04-Tsunami_Impacts-AttA-EWG_Report by panniuniu

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          APEC Virtual Task Force on Emergency Preparedness

                   APEC Energy Working Group report for
                   1st Meeting, Bali, Indonesia, 2-3 May 2005
Since 1998, the APEC Energy Working Group (EWG) has had an ongoing interest in
assisting Member Economies to develop their preparedness for mitigating the impact of,
and responding to, emergencies that affect the security of energy supply. Listed below
are a range of initiatives that are implemented under the EWG’s APEC Energy Security
Initiative:

1.     Earthquake Response Cooperation Initiative

This Initiative commenced in 2000. Under the Initiative, Chinese Taipei led a three year,
self-funded program, ‘Earthquake Response Cooperation Program for Energy Supply
Systems’, which completed its third and final phase in 2003. The program’s objective
was to:
   enhance and establish a mechanism on the sharing of information and experience
    among the member economics for preventing the damage of energy supply system
    during and after earthquakes;
   improve the regional capabilities for rehabilitating the energy supply systems;
   establish the networks of contingency mechanism to improve the regional security of
    energy supply; and
   promote the rescue cooperation and mitigate the impacts of earthquakes on energy
    supply infrastructure.

The Program produced a range of outputs, including a website for sharing information
(http://verity.erl.itri.org.tw/earthquake/), three project reports and a series of annual
seminars addressing the following topics:
• Past Earthquake Experiences Related to Energy Supply Infrastructure;
• Framework for Emergency Response of Energy Supply Systems;
• Earthquake Risk Assessment and Information Systems for Energy Supply
    Infrastructure;
• Earthquake Preparedness and Response Planning for Energy Supply Systems;
• Developing earthquake monitor and early warning system;
• Energy infrastructures restoration;
• Seismic design-construction standards, regulations and best practices for energy
    supply facilities;
• Cooperation mechanism.

From these seminars and other discussions, the Initiative developed several project
reports which were circulated to all Members Economies and area available from the
Program’s website (http://verity.erl.itri.org.tw/earthquake/document/report.htm): 1)
Earthquake Disaster Management of Energy Supply System of APEC Member



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Economies (2002); and 2) Seismic Codes and Standards of Energy Supply Systems
(2004).

On its completion, the Program proposed several activities to continue the Initiative,
including undertaking studies into the design and construction standards and codes, the
development of MOUs and Mutual Aid Agreements between energy suppliers, and
insurance for seismic damages. These proposals have yet to be adopted by the EWG.

2.      Real-Time Emergency Information Sharing

Commencing in 2002, this Japan-led initiative has resulted in the development of a Real-
Time Emergency Information Sharing System (RTEIS) for Member Economies to use in
the event of an energy emergency. The RTEIS is a secure, web-based mechanism
through which Member Economy emergency contacts can share energy data (eg monthly
oil data from the Joint Oil Data Initiative), post information (via a bulletin board) and
communicate in real-time (via a chat-system).

The RTEIS was completed and trialled by five Member Economies in 2004 (Australia;
Hong Kong, China; Japan; Republic of Korea and Singapore) and seventeen Member
Economies have provided emergency contacts. Further tests and refinements of the
RTEIS will be undertaken in 2005, as well as the development of an Operational Manual
that will help clarify issues regarding when the RTEIS is triggered and how it is to be
used. The Secretariat for the RTEIS is provided by the Tokyo-based Asia Pacific Energy
Research Centre.

3.      Energy Emergency Preparedness

In 2003 the EWG agreed that, as an information sharing mechanism to assist Member
Economies to have in place fully developed energy emergency preparedness plans, a
Member Economy would report at each EWG meeting (ie, twice yearly) their domestic
energy emergency arrangements.

To date, Australia, the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Korea have
reported their approaches to domestic energy security, including approaches to short-term
energy supply disruptions and critical infrastructure protection. Copies of these
presentations are circulated to EWG Members and posted on the EWG website.

4.      EWG Projects and Workshops

The EWG has undertaken a number of projects and workshops that consider the impact
of, and response to, energy supply disruptions which may result from natural disasters or
other major events:
    Assess the potential costs of energy supply disruptions’ in the APEC Region – To be
     completed in 2005, this project focuses on energy production and transportation,
     exploring the costs of energy supply disruptions and identifying possible strategies to
     respond. Preliminary findings include the need for Member Economies to develop


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    short and long-term strategies, promote energy diversification, undertake technology
    adoption and support regional cooperation.
In terms of building/rebuilding energy infrastructure:
   Cross-Border Power: A Report Addressing the Barriers to the Interconnection of
    Power Grids in APEC Member Economies – Completed in 2002, this project
    identifies the range of technical, political, legal and financial barriers to developing
    interconnected power grids, and proposes ways in which they can be overcome.
    Report available at: http://www.apecenergy.org.au/welcome/publications/Cross-
    Border_Power.pdf.
   Through its Expert Group on New and Renewable Energy Technologies and its multi-
    year, multi-project 21st Century Renewable Energy Development Initiative, the EWG
    has held several technical and policy workshops on the development of village power
    and distributed renewable energy systems.
   Since early 2004 the EWG and its Business Network (EBN) has held three workshops
    that have explored ways to facilitate investment in energy infrastructure, energy
    efficiency and renewable energy projects (Melbourne, Australia: February 2004;
    Hong Kong, China: March 2004; Hanoi, Viet Nam: March 2005). These have
    involved representatives from government, the APEC business community and
    private and multilateral financial institutions, and have resulted in the development of
    a series of best practice principles and recommendations, a number of which are
    being implemented by the EWG’s Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
    Financing Task Force.




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