CASCADE
                        Transfer of Control
 Departure Clearance       Clearances           Initial ADS-B services
 Digital-ATIS           Microphone Check

 Oceanic Clearance     Downlink of Heading,
                                                More CPDLC services
                                                                             Context
                                                                    StrategicTrajectory
                                                More D-FIS services         negotiation
                       Speed, Selected flight
 Classical Radar               level                            Objectives
                         Mode S EHS                             Scope

ACARS
                                                                Approach  Autonomous
                                                                            Separation
         P+S           VDL2
        RADAR                    Mode S         VDL2             ADS-B
                                                                Receiver
                                                       Mode S

        2000>                  2005 >                  2010 >
       SESAR Builds on LINK & CASCADE

Based on future requirements
Building on current plans

LINK & CASCADE will be included




The Longer Term will be Defined
                              Content




             CASCADE

                           System
What?
                          Evolution


        Where?    When?
What is CASCADE?
                                              What is Stream 1?

   Ground Surveillance Applications (ADS-B-out)
         In a radar environment
         In a non-radar environment
         On the airport surface
                                                                      ADS-B
                                                                     Receiver


   CPDLC and D-FIS
                               Automatic-CPDLC
                               Data link taxi
                               Data link operational terminal information

                    VDL2

                                         2008
                                             What is Stream 2?

   Airborne Surveillance Applications (ADS-B-in & TIS-B)
         Situational awareness on the surface
         Airborne situational awareness
         Visual separation on approach
         Sequencing & Merging or In Trail Procedure

   Ground Surveillance Applications (ADS-B-out)
         Airborne Derived Data
   CPDLC and other Services                     Down stream clearance
                                                 Flight Plan Consistency
                                                 Graphical Trajectory Co-ordination


                     VDL2
                                          2011
    What is the Systems Impact? – Stream 1

      ADS-B out - airborne                   CPDLC - airborne
   Mode S transponder                  MCDU
   Extended Squitter enabled           CMU
                                        VHF Mode 2 Radio
                                        No interface to FMS




       ADS-B out - ground                     CPDLC - ground
   Antenna + Receiver                  FDPS adaptation
   Adapted Surveillance Processor      HMI adaptations
    What is the Systems Impact?– Stream 2

          ADS-B-in air                      CPDLC air
   Mode S transponder             MCDU
   Extended Squitter enabled      CMU
   1090 Receiver                  VHF Mode 2 Radio
   Traffic computer               Interface to FMS
   CDTI




                                         CPDLC ground
                                   Better graphical interface
                                                                                     Where? - Validation sites


                          ADS-B-NRA
                                                                            FI




                                                  NO        SE                                                                      CASCADE CRISTAL
ADS-B-RAD                               ADS-B-RAD                                                                                   Trials countries
                                                                               EE

                                                                               LV
                                                                                                                                      ADS-B Ground
                                               ADS-B-RAD
                                              DK                                     AUTO-
                                                                            LT                                           KZ           Station
                     IE                                                              CPDLC
                                                                                     BY
                            GB
             ADS-B                                                                       D-OTIS
                                        NL                          PL
            Test bed                                                                     D-TAXI
                                                                                            UA
                                       BE

                                        LU
                                                                    SK
                                                                    TIS-B
ADS-B-NRA                                                                                MD
                                                            AT
                                  FR                                 HU
ADS-B-RAD                                                                           RO                         GE
                                                                                                                          AZ
                                                            SI HR
                                                                                         ADS-B-NRA                  AM

                                                                                                          ADS-B-NRA
                                                       IT                                                                      IR
       PT                                                                   MK
                ES                                                        AL                         TR
                                                                               GR

                                                                                                          SY             IQ



       MA                    DZ              TN
                                 When? – Stream 1


  Operational          Technical               Economic
    Need               Feasibility              Viability




Simulate
           Standardise               Certify         Commit   Implement
& Trial
                                                              2008
                                           2007
                2006



                Baseline
                               CPDLC Evolution


     En-route            En-route & Airport          En-route & Airport
     Transfer                   D-OTIS
                                                           Advanced
    Clearances                  D-TAXI
                                                            CPDLC
    Mic. check                Auto-CPDLC
     VDL Mode 2                 VDL Mode 2
ATN: LINK message set   ATN: + additional messages

  VDR                                                VDR          FMS


 CMU           MCDU                                  CMU         MCDU
 ATSU         (+DCDU)                                ATSU       (+DCDU)
                                 ADS-B Evolution


En-route & TMA & Airport            En-route & TMA & Airport
                             ADS-B-NRA               ATSA-AIRB
      Mode S ELS             ADS-B-RAD              ATSA-SURF
      Mode S EHS             ADS-B-APT               ATSA-VSA
                                                     ASPA S&M
        1090 MHz           1090 MHz ES - out    1090 MHz ES – in & out

                                                             CDTI
                                  GPS             GPS
        Mode S                    IRS             IRS      Traffic
        XPDR
                                                          Computer
                                Mode S           Mode S
                                XPDR             XPDR      1090 Rx

				
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