Bengt Reed Anderson, CES
BDG International, Inc.
Tel: 847-760-0000 Fax: 847-760-0005
Quoting Freight Forwarding
Terms and Conditions Insurance and Risk
Type of Payment
Type of invoices
Haz Mat info
Other export –C/O
Bill of Lading
How will you sell (EXPORT) your product?
IMPORT – is the opposite benefit.
Prepaid or Collect
– Collect More Expensive
Forwarder assumes political, international risks
Forwarder converts collect $ to local currency
– Collect Less Control
Consignee routes shipments
– Prepaid Less Expensive
No political risk, international risks
Forwarder bills shipper in $.
– Prepaid More Control
Shipper selects forwarder.
L/C's shipper wants control.
Choose your incoterm now
Be clear and thorough in you quotations.
Lead Times - How long will it take to produce the product?
– Changes in production costs.
– Changes in transportation costs.
Add to freight charges 5-10%
Forwarder can bring up invoice.
– Use Metric when possible.
Use Other currencies to make the sale.
Transportation, what should be quoted?
1. Commodity Description
3. Shipment Size:
Pieces, Weight & Dimensions
4. Freight Charges:
Prepaid or Collect
5. Method of payment:
Letter of Credit, Sight Draft, Open Acct.
6. Terms Of Payment
Incoterm, i.e.: CIF, CPT, DDU, Ex Factory
7. Insurance Required:
Value of Product
8. Services Required
Transit Time, Frequency
9. Approximate Shipping Date
Did you agree on Incoterms?
An incoterm = International Commercial Terms
Since 1936 / revised 6 times
Most recent revision
Incoterms 2010 expected late in 2010
The governing term of sale and it's source should be
clearly specified in all quotations and purchase orders“
ICC Incoterms Failings of the U. S.
Creation of an – Implies American bias
international body. – Not widely translated,
Perceived as neutral. not understood
– 50 years old, no
Defined and updates, do not reflect
understood in major current commercial and
– FOB -- overused
A given term is used – All other countries use
in one context.
EXW Ex Works DES Delivered Ex Ship
FAS Free Along Side DEQ Delivered Ex Quay
FOB Free On Board DAF Delivered At
FCA Free Carrier DDU Delivered Duty
CFR Cost and Freight DDP Delivered Duty
CIF Cost, Insurance
CIP Carriage and
Insurance Paid To
CPT Carriage Paid To
Terms to Know
EXW Ex-Works (Named Origin)
FCA Free Carrier (Named Port)
CPT Cost Paid To (Named Destination Port)
CIP Cost, Insurance Paid To (Named
DDU Door Delivery Duty Unpaid
DDP Door Delivery Duty Paid
Usage and Syntax Examples:
Ex Works (factory city
location) > Ex Works Milwaukee, WI
FCA (named port or airport of FCA Chicago O'Hare
departure) > Airport
CIP (named port or airport CIP Seoul, Korea,
of entry) > Kimpo Airport
DDU (named delivery
city) > DDU Suwon, Korea
Delivery Point Ocean Ocean Air Truck/Rail
Breakbulk / FCL/RoRo/LC
E - Named Origin Door EXW- EXW EXW EXW
F - Named Origin Port FAS FCA FCA FCA
C - Named Destination
Port CFR CPT CPT CPT
CIF CIP CIP CIP
D - Named Door DES DDU DDU DAF
DEQ DDP DDP DDU
Logistics Event EXW FAS FCA FOB CFR CPT CIF CIP DAF DES DEQ DDU DDP
Incoterms 2000 a
S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Mark and Label S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Export Clearance (License) S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Harbor Maintenance Fee C C S S S S S S S S S S S
Arrange Pre-Carriage C S S S S S S S S S S S S
Load Pre-Carrier C S S S S S S S S S S S S
Nominate Main Carrier C C C C S S S S S S S S S
Nominate Forwarder C C C C S S S S S S S S S
Unload Pre-Carier C S C S S S S S S S S S S
Load Main Carrier C C C S S S S S S S S S S
Arrange Insurance C C C C C C S S S S S S S
Stow Main Carrier C C C C C C C C S S S S S
Unload Main Carrier C C C C C C C C C C S S S
Nominate On-Carrier C C C C C C C C C C C S S
Arrange On-Carrier C C C C C C C C C C C S S
Load On Carrier C C C C C C C C C C C S S
Nominate Import Broker C C C C C C C C C C C C S
Import Clearance (License) C C C C C C C C C C C C S
Destination Duty & Fees C C C C C C C C C C C C S
Unload from On-Carrier C C C C C C C C C C C C C
Incoterms 2000 b
Documentation Event EXW FCA FAS FOB CFR CIF CPT CIP DAF DES DEQ DDU DDP
Commercial Invoice S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Packing List S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Export Declaration S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Certificate of Origin S S S S S S S S S S S S S
Precarriage Bill of Lading C S S S S S S S S S S S S
Export License C S C S S S S S S S S S S
Other Governmental C S C S S S S S S S S S S
Main Carriage Bill of Lading C C C C S S S S S S S S S
Dock Receipt C S S S S S S S S S S S S
Insurance Certificate C C C C C S C S S S S S S
Import License C C C C C C C C C C C C S
On-Carriage Bill of Lading C C C C C C C C C C C S S
Entry Documents C C C C C C C C C C C C S
What are your Terms and
What are your customers
Terms and Conditions?
Terms and Conditions between seller
Between the buyer and the seller there should be some type of
understanding regarding the conditions of purchase.
defines the terms and conditions of the purchase.
include any type of marking, packing, and shipping requirements.
designate liability for each party and hold that party responsible.
define government regulations and hold the shipper responsible for any
illegal conduct, breach of security or acts against the regulations
reduces amount of questions if an order is placed
Terms and Conditions
between seller and buyer cont’
The standard terms and conditions where you, the buyer, are
contracting w /a seller in the course of a business to business
transaction, and includes the following basic items:
price and payment warranty
samples title and risk
terms of shipping government regs
Did you agree on the Type of
Cash in advance: Open Account:
International Payments Customer that has
are sent via Wire
gone through a credit
Transfer or Draft
In a CIA situation it is
preferable to receive the They have agreed to
payment prior to pay in 30 – 60 days
production or organizing net from invoice date.
the order. Normally an ongoing
Provide your “ Shipment customer which
Ready Date” based on orders frequently
when you will receive $ Important to agree on
CIA - ship prepaid and incoterms
receive the payment for
transportation/ prevent Watch payment terms
cargo possibly sitting at versus when they
a port and being liable orders ready.
for the return.
Payment type / Terms
Funds transferred upon sight of
documents at the applicant bank.
Funds transferred upon # days after
sight of documents at the applicant
Payment Type Cont’
Letter of Credit Types:
This is a legal instrument
that designates exact terms
of the shipment process Irrevocable
and when the payment will Confirmed –
be made. Guaranteed by advising
Non Confirmed –
(Beneficiary), Consignee Guaranteed to be pd by
(Applicant), Beneficiary advising bank
Bank and Applicant Bank Spells out the legal
obligations of each party
Letter of Credit Flow Chart
Letter of Credit (L/C) Flow
1. Sales Contract between Exporter & Importer is opened.
2. Importer Request L/C with Issuing Bank
3. Issuing Bank sends Original L/C to Advising Bank
4. Advising Bank sends Original L/C to Exporter
5. Exporter books shipment with BDG & sends Original L/C to BDG for
banking. BDG arranges transport of goods.
6. BDG prepares all documents per L/C & sends back to Advising Bank
with the Original L/C.
7. Advising Bank confirms documents in order, forwards documents to
Opening Bank and arranges payment to Exporter.
8. Opening Bank releases original shipment documents to the Importer .
Exporter / Buyer /
Seller / Applicant
Confirming Opening /
Bank Issuing Bank
Letter of Credit Flow Chart
1. The Letter of Credit shall be irrevocable
2. The credit shall be__advised by __________________________
__confirmed by __________________________
3. The credit shall be payable at the counters of:
4. The credit shall show as the beneficiary:
5. The credit shall be payable in USD, in the amount:
___ not to exceed $________________
___ exactly $________________
___ about $ _______________
6. The credit shall be payable:
__ at sight
__ ____ days sight upon presentation at the counters of the bank stated in
item #3 above.
__ _____ days from ___________ date.
7. The Letter of Credit __ shall be transferable.
__ shall not be transferable.
8. The credit shall show that all banking charges incurred are for the account of the applicant.
9. The credit shall show that all charges for amendments to the credit, including related
communications expenses, are for the account applicant.
10. Partial shipments __ shall be allowed.
__ shall not be allowed.
11. Transshipments __ shall be allowed.
__ shall not be allowed.
12. The credit shall allow for required transport documents dated no later than
13. The credit shall allow for a minimum of 21 days after the required transport documents date
for the presentation of documents at the counters of the bank stated in item #3.
14. The required documents should include:
A) __ Commercial invoice totaled _______________________
(Inco Term) (Destination) (Amount)
B) __ Commercial invoice shall cover
__ Pro-Forma invoice#________________________
__ the following: ________________________
C) __ Packing List for above.
__ Insurance certificate showing insurance/provided by
D) ___ Ocean Bill Lading
___ The bill shall be consigned:
___ to ________________________________
___ to the order of ________________________________
E) ___ The credit shall allow for NVOCC Bills of Lading.
F) ___ The Bill of Lading shall be marked "ON BOARD".
G) __ Air Waybill shall be consigned:
__ to _________________________
__ to the order of _________________________
The buyer is ready to place
Receive a Formal Purchase order
Try to refrain from the simple email and
have standards on what the P.O. order
How will you receive payment?
ISSUE A PURCHASE ORDER
REQUIRE A PURCHASE ORDER
A purchase order is a formal agreement to buy that specific order.
Repeat some information from the Terms and Conditions
Define exactly what is being ordered that day
Define how it will be shipped (Air or ocean)
Define when it needs to be shipped and when it is expected at dest
Designate the freight forwarder / shipping responsibility
A calculation of quantity and price that will be ordered
Take the questions out of the order and ensure success
While preparing the order
1. Prepare/Review the export documents
2. Prepare/Review the packing for export
3. Re-verify payment process is in place,
regulations for foreign country, and
Denied Parties verification
Documents Requires for Export - Shipper
Air Freight Shipments (export)
• Security Endorsement Form –
•Signed form, indicating that there are no explosive devices
within your air shipment.
• Complete a Letter of Consent for Screening of cargo
• Work with your forwarder to become a Known Shipper
Air and Ocean Shipments (Import and export)
• Commercial Invoice
• Packing List
•Information should include: Contact person, Phone/Fax number,
List box numbers with contents in each box. This is very important
for insurance purposes.
• SLI (Shipper’s Letter of Instruction)
• Letter of Credit (If Issued)
• Other Documents: Health Certificates, C of O
Types of Invoices
Proforma Invoices versus
What is a
Pro Forma Invoice?
In trade transactions, a pro forma invoice is a document that states a
commitment from the seller to sell goods to the buyer at specified
prices and terms. It is used to declare the value of the trade. It is not a
true invoice, because it is not used to record accounts receivable for
the seller and accounts payable for the buyer.
A 'Proforma Invoice' is Confirmed Purchase Order where buyer and
Supplier agrees on the Product Detail and its cost (usually-Supplier
currency) to be shipped to buyer. Sales quotes are prepared in the
form of a pro forma invoice which is different from a commercial
invoice. It is used to create a sale and is sent in advance of the
commercial invoice. The content of a pro forma invoice is almost
identical to a commercial invoice and is usually considered a binding
agreement although the price might change in advance of the final
Pro Forma Invoice
• Banks usually prefer a pro forma invoice to a quotation for
establishment of a letter of credit or for advance payment by
the importer through his bank.
• In some countries, customs may accept a pro forma invoice
(generated by the importer and not the exporter) if the
required commercial invoice is not available at the time when
filing entry documents at the port of entry to get goods
released from customs.
Buyer / Importer will pay off this invoice.
Official document for export and import
Customs clears freight using commercial
Banks transfer money using the
Commercial Invoice Elements
Sold To, Ship To, Notify Party
Terms of Payment
Incoterm of Sale
Certified True and Correct
Destination Control Statement
Country Of Origin
Product Description (Use layman terms
along with marketing terms)
DCS (EAR 758.6)
- Must be entered on your "ULTIMATE
- Must be on the bill of
lading / AWB - Required for all
- other export control exports on the
documentation Commerce Control
These commodities, - Not Required for
technology or software EAR99, unless BAG
were exported from the
U.S. in accordance with
the EAR diversion
contrary to U.S. law is
Itemized list of articles usually included in each
shipping package, giving the quantity, description, and
weight of the contents. Prepared by the shipper and
sent to the consignee for accurate tallying of the
Also called bill of parcels, packing slip, or unpacking
note. (International Business uses Packing List)
Export Packing and Labeling
What type of products do you ship?
Get professional training NOW!
Get your organization registered with the US DOT.
Label Accordingly: Keep Upright, Fragile
Pack for a lot of handling
Export Packing and Labeling
What should data should appear on the
– 1. Consignee Name, address
– 2. Contact person
– 3. Phone Number/Fax number
– 4. Consignee Reference Number, L/C Number, or
– 5. Country of Origin (USA)
– 6. Piece#/Total box count, i.e.: 1/10, 2/10, 3/10
– 7. Box Weight
8. Handling Instructions
Other Export Documents
There are a multitude of specific
documents that may be required,
but in general a Certificate of
Origin is the most common.
Certificate of Origin
Document that certifies a shipment's country of origin.
It is used between members of a trading block or
where special privileges are granted to goods
produced in certain countries.
Certificate of origin is commonly issued by a trade
promotion office, or a chamber of commerce in the
exporting country. Also called declaration of origin.
Freight Forwarder can Notarize and Chamber stamp
the C of O
Duty Preferences and
Free Trade Agreements
The WTO and main Parliaments of each country come together to decide on
countries with special needs, and economies that need to be promoted.
The U.S. Congress / Senate approve Trade Agreements, Trade Acts, Global
Trade Decisions, and requests for specific Industry or Commodity duty
The Office of U.S. Trade Agreements
The U.S. trade strategy is to pursue muliple market-opening initiatives
on a global, regional and bilateral basis, establishing models of
success that can be used throughout all negotiations.
The duty will be based on a product as per the General Rules of Interpretation
from the U.S. Regulations & Harmonize Tariff System
- Country of Origin
- Government Restrictions
- Government Free Trade Agreements
Though the system works the same on import and
export, the duty pricing can be completely different.
- USA has provided many countries and commodities a low duty rate or free.
- Trade Agreements not only provide our importers lower duty rates, but more
importantly help our exporters compete in a global economy.
- Due to the multiple layers of Trade Agreements and Free Trade Agreements
many importers can import from developing countries – duty free.
- However, these same countries that benefit from our low or free duty status do
not reciprocate and provide our exporters duty free status into their country.
- Trade Agreements assist US Exporters to sell their product in the foreign
Free Trade Agreements
Costa Rica, Dominican Singapore
Republic, El Salvador, Colombia - Pending
and Nicaragua. Korea - Pending
Chile Panama - Pending
Inspections prior to export
Hazardous Materials /
Department of Department of
Transportation (DOT) Transportation (DOT)
International Air International Maritime
Dangerous Goods (IMDG)
Administration (IATA) There is not an official
Candy stripe DG form
MSDS and TDS are now
MSDS and TDS sheet required for quoting from
(Material Safety Data most ocean lines
Sheet and Technical http://www.imo.org/Safety/
Data Sheet) mainframe.asp?topic_id=
To the designated freight
Shipper's Letter of Instruction
The SLI is a multi-function form.
• EEI (Electronic Export Information )
• Provides information to complete
Automated Export Declaration (AES)
• Proper authority to the AES agent
• Detailed instructions to the forwarder
SLI, or EEI information
EEI = Electronic Export Information
Can be provided in many ways – the most
common is via a shipper’s letter of
instruction which also acts as an
instruction sheet for shipping purposes.
SLI / EEI
1a.USPPI- 1b. USPPI 1c.Parties 4a. Ult cnee 4b.Interm
Company EIN- Related Company who is ediate
responsible for Required Is USPPI or FPPI receiving the cnee
shipping the information related 10% or cargo
product from Receiving the
more? cargo and on
fwd – not a
6. Point 7. Country 17. Hazardous 21. D/F 22.
(state of of Ult Dest Materials Schedule
origin) Do you have Is the product B#
Where is the knowledge of
Yes or no “Made in the Number that
cargo the final
destination USA” or of associates
physically foreign origin? the product
coming from? beyond your 19. Routed:
deliver to with the
address? U.S. Govt
Yes or no classificatio
SLI / EEI
24. 26. Value 27. License 28. ECCN # 29.
Shipping of goods no or Authorized
Weight Exception All goods have an sign and
ECCN # which is provide the
Must be the regulated by Dept information
Do not assume a
Must be in sell price, license is not of Commerce
kgs including required. Verify the
any down information.
Proper Authority to
Anyone can complete an AES declaration if they
are authorized to complete the EEI information by
the USPPI or FPPI
If the employee or agent does not have authority –
this is a violation
Provided by a Letter of Authority or
Provided by a Power of Attorney or
Signed SLI on Box 23
*Passport for Cargo*
An ATA Carnet is an International
Customs document (Admission
– Definition - Merchandise Passport
Reduces Cost -
– Eliminates "VAT", Duties, and the posting
of a Bond at the time of entry.
Simplifies Customs Procedures
– A Temporary Exporter may use a single
document for all customs transactions
– U. S. Customs allows immediate entry of the
product into the U.S.A
– Eliminates the need to register the product with
customs prior to export.
Carnets do not cover:
– Consumable Goods
– Disposable Items
Carnets are accepted in 44 countries
Security: A Bond is required to be purchased in
Customs Claims and Penalties
– Goods must be exported within 1 year.
– Improperly validated Carnet sheets.
– Improper or inadequate description of
merchandise on the "General List".
– 5 Working Days
– Expedited Processing at higher fees is
Bill of Lading
Bill of Lading
Original or Express AWB (Air Waybill) is
bill of lading – not negotiable
negotiable AWB is a set of
B/L is a set of MAWB / HAWB
instructions to the DAWB
MBL / HBL
Bill of Lading or AWB
Review the terms and conditions
What are the carriers responsible for?
What are you hiring them to do?
Where do they start and end their
SEAGULL EXPRESS LINES BILL OF LADING
SHIPPER/ EXPORTER B OOKING NUM B ER B ILL OF LA DING NO.
EX PORT REFERENCES
CONSIGNEE FORWA RDING A GENT (Ref erence)
NOTIFY PA RTY POINT AND COUNTRY OF ORIGIN OF GOODS
FOR DELIV ERY BY ON CA RRIER
PRE CA RRIAGE B Y PLA CE OF RECEIPT B Y PRE CA RRIER
EX PORT CARRIER (V essel, vo yage) PORT OF LOA DING
PORT OF DISCHA RGE FOR TRA NS-SHIPM ENT TO PLA CE OF DELIVERY B Y ON CA RRIER NO. OF ORIGINA LS
PA RTICULARS FURNISHED B Y SHIPPER
M A RKS A ND NUM B ERS NO. OF PKGS DESCRIPTION OF PA CKA GES A ND GOODS GROSS WEIGHT M EA SUREM ENT
These commodit ies, t echnology, o r sof t ware were export ed f rom t he United Stat es in accordance wit h t he Export A dminist rat ion Regulat ions. Diversion cont rary t o U.S. Law prohibit ed
Declared Carg o V alue US$ If t he merchant ent ers the act ual value of t he goo ds and pays t he applicable ad valorem rat e, the carrier's packag e limit at io n will not ap ply
RECEIV ED in ap parent good order and condit ion except as o therwise no ted the t ot al numb er o f containers or ot her
p ackages or unit enumerat ed b elow (content s and condit ions of cont ent s, measurement , weight , q uant it y, brand, q ualit y and
value unknown, any re
In wit ness whereof t he Carrier of his A gent s have signed t he number of o riginal B/ Ls st at ed below, all of t his teno r or dat e.
One B ill of Lading duly endorsed t o be given up in exchange fo r t he goods or f or a d elivery order f or same upon which t he
PLA CE A ND DA TE OF ISSUE B / L NO.
BDG INTERNATIONAL, INC.
A S AGENT FOR SEAGULL EX PRESS LINES
A GENT FO THE CARRIER
Insurance and Risk
Fire on board
Ocean Freight Air Freight - Warsaw
Carriage of Goods by Convention
Limits air carriers
Sea Act liability for loss or
Limits recovery to damage to cargo to the
lesser of the values of
the lesser of the the lost or damaged
value of the cargo freight or $9.07/LBS
damaged or lost or
$500.00 per CSU Domestic Carriage
(Customary .50/LBS or
shipping Unit) $50.00/Shipment
• Documentation Required to file a claim.
• 1) Signed copy of the Bills of Lading. When insurance is
purchased through BDG, BDG will obtain this document.
• 2) All inbound and outbound inspections of the trailer or
container. Consignee must make the product available
for inspection prior to use.
• 3) Copy of set of shipper’s commercial invoices and
packing lists. When insurance is purchased through
BDG, BDG will obtain this document.
4) Proof of loss: Any documents listing the exceptions.
• Obvious Damage: Consignee must indicate on delivery
receipt that damage or loss occurred.
• Concealed Damage: Consignee must notify the
delivering carrier of the damage
• Consignee must notify the shipper and carrier that the
product did not arrive as scheduled.
6) Claim notifications filed against carriers & acknowledgment
from the carrier.
Insurance – Gen Avg
• General Average • General Average is
• Sharing of the declared when...
Risk among the • Freight is jettisoned
participants of the • The vessel sustains
voyage • Corrective action is
• The vessel owner risked
livelihood (vessel) as taken at the expense
well as lives of captain of either the vessel
owner or cargo
• General Average
provides a way of owners.
spreading this risk.
• Release of cargo can not
•Calculations be obtained until Security
• Voyage Value = Vessel Deposit has been
Value + Total Cargo Value received.
• Shipper Participation = % of
shipper cargo to Total
• Voyage Loss is determined
• Shipper Participation is • Release of cargo can take
applied to Voyage Loss between 6 months and 2
• Shipper Participation is years.
submitted in form of a
• 2 Types of Insurance
• All Risks
• Free of Particular Average (FPA
• All Risks
• Most Comprehensive coverage
• Insures everything except for...
• Improper Packing
• Abandonment of Cargo
• Failure to pay or collect accounts
• Inherent Vice (Infestation, etc.)
• Employee Dishonesty
• Loss Amounts in excess of policy limits
• All Risk exclusions
• Losses inland more than 30 days after discharge of cargo
• Losses in South America more than 60 days after discharge of
• Barge shipments
• Goods subject to an on-deck B/L
• Losses caused by temperature or pressure
• Used goods
All Risk exclusions
– Failure to notify air carrier of a preliminary loss in a
Obvious damage 7 days
Hidden damage 14 days
Non-delivery 120 days
– Failure to notify ocean carrier of a preliminary loss
in a timely fashion
Loss or damage 1 year
Non-delivery 120 Days
Burning Washing overboard
Stranding Collision of truck
Overturn Overturn of truck
Explosion Collapse of pier
Collision General Average
Crash of Aircraft
"All Risks" vs. F. P. A.
– Essentially a "Disaster Coverage
– Includes coverage's afforded by F. – Typically, a major event must
P.A. occur to the vessel or airline for
– Theft, Pilferage & Non-delivery the loss to be covered.
– Rough Handling & Damage in
– Door to Door
Who assists in understanding the rules
and regulations set forth by the
Government Help Desks
International Freight Forwarders
An agent for the exporter in moving cargo to an overseas.
“Travel Agent for Cargo”
- the import rules and regs of foreign countries
- the export regulations of the U.S. government
- the methods of shipping, and the docs related to foreign trade
- Foreign to foreign moves
- Pricing and rate negotiation via all modes of transportation
- Agent for the Department of Homeland Security
- Track and trace cargo
- Resolve Challenges
Freight Forwarders & Customs
How to select a Freight Forwarder and
Typical costs associated with a Freight
Forwarder and Customs Broker
Choosing your Forwarder
• Selection: Select a company you can have a long term
business relationship with.
• Due Diligence: complete a credit check
• Shipper liable for ocean freight, duties, etc.
• Control: Control your cargo.
• If the buyer selects the forwarder, you are still liable for
compliance / Caveat Emptor.
• You giving up control, and knowledge on how to ship to that
country. It will be harder to market your product to other
• Many forwarders are not licensed and therefore must work
with another forwarder to move the freight.
• You must give a POA or authority to a forwarder if you do not
complete the SED.
Freight Forwarding Licenses / Certifications
IATA (International Air Transportation Association)
CHB (Custom House Broker)
FMC (Federal Maritime Commission)
NVOCC (Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier)
C-TPAT (Custom Trade Partnership Against
MC (Motor Carrier – Truck Brokerage)
DG Certified (Dangerous Goods Certification)
CHB (Custom House Broker License)
ABI (Automated Broker Interface)
AMS (Automated Manifest System)
ACH (Automated Clearing House)
ACE (Automated Commercial Environment)
AII (Automated Invoice Interface)
RLF (Remote Filer - BDG can file entries at all US Customs
Oversize, Hazardous, Perishables, General Cargo
FCL, LCL, Break-bulk, Hazardous
Ocean & Air Import:
FCL, LCL, Break-bulk, Hazardous, Perishables, General
Foreign to Foreign Shipments
The Export Freight Forwarder
Complete export / import documentation
AES - (Automated Export System)
AWB and OBL
C of O
The Import/Export Freight Forwarder
Knowledge of U.S. and world wide governmental restrictions
Understand Financial options: L/C's, and Drafts
Terms of Sale (Incoterms)
Flight and Sailing information
Payment Status Information
Inspections for Insurance claims.
Beware of Routed forwarders
– When working with a routed forwarder "Caveat Emptor"
– Forwarders come in all shapes and sizes.
– Many forwarders are not licensed and therefore must work with another
forwarder to move the freight.
– You must obtain a Letter of Authority from buyer complete your own
AES or provide EEI to forwarder.
BDG International, Inc.
Thank you for attending
today’s seminar !
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