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Geog 271 Spring 2007

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					      Geog 271: Spring 2007
      Thursday 26th April

                                      Mid-Term Review session

      The best way to direct your review for the mid-term exam is to focus on the key
      concepts that are highlighted each week in lecture, developing your understanding of
      them through the readings. The key questions provided in lecture are also intended to
      guide you.

      1. The key concepts

      In pairs or small groups list the key concepts for weeks 1 -4. Try to define these in your
      own words. Which concepts are still unclear to you? Discuss these together, using the
      readings and lecture notes to clarify them.

Week 1:                 Week 2:                       Week 3:                      Week 4:
 Food and the Body        Eating In: Food and the      Eating My Identity: Food    Part 1: Thinking Food
                                  Family                and the Construction of    Nationally
                                                             Community             (Michael Pollan’s reading
                                                                                   on The Industrialization
                                                                                   of Food)




      Are there any concepts you want to cover as a class?                                Have one
      member of your group come to the front of the lecture theatre and note these down on the
      lecture overhead using the pens available. If we have time we will ask students to cover these
      in the last 10-15 minutes of our review session.
2. Practice questions

The exam will consist of between 30 and 35 multiple choice questions very similar to the
ones listed below. Each question is based on a key concept from the course, one of the
readings or the lecture/ film material. In the exam you should choose the best answer based
on the information provided to you in this class. Please read each question carefully and
completely before answering.

Here are a couple of examples of the kinds of question you can expect. Use your reading
packet and lecture notes to answer these questions in your small groups/ pairs.

1. STRUCTURATION THEORY is useful because
    a) it shows how the gender division of labor works in the household.
    b) it is a key element in understanding the Panopticon
    c) it reveals the interplay between individual action and intention and social structures
    and processes.
    d) it reveals the role of poverty in shaping eating disorders.

2. Marx‟s concept of REPRODUCTIVE LABOR:
    a) refers to minimum wage work that does not support the needs of a family
    b) is work that is biologically determined
    c) refers to childbearing
    d) includes cooking and serving food at home

3. The MOST significant change in American cookbooks over the last 100 years has been:
    a) the increase in chicken and salad recipes
    b) the increased use of processed foods and ingredients
    c) the increase in the number and complexity of the recipes
    d) the incorporation of the ideal of ecological eating

4. The „Nuclear Family‟…
    a) may be exemplified by „The Simpsons‟ (yes that‟s Homer, Bart, Marge…)-- the
        family norm of two heterosexual parents and an average of 2-3 children.
    b) is a family household in which, for example, one parent is absent or a same sex
        couple live.
    c) as defined by Bell and Valentine, this is a family affected by household radiation in
        the „era of the microwave‟ and the consumption of highly processed foods.
    d) none of the above

5. According to Lisa Heldke in Let’s Cook Thai CULTURAL FOOD COLONIALISM in
ethnic cooking and eating is defined as
    a) eating reflexively.
    b) the food adventurer‟s quest for the exotic and novel.
    c) the lack of genuine collaboration between cookbook authors and recipe providers.
    d) a and c
    e) b and c

6. BANAL NATIONALISM
    a) reveals the growth of anti-patriotism within a country
    b) is the construction of the nation through military force and religion
    c) is the everyday and commonplace construction of, and connection to, a „nation‟. This
       may be expressed through websites or cookbooks
    d) is the construction of the nation through marginalized groups.
7. In Greg Critser‟s article Let Them Eat Fat on obesity in the US, one of the main parts of
the CULTURAL APPARATUS he critiques is:
    a) the entertainment industry as part of the toxic food environment
    b) the high school educational system as part of the toxic food environment
    c) the family as part of the toxic food environment
    d) the fast food restaurant industry as part of the toxic food environment

8. In Nguyen‟s Stealing Buddah’s Dinner the author describes:
    a) the cultural food colonialism inherent in Vietnamese dining
    b) the rise of Asian fast food in the US
    c) the ways in which US international food policies have affected Vietnamese
       agriculture
    d) the experience of eating as a guest in an “All American” home
    e) the modern trend to separate food from religious practice

9. Which of the following most accurately describes Lisa Heldke‟s discussion of the term
CULTURAL FOOD COLONIALISM?
    a) The desire to eat foods of once economically dominated cultures now deemed
       „exotic‟ as a form of exploration
    b) When food companies co-opt ethnic foods such as tacos at Taco Bell for profit
    c) The spread of US food types (such as McDonalds) and their associated values of
       capitalism and convenience around the world
    d) The spread of European foods to the New World
    e) Economic structures that force ex-colonies and countries of the Global South to
       produce cheap raw food inputs such as coffee on land once used to grow indigenous
       crops

10. The Naylor Curve
    a) graphs the consolidation of American farms
    b) demonstrates the growth of farm efficiency since the 1950s
    c) explains why farmers continue to plant more corn as prices continue to drop
    d) none of the above

11. Food companies address the problem of inelastic demand through
    a) spending millions on food advertising
    b) printing nutritional information on food packaging and labels
    c) expanding portion sizes
    d) a and c
    e) a and b


12. Earl Butz changed the economics of American agriculture
    a) by urging farmers to produce more corn and letting its price fall
    b) by urging farmers to diversify their production to feed a hungry world
    c) by instituting direct payments to farmers when the prices for corn and other grains
       fell below the costs of production
    d) a and b
    e) a and c
13. Which of the following are examples of reproductive labor?
    a) Wage work
    b) Cooking and buying groceries
    c) Mowing the lawn and doing the laundry
    d) a and b
    e) b and c


14. What were key contributions of the 1950s in constructing the ideals of home-cooking in
America?
   a) Equating home cooking with love and family
   b) The importance of the environmental movement
   c) Deskilling cooking through the increasing use of processed foods
   d) a and c
   e) b and c

15. The article by Dodson and Gilkes focuses most on how the Gospel Bird
    a) shows the importance of Christianity in the American home-cooked meal.
    b) is an important part of Southern cooking and Sunday dinners after church services.
    c) cements Judeo-Christian traditions with African spirituality and a sense of love and
       hospitality.
    d) remains an important part of religious ritual in contemporary South America.


16. Which of the following is the BEST example of a TOXIC FOOD ENVIRONMENT?
   a) Lisa Tillman-Healy‟s struggles with bulimia which begin when she‟s 15 years old.
   b) The culture of thinness model for women which predominates in American society.
   c) Revealing that poverty, sexual abuse, racism and sexism shape eating problems among
      a diverse group of American women.
   d) Large amounts of cheap, high fat, sugar-laden processed foods that are available
      everywhere, all the time in a sedentary society.


Still stuck on one or two questions?
      Review your notes in detail – this will be very useful in the exam as you‟ll see many
         of these ideas there.
      Draw on your peers in class for missed lecture notes and help understanding some of
         the readings

We‟ll send out the answers via e-mail on Saturday morning.

                                     GOOD LUCK!!!!

				
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