The Executive Branch by pengxiuhui

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									                         Federalism


Enumerated Powers to     Concurrent            Reserved powers for
   national                Powers to             state governments:
   government:             national and
                                               1. Establish schools
                           state
1. Coin money
                           governments:        2. Marriage/divorce
2. Regulate interstate                            laws
                         1. Raise taxes
   and foreign trade
                                               3. Regulate trade
                         2. Borrow money
3. Armed forces                                   within the state
   (declaring war)       3. Provide for
                                               All powers not
                            public welfare
4. Creation of federal                             specifically granted
   courts                4. Administer             to the federal govt
                            criminal justice       are reserved for the
                                                   states
The Legislative Branch
                         Congress

House of Representatives                   Senate
 435 members                      100 members
 Represent portions of            Two from each state
  the state                        Represent the whole
 Apportionment                     state
    –   No state can gain rep
        unless one loses one
   Speaker of the House =
    Elected by other
    members
House of Representatives

   25+ years old
   US Citizen for 7 years
   Resident of the state
   Serve 2 year terms
   Can be elected unlimited times
Senate

   30+ years old
   US citizen for 9 years
   Resident of the state
   Serve 6 year terms
    –   Terms are staggered so seats are up for election
        every 2 years
   Can be elected unlimited times
What can Congress do

   Make nation’s laws
   Control federal spending
   Ratifies treaties
   Confirm presidential appointments
   Can override veto
   Monitors Executive Branch
   House of Reps can impeach
    –   Senate acts as court
The Judicial Branch
Judicial Branch

   District Courts
    –   Lowest level of federal court system
    –   Criminal and civil cases
    –   91 districts courts (1 in every state)
   Appellate Courts (appeal courts)
    –   Losing side of district court hearing can appeal
    –   14 appeals courts in US
   The Supreme Court
    –   Final authority in the federal court system
    –   Most of Supreme Court cases are from appeals of lower
        courts
    –   Only cases involving foreign ambassadors or disputes
        between states can begin in Supreme Court
Supreme Court

   9 total Judges
   Appointed for life = retires or passes away
   Not influenced by political parties
   No requirements = although every judge has
    been attorney
What can Judicial Branch do

   Not described in much detail in Constitution
   Declare acts unconstitutional
   Declare executive actions unconstitutional
   Judicial review = gives Supreme Court the
    ultimate authority to interpret the meaning of
    constitutional provisions. Explain how words
    of Constitution apply today
The Executive Branch
Who is in the Executive Branch?


   President

   Vice President

   Cabinet Members
    –   Department Secretaries
The President

   35+ years old
   Born in The United States
   U.S. resident for at least 14 years
   Americans vote every four years for President and
    Vice President
   2 term limit
   VP takes over for President
    –   Dies
    –   Impeached
    –   Resigns
What a President can do

   Veto laws
   Executive orders
    –   Command that has power of law
   Pardons
    –   Freedom from punishment
   Arranging treaties
   Foreign relations
   Chooses department heads (Cabinet members)
    –   Congress must approve
Lyndon B. Johnson Quote

“What a President says and thinks is not worth
  five cents unless he has the people and
  Congress behind him. Without the Congress
  I’m just a six-foot-four Texan. With Congress
  I’m President of the United States in the
  fullest sense.”

What does Lyndon B. Johnson mean by this
 quote?

								
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