DM-Master-Glossary-2011

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					                                         Glossary for Digital Manuals


                                                                                              Master Glossary - All Courses
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                                                      21st century skills are those skills that are
                                                      needed for individuals to be successful in
                                                      the 21st century that go beyond basic
                                                      literacy. Several different organizations
                                                      have defined 21st century skills, and
                                                      although the lists vary slightly, they all
                      21st century skills are those   include skills such as problem solving,
                      skills that are needed for      critical thinking, and information literacy.
                      individuals to be successful in See 21st century skills published by the
                      the 21st century that go        Partnership for 21st Century Skills
21st century skills   beyond basic literacy.          (www.21stcenturyskills.org).                             TwT Glossary

                                                       4 Ps is a term used to denote the four main
                      4 Ps is a term used to denote    areas in which strategic decisions are taken
                      the four main areas in which     for the effective marketing of a product or
                      strategic decisions are taken    service. The areas are Product (Service)
                      for the effective marketing of   Positioning, Place of availability or
4 Ps                  a product or service.            distribution method, Pricing and Promotion.             TEN Glossary
                                                       Administration is a function that involves
                                                       the general management of an
                                                       organisation. Typical activities handled by
                                                       Administration include hiring and managing
                                                       staff, accounting, managing payroll,
                      Administration is a function     maintaining documents and records,
                      that involves the general        ordering materials and supplies,
                      management of an                 establishing operating procedures and
Administration        organisation.                    rules, etc.                                             TEN Glossary
                                    Glossary for Digital Manuals



                 Adobe Reader* provides a         Adobe Reader* provides a platform-
                 platform-independent means       independent means of viewing and printing
                 of viewing and printing          documents without the original software
                 documents without the            that created to document or resource.
                 original software that created   Adobe Reader can be downloaded free on
Adobe Reader*    to document or resource.         the Internet.                                 Essentials Glossary

                                                  Advertisement is a form of communication
                 Advertisement is a form of       used to create awareness and provide
                 communication used to create     information about a product or service.
                 awareness and provide            Advertisements may be announced through
                 information about a product      different media such as print, television,
Advertisement    or service.                      radio, internet etc.                               TEN Glossary

                                                  Advertisement is a form of communication
                 Advertisement is a form of       used to create awareness and provide
                 communication used to create     information about a product or service.
                 awareness and provide            Advertisements may be announced through
                 information about a product      different media such as print, television,
Advertisements   or service.                      radio, internet etc.                               TEN Glossary
                                                  Analysis is a higher-order thinking skill
                 Analysis is a higher-order       listed in both Bloom's Taxonomy and
                 thinking skill listed in both    Revised Bloom's Taxonomy. Activities that
                 Bloom's Taxonomy and             require students to analyze often require
                 Revised Bloom's Taxonomy.        them to classify, hypothesize, compare,
                 Activities that require          deconstruct, organize, and test. According
                 students to analyze often        to Marzano's Dimensions of Learning,
                 require them to classify,        analyzing errors and analyzing perspectives
                 hypothesize, compare,            are important reasoning processes within
                 deconstruct, organize, and       Dimension 3: Extension and Refinement of
analysis         test.                            Knowledge.                                         PBA Glossary
                                          Glossary for Digital Manuals


                                                       A program that helps the user accomplish a
                                                       specific task; for example, a word
                                                       processing program, a spreadsheet
                                                       program, or a file transfer protocol client.
                                                       Application programs are distinguished
                                                       from system programs (which control the
                                                       computer and run the application
                        A program that helps the user programs) and utilities (which are small
application             accomplish a specific task.    helper programs).                              Essentials Glossary
                                                       Argumentation is the process of using
                                                       logical reasoning and evidence to prove or
                                                       disprove a claim in order to reach a
                                                       conclusion. The steps for argumentation are
                                                       supported by the Showing Evidence Tool :
                                                       1. Make a claim 2. Provide evidence 3.
                        Argumentation is the process Evaluate the quality of evidence 4. Make
                        of using logical reasoning and explicit links between the claim and
                        evidence to prove or disprove evidence 5. Provide reasoning for why the
                        a claim in order to reach a    evidence supports the claim 6. Consider
argumentation           conclusion.                    counterarguments                                    TwT M9 a1.s1
                        An assessment instrument
                        can be any tool, such as a
                        checklist, prompt, or rubric,  An assessment instrument can be any tool,
                        that is used to assess student such as a checklist, prompt, or rubric, that
assessment instrument   learning.                      is used to assess student learning.                 PBA Glossary
                                                       Asessment methods use a process, such as
                                                       observation, conferences, or journals by
                                                       which data about student learning is
                                                       assessed. Assessment method categories
                                                       include: Gauging Student Needs,
                        Asessment methods use a        Encouraging Self-Direction and
                        process, such as observation, Collaboration, Monitoring Progress,
                        conferences, or journals by    Checking for Understanding and
                        which data about student       Encouraging Metacognition, Demonstrating
assessment methods      learning is assessed.          Understanding and Skill                             TwT Glossary
                                      Glossary for Digital Manuals



                    An Assessment Plan outlines      An Assessment Plan outlines methods and
                    methods and tools that define    tools that define clear expectations and
                    clear expectations and           standards for quality in products and
                    standards for quality in         performances, as well as provides project
                    products and performances,       monitoring. The plan should involve
                    as well as provides project      students in reviewing and managing their
Assessment Plan     monitoring.                      learning progress during the project.                     TwT M1 a5

                    Authentic inquiry is most
                    often used in the sciences to    Authentic inquiry is most often used in the
                    describe learning that "allows   sciences to describe learning that "allows
                    students to acquire scientific   students to acquire scientific knowledge
                    knowledge and                    and understanding, relate science research
                    understanding, relate science    to real-world problems, apply their
                    research to real-world           knowledge, and to become familiar with
                    problems, apply their            and know how to perform scientific
                    knowledge, and to become         research."
                    familiar with and know how to    (http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2008AM/finalpr
authentic inquiry   perform scientific research."    ogram/abstract_150002.htm)                             TwT Overview


                                                  Short for weblogs, blogs are used to share
                                                  information and opinions with readers and
                                                  to solicit feedback and discussion. They
                                                  often take the form of a journal and are
                                                  regularly updated with new, dated entries.
                    Short for weblogs, blogs are  “A typical blog combines text, images, and
                    used to share information and links to other blogs, web pages, and other
                    opinions with readers and to  media related to its topic. The ability for
                    solicit feedback and          readers to leave comments in an interactive      TwT Glossary/Essentials
blog                discussion.                   format is an important part of many blogs.”                    Glossary
                                    Glossary for Digital Manuals



                 Brand is a mark, symbol,
                 images or name that is used       Brand is a mark, symbol, images or name
                 to distinguish your               that is used to distinguish your
                 product/service and business      product/service and business from that of
Brand            from that of competitors.         competitors.                                        TEN Glossary
                 Branding is creating an
                 identity or reputation for your   Branding is creating an identity or
                 business and its product or       reputation for your business and its product
Branding         service.                          or service.                                         TEN Glossary

                                                   A browser is a computer program that
                 A browser is a computer           allows users to read access files on the
                 program that allows users to      World Wide Web, and navigate between
                 access files on the World Wide    them. Examples are Mozilla Firefox*, Apple
                 Web, and navigate between         Safari*, and Microsoft Internet Explorer*.
browser          them.                             Browsers can be text-based or graphic.         Essentials Glossary

                                                Budget is a financial estimate of earnings
                                                and expenses over a period of time. It is a
                 Budget is a financial estimate forecast which helps in knowing and
                 of earnings and expenses over planning the business expenses, so that the
Budget           a period of time.              business can run without difficulty.                   TEN Glossary

                                               Business goals are statements or targets
                                               that a business hopes to achieve to be
                 Business goals are statements successful within a specified time period.
                 or targets that a business    They may be in the form of financial goals
                 hopes to achieve to be        such as desired profit or marketing goals
                 successful within a specified such as capturing a large number of
Business Goals   time period.                  customers, quality service and so on.                   TEN Glossary
                                     Glossary for Digital Manuals


                                                   Business plan is an outline which
                   Business plan is an outline     summarises the goals of a business
                   which summarises the goals      enterprise, background information about
                   of a business enterprise,       the enterprise, details about the product or
                   background information about    service being offered, and the ways to
                   the enterprise, details about   achieve the business goals. It offers
                   the product or service being    information on the business idea, the steps
                   offered, and the ways to        to implement the idea and set up the
Business Plan      achieve the business goals.     business.                                      TEN Glossary


                                                 Through causal mapping, students describe
                                                 how, and to what degree, factors affect one
                                                 another. A causal map has the visual
                                                 elements of a concept map but places
                                                 explicit meaning on each element in the
                                                 map. Boxes contain factors with linked
                   Through causal mapping,       arrows. Links between the
                   students describe how, and to factors depict causal relationships and show
                   what degree, factors affect   an increase or decrease in the intensity of
                   one another. A causal map     the effect by the thickness and color of the
                   has the visual elements of a  connecting lines. Mapping helps students
                   concept map but places        represent their understanding as they
                   explicit meaning on each      investigate the nature of a problem that
causal map         element in the map.           requires thinking about cause and effect.        TwT M4 a1.s2
                   The cause explains why
                   something happens. The        The cause explains why something
                   effect describes what         happens. The effect describes what
cause and effect   happens.                      happens.                                         TwT Glossary
                                            Glossary for Digital Manuals


                         A CD-ROM is a disk that is
                         physically the same as an
                         audio CD but contains
                         computer data. Storage          A CD-ROM is a disk that is physically the
                         capacity is about 650-700       same as an audio CD but contains
                         megabytes. CD-ROMs are          computer data. Storage capacity is about
                         usually interchangeable         650-700 megabytes. CD-ROMs are usually
CD-ROM (Compact Disk     between different types of      interchangeable between different types of
Read Only Memory)        computers.                      computers.                                      Essentials Glossary

                                                         A checklist is a list of items, steps, or
                                                         elements needed for a task that is checked
                         A checklist is a list of items, off as completed. Checklists are used by
                         steps, or elements needed for teachers for observation and analysis of
                         a task that is checked off as   student work and by the students to
checklist                completed.                      monitor progress and self-assess.                    TwT Glossary
                         A claim is the conclusion or
                         assertion that a person is      A claim is the conclusion or assertion that a
claims                   attempting to prove.            person is attempting to prove.                       TwT M9 a1.s1

                                                         A clipboard is an area of temporary memory
                         A clipboard is an area of       in a computer that is used to transfer text
                         temporary memory in a           and graphics within a document being
                         computer that is used to        edited, or between documents. The data is
                         transfer text and graphics      put into the clipboard with either the "cut"
                         within a document being         or "copy" command, and then "paste" takes
                         edited, or between              it from the clipboard and puts it in its new
clipboard                documents.                      location.                                       Essentials Glossary
                         Closed-ended questions are
                         questions where the             Closed-ended questions are questions
                         respondents choose from         where the respondents choose from among
                         among the answer choices        the answer choices given in the
Closed-ended questions   given in the questionnaire.     questionnaire.                                       TEN Glossary
                                             Glossary for Digital Manuals


                          Collaboration is a process by
                          which students learn while
                          working with others by
                          sharing ideas and skill,        Collaboration is a process by which
                          providing feedback, and         students learn while working with others by
                          supporting each other's         sharing ideas and skill, providing feedback,
collaboration             learning.                       and supporting each other's learning.               PBA Glossary
                          Often simply referred to as a
                          protocol, a communications
                          protocol is a set of rules orOften simply referred to as a protocol, a
                          standards designed so that   communications protocol is a set of rules or
                          computers can exchange       standards designed so that computers can
                          information with a minimum   exchange information with a minimum of
communications protocol   of errors.                   errors.                                           Essentials Glossary
                                                       Competitor analysis is a method used to
                                                       compare your business with the identified
                          Competitor analysis is a     competition on various factors. It helps in
                          method used to compare your identifying areas where your business has
                          business with the identified an advantage over its competitors as well
                          competition on various       as areas where your business needs
Competitor Analysis       factors.                     improvement.                                           TEN Glossary
                                                       Concept maps are graphical tools for
                                                       organizing and representing knowledge.
                                                       They include concepts, usually enclosed in
                                                       circles or boxes of some type, and
                                                       relationships between concepts indicated by
                                                       a connecting line linking two concepts.
                                                       Words can appear on the lines, referred to
                                                       as linking words or linking phrases, to
                                                       specify the relationship between the two
                                                       concepts.
                          Concept maps are graphical   (http://cmap.ihmc.us/Publications/Researc
                          tools for organizing and     hPapers/TheoryCmaps/TheoryUnderlyingCo
concept map               representing knowledge.      nceptMaps.htm)                                          TwT M7 a1.2
                                          Glossary for Digital Manuals


                                                      Constructive feedback is the art of
                                                      acknowledging what a student has done in
                                                      a manner that is seen helpful by the
                                                      student. Often constructive feedback
                                                      involves stating something that the student
                        Constructive feedback is the  has done well and then focusing on what
                        art of acknowledging what a   they need to do next. (A teaching
                        student has done in a manner assistant's guide to child development and
                        that is seen helpful by the   psychology in the Classroom By Susan
constructive feedback   student.                      Bentham, pg. 48)                               TwT M9 a3.s2
                        Constructivism is a theory
                        that says that people
                        generate knowledge,           Constructivism is a theory that says that
                        meaning, and understanding people generate knowledge, meaning, and
                        based on their own            understanding based on their own
constructivism          experience.                   experience.                                    PBA Glossary
                                                      Content Questions are fact-based, concrete
                                                      questions that have a narrow set of correct
                                                      answers. They often relate to definitions,
                                                      identifications, and general recall of
                                                      information that directly support the unit's
                        Content Questions are fact-   targeted standards. Understanding of
                        based, concrete questions     Content Questions is necessary in order to
                        that have a narrow set of     be able to answer the larger questions of
Content Questions       correct answers.              the unit.                                           TwT M2
                        Core operations are essential
                        functions that have to be
                        performed to provide the      Core operations are essential functions that
                        product or service to the     have to be performed to provide the
                        customers in a timely and     product or service to the customers in a
Core Operations         efficient way.                timely and efficient way.                      TEN Glossary
                                          Glossary for Digital Manuals



                                                      Correlation is a statistical measurement of
                                                      the relationship between two variables. In
                                                      the Visual Ranking Tool , the correlation
                                                      compares data sets that are arranged in
                                                      rank order. Any two sets of data (in this
                                                      case, two ordered lists) can be compared to
                                                      see to what extent they are related. The
                                                      strength of this correlation varies from 0
                                                      (we can't tell at all that they are similar) to
                                                      1 (we are certain they are similar). The
                                                      correlation also has a sign to indicate
                     Correlation is a statistical     whether the item in list B will be in a
                     measurement of the               similar position to the item in list A (a
                     relationship between two         positive correlation) or in an opposite
correlation          variables.                       position (a negative correlation).                TwT M5 a1.s5

                     Cost price is the amount you
                     spend on making the product      Cost price is the amount you spend on
                     or service or each unit          making the product or service or each unit
Cost price           available to the customer.       available to the customer.                        TEN Glossary
                     A counterargument is an
                     argument, with factual
                     evidence or other kinds of       A counterargument is an argument, with
                     support, that challenges the     factual evidence or other kinds of support,
counterarguments     original argument.               that challenges the original argument.            TwT M9 a1.s2
                     Criteria are standards,
                     measures, or expectations on     Criteria are standards, measures, or
                     which a judgment or decision     expectations on which a judgment or
criteria             can be based.                    decision can be based.                                TwT M11

                     Curriculum-Framing Questions     Curriculum-Framing Questions guide a unit
                     guide a unit of study and        of study and include an Essential Question,
                     include an Essential Question,   Unit Question(s), and Content Questions.
Curriculum-Framing   Unit Question(s), and Content    They are used to promote interest,
Questions            Questions.                       relevance, and understanding.                       TwT M1 a5
                                       Glossary for Digital Manuals



                   Customer service is a function
                   that involves looking after the
                   requirements of the               Customer service is a function that involves
                   customers and attending to        looking after the requirements of the
                   any problems faced by them        customers and attending to any problems
                   regarding the use of a product    faced by them regarding the use of a
Customer Service   or service.                       product or service.                              TEN Glossary
                   Data is collected information
                   from surveys, research or
                   interviews which may be used      Data is collected information from surveys,
                   to analyse a particular issue     research or interviews which may be used
Data               or idea.                          to analyse a particular issue or idea.           TEN Glossary
                                                     Department is a division within the
                                                     organisation. Departments may be created
                   Department is a division          on the basis of functions, products or
                   within the organisation.          locations. For example, departments based
                   Departments may be created        on functions are classified as
                   on the basis of functions,        Administration, Marketing, Customer
Department         products or locations.            Service and so on.                               TEN Glossary
                                                     Department is a division within the
                                                     organisation. Departments may be created
                   Department is a division          on the basis of functions, products or
                   within the organisation.          locations. For example, departments based
                   Departments may be created        on functions are classified as
                   on the basis of functions,        Administration, Marketing, Customer
Departments        products or locations.            Service and so on.                               TEN Glossary
                   The cells in the table of a       The cells in the table of a rubric contain
                   rubric contain descriptors of     descriptors of what the trait looks like for a
                   what the trait looks like for a   level of performance or quality. They
                   level of performance or           describe the performance for each trait at
descriptors        quality.                          several levels.                                     TwT M11
                                        Glossary for Digital Manuals


                                                      Designation is a title given to a person
                                                      performing a particular set of tasks in an
                    Designation is a title given to   organisation. For example, Marketing
                    a person performing a             Manager is a designation which is given to
                    particular set of tasks in an     a person performing a set of tasks related
Designation         organisation.                     to marketing function.                              TEN Glossary

                                                      A dialog box on a computer screen can be
                    A dialog box on a computer        used to enter information, set options, or
                    screen can be used to enter       give commands to the computer. The dialog
                    information, set options, or      box gives the user choices (such as open
                    give commands to the              file, delete, save) which can be selected by
dialog box          computer.                         clicking with the mouse.                       Essentials Glossary

                    Direct mailers are promotional    Direct mailers are promotional materials
                    materials such as newsletters     such as newsletters or catalogues which is
                    or catalogues which is sent       sent directly through mail to the target
                    directly through mail to the      market. Direct mailers can be sent via post
Direct Mailers      target market.                    or email.                                           TEN Glossary

                                                    A directory or set of directory folders are
                                                    places on a disk where files and
                                                    subdirectories can be stored. The
                    A directory or set of directory organization of directories (or folders) and
                    folders are places on a disk    files on a hard drive is like the branches of
                    where files and subdirectories an upside-down tree. The main directory is
directory, folder   can be stored.                  called the "root directory."                     Essentials Glossary
                            Glossary for Digital Manuals



                                         A diskette is a small, portable, flexible
                                         magnetic disk used for data storage on
                                         many computers. Diskettes come in 3½"
                                         and 5¼" sizes, with several densities and
                                         formats. These disks are known as "floppy"
                                         disks (or diskettes) because the disk is
                                         flexible and the read/write head is in
                                         physical contact with the surface of the
                                         disk, in contrast to "hard disks" that are
           A small, portable, flexible   rigid and rely on a small, fixed gap between
           magnetic disk used for data   the disk surface and the heads. Diskettes
diskette   storage on many computers.    may be either single-sided or double-sided.    Essentials Glossary
                                 Glossary for Digital Manuals




                                           A domain name is an Internet address in
                                           alphabetic form (for example, intel.com or
                                           www.intel.com). Domain names must have
                                           at least two parts: the part on the left
                                           names the organization, and the part on
                                           the right identifies the highest subdomain.
                                           Directory levels can be indicated at the
                                           end, separated by a slash (/). The right-
                                           hand side or end of a domain name helps
                                           identify what type of agency or organization
                                           is hosting the site. For example: .com
                                           commercial site, .edu educational
                                           institution .gov U.S. government, .mil
                                           military, .net network, .org non-profit
                                           organization. Other endings continue to be
                                           added to meet demand for new site names,
                                           such as .ws for "world site." Countries
                                           have their own URL endings as well; for
                                           example, the United Kingdom is .uk, France
                                           is .fr, Korea is .kr, Canada is .ca,
                                           Philippines is .ph, Australia is .au, etc. For a
              A domain name is an Internet list of URL domain names for countries
              address in alphabetic form   around the world, visit: Domain name
              (for example, intel.com or   registries around the world,
domain name   www.intel.com).              http://www.extend.no/domreg.html                   Essentials Glossary
                                           To download is to transfer files or data from
              To download is to transfer   one computer to another. Downloading
              files or data from one       means to receive; uploading means to
download      computer to another.         transmit.                                          Essentials Glossary
                              Glossary for Digital Manuals



                                           A drive is a very fast input/output device
                                           that consists of one or more spinning
                                           magnetic disks. A moving arm allows direct
                                           read or write access to data recorded on the
           A drive is a very fast          disks. A device that spins disks or tapes in
           input/output device that        order to read and write data; for example,
           consists of one or more         a hard drive, disk drive, CD-ROM drive, or
drive      spinning magnetic disks         tape drive.                                     Essentials Glossary
                                           Earnings are income that a business
           Earnings are income that a      generates over a period of time.
           business generates over a
Earnings   period of time.                                                                      TEN Glossary
                                           E-mail is short for electronic mail, which is
                                           a system whereby a computer user can
                                           exchange messages with other computer
                                           users (or groups of users) through a
e-mail                                     communications network.                         Essentials Glossary

                                           Embedding an object in a document or
                                           presentation allows you to work with the
                                           object within the program. The object
                                           becomes part of the document and can be
                                           easily moved to other devices. This process
                                           is different from linking to an object where
                                           the original object must be available on the
                                           user's computer to be accessible and
                                           cannot be transferred to another device.
                                           Embedding is approriate when you want to
                                           move around files and allow others to
                                           modify them as they wish. Linking is
           To include an object in a       appropriate when you will always use the
           document that can be            document on your computer and want
           modified from within the        updates to show in your document when
embed      application it is embedded in   you update the original object.                     Essentials, M2
                                         Glossary for Digital Manuals



                                                     Essential Questions are broad, open-ended
                      Essential Questions are broad, questions that address big ideas and
                      open-ended questions that      enduring concepts. Essential Questions
                      address big ideas and          often cross disciplines and help students
Essential Questions   enduring concepts              see how subjects are related.                                TwT M2
                                                     Evidence includes facts or data that are
                                                     used to either support or oppose a claim in
                                                     an argument. Evidence is also known as
                                                     proof, data, arguments, observations, or
                                                     grounds. Evidence can come in the form of
                      Evidence includes facts or     facts and statistics, expert opinions,
                      data that are used to either   examples, explanations, logical reasoning,
                      support or oppose a claim in   witness testimony, documentation, and so
evidence              an argument.                   forth.                                                 TwT M9 a1.s2
                                                     Expenses are the amount of money that a
                      Expenses are the amount of     business has to spend in order to generate
                      money that a business has to earnings.
                      spend in order to generate
Expenses              earnings.                                                                             TEN Glossary

                                                      An extension is the portion of a file name
                                                      following the final point (period) that
                                                      indicates the kind of data stored in the file.
                      An extension is the portion of Extensions are usually from one to three
                      a file name following the final letters (for example, .ppt, .doc, .au, .wav).
                      point (period) that indicates   DOS and Windows extensions must be
                      the kind of data stored in the three or fewer letters; Macintosh extensions
extension             file.                           can have more letters, or can be deleted.        Essentials Glossary

                                                     Factors within a causal map are the boxes
                      Factors within a causal map    that describe or name a cause and/or an
                      are the boxes that describe or effect. Links between the factors depict
                      name a cause and/or an         causal relationships and show an increase
factors               effect.                        or decrease in the intensity of the effect.             TwT M8 a4.1
                                  Glossary for Digital Manuals



                                             Favorites are a feature in Microsoft's
                                             Internet Explorer* browser that enable the
                                             user to record URLs that will be frequently
              Favorites are a feature in     used by adding them to a special menu.
              Microsoft's Internet Explorer* Once the URL is on the list, it is easy to
              browser that enable the user return to that Web page simply by clicking
              to record URLs that will be    on the link in the list, rather than retyping
              frequently used by adding      the entire URL. Favorites are also known as
favorites     them to a special menu.        "bookmarks."                                       Essentials Glossary

                                              Feedback is a response to a particular
                                              activity or idea. Feedback can be obtained
              Feedback is a response to a     through surveys and is used to analyse the
Feedback      particular activity or idea.    idea or activity for which feedback is given.          TEN Glossary

                                              Finance is the function of maintaining
                                              records of the earnings and expenses of the
                                              business. It also involves ensuring that
              Finance is the function of      adequate funds are available at all times for
              maintaining records of the      the smooth operation of the business, and
              earnings and expenses of the    may involve the investment of the business’
Finance       business.                       financial assets.                                      TEN Glossary

                                               A flash drive is a small, ultra-portable
                                               storage device which, unlike a hard drive or
              A flash drive is a small, ultra- optical drive, has no moving parts. Most
              portable storage device which, connect to a computer via a built-in USB
              unlike a hard drive or optical port. Other names include pen drive, USB
flash drive   drive, has no moving parts.      drive, memory stick. (About.com)                               new
                                               Flow chart is a visual representation of a
              Flow chart is a visual           series of actions directed to achieve results.
              representation of a series of    An operational flow chart provides a visual
              actions directed to achieve      representation of the core operations of the
Flow chart    results.                         business.                                             TEN Glossary
                                         Glossary for Digital Manuals


                       Flyer is a printed             Flyer is a printed advertisement, usually
                       advertisement, usually using   using just one sheet or paper, to promote
                       just one sheet or paper, to    a product or a service. It is intended for
                       promote a product or a         circulation among potential customers
Flyer                  service.                       through various methods.                           TEN Glossary


                                                      Assessments that occur before and during a
                                                      unit of study are called formative
                                                      assessments. Formative assessments occur
                                                      when teachers systematically gather
                                                      information about what and how all their
                                                      students are learning. Examples include
                                                      assessments that gauge student needs,
                                                      encourage self-direction and collaboration,
                                                      monitor progress, check for understanding,
                                                      and encourage metacognition. Teachers use
                       Assessments that occur before the information from these assessments to
                       and during a unit of study are make adjustments to instruction and to
formative              called formative assessments. keep students on track with project tasks.     Essentials Glossary


                                                      Assessments that occur before and during a
                                                      unit of study are called formative
                                                      assessments. Formative assessments occur
                                                      when teachers systematically gather
                                                      information about what and how all their
                                                      students are learning. Examples include
                                                      assessments that gauge student needs,
                                                      encourage self-direction and collaboration,
                                                      monitor progress, check for understanding,
                                                      and encourage metacognition. Teachers use
                       Assessments that occur before the information from these assessments to
                       and during a unit of study are make adjustments to instruction and to
formative assessment   called formative assessments. keep students on track with project tasks.     Essentials Glossary
                                                  Glossary for Digital Manuals



                             An FTP is a communication
                             protocol for the Internet that
                             allows a user on any              An FTP is a communication protocol for the
                             computer to get files from        Internet that allows a user on any computer
                             another computer, or to send      to get files from another computer, or to
FTP (File Transfer Protocol) files to another computer.        send files to another computer.                Essentials Glossary


                                                               One gigabyte can be estimated as 10 to the
                                                               9th power, or one billion (1,000,000,000)
                                                               bytes. A gigabyte is 1,024 megabytes and
                                                               precedes the terabyte unit of measurement.
                               One gigabyte can be             Hard drive sizes are typically measured in
                               estimated as 10 to the 9th      gigabytes, such as a 160GB or 250GB
                               power, or one billion           drive. (Definition from the Tech Terms
gigabyte                       (1,000,000,000) bytes.          Computer Dictionary www.techterms.com)                       new


                                                               A hard disk or drive is the main device that
                                                               a computer uses to store information. Hard
                                                               disks are rigid aluminum or glass disks
                                                               about 3.5" in diameter in a personal
                                                               computer, and smaller in a laptop. They are
                                                               coated with ferromagnetic material and
                                                               rotate around a central axle. Data is
                                                               transferred magnetically by a read/write
                               A hard disk or drive is the     head. A hard disk drive for a personal
                               main device that a computer     computer may contain as many as eight
hard disk or hard drive        uses to store information.      hard disks, rotating around the same axle.     Essentials Glossary

                               Classroom heterogeneous
                               groupings are those in which    Classroom heterogeneous groupings are
                               students of varying abilities   those in which students of varying abilities
                               learn together in cooperative   learn together in cooperative learning
heterogeneous grouping         learning arrangements.          arrangements.                                       PBA Glossary
                                                  Glossary for Digital Manuals



                               Heuristics is the process of
                               problem-solving by trial and
                               error: a method of solving a      Heuristics is the process of problem-solving
                               problem for which no formula      by trial and error: a method of solving a
                               exists, based on informal         problem for which no formula exists, based
                               methods or experience, and        on informal methods or experience, and
                               employing a form of trial and     employing a form of trial and error
heuristics                     error iteration.                  iteration.                                                 TwT M11

                                                               Sometimes called HOTS (higher-order-
                                                               thinking skills), higher-order thinking
                                                               describes those thinking processes beyond
                                                               memory and comprehension. Higher-order
                               Sometimes called HOTS           thinking skills are identified by Bloom's
                               (higher-order-thinking skills), Taxonomy under the categories of analysis,
                               higher-order thinking           synthesis, and evaluation. The Revised
                               describes those thinking        Bloom's Taxonomy identifies the top
                               processes beyond memory         thinking categories as analyzing,
higher-order thinking skills   and comprehension.              evaluating, and creating.                                     TwT M2

                                                                 Home page is the main page of a Web site
                               Home page is the main page        which opens when anyone navigates to the
                               of a Web site which opens         site. It has links to the other Web pages of
                               when anyone navigates to the      the Web site and serves as the introductory
Home page                      site.                             and summary page of the Web site.                     TEN Glossary
                               Sometimes called HOTS
                               (higher-order-thinking skills),   HTML is the language of the World Wide
                               higher-order thinking             Web used to create Web pages, with
                               describes those thinking          hyperlinks and markup for text formatting
HTML (HyperText Markup         processes beyond memory           (heading styles, bold, italic, numbered lists,
Language)                      and comprehension.                insertion of images, etc.).                      Essentials Glossary
                                              Glossary for Digital Manuals


                                                           HTTP provide the rules by which World
                                                           Wide Web browsers and servers
                           HTTP provide the rules by       communicate. This is the protocol most
                           which World Wide Web            often used to transfer information from
HTTP (HyperText Transfer   browsers and servers            Web servers to browsers, which is why Web
Protocol)                  communicate.                    addresses begin with http://.                    Essentials Glossary

                                                           A hyperlink in an HTML document leads to
                                                           another place on the same page, to another
                                                           page on the same web site, or, to another
                                                           World Wide Web site. A browser usually
                           A hyperlink in an HTML          displays a hyperlink in some distinguishing
                           document leads to another       way, such as a different color, font or style.
                           place on the same page, to      When the user activates the link (by
                           another page on the same        clicking on it with the mouse), the browser
                           web site, or, to another World displays the target of the link. Sometimes
hyperlink                  Wide Web site.                  pictures have hyperlinks.                        Essentials Glossary
                           An icon is a small picture on a
                           computer screen that            An icon is a small picture on a computer
icon                       represents a file or program. screen that represents a file or program.          Essentials Glossary
                           In rubrics, indicators define   In rubrics, indicators define the scale of
indicators                 the scale of quality.           quality.                                                   TwT M11

                           Industries are business
                           activities or enterprises       Industries are business activities or
                           grouped together because        enterprises grouped together because they
                           they are involved in a          are involved in a common or similar
                           common or similar enterprise,   enterprise, either manufacturing similar or
                           either manufacturing similar    related products or providing similar or
                           or related products or          related services. For example, Food and
                           providing similar or related    Beverages Industry, Travel and Tourism
Industries                 services.                       Industry etc.                                         TEN Glossary
                                            Glossary for Digital Manuals



                         Information literacy is a 21st
                         century skill that includes the
                         ability to identify an
                         information need, and then to     Information literacy is a 21st century skill
                         find, collect, organize,          that includes the ability to identify an
                         evaluate, and use the             information need, and then to find, collect,
                         information to create new         organize, evaluate, and use the information
information literacy     ideas and solve problems.         to create new ideas and solve problems.         PBA Glossary

                                                           Inquiry-based learning is an instructional
                                                           approach where students seek answers by
                                                           gathering information and data. "Through
                                                           the process of inquiry, individuals construct
                                                           much of their understanding of the natural
                                                           and human-designed worlds. Inquiry
                                                           implies a 'need or want to know' premise.
                                                           Inquiry is ...seeking appropriate resolutions
                                                           to questions and issues. For educators,
                                                           inquiry implies emphasis on the
                                                           development of inquiry skills and the
                                                           nurturing of inquiring attitudes or habits of
                         Inquiry-based learning is an      mind that will enable individuals to
                         instructional approach where      continue the quest for knowledge
                         students seek answers by          throughout life."
                         gathering information and         (http://www.thirteen.org/edonline/concept
inquiry-based learning   data.                             2class/inquiry/index.html)                      PBA Glossary
                                        Glossary for Digital Manuals




                                                   The Internet is a network of networks,
                                                   linking computers to computers by
                                                   speaking the same language called TCP/IP
                                                   protocol. Each computer runs software to
                                                   provide or "serve" information and/or to
                                                   access and view information. The Internet
                                                   (with a capital I) is the world's largest
                                                   internet. The Internet includes a variety of
                                                   electronic services such as electronic mail
                                                   (e-mail), Telnet (remote login), FTP (File
                                                   Transfer Protocol for downloading or
                                                   uploading of files), Gopher (an early, text-
                                                   only method for accessing internet
                                                   documents), and the World Wide Web. The
                      The Internet is a network of Internet was originally developed for the
                      networks, linking computers  United States military, and then became
                      to computers by speaking the used for government, academic, and
                      same language called TCP/IP commercial research and communications.
Internet              protocol.                                                                   Essentials Glossary
                                                   An Internet IP address--also called the IP
                                                   address or TCP/IP address--is a unique
                                                   number identifying each host machine on
                                                   the Internet network. An IP address is
                                                   represented by a numeric address such as
                                                   123.231.32.2 that the domain name server
                      An Internet IP address--also translates into a domain name. In addition
                      called the IP address or     to the Internet address, each machine has
                      TCP/IP address--is a unique  an Internet domain style name which
                      number identifying each host usually has the form:
                      machine on the Internet      machine.location.domain or
Internet IP address   network.                     machine.group.location.domain.                 Essentials Glossary
                                           Glossary for Digital Manuals


                                                        Justification is the reason why someone
                                                        (properly) holds a belief, the explanation as
                                                        to why the belief is true, or an account of
                        Justification is the reason why how one knows what one knows.
                        someone (properly) holds a      Empiricism (the evidence of the senses),
                        belief, the explanation as to   authoritative testimony (the appeal to
                        why the belief is true, or an   criteria and authority), and logical
                        account of how one knows        deduction are often involved in justification.
justification           what one knows.                 (Wikipedia)                                      TwT M9 a1.s1

                                                        Keyword is a word used as a reference
                                                        point for finding other words or information.
                                                        In the context of Internet search, a
                                                        keyword is used to find information on a
                        Keyword is a word used as a     subject. In the context of the Mind Map, a
                        reference point for finding     keyword helps you in finding other words or
Keyword                 other words or information.     ideas by association.                            TEN Glossary

                                                        Keyword is a word used as a reference
                                                        point for finding other words or information.
                                                        In the context of Internet search, a
                                                        keyword is used to find information on a
                        Keyword is a word used as a     subject. In the context of the Mind Map, a
                        reference point for finding     keyword helps you in finding other words or
Keywords                other words or information.     ideas by association.                            TEN Glossary

                        A K-W-L-H chart can be used
                        at the beginning of a project   A K-W-L-H chart can be used at the
                        to assess prior knowledge,      beginning of a project to assess prior
                        help teachers plan to meet      knowledge, help teachers plan to meet
Know-Wonder-Learn-How   student needs, and set the      student needs, and set the stage for new
chart                   stage for new learning.         learning.                                        PBA Glossary
                                          Glossary for Digital Manuals



                                                     Learning logs consist of short regular
                      Learning logs consist of short entries in project notebooks or journals, or
                      regular entries in project     on a short form, written in response to
                      notebooks or journals, or on a structured prompts (such as, Today I
                      short form, written in         accomplished…, I need to…., and so on).
                      respsonse to structured        Students record data or milestones, review
learning log          prompts.                       progress, reflect, and adjust their work.                TwT M4 a1.s2

                                                        Objectives are learning targets that
                                                        students are expected to master by the end
                                                        of a prescribed time. Objectives can be
                                                        higher-order thinking skills, habits, subject-
                                                        specific skills, process skills, behaviors, or
                      Objectives are learning           performance related. Objectives should be
                      targets that students are         measureable, observable, and assessable.
                      expected to master by the         Objectives should be written so they are
learning objectives   end of a prescribed time.         student-friendly and content specific.                TwT M6 a1.s1
                                                        A link, short for hyperlink, in an HTML
                                                        document leads to another place on the
                                                        same page, to another page on the same
                                                        web site, or to another World Wide Web
                                                        site. A browser usually displays a hyperlink
                      A link, short for hyperlink, in   in some distinguishing way, such as a
                      an HTML document leads to         different color, font or style. When the user
                      another place on the same         activates the link (by clicking on it with the
                      page, to another page on the      mouse), the browser displays the target of
                      same web site, or to another      the link. Sometimes pictures have
link                  World Wide Web site.              hyperlinks.                                      Essentials Glossary
                                        Glossary for Digital Manuals



                     Market research is a
                     systematic collection and
                     analysis of data related to the   Market research is a systematic collection
                     target market, competitors        and analysis of data related to the target
                     and market conditions such as     market, competitors and market conditions
                     economy among other things,       such as economy among other things, to
                     to understand their potential     understand their potential impact on a
Market Research      impact on a business.             business.                                           TEN Glossary

                     Marketing is a function that      Marketing is a function that involves market
                     involves market research, and     research, and the development and
                     the development and               implementation of marketing strategies, to
                     implementation of marketing       ensure effective promotion and sale of the
                     strategies, to ensure effective   product or service.
                     promotion and sale of the
Marketing            product or service.                                                                   TEN Glossary
                     Marketing strategy is a
                     comprehensive plan which
                     explains the approach a
                     business will take towards the    Marketing strategy is a comprehensive plan
                     4Ps (see above) and the           which explains the approach a business will
                     usage of the marketing            take towards the 4Ps (see above) and the
                     budget to achieve the             usage of the marketing budget to achieve
Marketing Strategy   marketing goals.                  the marketing goals.                                TEN Glossary

                                                       One megabyte equals 1,048,576 bytes, or
                                                       1024 kilobytes. The text of a six hundred
                                                       page paperbackbook would require about
                                                       one megabyte of ASCII storage. (ASCII is
                     One megabyte equals               the basis of character sets used in almost
                     1,048,576 bytes, or 1024          all present-day computers.) Megabyte is
megabyte             kilobytes.                        abbreviated as MB.                             Essentials Glossary
                                   Glossary for Digital Manuals



                                                Memory is the working space used by a
                                                computer to hold the program that is
                                                currently running, along with the data it
                                                needs, and to run programs and process
                                                data. The main memory is built from
                                                Random Access Memory (RAM) chips. The
                                                amount of memory available determines
                                                the size of programs that can be run, and
                                                whether more than one program can run at
                                                a time. Main memory is temporary, and is
                                                lost when the computer is turned off. It is
                                                distinguished from more permanent
                                                internal Read Only Memory (ROM) which
                Memory is the working space contains the computer's essential
                used by a computer to hold      programs, and storage (the disks and tapes
                the program that is currently which are used to store data). In the
                running, along with the data it general sense, it can be any device that can
                needs, and to run programs      hold data in machine-readable format. Also
memory          and process data.               see RAM and ROM.                               Essentials Glossary

                                               Metacognition includes the mental
                                               processes that allow individuals to think
                                               about thinking or know about knowing.
                                               Metacognition involves being aware of one's
                                               thinking process, being able to self-
                                               monitor, and able to learn from one's own
                                               learning and thinking patterns.
                                               "Metacognition refers to one’s knowledge
                Metacognition includes the     concerning one’s own cognitive processes
                mental processes that allow    or anything related to them, e.g., the
                individuals to think about     learning-relevant properties of information
                thinking or know about         or data." (Metacognitive aspects of problem
metacognition   knowing.                       solving , 1976, p. 232).                             PBA Glossary
                                   Glossary for Digital Manuals



                                                 Metacognitive relates to the mental
                                                 processes that allow individuals to think
                                                 about their thinking or learn about their
                Metacognitive relates to the     learning. Learning that is metacognitive
                mental processes that allow      includes the process and practice of being
                individuals to think about       aware of one's thinking process, being able
                their thinking or learn about    to self-monitor, and able to learn from
metacognitive   their learning                   one's own learning and thinking patterns.                TwT M2
                                                 Multimedia is communication that uses any
                                                 combination of different media, and may or
                                                 may not involve computers. Multimedia
                Multimedia is communication      may include text, spoken audio, music,
                that uses any combination of     sounds, images, animation and video. Often
                different media, and may or      multimedia also includes hyperlinked text
multimedia      may not involve computers.       and objects.                                  Essentials Glossary
                                                 Net earnings is the difference between the
                                                 earnings and expenses. It refers to the
                                                 excess of earnings over expenses. If the
                                                 Net Earnings are negative, it means that
                                                 the business is incurring a loss. Negative
                                                 net earnings are often seen in the initial
                                                 phase of the business as start-up expenses
                                                 are often high, and it takes time before
                Net earnings is the difference   earnings exceed expenses.
                between the earnings and
Net Earnings    expenses.                                                                           TEN Glossary
                A network is a group of
                interconnected computers,
                including the hardware and       A network is a group of interconnected
                software used to connect         computers, including the hardware and
network         them.                            software used to connect them.                Essentials Glossary
                                        Glossary for Digital Manuals



                                                       Objectives are learning targets that
                                                       students are expected to master by the end
                                                       of a prescribed time. Objectives can be
                                                       higher-order thinking skills, habits, subject-
                                                       specific skills, process skills, behaviors, or
                     Objectives are learning           performance related. Objectives should be
                     targets that students are         measureable, observable, and assessable.
                     expected to master by the         Objectives should be written so they are
objectives           end of a prescribed time.         student-friendly and content specific.                TwT M2 a1.s2

                     Office premises is the physical
                     place where work related          Office premises is the physical place where
                     tasks are typically performed     work related tasks are typically performed
                     in many businesses that           in many businesses that employ office
Office premises      employ office workers.            workers.                                              TEN Glossary

                                                       Offline means logically or physically
                                                       disconnected from a computer, computer
                                                       network, or the Internet. For example, a CD
                     Offline means logically or        is offline storage. A Web page that has
                     physically disconnected from      been downloaded or saved so that it can be
                     a computer, computer              read while not connected to the Internet is
offline              network, or the Internet.         for offline viewing.                             Essentials Glossary

                     One-time costs are costs that
                     are incurred when you start    One-time costs are costs that are incurred
                     your business and are not a    when you start your business and are not a
One- time costs      part of repeated spending.     part of repeated spending.                               TEN Glossary
                                                    Ongoing assessment takes place for a
                     Monitoring of student learning variety of purposes at different stages of
                     that occurs throughout the     instruction. It is accomplished with different
ongoing assessment   instructional cycle            methods and instruments.                                Essentials, M2
                                              Glossary for Digital Manuals



                           Ongoing/Recurring costs are
                           costs that have to be incurred
                           regularly (every month,          Ongoing/Recurring costs are costs that
                           quarter, or year) in order to    have to be incurred regularly (every month,
                           perform the relevant business    quarter, or year) in order to perform the
Ongoing/Recurring Costs    operations.                      relevant business operations.                      TEN Glossary
                           Open-ended questions are
                           questions that allow the
                           respondents to write their       Open-ended questions are questions that
                           own thoughts, rather than        allow the respondents to write their own
                           select from the given            thoughts, rather than select from the given
Open-ended questions       answers.                         answers.                                           TEN Glossary
                           Open-mindedness is a
                           willingness to consider and      Open-mindedness is a willingness to
open-mindedness            accept new ideas                 consider and accept new ideas                      PBA Glossary
                                                            An operating system is the main control
                           An operating system is the       program of a computer that schedules
                           main control program of a        tasks, manages storage, and handles
                           computer that schedules          communication with peripherals. Often
                           tasks, manages storage, and      abbreviated as OS or "o/s." Microsoft
                           handles communication with       Windows, UNIX, Linux, and Macintosh are
operating system           peripherals.                     all operating systems.                        Essentials Glossary
                           Organisational chart is a        Organisational chart is a visual
                           visual representation of the     representation of the organisational
Organisational Chart       organisational structure.        structure.                                         TEN Glossary
                           Organisational structure is a
                           formal arrangement of
                           departments and job              Organisational structure is a formal
                           designations across the          arrangement of departments and job
Organisational Structure   organisation.                    designations across the organisation.              TEN Glossary
                                            Glossary for Digital Manuals


                                                          A PDF is a platform-independent PostScript-
                                                          based file format that is created by the
                                                          program, Adobe Acrobat. Acrobat can
                                                          convert a DOS, Windows, UNIX, or
                         A PDF is a platform-             Macintosh document into a Portable
                         independent file which is a      Document Format (PDF) that can be
PDF (Portable Document   common way to share data or displayed on any computer with the free
Format)                  documents.                       Adobe Reader.                                  Essentials Glossary
                         Of or relating to teaching
                         strategies, instructional
                         methods, and style; any          Of or relating to teaching strategies,
                         aspect of educating students instructional methods, and style; any
                         that relates to the art of       aspect of educating students that relates to
pedagogical              teaching.                        the art of teaching.                                TwT Overview
                                                          Place is the place of availability or the
                                                          distribution method through which the
                                                          customers obtain the product or service.
                                                          This is one of the 4 Ps and decisions are
                                                          taken on how to make the product or
                                                          service available to the customer as a part
                         Place is the place of            of your Marketing Strategy. They include
                         availability or the distribution identifying the various methods of
                         method through which the         distribution and making a choice amongst
                         customers obtain the product them for delivering the product or service
Place (Distribution)     or service.                      to the customer.                                    TEN Glossary

                                                      Platform relates to specific computer
                                                      hardware, as in the phrase "platform-
                                                      independent." A computer's platform is the
                         Platform relates to specific underlying hardware or software for an
                         computer hardware, as in the operating system. The platform is the basic
                         phrase "platform-            system on which applications execute. Two
platform                 independent."                common platforms are PC and Macintosh.             Essentials Glossary
                                            Glossary for Digital Manuals


                         A portal is a Web site that
                         offers a great amount of
                         content and services, either    A portal is a Web site that offers a great
                         on many subjects (such as       amount of content and services, either on
                         Yahoo! or About.com) or on a    many subjects (such as Yahoo! or
                         specific subject (like          About.com) or on a specific subject (like
portal                   education).                     education).                                     Essentials Glossary
                         Press releases are
                         announcements made to news
                         media which mention
                         achievements of or              Press releases are announcements made to
                         information related to the      news media which mention achievements of
Press releases           business.                       or information related to the business.              TEN Glossary

                                                         Price is the amount for which a product or
                                                         service is sold to the customer. This is one
                         Price is the amount for which of the 4 Ps and decisions are taken on the
                         a product or service is sold to price that should be set for the product or
Price                    the customer.                   service as a part of the Marketing Strategy.         TEN Glossary
                         An instructional approach
                         where students develop
                         solutions to complex            An instructional approach where students
problem-based learning   problems.                       develop solutions to complex problems.               PBA Glossary
                                                         Product (Service) positioning is the process
                                                         through which the product or service is
                                                         established in the market. This is one of the
                         Product (Service) positioning 4Ps and decisions are taken about the
                         is the process through which product or service including branding,
Product (Service)        the product or service is       labeling, packaging etc. as part of the
Positioning              established in the market.      Marketing Strategy.                                  TEN Glossary
                         Production is the function
                         performed to make the           Production is the function performed to
                         product or service ready for    make the product or service ready for use
Production               use by the customer.            by the customer.                                     TEN Glossary
                                         Glossary for Digital Manuals


                                                      Projects concentrate on scenarios that
                                                      provide rich learning opportunities. They
                                                      involve students in problem solving
                                                      investigations and other meaningful tasks.
                      Projects concentrate on         Projects establish connections to life
                      scenarios that provide rich     outside the classroom and address real
project               learning opportunities.         world concerns.                                   TwT M1 A5

                                                     A project approach to learning
                                                     encompasses some aspects of project-
                                                     based learning: Projects concentrate on
                      A project approach to learning scenarios that provide rich learning
                      encompasses some aspects of opportunities. They involve students in
                      project-based learning:        problem solving investigations and other
                      Projects concentrate on        meaningful tasks. Projects establish
                      scenarios that provide rich    connections to life outside the classroom
project approach      learning opportunities.        and address real world concerns.                      TwT M2

                                                      The Project Description in an Intel Teach
                                                      thinking tool project is a focused, short
                                                      paragraph that describes the project to
                      The Project Description in an your students and explains how they will
                      Intel Teach thinking tool       use the thinking tool to help them answer
                      project is a focused, short     the questions of the project. The Project
                      paragraph that describes the Description should be able to convey in a
                      project to your students and    few sentences why this is a project or
                      explains how they will use the problem that is worthy of study, as well as
                      thinking tool to help them      define what your students will be trying to
                      answer the questions of the     solve, produce, respond to, test,
project description   project.                        recommend, or find out.                         TwT Glossary
                      The Project Folder is a single The Project Folder is a single folder with
                      folder with several subfolders several subfolders that contains all the files
                      that contains all the files and and resources related to a complete Unit
                      resources related to a          Portfolio or project, specifically, the Unit
                      complete Unit Portfolio or      Plan, assessments, student samples, and
Project Folder        project.                        support materials.                              TwT Overview
                                      Glossary for Digital Manuals



                                                  A Project Question is the direct question or
                                                  prompt in an Intel Teach thinking tool
                   A Project Question is the      project that students will respond to in their
                   direct question or prompt in   thinking tool space. The question or prompt
                   an Intel Teach thinking tool   and the resulting investigation will provide
                   project that students will     a foundation on which students will build
                   respond to in their thinking   understanding around the complexities of
Project Question   tool space.                    the project or problem.                          TwT Glossary

                                                 Project-based learning encompasses the
                                                 following criteria: 1. Students are at the
                                                 center of the learning process. 2. Project
                                                 work aligns with standards and is central to
                                                 the curriculum. 3. Projects are driven by
                                                 Curriculum-Framing Questions. 4. Projects
                                                 involve ongoing and multiple types of
                                                 assessment. 5. The project has real-world
                                                 connections. 6. Students demonstrate
                                                 knowledge through a product or
                   Project-based places students performance. 7. Technology supports and
                   at the center of the learning enhances student learning. 8. Thinking
                   process where they learn by   skills are integral to project work. 9.
                   engaging with projects with   Instructional strategies are varied and
project-based      real-world connections.       support multiple learning styles.                      TwT M2
                                           Glossary for Digital Manuals



                                                       Project-based learning encompasses the
                                                       following criteria: 1. Students are at the
                                                       center of the learning process. 2. Project
                                                       work aligns with standards and is central to
                                                       the curriculum. 3. Projects are driven by
                                                       Curriculum-Framing Questions. 4. Projects
                                                       involve ongoing and multiple types of
                                                       assessment. 5. The project has real-world
                                                       connections. 6. Students demonstrate
                                                       knowledge through a product or
                         Project-based places students performance. 7. Technology supports and
                         at the center of the learning enhances student learning. 8. Thinking
                         process where they learn by   skills are integral to project work. 9.
                         engaging with projects with   Instructional strategies are varied and
Project-based learning   real-world connections.       support multiple learning styles.                   Essentials, M1

                                                        Promotion is the process by which
                                                        information about the product or service is
                                                        made known to the customer. This is one of
                                                        the 4 Ps and decisions are taken on the
                                                        different ways to communicate the value
                                                        and utility of the product or service to the
                         Promotion is the process by    buyer as a part of the Marketing Strategy.
                         which information about the    They include decisions on promotional
                         product or service is made     strategy, advertising methods, choice of
Promotion                known to the customer.         advertising media and so on.                        TEN Glossary

                         A communications protocol is
                         a set of rules or standards    A communications protocol is a set of rules
                         designed so that computers     or standards designed so that computers
                         can exchange information       can exchange information with a minimum
protocol                 with a minimum of errors.      of errors.                                     Essentials Glossary
                                            Glossary for Digital Manuals


                         When something created is in
                         the "public domain," it      When something created is in the "public
                         belongs to the public and is domain," it belongs to the public and is not
public domain            not protected by copyright.  protected by copyright.                             Essentials Glossary
                                                      RAM is the memory that is available on a
                                                      computer for storing data and programs
                                                      currently being processed. It is
                         RAM is the memory that is    automatically erased when the power is
                         available on a computer for  turned off. Information in the RAM that
RAM (Random Access       storing data and programs    needs to be stored for future use must be
Memory)                  currently being processed.   saved onto a disk or a tape.                        Essentials Glossary

                         Rating scale is a tool used to    Rating scale is a tool used to measure
Rating scale             measure Quantitative Data.        Quantitative Data.                                  TEN Glossary

                         Reasoning is the ability to use
                         logical thinking to evaluate      Reasoning is the ability to use logical
                         evidence, form opinions, and      thinking to evaluate evidence, form
reasoning                solve problems.                   opinions, and solve problems.                       PBA Glossary
                         Reflection is a calm,
                         systematic, extended
                         consideration of ideas or         Reflection is a calm, systematic, extended
reflection               processes.                        consideration of ideas or processes.                PBA Glossary

                                                           ROM contains stored permanent systems
                         ROM contains stored               instructions, which are never changed; it
                         permanent systems                 holds its contents even when the power is
                         instructions, which are never     turned off. Data is placed in ROM only once,
                         changed; it holds its contents    and stays there permanently. ROM is
                         even when the power is            generally installed by the manufacturer as
ROM (Read Only Memory)   turned off.                       part of the system.                            Essentials Glossary
                               Glossary for Digital Manuals


                                               Rubrics are assessments that have a trait
                                               or collection of traits with specific criteria
                                               that clearly define for both student and
                                               teacher different levels of performance or
                                               product expectations. All rubrics contain
                                               common features which 1) Focus on
                                               measuring stated objectives of
          Rubrics are assessments that         performance, behavior, or quality (which
          have a trait or collection of        are called traits) and 2) Describe
          traits with specific criteria that   performance for each trait at several levels
          clearly define for both student      using descriptors. In the Assessing Projects
          and teacher different levels of      library, all rubrics have 4 levels of quality
          performance or product               or competency arranged from highest to
rubric    expectations.                        lowest level.                                    TwT M4 a1.s2
                                               Rubrics are assessments that have a trait
                                               or collection of traits with specific criteria
                                               that clearly define for both student and
                                               teacher different levels of performance or
                                               product expectations. All rubrics contain
                                               common features which 1) Focus on
                                               measuring stated objectives of
          Rubrics are assessments that         performance, behavior, or quality (which
          have a trait or collection of        are called traits) and 2) Describe
          traits with specific criteria that   performance for each trait at several levels
          clearly define for both student      using descriptors. In the Assessing Projects
          and teacher different levels of      library, all rubrics have 4 levels of quality
          performance or product               or competency arranged from highest to
rubrics   expectations.                        lowest level.                                        TwT M11
                                      Glossary for Digital Manuals



                                                   A scaffold is a resource or support to help
                                                   students learn to be independent learners
                                                   and complete tasks that would normally be
                                                   beyond their ability without instruction. A
                                                   scaffold could be a design or content
                   A scaffold is a resource or     template, a checklist, outline, how-to
                   support to help students learn instructions, or any other type of support
                   to be independent learners      that helps a student complete a task or
                   and complete tasks that         project independently. The goal of a
                   would normally be beyond        scaffold is to facilitate learning so that
                   their ability without           students eventually will be able to complete
scaffold           instruction.                    the task without the scaffold.                      TwT Overview
                   A scoring guide includes
                   description of the criteria for
                   assessing student work or
                   processes, levels of            A scoring guide includes description of the
                   achievement for each            criteria for assessing student work or
                   criterion, and a method of      processes, levels of achievement for each
                   assigning points to facilitate  criterion, and a method of assigning points
scoring guide      grading.                        to facilitate grading.                              PBA Glossary

                                                  A search directory is a remotely accessible
                                                  program that lets you do keyword searches
                                                  for information on the Internet. A directory
                                                  is a catalog of sites collected and organized
                                                  by people. Subject directories are often
                   A search directory is a        called subject "trees" because they start
                   remotely accessible program    with a few main categories and then branch
                   that lets you do keyword       out into subcategories, topics, and
                   searches for information on    subtopics. Yahoo!* is the most common
search directory   the Internet.                  search directory.                               Essentials Glossary
                                        Glossary for Digital Manuals


                                                   A search engine is a remotely accessible
                                                   program that lets you do keyword searches
                                                   for information on the Internet. There are
                                                   several types of search engines; the search
                     A search engine is a remotely may cover titles of documents, URLs,
                     accessible program that lets  headers, or the full text. Examples of
                     you do keyword searches for search engines are AltaVista*,Google*, and
search engine        information on the Internet.  Lycos*.                                          Essentials Glossary


                                                    The Seeing Reason Tool is an online tool
                                                    for mapping cause-and-effect relationships.
                                                    Students create visual representations of
                                                    the factors and relationships in a cause-and-
                                                    effect investigation. The Seeing Reason
                                                    causal mapping tool is useful in the
                                                    investigation of content within a project
                     The Seeing Reason Tool is an that involves multiple influences (factors)
                     online tool for mapping cause- that impact other outcomes in a system.
Seeing Reason Tool   and-effect relationships.      www.intel.com/education/seeingreason                 TwT Glossary
                     Self-direction is a 21st
                     century skill that enables an
                     individual to monitor his or
                     her own understanding and
                     learning needs, locate         Self-direction is a 21st century skill that
                     appropriate resources,         enables an individual to monitor his or her
                     transfer learning from one     own understanding and learning needs,
                     domain to another, and         locate appropriate resources, transfer
                     maintain accountability and    learning from one domain to another, and
self-direction       adaptability.                  maintain accountability and adaptability.            PBA Glossary
                     Selling price is the amount
                     that is charged to customers Selling price is the amount that is charged
                     for each unit of product or    to customers for each unit of product or
Selling price        service.                       service.                                             TEN Glossary
                                           Glossary for Digital Manuals



                                                        A server is a special device used to "serve"
                                                        a system or facility. A server is a computer
                                                        in a client/server architecture that supplies
                                                        files or services. The computer that
                        A server is a special device    requests services is called the client. The
                        used to "serve" a system or     client may request file transfer, remote
server                  facility.                       logon, printing, or other available services.   Essentials Glossary

                                                        Shareware is copyrighted software, but
                        Shareware is copyrighted        may be downloaded and used for a limited
                        software, but may be            time for free, after which the user is asked
                        downloaded and used for a       to voluntarily send the author a small
                        limited time for free, after    payment. Some shareware products offer
                        which the user is asked to      additional features, documentation,
                        voluntarily send the author a   technical support, and/or updates to
shareware               small payment.                  registered users.                               Essentials Glossary
                                                        A "shortcut" is Microsoft Corporation's term
                        A "shortcut" is Microsoft       for a link to a file from an alternate, more
                        Corporation's term for a link   convenient location. On the Macintosh*,
                        to a file from an alternate,    Apple Corporation refers to a shortcut as an
shortcut                more convenient location.       alias.                                          Essentials Glossary


                                                        The Showing Evidence Tool is an online tool
                                                        for constructing an argument or hypothesis
                                                        and supporting it with evidence. Students
                                                        learn how to prove their case by weighing
                                                        the quality and strength of their evidence
                                                        with the use of a visual framework. The
                                                        Showing Evidence case is designed to help
                        The Showing Evidence Tool is students analyze a controversial issue,
                        an online tool for constructing debatable topic, moral or ethical dilemma,
                        an argument or hypothesis       social issue, or a challenge to an existing
                        and supporting it with          opinion.
Showing Evidence Tool   evidence.                       www.intel.com/education/showingevidence              TwT Glossary
                                      Glossary for Digital Manuals



                   Special offers are promotional
                   and sales offers by the
                   business, usually in the form    Special offers are promotional and sales
                   of selling the products or       offers by the business, usually in the form
                   services at reduced prices for   of selling the products or services at
Special offers     a limited period of time.        reduced prices for a limited period of time.         TEN Glossary

                                                    A spreadsheet is a file designed in a grid
                                                    pattern in order to display content in rows
                                                    and columns in order to store and work
                                                    with data. Spreadsheets are used for
                   A spreadsheet is a file          accounting, budgeting, financial analysis,
                   designed in a grid pattern in    scientific applications, databases, and other
                   order to display content in      work that analyzes or organizes numbers
                   rows and columns in order to     and text. A spreadsheet is called a
spreadsheet        store and work with data.        worksheet in Microsoft Excel*.                  Essentials Glossary

                                                    Startup costs are costs that are incurred at
                                                    the time of setting up business. While some
                   Startup costs are costs that     of these may have to be incurred regularly
                   are incurred at the time of      to keep the business running, others are
Startup Costs      setting up business.             incurred only once during the initial phase.         TEN Glossary
                   Student-centered learning is a
                   model in which students
                   participate actively in their
                   own learning by asking and     Student-centered learning is a model in
                   answering their own            which students participate actively in their
                   questions, solving problems, own learning by asking and answering their
                   and constructing their own     own questions, solving problems, and
                   understanding of important     constructing their own understanding of
student-centered   concepts and skills.           important concepts and skills.                    Essentials Glossary
                                                 Glossary for Digital Manuals



                                                            Student-centered activities engage students
                                                            in working with content to construct
                                                            meaning, rather than passively consuming
                              Learning experiences in which content from a textbook, teacher, or other
                              students are actively engaged resource. Example student-centered
                              constructing meaning from     activities are discussions, research projects,
student-centered activities   content                       and creative products.                             Essentials, M2

                              Student-centered assessment
                              includes teacher, student, and
                              peer assessment. With            Student-centered assessment includes
                              student-centered assessment,     teacher, student, and peer assessment.
                              assessment moves from solely     With student-centered assessment,
                              being in the teacher's           assessment moves from solely being in the
student-centered              responsiblity to the student     teacher's responsiblity to the student and
assessment                    and teacher.                     teacher.                                        TwT Overview

                                                               Student-centered assessments examine the
                                                               learning of individual students with multiple
                           Data on learning that focuses       methods throughout the instructional cycle.
                           on learning goals for               These assessments include self- and peer
                           individual students
student-centered assessments                                   assessment as well as teacher assessment.       Essentials, M2
                           Student-centered learning is a
                           model in which students
                           participate actively in their
                           own learning by asking and          Student-centered learning is a model in
                           answering their own                 which students participate actively in their
                           questions, solving problems,        own learning by asking and answering their
                           and constructing their own          own questions, solving problems, and
                           understanding of important          constructing their own understanding of
student-centered learning  concepts and skills.                important concepts and skills.                        TwT M2
                                             Glossary for Digital Manuals



                          Student-led conferences are
                          meetings in which students
                          select and prepare materials     Student-led conferences are meetings in
                          on reflection and goal-setting   which students select and prepare materials
                          for discussion with teachers     on reflection and goal-setting for discussion
student-led conferences   and/or parents.                  with teachers and/or parents.                        PBA Glossary

                                                         Success factors are factors which contribute
                                                         to the success of a business. These could be
                                                         existing qualities of a business or
                          Success factors are factors    significant areas of performance where a
                          which contribute to the        business must do well in order to achieve
Success Factors           success of a business.         the business goals.                                    TEN Glossary
                                                         Summative assessments are assessments
                                                         that occur at the end of a unit or project
                                                         and provide students with opportunities to
                                                         demonstrate their understanding and skill.
                          Summative assessments are Examples include assessments that allow
                          assessments that occur at the students to showcase their ability to
                          end of a unit or project and   present an idea or culminating project,
                          provide students with          perform a procedure for others, and
                          opportunities to demonstrate practice and apply information as they
summative assessment      their understanding and skill. develop skills.                                   Essentials Glossary
                                                         Summative assessments are assessments
                                                         that occur at the end of a unit or project
                                                         and provide students with opportunities to
                                                         demonstrate their understanding and skill.
                          Summative assessments are Examples include assessments that allow
                          assessments that occur at the students to showcase their ability to
                          end of a unit or project and   present an idea or culminating project,
                          provide students with          perform a procedure for others, and
                          opportunities to demonstrate practice and apply information as they
summative assessments     their understanding and skill. develop skills.                                   Essentials Glossary
                                          Glossary for Digital Manuals


                       Survey questionnaire is a
                       method of collecting
                       information by posing a series Survey questionnaire is a method of
                       of questions and requires      collecting information by posing a series of
                       respondents to give answers    questions and requires respondents to give
Survey Questionnaire   or information.                answers or information.                        TEN Glossary
                                                      SWOT analysis is a method used to
                                                      examine the strengths, weaknesses,
                                                      opportunities and threats of a business.
                                                      Strengths and weaknesses are typically
                                                      based on the factors found in the
                                                      organisation itself such as the employees,
                                                      the qualities of the product or service etc.
                       SWOT analysis is a method      Opportunities and threats are most
                       used to examine the            frequently based on the factors outside of
                       strengths, weaknesses,         the organisation such as competitors,
                       opportunities and threats of a market conditions, etc., but could also
SWOT Analysis          business.                      include internal factors.                      TEN Glossary

                       Systems thinking is a method
                       of analysis that emphasizes      Systems thinking is a method of analysis
                       the complexity of systems and    that emphasizes the complexity of systems
                       the way that the parts of a      and the way that the parts of a system
systems thinking       system interrelate.              interrelate.                                 PBA Glossary
                                   Glossary for Digital Manuals



                                               Tagging or social bookmarking Web sites
                                               allows individuals and groups to save and
                                               annotate Web sites for later use, but also
                                               makes it easy to share and "tag" Web sites
                                               with key words. These tags are used to
                                               categorize and organize favorite Web sites
                                               so other users can take those bookmarks
                                               and add them to their own collection. A
                Tagging or social              social bookmarking site is also like a search
                bookmarking Web sites allows engine, except that it only searches entries
                individuals and groups to save on its database that other people have
                and annotate Web sites for     recommended (or tagged). Usually these
                later use, but also makes it   resources have a toolbar that can be
                easy to share and "tag" Web installed on a web browser for quick saving
tagging         sites with key words.          of resources.                                   TwT Glossary
                Tagline are few words that
                help in association and
                recollection of the product or Tagline are few words that help in
                service offered by your        association and recollection of the product
Tagline         business.                      or service offered by your business.            TEN Glossary
                Tagline are few words that
                help in association and
                recollection of the product or Tagline are few words that help in
                service offered by your        association and recollection of the product
Taglines        business.                      or service offered by your business.            TEN Glossary

                Target market is a group of    Target market is a group of customers
                customers which offer          which offer maximum potential as
                maximum potential as           prospective buyers and for whom a product
                prospective buyers and for     or a service is offered. The business offers
                whom a product or a service    products and services according to the
Target market   is offered.                    needs and preferences of the target market.     TEN Glossary
                                          Glossary for Digital Manuals


                                                        A taskbar is the narrow strip along the
                                                        bottom edge (or side) of the Windows
                       A taskbar is the narrow strip    operating system. The taskbar can be used
                       along the bottom edge (or        to switch from one task to another. It can
                       side) of the Windows             also be dragged around with the mouse and
taskbar                operating system                 adjusted in size.                             Essentials Glossary
                                                        TCP/IP is a set of protocols used to allow
                                                        computers to share resources across a
                                                        network. These protocols support file
TCP/IP (Transmission   TCP/IP is a set of protocols     transfer, remote logon, and electronic mail
Control                used to allow computers to       between userson the different host
Protocol/Information   share resources across a         computers on the network. See also
Protocol               network.                         Internet IP Address.                          Essentials Glossary
                       Think-aloud is a teaching and
                       learning strategy in which
                       students or teachers vocalize    Think-aloud is a teaching and learning
                       their thoughts, feelings, and    strategy in which students or teachers
                       opinions while working on a      vocalize their thoughts, feelings, and
think-aloud            task.                            opinions while working on a task.                  PBA Glossary
                       Online thinking tools are
                       active learning places where
                       students can engage in robust
                       discussions, analyze complex     Online thinking tools are active learning
                       information, design visual       places where students can engage in robust
                       representations of an issue,     discussions, analyze complex information,
                       pursue investigations, and       design visual representations of an issue,
thinking tools         solve problems.                  pursue investigations, and solve problems.         TwT Overview

                       Think-pair-share is a
                       discussion strategy where the
                       teacher poses a question,        Think-pair-share is a discussion strategy
                       students think about the         where the teacher poses a question,
                       question, and then pair with a   students think about the question, and then
think-pair-share       partner to discuss ideas.        pair with a partner to discuss ideas.              PBA Glossary
                                     Glossary for Digital Manuals


                                                  Timeline is a schedule that shows set goals,
                 Timeline is a schedule that      events or activities during a particular time
                 shows set goals, events or       period.
                 activities during a particular
Timeline         time period.                                                                      TEN Glossary
                                                 The topics assessed in a rubric are divided
                                                 into traits, or dimensions of learning. Often,
                                                 categories specific to an assessment are
                                                 located in the column on the far left side of
                                                 the assessment. They describe the
                                                 measurable objectives of performance,
                 The topics assessed in a rubric behavior, or quality. Example: In an oral
                 are divided into traits, or     presentation—eye contact, pace,
traits           dimensions of learning.         expression, and so forth.                        TwT M4 ea.s2
                 Unit is a single quantity of    Unit is a single quantity of your product or
Unit             your product or service.        service.                                          TEN Glossary

                                                The Unit Portfolio includes the following
                                                items created and used during the course:
                                                - Assessments
                 The collection of work created - Course Resources
                 in the course including:       - Images and Sounds
                 assessments, resources,        - Student Sample
                 images, sounds, student        - Unit Plan
Unit Portfolio   samples, and unit plans.       - Unit Support                                    Essentials, M1
                                           Glossary for Digital Manuals




                                                          Unit Questions are used to introduce and
                                                          guide the work of a particular unit of study.
                        Unit Questions are used to        Unit Questions are open-ended questions
                        introduce and guide the work that help students demonstrate how well
                        of a particular unit of study.    they understand the core concepts of a
                        They are open-ended               project and build understanding for the
                        questions that help students      Essential Question. Unit Questions are more
                        demonstrate how well they         subject- and topic-specific, and therefore
                        understand the core concepts better suited for framing particular content
                        of a project and build            and inquiry, leading to the often more
                        understanding for the             subtle Essential Questions. (Understanding
Unit Questions          Essential Question.               by Design , 30).                                           TwT M2
                                                          The Unit Summary is a three to five
                                                          sentence description of the topics, key
                                                          activities, student products, and possible
                        A brief description of a project- roles students assume in the project
Unit Summary            based unit                        scenario                                            Essentials, M2

                                                         A URL is the address for an Internet Web
                                                         site, generally beginning: http://. It is a
                        A URL is the address for an      standard that specifies the location of an
URL (Uniform Resource   Internet Web site, generally     object on the Internet, such as a file or a
Locator)                beginning: http://.              newsgroup. See also domain name.                 Essentials Glossary
                        USP is a feature that
                        differentiates your product or
                        service from other similar       USP is a feature that differentiates your
                        products or services in the      product or service from other similar
USP-Unique Selling      market and makes it more         products or services in the market and
Proposition             attractive to the buyer.         makes it more attractive to the buyer.                TEN Glossary
                        Vendors are individuals or
                        organisations that supply        Vendors are individuals or organisations
                        goods and services to a          that supply goods and services to a
Vendors                 business.                        business.                                             TEN Glossary
                                         Glossary for Digital Manuals



                                                       The Visual Ranking Tool is an online tool
                                                       for prioritizing and ordering items in a list.
                                                       Using Visual Ranking , students identify and
                                                       refine criteria as they assign order or
                                                       ranking to a list. They must explain their
                      The Visual Ranking Tool is an reasoning and can compare their work with
                      online tool for prioritizing and each other in a visual diagram.
Visual Ranking Tool   ordering items in a list.        www.intel.com/education/visualranking                 TwT Glossary
                      Web page is a single page or
                      document appearing on the        Web page is a single page or document
Web page              Internet.                        appearing on the Internet.                            TEN Glossary
                      Web page is a single page or
                      document appearing on the        Web page is a single page or document
Web pages             Internet.                        appearing on the Internet.                            TEN Glossary
                      A Web site is: 1. Any
                      computer on the Internet
                      running a World Wide Web
                      server process. A particular
                      Web site is identified by the
                      hostname part of a URL (e.g., A Web site is: 1. Any computer on the
                      www.intel.com is the             Internet running a World Wide Web server
                      hostname of                      process. A particular Web site is identified
                      http://www.intel.com/educati by the hostname part of a URL (e.g.,
                      on). 2. Sets of Web pages        www.intel.com is the hostname of
                      that can be visited by           http://www.intel.com/education). 2. Sets of
Web site              browsers.                        Web pages that can be visited by browsers.       Essentials Glossary
                      Web site is a group of inter-
                      linked Web pages containing Web site is a group of inter-linked Web
                      information on a specific topic pages containing information on a specific
                      that can be accessed through topic that can be accessed through the
Web site              the Internet.                    Internet.                                             TEN Glossary
                              Glossary for Digital Manuals




                                          A WebQuest is an inquiry-oriented activity
                                          in which some or all of the information that
                                          learners interact with comes from resources
                                          on the Internet, optionally supplemented
                                          with videoconferencing. Short term
                                          WebQuests have the goal of knowledge
                                          acquisitionand integration and is designed
                                          to be completed in one to three class
                                          periods. Longerterm WebQuests have the
                                          goal of extending and refining knowledge.
                                          After completing a longer term WebQuest,
                                          a learner would have analyzed a body of
                                          knowledge deeply, transformed it in some
                                          way, and demonstrated an understanding
           A WebQuest is an inquiry-      of the material bycreating something that
           oriented activity in which     others can respond to, on-line or off-line. A
           some or all of the information longer term WebQuest will typically take
           that learners interact with    between one week and a month in a
           comes from resources on the classroom setting. (Source: Some Thoughts
           Internet, optionally           About WebQuests by Bernie Dodge
           supplemented with              http://edweb.sdsu.edu/courses/edtec596/a
WebQuest   videoconferencing.             bout_webquests.html)                             Essentials Glossary

           A wiki is a "type of website
           that allows the visitors
           themselves to easily add,
           remove, and otherwise edit       A wiki is a "type of website that allows the
           and change some available        visitors themselves to easily add, remove,
           content… This ease of            and otherwise edit and change some
           interaction and operation        available content… This ease of interaction
           makes a wiki an effective tool   and operation makes a wiki an effective
wiki       for collaborative authoring."    tool for collaborative authoring."                  TwT Glossary
                                          Glossary for Digital Manuals



                                                       A works cited list includes complete
                                                       reference information about all resources
                                                       mentioned in a document or presentation.
                                                       This list typically appears at the end of a
                                                       document and follows a strict format with
                       A list of resources referred to required information so users can consult
works cited            in a document or presentation original sources if they wish.                        Essentials, M3


                                                       The World Wide Web is also known as
                                                       WWW or the Web. The Web is a
                                                       hypermedia-based system for browsing
                                                       Internet sites. It is named the Web
                                                       because it is made of many sites linked
                                                       together; users can travel from one site to
                                                       another by clicking on hyperlinks. The
                                                       World Wide Web is a network of information
                                                       servers, principally the ones using HTTP to
                                                       serve up HTML documents. The servers are
                                                       linked, not in any tight or formal sense, but
                                                       because an HTML document from one
                                                       server might contain pointers to documents
                                                       on many other servers. On the Web,
                                                       everything (documents, menus, indexes) is
                                                       represented to the user as a hypertext
                       The World Wide Web is also      object in HTML format. Hypertext links refer
World Wide Web (WWW)   known as WWW or the Web.        to other documents by their URLs.               Essentials Glossary
                        Glossary for Digital Manuals


                                   A zip file, zipped file, or zipping a file
                                   refers to the compression and packaging of
                                   data files into an archive . The main two
                                   benefits for zipping files are to reduce file
                                   size and to encapsulate a large number of
      A zip file, zipped file, or  files into one file for easy transport.
      zipping a file refers to the Example of programs that create zip
      compression and packaging of archives are WinZip, PKZIP*, or
zip   data files into an archive.  PowerArchiver.                                  Essentials Glossary

				
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