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					PHARE Business Support Programme of the European Union
UEAPME - SME FIT II


European Legisolation on Food Safety

Valentina Bagozzi, Confartigianato




                                            YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     EU Food market : some figures


                           The EU market :
      370 millions of consumers
      is the world’s largest importer of food
      has the world’s first food processing industry


                 Food and Feed safety is a top priority in Europe




                                          YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Food safety policy development



      Legal framework for food safety legislation :
                               Art.3 Rome Treaty
      Free movement of products within the common market

      First step of legislation : from 70’s to 90’s

      Foodstuff crysis in 90’s                     : BSE (mad cow deseases, dioxin-
         contaminated feed )



                                          YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Food safety policy development

                                 1998 White Book on Food Safety

                                    sets a new strategic approach

           Food safety legal framework applies to the whole chain ( from
            farm to fork)
           Food safety is a primary responsibility of the production business
           Consumer’s right to make choices based on complete
            information about where food has come from and what it
            contains
           Action to enforce the rules and control the processes

                                          YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     UMBRELLA legislation from 2000-2006

           General food law –Regulation 178/2002
           Hygiene package : Regulations
           852/2004 on food hygiene
           853/2004 on food of animal origin
           854/2004 rules for official controls on pr. of animal origin
           183/2005 on feed hygiene
           882/2004 on official controls- feed and food law
           Food labelling – Directive 2000/13
           GMO regulations- Regulation 1829/2003 & 1830/2003
           Packaging and food contact materials- Regulation 1935/2004
           Nutritional labelling- Regulation 1924/2006


                                          YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Traceability


               means the ability to trace and follow a food, feed, food-
            producing animal or substance intended to be incorporated into
            a food or feed
               at all stages of production ( production, processing and
            distribution)
                downstream traceability :being able to identify any
            business from whom they have been supplied with a food item
               upstream traceability : being able to identify any business
            to which their products have been supplied


                                          YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     General food law – Regulation 178/2002

           Definitions of food and feed
           Covers the primary production including feed production and
            handling
           Forbids food to be placed on the market if it is unsafe
           Puts the responsibility on the food business operator (shall
            ensure that foods or feed satisfy the requirements of food law
            which are relevant to their activities)
            sets traceability of relevant product
           Foresees withdraw/ recall food/feed not in compliance with the
            food/feed safety requirements
           Sets up EFSA

                                          YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Import-Export Equivalence


                The rules apply, whether our food is produced in the EU or
            is imported from elsewhere in the world

               imported or exported food and feed shall comply with the
            relevant requirements of food law or conditions recognized by the
            EU to be al least equivalent with requirements of a specific
            agreement between EU and the exporting country




                                          YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Assessing the risk : the precautionary principle

            Before taking a policy decision about whether a food or feed product is
            safe to eat or whether to allow a particular ingredient or additive, the
            EU looks at the scientific advice.

            In managing the risk, the EU applies the ‘precautionary principle’: if
            there are reasonable grounds for suspecting there is a problem, the
            Commission acts to limit the risk. It does not necessarily need to wait
            for proof that there really is a risk

            The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) is responsible for advising
            the EU institutions, and in particular the European Commission, on all
            scientific aspects of food and feed production, processing and
            marketing.


                                          YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Food and Feed Hygiene package


           Covers the primary production up to and including placing on the
            market and export
           Any food business along the food chain shall :
      Adopt procedures necessary to achieve targets of the Reg. laid down in :
      o Annex I : General Hyg. measures for the primary production (post
          harvest treatment, trasport, storage of raw products)
      o Annex II : General Hyg. measures for all other stages of food chain (all
          food processors and distributors)
       Develop procedures according to HACCP principles
       All food facilities of a food business business operator shall be notified to
          relevant local competent authorities

                                          YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     HACCP principles

           Food businesses must identify each point in the production
            process critical to food safety.
           Once that is done, they must put in place, maintain and
            constantly review their safety procedures.
           HACCP principles is mandatory for the food processors and
            recommended in the primary production
           Some exemptions are allowed for smaller producers, or those in
            remote areas serving local markets, as the cost of these
            measures could be a threat to the survival of their business.
            Producers who are exempted from the hygiene rules can only
            sell their produce locally and only if the label indicates that
            normal rules do not apply.
                                          YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Labelling –Directive 2000/13


            The Directive applies to pre-packaged foodstuffs to be delivered
            to the final consumer or to restaurants, hospitals, canteens and
            other similar mass caterers

            It does not apply to products intended for export outside the
            Community.

            Labelling is regarded as a tool to protect consumer’s health



                                          YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Labelling –Directive 2000/13


            Labelling :
            shall enable the consumer to make his choice in full knowledge
            of the facts, informing and protecting the consumer

            shall not mislead the purchaser as to the characteristics of the
            foodstuff;

            shall not attribute to the foodstuff effects or properties which
            it does not possess


                                          YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Compulsory Labelling Particulars

      The labelling of foodstuffs must include the following:
      1 Name under which the product is sold :
           name laid down for the product by any relevant Community provisions
           or, in the absence of such provisions, in the legislative provisions of, or
           as generally used in, the Member State where the product is sold.
      2. List of ingredients
           must show all ingredients in descending order of weight
      3. The net quantity
      4. The date of minimum durability or the "use by" date;
      5. The name or business name and address of the manufacturer or
          packager or of a seller ;
             the Member States shall be authorised, in respect of butter produced
            in their territory, to require only an indication of the manufacturer,
            packager or seller
                                   YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Labelling – Allergen Declaration

      The presence of allergens must always be indicated on the labels
         using one of the ways :
      a) By the name under which is sold
      b) Under the specific name on allergen e.g. Wheat flour
      c) Using the word “contains” e.g. contains soya



            List of Allergen updated periodically that must be written in the
            label even if they’re present in small quantity ( last revision in
            2005)


                                          YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Labelling – Allergen Declaration


  Cereals containing gluten ( i.e. wheat, rye, barley, oats, spelt, kamut
      or their hybridised strains) and products thereof
  Crustaceans and products thereof
  Eggs and products thereof
  Fish and products thereof
  Peanuts and products thereof
  Soybeans and products thereof
  Milk and products thereof (including lactose)




                                          YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Labelling – Allergen Declaration
         Nuts i. e. Almond (Amygdalus communis L.), Hazelnut (Corylus
         avellana), Walnut (Juglans regia), Cashew (Anacardium
         occidentale), Pecan nut (Carya illinoiesis (Wangenh.) K. Koch),
         Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa), Pistachio nut (Pistacia vera),
         Macadamia nut and Queensland nut (Macadamia ternifolia) and
         products thereof
         Celery and products thereof
         Mustard and products thereof
         Sesame seeds and products thereof
         Sulphur dioxide and sulphites at concentrations of more than 10
         mg/kg or 10 mg/litre expressed as SO2."



                                          YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Labelling – Beef; OGM; Quinine and Caffeine

           Beef labels now have to show where the animal was born, reared, fattened,
            slaughtered and cut.
            Consumers also want to know whether a food contains a genetically modified
            product and to see from the label whether a food ingredient might trigger an
            allergy — other reasons for recent changes. If a food contains a GM product, or
            if a product derived from GM material was involved in producing it, then the
            label must say so.
           Special rules apply to certain foodstuffs. For example, the presence of quinine
            and caffeine in food must be clearly indicated.
           The challenge in designing modern food labelling rules is to
            strike a balance between giving consumers as much information
            as possible and not overloading the label with information that
            makes it difficult to read and understand

                                          YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     GMO Labelling

            Food, food ingredients and feed labels must indicate if the
            product comes from or contains genetically modified material
            even when the use of the technology cannot be detected in the
            end product, as with some table oil .The only exceptions to the
            ‘must label’ rule are where there is only a trace of genetically
            modified material which falls below a very low minimum
            content threshold. These thresholds acknowledge a reality with
            which the policy must work: it is virtually impossible for any
            product to be 100 % free of genetically modified material.
            Minute traces of GMOs or GM products can get into conventional
            food and feed during cultivation, harvest, transport or
            processing

                                          YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Beyond safety: quality and diversity



            It promotes quality through EU and international standards,
            through voluntary quality labels and the use of terms describing
            the type or origin of food and drink.




                                          YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Beyond safety: quality and diversity


           ‘Protected designation of origin’ PDO means that the product
            has been produced, processed and prepared in a given
            geographical area using recognised know-how.
           ‘Protected geographical indication’ PGI shows that, at some
            stage of its production, processing or preparation, this product
            has a link with a particular geographical area.
           ‘Traditional speciality guaranteed’ TSG means that traditional
            production methods or ingredients have been used.
           ‘Organic farming’ is the label for a product in which at least
            95% of the ingredients have been organically produced



                                          YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
     Labelling


                               Labelling of origin
      an Italian proposal to enhance protection of traditional foodstuffs

      Consists on the proposal to mention in the label the origin of the raw
      material used for the processing of the food stuff

      Consumers pays increasingly higher attention to 0 km productions

      Consumers want to know if foodstuffs is really made in Italy or not

                                          YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.
PHARE Business Support Programme of the European Union
UEAPME - SME FIT II
                                         Thank you!
              Relevant Databases for Relevant Activity

           Valentina Bagozzi - Confartigianato
                        contacts:
           valentina.bagozzi@confartigianato.it




                                            YOUR LOGO

This project is funded by the European Union under the PHARE Business Support Programme and implemented by UEAPME and
its partners. The content of this document does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the European Commission.

				
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