Methamphetamine by alicejenny

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									Methamphetamine:

The newest of the “Kentucky Uglies”

 Prepared by: Holly E. Hopper, MRC
              Extension Associate for Health
Crystal Methamphetamine
What is methamphetamine?
   A psycho-stimulant known as:
   • “meth”
   • “speed”
   • “crystal”
   • “ice”
   • “uppers”
   • “poor man’s cocaine”
   • “black beauties”
Who is at risk?

 • Women
 • Men
 • Teens
 • Abusers of other drugs

 Anyone willing to try it.
Why women?
 •   Buying into weight loss advertisements
 •   Myths about energy
 •   Myth of productivity
 •   Attempts to be “Super Woman”
 •   Child care
Why youth?
 •   Adult family members’ use
 •   Think it is fun
 •   Cheap and popular
 •   Easy to find
 •   Believe local availability means safety
Why men?
 •   Belief it provides more energy
 •   Belief they will be more productive
 •   Looking to improve work performance
 •   To escape from life stress
Dangers associated with Methamphetamine

  •   Addiction
  •   Aggression
  •   Brain damage
  •   Paranoia
  •   Family violence
  •   Criminal involvement
  •   Multiple health risks
  •   Death
How did methamphetamine get to Kentucky?
 1970-California discovered meth
 1990’s: Moving eastward…
       Utah, Kansas and Iowa
    Arkansas:
      www.co.benton.ar.us
       1994      6 labs
       1998     434 labs
       2002     953 labs
    2001 Missouri Extension targets problem
    2002 Oklahoma Extension targets problem
    2003 Iowa Extension partners with area Substance Abuse Council
       --part of Healthy County programming
    2003 Indiana Extension (Purdue) targets methamphetamine

       2003 KENTUCKY BECOMES FAMOUS FOR DRUG PROBLEMS

               THE PROBLEM FEELS OVERWHELMING…
What does meth do to you?
 In the short-term:
 •Euphoria
 •Increased alertness
 •Dilated pupils
 •Paranoia
 •Decreased appetite
 •Increased physical activity; jerky or flailing
 movements, picking at skin or pulling hair
 •Irritability, nervousness
 •Trouble sleeping
 •Aggression and psychological distress
 •Teeth grinding
 •Non-stop talking
 •Rapid heart beat and increased blood pressure
 •Heart-failure, high body temperature, or
 death
What are some other effects?
 Common long-term effects are:
 •Tooth decay
 •Acne or skin sores (“speed bumps”)
 •Anger
 •Panic
 •Paranoia
 •Hallucinations
 •Repetitive behavior patterns
 •Fatal kidney and lung disorders
 •Brain damage
 •Liver damage
 •Blood clots
 •Chronic depression
 •Malnutrition
 •Disturbed personality
 •Deficient immune system
 •Violent or psychotic behavior
Why don’t people just stop using?
• People can go without sleep for as many as 13
  days while using methamphetamine.

Upon waking, users will experience intense :
       •   Drug craving
       •   Irritability
       •   Loss of energy
       •   Depression
       •   Fearfulness
       •   Drowsiness
       •   Shaking
       •   Nausea
       •   Heart palpitations
       •   Sweating
       •   Hyperventilation
       •   Increased appetite
It doesn’t make sense
  •   Impaired reasoning
  •   Lost jobs
  •   Lost lives
  •   Lost friends
  •   Damaged relationships
  •   Paranoia
  •   Psychological pain
  •   Physical pain
  •   Disease
  •   Death
Employment and Livelihood

• 38 to 50% of all workers’ comp claims
  are drug and alcohol related.
 (National Council on Compensation Insurance, 1993)


• 71% of current drug users 18 and older
  were unemployed.

(1995 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, SAMHSA, August 1996).
Methamphetamine & Environment

  •   Toxic waste
  •   Water pollution
  •   Soil pollution
  •   Risk to food supply
  •   Property contamination
  •   Exposure risk can last years
Landowner’s Responsibility
  • Know what happens on your land
  • Maintain safety of rental property
  • Become aware of potential liability




      Protect yourself and your farm
What are signs of production?

 •   Strange smells
 •   Strange looking trash
 •   Blacked out windows
 •   Night traffic
 DO NOT attempt clean-up on your own.
 This requires special protective equipment
   and training to reduce health risks from
   corrosive burns, asphyxiation, toxic
   exposure, fire, and toxic psychological
   effects from exposure to
   methamphetamine oil.
Methamphetamine “lab”
Risks to Families and Children
 •   Fetal defects, abnormality
 •   Domestic violence
 •   Child neglect
 •   Child sexual abuse
 •   Child physical abuse
 •   Child poisoning
 •   Brain damage
 •   Toxic living environments
 •   Death
Family members as victims

 •   Loaning money
 •   Theft of money
 •   Theft of valuables
 •   Threats of violence
 •   Threats of harm
 •   Community crime increase
 •   Meth production on family property
Social & cultural strengths of East Kentucky

   •   Family
   •   Pride
   •   Hope
   •   Privacy
   •   Faith
   •   Resilience
   •   Tradition
   •   Unconditional support
   •   Strong emotional expression
   •   History
What if I find a meth production site?

 DO NOT attempt to clean or inspect the
  site yourself.
 Pennyrile Narcotics Task Force:
 1-800-624-4596
 Kentucky State Police:
 1-800-222-5555


 Meth-certified officers are available to handle
  such situations.
What can I do to help?
 •   Talk to others
 •   Get involved
 •   Talk to your kids
 •   Encourage users to seek treatment
 •   Seek the aid of law enforcement
 •   Support others affected by drug use
 •   Become aware of national trends
 •   Build community assets
 •   Build developmental assets
What is the role of extension?
Sources:
• http://www.health.org/newsroom/rep/215.aspx
• http://training.ncjfcj.org/rural_issues.htm
• http://www.nida.nih.gov/Infofax/methamphetamine.
  html
• http://www.kci.org/meth_info/faq_meth.htm
• http://www.iir.com/centf/guide.htm
• http://parentingteens.about.com/library/sp/drugs/bl-
  meth-kentucky.htm
• http://www.accesskansas.org/drugenforcement/retail
  meth.htm
• Methamphetamine Fact Book, A Community Handbook
  and Resource Guide, Speed Prevention and Awareness
  Network (SPAN)
Sources:
•   Newspaper clippings from the Lexington Herald Leader
•   Lab photos courtesy of the Fayette County Police Dept.
•   Brain and meth user photos from, Hawaii’s Ice Age
•   The DAWN Report: Club Drugs, 2001 Update, October
    2002, SAMHSA.
•   www.samhsa.gov
•   www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov
•   www.drugabuse.gov
•   www.monitoringthefuture.org
•   www.notometh.org
    Movie that accurately portrays methamphetamine use:
• Requiem for a Dream
     Warning: This movie is an accurate but graphic
  portrayal.
       For more information on health issues
       in Kentucky, contact your local County
          Extension Office or visit the HEEL
                     website at:

                        www.ca.uky.edu/HEEL

                 Educational programs of Kentucky Cooperative Extension serve all people
                  regardless of race, color, age, sex, religion, disability, or national origin.
This information is provided by the H.E.E.L. Program. Health Education through Extension Leadership (H.E.E.L.) is a partnership among the
University of Kentucky College of Agriculture Cooperative Extension Service, Kentucky State University Cooperative Extension Program, the
                          University of Kentucky College of Medicine, and the Kentucky School of Public Health.

   The development of the HEEL program was made possible by Senator Mitch McConnell with funds earmarked for the University of Kentucky, College
                            of Agriculture, Lexington, KY and budgeted through the CSREES/USDA Federal Administration.

								
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