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									         INTERCONNECTION
            GUIDELINES
             MAMOUN BALQAR
           TELECOMMUNICATIONS
          REGULATORY COMMISSION
                  TRC
                 JORDAN


NOV 03                            1
         INTERCONNECTION
            GUIDELINES
• A regulatory agency needs to have a means by
  which to regulate interconnection in a competitive
  environment.
• Interconnection is best regulated in a pro-active
  (ex-ante) style.
• Rules, terms and conditions of interconnection are
  so complex that they need to be generally outlined
  in the provisions of the law and in the license
  agreements.
• It is, therefore, necessary for a NRA to produce
  specific detailed guidelines for interconnection
  based on the powers that the law gives to the NRA
NOV 03                                                 2
 SCOPE OF THE GUIDELINES (1)
• The guidelines should be applicable equally to all
  Licensees .
• The NRA determines which Licensees are
  Designated and are required to produce Reference
  Interconnection Offers (RIO).
• The Guidelines should not apply to operators of
  private telecom networks and users.
• The guidelines should not set rates for
  interconnection services. However, they must set
  out the methodology by which the rates shall be
  determined.
NOV 03                                                 3
SCOPE OF THE GUIDELINES (2)
• The guidelines should address the development
  and publication of a RIO by Designated Licensees.
• A RIO is a publicly available document published
  by a Designated Licensee defining a standard set
  of technical and commercial terms by which the
  Designated Licensee offers interconnection
  services to other licensees. It forms the basis of a
  transparent offer by the Designated Licensees to
  contract with another party through a standard
  interconnection agreement


NOV 03                                               4
 PURPOSE OF THE GUIDELINES
• To clearly express the policy of NRA with respect
  to the interconnection of public telecom networks.
• To clarify the arrangements for interconnection
  and provision of service between Licensees.
• To assist in ensuring that all licensees are treated
  fairly and in a non-discriminatory manner.
• To help encourage good practice by licensees and
  to promote the provision of high quality services to
  users through technical and economic efficiency.
• To provide a formal process for dealing with
  interconnection disputes.
NOV 03                                               5
    TYPICAL STRUCTURE OF THE
           GUIDELINES
•    Definitions
•   Management of Interconnection
•   Interconnection Services
•   Technical Aspects
•   Interconnection Processes
•   Commercial Aspects
•   Legal terms and conditions
NOV 03                              6
              DEFINITIONS
• It is vitally important that a clear understanding of
  the meaning of the key terms used in the guidelines
  be established.
• It is also important that the definitions in the
  guidelines are consistent with those in the Law and
  the license agreements.
• An order of precedence should be established for
  application in case of ambiguity or conflict between
  the terms defined in the Guidelines and the terms
  defined in the Law or the license agreements

NOV 03                                               7
            MANAGEMENT OF
         INTERCONNECTION (1/3)
• Account Management:
  It is important that the Designated
  Licensees offering interconnection services
  provide a technical and commercial
  “Account Manager “ to deal with other
  Licensees seeking to use or are using their
  services.


NOV 03                                          8
            MANAGEMENT OF
         INTERCONNECTION (2/3)
• Joint Technical Committee
  Interconnected Licensees should establish a
  joint technical committee for discussion and
  agreement on technical, operational,
  planning, billing and service aspects. The
  committee should be authorized to take
  decisions.


NOV 03                                           9
            MANAGEMENT OF
         INTERCONNECTION (3/3)
• Provision of Information
  Designated Licensees should provide
  relevant and sufficient information about
  their networks and services to licensees
  entitled to use these services in order that
  they can conduct network planning,
  financial planning and subsequently operate
  their networks.
• All such information should be subject to
  confidentiality rules.
NOV 03                                       10
INTERCONNECTION SERVICES
                    (Categories)
• The categories of interconnection services include:
  - Call conveyance services.
  - Transmission link services.
  - Interconnection link services
  - Co-location services.
  - Operator services
  - Advanced call services.
  - Number portability services.
• Interconnection services will be discussed in detail
   in a separate presentation

NOV 03                                               11
    TECHNICAL ASPECTS (1/8)
• There should be a section in the guidelines to deal
   with the technical aspects of interconnection of
   telecommunications systems.
• The technical aspects include:
  - Interconnection of public exchanges.
  - Transmission Interconnection.
  - Interconnection of signalling networks.
  - Interface standards and technical requirements.
  - Numbering requirements.
  - Quality of service measures.
• We shall take these aspects in more detail….
NOV 03                                              12
         TECHNICAL ASPECTS (2/8)
         (Interconnection of Public Exchanges)
• Designated Licensees must provide
  information in their RIOs about their
  exchanges that are available for
  interconnection.
• Designated Licensees must provide a list of
  exchange hardware and software
  configuration that they accept for
  interconnection.
• And….


NOV 03                                           13
         TECHNICAL ASPECTS (3/8)
         (Interconnection of Public Exchanges)
• Licensees providing switched interconnection
   services should specify technical rules to be
   followed by other licensees using their services.
• Examples of technical switched interconnection
   rules include:
  - Number of interconnection links
  - Interconnection link capacities
  - Requirements to interconnect to specific
   exchanges
  - Signalling requirements

NOV 03                                                 14
         TECHNICAL ASPECTS (4/8)
           (Transmission Interconnection)
• This section of the Guidelines concerns the
  technical aspects of the transmission used to
  interconnect the networks of licensees in
  order to provide interconnection services.
• The main parts of these technical aspects
  are:
  - Points of Interconnection
  - Interconnection extension circuits
  -Transmission technologies
NOV 03                                        15
         TECHNICAL ASPECTS (5/8)
     (Interconnection of Signalling Networks)
• The Guidelines should oblige Designated
  Licensees to specify the signalling
  configuration to be used on interconnection
  links within their RIOs.
• Designated Licensees must notify
  interconnected licensees of any modification
  in the adopted signalling system sufficiently
  in advance.

NOV 03                                          16
       TECHNICAL ASPECTS (6/8)
   (Interface Standards & Requirements)
• The Guidelines should contain clauses to
  oblige the Designated Licensees to state the
  interface standards used for interconnection
  within their RIOs.
• Licensees offering interconnection services
  must provide reasonable notice to
  interconnected licensees of any
  modifications to he technical interface
  standards.

NOV 03                                       17
         TECHNICAL ASPESTS (7/8)
                (Numbering)
• The guidelines should contain clauses to
  oblige Designated Licensees to provide
  details of the number ranges which are
  hosted on each of their local exchanges.
• Designated Mobile Licensees must also be
  obliged to provide, upon request, details of
  active number ranges to other licensees and
  to the NRA.

NOV 03                                           18
         TECHNICAL ASPECTS (8/8)
              (Quality of Service)
• The Guidelines should stipulate that
  Designated Licensees providing call
  conveyance services must do so with the
  same quality of service for calls carried
  wholly on their own networks.
• Designated Licensees must define within
  their RIOs a number of QoS measures that
  they provide to, and expect from,
  interconnected licensees.

NOV 03                                        19
         INTERCONNECTION
             PROCESSES
•   Interconnection provisioning processes.
•   Interconnection operations processes.
•   Interconnection maintenance processes.
•   Planned engineering works.
•   System protection and safety.



NOV 03                                        20
COMMERCIAL ASPECTS (1/2)
• Charges and payments
  - Principles of charging.
  - Call conveyance.
  - Transmission link costs and charges.
  - Interconnection link costs and charges.
  - Data interconnection costs and charges.
  - Co-location and facilities sharing costs and
   charges.
  - Operator services costs and charges.

NOV 03                                             21
    COMMERCIAL ASPECTS (2/2)
• Billing
  * Call conveyance billing.
   - Billing period
   - Delivery of invoices
   - Queries related to invoices
   - Time to reach a reconciliation agreement
  * Interconnect billing reconciliation.
   - Discrepancy percentage margin.
   - Good faith reconciliation.
   - Audit of billing records.

NOV 03                                          22
         DISPUTE RESOLUTION
• A clear and concise dispute resolution
  mechanism should be incorporated in the
  guidelines.
• It is important that during a dispute
  resolution process the parties should keep
  their networks interconnected.
• No party should disconnect the other party’s
  network without the prior approval of the
  NRA.

NOV 03                                       23
           ARBITRATION
• The guidelines should contain a section on
  the provisions of arbitration.
• Any of the disputants may request that the
  dispute be referred to arbitration at any
  stage of the dispute resolution process.




NOV 03                                         24
         LEGAL TERMS AND
           CONDITIONS
• The Guidelines should identify the legal
  contractual issues that need to be
  considered by each licensee and that should
  be included within the RIOs of Designated
  Licensees.
• These should be adapted from international
  ‘best practice’ in line with the local Law.
• Some specific clauses are…..

NOV 03                                      25
    SPECIFIC LEGAL CLAUSES
•   Provision of information
•   Service Level Agreement
•   Duration
•   Review
•   Confidentiality
•   Intellectual Property Rights
•   Liability
•   Force Majeure, Assignment, Termination, etc….

NOV 03                                              26
              CONCLUSION
• The production of Interconnection Guidelines by
  NRA is a complex and lengthy process.
• It should be handled with care and attention to
  detail.
• Consultation with all stakeholders is vital for the
  production of a fair and balanced guidelines.
• Implementation of the Guidelines requires the
  existence of sufficient legal authority of NRA.


NOV 03                                                  27
         THANK YOU



NOV 03               28

								
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