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The Munich Massacre

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					The Munich Massacre

    By Francis Smith and Ariana Chavez
                   What is Terrorism?
       The calculated use or threat of violence against someone in
    order to achieve goals that are political or religious or ideological.
                            * ideological = Concerned with or suggestive of ideas




                 What is a massacre?
       Massacre = the savage and excessive killing of many people




http://www.audioenglish.net/dictionary
   What is the Munich Massacre?
• The Munich Massacre occurred in the year 
  1972 in Munich, Germany in the 20th Olympic 
  games.   
                               The Event
• Took place in September 5th, 1972, 4:30 AM.
• 8 Palestinians killed 2 Israeli athletes.
• 9 other Israeli athletes were hostages.




http://www.infoplease.com/spot/summer‐olympics‐munich‐massacre.html
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Terrorism/munich.html
                                Demands
• Demanded 234 Palestinians in Israel to go 
  free.
• Also demanded 2 German terrorist leaders in 
  Frankfurt to go free.
• Wanted a safe passage out of Germany.
• They wanted to go into Egypt.

21 Hours at Munich
http://www.palestinefacts.org/pf_1967to1991_munich.php
                     Responses
• Israel refuses to release the Palestinian prisoners.
• Egypt does not want to be involved, despite that 
  the terrorists wanted to go there.




21 Hours at Munich
                            Bloodbath
• The terrorists and the hostages went to an 
  airport.
• Snipers fired and killed three terrorists.
• Gun fight started.
• All hostages got killed, as well as one 
  policeman and two more terrorists.

http://www.infoplease.com/spot/summer‐olympics‐munich‐massacre.html
                   Effect on the Games
• Olympic flag and most other national flags 
  flew at half‐mast.
• Suspended for one day.




http://www.spiritus‐temporis.com/munich‐massacre/impact‐on‐the‐games.html
                               Aftermath
• October 29th, a Lufthansa jet was hijacked by 
  Palestinian terrorists.
• Demanded the Munich terrorists to be 
  released.
• Germany agreed and released all three 
  remaining Munich terrorists.


http://www.palestinefacts.org/pf_1967to1991_munich.php
                    Questions
1. What was the Munich Massacre?
2. Why did the terrorist target Olympic Athletes?  
3. How did the Munich authorities, Olympic Organization, 
   and the political world at large respond to the event?
4. What happened to the athletes?
5. What happened to the terrorist? 
6. How did this event affect the Olympics?
7. How did world respond to this act of terrorism? How 
   did the United States act?
8. What is the Israeli response to this act? 
9. What was the aftermath of the event?

				
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posted:12/18/2011
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