Using Memorials - British Foreign Policy 1854 ... - Heritage Explorer

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					       What can memorials tell us about
       British Foreign Policy 1854-1914?
Key Stage 5: History

Learning Aims and Outcomes

•   Students will use historical evidence to help in their understanding British
    Foreign Policy from the 1850s to the start of the First World War
•   Students will be able to demonstrate skills in searching, assessing and
    using relevant evidence
•   Students will gain a better understanding of British foreign policy and its
    impact on Britain and the Empire, including, amongst others, the Crimean,
    Egypt and Boer wars
•   Relates to: Edexcel: GCE History Unit 2 C1 - The Experience of Warfare in
    Britain: Crimea, Boer and the First World War, 1854-1929
•   Relates to: OCR: Unit F961 - British History Period Studies - Option B:
    Modern 1783-1994: Foreign and Imperial Policies 1856–1914


Created by English Heritage - National Monuments Record, taken from www.heritageexplorer.org.uk
STEP 1: Go to www.heritageexplorer.org.uk

Select Search from the left-hand menu

Type war, memorial into the Keywords box.

Then select Victorian (1836-1901) from the dropdown list under When
STEP 2: Open each of the thumbnails to find out more about the memorials.
As you read them create two lists.

One of the countries they were fought in and another of the names of the
wars / Reasons for being there
 Share your lists with the class: Victorian War Memorials


Name of Country      Name of War/Reason for being there
STEP 3: Repeat your search: selecting Edwardian (1902-1913)

Use these results to add to your list of wars and countries
Share your lists with the class: Edwardian War Memorials


Name of Country     Name of War/Reason for being there
               Your list should look something like this

Name of Country        Name of War/Reason for being there

Ukraine (Russia)    Crimean War (1853-6)
India               Indian Mutiny (1857-9)
Sierra Leone        Crown Colony/ Naval Station
Jamaica             Crown Colony/ Naval Station
South Africa        Kafir War (1877-8) & Zulu War (1879)
Afghanistan         Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878-80)
Egypt               Egypt War (1882)
Sudan               Egypt War (1882)
South Africa        Boer War (1899 - 1902)
North China         Boxer Rebellion (1900)
STEP 5: Use an atlas or online world map to mark all the
   countries from your list onto this map of the world
STEP 6: Discuss the map - what kind of a picture of
  British Foreign Policy is beginning to appear?




        http://www.freeworldmaps.net/political.html
Whilst it is clear from the numbers of memorials that the Crimean War and
 the Boer War were the two main conflicts during this period, your lists
                 should also raise some interesting questions:



              Why did 329 members of the 66th Berkshire Regiment give
         ?    'their lives for their country at Girisk, Maiwand and
              Kandahar during the Afghan campaign 1879-80'


              Why were sailors on HMS Centurion 'killed or died of
         ?    wounds received whilst gallantly doing their duty in the
              Naval Brigade, North China, 1900'?



                Why did 44 'Officers and Men of H.M.S. Trident' die of
         ?      yellow fever in Sierra Leone?
STEP 6: Divide into groups - each group should choose a different
country from the list and research it. You must try to answer the following
questions:

• What were the British doing there?

• What did they stand to gain?

• What did they stand to lose?

• How might this action fit in with the other conflicts?

• Why did someone bother to build a memorial?


Use text books and the internet to find out more about each conflict


(see tables below for some interesting links - if you need them)
Name of                Name of War/Reason for being there
Country
Ukraine      Crimean War (1853-6)
(Russia)     http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/battles/crimea/
             http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/archive/tol_archive/article496367.ece
             http://www.loc.gov/pictures/search/?st=grid&co=ftncnw


India        Indian Mutiny (1857-9)
             http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00qprnj
             http://www.britishempire.co.uk/forces/armycampaigns/indiancampaigns/muti
             ny/mutiny.htm


Sierra Leone Crown Colony/ Naval Station
             http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/abolition/royal_navy_article_01.shtml
             http://www.royalnavalmuseum.org/visit_see_victory_cfexhibition_infosheet.h
             tm


Jamaica      Crown Colony/ Naval Station
             http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1874/jun/18/question
 Name of            Name of War/Reason for being there
  Country
South Africa Kafir War (1877-8) & Zulu War (1879)
             http://stmarys.ca/~wmills/course322/Kaffir_wars.html
             http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/victorians/zulu_01.shtml


Afghanistan Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878-80)
             http://news.bbc.co.uk/local/berkshire/hi/people_and_places/history/newsid
             _8225000/8225507.stm
             http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1229067/One-British-soldiers-
             diaries-bloody-battle-Afghanistan-130-years-ago-provide-haunting-insight-
             horrors-troops-face-now.html

Egypt        Egypt War (1882)
             http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/battles/egypt/
             http://www.old-merseytimes.co.uk/egypt2.html


Sudan        Egypt War (1882)
             http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/battles/egypt/aftermath.htm
             http://www.victorianweb.org/history/empire/gordon/bio1.html
Name of Country        Name of War/Reason for being there
South Africa      Boer War (1899 - 1902)
                  http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/victorians/boer_wars_01.shtml
                  #six
                  http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/Museum-and-
                  archives/Historical-factsheets/Boer-wars

North China       Boxer Rebellion (1900)
                  http://history.cultural-china.com/en/34History6705.html
                  http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00j4hmv
                  http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/the-boxer-
                  rebellion/8056.html
                  http://www.economist.com/node/17723014
STEP 7: Each group should share their research with the rest
of the class. Then each student should return to the original
question:


    What can memorials tell us
    about British Foreign Policy
           1854-1914?
  Write a short essay summarising your findings and
        use them to answer the question above

				
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