Frederick Douglass - One of the most prominent figures of African American History An ex-slave, orator, newspaper editor, and leader, Frederick Douglass is among the most well-known of all American labor activists. Douglass was born in Talbot County, Maryland, in 1817, the son of an unknown white father and Harriet Bailey, a slave. Growing up, Douglass worked as a field laborer and as a young adult learned the ship-caulking trade. He successfully escaped bondage on September 3, 1838, and headed north. In 1841, Douglass became involved in the activities of the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society and became a popular anti-slavery orator. He participated in the successful campaign in Rhode Island against a new constitution which would have disfranchised black voters. After the publication of his autobiographical Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass in 1845, he spent two years in England and Ireland, fearing that the publicity accompanying publication of his book would result in his re-enslavement. He returned to the U.S. in 1847 and arranged for the purchase of his freedom. Douglass began publication of the North Star, a newspaper for blacks, in 1847. Eight years later, he was accused by the governor of Virginia of conspiring with John Brown to raid the arsenal at Harper's Ferry in West Virginia. After the outbreak, he assisted in the recruitment of black regiments from Massachusetts. After the war, Douglass turned his attention to the plight of the newly emancipated black worker and in 1868, became the vice president of the National Colored Labor Union. He was appointed Secretary of the Santo Domingo Commission in 1871, serving until 1877. He also served as U.S. marshal, recorder of deeds of the District of Columbia, and was U.S. Minister to Haiti. Douglass is famous for many quotes that are commonly used today. Some of his most known include: “Those who profess to favor freedom and yet depreciate agitation, are men who want crops without plowing up the ground, they want rain without thunder and lightning. They want the ocean without the roar of its many waters.” "Without struggle, there is no progress."
Pages to are hidden for
"Frederick Douglass (DOC)"Please download to view full document