Floriculture and Nursery Crops Situation and Outlook Yearbook

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					Floriculture and Nursery Crops Situation and Outlook Yearbook. Market and Trade Economics Division, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, FLO-2003, June 2003.

Contents
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Compilation of Sales and Trade Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Description of Crop Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7 List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8

Situation Coordinator Alberto Jerardo (202) 694-5266 ajerardo@ers.usda.gov Editor Martha Evans Layout & Text Design Wynnice Pointer-Napper

Approved by the World Agricultural Outlook Board. Summary released June 18, 2003.

The Floriculture and Nursery Crops Situation and Outlook Yearbook may be accessed electronically via the ERS website at www.ers.usda.gov

Summary
Green Industry Sales Are Flat
While grower sales of floriculture crops increased 1.6 percent in 2002 from 2001, nursery crop sales fell by a marginal amount. Together, floriculture and nursery crops, also known as the green industry, reached $13.8 billion in sales in 2002, up from $13.7 billion in 2001. After accounting for imports and exports, domestic consumption of floral and nursery crops is up only slightly in 2002. However, on a per-U.S. household basis, consumption is down to $136 from $137 in 2001. The weak U.S. economy in 2001 and 2002 is largely responsible for flat grower sales in the green industry. Although floriculture crop sales have continued to grow, albeit slowly, nursery crop sales, which are about twice the size of floriculture sales, are flat. Among floriculture crops, only bedding and garden plants and foliage plants registered sales gains, raising floral crop consumption up 1.5 percent to $5.6 billion in 2002. Cut flower imports fell in value even as import volume rose, due in part to the high exchange rate of the dollar. U.S. consumption of cut flowers has been on a downward trend, now $8 per household compared with $10 in 1999. Florida, whose combined sales were 36 percent of U.S. growers’ sales of potted flowering plants in 2002. Most States produce more bedding and garden plants than any of the other floriculture products. One major exception is Florida, whose growers collectively produce and sell more foliage plants than any other State. Indeed, Florida produces almost 70 percent of total U.S. foliage plant production, which is not unlike California’s two-thirds share of U.S. cut flower production. Florida produces about four times more foliage plants than flowering or bedding plants, its next largest green product.

Growers in the South and West Have Largest Sales
California, Florida, and Texas all exceeded $1 billion each in sales of green crops in 2002. Since growers in these States also sell their products in other States, green sales per-U.S. household by growers in the four largest States are also the highest among all States. Together, sales by these four States accounted for 53 percent of the total U.S. green industry output in 2002. Growers in the Southern and Western States produced 75 percent of all green crops in 2002. However, led by Michigan and Ohio, growers in the Midwest produce and sell a relatively large portion of total U.S. bedding and garden plants. Only growers in California sell more bedding and garden plants than Michigan growers. But with respect to herbaceous perennial plants, South Carolina is the sales leader. Growers in the Midwest generated the highest sales per acre of production area—averaging more than $104,000 in floriculture sales in 2002. This compares with $92,000 in the Northeast, $80,000 in the South, and $77,000 in the West. Individually, however, growers in Colorado claim the highest sales per acre of floriculture crops in the United States—almost $300,000 in 2002. Florida has the largest production area for floriculture crops—close to 18,000 acres in total—about as large as the combined growing areas of all States in the West, including California, and twice as large as the Midwest’s total production area. Although California’s total greenhouse cover is close to twice Florida’s, the latter’s share of total U.S. use of shade and temporary cover is 82 percent.
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Bedding and Flowering Plants Lead Floriculture Sales
Two-thirds of the value of U.S. floriculture production in 2002 consisted of bedding and garden plants and potted flowering plants. These plants led U.S. sales growth among the six floriculture subsectors, which also include cut flowers, foliage plants, cut cultivated greens, and unfinished propagative material. In 1990, bedding-garden plants and potted flowering plants comprised only 55 percent of total U.S. floriculture production value. Their relatively faster growth over the past decade is due in part to reduced demand for domestic cut flowers and cut greens. Although demand for foliage plants continues to increase, their sales growth has been relatively slower. Imports of flowering and bedding plants, largely from Canada, have also risen rapidly in recent years, helping consumption of floriculture crops per-U.S. household reach $52 from $32 in 1990. The largest producers of bedding and garden plants are California, Michigan, Texas, Ohio, Florida, and New York, each exceeding $100 million in sales in 2002. The production of potted flowering plants is dominated by California and

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Floriculture Growers Continue To Decline in Number
There were 12,717 growers of floriculture crops in the United States in 1997. In 2002, the number of growers has declined to 10,216. While the number of both small and large growers has fallen, the average sales of large growers now exceed $1 million, compared with only $46,000 for small growers.1 The largest average sales are by growers in the West, followed by growers in the South. Among large growers, those in South Carolina averaged more than $2.25 million sales in 2002, the highest in the 36 surveyed States. The next highest average sales among large growers were $1.84 million in California. As floriculture sales of large growers continue to expand, sales by small growers have been shrinking since 2000. Large growers in the West and South produce and sell about twice the crop value of their counterparts in the Midwest and Northeast. Average sales of small growers are highest in the West. The total production area for U.S. floriculture crops in 2002 was just under 58,000 acres. This is down from 1998’s 68,500 acres of production area. About 36 percent of the production area in 2002 was under covered protection, either under greenhouses or under shade and temporary cover. The rest of the crops are grown in open fields. Southern growers, principally in Florida, have bigger production areas under cover than growers elsewhere. While growers in the West also widely employ covered protection for their crops, growers in the South use more shade and temporary cover than greenhouses with rigid structures. About 72 percent of the U.S. production area for floriculture crops is in the Southern and Western States. And of the U.S. total area under covered protection, 75 percent is in the South and West. Plants grown under covered protection include seedlings, immature, and unfinished plants, as well as high-value plants such as orchids and other tropical flowers. The decline in the size of total production area under covered protection in recent years is due in part to flat overall sales and to increasing outsourcing of seedling and propagative material production to growers in Central America and Mexico.

Cut flowers—Almost all the major cut flowers have experienced declining sales in the past decade. Although imports have supplanted domestic-grown flowers, such as roses and orchids, the import values of carnations and chrysanthemums have also fallen. The reason behind these downward trends is the general drop in U.S. demand for cut flowers since 1997 when total cut flower supply and consumption peaked. Relatively higher priced domestic cut flowers helped shift demand toward imported cut flowers and other domestic-grown floral crops. Thus, while the import share of U.S. cut flower consumption remained around 60 percent, domestic cut flower production continued to recede. U.S. growers instead shifted production toward potted flowering plants, bedding and garden plants, and foliage plants. Bedding and garden plants—As U.S. demand for floriculture crops other than cut flowers increased in the 1990s and continued to grow in recent years, domestic production of flowering, bedding, and foliage plants responded accordingly. Although still relatively small as a share of consumption, imports of these plants have also risen sharply, especially as the dollar’s exchange rate has risen. Thus far, most of these imported plants are produced in Canada since restrictions related to plant diseases and pests largely constrain imports from other countries, especially plants with soil attached to roots. Consumption of flowering, bedding, and foliage plants is now $43 per-U.S. household, up from only $22 in 1989 and $30 in 1995. Nursery crops—U.S. production of nursery crops was estimated at $8.9 billion in 2002, 83 percent larger than floriculture crop production. Per-household consumption was $84 for nursery crops and $52 for floriculture crops. While per-household consumption of floriculture crops continues to increase, that of nursery crops appears to have peaked in 2001. The U.S. economic recession in 2001 and weak growth in 2002 are partly responsible for the subdued demand for nursery crops, despite strong U.S. housing construction activity. Imported nursery crops, largely live plants and nursery stock, are still an insignificant fraction of U.S. nursery crop consumption at 3.3 percent. Growers in California and Texas produced 36 percent of the country’s nursery crops in 2002 based on sales of $2.1 and $1.1 billion, respectively. U.S. green imports—Cut flower imports are 48 percent of total U.S. imported green products, which were $1.1 billion in 2002. This import share is down from 60 percent in 1996 when cut flower imports per U.S. houseFloriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 ✿ 3

Large growers have $100,000 or more in annual floriculture sales at wholesale, and small growers have between $10,000 and $100,000 in annual floriculture sales.

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hold were $6. Cut flower imports are now down to an average $5 per household. Imported nursery stock, bulbs, etc., on the other hand, have been expanding continuously. As recently as in 2000, these nursery crop imports were less in value than cut flower imports. In 2001, nursery crops first exceeded cut flowers in value, and are now 52 percent of total U.S. green imports. The bulk of imported cut flowers come from Colombia, Ecuador, and the Netherlands. Colombia supplies most of the imported roses, carnations, and chrysanthemums, while Ecuador ships more roses than other cut flowers to the United States. The Netherlands is the prime source for tulips. Canada and the

Netherlands supply three-quarters of U.S. nursery stock imports. Live trees and plants largely come from Canada, and bulbs of tulips, lilies, and narcissus are from the Netherlands. U.S. imports of propagative material—unrooted cuttings and slips of plants—expanded 500 percent in value from 1992 to 2002. Attracted by lower production costs and favorable climate, these immature plants as well as unfinished seedlings are grown initially in Costa Rica, Guatemala, and increasingly in Mexico. After shipment into the United States, they are further grown to maturity and for final sale.

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Compilation of Sales and Trade Data
The statistics in Floriculture Crops are collected from annual surveys of all known growers of floriculture crops in 36 selected States, based on sales data previously reported in the Census of Horticultural Specialties. The survey by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) covers wholesale and retail sales by crop or product type and by State. Statistics for each crop include the number of growers, quantity of units sold, the percent of sales at wholesale, the wholesale price, and the value of sales. Only growers with at least $100,000 in gross value of floriculture sales were asked to provide detailed sales statistics. Selected crop data in Hawaii are also reported. Additional sales statistics are collected for various container sizes or types (e.g., flats, pots less than 5 inches tall, pots 5 inches or taller, and hanging baskets). Annuals are also distinguished from perennials, and finished plants from propagative material. Growers are asked to provide data about the area used for crop production—i.e., the size of growing area, the type of protective cover, and the area under cover. The number of hired workers on the payroll on any one day of the year is also reported. Excluded workers are those employed only for the retail operation, landscapers, and nonpaid family members. Data for States with a small number of operations are not reported to avoid disclosing individual business information, but their statistics are aggregated under “Other States”. Data from Nursery Crops are also obtained by questionnaire from NASS. The first Nursery Production Survey was conducted for the year 2000 to supplement the more comprehensive Decennial Census of Horticultural Specialties, also by NASS. All known growers in 17 selected States were included in the survey, based on sales reported in the Census of Horticultural Specialties. There are nine nursery plant groups in the survey— broadleaf evergreens, coniferous evergreens, deciduous shade trees, deciduous flowering trees, deciduous shrubs and other ornamentals, fruit and tree nut plants, cut and to-be-cut Christmas trees, propagation material or lining-out stock, and transplants for commercial truck crop production. The statistics collected from each State include the number of producers, the number of units sold in 2000, gross sales, the percent of sales that were wholesale, and ending inventory. The number of operations with part-time and full-time hired workers were also compiled by grower sales levels in each selected State. Only commercial growers with $100,000 or more
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in nursery sales in 2000 were asked to provide the detailed sales statistics. For U.S. nursery crop production, ERS and NASS estimate annual grower cash receipts of “other greenhouse/nursery” crops for all 50 States. These wholesale receipts include estimates of floriculture sales by growers in the 14 smaller States that are excluded from the annual Floriculture Crops survey by NASS. (The 14 States have no floriculture sales in table 6.) Most of these States are sparsely populated or not conducive to floriculture production, and local growers generally have small operations whose collective sales are statistically insignificant. U.S. trade—The source of import and export data for floriculture and nursery crops is the Foreign Agricultural Trade of the United States (FATUS), which can be accessed at fas.usda.gov/ustrade. The U.S. Census Bureau compiles the trade data from U.S. Customs records. Import values include cost, insurance, and freight (c.i.f.), representing the landed value of the merchandise at the first port of arrival in the United States. C.i.f. values exclude import duties. U.S. export values are free alongside ship (f.a.s.), representing the transaction price, including inland freight, insurance, and other charges incurred in placing the merchandise alongside the carrier at the U.S. port of exportation. F.a.s. values exclude the cost of loading the merchandise aboard the exporting carrier and also exclude freight, insurance, and any charges or transportation costs beyond the port of shipment. Floriculture and nursery trade data are divided into four groups, each classified by a 4-digit HS code: U.S. harmonized tariff system codes 0601, 0602, 0603, and 0604. Each group is further reclassified into 6-digit subgroups, then 10-digit-coded products. In FATUS, import data are divided into “cut flowers” and “nursery stock,” while exports are grouped in “nursery and greenhouse products.” All import and export values and quantities by HS codes are available starting in 1989, in monthly and annual form. The number of U.S. households by State and U.S. resident population are obtained from the U.S. Census Bureau (census.gov). Population estimates in 1999, 2001, and 2002 are projections based on the Census 2000 survey.

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Supplemental information—The 2002 Floriculture and Nursery Crops Yearbook contains all tables compiled from the 1998 Census of Horticultural Specialties. Those tables, however, are not published in this Yearbook since no data updates are provided. Section V of the 2002 Census of Agriculture, due out at the end of 2003, will summarize survey results of growers of floriculture and nursery crops in all 50 States. To date, no survey pertaining to Nursery Crops is scheduled separately by NASS. The sequence of tables in this Yearbook is unchanged from last year’s, although new tables were inserted and other tables were expanded or otherwise enhanced. All data are annual and represent calendar year estimates. The floriculture and nursery crops surveys by NASS

include all growers with at least $10,000 in annual green sales. Corresponding sales estimates for the other 14 nonsurveyed States are prepared annually by NASS. A Situation and Outlook Report on floriculture crops is also published by ERS in mid-September each year. The report provides one-year-ahead forecasts of key floriculture sales and price statistics for the United States and the four U.S. regions—Northeast, Midwest, South, and West. An analysis of recent trends and the outlook for the industry is the focus of the report. This Yearbook and the Outlook Report can be accessed, downloaded, and printed from the ERS website (ers.usda.gov). A hardcopy version of the Yearbook can be mailed upon request. Contact the author.

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Description of Crop Groups
Annual bedding and garden plants: Finished flowering crops that are not classified as perennial. Among the major annuals are begonias, geraniums, impatiens, marigolds, pansy/viola, and petunias. Include vegetable-type ornamental plants, but exclude commercial vegetable plants. Cut cultivated greens: Ornamental stems, branches, or leaves typically used in cut flower arrangements. Leatherleaf ferns, largely grown in Florida, are a major cut green. Cut flowers: The major commercial varieties include standard carnations, roses, pompon chrysanthemums, gladioli, tulips, orchids, lilies, alstroemeria, delphinium and larkspur, gerbera daisies, iris, lisianthus, and snapdragons. Floriculture crops: Ornamental plants without woody stems, grouped into bedding/garden plants, cut cultivated greens, cut flowers, potted flowering plants, indoor foliage plants, and propagative floriculture material. Foliage plants: Finished plants in pots or hanging baskets for indoor or patio use; not intended for landscape use. Also include ivy, cacti, ferns, palms, succulents, and indoor/patio shrubs, trees, and vines. Herbaceous perennials: Field and container-grown plants, including hardy/garden chrysanthemums, hosta, and other herbaceous perennials. Unfinished plants are excluded. Nursery crops: Ornamental plants and trees with woody stems, including broadleaf evergreens, coniferous evergreens, deciduous shade trees, deciduous flowering trees, deciduous shrubs and other ornamentals, fruit and nut plants for home use, cut and to-be-cut Christmas trees, and propagation material or lining-out stock. Also include other ornamental crops not classified as floriculture. Potted flowering plants: Plants for indoor or patio use only, including plants grown from bulbs. Plants intended for landscape use are excluded. Starting in 2000, African violets, azaleas, chrysanthemums, Easter lilies, orchids, poinsettias, roses, and spring bulbs are included. Production area: The gross physical space used for plant propagation, including aisles and walkways, in open ground or covered by greenhouses made of glass, fiberglass, film plastic, or shade and temporary cover. Excludes non-floricultural growing areas, such as fruit, vegetable, and sod farms. Propagative material: Include cuttings, liners, plug seedlings, prefinished plants, or tissue cultured plantlets. Unfinished plants sold to other growers for further growing-on are also included. Exclude seeds, bulbs, tubers, rhizomes, or corms. Wholesale value of sales: The value of all crops grown then sold on a gross wholesale basis before deductions for sales commissions, transportation costs, and other similar charges. The percentage of sales at wholesale is the crop portion not sold at retail or marketed directly to the final consumer. The equivalent value of all sales is the product of the average wholesale price and the total quantity sold.

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List of Tables Floriculture and Nursery Crops
1. Floriculture and nursery crops: 2. Floriculture and nursery crops: 3. Floriculture and nursery crops: 4. Floriculture and nursery crops: 5. Floriculture and nursery crops: 6. Floriculture and nursery crops: Grower cash receipts, by State, 1993 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 State shares of total U.S. cash receipts, 1993 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Ranking by State share of grower cash receipts, 1993 to date . . . . . . . .13 Value of grower cash receipts, by crop group, 1966 to date . . . . . . . . . .14 Value of production, trade, and consumption, 1976 to date . . . . . . . . . .15 Grower cash receipts, by crop group, region, and State, 1993 to date . .17

Floriculture Crops
7. Floriculture crops: Value of sales at wholesale, by crop group, 1985 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 8 Floriculture crops: Value of production, imports, exports, and consumption, 1989 to date . . . . . . . . . . .27 9. Floriculture crops: Expanded wholesale value of production, all growers, by State, 1993 to date . . . . .28 10. Floriculture crops: Total wholesale value of crops sold by large growers, by State, 1993 to date . . . . . .29 11. Floriculture crops: Wholesale value of sales of small growers, by State, 1993 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 12. Floriculture crops: Number of growers, by type of plants produced, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 13. Floriculture crops: Number of growers, by gross value of sales, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 14. Floriculture crops: Average number of hired workers, by gross value of sales, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . .31 15. Floriculture crops: Growers and growing area by type of cover, all operations, 1985 to date . . . . . . . . .32 16. Floriculture crops: Growers and growing area by type of cover and sales size, 1993 to date . . . . . . . . .33 17. Floriculture crops: Growers and growing area by type of cover, by region and State, 1993 to date . . . .34 18. Floriculture crops: Number of growers and value of sales, by grower size, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . .44 19. Floriculture crops: Number of growers and value of sales, by grower size, by State, 2002 . . . . . . . . . . .44

Cut Flowers and Cut Cultivated Greens
20. Cut flowers and cut greens: Grower sales at wholesale, by flower type, 1993 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 21. Cut flowers and cut greens: Quantity sold at wholesale, by flower type, 1993 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 22. Cut flowers: Value of production, imports, exports, and consumption, 1989 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 23. Cut flowers: Value of grower sales at wholesale, by State, 1993 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47 24. Cut flowers: Quantity, unit value, and value of U.S. imports, by flower variety, 1995 to date . . . . . . . .48 25. Cut carnations: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50 26. Cut carnations: Quantity of production, imports, and consumption, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50 27. Cut carnations: Value of production, imports, and consumption, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50 28. Cut roses: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51 29. Cut roses: Quantity of production, imports, and consumption, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51 30. Cut roses: Value of production, imports, and consumption, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51 31. Cut chrysanthemums: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52 32. Cut chrysanthemums: Quantity of production, imports, and consumption, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . .52 33. Cut chrysanthemums: Value of production, imports, and consumption, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52 34. Other cut flowers: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1993 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53

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35. Other cut flowers: Growers, quantity and value of sales, Hawaii, 1993 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 36. Cut orchids: Growers, quantity and value of sales, Hawaii, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 37. Cut cultivated greens: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56

Flowering and Foliage Plants in Pots
38. Flowering plants in pots: Value of grower sales at wholesale, by State, 1993 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57 39. Potted flowering plants: Wholesale value of production, by plant type, 1985 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58 40. Potted flowering plants: Quantity sold at wholesale, by plant type, 1985 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58 41. Potted African violets: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59 42. Potted finished florist azaleas: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59 43. Potted florist chrysanthemums: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60 44. Potted easter lilies: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60 45. Potted orchids: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1996 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60 46. Potted poinsettias: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61 47. Other potted flowering plants: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61 48. Potted dendrobium orchids: Growers, quantity and value of sales, Hawaii, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . .62 49. Potted other orchids: Growers, quantity and value of sales, Hawaii, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62 50. Foliage plants in pots: Value of grower sales at wholesale, by State, 1993 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63 51. Potted foliage: Growers and value of sales at wholesale, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64 52. Potted foliage: Value of sales at wholesale and per U.S. household sales, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . .64 53. Foliage in hanging baskets: Growers, quantity and value of sales at wholesale, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . .64

Bedding and Garden Plants
54. Bedding and garden plants: Value of grower sales at wholesale, by State, 1993 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . .65 55. Bedding and garden plants: Value of production, by plant type and container, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . .65 56. Bedding and garden plants: Quantity sold, by plant type and container, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65 57. Potted herbaceous perennials: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66 58. Potted geraniums from cuttings: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66 59. Potted geraniums from seed: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66 60. Potted impatiens: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1994 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67 61. Potted New Guinea impatiens: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1994 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67 62. Potted petunias: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1994 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67 63. Other potted flowering bedding plants: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . .68 64. Potted vegetable type bedding plants: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . .68 65. Bedding geraniums in flats: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69 66. Bedding impatiens plants in flats: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1994 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69 67. Bedding New Guinea impatiens in flats: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1994 to date . . . . . . . . .69 68. Bedding petunias in flats: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1994 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70 69. Other flowering and foliar bedding plants in flats: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70 70. Vegetable type bedding plants in flats: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1992 to date . . . . . . . . . .70 71. Flowering hanging baskets: Growers, quantity and value of sales, by plant type, 1994 to date . . . . . . .71 72. Propagative materials: Value of sales at wholesale, by State, 2000 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73 73. Propagative materials: Value of sales at wholesale, by floriculture sector, 2000 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . .74

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Nursery Crops
74. Nursery crops: Value of grower sales at wholesale, by State, 1993 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75 75. Nursery crops: Value of production, imports, exports, and consumption, 1989 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . .76 76. Nursery crops: Total value of sales by category, by major State, 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77 77. Nursery crops: Number of growers by value of sales, by major State, 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77 78. Broadleaf evergreens: Growers, sales, and inventory, by major State, 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78 79. Coniferous evergreens: Growers, sales, and inventory, by major State, 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78 80. Deciduous shade trees: Growers, sales, and inventory, by major State, 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79 81. Deciduous flowering trees: Growers, sales, and inventory, by major State, 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79 82. Deciduous shrubs and other ornamentals: Growers, sales, and inventory, by major State, 2000 . . . . . .80 83. Fruit and nut plants for noncommercial use: Growers, sales, and inventory, by major State, 2000 . . . .80 84. Christmas trees, cut and to be cut: Growers, sales, and inventory, by major State, 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . .81 85. Propagation material or lining-out stock: Growers and sales, by major State, 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81

U.S. Trade and Household Population
86. Floriculture and nursery products: Value of total U.S. imports and exports, 1976 to date . . . . . . . . . . .82 87. Cut flowers: Value of U.S. imports, by region and country, 1993 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83 88. Nursery stock: Value of U.S. imports, by region and country, 1993 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84 89. Cut flowers and nursery stock: Value of U.S. imports, by region and country, 1993 to date . . . . . . . . .85 90. Floriculture and nursery products: Value of U.S. exports, by region and country, 1993 to date . . . . . .86 91. Floriculture and nursery products: Value of U.S. imports, by product, 1995 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87 92. Floriculture and nursery products: Quantity of U.S. imports, by product, 1995 to date . . . . . . . . . . . .88 93. Cut flowers: Quantity and value of U.S. imports, by product and country, 1998 to date . . . . . . . . . . . .89 94. Live plants and trees: Quantity and value of U.S. imports, by product and country, 1998 to date . . . .90 95. Bulbs and tubers: Quantity and value of U.S. imports, by product and country, 1998 to date . . . . . . . .91 96. Foliage and branches: Quantity and value of U.S. imports, by product and country, 1998 to date . . . .91 97. Floriculture and nursery products: Value of U.S. exports, by product, 1995 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92 98. Floriculture and nursery products: Quantity of U.S. exports, by product, 1995 to date . . . . . . . . . . . . .92 99. Population of the United States: Number of households, by year, by State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93 100. Number of U.S. households in 50 States, by region and State, 1992 to 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94

10 ✿ Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003

Economic Research Service/USDA

Table 1--Floriculture and nursery crops: Grower cash receipts, by State, 1993 to date 1/ State 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1,000 dollars Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming 200,986 10,135 59,254 23,936 1,902,610 98,515 107,881 27,523 1,017,655 144,933 69,513 49,068 218,314 71,391 48,313 30,420 50,157 47,788 21,000 229,717 123,436 369,574 110,052 32,349 64,514 13,000 15,100 6,200 35,700 209,510 37,181 212,806 795,113 27,000 467,551 170,356 352,459 315,885 41,500 127,745 --154,239 707,000 43,499 23,500 123,642 220,090 13,000 153,813 2,800 179,717 10,638 63,196 25,348 1,986,450 114,950 111,542 27,665 1,080,986 172,540 67,005 37,943 229,432 72,790 59,922 32,746 51,686 51,265 22,000 225,253 125,940 398,385 121,414 32,031 64,613 15,000 16,400 7,200 37,000 257,077 41,232 215,237 851,222 27,000 474,538 165,977 385,000 313,315 41,750 144,998 17,610 151,029 721,000 44,795 23,750 127,470 240,000 13,200 153,278 2,900 179,162 11,140 55,761 23,167 2,158,508 143,818 118,251 27,850 1,109,773 189,250 68,175 42,609 220,506 67,187 63,186 33,709 50,214 53,812 25,000 231,321 146,422 424,625 129,578 36,536 64,183 17,000 17,800 11,500 39,000 254,596 41,062 214,192 857,112 27,000 481,899 163,932 424,505 314,680 42,000 155,060 18,530 170,545 792,000 49,305 24,000 128,787 245,000 13,400 156,152 3,000 190,434 12,087 67,957 24,754 2,281,327 167,726 123,473 27,895 1,251,727 195,061 68,870 48,093 218,572 72,036 64,282 31,612 51,962 60,159 25,100 230,409 145,810 415,253 135,322 39,750 69,365 19,000 19,400 13,500 40,000 249,509 43,208 200,623 895,804 9,000 512,648 163,106 448,000 331,587 42,250 160,478 20,540 188,136 857,551 47,486 24,250 136,114 245,000 --140,481 3,100 207,942 11,099 79,125 33,738 2,575,354 191,290 137,622 27,945 1,363,234 215,828 66,655 61,190 255,200 84,045 62,158 36,834 62,543 70,237 29,772 238,002 117,257 451,384 151,889 49,968 77,373 20,000 21,000 15,600 44,900 260,355 50,779 247,494 929,524 9,500 531,603 141,071 492,000 383,781 30,962 174,065 17,100 187,683 1,042,826 51,190 18,588 146,835 262,620 --137,009 2,800 210,351 13,212 89,717 33,356 2,518,199 185,996 155,490 28,700 1,357,136 226,901 73,207 61,363 238,583 92,611 70,283 38,309 58,903 86,883 23,013 255,790 110,115 468,444 153,922 43,608 77,932 18,000 21,000 16,200 51,592 270,920 58,544 268,820 947,858 6,500 539,975 112,325 532,000 341,822 28,300 180,373 18,000 184,538 1,156,683 57,730 17,650 148,960 273,793 --122,039 2,600

1999 222,172 13,478 94,135 28,123 2,814,114 184,756 166,200 29,250 1,414,329 251,320 75,725 66,596 242,950 102,983 62,633 39,184 55,557 69,093 23,430 256,182 129,420 501,939 160,732 44,876 78,034 15,400 21,000 16,500 52,560 282,375 57,981 277,905 974,441 7,000 547,085 113,820 584,000 332,490 28,870 200,648 18,900 194,062 1,112,389 63,208 18,000 156,962 282,211 --132,860 2,400

2000 216,555 13,750 77,406 30,633 3,115,620 187,375 171,122 31,250 1,489,107 265,859 82,684 69,211 236,204 115,878 70,914 47,706 58,747 72,258 23,900 277,146 134,261 420,965 168,802 44,543 82,926 16,000 21,800 17,000 53,570 328,722 50,886 298,504 986,177 7,000 486,432 114,027 638,550 350,252 29,400 257,363 18,900 202,373 1,094,532 57,973 18,350 166,756 281,345 --134,510 2,430

2001 221,135 14,165 81,830 34,025 3,176,410 206,240 183,050 32,250 1,604,807 259,118 87,659 66,307 267,638 127,219 79,525 46,922 59,693 72,618 24,400 286,436 135,103 470,745 169,739 45,427 84,404 16,500 21,800 17,000 54,600 322,149 57,159 297,934 951,889 8,000 551,965 118,164 682,518 363,301 29,950 263,703 19,900 194,018 1,237,593 59,604 18,700 168,557 288,399 --146,423 2,630

2002p 243,234 14,920 86,344 32,446 3,061,859 211,636 185,623 33,250 1,626,993 260,541 90,009 68,000 254,581 132,413 75,478 45,298 63,106 72,526 24,400 303,869 135,660 503,918 171,476 45,624 83,254 17,000 21,800 15,600 54,600 337,440 60,746 314,989 840,770 8,500 546,100 123,220 702,191 360,350 29,950 281,212 21,830 194,016 1,340,936 61,966 18,700 169,219 298,533 --146,815 2,630

United States 9,397,723 9,853,435 10,335,800 10,829,807 11,876,969 12,048,246 12,620,278 13,137,674 13,729,321 13,795,571 p = Preliminary. - - - = not available. 1/ Includes cut flowers, cut cultivated greens, potted flowering and foliage plants, bedding and garden plants, bulbs, sod, ground covers, nursery crops, and related products. Includes unfinished plants and Christmas trees. Excludes seeds and food crops. Sources: National Agricultural Statistical Service and Economic Research Service, USDA.

Economic Research Service/USDA

Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 * 11

Table 2--Floriculture and nursery crops: State shares of total U.S. cash receipts, 1993 to date State 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 Percent Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming 2.1 0.1 0.6 0.3 20.2 1.0 1.1 0.3 10.8 1.5 0.7 0.5 2.3 0.8 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.2 2.4 1.3 3.9 1.2 0.3 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 2.2 0.4 2.3 8.5 0.3 5.0 1.8 3.8 3.4 0.4 1.4 0.0 1.6 7.5 0.5 0.3 1.3 2.3 0.1 1.6 0.0 1.8 0.1 0.6 0.3 20.2 1.2 1.1 0.3 11.0 1.8 0.7 0.4 2.3 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.2 2.3 1.3 4.0 1.2 0.3 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.4 2.6 0.4 2.2 8.6 0.3 4.8 1.7 3.9 3.2 0.4 1.5 0.2 1.5 7.3 0.5 0.2 1.3 2.4 0.1 1.6 0.0 1.7 0.1 0.5 0.2 20.9 1.4 1.1 0.3 10.7 1.8 0.7 0.4 2.1 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.2 2.2 1.4 4.1 1.3 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.4 2.5 0.4 2.1 8.3 0.3 4.7 1.6 4.1 3.0 0.4 1.5 0.2 1.7 7.7 0.5 0.2 1.2 2.4 0.1 1.5 0.0 1.8 0.1 0.6 0.2 21.1 1.5 1.1 0.3 11.6 1.8 0.6 0.4 2.0 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.2 2.1 1.3 3.8 1.2 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.4 2.3 0.4 1.9 8.3 0.1 4.7 1.5 4.1 3.1 0.4 1.5 0.2 1.7 7.9 0.4 0.2 1.3 2.3 --1.3 0.0 1.8 0.1 0.7 0.3 21.7 1.6 1.2 0.2 11.5 1.8 0.6 0.5 2.1 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.3 2.0 1.0 3.8 1.3 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.4 2.2 0.4 2.1 7.8 0.1 4.5 1.2 4.1 3.2 0.3 1.5 0.1 1.6 8.8 0.4 0.2 1.2 2.2 --1.2 0.0 1.7 0.1 0.7 0.3 20.9 1.5 1.3 0.2 11.3 1.9 0.6 0.5 2.0 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.2 2.1 0.9 3.9 1.3 0.4 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 2.2 0.5 2.2 7.9 0.1 4.5 0.9 4.4 2.8 0.2 1.5 0.1 1.5 9.6 0.5 0.1 1.2 2.3 --1.0 0.0 100.0

1999

2000

2001

2002p

1.8 0.1 0.7 0.2 22.3 1.5 1.3 0.2 11.2 2.0 0.6 0.5 1.9 0.8 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.2 2.0 1.0 4.0 1.3 0.4 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 2.2 0.5 2.2 7.7 0.1 4.3 0.9 4.6 2.6 0.2 1.6 0.1 1.5 8.8 0.5 0.1 1.2 2.2 --1.1 0.0 100.0

1.6 0.1 0.6 0.2 23.7 1.4 1.3 0.2 11.3 2.0 0.6 0.5 1.8 0.9 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.2 2.1 1.0 3.2 1.3 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 2.5 0.4 2.3 7.5 0.1 3.7 0.9 4.9 2.7 0.2 2.0 0.1 1.5 8.3 0.4 0.1 1.3 2.1 --1.0 0.0 100.0

1.6 0.1 0.6 0.2 23.1 1.5 1.3 0.2 11.7 1.9 0.6 0.5 1.9 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.2 2.1 1.0 3.4 1.2 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 2.3 0.4 2.2 6.9 0.1 4.0 0.9 5.0 2.6 0.2 1.9 0.1 1.4 9.0 0.4 0.1 1.2 2.1 --1.1 0.0 100.0

1.8 0.1 0.6 0.2 22.2 1.5 1.3 0.2 11.8 1.9 0.7 0.5 1.8 1.0 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.2 2.2 1.0 3.7 1.2 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 2.4 0.4 2.3 6.1 0.1 4.0 0.9 5.1 2.6 0.2 2.0 0.2 1.4 9.7 0.4 0.1 1.2 2.2 --1.1 0.0 100.0

United States 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 p = Preliminary. - - - = not available. State shares are calculated from table 1.

Sources: National Agricultural Statistical Service and Economic Research Service, USDA.

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Economic Research Service/USDA

Table 3--Floriculture and nursery crops: Ranking by State share of grower cash receipts, 1994-2002 Rank 1994 1996 1998 State, percent share 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 CA FL NC TX OH MI OR PA NJ WA IL MD NY AL GA OK WI TN SC VA MA MN CO CT IN HI MO AZ IA KY LA UT RI NM ID NH KS MS DE ND AR VT ME SD NE MT WV AK NV WY 20.2 11.0 8.6 7.3 4.8 4.0 3.9 3.2 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 CA FL NC TX OH OR MI PA NJ WA MD IL NY GA AL TN CO OK SC MA WI VA MN CT IN MO HI AZ IA LA KY ID UT NM RI NH MS KS DE ME AR VT SD NE MT NV AK ND WY WV 21.1 11.6 8.3 7.9 4.7 4.1 3.8 3.1 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 --100.0 CA FL TX NC OH OR MI PA WA NJ NY MD IL GA AL CO TN SC CT MN VA WI OK MA IN AZ LA MO HI IA ID KY NM UT NH MS KS AR DE RI ME NE SD MT VT NV AK ND WY WV 20.9 11.3 9.6 7.9 4.5 4.4 3.9 2.8 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 --100.0 CA FL TX NC OH MI MD PA NY NJ SC WA CO GA MN VA IL WI MA OR AL IN OK MO HI CT TN AZ LA IA ID KY UT NH NM KS MS DE AR RI ME NE SD VT NV MT AK ND WY WV 21.9 10.1 10.0 8.3 4.4 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.5 2.4 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 --100.0 CA FL TX NC OR OH MI PA NJ NY MD WA SC GA IL AL CO TN CT MN VA WI MA IN OK HI AZ MO IA LA ID KY UT NM NH MS KS DE AR RI ME SD NE VT MT NV AK ND WY WV 22.2 11.8 9.7 6.1 5.1 4.0 3.7 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 --100.0 2000 2002p

Total 100.0 p = Preliminary. - - - = not available. Source: Economic Research Service, USDA.

Economic Research Service/USDA

Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 * 13

Table 4--Floriculture and nursery crops: Value of grower cash receipts, by crop group, 1966 to date Commercial floriculture crops in major States 1/ Potted Year Cut flowers flowering plants Foliage plants Bedding and garden plants Cut cultivated greens Expanded floriculture wholesale value 2/ Nursery crops 3/ Total floriculture and nursery crops 4/

1,000 dollars 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 5/ 1983 5/ 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p 142,702 147,519 167,209 198,843 198,559 203,710 221,230 227,604 234,420 193,264 209,136 213,490 230,655 242,701 250,093 252,759 N.A. N.A. 271,317 371,509 359,826 439,473 457,854 482,531 467,720 471,556 458,455 423,911 442,297 423,630 412,700 471,569 411,595 431,624 429,963 418,103 410,015 N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. 144,274 156,403 172,473 182,603 209,931 232,346 N.A. N.A. 226,517 291,334 388,727 511,169 507,731 538,227 550,176 569,163 645,989 683,346 662,490 681,107 684,340 722,869 736,837 758,838 799,599 824,750 822,434 23,988 26,079 26,412 29,158 27,073 37,586 48,428 67,982 113,503 184,898 243,427 275,300 281,919 283,928 312,968 329,160 N.A. N.A. 429,641 468,495 521,374 515,332 481,631 488,851 474,930 447,567 427,009 417,049 489,306 498,969 508,947 499,964 502,501 511,999 560,192 650,590 663,052 N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. 94,094 114,976 129,739 148,996 180,294 207,922 N.A. N.A. 345,123 487,289 560,126 739,004 755,261 896,536 829,103 942,449 1,118,171 1,170,011 1,280,087 1,356,967 1,428,133 1,746,959 1,872,610 1,943,139 2,095,420 2,176,502 2,283,694 N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. 66,733 76,884 88,471 90,761 98,851 106,584 110,039 111,524 115,979 119,247 113,124 118,185 116,184 117,689 126,675 126,168 112,358 110,944 182,565 191,774 213,183 249,939 250,157 268,099 300,326 329,682 386,595 420,399 690,931 760,169 814,786 858,228 953,286 1,022,187 N.A. N.A. 1,272,598 1,685,360 1,906,937 2,293,449 2,293,248 2,504,996 2,652,007 2,795,438 3,022,388 3,073,126 3,246,912 3,328,632 3,407,320 3,896,050 3,947,517 4,096,560 4,576,585 4,802,555 4,878,967 644,094 669,150 681,650 678,294 708,218 746,215 820,630 993,235 1,079,920 1,269,023 1,348,300 1,491,296 1,822,556 2,125,085 2,465,502 2,634,434 4,015,485 4,529,351 3,902,911 3,722,022 4,076,115 4,443,237 5,012,479 5,328,729 5,962,640 6,182,426 6,270,415 6,324,597 6,606,523 7,007,168 7,422,487 7,980,919 8,100,729 8,523,718 8,561,089 8,926,766 8,916,604 826,659 860,924 894,833 928,233 958,375 1,014,314 1,120,956 1,322,917 1,466,515 1,689,422 2,039,231 2,251,465 2,637,342 2,983,313 3,418,788 3,656,621 4,015,485 4,529,351 5,175,509 5,407,382 5,983,052 6,736,686 7,305,727 7,833,725 8,614,647 8,977,864 9,292,803 9,397,723 9,853,435 10,335,800 10,829,807 11,876,969 12,048,246 12,620,278 13,137,674 13,729,321 13,795,571

N.A. = Not available. p = preliminary. 1/ Based on wholesale value of sales; since 1992, includes only commercial growers with $100,000 or more in annual floriculture sales; 36 surveyed States. Data for 1986-91 includes 29 crops in 28 States; 1992-93 includes 29 crops in 36 States; 1994 to date includes 40 crops in 36 States. 2/ Expanded wholesale value includes commercial growers with at least $10,000 in annual floriculture crop sales. 3/ ERS and NASS estimate annual cash receipts from nursery crops for all 50 States. 4/ Includes estimated grower sales of floriculture crops in the 14 smaller States not surveyed by NASS. 5/ Floriculture surveys were not conducted in 1982 and 1983. Sources: Floriculture Crops, NASS and Economic Research Service, USDA.

14 * Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003

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Table 5--Floriculture and nursery crops: Value of production, trade, and consumption, 1980 to date Production and trade Consumption Domestic Domestic Per Per Year production 1/ Imports Supply Exports consumption 2/ household capita --1,000 dollars-1,000 dollars -DollarsFloriculture and nursery crops 1980 3,418,788 1981 3,656,621 1982 4,015,485 1983 4,529,351 1984 5,175,509 1985 5,407,382 1986 5,983,052 1987 6,736,686 1988 7,305,727 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p Nursery crops 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p 7,833,725 8,614,647 8,977,864 9,292,803 9,397,723 9,853,435 10,335,800 10,829,807 11,876,969 12,048,246 12,620,278 13,137,674 13,729,321 13,795,571 5,328,729 5,962,640 6,182,426 6,270,415 6,324,597 6,606,523 7,007,168 7,422,487 7,980,919 8,100,729 8,523,718 8,561,089 8,926,766 8,916,604 158,071 170,638 200,112 236,844 309,145 324,891 358,046 375,865 429,169 511,403 537,751 546,817 603,936 654,042 712,398 858,830 951,958 1,003,793 1,080,464 1,100,924 1,159,835 1,151,055 1,133,020 143,042 157,396 165,699 181,862 192,009 203,380 239,760 255,287 263,713 287,097 300,556 306,500 312,206 297,554 368,361 380,356 381,118 422,074 462,033 509,018 619,070 696,671 740,080 793,366 800,368 853,336 838,849 835,466 3,576,859 3,827,259 4,215,597 4,766,195 5,484,724 5,732,273 6,341,098 7,112,471 7,677,553 8,345,128 9,152,398 9,524,681 9,896,739 10,051,765 10,565,833 11,194,630 11,781,765 12,880,762 13,128,710 13,721,202 14,297,509 14,880,376 14,928,591 5,471,771 6,120,036 6,348,125 6,452,277 6,516,606 6,809,903 7,246,928 7,677,774 8,244,632 8,387,826 8,824,274 8,867,589 9,238,972 9,214,158 2,873,357 3,032,363 3,176,556 3,444,462 3,535,159 3,755,930 3,947,702 4,103,991 4,636,130 4,740,883 4,896,928 5,429,921 5,641,404 5,714,433 61,649 72,464 70,848 71,755 63,495 55,265 62,470 67,171 83,797 119,942 203,964 215,765 221,500 241,543 252,214 241,012 242,459 282,770 305,841 299,330 278,838 264,233 249,371 78,560 101,912 107,152 119,892 143,266 151,990 137,924 128,608 146,022 170,534 155,822 143,969 144,291 137,902 41,382 102,053 108,614 101,609 98,277 100,224 103,088 113,851 136,748 135,306 143,508 134,869 119,942 111,469 3,515,210 3,754,795 4,144,749 4,694,440 5,421,229 5,677,008 6,278,628 7,045,300 7,593,755 8,225,187 8,948,434 9,308,916 9,675,239 9,810,222 10,313,619 10,953,618 11,539,306 12,597,992 12,822,869 13,421,872 14,018,672 14,616,143 14,679,220 5,393,211 6,018,124 6,240,973 6,332,386 6,373,340 6,657,913 7,109,004 7,549,167 8,098,611 8,217,292 8,668,452 8,723,620 9,094,681 9,076,256 2,831,975 2,930,310 3,067,943 3,342,853 3,436,883 3,655,706 3,844,614 3,990,140 4,499,381 4,605,577 4,753,420 5,295,052 5,521,462 5,602,964 44 46 50 56 64 66 72 79 84 90 97 100 102 103 107 113 117 126 127 130 133 137 136 59 65 67 67 67 69 73 76 81 81 84 83 85 84 31 32 33 35 36 38 39 40 45 46 46 50 52 52 15 16 18 20 23 24 26 29 31 33 36 37 38 38 39 41 43 46 47 48 50 51 51 22 24 25 25 25 25 27 28 30 30 31 31 32 31 11 12 12 13 13 14 14 15 17 17 17 19 19 19

Import share Percent 4.5 4.5 4.8 5.0 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.7 6.2 6.0 5.9 6.2 6.7 6.9 7.8 8.2 8.0 8.4 8.2 8.3 7.9 7.7 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 13.0 13.0 12.4 12.6 13.4 13.9 16.1 17.5 16.4 17.2 16.8 16.1 15.2 14.9 -Continued

Floriculture crops 3/ 1989 2,504,996 1990 2,652,007 1991 2,795,438 1992 3,022,388 1993 3,073,126 1994 3,246,912 1995 3,328,632 1996 3,407,320 1997 3,896,050 1998 3,947,517 1999 4,096,560 2000 4,576,585 2001 4,802,555 2002 p 4,878,967 See footnotes at end of table.

Economic Research Service/USDA

Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 * 15

Table 5--Floriculture and nursery crops: Value of production, trade, and consumption --Continued Production and trade Consumption Domestic Domestic Per Per Year production 1/ Imports Supply Exports consumption 2/ household capita --1,000 dollars-1,000 dollars -DollarsFlowering, bedding, foliage plants 4/ 1989 2,022,465 52,707 1990 2,184,287 54,110 1991 2,323,882 59,102 1992 2,563,933 69,708 1993 2,649,215 79,851 1994 2,804,615 88,914 1995 2,905,002 107,546 1996 2,994,620 124,121 1997 3,424,481 145,034 1998 3,535,922 179,004 1999 3,664,936 208,002 2000 4,146,622 242,875 2001 4,384,452 273,381 2002 p 4,468,952 294,000

Import share Percent

2,075,172 2,238,397 2,382,984 2,633,641 2,729,066 2,893,529 3,012,548 3,118,741 3,569,515 3,714,926 3,872,938 4,389,497 4,657,833 4,762,952

30,609 72,508 74,915 69,104 59,176 62,311 62,773 66,350 87,996 90,754 101,782 95,150 80,267 75,352

2,044,563 2,165,889 2,308,070 2,564,537 2,669,890 2,831,218 2,949,774 3,052,391 3,481,519 3,624,173 3,771,156 4,294,347 4,577,566 4,687,600

22 24 25 27 28 30 30 31 35 36 37 41 43 43

8 9 9 10 10 11 11 11 13 13 14 15 16 16

2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7 3.0 3.1 3.6 4.1 4.2 4.9 5.5 5.7 6.0 6.3

Cut flowers 1989 482,531 315,654 798,185 10,773 787,413 9 3 1990 467,720 326,246 793,966 29,545 764,421 8 3 1991 471,556 322,016 793,572 33,699 759,873 8 3 1992 458,455 352,366 810,821 32,505 778,316 8 3 1993 423,911 382,182 806,093 39,100 766,992 8 3 1994 442,297 420,104 862,401 37,913 824,488 9 3 1995 423,630 511,524 935,154 40,314 894,840 9 3 1996 412,700 572,550 985,250 47,502 937,748 10 3 1997 471,569 595,045 1,066,614 48,753 1,017,862 10 4 1998 411,595 614,362 1,025,957 44,553 981,404 10 4 1999 431,624 592,366 1,023,990 41,726 982,264 10 4 2000 429,963 610,461 1,040,424 39,719 1,000,705 9 4 2001 418,103 565,468 983,571 39,675 943,896 9 3 2002 p 410,015 541,466 951,481 36,116 915,364 8 3 p = Preliminary. Imports and exports are actual Census data. 1/ Based on grower wholesale receipts from table 4. 2/ Domestic consumption equals supply minus exports. Supply equals domestic production plus imports. 3/ Includes cut flowers, flowering, bedding, foliage, and herbaceous plants, cut greens, and propagative material. 4/ Includes potted flowering plants, foliage plants, bedding and garden plants, cut cultivated greens, and propagative material. Domestic production is the difference between domestic production of all floriculture crops and that of cut flowers. Imports and exports are the difference between imports and exports of all floriculture crops and those of cut flowers. Sources: ERS; U.S. Bureau of Census.

40.1 42.7 42.4 45.3 49.8 51.0 57.2 61.1 58.5 62.6 60.3 61.0 59.9 59.2

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Table 6--Floriculture and nursery crops: Grower cash receipts, by crop group, region, and State, 1993 Commercial floriculture in major States 1/ Expanded Year, Potted Bedding Cut floriculture region, Cut flowering Foliage and garden cultivated wholesale and State flowers plants plants plants greens value 2/ 1,000 dollars 1993 Northeast: ----------410,208 Connecticut 1,999 7,244 2,782 20,981 --40,881 Maine ------------Massachusetts 7,997 8,765 1,599 21,510 --54,436 New Hampshire ------------New Jersey 7,642 24,677 4,899 34,397 --81,200 New York 14,240 29,139 3,258 65,029 --127,806 Pennsylvania 8,023 28,343 5,248 43,050 71 105,885 Rhode Island ------------Vermont ------------Midwest: Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska North Dakota Ohio South Dakota Wisconsin South: Alabama Arkansas Delaware Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West Virginia West: Alaska Arizona California Colorado Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington Wyoming --4,282 11,765 316 39 10,880 7,336 738 ----6,922 --1,798 --568 ----26,167 201 1,180 --534 73 1,317 26 3 807 198 2,341 ------1,277 245,452 19,762 16,085 ------221 7,629 3,479 12,614 ----19,970 6,989 9,493 6,546 22,918 10,864 10,474 ----35,446 --12,177 --20,545 1,983 --91,435 10,627 5,262 3,932 9,731 3,013 31,646 4,197 4,808 10,205 42,214 16,675 ------1,402 132,461 6,423 8,475 ------13,013 18,371 4,963 8,920 --683,346 --2,473 2,198 2,035 1,978 3,072 964 2,424 ----9,518 --828 --2,252 578 --224,803 2,597 511 3,864 391 436 8,046 1,182 679 1,053 23,900 1,863 ------2,905 77,040 1,471 13,384 ------1,270 796 2,661 2,091 --417,049 --32,739 15,764 16,469 12,057 95,924 24,888 18,884 ----83,918 --31,865 --27,851 6,585 --80,257 25,478 10,274 10,087 19,586 4,604 39,109 6,906 7,180 13,201 101,834 21,920 ------14,750 155,755 28,114 1,823 ------3,537 23,994 9,666 40,025 --1,170,011 ----------30 --4 ----53 ------------98,063 15 ------8 --------920 11 --------12,421 --591 --------3,792 ------115,979 605,318 68,314 43,691 33,458 22,420 145,574 50,052 38,014 ----148,982 --54,813 1,117,947 55,986 11,936 --542,655 44,933 22,357 20,913 34,217 9,349 85,113 15,356 15,745 30,396 181,171 47,820 --939,653 --21,354 639,404 58,515 48,893 ------19,181 60,042 23,499 68,765 --3,073,126

Nursery crops

Total floriculture and nursery crops

681,010 67,000 21,000 69,000 35,700 128,310 85,000 210,000 41,500 23,500 970,724 150,000 27,700 14,855 8,000 224,000 60,000 26,500 15,100 27,000 318,569 --99,000 2,748,192 145,000 12,000 27,523 475,000 100,000 27,800 26,875 195,500 23,000 710,000 155,000 112,000 123,843 525,829 75,822 13,000 1,924,671 10,135 37,900 1,263,206 40,000 20,620 49,068 13,000 6,200 18,000 292,417 20,000 151,325 2,800 6,324,597

1,091,218 107,881 21,000 123,436 35,700 209,510 212,806 315,885 41,500 23,500 1,576,042 218,314 71,391 48,313 30,420 369,574 110,052 64,514 15,100 27,000 467,551 --153,813 3,866,139 200,986 23,936 27,523 1,017,655 144,933 50,157 47,788 229,717 32,349 795,113 170,356 127,745 154,239 707,000 123,642 13,000 2,864,324 10,135 59,254 1,902,610 98,515 69,513 49,068 13,000 6,200 37,181 352,459 43,499 220,090 2,800 9,397,723 Continued--

423,911 United States See footnotes at end of table.

Economic Research Service/USDA

Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 * 17

Table 6--Floriculture and nursery crops: Grower cash receipts, by crop group, region, and State, 1994 --Continued Commercial floriculture in major States 1/ Expanded Year, Potted Bedding Cut floriculture region, Cut flowering Foliage and garden cultivated wholesale and State flowers plants plants plants greens value 2/ 1,000 dollars 1994 Northeast: ----------420,032 Connecticut 1,421 7,343 2,439 22,974 --41,542 Maine ------------Massachusetts 5,800 10,186 1,257 23,602 --53,940 New Hampshire ------------New Jersey 8,978 27,052 5,368 39,760 --90,998 New York 8,023 33,190 2,451 66,093 --125,237 Pennsylvania 6,657 26,900 5,154 48,184 --108,315 Rhode Island ------------Vermont ------------Midwest: Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska North Dakota Ohio South Dakota Wisconsin South: Alabama Arkansas Delaware Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West Virginia West: Alaska Arizona California Colorado Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington Wyoming --2,130 12,364 214 35 10,839 6,068 701 ----6,588 --2,445 --547 ----34,397 201 784 --649 107 1,297 5 1,126 722 194 2,665 ------1,402 263,238 18,896 14,794 ------5,881 8,470 3,036 11,623 ----23,613 5,938 10,547 6,760 24,459 10,938 10,379 ----34,600 --12,182 --12,841 2,190 --78,187 8,843 5,637 3,670 6,809 1,867 28,230 3,633 4,625 10,826 31,492 18,399 ------1,160 137,055 6,988 8,923 ------11,780 18,890 7,468 8,890 --662,490 --1,233 1,885 1,415 2,454 3,587 1,388 2,350 ----9,160 --684 --2,209 246 --296,058 3,175 646 2,761 497 435 5,816 1,133 818 861 23,693 1,846 ------2,883 86,634 1,501 11,639 ------1,503 787 1,707 1,633 --489,306 --44,345 15,593 20,106 13,122 117,140 26,885 17,582 ----91,564 --31,149 --29,715 6,732 --76,569 29,111 10,809 10,153 20,183 3,482 41,019 7,456 10,956 14,105 110,495 24,535 ------16,504 182,480 24,115 1,412 ------2,763 28,635 10,049 40,710 --1,280,087 --11 ------0 --1 ----16 --3 --70 ----97,610 0 ------------333 --804 10 ------7 16,231 --363 --------3,788 ------119,247 650,873 79,432 43,190 36,977 24,246 168,385 51,414 37,613 ----155,338 --54,278 1,167,874 49,717 12,348 --600,986 47,540 21,986 19,284 31,753 7,031 81,222 15,977 21,998 31,629 174,733 51,670 --1,008,133 --22,796 701,448 54,950 46,281 ------23,232 66,135 24,795 68,496 --3,246,912

Nursery crops

Total floriculture and nursery crops

727,579 70,000 22,000 72,000 37,000 166,079 90,000 205,000 41,750 23,750 1,017,255 150,000 29,600 22,945 8,500 230,000 70,000 27,000 16,400 27,000 319,200 17,610 99,000 2,853,513 130,000 13,000 27,665 480,000 125,000 29,700 31,981 193,500 25,000 770,000 150,000 123,000 119,400 546,267 75,800 13,200 2,008,176 10,638 40,400 1,285,002 60,000 20,724 37,943 15,000 7,200 18,000 318,865 20,000 171,504 2,900 6,606,523

1,147,611 111,542 22,000 125,940 37,000 257,077 215,237 313,315 41,750 23,750 1,668,128 229,432 72,790 59,922 32,746 398,385 121,414 64,613 16,400 27,000 474,538 17,610 153,278 4,021,387 179,717 25,348 27,665 1,080,986 172,540 51,686 51,265 225,253 32,031 851,222 165,977 144,998 151,029 721,000 127,470 13,200 3,016,309 10,638 63,196 1,986,450 114,950 67,005 37,943 15,000 7,200 41,232 385,000 44,795 240,000 2,900 9,853,435 Continued--

442,297 United States See footnotes at end of table.

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Economic Research Service/USDA

Table 6--Floriculture and nursery crops: Grower cash receipts, by crop group, region, and State, 1995 --Continued Commercial floriculture in major States 1/ Expanded Year, Potted Bedding Cut floriculture region, Cut flowering Foliage and garden cultivated wholesale and State flowers plants plants plants greens value 2/ 1,000 dollars 1995 Northeast: ----------456,443 Connecticut 1,611 6,728 2,798 27,419 --46,251 Maine ------------Massachusetts 6,645 11,491 3,531 36,130 --72,422 New Hampshire ------------New Jersey 14,971 26,777 4,634 40,810 --96,898 New York 7,612 31,944 2,165 68,511 --126,192 Pennsylvania 7,036 26,640 3,665 57,119 --114,680 Rhode Island ------------Vermont ------------Midwest: Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska North Dakota Ohio South Dakota Wisconsin South: Alabama Arkansas Delaware Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West Virginia West: Alaska Arizona California Colorado Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington Wyoming --1,967 3,490 219 72 10,205 5,506 615 ----4,939 --2,898 --450 6 --26,695 200 351 235 603 177 1,344 2 1,124 768 217 2,513 ------1,458 262,385 16,782 13,709 ------3,003 9,283 2,811 11,728 ----22,413 6,596 11,435 6,181 26,177 12,411 10,685 ----35,965 --11,163 --12,863 2,203 --80,148 10,064 5,001 3,187 6,514 2,394 32,767 2,780 4,877 11,688 41,127 16,881 ------738 130,078 10,086 9,771 ------11,925 18,034 8,581 12,794 --681,107 --2,691 2,586 1,583 2,301 3,767 1,318 2,097 ----9,946 --978 --1,716 309 --309,121 2,429 482 2,755 317 233 4,461 874 1,422 1,205 22,093 1,739 ------1,597 86,396 1,920 10,035 ------1,530 784 2,033 1,458 --498,969 --35,575 15,555 22,084 14,780 131,171 28,233 17,626 ----92,450 --33,889 --29,573 4,393 --105,721 35,962 11,435 8,412 21,331 4,632 38,515 6,886 14,112 16,714 106,091 26,840 ------7,548 177,623 30,766 1,868 ------3,206 29,010 12,780 42,197 --1,356,967 --------------------4 --4 --30 ----90,538 ------------------866 9 ------36 16,866 --95 --------4,667 ------113,124 659,540 70,506 36,387 39,401 24,909 184,625 54,578 36,483 ----155,499 --57,152 1,210,792 49,162 9,167 --629,773 54,250 21,679 17,034 32,321 9,536 82,112 13,932 25,060 34,545 179,934 52,287 --1,001,857 --12,061 690,928 63,818 45,213 ------21,062 67,283 28,305 73,187 --3,328,632

Nursery crops

Total floriculture and nursery crops

721,698 72,000 25,000 74,000 39,000 157,698 88,000 200,000 42,000 24,000 1,044,815 150,000 30,800 23,785 8,800 240,000 75,000 27,700 17,800 27,000 326,400 18,530 99,000 2,971,129 130,000 14,000 27,850 480,000 135,000 28,535 36,778 199,000 27,000 775,000 150,000 130,000 136,000 612,066 76,500 13,400 2,269,526 11,140 43,700 1,467,580 80,000 22,962 42,609 17,000 11,500 20,000 357,222 21,000 171,813 3,000 7,007,168

1,178,141 118,251 25,000 146,422 39,000 254,596 214,192 314,680 42,000 24,000 1,704,355 220,506 67,187 63,186 33,709 424,625 129,578 64,183 17,800 27,000 481,899 18,530 156,152 4,181,921 179,162 23,167 27,850 1,109,773 189,250 50,214 53,812 231,321 36,536 857,112 163,932 155,060 170,545 792,000 128,787 13,400 3,271,383 11,140 55,761 2,158,508 143,818 68,175 42,609 17,000 11,500 41,062 424,505 49,305 245,000 3,000 10,335,800 Continued--

423,630 United States See footnotes at end of table.

Economic Research Service/USDA

Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 * 19

Table 6--Floriculture and nursery crops: Grower cash receipts, by crop group, region, and State, 1996 --Continued Commercial floriculture in major States 1/ Expanded Year, Potted Bedding Cut floriculture region, Cut flowering Foliage and garden cultivated wholesale and State flowers plants plants plants greens value 2/ 1,000 dollars 1996 Northeast: ----------454,178 Connecticut 1,742 7,166 2,346 31,439 --49,473 Maine ------------Massachusetts 6,030 11,765 3,310 35,655 --69,810 New Hampshire ------------New Jersey 12,061 25,116 5,925 42,462 --94,685 New York 6,837 24,234 1,636 60,294 --108,623 Pennsylvania 6,613 27,798 7,052 65,569 --131,587 Rhode Island ------------Vermont ------------Midwest: Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska North Dakota Ohio South Dakota Wisconsin South: Alabama Arkansas Delaware Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West Virginia West: Alaska Arizona California Colorado Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington Wyoming --1,643 3,818 256 16 10,388 6,560 518 ----4,982 --2,915 --450 25 --27,285 322 331 155 449 184 1,875 2 1,100 623 215 2,496 ------2,000 254,661 17,268 13,661 ------2,996 8,880 1,865 11,478 ----19,553 6,179 11,175 6,582 27,442 11,514 9,547 ----33,122 --11,480 --13,308 2,257 --78,164 10,913 4,062 3,492 5,754 2,831 35,173 2,426 8,859 11,766 39,054 22,501 ------1,062 139,512 11,531 12,060 ------13,081 17,731 7,326 8,804 --684,340 --1,593 1,350 1,363 1,201 3,712 1,212 2,765 ----9,599 --905 --1,448 225 --329,580 2,191 576 2,270 196 327 6,892 965 748 1,210 22,614 1,756 ------1,005 72,514 1,378 13,067 ------1,404 714 2,386 1,512 --508,947 --38,673 15,599 21,939 12,953 131,250 28,796 16,875 ----92,810 --34,122 --37,328 5,006 --127,300 36,745 12,008 11,664 21,534 5,143 45,533 6,563 12,086 16,800 113,463 29,922 ------18,270 168,197 33,208 2,300 ------2,482 37,295 12,532 44,318 --1,428,133 ----------11 ------------4 --30 ----96,668 ------------------931 34 --------16,671 --164 --------3,578 ------118,185 652,162 68,572 34,836 39,743 22,372 185,253 54,322 34,865 ----154,718 --57,481 1,295,606 56,434 9,754 --676,727 55,061 21,462 20,071 30,909 10,750 95,804 13,106 25,478 35,184 183,852 61,014 --1,005,374 --22,787 671,070 67,726 50,687 ------21,208 73,958 26,486 71,452 --3,407,320

Nursery crops

Total floriculture and nursery crops

728,424 74,000 25,100 76,000 40,000 154,824 92,000 200,000 42,250 24,250 1,056,349 150,000 37,200 24,539 9,240 230,000 81,000 34,500 19,400 9,000 357,930 20,540 83,000 3,177,734 134,000 15,000 27,895 575,000 140,000 30,500 40,088 199,500 29,000 800,000 150,000 135,000 152,952 673,699 75,100 --2,459,980 12,087 45,170 1,610,257 100,000 18,183 48,093 19,000 13,500 22,000 374,042 21,000 173,548 3,100 7,422,487

1,182,602 123,473 25,100 145,810 40,000 249,509 200,623 331,587 42,250 24,250 1,708,511 218,572 72,036 64,282 31,612 415,253 135,322 69,365 19,400 9,000 512,648 20,540 140,481 4,473,340 190,434 24,754 27,895 1,251,727 195,061 51,962 60,159 230,409 39,750 895,804 163,106 160,478 188,136 857,551 136,114 --3,465,354 12,087 67,957 2,281,327 167,726 68,870 48,093 19,000 13,500 43,208 448,000 47,486 245,000 3,100 10,829,807 Continued--

412,700 United States See footnotes at end of table.

20 * Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003

Economic Research Service/USDA

Table 6--Floriculture and nursery crops: Grower cash receipts, by crop group, region, and State, 1997 --Continued Commercial floriculture in major States 1/ Expanded Year, Potted Bedding Cut floriculture region, Cut flowering Foliage and garden cultivated wholesale and State flowers plants plants plants greens value 2/ 1,000 dollars 1997 Northeast: ----------551,681 Connecticut 1,630 6,369 1,071 43,084 --59,939 Maine ------------Massachusetts 5,200 9,311 3,726 41,740 --75,367 New Hampshire ------------New Jersey 11,916 26,513 6,722 61,814 --120,100 New York 6,125 37,106 1,919 76,962 --147,494 Pennsylvania 6,317 31,146 4,123 81,560 --148,781 Rhode Island ------------Vermont ------------Midwest: Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska North Dakota Ohio South Dakota Wisconsin South: Alabama Arkansas Delaware Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West Virginia West: Alaska Arizona California Colorado Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington Wyoming --3,625 4,006 140 15 11,514 7,057 321 ----4,066 --2,736 --487 8 --29,241 150 319 179 1,719 254 2,323 0 3,864 558 290 1,948 ------1,698 307,557 12,932 15,622 ------4,800 10,499 708 11,745 ----29,640 5,880 10,859 6,316 26,477 12,305 10,948 ----33,159 --10,868 --9,485 3,824 --85,519 10,591 4,742 3,327 6,403 3,763 37,188 3,178 6,908 12,386 34,597 21,318 ------2,505 144,701 10,818 12,846 ------13,685 18,602 10,121 9,465 --722,869 --1,384 1,884 1,359 1,598 3,313 1,338 2,103 ----8,342 --611 --1,658 286 --305,603 1,770 1,712 2,969 1,073 488 6,272 382 1,348 1,425 24,314 3,576 ------2,429 86,811 979 11,160 ------2,058 687 1,512 1,959 --499,964 --59,991 19,010 25,135 16,460 153,877 36,399 21,571 ----111,704 --41,429 --56,947 11,514 --113,675 41,657 16,495 12,107 24,666 12,133 56,578 7,811 24,241 24,834 111,683 37,633 ------24,538 211,549 41,380 2,080 ------3,556 45,986 13,644 61,516 --1,746,959 ----------48 --------2 --40 --------93,771 --------------4 --710 ----------16,548 --145 --------4,693 ------116,184 778,715 105,200 41,445 42,308 27,134 211,384 65,889 42,173 ----177,073 --66,109 1,382,494 72,942 17,738 --656,234 60,828 28,543 21,807 37,002 19,968 114,524 16,071 39,065 45,683 181,254 70,835 --1,183,160 --32,235 792,321 71,290 51,993 ------25,779 88,732 28,190 92,620 --3,896,050

Nursery crops

Total floriculture and nursery crops

719,050 77,683 29,772 41,890 44,900 140,255 100,000 235,000 30,962 18,588 1,056,380 150,000 42,600 19,850 9,700 240,000 86,000 35,200 21,000 9,500 354,530 17,100 70,900 3,508,947 135,000 16,000 27,945 707,000 155,000 34,000 48,430 201,000 30,000 815,000 125,000 135,000 142,000 861,572 76,000 --2,696,542 11,099 46,890 1,783,033 120,000 14,662 61,190 20,000 15,600 25,000 403,268 23,000 170,000 2,800 7,980,919

1,270,731 137,622 29,772 117,257 44,900 260,355 247,494 383,781 30,962 18,588 1,835,095 255,200 84,045 62,158 36,834 451,384 151,889 77,373 21,000 9,500 531,603 17,100 137,009 4,891,441 207,942 33,738 27,945 1,363,234 215,828 62,543 70,237 238,002 49,968 929,524 141,071 174,065 187,683 1,042,826 146,835 --3,879,702 11,099 79,125 2,575,354 191,290 66,655 61,190 20,000 15,600 50,779 492,000 51,190 262,620 2,800 11,876,969 Continued--

471,569 United States See footnotes at end of table.

Economic Research Service/USDA

Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 * 21

Table 6--Floriculture and nursery crops: Grower cash receipts, by crop group, region, and State, 1998 --Continued Commercial floriculture in major States 1/ Expanded Year, Potted Bedding Cut floriculture region, Cut flowering Foliage and garden cultivated wholesale and State flowers plants plants plants greens value 2/ 1,000 dollars 1998 Northeast: ----------554,092 Connecticut 1,500 7,319 584 48,098 --64,926 Maine ------------Massachusetts 4,826 9,159 3,321 39,897 --70,133 New Hampshire ------------New Jersey 8,495 25,794 7,510 66,747 250 120,391 New York 6,408 35,010 2,185 93,397 10 158,820 Pennsylvania 4,734 38,994 3,375 70,414 --139,822 Rhode Island ------------Vermont ------------Midwest: Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska North Dakota Ohio South Dakota Wisconsin South: Alabama Arkansas Delaware Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West Virginia West: Alaska Arizona California Colorado Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington Wyoming --2,810 2,927 166 10 8,551 6,469 204 ----3,220 --2,949 --640 1 --27,398 1 390 91 1,298 70 2,017 0 1,794 465 431 947 ------1,863 261,548 11,425 14,383 ------5,461 10,214 153 17,736 ----19,073 6,041 14,293 7,266 27,621 11,880 11,404 ----25,597 --10,620 --9,528 1,661 --76,610 8,248 4,741 3,351 7,522 3,573 30,249 2,760 7,386 12,124 61,726 20,656 ------3,168 156,035 9,505 14,255 ------15,082 19,292 9,641 9,653 --736,837 --1,486 2,055 1,832 1,379 3,056 1,252 1,955 ----3,728 --313 --1,972 765 --311,104 1,281 1,383 2,060 710 357 7,816 190 848 1,068 24,896 1,710 ------2,363 87,819 1,645 13,217 ------3,783 558 845 2,089 --502,501 --56,814 19,538 29,797 17,119 172,215 38,375 20,614 ----118,675 --37,166 --58,831 12,769 --99,927 46,491 15,077 12,739 37,882 7,568 67,936 10,727 21,359 25,676 133,593 39,629 ------33,108 241,874 44,146 2,200 ------3,108 47,860 19,054 62,190 --1,872,610 ----------66 1 ----------36 --------90,667 --2 --3 ----3 11 --686 27 --------19,560 --127 --------6,240 ------117,689 773,338 88,583 40,611 50,273 28,309 228,444 65,672 41,932 ----168,275 --61,239 1,412,067 75,351 17,356 --629,136 61,901 26,903 21,031 52,290 13,608 117,858 17,325 35,373 44,538 230,437 68,960 --1,208,020 --41,447 790,101 70,996 54,802 ------28,544 91,109 32,228 98,793 --3,947,517

Nursery crops

Total floriculture and nursery crops

713,630 90,564 23,013 39,982 51,592 150,529 110,000 202,000 28,300 17,650 1,074,260 150,000 52,000 20,010 10,000 240,000 88,250 36,000 21,000 6,500 371,700 18,000 60,800 3,620,298 135,000 16,000 28,700 728,000 165,000 32,000 65,852 203,500 30,000 830,000 95,000 145,000 140,000 926,246 80,000 --2,692,541 13,212 48,270 1,728,098 115,000 18,405 61,363 18,000 16,200 30,000 440,891 25,502 175,000 2,600 8,100,729

1,267,722 155,490 23,013 110,115 51,592 270,920 268,820 341,822 28,300 17,650 1,847,598 238,583 92,611 70,283 38,309 468,444 153,922 77,932 21,000 6,500 539,975 18,000 122,039 5,032,365 210,351 33,356 28,700 1,357,136 226,901 58,903 86,883 255,790 43,608 947,858 112,325 180,373 184,538 1,156,683 148,960 --3,900,561 13,212 89,717 2,518,199 185,996 73,207 61,363 18,000 16,200 58,544 532,000 57,730 273,793 2,600 12,048,246 Continued--

411,595 United States See footnotes at end of table.

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Economic Research Service/USDA

Table 6--Floriculture and nursery crops: Grower cash receipts, by crop group, region, and State, 1999 --Continued Commercial floriculture in major States 1/ Expanded Year, Potted Bedding Cut floriculture region, Cut flowering Foliage and garden cultivated wholesale and State flowers plants plants plants greens value 2/ 1,000 dollars 1999 Northeast: ----------588,590 Connecticut 1,162 9,217 743 49,642 --67,964 Maine ------------Massachusetts 4,229 9,147 7,418 40,967 --75,936 New Hampshire ------------New Jersey 9,194 25,015 3,258 73,898 --123,295 New York 5,018 34,147 2,257 97,528 --162,905 Pennsylvania 5,313 39,776 3,062 85,304 --158,490 Rhode Island ------------Vermont ------------Midwest: Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska North Dakota Ohio South Dakota Wisconsin South: Alabama Arkansas Delaware Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West Virginia West: Alaska Arizona California Colorado Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington Wyoming Other States 5/ --877 ------4,995 6,959 ------3,425 --1,872 --------28,293 ----------2,038 ------------------279,611 10,749 17,461 --------10,338 --23,295 --16,795 --23,027 5,508 10,701 7,148 27,828 13,273 11,757 ----26,430 --10,589 --10,362 ----99,181 8,521 4,485 3,636 6,843 3,787 34,707 2,497 5,442 12,851 50,799 24,136 --------150,806 10,412 16,795 ------16,179 20,764 8,614 10,274 --4,184 758,838 --3,637 2,148 1,459 1,427 2,996 1,298 2,192 ----4,543 --389 --3,124 198 --312,057 2,163 1,294 2,376 --686 7,240 612 903 983 19,458 1,525 ------2,436 93,764 2,039 13,141 ------2,728 --5,544 2,114 --787 511,999 --54,399 21,671 25,257 17,688 175,988 41,016 20,469 ----118,456 --41,575 --63,854 8,534 --105,406 49,711 16,720 11,771 38,145 8,468 78,156 6,121 26,285 25,726 157,468 41,534 ------35,899 234,253 47,206 2,176 ------3,404 37,161 22,105 59,178 ----1,943,139 ----------------------------------100,832 ------------------------------16,443 --266 --------7,986 ------1,148 126,675 789,555 92,950 43,483 42,533 29,184 231,939 70,632 42,034 ----171,485 --65,315 1,492,501 82,172 12,123 --671,329 66,320 28,797 20,663 50,172 14,876 134,441 13,820 40,648 47,062 236,716 73,362 --1,225,914 --43,837 795,607 74,756 60,099 ------26,481 84,215 38,708 102,211 ----4,096,560

Nursery crops

Total floriculture and nursery crops

722,660 98,236 23,430 53,484 52,560 159,080 115,000 174,000 28,870 18,000 1,125,745 150,000 59,500 20,100 10,000 270,000 90,100 36,000 21,000 7,000 375,600 18,900 67,545 3,630,723 140,000 16,000 29,250 743,000 185,000 26,760 48,430 206,010 30,000 840,000 100,000 160,000 147,000 875,673 83,600 --3,044,590 13,478 50,298 2,018,507 110,000 15,626 66,596 15,400 16,500 31,500 499,785 24,500 180,000 2,400 --8,523,718

1,311,250 166,200 23,430 129,420 52,560 282,375 277,905 332,490 28,870 18,000 1,915,300 242,950 102,983 62,633 39,184 501,939 160,732 78,034 21,000 7,000 547,085 18,900 132,860 5,123,224 222,172 28,123 29,250 1,414,329 251,320 55,557 69,093 256,182 44,876 974,441 113,820 200,648 194,062 1,112,389 156,962 --4,270,504 13,478 94,135 2,814,114 184,756 75,725 66,596 15,400 16,500 57,981 584,000 63,208 282,211 2,400 --12,620,278 Continued--

431,624 United States See footnotes at end of table.

Economic Research Service/USDA

Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 * 23

Table 6--Floriculture and nursery crops: Grower cash receipts, by crop group, region, and State, 2000 --Continued Commercial floriculture in major States 1/ Expanded Year, Potted Bedding Cut floriculture region, wholesale Cut flowering Foliage and garden cultivated and State flowers plants plants plants greens value 2/ 1,000 dollars 2000 Northeast: ----------636,564 Connecticut 983 8,863 786 52,671 --72,125 Maine ------------Massachusetts 3,527 9,246 3,644 45,675 --79,546 New Hampshire ------------New Jersey 7,128 28,562 3,822 75,748 --134,256 New York 6,136 37,424 3,701 97,565 --179,883 Pennsylvania 4,454 39,780 2,652 82,410 --170,754 Rhode Island ------------Vermont ------------Midwest: Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska North Dakota Ohio South Dakota Wisconsin South: Alabama Arkansas Delaware Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West Virginia West: Alaska Arizona California Colorado Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington Wyoming Other States 5/ --821 ------7,624 6,442 ------3,220 --1,623 --------28,119 ----------2,775 ------616 ----------288,441 8,156 16,436 --------10,195 --19,624 --13,643 --22,787 6,287 11,645 6,857 32,363 11,221 13,614 ----27,352 --11,048 --8,673 2,059 --86,049 13,717 4,471 2,614 7,261 4,139 34,332 2,637 9,705 8,352 56,841 23,544 ------2,400 172,002 10,378 17,505 ------16,496 29,087 11,040 9,200 ----799,551 --1,993 2,514 2,146 2,942 3,601 1,737 3,783 ----4,537 --477 --2,457 176 --346,946 1,721 1,205 3,293 467 439 8,373 949 2,170 963 20,132 1,029 ------2,385 104,856 779 16,153 ------2,269 370 2,282 2,425 ----560,174 --72,854 25,573 30,199 20,082 188,635 46,019 21,232 ----128,699 --37,208 --41,185 9,496 --103,813 50,678 18,575 10,187 43,812 8,431 77,520 6,678 62,382 32,968 171,665 48,042 ------19,973 287,842 52,626 2,382 ------4,513 39,071 17,220 61,755 ----2,095,384 ----------------------------------100,607 ------------------------------18,008 --255 --------5,828 ------1,470 126,168 896,189 110,291 48,878 50,754 34,306 273,517 77,602 46,426 ----189,250 --65,165 1,650,181 58,555 14,633 --739,807 77,381 30,707 20,922 58,131 14,543 136,177 14,027 85,889 52,373 267,580 79,456 --1,393,651 --27,706 951,532 87,375 66,564 ------27,886 94,183 34,973 103,432 ----4,576,585

Nursery crops

Total floriculture and nursery crops

771,517 98,997 23,900 54,715 53,570 194,466 118,621 179,498 29,400 18,350 915,848 125,913 67,000 20,160 13,400 147,448 91,200 36,500 21,800 7,000 297,182 18,900 69,345 3,657,145 158,000 16,000 31,250 749,300 188,478 28,040 51,336 219,015 30,000 850,000 100,000 171,474 150,000 826,952 87,300 --3,216,579 13,750 49,700 2,164,088 100,000 16,120 69,211 16,000 17,000 23,000 544,367 23,000 177,913 2,430 --8,561,089

1,408,081 171,122 23,900 134,261 53,570 328,722 298,504 350,252 29,400 18,350 1,812,037 236,204 115,878 70,914 47,706 420,965 168,802 82,926 21,800 7,000 486,432 18,900 134,510 5,307,326 216,555 30,633 31,250 1,489,107 265,859 58,747 72,258 277,146 44,543 986,177 114,027 257,363 202,373 1,094,532 166,756 --4,610,230 13,750 77,406 3,115,620 187,375 82,684 69,211 16,000 17,000 50,886 638,550 57,973 281,345 2,430 --13,137,674 Continued--

429,963 United States See footnotes at end of table.

24 * Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003

Economic Research Service/USDA

Table 6--Floriculture and nursery crops: Grower cash receipts, by crop group, region, and State, 2001 --Continued Commercial floriculture in major States 1/ Expanded Year, Potted Bedding Cut floriculture region, Cut flowering Foliage and garden cultivated wholesale and State flowers plants plants plants greens value 2/ 1,000 dollars 2001 Northeast: ----------656,116 Connecticut 990 11,954 1,356 56,952 --80,175 Maine ------------Massachusetts 3,076 9,646 3,450 44,809 --78,083 New Hampshire ------------New Jersey 8,533 28,789 5,552 74,990 --139,003 New York 4,506 40,167 2,466 97,367 --172,934 Pennsylvania 4,587 42,571 3,394 77,246 --185,921 Rhode Island ------------Vermont ------------Midwest: Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska North Dakota Ohio South Dakota Wisconsin South: Alabama Arkansas Delaware Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West Virginia West: Alaska Arizona California Colorado Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington Wyoming Other States --1,127 ------8,119 5,193 ------2,894 --1,915 --------23,611 ----------2,994 ------692 ----------286,755 6,442 15,206 --------10,698 --18,857 --11,908 --26,421 5,300 11,118 7,084 29,447 11,868 10,985 ----26,112 --10,782 --10,004 1,845 --88,448 9,090 4,827 2,538 8,417 3,452 36,273 2,690 8,014 8,363 37,712 23,729 ------1,846 213,163 10,056 18,869 ------17,786 28,409 8,379 8,596 ----824,750 --3,114 2,048 2,328 290 3,531 1,825 3,819 ----6,292 --1,634 --2,044 287 --439,698 1,812 1,691 4,336 371 576 8,673 905 1,122 882 16,637 926 ------2,021 96,613 546 18,381 ------4,732 1,297 4,165 1,776 ----650,590 --75,499 30,470 33,953 21,624 188,216 46,391 25,071 ----135,737 --46,305 --40,938 12,674 --106,303 49,132 19,266 11,882 46,731 9,325 101,753 11,442 67,653 24,266 178,886 47,342 ------23,596 303,108 48,207 2,526 ------5,225 35,475 18,060 58,082 ----2,176,502 ----------------------------------87,836 ------------------------------17,375 --347 --------4,162 ------2,638 112,358 933,296 117,638 52,219 54,375 33,422 280,745 77,539 47,404 ----195,370 --74,584 1,765,716 59,135 17,025 --839,807 69,118 31,503 24,003 61,691 15,427 161,889 18,164 88,703 42,649 257,145 79,457 --1,447,427 --30,430 1,003,795 86,240 69,183 ------32,159 91,617 35,604 98,399 ----4,802,555

Nursery crops

Total floriculture and nursery crops

773,071 102,875 24,400 57,020 54,600 183,146 125,000 177,380 29,950 18,700 1,060,984 150,000 75,000 25,150 13,500 190,000 92,200 37,000 21,800 8,000 356,595 19,900 71,839 3,783,717 162,000 17,000 32,250 765,000 190,000 28,190 48,615 224,745 30,000 790,000 100,000 175,000 151,369 980,448 89,100 --3,308,994 14,165 51,400 2,172,615 120,000 18,476 66,307 16,500 17,000 25,000 590,901 24,000 190,000 2,630 --8,926,766

1,429,187 183,050 24,400 135,103 54,600 322,149 297,934 363,301 29,950 18,700 1,994,280 267,638 127,219 79,525 46,922 470,745 169,739 84,404 21,800 8,000 551,965 19,900 146,423 5,549,433 221,135 34,025 32,250 1,604,807 259,118 59,693 72,618 286,436 45,427 951,889 118,164 263,703 194,018 1,237,593 168,557 --4,756,421 14,165 81,830 3,176,410 206,240 87,659 66,307 16,500 17,000 57,159 682,518 59,604 288,399 2,630 --13,729,321 Continued--

United States 418,103 See footnotes at end of table.

Economic Research Service/USDA

Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 * 25

Table 6--Floriculture and nursery crops: Grower cash receipts, by crop group, region, and State, 2002 --Continued Commercial floriculture in major States 1/ Expanded Year, Potted Bedding Cut floriculture region, Cut flowering Foliage and garden cultivated wholesale and State flowers plants plants plants greens value 2/ 1,000 dollars 2002p Northeast: 672,880 Connecticut 913 11,461 1,728 61,002 --82,748 Maine ------------Massachusetts 4,713 9,224 4,051 45,502 --78,640 New Hampshire ------------New Jersey 8,155 30,826 5,754 80,384 --145,763 New York 5,676 47,114 3,778 104,059 --184,989 Pennsylvania 3,773 42,901 4,242 75,683 --180,740 Rhode Island ------------Vermont ------------Midwest: Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska North Dakota Ohio South Dakota Wisconsin South: Alabama Arkansas Delaware Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West Virginia West: Alaska Arizona California Colorado Hawaii Idaho Montana Nevada New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington Wyoming Other States --879 ------8,298 5,538 --------2,000 --------24,679 ----------3,042 ------------------278,581 5,015 17,648 --------10,127 --17,619 --13,359 --20,638 5,343 10,596 6,805 30,660 12,233 10,967 ----24,367 --11,541 --9,213 2,433 --95,663 8,459 4,618 2,551 8,421 3,207 43,665 2,522 11,540 8,985 36,301 21,176 ------1,885 197,940 9,380 21,767 ------17,597 19,547 12,274 8,614 ------2,220 1,325 2,311 226 3,644 1,670 3,330 ----6,248 --1,483 --1,605 735 --459,693 3,308 1,806 4,832 191 1,041 6,353 741 1,417 825 18,032 1,316 ------2,194 90,412 520 14,250 ------4,296 2,031 3,963 1,481 ------70,276 30,410 30,853 20,622 210,627 48,201 24,292 ----134,610 --47,410 --48,094 9,462 --120,716 50,621 21,759 12,467 60,276 9,259 97,512 11,969 79,444 23,459 197,061 50,961 ------24,207 301,383 55,237 3,495 ------4,708 37,867 20,347 59,459 --------------------------------------86,345 ------------------2,669 ----------17,052 --490 --------3,730 ------658 938,688 104,581 49,413 50,328 31,798 313,918 78,276 45,754 ----189,505 --75,115 1,851,728 66,234 14,446 --876,993 70,541 32,865 24,271 73,414 15,624 160,770 18,220 103,712 41,257 274,162 79,219 --1,415,671 --31,044 961,859 89,636 71,009 ------30,746 88,878 38,966 103,533 -----

Nursery crops

Total floriculture and nursery crops

788,832 102,875 24,400 57,020 54,600 191,677 130,000 179,610 29,950 18,700 1,072,775 150,000 83,000 25,150 13,500 190,000 93,200 37,500 21,800 8,500 356,595 21,830 71,700 3,779,234 177,000 18,000 33,250 750,000 190,000 30,241 48,255 230,455 30,000 680,000 105,000 177,500 152,759 1,066,774 90,000 --3,275,763 14,920 55,300 2,100,000 122,000 19,000 68,000 17,000 15,600 30,000 613,313 23,000 195,000 2,630 ---

1,461,712 185,623 24,400 135,660 54,600 337,440 314,989 360,350 29,950 18,700 2,011,463 254,581 132,413 75,478 45,298 503,918 171,476 83,254 21,800 8,500 546,100 21,830 146,815 5,630,962 243,234 32,446 33,250 1,626,993 260,541 63,106 72,526 303,869 45,624 840,770 123,220 281,212 194,016 1,340,936 169,219 --4,691,434 14,920 86,344 3,061,859 211,636 90,009 68,000 17,000 15,600 60,746 702,191 61,966 298,533 2,630 --13,795,571

United States 410,015 822,434 663,052 2,283,694 110,944 4,878,967 8,916,604 - - - = Not available; p = preliminary. 1/ Sales of growers with $100,000 or more in annual floriculture sales. Undisclosed State sales are summed in "Other States". 2/ Estimated sales of growers with $10,000 or more in floriculture sales per year. Sources: Floriculture Crops, NASS; ERS.

26 * Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003

Economic Research Service/USDA

Table 7--Floriculture crops: Value of sales at wholesale, by crop group, 1985 to date 1/ Potted Year Cut flowers flowering plants Foliage plants Total Annual 2/ 1,000 dollars 1985 371,509 291,334 468,495 487,289 460,736 26,553 66,733 --1986 359,826 388,727 521,374 560,126 536,772 23,354 76,884 --1987 439,473 511,169 515,332 739,004 706,634 32,370 88,471 --1988 457,854 507,731 481,631 755,261 723,867 31,394 90,761 --1989 482,531 538,227 488,851 896,536 857,767 38,769 98,851 --1990 467,720 550,176 474,930 829,103 788,855 40,248 106,584 --1991 471,556 569,163 447,567 942,449 898,415 44,034 110,039 --1992 458,455 645,989 427,009 1,118,171 1,066,505 51,666 111,524 --1993 423,911 683,346 417,049 1,170,011 1,114,266 55,745 115,979 --1994 442,297 662,490 489,306 1,280,087 1,222,164 57,923 119,247 --1995 423,630 681,107 498,969 1,356,967 1,291,966 65,001 113,124 --1996 412,700 684,340 508,947 1,428,133 1,359,055 69,078 118,185 --1997 471,569 722,869 499,964 1,746,959 1,668,643 78,316 116,184 --1998 411,595 736,837 502,501 1,872,610 1,778,823 93,787 117,689 --1999 431,624 758,838 511,999 1,943,139 1,839,575 103,564 126,675 --2000 429,963 799,599 560,192 2,095,420 1,661,427 433,993 126,168 242,638 2001 424,256 831,899 585,324 2,176,502 1,680,770 495,732 112,358 313,922 2002 425,315 833,976 586,785 2,283,694 1,712,768 570,926 110,944 332,058 - - - = Not available. Sales data through 1991 are from growers in 28 surveyed States only. Sales in 2002 are preliminary. 1/ Sales of growers with $100,000 or more of annual floriculture sales at wholesale; growers are in the 36 surveyed States. 2/ Calculated as the difference between total bedding and garden plant sales and herbaceous perennial sales, through 1999. 3/ Equals sales of potted hardy and garden chrysanthemums through 1999. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS. 1,685,360 1,906,937 2,293,449 2,293,238 2,504,996 2,511,028 2,658,555 2,874,734 2,810,296 2,993,427 3,073,797 3,152,305 3,557,545 3,641,232 3,772,275 4,253,980 4,496,225 4,622,197 Bedding and garden plants Herbaceous perennial 3/ Cut cultivated greens Propagative materials Total floriculture sales 1/

Table 8--Floriculture crops: Value of production, imports, exports, and consumption, 1989 to date Production and trade Year 1/ Domestic production 2/ Imports Supply Exports 41,382 102,053 108,614 101,609 98,277 100,224 103,088 113,851 136,748 135,306 143,508 134,869 119,942 111,469 Total 1,000 dollars 2,831,975 2,930,310 3,067,943 3,342,853 3,436,883 3,655,706 3,844,614 3,990,140 4,499,381 4,605,577 4,753,420 5,295,052 5,521,462 5,602,964 1,000 dollars 1989 2,504,996 368,361 2,873,357 1990 2,652,007 380,356 3,032,363 1991 2,795,438 381,118 3,176,556 1992 3,022,388 422,074 3,444,462 1993 3,073,126 462,033 3,535,159 1994 3,246,912 509,018 3,755,930 1995 3,328,632 619,070 3,947,702 1996 3,407,320 696,671 4,103,991 1997 3,896,050 740,080 4,636,130 1998 3,947,517 793,366 4,740,883 1999 4,096,560 800,368 4,896,928 2000 4,576,585 853,336 5,429,921 2001 4,802,555 838,849 5,641,404 2002 4,878,967 835,466 5,714,433 1/ Sales and trade data in 2002 are preliminary. Domestic consumption 3/ Per household Dollars 31 32 33 35 36 38 39 40 45 46 46 50 52 52 Per capita Dollars 11 12 12 13 13 14 14 15 17 17 17 19 19 19 Import share Percent 13.0 13.0 12.4 12.6 13.4 13.9 16.1 17.5 16.4 17.2 16.8 16.1 15.2 14.9

2/ Expanded wholesale value of sales of growers with at least $10,000 in annual floriculture sales; 36 surveyed States. 3/ Domestic consumption equals supply minus exports. Supply equals domestic production plus imports. Sources: Floriculture Crops, NASS; FATUS, ERS; U.S. Bureau of Census.

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Table 9--Floriculture crops: Expanded wholesale value of production, all growers, by State, 1993 to date 1/ State 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p

1,000 dollars Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming 55,986 --21,354 11,936 639,404 58,515 40,881 --542,655 44,933 48,893 --68,314 43,691 33,458 22,420 22,357 20,913 --34,217 54,436 145,574 50,052 9,349 38,014 --------81,200 19,181 127,806 85,113 --148,982 15,356 60,042 105,885 --15,745 --30,396 181,171 23,499 --47,820 68,765 --54,813 --49,717 --22,796 12,348 701,448 54,950 41,542 --600,986 47,540 46,281 --79,432 43,190 36,977 24,246 21,986 19,284 --31,753 53,940 168,385 51,414 7,031 37,613 --------90,998 23,232 125,237 81,222 --155,338 15,977 66,135 108,315 --21,998 --31,629 174,733 24,795 --51,670 68,496 --54,278 --49,162 --12,061 9,167 690,928 63,818 46,251 --629,773 54,250 45,213 --70,506 36,387 39,401 24,909 21,679 17,034 --32,321 72,422 184,625 54,578 9,536 36,483 --------96,898 21,062 126,192 82,112 --155,499 13,932 67,283 114,680 --25,060 --34,545 179,934 28,305 --52,287 73,187 --57,152 --56,434 --22,787 9,754 671,070 67,726 49,473 --676,727 55,061 50,687 --68,572 34,836 39,743 22,372 21,462 20,071 --30,909 69,810 185,253 54,322 10,750 34,865 --------94,685 21,208 108,623 95,804 --154,718 13,106 73,958 131,587 --25,478 --35,184 183,852 26,486 --61,014 71,452 --57,481 --72,942 --32,235 17,738 792,321 71,290 59,939 --656,234 60,828 51,993 --105,200 41,445 42,308 27,134 28,543 21,807 --37,002 75,367 211,384 65,889 19,968 42,173 --------120,100 25,779 147,494 114,524 --177,073 16,071 88,732 148,781 --39,065 --45,683 181,254 28,190 --70,835 92,620 --66,109 --75,351 --41,447 17,356 790,101 70,996 64,926 --629,136 61,901 54,802 --88,583 40,611 50,273 28,309 26,903 21,031 --52,290 70,133 228,444 65,672 13,608 41,932 --------120,391 28,544 158,820 117,858 --168,275 17,325 91,109 139,822 --35,373 --44,538 230,437 32,228 --68,960 98,793 --61,239 --82,172 --43,837 12,123 795,607 74,756 67,964 --671,329 66,320 60,099 --92,950 43,483 42,533 29,184 28,797 20,663 --50,172 75,936 231,939 70,632 14,876 42,034 --------123,295 26,481 162,905 134,441 --171,485 13,820 84,215 158,490 --40,648 --47,062 236,716 38,708 --73,362 102,211 --65,315 --58,555 59,135 ----27,706 30,430 14,633 17,025 951,532 1,003,795 87,375 86,240 72,125 80,175 ----739,807 839,807 77,381 69,118 66,564 --110,291 48,878 50,754 34,306 30,707 20,922 --58,131 79,546 273,517 77,602 14,543 46,426 --------134,256 27,886 179,883 136,177 --189,250 14,027 94,183 170,754 --85,889 --52,373 267,580 34,973 --79,456 103,432 --65,165 --69,183 --117,638 52,219 54,375 33,422 31,503 24,003 --61,691 78,083 280,745 77,539 15,427 47,404 --------139,003 32,159 172,934 161,889 --195,370 18,164 91,617 185,921 --88,703 --42,649 257,145 35,604 --79,457 98,399 --74,584 --66,234 --31,044 14,446 961,859 89,636 82,748 --876,993 70,541 71,009 --104,581 49,413 50,328 31,798 32,865 24,271 --73,414 78,640 313,918 78,276 15,624 45,754 --------145,763 30,746 184,989 160,770 --189,505 18,220 88,878 180,740 --103,712 --41,257 274,162 38,966 --79,219 103,533 --75,115 ---

Total 3,073,126 3,246,912 3,328,632 3,407,320 3,896,050 3,947,517 4,096,560 4,576,585 4,802,555 4,878,967 - - - = Not available; p = preliminary. 1/ Expanded wholesale value of sales includes growers with at least $10,000 in annual floriculture sales, which include cut flowers, cut cultivated greens, potted flowering plants, potted foliage plants, and bedding and garden plants. Floriculture data are from 36 surveyed States. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Table 10--Floriculture crops: Total wholesale value of crops sold by large growers, by State, 1993 to date 1/ State 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 1,000 dollars Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Other States 51,216 --20,334 9,146 623,129 55,770 33,006 --520,725 38,918 40,358 --59,464 36,716 28,313 20,620 17,227 17,883 --30,242 39,871 132,824 44,052 8,134 32,524 --------71,615 18,041 111,666 80,118 --135,857 12,311 54,582 84,735 --12,670 --25,266 169,066 20,769 --42,810 63,650 --46,668 --0 45,382 --21,956 9,168 685,638 51,500 34,177 --582,821 41,330 37,131 --71,332 35,780 32,282 22,371 17,876 16,584 --28,138 40,845 156,025 45,279 5,891 31,013 --------81,158 21,927 109,757 76,362 --141,928 12,227 60,570 86,895 --17,858 --26,514 166,678 22,260 --47,455 62,856 --46,463 --0 44,632 --11,341 6,947 673,348 59,558 38,556 --612,223 48,655 35,478 --62,646 28,227 35,321 23,334 17,269 14,589 --28,766 57,797 171,320 47,468 7,436 31,023 --------87,193 19,667 110,232 77,087 --143,304 10,542 61,778 94,460 --21,535 --30,375 170,394 26,205 --47,982 68,177 --48,932 --0 52,564 --22,337 7,549 651,555 63,391 42,693 --658,997 50,171 41,252 --61,462 26,946 34,733 20,752 16,977 17,581 --27,939 56,760 172,803 48,082 8,485 29,705 --------85,565 19,963 93,008 89,474 --140,513 9,956 68,198 107,032 --22,793 --30,399 176,277 24,146 --56,709 66,112 --49,426 --0 68,577 --31,170 15,668 767,166 66,115 52,154 --627,809 54,168 41,853 --94,640 30,780 37,493 24,389 23,278 18,582 --33,867 59,977 195,229 57,099 16,638 34,943 --------107,065 24,099 122,114 102,404 --157,273 11,391 80,467 123,146 --36,365 --39,203 171,594 25,985 --64,475 84,685 --55,684 --0 70,971 --40,502 15,196 766,836 66,721 57,501 --605,706 56,021 44,182 --80,183 30,561 46,088 25,774 21,593 18,241 --47,415 57,203 211,509 57,977 11,568 34,177 --------108,796 27,434 137,010 108,018 --151,220 13,680 84,164 117,517 --31,398 --39,333 221,332 29,693 --62,960 91,668 --51,084 --0 77,340 --38,167 8,732 774,877 70,406 60,764 --645,769 60,395 49,802 --81,940 29,327 37,417 26,263 22,499 17,783 --44,988 61,761 211,807 62,546 12,941 34,418 --------111,365 22,311 138,950 122,141 --152,854 9,230 76,249 133,455 --32,630 --39,560 227,725 36,263 --67,195 94,861 --54,425 --23,119

2000 52,333 --24,786 11,731 931,267 71,939 63,309 --716,407 71,782 55,344 --101,756 36,373 43,990 29,973 24,243 16,098 --53,477 64,184 254,953 65,419 13,009 38,629 --------115,260 23,278 156,678 125,687 --168,501 10,264 87,748 144,684 --74,257 --42,287 255,868 30,542 --72,654 97,357 --50,365 --57,548

2001 52,986 --26,460 13,223 985,795 65,251 72,300 --818,702 64,182 58,008 --108,938 40,929 47,399 29,224 25,784 20,275 --55,519 63,081 263,158 65,277 13,353 39,875 --------129,384 27,743 150,499 152,514 --176,005 15,037 80,041 158,920 --76,789 --33,511 246,764 30,604 --71,997 92,474 --60,636 --63,588

2002p 58,912 --27,364 12,630 948,629 70,152 75,533 --860,148 65,878 61,187 --97,624 40,013 43,760 27,653 28,183 21,222 --68,888 66,053 298,588 67,642 13,507 38,589 --------137,934 26,601 167,424 153,374 --170,842 15,232 82,638 156,134 --92,401 --33,269 267,184 36,584 --73,453 98,908 --62,434 --55,630

Total 2,810,296 2,993,427 3,073,797 3,152,305 3,557,545 3,641,232 3,772,275 4,253,980 4,496,225 4,622,197 - - - = Not available; p = preliminary. 1/ Wholesale value of sales of growers with at least $100,000 in annual floriculture sales, which include cut flowers, cut cultivated greens, potted flowering plants, potted foliage plants, and bedding and garden plants. Floriculture data are from 36 surveyed States. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Table 11--Floriculture crops: Wholesale value of sales of small growers, by State, 1993 to date 1/ State 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1,000 dollars Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming 4,770 --1,020 2,790 16,275 2,745 7,875 --21,930 6,015 8,535 --8,850 6,975 5,145 1,800 5,130 3,030 --3,975 14,565 12,750 6,000 1,215 5,490 --------9,585 1,140 16,140 4,995 --13,125 3,045 5,460 21,150 --3,075 --5,130 12,105 2,730 --5,010 5,115 --8,145 --4,335 --840 3,180 15,810 3,450 7,365 --18,165 6,210 9,150 --8,100 7,410 4,695 1,875 4,110 2,700 --3,615 13,095 12,360 6,135 1,140 6,600 --------9,840 1,305 15,480 4,860 --13,410 3,750 5,565 21,420 --4,140 --5,115 8,055 2,535 --4,215 5,640 --7,815 --4,530 --720 2,220 17,580 4,260 7,695 --17,550 5,595 9,735 --7,860 8,160 4,080 1,575 4,410 2,445 --3,555 14,625 13,305 7,110 2,100 5,460 --------9,705 1,395 15,960 5,025 --12,195 3,390 5,505 20,220 --3,525 --4,170 9,540 2,100 --4,305 5,010 --8,220 --3,870 --450 2,205 19,515 4,335 6,780 --17,730 4,890 9,435 --7,110 7,890 5,010 1,620 4,485 2,490 --2,970 13,050 12,450 6,240 2,265 5,160 --------9,120 1,245 15,615 6,330 --14,205 3,150 5,760 24,555 --2,685 --4,785 7,575 2,340 --4,305 5,340 --8,055 --4,365 --1,065 2,070 25,155 5,175 7,785 --28,425 6,660 10,140 --10,560 10,665 4,815 2,745 5,265 3,225 --3,135 15,390 16,155 8,790 3,330 7,230 --------13,035 1,680 25,380 12,120 --19,800 4,680 8,265 25,635 --2,700 --6,480 9,660 2,205 --6,360 7,935 --10,425 --4,380 --945 2,160 23,265 4,275 7,425 --23,430 5,880 10,620 --8,400 10,050 4,185 2,535 5,310 2,790 --4,875 12,930 16,935 7,695 2,040 7,755 --------11,595 1,110 21,810 9,840 --17,055 3,645 6,945 22,305 --3,975 --5,205 9,105 2,535 --6,000 7,125 --10,155 ---

1999 4,832 --5,670 3,391 20,730 4,350 7,200 --25,560 5,925 10,297 --11,010 14,156 5,116 2,921 6,298 2,880 --5,184 14,175 20,132 8,086 1,935 7,616 --------11,930 4,170 23,955 12,300 --18,631 4,590 7,966 25,035 --8,018 --7,502 8,991 2,445 --6,167 7,350 --10,890 ---

2000 6,222 --2,920 2,902 20,265 15,436 8,816 --23,400 5,599 11,220 --8,535 12,505 6,764 4,333 6,464 4,824 --4,654 15,362 18,564 12,183 1,534 7,797 --------18,996 4,608 23,205 10,490 --20,749 3,763 6,435 26,070 --11,632 --10,086 11,712 4,431 --6,802 6,075 --14,800 ---

2001 6,149 --3,970 3,802 18,000 20,989 7,875 --21,105 4,936 11,175 --8,700 11,290 6,976 4,198 5,719 3,728 --6,172 15,002 17,587 12,262 2,074 7,529 --------9,619 4,416 22,435 9,375 --19,365 3,127 11,576 27,001 --11,914 --9,138 10,381 5,000 --7,460 5,925 --13,948 ---

2002p 7,322 --3,680 1,816 13,230 19,484 7,215 --16,845 4,663 9,822 --6,957 9,400 6,568 4,145 4,682 3,049 --4,526 12,587 15,330 10,634 2,117 7,165 --------7,829 4,145 17,565 7,396 --18,663 2,988 6,240 24,606 --11,311 --7,988 6,978 2,382 --5,766 4,625 --12,681 ---

Total 2/ 262,830 253,485 254,835 255,015 338,505 306,285 324,285 322,605 306,330 256,770 - - - = Not available; p = preliminary. 1/ Wholesale value of sales of growers with at least $10,000 and at most $99,999 in annual floriculture sales, calculated by subtracting table 10 values from table 9 values. Sales include cut flowers, cut cultivated greens, potted flowering plants, potted foliage plants, and bedding and garden plants. Floriculture data are from the 36 surveyed States. 2/ The sum of the states' sales does not equal the total from 1999 to 2002 because sales in "Other States" in table 10 are not accounted for. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Table 12--Floriculture crops: Number of growers, by type of plants produced, 1992 to date 1/ Potted Bedding/ Cut Cut flowering Foliage garden cultivated Year flowers plants plants greens -- Number --

Herbaceous perennials

Propagative materials N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. 578 657 694

1992 932 2,537 2,106 3,132 244 N.A. 1993 860 2,577 2,039 3,207 241 N.A. 1994 824 2,594 1,766 3,214 223 N.A. 1995 798 2,646 1,644 3,247 234 N.A. 1996 763 2,710 1,621 3,279 234 N.A. 1997 829 2,713 1,746 3,677 287 N.A. 1998 690 2,538 1,536 3,711 282 N.A. 1999 656 2,356 1,531 3,452 237 N.A. 2000 667 2,430 1,579 3,247 254 2,304 2001 625 2,379 1,562 3,191 218 2,387 2002 p 586 2,282 1,549 3,098 233 2,402 N.A. = Not available; p = preliminary. 1/ Includes only growers with annual floriculture sales of $100,000 or more; 36 surveyed States. Since some growers produce more than one type of crop, the sum of growers by type of crop may exceed the actual number. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS. Table 13--Floriculture crops: Number of growers, by gross value of sales, 1992 to date $10,000$20,000$40,000$50,000Year $19,999 $39,999 $49,999 $99,999 -- Number -1992 1,209 1993 1,470 1994 1,364 1995 1,210 1996 1,157 1997 1,711 1998 1,686 1999 1,432 2000 1,425 2001 1,308 2002 p 900 p = Preliminary. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS. 1,773 1,486 1,437 1,416 1,292 2,038 2,209 1,695 1,678 1,529 1,540 787 765 747 714 715 920 755 864 812 724 756 2,060 2,157 2,084 2,161 2,223 2,804 2,410 2,841 2,858 2,782 2,408

$100,000$499,999 3,055 3,044 3,020 2,996 2,972 3,415 3,643 3,194 3,126 3,048 2,954

$500,000 or more 1,511 1,541 1,611 1,661 1,711 1,829 1,556 1,599 1,725 1,690 1,658

Total 10,395 10,463 10,263 10,158 10,070 12,717 12,259 11,625 11,624 11,081 10,216

Table 14--Floriculture crops: Average number of hired workers, by gross value of sales, 1992 to date $10,000$20,000$40,000$50,000$100,000Year $19,999 $39,999 $49,999 $99,999 $499,999 -- Number --

$500,000 or more

Total 13.0 13.6 13.4 13.8 13.5 13.0 13.8 13.6 14.4 14.6 15.3

1992 3.7 4.3 4.9 5.9 10.1 42.0 1993 4.4 4.3 5.0 5.9 10.6 44.6 1994 3.3 3.9 3.9 5.2 9.9 43.6 1995 3.0 3.5 3.8 5.0 9.2 43.2 1996 3.0 3.6 3.9 6.1 9.0 42.7 1997 3.4 3.8 4.2 5.1 10.1 43.9 1998 3.6 3.9 4.2 6.1 10.8 53.0 1999 3.1 3.5 3.8 5.2 10.2 50.0 2000 2.9 3.3 3.9 4.9 9.4 50.4 2001 2.8 3.4 3.4 4.8 9.1 50.5 2002 p 3.0 3.3 4.3 4.9 8.9 51.5 p = Preliminary. 1/ Includes only growers with annual floriculture sales of $100,000 or more; 36 surveyed States. Since some growers produce more than one type of crop, the sum of growers by type of crop may exceed the actual number. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Table 15--Floriculture crops: Growers and growing area by type of cover, all operations, 1985 to date 1/ Fiberglass, Film Total Shade and Total Year Growers Glass other rigid plastic greenhouse temporary covered greenhouses greenhouses greenhouses cover cover area Number --1,000 square feet-1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p --7,125 8,778 8,782 8,787 9,259 9,313 10,395 10,463 10,263 10,158 10,070 12,717 12,259 11,625 11,624 11,081 10,216 Number 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p --7,125 8,778 8,782 8,787 9,259 9,313 10,395 10,463 10,263 10,158 10,070 12,717 12,259 11,625 11,624 11,081 10,216 ----2,009 1,813 1,775 1,800 1,758 1,847 1,845 1,745 1,612 1,614 1,703 1,694 1,593 1,652 1,732 1,722 --4,134 2,584 2,572 2,405 2,304 2,312 2,605 2,860 2,534 2,523 2,359 2,441 2,249 2,167 2,219 2,126 2,020 --3,626 4,602 4,942 5,032 5,215 5,470 6,049 6,080 6,386 7,076 6,742 8,179 8,851 8,460 8,461 8,344 8,458 ----87,511 78,992 77,326 78,406 76,573 80,438 80,362 76,013 70,199 70,286 74,193 73,795 69,385 71,940 75,458 75,026 --180,081 112,544 112,022 104,779 100,364 100,689 113,475 124,598 110,378 109,897 102,747 106,346 97,949 94,406 96,643 92,608 88,001 --157,931 200,450 215,262 219,215 227,152 238,261 263,481 264,855 278,185 308,220 293,675 356,270 385,530 368,527 368,546 363,448 368,421 316,683 338,012 400,505 406,276 401,320 405,922 415,503 457,394 469,815 464,576 488,316 466,708 536,809 557,274 532,318 537,129 531,514 531,448 --Acres-7,270 7,760 9,194 9,327 9,213 9,319 9,539 10,500 10,785 10,665 11,210 10,714 12,323 12,793 12,220 12,331 12,202 12,200 5,589 6,437 6,799 7,338 7,238 7,211 7,804 8,021 7,790 8,001 8,159 8,603 9,033 8,949 9,001 9,033 8,960 8,724 12,859 14,196 15,994 16,665 16,451 16,530 17,343 18,522 18,576 18,666 19,370 19,317 21,356 21,742 21,221 21,364 21,162 20,925 243,440 280,380 296,172 319,635 315,291 314,121 339,944 349,408 339,345 348,530 355,422 374,738 393,462 389,828 392,067 393,485 390,293 380,035 560,123 618,392 696,677 725,911 716,611 720,043 755,448 806,802 809,160 813,106 843,738 841,446 930,271 947,102 924,385 930,614 921,807 911,483

Open ground

Total covered and open ground area

747,446 802,637 1,068,832 1,113,132 1,123,500 1,138,266 1,212,362 1,269,338 1,254,223 1,178,472 1,294,908 1,266,768 1,546,685 2,036,996 1,523,163 1,611,807 1,550,910 1,607,625

1,307,569 1,421,029 1,765,509 1,839,043 1,840,111 1,858,309 1,967,810 2,076,140 2,063,383 1,991,578 2,138,646 2,108,214 2,476,956 2,984,098 2,447,548 2,542,421 2,472,717 2,519,108

17,159 18,426 24,537 25,554 25,792 26,131 27,832 29,140 28,793 27,054 29,727 29,081 35,507 38,507 34,967 37,002 35,604 36,906

30,018 32,622 40,531 42,219 42,243 42,661 45,175 47,662 47,369 45,720 49,097 48,398 56,863 68,505 56,188 58,366 56,766 57,831

- - - = Not available; p = preliminary. 1/ Includes production area in the 36 surveyed States (starting in 1992) for cut flowers, potted flowering plants, foliage plants, bedding plants, cut cultivated greens, and hanging baskets. Excludes mushrooms, greenhouse vegetables, bulbs, seeds, groundcovers, sod, and other nursery products. The 36 surveyed States are listed in table 17. Includes growers with $10,000+ in annual floriculture sales. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Economic Research Service/USDA

Table 16--Floriculture crops: Growers and growing area by type of cover and sales size, 1993 to date 1/ Glass Fiberglass, Film Total Shade and Total Year Growers greenhouses other rigid plastic greenhouse temporary covered greenhouses greenhouses cover cover area Number --1,000 square feet-Operations less than $100,000 in sales: 1993 5,878 7,519 1994 5,632 7,179 1995 5,501 6,522 1996 5,387 6,135 1997 7,473 8,661 1998 7,060 7,701 1999 6,832 6,725 2000 6,773 5,763 2001 6,343 5,244 2002 p 5,604 5,074

Total covered and open ground area ------------Acres-----------

Open ground

15,907 13,346 13,177 12,980 14,194 12,691 12,790 10,620 9,759 8,594

45,083 48,234 44,127 44,940 62,272 68,991 60,490 57,398 54,442 52,269

68,509 68,759 63,826 64,055 85,127 89,383 80,005 73,781 69,445 65,937

27,528 30,160 34,774 34,938 41,026 36,488 33,296 32,113 31,330 26,271

96,037 98,919 98,600 98,993 126,153 125,871 113,301 105,894 100,775 92,208

5,227 4,893 4,977 5,157 7,308 6,834 7,182 6,754 6,556 6,249

7,432 7,164 7,241 7,430 10,204 9,724 9,783 9,185 8,869 8,366

Operations of $100,000 or more in sales: 1993 4,585 72,843 108,691 1994 4,631 68,834 97,032 1995 4,657 63,677 96,720 1996 4,683 64,151 89,767 1997 5,244 65,532 92,152 1998 5,199 66,094 85,258 1999 4,793 62,660 81,616 2000 4,851 66,177 86,023 2001 4,738 70,214 82,849 2002 p 4,612 69,952 79,407 All operations: 1993 10,463 1994 10,263 1995 10,158 1996 10,070 1997 12,717 1998 12,259 1999 11,625 2000 11,624 2001 11,081 2002 p 10,216

219,772 229,951 264,093 248,735 293,998 316,539 308,037 311,148 309,006 316,152

401,306 395,817 424,490 402,653 451,682 467,891 452,313 463,348 462,069 465,511

311,817 318,370 320,648 339,800 352,436 353,340 358,771 361,372 358,963 353,764

713,123 714,187 745,138 742,453 804,118 821,231 811,084 824,720 821,032 819,275

23,566 22,161 24,750 23,924 28,199 31,673 27,785 30,248 29,048 30,657

39,937 38,556 41,856 40,968 46,659 50,526 46,405 49,181 47,896 49,465

80,362 76,013 70,199 70,286 74,193 73,795 69,385 71,940 75,458 75,026

124,598 110,378 109,897 102,747 106,346 97,949 94,406 96,643 92,608 88,001

264,855 278,185 308,220 293,675 356,270 385,530 368,527 368,546 363,448 368,421

469,815 464,576 488,316 466,708 536,809 557,274 532,318 537,129 531,514 531,448

339,345 348,530 355,422 374,738 393,462 389,828 392,067 393,485 390,293 380,035

809,160 813,106 843,738 841,446 930,271 947,102 924,385 930,614 921,807 911,483

28,793 27,054 29,727 29,081 35,507 38,507 34,967 37,002 35,604 36,906

47,369 45,720 49,097 48,398 56,863 60,249 56,188 58,366 56,766 57,831

p = Preliminary. Survey data are from growers located in 36 surveyed States. 1/ Includes cut flowers, potted flowering plants, foliage plants, bedding plants, cut cultivated greens, and hanging baskets. Excludes bulbs, seeds, mushrooms, greenhouse vegetables, groundcovers, sod, and other related products; data not available before 1993. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

Economic Research Service/USDA

Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 * 33

Table 17--Floriculture crops: Growers and growing area by type of cover, by region and State, 1993 1/ Year, Fiberglass Film plastic Total Shade and region, Total Glass & other rigid (single / multi) greenhouse temporary and State 2/ growers greenhouses greenhouses greenhouses cover cover Number --1,000 square feet-1993 Northeast: 2,355 17,825 6,767 40,382 64,974 835 Connecticut 250 1,290 497 4,029 5,816 145 Massachusetts 438 2,188 1,549 5,461 9,198 71 New Jersey 363 3,485 751 7,611 11,847 75 New York 578 5,828 1,468 11,808 19,104 313 Pennsylvania 726 5,034 2,502 11,473 19,009 231 Midwest: Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Ohio Wisconsin South: Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West: Arizona California Colorado Hawaii New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington 2,706 298 246 198 77 540 213 177 590 367 3,426 205 84 1,096 229 174 111 153 59 185 116 97 188 508 221 1,976 38 938 129 325 48 212 87 199 24,329 3,014 2,428 621 74 4,380 812 699 10,459 1,842 13,862 364 42 4,039 583 764 373 1,138 123 1,463 137 945 973 1,933 985 24,346 3 20,500 350 29 178 1,295 123 1,868 80,362 13,313 1,386 1,380 1,134 499 2,750 1,631 662 2,343 1,528 32,495 473 87 19,288 1,254 578 867 800 161 305 597 699 279 6,749 358 72,023 120 53,000 8,200 3,850 1,377 3,157 1,526 793 124,598 63,151 5,124 3,727 2,738 2,892 21,000 5,269 4,196 13,416 4,789 97,251 7,303 2,199 32,942 5,161 2,758 1,722 2,613 2,676 9,290 1,754 1,808 4,057 18,706 4,262 64,071 1,370 46,500 1,555 1,040 1,758 5,522 1,720 4,606 264,855 100,793 9,524 7,535 4,493 3,465 28,130 7,712 5,557 26,218 8,159 143,608 8,140 2,328 56,269 6,998 4,100 2,962 4,551 2,960 11,058 2,488 3,452 5,309 27,388 5,605 160,440 1,493 120,000 10,105 4,919 3,313 9,974 3,369 7,267 469,815 1,740 202 129 79 31 470 124 198 253 254 300,022 125 15 291,577 253 99 175 220 48 439 202 90 153 5,714 912 36,748 910 17,500 150 16,920 37 901 165 165 339,345

Total covered area

Covered area per grower

Open ground Acres 2,728 196 238 1,467 379 448 3,041 357 136 48 24 1,830 106 37 243 260 10,836 96 5 9,072 98 44 95 191 86 393 43 59 70 333 251 12,188 272 8,500 42 900 19 1,180 46 1,229 28,793

Total production area Acres 4,239 333 451 1,741 825 890 5,395 580 312 153 104 2,487 286 169 851 453 21,020 286 59 17,057 264 140 167 301 155 657 105 140 195 1,093 401 16,715 327 11,657 277 1,401 96 1,430 127 1,400 47,369

Sales per acre Dollars 96,775 122,823 120,758 46,648 154,963 119,013 112,203 117,726 140,062 218,739 215,045 58,544 175,074 224,780 175,131 120,964 53,184 195,935 203,035 31,813 169,905 159,243 125,216 113,857 60,295 129,561 146,591 112,213 155,566 165,768 119,368 56,217 65,270 54,854 210,924 34,890 199,999 41,998 184,843 49,131 64,877 Continued--

65,809 5,961 9,269 11,922 19,417 19,240 102,533 9,726 7,664 4,572 3,496 28,600 7,836 5,755 26,471 8,413 443,630 8,265 2,343 347,846 7,251 4,199 3,137 4,771 3,008 11,497 2,690 3,542 5,462 33,102 6,517 197,188 2,403 137,500 10,255 21,839 3,350 10,875 3,534 7,432 809,160

28 24 21 33 34 27 38 33 31 23 45 53 37 33 45 23 129 40 28 317 32 24 28 31 51 62 23 37 29 65 29 100 63 147 79 67 70 51 41 37 77

Total 10,463 See footnotes at end of table.

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Economic Research Service/USDA

Table 17--Floriculture crops: Growers and growing area by type of cover, by region and State, 1994 1/ --Continued Year, Fiberglass Film plastic Total Shade and Total region, Total Glass & other rigid (single / multi) greenhouse temporary covered and State 2/ growers greenhouses greenhouses greenhouses cover cover area Number --1,000 square feet-1994 Northeast: 2,266 17,799 5,972 40,997 64,768 817 65,585 Connecticut 230 1,310 352 4,053 5,715 90 5,805 Massachusetts 382 2,059 1,325 4,984 8,368 113 8,481 New Jersey 358 3,724 613 7,855 12,192 76 12,268 New York 573 5,457 1,192 13,082 19,731 307 20,038 Pennsylvania 723 5,249 2,490 11,023 18,762 231 18,993 Midwest: Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Ohio Wisconsin South: Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West: Arizona California Colorado Hawaii New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington 2,675 282 252 199 75 540 219 191 567 350 3,221 187 95 1,057 221 161 108 144 49 182 128 127 181 377 204 1,975 36 911 140 329 50 215 96 198 23,722 2,746 2,144 641 45 4,450 747 718 10,560 1,671 13,898 462 25 5,478 308 555 365 1,254 118 1,411 194 619 967 1,098 1,044 20,686 3 16,600 385 22 331 1,466 71 1,808 76,105 12,703 1,282 1,033 1,251 422 3,300 1,576 656 1,686 1,497 25,693 727 91 13,151 1,135 490 830 610 120 357 688 619 259 6,393 223 65,254 80 46,200 8,050 3,470 2,101 2,631 1,622 1,100 109,622 67,191 5,464 4,615 2,860 2,859 22,000 5,816 4,395 14,126 5,056 98,069 7,081 2,162 32,757 5,738 2,818 2,048 2,683 2,389 9,425 1,788 2,349 5,540 16,782 4,509 73,013 1,180 53,000 1,975 1,205 1,541 7,014 2,451 4,647 279,270 103,616 9,492 7,792 4,752 3,326 29,750 8,139 5,769 26,372 8,224 137,660 8,270 2,278 51,386 7,181 3,863 3,243 4,547 2,627 11,193 2,670 3,587 6,766 24,273 5,776 158,953 1,263 115,800 10,410 4,697 3,973 11,111 4,144 7,555 464,997 1,703 203 176 73 64 515 79 127 184 282 307,584 78 147 298,209 238 54 189 230 134 779 88 204 177 6,293 764 37,235 910 17,300 195 17,265 50 1,147 188 180 347,339 105,319 9,695 7,968 4,825 3,390 30,265 8,218 5,896 26,556 8,506 445,244 8,348 2,425 349,595 7,419 3,917 3,432 4,777 2,761 11,972 2,758 3,791 6,943 30,566 6,540 196,188 2,173 133,100 10,605 21,962 4,023 12,258 4,332 7,735 812,336

Covered area per grower

Open ground Acres 2,625 145 191 1,518 395 376 3,133 396 197 52 20 1,900 123 41 188 216 9,651 81 47 7,868 112 65 108 196 74 346 56 179 56 207 256 12,015 300 8,600 42 850 17 915 81 1,210 27,424

Total production area Acres 4,131 278 386 1,800 855 812 5,551 619 380 163 98 2,595 312 176 798 411 19,872 273 103 15,894 282 155 187 306 137 621 119 266 215 909 406 16,519 350 11,656 285 1,354 109 1,196 180 1,388 46,073

Sales per acre Dollars 101,687 149,290 139,851 50,565 146,474 133,390 117,258 128,413 113,682 227,178 247,854 64,894 164,969 213,282 194,747 131,976 58,769 182,352 120,268 37,813 168,392 141,917 103,240 103,882 51,178 130,826 133,906 82,690 146,846 192,289 127,223 61,029 65,153 60,181 192,498 34,176 212,445 55,278 137,407 49,364 70,474 Continued--

29 25 22 34 35 26 39 34 32 24 45 56 38 31 47 24 138 45 26 331 34 24 32 33 56 66 22 30 38 81 32 99 60 146 76 67 80 57 45 39 80

Total 10,137 See footnotes at end of table.

Economic Research Service/USDA

Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 * 35

Table 17--Floriculture crops: Growers and growing area by type of cover, by region and State, 1995 1/ --Continued Year, Fiberglass Film plastic Total Shade and Total region, Total Glass & other rigid (single / multi) greenhouse temporary covered and State 2/ growers greenhouses greenhouses greenhouses cover cover area Number --1,000 square feet-1995 Northeast: 2,300 15,790 6,916 43,440 66,146 1,196 67,342 Connecticut 267 1,360 506 4,253 6,119 150 6,269 Massachusetts 447 2,214 1,349 6,119 9,682 174 9,856 New Jersey 375 3,053 799 8,915 12,767 152 12,919 New York 548 4,612 1,496 12,079 18,187 434 18,621 Pennsylvania 663 4,551 2,766 12,074 19,391 286 19,677 Midwest: Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Ohio Wisconsin South: Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West: Arizona California Colorado Hawaii New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington 2,603 276 255 174 72 566 223 186 515 336 3,186 190 83 1,027 219 162 95 130 79 177 123 112 162 427 200 2,069 28 980 164 349 50 215 90 193 22,265 2,567 1,479 606 52 4,658 881 715 9,766 1,541 13,790 333 15 4,873 294 368 350 1,057 226 1,410 155 533 1,036 1,536 1,604 18,354 0 14,328 344 15 374 1,496 55 1,742 70,199 11,333 1,116 636 1,407 400 3,146 1,513 663 1,498 954 27,265 856 56 16,144 1,254 488 532 530 287 360 537 317 153 5,315 436 64,383 364 45,647 8,009 3,556 1,802 2,518 1,322 1,165 109,897 70,861 5,777 4,305 2,920 3,185 24,318 5,841 4,310 14,385 5,820 117,562 7,012 2,203 48,904 5,841 2,993 2,427 2,818 2,474 8,882 1,882 1,993 4,366 21,785 3,982 76,357 1,073 55,243 2,423 1,444 1,443 7,662 2,290 4,779 308,220 104,459 9,460 6,420 4,933 3,637 32,122 8,235 5,688 25,649 8,315 158,617 8,201 2,274 69,921 7,389 3,849 3,309 4,405 2,987 10,652 2,574 2,843 5,555 28,636 6,022 159,094 1,437 115,218 10,776 5,015 3,619 11,676 3,667 7,686 488,316 1,810 175 169 84 176 549 99 74 218 266 310,788 201 108 303,156 187 58 212 209 169 697 108 78 205 4,430 970 41,628 505 19,823 276 19,499 46 1,129 186 164 355,422 106,269 9,635 6,589 5,017 3,813 32,671 8,334 5,762 25,867 8,581 469,405 8,402 2,382 373,077 7,576 3,907 3,521 4,614 3,156 11,349 2,682 2,921 5,760 33,066 6,992 200,722 1,942 135,041 11,052 24,514 3,665 12,805 3,853 7,850 843,738

Covered area per grower

Open ground Acres 3,354 210 322 2,145 351 326 3,069 345 134 62 15 2,041 85 47 162 178 10,981 87 53 9,176 115 57 59 183 70 405 43 200 51 230 252 12,325 206 9,072 66 648 18 1,020 130 1,165 29,729

Total production area Acres 4,900 354 548 2,442 778 778 5,509 566 285 177 103 2,791 276 179 756 375 21,757 280 108 17,741 289 147 140 289 142 666 105 267 183 989 413 16,933 251 12,172 320 1,211 102 1,314 218 1,345 49,099

Sales per acre Dollars 93,152 130,683 132,094 39,687 162,101 147,456 119,729 124,527 127,556 222,385 242,933 66,150 197,516 203,500 205,734 152,408 55,651 175,652 85,129 35,499 187,768 147,785 121,818 111,867 66,942 123,377 133,231 93,838 188,532 181,919 126,752 59,166 48,132 56,763 199,607 37,343 206,214 51,206 129,570 54,406 67,795 Continued--

29 23 22 34 34 30 41 35 26 29 53 58 37 31 50 26 147 44 29 363 35 24 37 35 40 64 22 26 36 77 35 97 69 138 67 70 73 60 43 41 83

Total 10,158 See footnotes at end of table.

36 * Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003

Economic Research Service/USDA

Table 17--Floriculture crops: Growers and growing area by type of cover, by region and State, 1996 1/ --Continued Year, Fiberglass Film plastic Total Shade and Total region, Total Glass & other rigid (single / multi) greenhouse temporary covered and State 2/ growers greenhouses greenhouses greenhouses cover cover area Number --1,000 square feet-1996 Northeast: 2,394 16,408 7,309 45,553 69,270 1,807 71,077 Connecticut 252 1,316 546 4,287 6,149 220 6,369 Massachusetts 416 2,202 1,239 6,006 9,447 181 9,628 New Jersey 359 3,237 674 8,987 12,898 344 13,242 New York 569 4,539 1,496 13,266 19,301 511 19,812 Pennsylvania 798 5,114 3,354 13,007 21,475 551 22,026 Midwest: Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Ohio Wisconsin South: Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West: Arizona California Colorado Hawaii New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington 2,586 244 234 191 68 560 216 172 563 338 3,065 175 78 1,015 204 154 94 114 67 252 109 95 166 358 184 2,025 23 954 163 353 43 210 93 186 21,776 2,469 1,294 578 60 4,316 769 650 10,132 1,508 14,051 327 12 4,374 341 391 276 1,071 185 2,001 139 509 976 1,107 2,342 18,051 0 13,904 468 2 286 1,805 42 1,544 70,286 12,473 835 650 1,360 377 3,444 1,853 648 2,213 1,093 19,873 700 84 10,439 1,122 414 486 455 209 432 548 302 215 4,094 373 63,092 263 45,132 7,995 2,573 1,770 2,234 2,171 954 102,747 71,152 6,060 4,055 3,401 3,003 24,564 6,009 4,032 14,049 5,979 103,977 6,625 1,894 36,225 5,856 3,134 2,502 2,630 1,395 10,576 2,279 2,038 4,365 19,718 4,740 72,993 758 51,861 2,322 1,180 1,650 7,607 2,256 5,359 293,675 105,401 9,364 5,999 5,339 3,440 32,324 8,631 5,330 26,394 8,580 137,901 7,652 1,990 51,038 7,319 3,939 3,264 4,156 1,789 13,009 2,966 2,849 5,556 24,919 7,455 154,136 1,021 110,897 10,785 3,755 3,706 11,646 4,469 7,857 466,708 2,277 238 158 116 234 800 107 75 322 227 329,358 85 72 321,508 677 109 163 63 102 877 142 361 146 4,397 656 41,296 407 19,518 322 19,316 32 1,411 118 172 374,738 107,678 9,602 6,157 5,455 3,674 33,124 8,738 5,405 26,716 8,807 467,259 7,737 2,062 372,546 7,996 4,048 3,427 4,219 1,891 13,886 3,108 3,210 5,702 29,316 8,111 195,432 1,428 130,415 11,107 23,071 3,738 13,057 4,587 8,029 841,446

Covered area per grower

Open ground Acres 3,249 168 319 1,815 410 537 2,945 361 122 69 19 1,797 158 60 195 164 11,292 76 114 9,438 98 47 72 189 76 424 32 195 83 223 225 11,599 254 8,069 73 666 26 1,255 98 1,158 29,081

Total production area Acres 4,881 314 540 2,119 865 1,043 5,417 581 263 194 103 2,557 359 184 808 366 22,019 254 161 17,990 282 140 151 286 119 743 103 269 214 896 411 16,086 287 11,063 328 1,196 112 1,555 203 1,342 48,402

Sales per acre Dollars 93,056 157,451 129,271 44,684 125,602 126,205 120,393 117,936 132,283 204,619 216,482 72,437 151,485 189,400 191,408 156,974 58,841 222,517 60,457 37,616 195,555 153,377 133,209 108,128 90,025 128,981 126,812 94,823 164,488 205,191 148,379 62,502 79,457 60,659 206,493 42,393 189,674 47,569 130,278 53,230 70,396 Continued--

30 25 23 37 35 28 42 39 26 29 54 59 40 31 47 26 152 44 26 367 39 26 36 37 28 55 29 34 34 82 44 97 62 137 68 65 87 62 49 43 84

Total 10,070 See footnotes at end of table.

Economic Research Service/USDA

Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 * 37

Table 17--Floriculture crops: Growers and growing area by type of cover, by region and State, 1997 1/ --Continued Year, Fiberglass Film plastic Total Shade and Total region, Total Glass & other rigid (single / multi) greenhouse temporary covered and State 2/ growers greenhouses greenhouses greenhouses cover cover area Number --1,000 square feet-1997 Northeast: 3,021 17,168 7,249 58,807 83,224 1,475 84,699 Connecticut 293 1,431 837 5,429 7,697 282 7,979 Massachusetts 499 1,937 1,180 7,051 10,168 155 10,323 New Jersey 474 3,660 1,054 14,964 19,678 259 19,937 New York 897 5,297 1,734 15,604 22,635 394 23,029 Pennsylvania 858 4,843 2,444 15,759 23,046 385 23,431 Midwest: Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Ohio Wisconsin South: Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West: Arizona California Colorado Hawaii New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington 3,275 368 286 194 100 750 273 238 669 397 3,907 161 70 1,371 244 190 122 138 100 401 124 107 214 408 257 2,514 42 1,210 185 380 50 287 97 263 23,303 2,535 1,445 485 185 4,420 618 732 11,133 1,750 13,663 407 12 4,752 511 377 251 996 220 1,893 139 765 1,037 1,320 983 20,059 17 15,693 436 54 279 1,601 27 1,952 74,193 13,841 2,168 919 1,373 383 3,467 1,889 559 1,907 1,176 21,639 796 72 11,672 460 585 483 735 245 645 549 500 164 4,296 437 63,617 418 45,021 8,099 2,700 1,670 2,718 2,204 787 106,346 87,696 7,304 4,636 4,229 3,497 29,791 6,542 5,425 19,826 6,446 124,284 7,212 2,003 42,057 6,972 3,899 2,739 2,865 1,724 13,711 2,967 2,658 5,618 22,710 7,149 85,483 1,528 59,454 2,683 1,461 1,937 9,120 3,424 5,876 356,270 124,840 12,007 7,000 6,087 4,065 37,678 9,049 6,716 32,866 9,372 159,586 8,415 2,087 58,481 7,943 4,861 3,473 4,596 2,189 16,249 3,655 3,923 6,819 28,326 8,569 169,159 1,963 120,168 11,218 4,215 3,886 13,439 5,655 8,615 536,809 3,089 695 194 88 331 665 146 73 457 440 344,756 64 81 336,420 738 83 144 331 190 360 96 165 329 5,168 587 44,142 696 19,610 344 21,363 63 1,722 130 214 393,462 127,929 12,702 7,194 6,175 4,396 38,343 9,195 6,789 33,323 9,812 504,342 8,479 2,168 394,901 8,681 4,944 3,617 4,927 2,379 16,609 3,751 4,088 7,148 33,494 9,156 213,301 2,659 139,778 11,562 25,578 3,949 15,161 5,785 8,829 930,271

Covered area per grower

Open ground Acres 3,911 329 388 1,915 779 500 4,248 842 227 45 32 2,414 169 72 203 244 13,367 157 108 11,097 168 37 101 189 148 372 26 259 111 274 320 13,985 394 9,386 74 835 51 1,334 81 1,830 35,507

Total production area Acres 5,855 512 625 2,373 1,308 1,038 7,185 1,134 392 187 133 3,294 380 228 968 469 24,945 352 158 20,163 367 150 184 302 203 753 112 353 275 1,043 530 18,882 455 12,595 339 1,422 142 1,682 214 2,033 56,867

Sales per acre Dollars 94,217 117,029 120,590 50,618 112,791 143,348 108,383 92,802 105,686 226,539 204,140 64,168 173,352 185,088 182,928 140,882 55,421 207,427 112,429 32,547 165,614 189,656 118,494 122,479 98,552 152,032 143,349 110,714 166,062 173,795 133,602 62,662 70,840 62,908 210,030 36,558 181,982 52,752 131,849 45,565 68,512 Continued--

28 27 21 42 26 27 39 35 25 32 44 51 34 29 50 25 129 53 31 288 36 26 30 36 24 41 30 38 33 82 36 85 63 116 62 67 79 53 60 34 73

Total 12,717 See footnotes at end of table.

38 * Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003

Economic Research Service/USDA

Table 17--Floriculture crops: Growers and growing area by type of cover, by region and State, 1998 1/ --Continued Year, Fiberglass Film plastic Total Shade and Total region, Total Glass & other rigid (single / multi) greenhouse temporary covered and State 2/ growers greenhouses greenhouses greenhouses cover cover area Number --1,000 square feet-1998 Northeast: 2,818 17,542 6,843 63,966 88,351 1,619 89,970 Connecticut 297 1,653 819 6,659 9,131 232 9,363 Massachusetts 476 1,947 1,193 7,568 10,708 117 10,825 New Jersey 449 3,722 871 16,472 21,065 311 21,376 New York 802 5,791 979 15,974 22,744 439 23,183 Pennsylvania 794 4,429 2,981 17,293 24,703 520 25,223 Midwest: Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Ohio Wisconsin South: Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West: Arizona California Colorado Hawaii New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington 3,202 346 300 166 104 746 261 236 661 382 3,755 168 72 1,245 234 189 114 189 77 370 118 126 195 427 231 2,484 39 1,171 179 413 51 278 97 256 20,814 2,619 1,344 525 126 4,515 578 656 8,733 1,718 13,678 437 12 4,936 578 372 282 851 204 1,805 110 700 954 1,374 1,063 21,761 12 17,098 513 69 224 1,814 28 2,003 73,795 14,400 2,550 929 1,295 390 3,643 2,077 492 1,856 1,168 18,526 298 66 10,800 404 882 313 657 181 349 470 354 188 2,847 717 58,180 914 40,163 7,687 2,946 1,379 2,772 1,494 825 97,949 94,319 7,762 5,234 4,326 3,761 33,174 7,132 5,754 20,163 7,013 132,220 7,816 2,898 42,100 7,669 3,861 2,882 4,537 2,900 15,157 2,997 2,753 6,015 23,616 7,019 95,025 1,197 62,652 2,987 1,999 2,615 12,791 4,088 6,696 385,530 129,533 12,931 7,507 6,146 4,277 41,332 9,787 6,902 30,752 9,899 164,424 8,551 2,976 57,836 8,651 5,115 3,477 6,045 3,285 17,311 3,577 3,807 7,157 27,837 8,799 174,966 2,123 119,913 11,187 5,014 4,218 17,377 5,610 9,524 557,274 3,474 929 202 64 90 836 162 285 486 420 344,863 238 37 337,000 454 80 127 204 136 543 128 242 307 4,856 511 39,872 771 17,937 302 18,852 72 1,474 184 280 389,828 133,007 13,860 7,709 6,210 4,367 42,168 9,949 7,187 31,238 10,319 509,287 8,789 3,013 394,836 9,105 5,195 3,604 6,249 3,421 17,854 3,705 4,049 7,464 32,693 9,310 214,838 2,894 137,850 11,489 23,866 4,290 18,851 5,794 9,804 947,102

Covered area per grower

Open ground Acres 4,785 410 431 2,030 1,344 570 4,344 855 237 88 46 2,298 168 126 269 257 13,952 178 88 11,382 139 66 101 172 81 430 31 281 159 545 299 15,427 291 11,252 74 1,273 44 1,241 54 1,198 38,508

Total production area Acres 6,850 625 680 2,521 1,876 1,149 7,397 1,173 414 231 146 3,266 396 291 986 494 25,644 380 157 20,446 348 185 184 315 160 840 116 374 330 1,296 513 20,359 357 14,417 338 1,821 142 1,674 187 1,423 60,250

Sales per acre Dollars 80,884 103,891 103,211 47,760 84,649 121,686 104,542 75,507 98,100 218,045 193,562 69,945 165,672 144,101 170,643 123,993 55,065 198,413 110,429 30,770 177,865 145,217 114,463 165,759 85,298 140,329 149,283 94,592 134,821 177,871 134,496 59,336 115,956 54,805 210,202 30,096 200,330 54,434 172,331 69,423 65,518 Continued--

32 32 23 48 29 32 42 40 26 37 42 57 38 30 47 27 136 52 42 317 39 27 32 33 44 48 31 32 38 77 40 86 74 118 64 58 84 68 60 38 77

Total 12,259 See footnotes at end of table.

Economic Research Service/USDA

Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 * 39

Table 17--Floriculture crops: Growers and growing area by type of cover, by region and State, 1999 1/ --Continued Year, Fiberglass Film plastic Total Shade and Total region, Total Glass & other rigid (single / multi) greenhouse temporary covered and State 2/ growers greenhouses greenhouses greenhouses cover cover area Number --1,000 square feet-1999 Northeast: 2,735 16,649 6,464 60,213 83,326 1,733 85,059 Connecticut 288 1,568 739 6,275 8,582 394 8,976 Massachusetts 457 2,039 953 7,150 10,142 84 10,226 New Jersey 440 3,365 638 14,366 18,369 254 18,623 New York 771 5,048 1,301 16,155 22,504 464 22,968 Pennsylvania 779 4,629 2,833 16,267 23,729 537 24,266 Midwest: Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Ohio Wisconsin South: Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West: Arizona California Colorado Hawaii New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington 3,148 342 321 150 98 738 247 201 665 386 3,553 174 68 1,197 235 200 99 153 68 385 117 129 196 336 196 2,189 35 969 167 408 43 246 87 234 20,681 2,547 1,161 411 105 4,487 607 715 8,883 1,765 13,692 526 10 4,325 645 390 168 766 168 2,501 77 741 887 1,454 1,034 18,363 10 13,852 489 27 220 1,723 32 2,010 69,385 15,333 2,576 1,007 1,474 396 3,736 2,220 474 2,065 1,385 20,000 276 10 10,627 348 877 248 576 205 337 377 353 220 4,795 751 52,609 1,124 34,167 7,821 3,169 1,348 2,937 1,176 867 94,406 92,080 8,024 5,241 3,944 3,874 31,585 7,244 5,318 20,139 6,711 130,061 8,299 4,034 42,129 7,617 3,902 3,061 5,302 3,041 14,764 2,227 3,085 6,060 20,678 5,862 86,173 1,123 58,578 2,888 2,249 2,291 8,827 3,961 6,256 368,527 128,094 13,147 7,409 5,829 4,375 39,808 10,071 6,507 31,087 9,861 163,753 9,101 4,054 57,081 8,610 5,169 3,477 6,644 3,414 17,602 2,681 4,179 7,167 26,927 7,647 157,145 2,257 106,597 11,198 5,445 3,859 13,487 5,169 9,133 532,318 3,014 575 102 113 41 949 175 274 421 364 344,594 144 28 335,453 391 112 157 146 130 516 114 270 198 6,612 323 42,726 654 18,269 317 21,450 54 1,481 222 279 392,067 131,108 13,722 7,511 5,942 4,416 40,757 10,246 6,781 31,508 10,225 508,347 9,245 4,082 392,534 9,001 5,281 3,634 6,790 3,544 18,118 2,795 4,449 7,365 33,539 7,970 199,871 2,911 124,866 11,515 26,895 3,913 14,968 5,391 9,412 924,385

Covered area per grower

Open ground Acres 4,522 373 434 2,167 1,028 520 3,877 565 220 51 54 2,205 154 119 323 186 12,340 161 169 9,817 143 89 74 178 63 340 39 324 159 562 222 14,231 323 9,868 82 1,337 10 1,333 87 1,191 34,970

Total production area Acres 6,475 579 669 2,595 1,555 1,077 6,887 880 392 187 155 3,141 389 275 1,046 421 24,010 373 263 18,828 350 210 157 334 144 756 103 426 328 1,332 405 18,819 390 12,735 346 1,954 100 1,677 211 1,407 56,191

Sales per acre Dollars 90,906 117,369 113,548 47,521 104,744 147,149 114,647 105,623 110,805 226,952 187,827 73,851 181,473 153,034 163,893 155,241 62,162 220,161 46,146 35,655 189,684 136,975 131,256 150,271 103,049 177,848 133,961 95,388 143,448 177,721 181,156 65,141 112,452 62,476 215,841 30,750 265,261 50,229 183,659 72,641 72,904 Continued--

31 31 22 42 30 31 42 40 23 40 45 55 41 34 47 26 143 53 60 328 38 26 37 44 52 47 24 34 38 100 41 91 83 129 69 66 91 61 62 40 80

Total 11,625 See footnotes at end of table.

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Economic Research Service/USDA

Table 17--Floriculture crops: Growers and growing area by type of cover, by region and State, 2000 1/ --Continued Year, Fiberglass Film plastic Total Shade and Total region, Total Glass & other rigid (single / multi) greenhouse temporary covered and State 2/ growers greenhouses greenhouses greenhouses cover cover area Number --1,000 square feet-2000 Northeast: 2,739 16,632 6,413 62,911 85,956 1,722 87,678 Connecticut 297 1,553 830 6,007 8,390 404 8,794 Massachusetts 471 1,894 1,073 6,704 9,671 112 9,783 New Jersey 398 3,502 484 14,670 18,656 260 18,916 New York 796 5,555 1,354 19,520 26,429 527 26,956 Pennsylvania 777 4,128 2,672 16,010 22,810 419 23,229 Midwest: Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Ohio Wisconsin South: Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West: Arizona California Colorado Hawaii New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington 3,163 317 285 139 136 747 249 206 703 381 3,583 191 70 1,192 235 184 116 151 53 353 105 117 202 382 232 2,139 31 973 149 434 43 223 76 210 19,857 2,282 1,109 587 108 4,441 501 740 8,403 1,686 13,286 527 24 4,265 620 368 125 807 163 2,518 65 921 782 1,058 1,043 22,165 0 16,461 517 69 1,458 1,531 36 2,093 71,940 15,486 2,639 972 1,693 455 4,096 2,016 459 2,038 1,118 24,927 274 23 10,745 328 1,018 178 582 210 227 384 407 185 9,406 960 49,817 1,145 33,596 7,492 3,080 168 2,585 952 799 96,643 92,499 8,147 4,913 4,297 4,129 32,665 7,694 5,228 18,823 6,603 128,094 8,216 2,988 43,276 7,492 3,545 2,896 3,265 2,313 14,222 2,096 3,712 5,679 22,289 6,105 85,042 1,093 56,859 2,939 2,450 2,454 9,462 3,794 5,991 368,546 127,842 13,068 6,994 6,577 4,692 41,202 10,211 6,427 29,264 9,407 166,307 9,017 3,035 58,286 8,440 4,931 3,199 4,654 2,686 16,967 2,545 5,040 6,646 32,753 8,108 157,024 2,238 106,916 10,948 5,599 4,080 13,578 4,782 8,883 537,129 3,288 577 104 149 119 1,106 140 136 502 455 342,964 222 49 330,470 384 92 288 172 77 476 96 1,238 230 8,693 477 45,511 653 21,444 267 21,074 93 1,571 220 189 393,485 131,130 13,645 7,098 6,726 4,811 42,308 10,351 6,563 29,766 9,862 509,271 9,239 3,084 388,756 8,824 5,023 3,487 4,826 2,763 17,443 2,641 6,278 6,876 41,446 8,585 202,535 2,891 128,360 11,215 26,673 4,173 15,149 5,002 9,072 930,614

Covered area per grower

Open ground Acres 4,609 398 421 2,301 914 575 5,016 440 206 90 71 3,299 186 143 409 172 12,921 201 79 9,960 155 79 84 219 44 384 31 250 227 993 215 14,457 294 9,696 82 1,315 9 1,807 46 1,208 37,003

Total production area Acres 6,622 600 646 2,735 1,533 1,108 8,026 753 369 244 181 4,270 424 294 1,092 398 24,612 413 150 18,885 358 194 164 330 107 784 92 394 385 1,944 412 19,107 360 12,643 339 1,927 105 2,155 161 1,416 58,367

Sales per acre Dollars 96,131 120,232 123,215 49,084 117,354 154,073 111,656 146,421 132,479 207,661 189,071 64,052 183,185 158,091 173,253 163,567 67,047 141,746 97,684 39,175 216,407 158,029 127,534 176,267 135,372 173,599 153,085 217,924 136,086 137,611 192,815 72,941 76,882 75,263 257,393 34,537 266,091 43,709 217,453 73,032 78,411 Continued--

32 30 21 48 34 30 41 43 25 48 35 57 42 32 42 26 142 48 44 326 38 27 30 32 52 49 25 54 34 108 37 95 93 132 75 61 97 68 66 43 80

Total 11,624 See footnotes at end of table.

Economic Research Service/USDA

Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 * 41

Table 17--Floriculture crops: Growers and growing area by type of cover, by region and State, 2001 1/ --Continued Year, Fiberglass Film plastic Total Shade and Total region, Total Glass & other rigid (single / multi) greenhouse temporary covered and State 2/ growers greenhouses greenhouses greenhouses cover cover area Number --1,000 square feet-2001 Northeast: 2,660 18,059 8,189 59,246 85,494 2,157 87,651 Connecticut 284 1,844 1,615 5,705 9,164 409 9,573 Massachusetts 446 1,877 1,261 6,250 9,388 133 9,521 New Jersey 376 3,899 837 14,493 19,229 366 19,595 New York 731 6,283 1,461 15,958 23,702 667 24,369 Pennsylvania 823 4,156 3,015 16,840 24,011 582 24,593 Midwest: Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Ohio Wisconsin South: Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West: Arizona California Colorado Hawaii New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington 3,034 303 280 132 137 708 237 209 654 374 3,306 171 57 1,067 197 166 118 148 71 336 100 118 203 330 224 2,081 34 917 134 419 41 257 82 197 21,024 2,482 1,330 559 117 4,706 600 721 9,006 1,503 14,579 666 9 4,522 435 475 107 984 165 2,889 55 906 921 1,375 1,070 21,796 5 17,576 471 61 115 1,525 70 1,973 75,458 15,181 2,136 1,206 1,867 497 3,876 2,217 584 1,713 1,085 21,060 513 16 13,760 489 948 299 521 61 272 311 65 133 3,080 592 48,178 867 32,202 7,053 2,625 1,355 2,445 1,066 565 92,608 91,898 7,825 5,136 4,112 4,127 31,902 8,078 5,274 18,831 6,613 125,414 8,382 2,112 39,646 6,731 3,581 2,633 3,432 3,167 14,243 1,859 3,912 5,342 23,054 7,320 86,890 1,462 58,215 2,707 2,435 2,490 10,114 3,359 6,108 363,448 128,103 12,443 7,672 6,538 4,741 40,484 10,895 6,579 29,550 9,201 161,053 9,561 2,137 57,928 7,655 5,004 3,039 4,937 3,393 17,404 2,225 4,883 6,396 27,509 8,982 156,864 2,334 107,993 10,231 5,121 3,960 14,084 4,495 8,646 531,514 3,665 713 132 85 142 1,141 177 133 610 532 336,265 309 29 323,495 459 100 300 71 116 515 70 1,824 89 8,158 730 48,206 853 23,581 164 21,380 92 1,718 161 257 390,293 131,768 13,156 7,804 6,623 4,883 41,625 11,072 6,712 30,160 9,733 497,318 9,870 2,166 381,423 8,114 5,104 3,339 5,008 3,509 17,919 2,295 6,707 6,485 35,667 9,712 205,070 3,187 131,574 10,395 26,501 4,052 15,802 4,656 8,903 921,807

Covered area per grower

Open ground Acres 5,159 525 384 2,460 1,243 547 5,217 334 224 86 71 3,235 84 496 447 240 11,492 106 54 8,715 165 51 115 207 89 421 31 513 189 558 278 13,736 380 8,704 59 1,613 25 1,556 30 1,369 35,604

Total production area Acres 7,171 745 603 2,910 1,802 1,112 8,242 636 403 238 183 4,191 338 650 1,139 463 22,909 333 104 17,471 351 168 192 322 170 832 84 667 338 1,377 501 18,444 453 11,725 298 2,221 118 1,919 137 1,573 56,766

Sales per acre Dollars 90,393 107,583 129,716 47,065 95,639 162,475 111,670 184,774 136,275 223,867 182,498 64,459 235,453 72,407 166,637 160,828 74,921 177,802 163,876 43,786 196,833 186,928 109,792 203,797 91,309 193,925 215,006 135,384 135,497 201,614 158,604 78,817 59,769 86,634 289,743 31,287 271,926 46,436 259,747 62,526 83,477 Continued--

33 34 21 52 33 30 43 43 28 50 36 59 47 32 46 26 150 58 38 357 41 31 28 34 49 53 23 57 32 108 43 99 94 143 78 63 99 61 57 45 83

Total 11,081 See footnotes at end of table.

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Economic Research Service/USDA

Table 17--Floriculture crops: Growers and growing area by type of cover, by region and State, 2002 1/ --Continued Year, Fiberglass Film plastic Total Shade and Total region, Total Glass & other rigid (single / multi) greenhouse temporary covered and State 2/ growers greenhouses greenhouses greenhouses cover cover area Number --1,000 square feet--

Covered area per grower

Open ground Acres 5,282 478 479 2,674 1,034 617 5,826 255 259 128 74 3,583 77 543 541 366 12,044 153 54 9,375 201 62 102 237 133 405 61 394 228 345 294 13,756 381 8,548 57 1,510 20 1,502 63 1,675

Total production area Acres 7,304 693 690 3,134 1,614 1,172 9,013 564 435 268 179 4,756 326 689 1,195 600 23,111 371 101 17,880 382 176 179 362 191 805 112 536 367 1,166 481 18,405 454 11,409 301 2,156 116 1,877 175 1,919

Sales per acre Dollars 92,123 119,423 113,892 46,506 114,602 154,172 104,153 185,450 113,483 187,958 177,752 65,999 240,219 66,388 158,591 125,149 80,125 178,430 143,235 49,048 184,744 186,949 135,734 202,647 81,600 199,606 162,464 193,547 112,268 235,152 164,608 76,916 68,309 84,307 298,013 32,940 265,723 47,362 223,211 53,959 84,363

2002 Northeast: Connecticut Massachusetts New Jersey New York Pennsylvania Midwest: Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Ohio Wisconsin South: Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West: Arizona California Colorado Hawaii New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington

2,485 260 406 362 663 794 2,798 291 254 124 123 657 226 190 575 358 3,048 152 58 991 189 151 99 144 74 308 89 100 189 301 203 1,885 32 802 122 393 43 233 73 187

18,501 1,569 1,819 3,906 6,453 4,754 20,812 2,562 1,393 469 114 4,578 597 714 8,786 1,599 14,204 662 10 3,855 463 528 108 1,203 160 2,896 55 744 931 1,359 1,230 21,509 8 16,090 732 48 135 1,643 33 2,820

7,553 1,558 1,128 781 994 3,092 14,928 1,540 1,145 1,446 412 4,635 2,420 555 1,597 1,178 18,931 496 18 12,090 331 769 388 479 114 263 338 26 165 2,833 621 46,589 880 29,350 6,834 2,407 1,406 2,574 2,075 1,063

59,401 5,845 6,048 14,800 16,918 15,790 98,537 8,791 5,014 4,091 3,958 39,719 7,652 5,020 17,590 6,702 124,379 8,103 1,980 43,133 6,526 3,519 2,504 3,676 2,177 13,626 1,729 3,456 4,861 23,400 5,689 86,104 1,444 57,173 2,900 2,706 2,509 10,269 2,636 6,467

85,455 8,972 8,995 19,487 24,365 23,636 134,277 12,893 7,552 6,006 4,484 48,932 10,669 6,289 27,973 9,479 157,514 9,261 2,008 59,078 7,320 4,816 3,000 5,358 2,451 16,785 2,122 4,226 5,957 27,592 7,540 154,202 2,332 102,613 10,466 5,161 4,050 14,486 4,744 10,350

2,630 389 217 562 908 554 4,531 564 133 82 85 2,182 171 79 512 723 324,545 244 33 311,410 557 141 346 99 96 658 106 1,953 119 8,166 617 48,329 868 22,010 153 22,965 119 1,831 116 267

88,085 9,361 9,212 20,049 25,273 24,190 138,808 13,457 7,685 6,088 4,569 51,114 10,840 6,368 28,485 10,202 482,059 9,505 2,041 370,488 7,877 4,957 3,346 5,457 2,547 17,443 2,228 6,179 6,076 35,758 8,157 202,531 3,200 124,623 10,619 28,126 4,169 16,317 4,860 10,617

35 36 23 55 38 30 50 46 30 49 37 78 48 34 50 28 158 63 35 374 42 33 34 38 34 57 25 62 32 119 40 107 100 155 87 72 97 70 67 57

Total 10,216 75,026 88,001 368,421 531,448 380,035 911,483 89 36,908 57,833 1/ Includes all operations with $10,000+ in annual floriculture sales. Includes cut flowers, cut cultivated greens, potted flowering plants, potted foliage plants, bedding and garden plants, and hanging baskets. Excludes mushrooms, greenhouse vegetables, seeds, ground covers, turfgrass, and nursery products. 2/ The annual NASS survey was not conducted in the 14 other States not listed. Totals may not add due to rounding.
Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

Economic Research Service/USDA

Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 * 43

Table 18--Floriculture crops: Number of growers and value of sales, by grower size, 1992 to date Number of producers 1/ Average sales per grower Year Small Large All Small Large All growers growers growers growers growers growers ----------- Number -------------------------- Dollars ---------------1992 5,829 1993 5,878 1994 5,632 1995 5,501 1996 5,387 1997 7,473 1998 7,060 1999 6,832 2000 6,773 2001 6,343 2002 5,604 See footnotes in table 19. 4,566 4,585 4,631 4,657 4,683 5,244 5,199 4,793 4,851 4,738 4,612 10,395 10,463 10,263 10,158 10,070 12,717 12,259 11,625 11,624 11,081 10,216 42,487 44,714 45,008 46,325 47,339 45,297 43,383 50,850 56,128 48,294 45,819 607,695 612,933 646,389 660,038 673,138 678,403 700,372 782,215 865,065 948,971 1,002,211 290,754 293,714 316,371 327,686 338,363 306,365 322,010 352,392 393,719 433,404 477,581

Wholesale value of sales 2/ Small Large All growers growers growers ----------------1,000 dollars ---------------247,654 262,830 253,485 254,835 255,015 338,505 306,285 347,404 380,153 306,330 256,770 2,774,734 2,810,296 2,993,427 3,073,797 3,152,305 3,557,545 3,641,232 3,749,156 4,196,432 4,496,225 4,622,197 3,022,388 3,073,126 3,246,912 3,328,632 3,407,320 3,896,050 3,947,517 4,096,560 4,576,585 4,802,555 4,878,967

Table 19--Floriculture crops: Number of growers and value of sales, by grower size, by State, 2002 Number of producers 1/ Average sales per grower Region and State Small Large Small Large All growers growers growers growers growers ----------- Number -------------------------- Dollars ---------------2002 Northeast: 1,577 908 44,263 664,183 270,777 Connecticut 160 100 45,094 755,330 318,262 Massachusetts 266 140 47,320 471,807 193,695 New Jersey 194 168 40,356 821,036 402,660 New York 409 254 42,946 659,150 279,018 Pennsylvania 548 246 44,901 634,691 227,632 Midwest: 1,586 1,212 57,719 698,965 335,485 Illinois 149 142 46,691 687,493 359,385 Indiana 170 84 55,294 476,345 194,539 Iowa 70 54 93,829 810,370 405,871 Kansas 80 43 51,813 643,093 258,520 Michigan 315 342 48,667 873,064 477,805 Minnesota 121 105 87,884 644,210 346,354 Missouri 126 64 56,865 602,953 240,811 Ohio 342 233 54,570 733,227 329,574 Wisconsin 213 145 59,535 430,579 209,818 South: 1,508 1,540 57,989 1,145,637 607,522 Alabama 98 54 74,714 1,090,963 435,750 Arkansas 39 19 46,564 664,737 249,069 Florida 344 647 48,968 1,329,440 884,958 Georgia 98 91 47,582 723,934 373,233 Kentucky 91 60 51,451 469,717 217,649 Louisiana 61 38 49,984 558,474 245,162 Maryland 77 67 58,779 1,028,179 509,819 Mississippi 45 29 47,044 465,759 211,135 North Carolina 174 134 42,506 1,144,582 521,981 Oklahoma 55 34 54,327 448,000 204,719 South Carolina 59 41 191,712 2,253,683 1,037,120 Tennessee 124 65 64,419 511,831 218,291 Texas 126 175 55,381 1,526,766 910,837 Virginia 117 86 49,282 854,105 390,241 West: 933 952 68,176 1,420,234 751,019 Arizona 17 15 216,471 1,824,267 970,125 California 287 515 46,098 1,841,998 1,199,325 Colorado 59 63 330,237 1,113,524 734,721 Hawaii 255 138 38,518 443,384 180,684 New Mexico 24 19 172,708 1,400,053 715,023 Oregon 156 77 40,000 1,073,221 381,451 Utah 38 35 62,684 1,045,257 533,781 Washington 97 90 47,680 1,098,978 553,652 Other States -----------

Wholesale value of sales 2/ Small Large All growers growers growers ----------------1,000 dollars ---------------69,802 7,215 12,587 7,829 17,565 24,606 91,543 6,957 9,400 6,568 4,145 15,330 10,634 7,165 18,663 12,681 87,447 7,322 1,816 16,845 4,663 4,682 3,049 4,526 2,117 7,396 2,988 11,311 7,988 6,978 5,766 63,608 3,680 13,230 19,484 9,822 4,145 6,240 2,382 4,625 --603,078 75,533 66,053 137,934 167,424 156,134 847,145 97,624 40,013 43,760 27,653 298,588 67,642 38,589 170,842 62,434 1,764,281 58,912 12,630 860,148 65,878 28,183 21,222 68,888 13,507 153,374 15,232 92,401 33,269 267,184 73,453 1,352,063 27,364 948,629 70,152 61,187 26,601 82,638 36,584 98,908 55,630 672,880 82,748 78,640 145,763 184,989 180,740 938,688 104,581 49,413 50,328 31,798 313,918 78,276 45,754 189,505 75,115 1,851,728 66,234 14,446 876,993 70,541 32,865 24,271 73,414 15,624 160,770 18,220 103,712 41,257 274,162 79,219 1,415,671 31,044 961,859 89,636 71,009 30,746 88,878 38,966 103,533 ---

Total 5,604 4,612 45,819 1,002,211 477,581 256,770 4,622,197 4,878,967 - - - = Not available. Data in 2002 are preliminary. All growers are located in the 36 surveyed States. 1/ Small growers have between $10,000 and $100,000 in annual floriculture sales; large growers have at least $100,000. 2/ Sales of small growers are the difference between all grower sales and large grower sales. The total sales of small growers will equal the sum of the four regions' sales only after subtracting "Other States" sales of large growers from zero "Other States" sales of all growers. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Table 20--Cut flowers and cut greens: Grower sales at wholesale, by flower type, 1993 to date 1/ 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 --1,000 dollars-Alstroemeria Carnations 2/ Chrysanthemums 2/ Delphinium, larkspur Gerbera daisy Gladioli Iris Lilies Lisianthus Orchids Roses Snapdragons Tulips Other cut flowers Total cut flowers Leatherleaf ferns Other cultivated greens --39,314 24,236 ----33,675 --------164,368 ----162,318 423,911 72,142 43,837 --28,206 23,670 ----39,520 --------149,310 ----201,591 442,297 67,544 51,703 119,247 --28,259 25,076 ----36,110 --------125,727 ----208,458 423,630 63,485 49,639 113,124 --20,675 23,583 ----33,260 --------117,346 ----217,836 412,700 67,993 50,192 118,185 --19,180 21,891 ----34,861 --------122,515 ----273,122 471,569 64,373 51,811 116,184 --15,927 24,190 ----33,138 --------102,365 ----235,975 411,595 60,498 57,191 117,689

1999 --11,030 22,264 ----25,535 --------87,003 ----285,792 431,624 64,547 62,128 126,675

2000 5,939 6,430 17,214 10,955 20,886 28,339 20,395 55,975 6,891 8,071 69,294 19,166 26,760 133,648 429,963 66,245 59,923 126,168

2001 5,137 3,870 16,831 11,008 22,317 24,284 19,549 60,876 8,505 8,563 59,976 16,980 26,864 133,343 418,103 55,310 57,048 112,358

2002p 5,101 3,243 18,497 9,501 22,783 26,708 16,226 57,712 6,394 10,506 56,183 16,615 28,317 132,229 410,015 51,823 59,121 110,944

Total cut greens 115,979 See footnotes at end of table 21.

Table 21--Cut flowers and cut greens: Quantity sold at wholesale, by flower type, 1993 to date 1/ 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 --1,000 stems-Alstroemeria Carnations 2/ Chrysanthemums 2/ Delphinium, larkspur Gerbera daisy Gladioli Iris Lilies Lisianthus Orchids Roses Snapdragons Tulips Total cut flowers --203,850 30,755 ----165,683 --------507,290 ----907,578 --123,406 27,409 ----190,914 --------469,489 ----811,218 --121,219 28,419 ----149,132 --------397,504 ----696,274 --97,722 27,187 ----144,941 --------352,914 ----622,764 --79,275 24,205 ----154,650 --------388,585 ----646,715 --67,382 26,692 ----129,297 --------317,108 ----540,479

1999 --41,087 29,101 ----100,457 --------262,939 ----433,584

2000 25,056 40,206 13,159 43,840 67,520 127,109 79,012 81,301 15,150 11,719 185,975 63,711 77,039 830,797

2001 21,253 24,760 12,933 45,515 72,916 112,948 83,594 91,267 19,040 11,571 160,301 60,939 75,769 792,806

2002p 20,166 20,580 13,965 41,378 75,931 126,285 77,344 93,406 14,069 15,053 144,113 59,221 89,064 790,575 59,807

Leatherleaf ferns 3/ 85,239 78,912 74,968 77,982 78,707 72,981 71,928 75,611 63,002 - - - = Not available; p = preliminary. 1/ Includes growers with at least $100,000 in annual floriculture sales at wholesale; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Starting in 2000, only standard carnations and pompon chrysanthemums are included; miniature carnations and standard mums are included in "Other cut flowers". 3/ Quantity sold in 1,000 bunches. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 * 45

Table 22--Cut flowers: Value of production, imports, exports, and consumption, 1989 to date Production and trade Domestic Domestic Year production 1/ Imports Supply Exports consumption -- 1,000 dollars -1,000 dollars

Consumption 2/ Per Per household capita --Dollars--

Import share Percent 40.1 42.7 42.4 45.3 49.8 51.0 57.2 61.1 58.5 62.6 60.3 61.0 59.9 59.2

482,531 315,654 798,185 787,413 9 1989 10,773 3 467,720 326,246 793,966 764,421 8 1990 29,545 3 471,556 322,016 793,572 759,873 8 1991 33,699 3 458,455 352,366 810,821 778,316 8 1992 32,505 3 423,911 382,182 806,093 766,992 8 1993 39,100 3 442,297 420,104 862,401 824,488 9 1994 37,913 3 423,630 511,524 935,154 894,840 9 1995 40,314 3 412,700 572,550 985,250 937,748 10 1996 47,502 3 471,569 595,045 1,066,614 1,017,862 10 1997 48,753 4 411,595 614,362 1,025,957 981,404 10 1998 44,553 4 431,624 592,366 1,023,990 982,264 10 1999 41,726 4 429,963 1,040,424 1,000,705 9 2000 610,461 39,719 4 418,103 983,571 943,896 9 2001 565,468 39,675 3 410,015 951,481 915,364 8 2002 p 541,466 36,116 3 p = Preliminary. 1/ Based on wholesale value of sales by commercial growers with $100,000+ in annual floriculture sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Domestic consumption equals supply minus exports. Supply equals domestic production plus imports. Sources: Floriculture Crops, NASS; FATUS, ERS; U.S. Bureau of Census.

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Table 23--Cut flowers: Value of grower sales at wholesale, by State, 1993 to date 1/ State 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1,000 dollars Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Other States 568 --1,277 --245,452 19,762 1,999 --26,167 201 16,085 --4,282 11,765 316 39 1,180 ----534 7,997 10,880 7,336 73 738 --------7,642 221 14,240 1,317 --6,922 26 7,629 8,023 --3 --807 198 3,479 --2,341 12,614 --1,798 ----547 --1,402 --263,238 18,896 1,421 --34,397 201 14,794 --2,130 12,364 214 35 784 ----649 5,800 10,839 6,068 107 701 --------8,978 5,881 8,023 1,297 --6,588 5 8,470 6,657 --1,126 --722 194 3,036 --2,665 11,623 --2,445 ----450 --1,458 6 262,385 16,782 1,611 --26,695 200 13,709 --1,967 3,490 219 72 351 235 --603 6,645 10,205 5,506 177 615 --------14,971 3,003 7,612 1,344 --4,939 2 9,283 7,036 --1,124 --768 217 2,811 --2,513 11,728 --2,898 ----450 --2,000 25 254,661 17,268 1,742 --27,285 322 13,661 --1,643 3,818 256 16 331 155 --449 6,030 10,388 6,560 184 518 --------12,061 2,996 6,837 1,875 --4,982 2 8,880 6,613 --1,100 --623 215 1,865 --2,496 11,478 --2,915 ----487 --1,698 8 307,557 12,932 1,630 --29,241 150 15,622 --3,625 4,006 140 15 319 179 --1,719 5,200 11,514 7,057 254 321 --------11,916 4,800 6,125 2,323 --4,066 --10,499 6,317 --3,864 --558 290 708 --1,948 11,745 --2,736 -----

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002p

640 --1,863 1 261,548 11,425 1,500 --27,398 1 14,383 --2,810 2,927 166 10 390 91 --1,298 4,826 8,551 6,469 70 204 --------8,495 5,461 6,408 2,017 --3,220 --10,214 4,734 --1,794 --465 431 153 --947 17,736 --2,949 -----

--------279,611 10,749 1,162 --28,293 --17,461 --877 --------------4,229 4,995 6,959 ------------9,194 --5,018 2,038 --3,425 --10,338 5,313 ----------------23,295 --1,872 --16,795

--------288,441 8,156 983 --28,119 --16,436 --821 --------------3,527 7,624 6,442 ------------7,128 --6,136 2,775 --3,220 --10,195 4,454 --------616 ------19,624 --1,623 --13,643

--------286,755 6,442 990 --23,611 --15,206 --1,127 --------------3,076 8,119 5,193 ------------8,533 --4,506 2,994 --2,894 --10,698 4,587 --------692 ------18,857 --1,915 --11,908 418,103

--------278,581 5,015 913 --24,679 --17,648 --879 --------------4,713 8,298 5,538 ------------8,155 --5,676 3,042 ------10,127 3,773 ----------------17,619 --2,000 --13,359 410,015

Total 423,911 442,297 423,630 412,700 471,569 411,595 431,624 429,963 - - - = Not available or not released; p = preliminary. 1/ Wholesale value of sales by growers with at least $100,000 in annual floriculture sales; 36 surveyed States. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 * 47

Table 24--Cut flowers: Quantity, unit value, and value of U.S. imports, by flower variety, 1995 to date Import quantity Variety and type 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 -- 1,000 stems -Miniature carnations, fresh Standard carnations, fresh All carnations, fresh Sweetheart roses, fresh Spray and other roses, fresh All roses, fresh Pompon chrysanthemums, fresh Other chrysanthemums, fresh All chrysanthemums, fresh Dendrobrium orchids, fresh Other orchids, fresh All orchids, fresh Anthuriums, fresh Alstroemeria, fresh Gypsophila, fresh Lilies, fresh Snapdragons, fresh All cut flowers, fresh See footnotes at end of table. 338,775 843,935 1,182,710 3,228 773,764 776,993 591,447 51,277 642,724 15,926 6,034 21,960 1,554 --------2,625,940 351,627 913,641 1,265,268 4,384 837,414 841,798 611,576 52,174 663,750 28,431 6,424 34,855 1,504 --------2,807,175 372,442 834,952 1,207,395 4,762 944,466 949,228 537,972 52,214 590,186 29,266 4,865 34,130 1,047 --------2,781,986 348,137 711,965 1,060,102 5,540 976,818 982,358 560,866 49,407 610,274 41,970 4,527 46,497 603 --------2,699,834 332,409 656,565 988,974 5,225 919,930 925,155 482,084 45,195 527,279 52,731 3,808 56,539 283 134,743 116,778 56,166 775 2,806,691

2000

2001

2002p

300,763 587,336 888,099 4,136 964,478 968,613 518,362 39,377 557,739 52,273 5,433 57,706 2,410 115,515 99,564 32,463 4,130 2,726,240

267,163 494,673 761,836 2,542 990,913 993,455 491,972 55,085 547,057 51,806 3,720 55,525 1,884 112,289 101,772 32,631 5,646 2,612,095

257,999 435,049 693,048 4,418 1,009,753 1,014,171 444,168 83,211 527,379 54,566 3,731 58,297 608 125,089 101,894 28,825 5,051 2,554,362

Variety and type

1995

1996

1997

Unit value 1/ 1998 1999 -- Dollars -0.11 0.10 0.11 0.28 0.22 0.22 0.13 0.20 0.14 0.06 0.33 0.08 0.54 --------0.22 0.12 0.11 0.11 0.37 0.22 0.22 0.14 0.20 0.14 0.04 0.38 0.07 0.87 0.20 0.19 0.23 0.94 0.20

2000

2001

2002p

Miniature carnations, fresh Standard carnations, fresh All carnations, fresh Sweetheart roses, fresh Spray and other roses, fresh All roses, fresh Pompon chrysanthemums, fresh Other chrysanthemums, fresh All chrysanthemums, fresh Dendrobrium orchids, fresh Other orchids, fresh All orchids, fresh Anthuriums, fresh Alstroemeria, fresh Gypsophila, fresh Lilies, fresh Snapdragons, fresh All cut flowers, fresh See footnotes at end of table.

0.10 0.09 0.10 0.37 0.20 0.20 0.11 0.18 0.12 0.21 0.35 0.25 0.54 --------0.19

0.10 0.10 0.10 0.31 0.21 0.21 0.11 0.22 0.12 0.12 0.27 0.14 0.57 --------0.20

0.10 0.10 0.10 0.29 0.22 0.22 0.12 0.21 0.13 0.10 0.29 0.13 0.61 --------0.21

0.11 0.10 0.10 0.32 0.22 0.22 0.12 0.30 0.13 0.05 0.37 0.08 0.21 0.17 0.21 0.37 0.39 0.22

0.10 0.09 0.09 0.37 0.21 0.21 0.10 0.18 0.11 0.05 0.52 0.08 0.17 0.21 0.21 0.37 0.46 0.21

0.09 0.09 0.09 0.28 0.19 0.19 0.09 0.15 0.10 0.04 0.46 0.07 0.60 0.24 0.19 0.47 0.48 0.21 Continued--

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Table 24--Cut flowers: Quantity, unit value, and value of U.S. imports, by flower variety, 1995 to date --Continued Import value 2/ Variety and type 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 -- 1,000 dollars -Miniature carnations, fresh Standard carnations, fresh All carnations, fresh Sweetheart roses, fresh Spray and other roses, fresh All roses, fresh Pompon chrysanthemums, fresh Other chrysanthemums, fresh All chrysanthemums, fresh Dendrobrium orchids, fresh Other orchids, fresh All orchids, fresh Anthuriums, fresh Alstroemeria, fresh Gypsophila, fresh Lilies, fresh Snapdragons, fresh Other cut flowers, fresh All cut flowers, fresh Cut flowers/buds, dried, dyed, or prep. Total cut flowers, fresh and prepared 33,377 80,089 113,466 1,209 150,931 152,141 65,941 9,192 75,133 3,295 2,088 5,383 838 --------148,266 495,227 16,297 511,524 36,571 90,075 126,646 1,368 177,555 178,923 68,966 11,520 80,486 3,277 1,737 5,014 855 --------165,749 557,674 14,876 572,550 37,751 79,504 117,254 1,375 205,220 206,595 66,732 10,790 77,521 3,002 1,432 4,434 642 --------172,767 579,212 15,833 595,045 38,740 74,559 113,299 1,565 215,951 217,517 73,023 9,840 82,863 2,330 1,495 3,824 328 --------181,072 598,903 15,459 614,362 41,059 70,713 111,772 1,933 199,193 201,126 67,441 8,939 76,379 2,312 1,458 3,770 247 26,750 22,225 13,022 728 118,948 574,967 17,399 592,366 34,127 56,983 91,110 1,309 211,419 212,728 61,765 11,629 73,394 2,606 2,023 4,628 500 19,356 21,019 12,091 1,606 158,358 594,790 15,671 610,461

2001

2002p

26,530 44,815 71,345 942 204,746 205,688 50,629 10,025 60,655 2,345 1,933 4,279 324 23,647 21,872 11,977 2,596 148,797 551,179 14,289 565,468

24,331 38,778 63,109 1,236 189,476 190,712 41,586 12,703 54,289 2,434 1,724 4,158 367 30,155 19,127 13,536 2,446 151,403 529,303 12,163 541,466

- - - = Not available; p = preliminary. 1/ Customs value divided by import quantity. 2/ Customs value, excluding duty, insurance, and other import charges. Source: FATUS, ERS.

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Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 * 49

Table 25--Cut carnations: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1992 to date Percent of Wholesale value of sales through Year Growers Quantity Wholesale sales at Wholesale Retail All 1/ sold price wholesale outlets outlets 2/ outlets Number 1,000 stems Cents per stem Percent --1,000 dollars-Standard: 1992 139 213,599 14.4 99 30,469 308 30,777 1993 116 194,876 14.0 99 26,935 272 27,207 1994 92 116,232 15.6 100 18,141 0 18,141 1995 93 112,067 15.3 100 17,199 0 17,199 1996 81 92,160 14.5 100 13,345 0 13,345 1997 75 74,368 15.8 99 11,622 117 11,739 1998 68 63,171 15.7 94 9,298 593 9,891 1999 53 38,456 18.7 100 7,201 0 7,201 2000 53 40,206 16.0 99 6,366 64 6,430 42 24,760 15.6 98 3,870 2001 3,793 77 33 20,580 15.8 96 3,243 2002 p 3,113 130 p = Preliminary. 1/ Includes only commercial growers of $100,000 or more in annual floriculture sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Equals the residual not sold through wholesale outlets. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

Table 26--Cut carnations: Quantity of production, imports, and consumption, 1992 to date Production and trade Year Domestic Per U.S. production 1/ Imports Supply Exports Total household --1,000 stems-Stems Standard: 1992 213,599 809,461 1,023,060 N.A. 1,023,060 11 1993 194,876 817,603 1,012,479 N.A. 1,012,479 11 1994 116,232 791,740 907,972 N.A. 907,972 9 1995 112,067 843,935 956,002 N.A. 956,002 10 1996 92,160 913,641 1,005,801 N.A. 1,005,801 10 1997 74,368 834,952 909,320 N.A. 909,320 9 1998 63,171 711,965 775,136 N.A. 775,136 8 1999 38,456 656,565 695,021 N.A. 695,021 7 2000 40,206 587,336 627,542 N.A. 627,542 6 2001 24,760 494,673 519,433 N.A. 519,433 5 2002 p 20,580 435,049 455,629 N.A. 455,629 4 N.A. = Not available. p = Preliminary. 1/ Quantity sold by commercial growers with $100,000+ in annual floriculture sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Bunches converted to stems at 10 stems per bunch. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

Import share Percent 79.1 80.8 87.2 88.3 90.8 91.8 91.9 94.5 93.6 95.2 95.5

Table 27--Cut carnations: Value of production, imports, and consumption, 1992 to date Production and trade Year Domestic Per U.S. production 1/ Imports Supply Exports Total household --1,000 dollars-Dollars Standard: 1992 30,777 62,660 93,437 N.A. 93,437 0.99 1993 27,207 62,347 89,554 N.A. 89,554 0.94 1994 18,141 64,755 82,896 N.A. 82,896 0.86 1995 17,199 80,089 97,288 N.A. 97,288 1.00 1996 13,345 90,075 103,420 N.A. 103,420 1.05 1997 11,739 79,504 91,243 N.A. 91,243 0.91 1998 9,891 74,559 84,450 N.A. 84,450 0.84 1999 7,201 70,713 77,914 N.A. 77,914 0.75 2000 6,430 56,983 63,413 N.A. 63,413 0.60 2001 3,870 44,815 48,685 N.A. 48,685 0.46 2002 p 3,243 38,778 42,021 N.A. 42,021 0.39 N.A. = Not available. p = Preliminary. 1/ Wholesale value of sales by commercial growers with $100,000+ in annual floriculture sales; 36 surveyed States. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

Import share Percent 67.1 69.6 78.1 82.3 87.1 87.1 88.3 90.8 89.9 92.1 92.3

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Table 28--Cut roses: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1992 to date Year Growers 1/ Number Quantity sold 1,000 stems Wholesale price Cents per stem Percent of sales at wholesale Percent Wholesale value of sales through Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets 2/ outlets --1,000 dollars--

All roses: 3/ 1992 357 533,562 32.7 98 171,023 3,490 174,513 1993 338 507,290 32.4 99 162,724 1,644 164,368 1994 309 469,489 31.8 98 146,324 2,986 149,310 1995 276 397,504 31.6 97 121,955 3,772 125,727 1996 255 352,914 33.3 98 114,999 2,347 117,346 1997 232 388,585 31.5 95 116,389 6,126 122,515 1998 201 317,108 32.3 97 99,294 3,071 102,365 1999 173 262,939 33.1 98 85,263 1,740 87,003 2000 108 185,975 37.3 97 67,215 2,079 69,294 2001 94 160,301 37.4 97 58,177 1,799 59,976 2002 p 78 144,113 39.0 97 54,498 1,685 56,183 p = Preliminary. 1/ Includes only commercial growers with $100,000 or more in annual floriculture sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Equals the residual not sold through wholesale outlets. 3/ Equals the sum of hybrid tea and sweetheart roses from 1992 to 1999. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

Table 29--Cut roses: Quantity of production, imports, and consumption, 1992 to date Production and trade Consumption Year Domestic Per U.S. production 1/ Imports Supply Exports Total household --1,000 stems-Stems All roses 2/ 1992 533,562 520,852 1,054,414 N.A. 1,054,414 11 1993 507,290 613,641 1,120,931 N.A. 1,120,931 12 1994 469,489 677,761 1,147,250 N.A. 1,147,250 12 1995 397,504 776,993 1,174,497 N.A. 1,174,497 12 1996 352,914 841,798 1,194,712 N.A. 1,194,712 12 1997 388,585 949,228 1,337,813 N.A. 1,337,813 13 1998 317,108 982,358 1,299,466 N.A. 1,299,466 13 1999 262,939 925,155 1,188,094 N.A. 1,188,094 12 2000 185,975 968,613 1,154,588 N.A. 1,154,588 11 2001 160,301 993,455 1,153,756 N.A. 1,153,756 11 2002 p 144,113 1,014,171 1,158,284 N.A. 1,158,284 11 N.A. = Not available; p = Preliminary. 1/ Quantity sold by commercial growers with $100,000+ in annual floriculture sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Equals the sum of hybrid tea and sweetheart roses from 1992 to 1999. Sources: Floriculture Crops, NASS; FATUS, ERS.

Import share Percent 49.4 54.7 59.1 66.2 70.5 71.0 75.6 77.9 83.9 86.1 87.6

Table 30--Cut roses: Value of production, imports, and consumption, 1992 to date Production and trade Consumption Year Domestic Per U.S. Import production 1/ Imports Supply Exports Total household share --1,000 dollars-Dollars Percent All roses 2/ 1992 174,513 90,442 264,955 N.A. 264,955 2.80 34.1 1993 164,368 107,392 271,760 N.A. 271,760 2.85 39.5 1994 149,310 125,664 274,974 N.A. 274,974 2.87 45.7 1995 125,727 152,141 277,868 N.A. 277,868 2.85 54.8 1996 117,346 178,923 296,269 N.A. 296,269 3.00 60.4 1997 122,515 206,595 329,110 N.A. 329,110 3.29 62.8 1998 102,365 217,517 319,882 N.A. 319,882 3.17 68.0 1999 87,003 201,126 288,129 N.A. 288,129 2.79 69.8 2000 69,294 212,728 282,022 N.A. 282,022 2.67 75.4 2001 59,976 205,688 265,664 N.A. 265,664 2.48 77.4 2002 p 56,183 190,712 246,895 N.A. 246,895 2.31 77.2 N.A. = Not available; p = Preliminary. 1/ Wholesale value of sales by commercial growers with $100,000+ in annual floriculture sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Equals the sum of hybrid tea and sweetheart roses from 1992 to 1999. Sources: Floriculture Crops, NASS; FATUS, ERS.

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Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 * 51

Table 31--Cut chrysanthemums: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1992 to date Percent of Wholesale value of sales through Year Growers Quantity Wholesale sales at Wholesale Retail All 1/ sold price wholesale outlets outlets 2/ outlets Number 1,000 bunches $ per bunch Percent --1,000 dollars-Pompon: 1992 172 15,436 1.16 96 17,252 719 17,971 1993 148 11,025 1.42 96 15,067 628 15,695 1994 142 12,106 1.35 94 15,364 981 16,345 1995 135 13,542 1.26 95 16,225 854 17,079 1996 117 12,003 1.26 96 14,539 606 15,145 1997 108 12,562 1.30 98 16,014 327 16,341 1998 99 12,427 1.35 98 16,491 337 16,828 1999 82 16,315 0.93 94 14,270 911 15,181 2000 86 13,159 1.31 95 16,353 861 17,214 2001 70 12,933 1.30 99 16,663 168 16,831 2002 p 68 13,965 1.32 99 18,312 185 18,497 p = Preliminary. 1/ Includes only commercial growers with $100,000 or more in annual floriculture sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Equals the residual not sold through wholesale outlets. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

Table 32--Cut chrysanthemums: Quantity of production, imports, and consumption, 1992 to date Production and trade Consumption Year Domestic Per U.S. Import production 1/ Imports Supply Exports Total household share --1,000 stems-Stems Percent Pompon: 1992 92,616 157,398 250,014 N.A. 250,014 3 63.0 1993 66,150 187,968 254,118 N.A. 254,118 3 74.0 1994 72,636 557,804 630,440 N.A. 630,440 7 88.5 1995 81,252 591,447 672,699 N.A. 672,699 7 87.9 1996 72,018 611,576 683,594 N.A. 683,594 7 89.5 1997 75,372 537,972 613,344 N.A. 613,344 6 87.7 1998 74,562 560,866 635,428 N.A. 635,428 6 88.3 1999 97,890 482,084 579,974 N.A. 579,974 6 83.1 2000 78,954 518,362 597,316 N.A. 597,316 6 86.8 2001 77,598 491,972 569,570 N.A. 569,570 5 86.4 2002 p 83,790 444,168 527,958 N.A. 527,958 5 84.1 N.A. = Not available; p = Preliminary. 1/ Quantity sold of pompon bunches converted to stems at 6 stems per bunch. Includes only commercial growers with $100,000 or more in annual floriculture sales; 36 surveyed States. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

Table 33--Cut chrysanthemums: Value of production, imports, and consumption, 1992 to date Production and trade Year Domestic production 1/ Imports Supply Exports Total --1,000 dollars-Pompon: 1992 17,971 54,336 72,307 N.A. 72,307 1993 15,695 54,795 70,490 N.A. 70,490 1994 16,323 55,497 71,820 N.A. 71,820 1995 17,079 65,941 83,020 N.A. 83,020 1996 15,145 68,966 84,111 N.A. 84,111 1997 16,341 66,732 83,073 N.A. 83,073 1998 16,828 73,023 89,851 N.A. 89,851 1999 15,181 67,441 82,622 N.A. 82,622 2000 17,214 61,765 78,979 N.A. 78,979 2001 16,831 50,629 67,460 N.A. 67,460 2002 p 18,497 41,586 60,083 N.A. 60,083 N.A. = Not available; p = Preliminary. 1/ Sales value at wholesale for growers with at least $100,000 in annual floriculture sales; 36 surveyed States. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

Consumption Per U.S. household Dollars 0.76 0.74 0.75 0.85 0.85 0.83 0.89 0.80 0.75 0.63 0.56

Import share Percent 75.1 77.7 77.3 79.4 82.0 80.3 81.3 81.6 78.2 75.1 69.2

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Table 34--Other cut flowers: Growers, quantity and value of sales, 1993 to date Percent of Trade Year Growers Quantity Wholesale sales at Sales at Export Import Import 1/ sold price wholesale wholesale value quantity value 1,000 Cents 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 Number units per unit Percent dollars dollars units dollars Gladioli 1993 67 165,683 20.3 100 33,675 N.A. N.A. N.A. 1994 71 190,914 20.7 99 39,520 N.A. N.A. N.A. 1995 69 149,132 24.2 99 36,110 N.A. N.A. N.A. 1996 63 144,941 22.9 99 33,260 N.A. N.A. N.A. 1997 69 154,650 22.5 98 34,861 N.A. N.A. N.A. 1998 63 129,297 25.6 99 33,138 N.A. N.A. N.A. 1999 59 100,457 25.4 97 25,535 N.A. N.A. N.A. 2000 79 127,109 22.3 99 28,339 N.A. N.A. N.A. 2001 66 112,948 21.5 99 24,284 N.A. N.A. N.A. 2002 p 62 126,285 21.1 99 26,708 N.A. N.A. N.A. Orchids 2/ 1993 N.A. 5,360 64.3 97 3,449 N.A. 20,276 4,861 1994 N.A. 5,875 60.8 97 3,574 N.A. 23,208 5,114 1995 N.A. 5,459 64.2 97 3,505 N.A. 21,960 5,383 1996 N.A. 5,168 64.0 98 3,306 N.A. 34,855 5,014 1997 N.A. 5,110 60.0 97 3,068 N.A. 34,130 4,434 1998 N.A. 6,151 59.3 N.A. 3,649 N.A. 46,497 3,824 1999 N.A. 5,707 60.2 N.A. 3,436 N.A. 56,539 3,770 2000 52 11,719 68.9 98 8,071 N.A. 57,706 4,628 2001 50 11,571 74 99 8,563 N.A. 55,525 4,279 2002 p 55 15,053 69.8 91 10,506 N.A. 58,297 4,158 Alstroemeria 2000 75 25,056 23.7 99 5,939 N.A. 115,515 19,356 2001 76 21,253 24.2 98 5,137 N.A. 112,289 23,647 2002 p 64 20,166 25.3 99 5,101 N.A. 125,089 30,155 Delphinium and larkspur 2000 100 43,840 25.0 98 10,955 N.A. N.A. N.A. 2001 96 45,515 24.2 100 11,008 N.A. N.A. N.A. 2002 p 82 41,378 23.0 100 9,501 N.A. N.A. N.A. Gerbera daisy 2000 56 67,520 30.9 97 20,886 N.A. N.A. N.A. 2001 53 72,916 30.6 100 22,317 N.A. N.A. N.A. 2002 p 53 75,931 30.0 100 22,783 N.A. N.A. N.A. Iris 2000 122 79,012 25.8 99 20,395 N.A. N.A. N.A. 2001 122 83,594 23.4 100 19,549 N.A. N.A. N.A. 2002 p 106 77,344 21.0 100 16,226 N.A. N.A. N.A. Lilies 2000 157 81,301 68.8 98 55,975 N.A. 32,463 12,091 2001 153 91,267 66.7 99 60,876 N.A. 32,631 11,977 2002 p 148 93,406 61.8 99 57,712 N.A. 28,825 13,536 Lisianthus 2000 79 15,150 45.5 98 6,891 N.A. N.A. N.A. 2001 73 19,040 44.7 98 8,505 N.A. N.A. N.A. 2002 p 72 14,069 45.4 98 6,394 N.A. N.A. N.A. Snap dragons 2000 169 63,711 30.1 98 19,166 N.A. 4,130 1,606 2001 164 60,939 27.9 98 16,980 N.A. 5,646 2,596 2002 p 147 59,221 28.1 98 16,615 N.A. 5,051 2,446 Tulips 2000 88 77,039 34.7 98 26,760 N.A. N.A. N.A. 2001 92 75,769 35.5 97 26,864 N.A. N.A. N.A. 2002 p 85 89,064 31.8 98 28,317 N.A. N.A. N.A. Other flowers 2000 464 N.A. N.A. 97 133,648 N.A. N.A. N.A. 2001 416 N.A. N.A. 92 133,343 N.A. N.A. N.A. 2002 p 399 N.A. N.A. 90 132,229 N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. = Not available; p = Preliminary. 1/ Includes only commercial growers with $100,000+ in annual floricultural sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Includes only growers and sales from Hawaii before 2000. Sources: Floriculture Crops, NASS; FATUS, ERS.

Total 1,000 dollars 33,675 39,520 36,110 33,260 34,861 33,138 25,535 28,339 24,284 26,708 8,310 8,688 8,888 8,320 7,502 7,473 7,206 12,699 12,842 14,664 25,295 28,784 35,256 10,955 11,008 9,501 20,886 22,317 22,783 20,395 19,549 16,226 68,066 72,853 71,248 6,891 8,505 6,394 20,772 19,576 19,061 26,760 26,864 28,317 133,648 133,343 132,229

Consumption Per U.S. Import household share Dollars 0.35 0.41 0.37 0.34 0.35 0.33 0.25 0.27 0.23 0.25 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.08 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.12 0.12 0.14 0.24 0.27 0.33 0.10 0.10 0.09 0.20 0.21 0.21 0.19 0.18 0.15 0.65 0.68 0.67 0.07 0.08 0.06 0.20 0.18 0.18 0.25 0.25 0.26 1.27 1.25 1.24 Percent N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. 58.5 58.9 60.6 60.3 59.1 51.2 52.3 36.4 33.3 28.4 76.5 82.2 85.5 N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. 17.8 16.4 19.0 N.A. N.A. N.A. 7.7 13.3 12.8 N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.

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Table 35--Other cut flowers: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, Hawaii, 1993 to date Percent of Wholesale value of sales through Year Growers Quantity Wholesale sales at Wholesale Retail All 1/ sold price wholesale outlets outlets 2/ outlets Number 1,000 units Cents per unit Percent --1,000 dollars-Anthuriums 1993 62 10,356 68.9 99 7,064 71 7,135 1994 59 10,608 69.0 99 7,247 73 7,320 1995 67 11,520 61.0 99 6,957 70 7,027 1996 65 10,872 64.9 99 7,036 71 7,056 1997 61 9,096 75.8 98 6,754 138 6,892 1998 75 10,002 63.0 75 4,726 1,575 6,301 1999 68 12,228 55.0 78 5,246 1,480 6,725 2000 64 12,120 60.7 74 5,444 1,913 7,357 2001 61 10,512 56.4 71 4,210 1,719 5,929 2002 p 60 9,072 54.1 89 4,368 540 4,908 Birds of paradise 1993 29 1,380 52.3 99 715 7 722 1994 28 1,296 54.2 98 688 14 702 1995 32 1,428 52.8 100 754 0 754 1996 28 1,224 45.3 100 554 0 554 1997 31 936 51.9 98 476 10 486 1998 24 790 62.7 99 490 5 495 1999 24 1,032 54.8 100 566 0 566 2000 26 1,212 56.9 99 683 7 690 2001 27 1,164 58.1 97 656 20 676 2002 p 22 960 59.7 92 527 46 573 Pink ginger 1993 35 780 62.4 95 463 24 487 1994 38 816 58.6 95 454 24 478 1995 44 1,020 55.3 100 564 0 564 1996 53 912 57.9 91 480 48 528 1997 37 612 63.1 97 374 12 386 1998 59 1,107 47.9 83 440 90 530 1999 47 984 47.2 66 306 158 464 2000 46 972 55.8 83 450 92 542 2001 45 804 57.2 74 340 120 460 2002 p 38 732 63.3 73 338 125 463 Red ginger 1993 45 1,176 43.7 95 488 26 514 1994 42 984 45.8 96 433 18 451 1995 48 1,380 42.8 100 591 0 591 1996 48 1,008 42.3 98 417 9 426 1997 43 984 46.8 96 443 18 461 1998 73 1,707 46.5 79 627 167 794 1999 60 1,884 39.6 66 492 254 746 2000 53 1,644 45.6 70 525 225 750 2001 57 1,680 48.8 65 533 287 820 2002 p 52 1,656 56.5 66 618 318 936 Heliconia 1993 44 720 79.9 98 564 12 575 1994 44 696 81.3 96 543 23 566 1995 48 576 84.5 99 482 5 487 1996 49 516 92.2 93 443 33 476 1997 43 444 93.5 96 398 17 415 1998 65 680 97.6 90 598 66 664 1999 57 864 70.9 87 533 80 613 2000 54 780 86.0 79 530 141 671 2001 53 792 84.9 71 477 195 672 2002 p 47 852 77.7 69 457 205 662 Protea 1993 21 1,260 57.2 97 699 22 721 1994 21 2,080 41.8 99 860 9 869 1995 26 1,845 57.7 99 1,054 11 1,065 1996 30 1,758 69.6 99 1,212 12 1,224 1997 30 1,353 85.7 94 1,090 70 1,160 1998 33 2,996 58.0 91 1,582 156 1,738 1999 31 2,499 66.8 93 1,552 117 1,669 2000 25 1,915 72.7 88 1,225 167 1,392 2001 28 1,342 87.7 85 1,000 177 1,177 2002 p 23 1,337 78.5 90 945 105 1,050 1/ Include only commercial growers with $10,000 or more in annual floricultural sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Value not sold at wholesale outlets. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Table 36--Cut orchids: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, Hawaii, 1992 to date Item Percent of Wholesale sales at and Growers Quantity year 1/ sold price wholesale 1,000 units Cents/unit Percent Number Other cut ginger (not an orchid) 1992 23 1993 17 1994 15 1995 17 1996 26 1997 16 1998 37 1999 26 2000 26 2001 23 2002 p 22 Cymbidium 1999 2000 2001 2002 p Dendrobium sprays 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p Dendrobium blossoms 2/ 1999 2000 2001 2002 p Vanda blossoms 2/ 1999 2000 2001 2002 p Oncidium 1999 2000 2001 2002 p 12 10 10 10 58 46 46 52 41 56 55 49 49 49 51 27 26 27 25 7 7 6 5 31 37 36 31 93 84 72 72 156 168 211 360 336 240 288 537 509 383 389 5,076 5,076 4,810 4,872 4,542 4,418 5,025 4,551 4,083 4,622 5,522 21,704 19,853 23,729 26,395 11,307 13,973 7,896 5,708 565 676 718 714 64 76 86 67 64 55 68 62 64 53 60 63 62 57 54 62 59 63 63 61 58 57 57 57 63 58 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 82 79 82 81 98 100 97 93 98 95 88 90 94 62 60 89 91 87 96 100 97 97 97 98 97 93 95 94 95 93 N.A. 96 95 89 N.A. 74 69 47 99 95 95 98

Wholesale value of sales through Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets outlets --1,000 dollars-58 64 60 45 98 87 127 199 203 79 103 300 287 190 203 3,147 2,886 2,921 2,954 2,708 2,473 2,664 2,478 2,195 2,780 2,999 N.A. 590 695 715 N.A. 372 229 113 458 509 561 564 1 0 2 3 2 5 17 22 13 49 69 37 28 28 8 0 89 90 91 55 76 200 130 140 146 226 N.A. 25 37 88 N.A. 131 103 127 5 27 30 12 42 9 6 28 22 10 47 0 N.A. N.A. N.A. 59 64 62 48 100 92 144 221 216 128 172 337 315 218 211 3,147 2,975 3,011 3,045 2,763 2,549 2,864 2,608 2,335 2,926 3,225 673 615 732 803 396 503 332 240 463 536 590 576 462 474 563 460 543 519 785 28 N.A. N.A. N.A.

Other cut orchids 1992 24 560 83 91 420 1993 28 608 78 98 465 1994 32 799 71 99 557 1995 39 587 78 94 432 1996 36 626 87 96 521 1997 36 692 75 98 509 1998 45 1,126 70 94 738 1999 6 54 52 100 28 2000 N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. 2001 N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. 2002 p N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. = Not available; p = preliminary. 1/ Includes operations having annual floriculture sales of $10,000 or more. 2/ Units sold of dendrobium and vanda individual blossoms are in blooms; other cut flower units are in stems. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Table 37--Cut cultivated greens: Growers, quantity sold, and value of sales, 1992 to date Item Percent of and Growers Quantity Wholesale sales at year 1/ sold price wholesale Number 1,000 bunches Dollars Percent Leatherleaf ferns 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p Other cut greens 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p

Wholesale value of sales through Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets outlets --1,000 dollars--

166 164 149 148 145 167 154 134 131 118 126

78,880 85,239 78,912 74,968 77,982 78,707 72,981 71,928 75,611 63,002 59,807

0.85 0.85 0.86 0.85 0.87 0.82 0.83 0.90 0.88 0.88 0.87

100 99 100 99 100 100 100 99 99 99 99

66,718 71,421 67,544 62,850 67,993 64,373 60,498 63,902 65,583 54,757 51,305

0 721 0 635 0 0 0 645 662 553 518

66,718 72,142 67,544 63,485 67,993 64,373 60,498 64,547 66,245 55,310 51,823

221 218 199 216 222 246 251 217 227 194 212

N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.

N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.

100 100 98 97 97 98 99 90 99 99 98

44,648 43,837 50,669 48,150 48,686 50,775 56,619 55,915 59,324 56,478 57,939

0 0 1,034 1,489 1,506 1,036 572 6,213 599 570 1,182

44,648 43,837 51,703 49,639 50,192 51,811 57,191 62,128 59,923 57,048 59,121

All cut greens 1992 N.A. N.A. N.A. 100 111,366 1993 N.A. N.A. N.A. 99 115,258 1994 N.A. N.A. N.A. 99 118,213 1995 N.A. N.A. N.A. 98 111,000 1996 N.A. N.A. N.A. 99 116,679 1997 N.A. N.A. N.A. 99 115,148 1998 N.A. N.A. N.A. 100 117,117 1999 N.A. N.A. N.A. 95 119,817 2000 N.A. N.A. N.A. 99 124,906 2001 N.A. N.A. N.A. 99 111,234 2002 p N.A. N.A. N.A. 98 109,243 N.A. = Not available; p = Preliminary. 1/ Includes only commercial growers with $100,000 or more in annual floricultural sales; 36 surveyed States. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

0 721 1,034 2,124 1,506 1,036 572 6,858 1,262 1,124 1,701

111,366 115,979 119,247 113,124 118,185 116,184 117,689 126,675 126,168 112,358 110,944

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Table 38--Flowering plants in pots: Value of grower sales at wholesale, by State, 1993 to date 1/ State 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 -- 1,000 dollars -Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Other States 20,545 --1,402 1,983 132,461 6,423 7,244 --91,435 10,627 8,475 --19,970 6,989 9,493 6,546 5,262 3,932 --9,731 8,765 22,918 10,864 3,013 10,474 --------24,677 13,013 29,139 31,646 --35,446 4,197 18,371 28,343 --4,808 --10,205 42,214 4,963 --16,675 8,920 --12,177 ----12,841 --1,160 2,190 137,055 6,988 7,343 --78,187 8,843 8,923 --23,613 5,938 10,547 6,760 5,637 3,670 --6,809 10,186 24,459 10,938 1,867 10,379 --------27,052 11,780 33,190 28,230 --34,600 3,633 18,890 26,900 --4,625 --10,826 31,492 7,468 --18,399 8,890 --12,182 ----12,863 --738 2,203 130,078 10,086 6,728 --80,148 10,064 9,771 --22,413 6,596 11,435 6,181 5,001 3,187 --6,514 11,491 26,177 12,411 2,394 10,685 --------26,777 11,925 31,944 32,767 --35,965 2,780 18,034 26,640 --4,877 --11,688 41,127 8,581 --16,881 12,794 --11,163 ----13,308 --1,062 2,257 139,512 11,531 7,166 --78,164 10,913 12,060 --19,553 6,179 11,175 6,582 4,062 3,492 --5,754 11,765 27,442 11,514 2,831 9,547 --------25,116 13,081 24,234 35,173 --33,122 2,426 17,731 27,798 --8,859 --11,766 39,054 7,326 --22,501 8,804 --11,480 ----9,485 --2,505 3,824 144,701 10,818 6,369 --85,519 10,591 12,846 --29,640 5,880 10,859 6,316 4,742 3,327 --6,403 9,311 26,477 12,305 3,763 10,948 --------26,513 13,685 37,106 37,188 --33,159 3,178 18,602 31,146 --6,908 --12,386 34,597 10,121 --21,318 9,465 --10,868 ----9,528 --3,168 1,661 156,035 9,505 7,319 --76,610 8,248 14,255 --19,073 6,041 14,293 7,266 4,741 3,351 --7,522 9,159 27,621 11,880 3,573 11,404 --------25,794 15,082 35,010 30,249 --25,597 2,760 19,292 38,994 --7,386 --12,124 61,726 9,641 --20,656 9,653 --10,620 -----

1999

2000

2001

2002p

10,362 ------150,806 10,412 9,217 --99,181 8,521 16,795 --23,027 5,508 10,701 7,148 4,485 3,636 --6,843 9,147 27,828 13,273 3,787 11,757 --------25,015 16,179 34,147 34,707 --26,430 2,497 20,764 39,776 --5,442 --12,851 50,799 8,614 --24,136 10,274 --10,589 --4,184

8,673 --2,427 2,059 172,002 10,378 8,863 --86,049 13,717 17,505 --22,787 6,287 11,645 6,857 4,463 2,615 --7,271 9,246 32,363 11,221 4,139 13,614 --------28,562 16,496 37,424 34,332 --27,352 2,637 29,087 39,782 --9,705 --8,352 56,847 11,040 --23,554 9,200 --11,048 -----

10,004 --1,846 1,845 213,163 10,056 11,954 --88,448 9,090 18,869 --26,421 5,300 11,118 7,084 4,827 2,538 --8,417 9,646 29,447 11,868 3,452 10,985 --------28,789 17,786 40,167 36,273 26,112 2,690 28,409 42,571 --8,014 --8,363 37,712 8,379 --23,729 8,596 --10,782 -----

9,213 --1,885 2,433 197,940 9,380 11,461 --95,663 8,459 21,767 --20,638 5,343 10,596 6,805 4,618 2,551 --8,421 9,224 30,660 12,233 3,207 10,967 --------30,826 17,597 47,114 43,665 24,367 2,522 19,547 42,901 --11,540 --8,985 36,301 12,274 --21,176 8,614 --11,541 -----

Total 683,346 662,490 681,107 684,340 722,869 736,837 758,838 799,599 824,750 822,434 - - - = Not available or not released; p = Preliminary. 1/ Wholesale value of sales of growers with at least $100,000 in annual floriculture sales. Sales data are from the 36 surveyed States. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 * 57

Table 39--Potted flowering plants: Wholesale value of production, by plant type, 1985 to date 1/ Florist Finished Spring Year African chrysantheflorist flowering Orchids Easter violets mums 2/ azaleas bulbs 3/ 4/ lilies --1,000 dollars-1985 14,074 70,269 1986 21,181 78,634 1987 27,749 95,079 1988 25,543 94,745 1989 27,185 95,617 1990 26,145 91,769 1991 25,585 88,075 1992 27,232 99,254 1993 24,777 95,564 1994 27,423 93,649 1995 25,086 92,219 1996 23,029 84,726 1997 22,584 82,632 1998 22,672 73,408 1999 24,455 70,923 2000 18,914 81,870 2001 20,034 75,225 2002 p 20,011 76,942 See footnotes at end of next table. 30,000 31,411 37,515 38,190 45,533 54,279 62,150 61,115 59,241 52,662 57,770 43,843 42,186 39,635 43,185 61,709 63,333 52,880 N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. 11,170 11,832 13,800 15,251 16,907 16,550 39,393 46,075 52,147 1,827 2,344 3,516 3,339 4,813 4,046 5,533 5,153 5,870 6,601 7,895 46,993 69,856 64,885 79,398 89,018 102,049 105,641 23,658 25,328 29,983 30,976 33,156 34,247 33,066 34,729 34,180 36,021 36,925 38,012 46,278 37,273 35,990 37,244 37,735 36,864

Florist roses 5/

Poinsettias

Other potted flowering plants

Total potted flowering plants

N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. 13,122 15,145 16,824 17,902 16,259 17,491 27,493 25,645 30,074

109,012 124,176 157,696 155,130 171,347 165,777 173,421 193,484 199,464 207,605 211,437 215,248 227,729 224,441 226,816 246,263 255,323 247,316

72,494 105,653 159,631 159,808 160,576 256,428 298,841 338,608 264,250 214,237 222,798 201,865 198,451 241,357 244,030 197,647 199,331 200,559

291,334 388,727 511,169 507,731 538,227 632,691 686,944 759,575 683,346 662,490 681,107 684,340 722,869 736,837 758,838 799,551 824,750 822,434

Table 40--Potted flowering plants: Quantity sold at wholesale, by plant type, 1985 to date 1/ Florist Finished Spring Year African chrysantheflorist flowering Orchids Easter violets mums 2/ azaleas bulbs 3/ 4/ lilies --1,000 pots--

Florist roses 5/

Poinsettias

Other potted flowering plants

Total potted flowering plants

1985 11,999 26,135 N.A. N.A. 556 6,515 N.A. 33,367 1986 20,257 26,480 7,085 N.A. 675 6,921 N.A. 36,674 1987 24,321 33,064 8,619 N.A. 936 8,097 N.A. 44,633 1988 23,807 33,343 8,339 N.A. 894 8,041 N.A. 43,137 1989 22,972 32,403 10,316 N.A. 1,248 8,610 N.A. 47,681 1990 22,003 29,840 13,647 N.A. 1,175 8,893 N.A. 47,494 1991 22,443 29,908 14,675 N.A. 1,614 8,461 N.A. 49,271 1992 23,061 33,271 14,693 N.A. 1,378 8,989 N.A. 55,554 1993 22,729 32,134 14,143 N.A. 1,541 8,640 N.A. 56,504 1994 24,684 31,287 15,598 5,223 1,743 9,081 4,476 57,895 1995 22,073 32,000 16,044 5,261 2,257 9,230 5,105 58,177 1996 20,952 28,730 11,818 6,102 8,592 9,581 5,643 59,692 1997 20,074 27,107 12,934 6,478 9,581 12,352 5,896 62,445 1998 19,493 24,934 9,938 6,937 8,606 9,430 5,257 61,908 1999 20,904 24,113 9,925 6,783 10,500 9,109 5,808 63,489 2000 16,300 28,375 14,912 15,183 9,694 9,143 11,628 66,388 2001 16,094 25,177 13,961 17,877 12,200 9,450 10,329 66,966 2002 p 15,682 26,035 12,176 19,439 12,714 9,092 9,747 65,418 N.A. = Not available; p = Preliminary. 1/ Wholesale value of sales by commercial growers with $100,000+ in annual floriculture sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Excludes hardy and garden chrysanthemums. 3/ Cyclamen, from 1994 to 1999. 4/ Potted other lilies, through 1995. 5/ Kalanchoe, from 1994 to 1999. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

29,008 46,660 62,089 62,008 60,052 83,134 99,211 117,327 106,190 76,455 83,531 91,706 85,468 93,457 97,284 73,673 66,948 66,107

107,580 144,752 181,759 179,569 183,282 206,186 225,583 254,273 241,881 226,442 233,678 242,816 242,335 239,960 247,915 245,296 239,002 236,410

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Table 41--Potted African violets: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1992 to date Quantity sold Percent Wholesale price Year Growers Under 5 inches sales at Under 5 inches 1/ 5 inches or more Total wholesale 5 inches or more Number --1,000 pots-Percent --Dollars per pot-1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p 292 270 243 234 223 210 191 174 193 192 174 22,625 22,492 23,963 21,366 20,683 19,736 19,277 20,678 16,041 15,834 15,463 436 237 721 707 269 338 216 226 259 260 219 23,061 22,729 24,684 22,073 20,952 20,074 19,493 20,904 16,300 16,094 15,682 97 98 98 99 99 99 97 97 96 99 99 1.13 1.07 1.06 1.08 1.06 1.09 1.14 1.15 1.12 1.21 1.24 3.50 3.46 2.77 2.74 3.79 3.23 3.20 3.18 3.57 3.52 3.95

All

Wholesale value of sales Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets 2/ outlets --1,000 dollars-26,415 24,281 26,875 24,835 22,799 22,358 21,992 23,721 18,157 19,834 19,811 817 496 548 251 230 226 680 734 757 200 200 27,232 24,777 27,423 25,086 23,029 22,584 22,672 24,455 18,914 20,034 20,011

1.18 1.09 1.11 1.14 1.10 1.13 1.16 1.17 1.16 1.24 1.28

See footnotes and data source at bottom table.

Table 42--Potted finished florist azaleas: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1992 to date Quantity sold Percent Wholesale price Year Growers Under 5 inches sales at Under 5 inches 1/ 5 inches or more Total wholesale 5 inches or more Number --1,000 pots-Percent --Dollars per pot-1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p 695 643 602 562 546 492 451 422 454 422 417 4,149 3,154 6,172 6,371 3,251 3,350 2,714 2,718 4,893 3,987 3,109 10,544 10,989 9,426 9,673 8,567 9,584 7,224 7,207 10,019 9,974 9,067 14,693 14,143 15,598 16,044 11,818 12,934 9,938 9,925 14,912 13,961 12,176 97 98 97 98 97 98 98 95 99 96 95 1.45 1.66 1.53 1.65 1.77 1.82 2.04 1.95 2.08 2.58 2.72 5.23 4.92 4.58 4.88 4.45 3.77 4.72 5.26 5.14 5.32 4.90

All

Wholesale value of sales Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets 2/ outlets --1,000 dollars-59,282 58,056 51,082 56,615 42,528 41,342 38,842 41,026 61,092 60,800 50,236 1,833 1,185 1,580 1,155 1,315 844 793 2,159 617 2,533 2,644 61,115 59,241 52,662 57,770 43,843 42,186 39,635 43,185 61,709 63,333 52,880

4.16 4.19 3.38 3.60 3.71 3.26 3.99 4.35 4.14 4.54 4.34

p = Preliminary. 1/ Includes only commercial growers with $100,000 or more in annual floriculture sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Equals the residual amount not sold through wholesale outlets. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Table 43--Potted florist chrysanthemums: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1992 to date Percent Wholesale price Quantity sold 5 inches sales at Under 5 inches Year Growers Under 1/ 5 inches or more Total wholesale 5 inches or more --1,000 pots-Percent --Dollars per pot-Number 1992 791 8,448 24,823 1993 768 8,995 23,139 1994 706 9,300 21,987 1995 707 10,358 21,642 1996 686 8,905 19,825 1997 612 7,779 19,328 1998 537 7,207 17,727 1999 521 6,895 17,218 2000 563 8,531 19,844 2001 543 6,585 18,592 494 6,760 19,275 2002p See footnotes and data source at bottom table. 33,271 32,134 31,287 32,000 28,730 27,107 24,934 24,113 28,375 25,177 26,035 98 98 98 96 98 98 99 98 98 97 96 1.37 1.37 1.44 1.47 1.42 1.49 1.53 1.51 1.49 1.56 1.59 3.54 3.60 3.65 3.56 3.64 3.68 3.52 3.51 3.48 3.49 3.44

All

Wholesale value of sales Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets 2/ outlets --1,000 dollars-97,269 93,653 91,776 88,530 83,031 80,979 72,674 69,505 80,233 72,968 73,864 1,985 1,911 1,873 3,689 1,695 1,653 734 1,418 1,637 2,257 3,078 99,254 95,564 93,649 92,219 84,726 82,632 73,408 70,923 81,870 75,225 76,942

2.98 2.97 2.99 2.88 2.95 3.05 2.94 2.94 2.89 2.99 2.96

Table 44--Potted Easter lilies: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1992 to date Percent Wholesale price Quantity sold Year Growers Under 5 inches sales at Under 5 inches 1/ Number 5 inches or more --1,000 pots-Total wholesale Percent 94 94 95 95 95 96 93 94 94 96 96 5 inches or more --Dollars per pot-1.97 N.A. N.A. 2.97 2.88 2.72 2.79 2.31 3.21 3.07 2.86 3.87 3.96 3.97 4.00 3.99 3.76 3.95 3.95 4.09 4.01 4.09 All

Wholesale value of sales Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets 2/ outlets --1,000 dollars-2,084 2,051 1,801 1,846 1,901 1,851 2,609 2,159 2,235 1,509 1,475 34,729 34,180 36,021 36,925 38,012 46,278 37,273 35,990 37,244 37,735 36,864

1992 909 38 8,951 8,989 1993 905 0 8,640 8,640 1994 892 0 9,081 9,081 1995 890 37 9,193 9,230 1996 900 182 9,399 9,581 1997 851 177 12,175 12,352 1998 793 16 9,414 9,430 1999 771 13 9,096 9,109 2000 782 142 9,001 9,143 2001 736 214 9,236 9,450 684 238 8,854 9,092 2002p See footnotes and data source at bottom table.

3.86 3.96 3.97 4.00 3.97 3.75 3.95 3.95 4.07 3.99 4.05

32,645 32,129 34,220 35,079 36,111 44,427 34,664 33,831 35,009 36,226 35,389

Table 45--Potted orchids: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1996 to date 3/ Percent Wholesale price Quantity sold 5 inches sales at Under 5 inches Year Growers Under 1/ 5 inches or more Total wholesale 5 inches or more --1,000 pots-Percent --Dollars per pot-Number

All

Wholesale value of sales Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets 2/ outlets --1,000 dollars-40,884 60,775 53,206 61,136 76,555 88,783 96,133 6,109 9,081 11,679 18,262 12,463 13,266 9,508 46,993 69,856 64,885 79,398 89,018 102,049 105,641

1996 175 5,212 3,380 8,592 87 4.00 7.74 5.47 1997 210 4,134 5,447 9,581 87 5.93 8.32 7.29 1998 210 3,510 5,096 8,606 82 6.00 8.60 7.54 1999 203 4,805 5,695 10,500 77 5.51 9.29 7.56 2000 238 4,791 4,903 9,694 86 6.57 11.74 9.18 2001 255 6,992 5,208 12,200 87 6.17 11.31 8.36 239 7,868 4,846 12,714 91 6.30 11.56 8.31 2002p N.A. = Not available; p = preliminary. 1/ Includes only commercial growers with $100,000 or more in annual floricultural sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Equals the residual amount not sold through wholesale outlets. 3/ Survey data on U.S. orchids started in 1996. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Table 46--Potted poinsettias: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1992 to date Percent Wholesale price Quantity sold 5 inches sales at Under 5 inches Year Growers Under 1/ 5 inches or more Total wholesale 5 inches or more --1,000 pots-Percent --Dollars per pot-Number 1992 2,132 12,496 1993 2,094 11,349 1994 2,098 11,686 1995 2,049 12,407 1996 2,063 12,819 1997 2,047 13,446 1998 1,915 14,915 1999 1,854 12,839 2000 1,837 15,457 2001 1,749 14,682 1,688 15,061 2002 p See footnotes at bottom table. 43,058 45,155 46,209 45,770 46,873 48,999 46,993 48,848 50,931 52,284 50,357 55,554 56,504 57,895 58,177 59,692 62,445 61,908 61,687 66,388 66,966 65,418 92 92 93 92 93 92 92 93 93 92 93 1.83 1.90 1.76 1.90 1.92 1.85 1.87 1.86 1.81 1.84 1.90 3.96 3.94 4.05 4.10 4.07 4.14 4.18 4.15 4.28 4.37 4.34

All 3.48 3.53 3.59 3.63 3.61 3.65 3.63 3.68 3.71 3.81 3.78

Wholesale value of sales Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets 2/ outlets --1,000 dollars-178,005 183,507 193,073 194,522 200,181 209,511 206,486 210,939 229,025 234,897 230,004 15,479 15,957 14,532 16,915 15,067 18,218 17,955 15,877 17,238 20,426 17,312 193,484 199,464 207,605 211,437 215,248 227,729 224,441 226,816 246,263 255,323 247,316

Table 47--Other potted flowering plants: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1992 to date Percent Wholesale price Quantity sold 5 inches sales at Under 5 inches Year Growers Under 1/ 5 inches or more Total wholesale 5 inches or more --1,000 pots-Percent --Dollars per pot-Number Florist roses 2000 2001 2002 p 159 177 183 9,404 7,257 6,097 6,393 7,517 7,152 2,224 3,072 3,650 8,790 10,360 12,287 11,628 10,329 9,747 15,183 17,877 19,439 86 96 99 96 97 97 1.85 1.91 2.24 1.58 1.50 1.59 4.53 3.83 4.49 3.33 3.36 3.32

All

Wholesale value of sales Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets 2/ outlets --1,000 dollars-23,644 24,619 29,773 37,817 44,693 50,583 321,678 251,038 203,525 211,658 195,809 190,513 229,289 236,709 187,765 193,351 194,542 3,849 1,026 301 1,576 1,382 1,564 16,930 13,213 10,712 11,140 6,056 7,938 12,068 7,321 9,882 5,980 6,017 27,493 25,645 30,074 39,393 46,075 52,147 338,608 264,250 214,237 222,798 201,865 198,451 241,357 244,030 197,647 199,331 200,559

2.36 2.48 3.09 2.59 2.58 2.68

Spring bulbs 2000 614 2001 686 667 2002 p

Other plants 1992 1,419 67,932 49,395 117,327 95 2.00 4.10 2.89 1993 1,406 50,375 55,815 106,190 95 1.48 3.40 2.49 1994 1,301 37,205 39,250 76,455 95 1.77 3.78 2.80 1995 1,317 45,951 37,580 83,531 95 1.61 3.97 2.67 1996 1,321 52,440 39,266 91,706 97 1.30 3.41 2.20 1997 1,260 47,538 37,930 85,468 96 1.32 3.58 2.32 1998 1,421 53,219 40,238 93,457 95 1.71 3.74 2.58 1999 1,164 53,252 44,032 97,284 97 1.60 3.61 2.51 2000 1,045 33,132 36,219 69,351 95 1.69 3.91 2.85 2001 954 34,770 32,178 66,948 97 1.89 4.16 2.98 892 35,672 30,435 66,107 97 1.92 4.34 3.03 2002 p N.A. = Not available; p = preliminary. 1/ Includes only commercial growers with $100,000 or more in annual floriculture sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Equals the residual amount not sold through wholesale outlets. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Table 48--Potted dendrobium orchids: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, Hawaii, 1992 to date 1/ Percent Wholesale value of sales through Year Growers Quantity sales at Wholesale Wholesale Retail All price outlets outlets 2/ outlets sold wholesale Number 1,000 pots Percent $ per pot --1,000 dollars-51 597 1992 44 653 1993 45 618 1994 51 761 1995 55 1,025 1996 62 1,248 1997 62 1,021 1998 69 815 1999 68 941 2000 70 1,035 2001 67 1,227 2002 p See footnotes and data source at bottom table. 90 97 97 98 98 93 93 88 95 96 93 5.47 5.44 5.67 5.43 4.48 4.48 5.53 6.27 5.94 5.81 5.39 2,939 3,445 3,399 4,049 4,500 5,200 5,251 4,497 5,311 5,772 6,151 327 107 105 83 92 391 395 613 280 241 463 3,265 3,552 3,504 4,132 4,592 5,591 5,646 5,110 5,590 6,013 6,614

Table 49--Potted other orchids: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, Hawaii, 1992 to date 1/ Percent Wholesale value of sales through Year Growers Quantity sales at Wholesale Wholesale Retail All sold wholesale price outlets outlets 2/ outlets Number 1,000 pots Percent $ per pot --1,000 dollars-Phalaenopsis 1999 2000 2001 2002 p 21 24 29 26 205 143 161 123 907 653 698 1,127 1,690 1,586 1,171 1,548 1,561 2,148 2,220 67 75 80 82 88 93 90 77 74 87 78 93 72 82 82 5.70 7.20 6.56 6.65 4.40 6.78 5.93 4.63 4.40 4.13 5.12 4.47 4.64 4.26 4.54 783 773 844 671 3,510 4,116 3,725 4,018 5,503 5,699 4,677 6,436 5,215 7,503 8,265 386 258 211 147 479 310 414 1,200 1,933 852 1,319 484 2,028 1,647 1,814 1,169 1,030 1,055 818 3,989 4,426 4,139 5,218 7,436 6,550 5,996 6,920 7,243 9,150 10,079

Other potted orchids 48 1992 45 1993 45 1994 55 1995 60 1996 57 1997 59 1998 60 1999 75 2000 80 2001 79 2002 p p = Preliminary.

1/ Includes operations of $10,000 or more in annual floriculture sales. 2/ Equals the residual amount not sold through wholesale outlets. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Table 50--Foliage plants in pots: Value of grower sales at wholesale, by State, 1993 to date 1/ State 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1,000 dollars Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Other States 2,252 --2,905 578 77,040 1,471 2,782 --224,803 2,597 13,384 --2,473 2,198 2,035 1,978 511 3,864 --391 1,599 3,072 964 436 2,424 --------4,899 1,270 3,258 8,046 --9,518 1,182 796 5,248 --679 --1,053 23,900 2,661 --1,863 2,091 --828 ----2,209 --2,883 246 86,634 1,501 2,439 --296,058 3,175 11,639 --1,233 1,885 1,415 2,454 646 2,761 --497 1,257 3,587 1,388 435 2,350 --------5,368 1,503 2,451 5,816 --9,160 1,133 787 5,154 --818 --861 23,693 1,707 --1,846 1,633 --684 ----1,716 --1,597 309 86,396 1,920 2,798 --309,121 2,429 10,035 --2,691 2,586 1,583 2,301 482 2,755 --317 3,531 3,767 1,318 233 2,097 --------4,634 1,530 2,165 4,461 --9,946 874 784 3,665 --1,422 --1,205 22,093 2,033 --1,739 1,458 --978 ----1,448 --1,005 225 72,514 1,378 2,346 --329,580 2,191 13,067 --1,593 1,350 1,363 1,201 576 2,270 --196 3,310 3,712 1,212 327 2,765 --------5,925 1,404 1,636 6,892 --9,599 965 714 7,052 --748 --1,210 22,614 2,386 --1,756 1,512 --905 ----1,658 --2,429 286 86,811 979 1,071 --305,603 1,770 11,160 --1,384 1,884 1,359 1,598 1,712 2,969 --1,073 3,726 3,313 1,338 488 2,103 --------6,722 2,058 1,919 6,272 --8,342 382 687 4,123 --1,348 --1,425 24,314 1,512 --3,576 1,959 --611 ----1,972 --2,363 765 87,819 1,645 584 --311,104 1,281 13,217 --1,486 2,055 1,832 1,379 1,383 2,060 --710 3,321 3,056 1,252 357 1,955 --------7,510 3,783 2,185 7,816 --3,728 190 558 3,375 --848 --1,068 24,896 845 --1,701 2,089 --313 -----

1999

2000

2001

2002p

3,124 --2,436 198 93,764 2,039 743 --312,057 2,163 13,141 --3,637 2,148 1,459 1,427 1,294 2,376 ----7,418 2,996 1,298 686 2,192 --------3,258 2,728 2,257 7,240 --4,543 612 --3,062 --903 --983 19,458 5,544 --1,525 2,114 --389 --787

2,475 --2,385 176 104,856 779 786 --346,946 1,721 16,153 --1,993 2,514 2,146 2,942 1,205 3,293 --467 3,644 3,601 1,737 439 3,783 --------3,822 2,269 3,701 8,373 --4,537 949 370 2,652 --2,170 --963 20,132 2,282 --1,029 2,425 --477 -----

2,044 --2,021 287 96,613 546 1,356 --439,698 1,812 18,381 --3,114 2,048 2,328 290 1,691 4,336 --371 3,450 3,531 1,825 576 3,819 --------5,552 4,732 2,466 8,673 --6,292 905 1,297 3,394 --1,122 --882 16,637 4,165 --926 1,776 --1,634 -----

1,605 --2,194 735 90,412 520 1,728 --459,693 3,308 14,250 --2,220 1,325 2,311 226 1,806 4,832 --191 4,051 3,644 1,670 1,041 3,330 --------5,754 4,296 3,778 6,353 --6,248 741 2,031 4,242 --1,417 --825 18,032 3,963 --1,316 1,481 --1,483 ----663,052

Total 417,049 489,306 498,969 508,947 499,964 502,501 511,999 560,192 650,590 - - - = Not available; p = preliminary. 1/ Wholesale value of sales of growers with at least $100,000 in annual floriculture sales; includes foliage plants in pots and hanging pots (baskets). Sales data are from the 36 surveyed States. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Table 51--Potted foliage: Growers and value of sales at wholesale, 1992 to date 1/ Percent of Wholesale value of sales through Year Growers sales at Wholesale Retail All wholesale outlets outlets 3/ outlets 2/ Percent --1,000 dollars-Number 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p 1,321 1,201 1,191 1,172 1,143 1,230 1,216 1,091 1,030 982 938 87 95 97 97 97 96 89 90 99 86 89 305,296 333,052 388,225 401,159 419,987 404,542 388,256 389,279 467,358 489,054 512,854 45,619 17,529 12,007 12,407 12,989 16,856 47,987 43,253 4,721 79,614 63,387 350,915 350,581 400,232 413,566 432,976 421,398 436,243 432,532 472,079 568,668 576,241

p = Preliminary. 1/ Foliage plants in pots are finished plants intended for indoor or patio use only. 2/ Includes commercial growers with $100,000 or more in annual floricultural sales; 36 surveyed States. 3/ Equals the residual amount not sold to wholesale outlets. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

Table 52--Potted foliage: Value of sales at wholesale and per U.S. household sales, 1992 to date 1/ Potted foliage Hanging baskets Total foliage Sales per Sales per All Sales per Year Sales household Sales household sales household 2/ 1,000 dollars Dollars 1,000 dollars Dollars 1,000 dollars Dollars 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p 350,915 350,581 400,232 413,566 432,976 421,398 436,243 432,532 472,079 568,668 576,241 3.71 3.68 4.17 4.25 4.39 4.22 4.32 4.19 4.48 5.32 5.33 76,094 66,468 89,074 85,403 75,971 78,566 66,258 79,467 88,113 81,922 86,811 0.80 0.70 0.93 0.88 0.77 0.79 0.66 0.77 0.84 0.77 0.80 427,009 417,049 489,306 498,969 508,947 499,964 502,501 511,999 560,192 650,590 663,052 4.51 4.37 5.10 5.13 5.16 5.01 4.97 4.96 5.31 6.08 6.14

p = Preliminary. 1/ Foliage plants in pots and hanging baskets are not intended for landscape use. Includes only growers with $100,000+ in annual floricultural sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Sales per U.S. household were estimated to reflect growers' sales as national, not only local or regional. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS; U.S. Census Bureau.

Table 53--Foliage in hanging baskets: Growers, quantity, and value of sales at wholesale, 1992 to date 1/ Hanging Price Percent of Wholesale value of sales through sales at Wholesale Retail All Year Growers baskets per sold basket wholesale outlets outlets 3/ outlets 2/ 1,000 units Dollars Percent --1,000 dollars-Number 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p 1,673 1,587 1,273 1,187 1,184 1,219 883 1,055 1,114 1,119 1,138 20,007 17,196 24,095 22,725 19,736 20,066 15,993 20,630 20,983 21,292 20,514 3.80 3.86 3.70 3.76 3.85 3.92 4.14 3.85 4.20 3.85 4.23 97 97 97 95 97 95 96 98 96 98 97 73,811 64,474 86,402 81,133 73,692 74,638 63,608 77,878 84,588 80,284 84,207 2,283 1,994 2,672 4,270 2,279 3,928 2,650 1,589 3,525 1,638 2,604 76,094 66,468 89,074 85,403 75,971 78,566 66,258 79,467 88,113 81,922 86,811

p = Preliminary. 1/ Most foliage in hanging baskets are sold in pots with wires or rope for hanging. 2/ Includes only commercial growers with $100,000 or more in annual floricultural sales; 36 surveyed States. 3/ Equals the residual amount not sold to wholesale outlets. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Table 54--Potted herbaceous perennials: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1992 to date Percent Wholesale price Quantity sold 5 inches Year Growers Under 5 inches sales at Under 1/ 5 inches or more Total wholesale 5 inches or more Average --1,000 pots-Percent --Dollars per pot-Number Hardy and garden chrysanthemums 1992 1,750 16,413 20,712 1993 1,764 13,347 25,694 1994 1,754 13,574 25,473 1995 1,781 13,761 29,545 1996 1,864 13,001 32,588 1997 1,989 12,686 36,067 1998 1,895 14,965 42,505 1999 1,856 14,606 46,755 2000 1,773 20,120 46,227 2001 1,776 15,109 45,442 2002 p 1,788 11,544 54,049 Hosta 2000 1,059 N.A. N.A. 2001 1,211 N.A. N.A. 2002 p 1,260 N.A. N.A. Other herbaceous perennials 2000 1,461 N.A. N.A. 2001 1,696 N.A. N.A. 2002 p 1,721 N.A. N.A. See footnotes at bottom table. Table 55--Potted geraniums from cuttings: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1992 to date Percent Wholesale price Quantity sold 5 inches Year Growers Under 5 inches sales at Under 1/ 5 inches or more Total wholesale 5 inches or more Average --1,000 pots-Percent --Dollars per pot-Number 1992 2,104 42,206 1993 2,096 41,584 1994 2,112 45,086 1995 2,182 49,726 1996 2,259 40,770 1997 2,360 40,620 1998 2,482 47,855 1999 2,261 45,221 2000 2,281 44,004 2001 2,287 42,033 2002 p 2,236 40,495 See footnotes at bottom table. 11,168 11,265 10,351 15,902 15,287 15,190 17,374 17,099 18,423 18,126 17,998 53,374 52,849 55,437 65,628 56,057 55,810 65,229 62,320 62,427 60,159 58,493 79 78 78 82 80 76 78 78 79 79 81 1.26 1.29 1.29 1.24 1.30 1.41 1.37 1.39 1.41 1.47 1.49 2.46 2.62 2.71 2.64 2.57 2.61 2.57 2.76 2.62 2.79 2.85 1.51 1.57 1.55 1.58 1.65 1.74 1.69 1.77 1.77 1.87 1.91 37,125 39,041 39,047 43,306 45,589 48,753 57,470 61,361 66,347 60,551 65,593 10,923 11,391 11,001 127,080 159,246 182,147 91 90 90 90 91 89 89 91 92 92 93 90 88 89 87 87 90 0.84 0.81 0.83 0.80 0.82 0.89 0.89 0.89 1.04 1.15 1.02 N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. 1.84 1.75 1.83 1.83 1.79 1.86 1.89 1.94 1.85 1.88 1.94 N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. 1.39 1.43 1.48 1.50 1.52 1.61 1.63 1.69 1.60 1.70 1.77 N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A.

Wholesale value of sales through Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets 2/ outlets --1,000 dollars-47,016 50,171 52,131 58,501 62,861 69,701 83,470 94,243 97,906 94,674 108,243 32,287 34,984 33,670 253,783 307,171 375,034 4,650 5,575 5,792 6,500 6,217 8,615 10,317 9,321 8,514 8,233 8,147 3,587 4,771 4,162 37,922 45,899 41,670 51,666 55,745 57,923 65,001 69,078 78,316 93,787 103,564 106,420 102,907 116,390 35,874 39,755 37,832 291,705 353,070 416,704

Wholesale value of sales through Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets 2/ outlets --1,000 dollars-63,736 64,770 67,128 84,927 73,966 73,813 86,132 86,027 87,076 88,809 90,468 16,942 18,268 18,933 18,642 18,491 23,310 24,294 24,264 23,147 23,608 21,221 80,678 83,038 86,061 103,569 92,457 97,123 110,425 110,291 110,223 112,417 111,689

Table 56--Potted geraniums from seed: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1992 to date Percent Wholesale price Quantity sold 5 inches Year Growers Under 5 inches sales at Under 1/ 5 inches or more Total wholesale 5 inches or more Average --1,000 pots-Percent --Dollars per pot-Number 1992 1,033 45,542 1,882 47,424 92 0.80 2.44 0.87 1993 1,023 47,211 2,079 49,290 92 0.77 2.08 0.83 1994 1,018 48,612 2,107 50,719 91 0.80 2.24 0.86 1995 960 46,913 2,377 49,290 92 0.80 1.84 0.85 1996 919 42,339 2,184 44,523 92 0.82 1.91 0.87 1997 954 44,198 3,781 47,979 93 0.80 1.90 0.89 1998 957 42,564 2,173 44,737 92 0.80 1.82 0.85 1999 841 42,550 2,149 44,699 93 0.79 1.87 0.85 2000 815 46,677 1,452 48,129 93 0.83 2.07 0.87 2001 757 43,675 379 44,054 93 0.84 3.58 0.86 2002 p 716 41,677 1,098 42,775 93 0.87 1.98 0.90 N.A. = Not available; p = preliminary. 1/ Includes only commercial growers with $100,000 or more in annual floricultural sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Equals the residual amount not sold through wholesale outlets. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

Wholesale value of sales through Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets 2/ outlets --1,000 dollars-37,836 37,497 39,631 38,672 35,734 39,688 34,858 35,188 38,827 35,227 35,700 3,290 3,261 3,920 3,363 3,107 2,987 3,031 2,649 2,922 2,652 2,687 41,126 40,758 43,551 42,035 38,841 42,675 37,889 37,837 41,749 37,879 38,387

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Table 57--Potted herbaceous perennials: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1992 to date Percent Wholesale price Quantity sold 5 inches Year Growers Under 5 inches sales at Under 1/ 5 inches or more Total wholesale 5 inches or more Average --1,000 pots-Percent --Dollars per pot-Number Hardy and garden chrysanthemums 1992 1,750 16,413 20,712 1993 1,764 13,347 25,694 1994 1,754 13,574 25,473 1995 1,781 13,761 29,545 1996 1,864 13,001 32,588 1997 1,989 12,686 36,067 1998 1,895 14,965 42,505 1999 1,856 14,606 46,755 2000 1,773 20,120 46,227 2001 1,776 15,109 45,442 2002 p 1,788 11,544 54,049 Hosta 2000 2001 2002 p 2000 2001 2002 p 1,059 1,211 1,260 1,461 1,696 1,721 N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. 10,923 11,391 11,001 127,080 159,246 182,147 90 88 89 87 87 90 N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. N.A. 37,125 39,041 39,047 43,306 45,589 48,753 57,470 61,361 66,347 60,551 65,593 91 90 90 90 91 89 89 91 92 92 93 0.84 0.81 0.83 0.80 0.82 0.89 0.89 0.89 1.04 1.15 1.02 1.84 1.75 1.83 1.83 1.79 1.86 1.89 1.94 1.85 1.88 1.94 1.39 1.43 1.48 1.50 1.52 1.61 1.63 1.69 1.60 1.70 1.77

Wholesale value of sales through Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets 2/ outlets --1,000 dollars-47,016 50,171 52,131 58,501 62,861 69,701 83,470 94,243 97,906 94,674 108,243 32,287 34,984 33,670 253,783 307,171 375,034 4,650 5,575 5,792 6,500 6,217 8,615 10,317 9,321 8,514 8,233 8,147 3,587 4,771 4,162 37,922 45,899 41,670 51,666 55,745 57,923 65,001 69,078 78,316 93,787 103,564 106,420 102,907 116,390 35,874 39,755 37,832 291,705 353,070 416,704

Other herbaceous perennials

See footnotes at bottom table. Table 58--Potted geraniums from cuttings: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1992 to date Percent Wholesale price Quantity sold 5 inches Year Growers Under 5 inches sales at Under 1/ 5 inches or more Total wholesale 5 inches or more Average --1,000 pots-Percent --Dollars per pot-Number 1992 2,104 42,206 1993 2,096 41,584 1994 2,112 45,086 1995 2,182 49,726 1996 2,259 40,770 1997 2,360 40,620 1998 2,482 47,855 1999 2,261 45,221 2000 2,281 44,004 2001 2,287 42,033 2002 p 2,236 40,495 See footnotes at bottom table. 11,168 11,265 10,351 15,902 15,287 15,190 17,374 17,099 18,423 18,126 17,998 53,374 52,849 55,437 65,628 56,057 55,810 65,229 62,320 62,427 60,159 58,493 79 78 78 82 80 76 78 78 79 79 81 1.26 1.29 1.29 1.24 1.30 1.41 1.37 1.39 1.41 1.47 1.49 2.46 2.62 2.71 2.64 2.57 2.61 2.57 2.76 2.62 2.79 2.85 1.51 1.57 1.55 1.58 1.65 1.74 1.69 1.77 1.77 1.87 1.91

Wholesale value of sales through Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets 2/ outlets --1,000 dollars-63,736 64,770 67,128 84,927 73,966 73,813 86,132 86,027 87,076 88,809 90,468 16,942 18,268 18,933 18,642 18,491 23,310 24,294 24,264 23,147 23,608 21,221 80,678 83,038 86,061 103,569 92,457 97,123 110,425 110,291 110,223 112,417 111,689

Table 59--Potted geraniums from seed: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1992 to date Percent Wholesale price Quantity sold 5 inches Year Growers Under 5 inches sales at Under 1/ 5 inches or more Total wholesale 5 inches or more Average --1,000 pots-Percent --Dollars per pot-Number 1992 1,033 45,542 1,882 47,424 92 0.80 2.44 0.87 1993 1,023 47,211 2,079 49,290 92 0.77 2.08 0.83 1994 1,018 48,612 2,107 50,719 91 0.80 2.24 0.86 1995 960 46,913 2,377 49,290 92 0.80 1.84 0.85 1996 919 42,339 2,184 44,523 92 0.82 1.91 0.87 1997 954 44,198 3,781 47,979 93 0.80 1.90 0.89 1998 957 42,564 2,173 44,737 92 0.80 1.82 0.85 1999 841 42,550 2,149 44,699 93 0.79 1.87 0.85 2000 815 46,677 1,452 48,129 93 0.83 2.07 0.87 2001 757 43,675 379 44,054 93 0.84 3.58 0.86 2002 p 716 41,677 1,098 42,775 93 0.87 1.98 0.90 N.A. = Not available; p = preliminary. 1/ Includes only commercial growers with $100,000 or more in annual floricultural sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Equals the residual amount not sold through wholesale outlets. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

Wholesale value of sales through Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets 2/ outlets --1,000 dollars-37,836 37,497 39,631 38,672 35,734 39,688 34,858 35,188 38,827 35,227 35,700 3,290 3,261 3,920 3,363 3,107 2,987 3,031 2,649 2,922 2,652 2,687 41,126 40,758 43,551 42,035 38,841 42,675 37,889 37,837 41,749 37,879 38,387

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Table 60--Potted impatiens: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1994 to date Quantity sold Percent Wholesale price Year Growers Under 5 inches sales at Under 5 inches 1/ 5 inches or more Total wholesale 5 inches or more Number --1,000 pots-Percent --Dollars per pot-584 21,820 1994 668 21,916 1995 749 20,098 1996 861 20,791 1997 909 21,033 1998 851 24,730 1999 851 23,903 2000 871 26,839 2001 854 23,278 2002 p See footnotes at bottom table. 1,721 2,334 2,513 3,211 4,137 4,926 5,791 4,340 4,108 23,541 24,250 22,611 24,002 25,170 29,656 29,694 31,179 27,386 95 94 94 91 92 93 93 94 93 0.57 0.64 0.64 0.63 0.65 0.64 0.67 0.71 0.72 1.45 1.57 1.54 1.53 1.57 1.41 1.46 1.76 1.72

All

Wholesale value of sales through Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets 2/ outlets --1,000 dollars-14,130 16,530 15,818 16,473 18,472 21,238 22,760 25,132 22,272 744 1,055 1,010 1,629 1,606 1,599 1,713 1,604 1,676 14,874 17,585 16,828 18,102 20,078 22,837 24,473 26,736 23,948

0.63 0.73 0.74 0.75 0.80 0.77 0.82 0.86 0.87

Table 61--Potted New Guinea impatiens: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1994 to date Quantity sold Percent Wholesale price Year Growers Under 5 inches sales at Under 5 inches 1/ 5 inches or more Total wholesale 5 inches or more Number --1,000 pots-Percent --Dollars per pot-1,219 7,161 1994 1,435 8,452 1995 1,630 10,499 1996 1,846 11,960 1997 2,070 14,851 1998 1,895 15,860 1999 1,932 18,148 2000 1,900 16,382 2001 1,874 18,345 2002 p See footnotes at bottom table. 1,979 3,072 3,732 4,427 4,078 5,090 5,653 6,678 7,007 9,140 11,524 14,231 16,387 18,929 20,950 23,801 23,060 25,352 83 83 85 83 80 84 86 86 87 1.20 1.24 1.20 1.31 1.33 1.33 1.35 1.40 1.38 2.44 2.45 2.35 2.38 2.47 2.48 2.60 2.35 2.34

All

Wholesale value of sales through Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets 2/ outlets --1,000 dollars-11,145 14,942 18,159 21,764 23,831 28,394 33,732 33,197 36,288 2,283 3,061 3,205 4,458 5,958 5,408 5,491 5,404 5,422 13,428 18,003 21,364 26,222 29,789 33,802 39,223 38,601 41,710

1.47 1.56 1.50 1.60 1.57 1.61 1.65 1.67 1.65

Table 62--Potted petunias: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1994 to date Quantity sold Percent Wholesale price Year Growers Under 5 inches sales at Under 5 inches 1/ 5 inches or more Total wholesale 5 inches or more Number --1,000 pots-Percent --Dollars per pot--

All

Wholesale value of sales through Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets 2/ outlets --1,000 dollars-8,245 8,398 9,111 8,575 11,079 12,806 15,822 21,950 24,494 434 632 686 746 963 1,266 1,758 2,439 2,130 8,679 9,030 9,797 9,321 12,042 14,072 17,580 24,389 26,624

391 11,191 959 12,150 95 0.65 1.45 0.71 1994 535 10,656 1,129 11,785 93 0.66 1.78 0.77 1995 628 10,520 1,813 12,333 93 0.66 1.58 0.79 1996 776 9,061 1,985 11,046 92 0.68 1.60 0.84 1997 868 10,504 2,726 13,230 92 0.70 1.72 0.91 1998 1,029 11,491 3,115 14,606 91 0.75 1.75 0.96 1999 997 13,340 3,784 17,124 90 0.83 1.73 1.03 2000 1,020 14,724 5,280 20,004 90 0.90 2.11 1.22 2001 1,045 15,014 7,524 22,538 92 0.82 1.89 1.18 2002 p p = Preliminary. Survey data started in 1994. 1/ Includes only commercial growers with $100,000 or more in annual floriculture sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Wholesale and retail sales estimates are based on the reported percent sold at wholesale. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Table 63--Other potted flowering bedding plants: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1992 to date Type Quantity sold Percent Wholesale price and Growers Under 5 inches sales at Under 5 inches year 1/ 5 inches or more Total wholesale 5 inches or more All Number --1,000 pots-Percent --Dollars per pot-Begonias 2000 2001 2002 p Marigolds 2000 2001 2002 p Pansy / viola 2000 2001 2002 p

Wholesale value of sales through Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets 2/ outlets --1,000 dollars--

913 1,075 1,119

12,526 13,890 15,333

2,354 4,275 4,650

14,880 18,165 19,983

88 88 88

0.89 0.92 0.95

1.82 2.23 2.00

1.04 1.23 1.20

13,576 19,589 21,029

1,851 2,671 2,868

15,427 22,260 23,897

396 476 503

5,085 5,472 7,442

1,020 1,685 1,611

6,105 7,157 9,053

92 93 95

0.77 0.72 0.74

1.39 1.43 1.39

0.88 0.89 0.86

4,918 5,906 7,392

428 445 389

5,346 6,351 7,781

547 620 674

19,336 18,756 25,693

4,581 5,175 5,634

23,917 23,931 31,327

94 92 94

0.70 0.78 0.79

1.61 1.55 1.64

0.87 0.95 0.94

19,637 20,836 27,774

1,253 1,812 1,773

20,890 22,648 29,547

Other plants 1992 1,756 240,921 38,322 1993 1,768 210,780 37,230 1,678 171,536 46,786 1994 1,747 159,627 54,664 1995 1,839 134,216 83,260 1996 2,304 170,526 78,583 1997 2,644 232,674 111,416 1998 2,359 236,079 93,870 1999 1,671 159,249 53,344 2000 1,594 157,399 53,412 2001 1,579 162,144 53,117 2002 p See footnotes at bottom of next table.

279,243 248,010 218,322 214,291 217,476 249,109 344,090 329,949 212,593 210,811 215,261

94 93 94 94 93 86 86 87 87 90 93

0.71 0.72 0.73 0.78 0.82 0.94 0.88 0.91 0.96 0.97 1.03

1.86 1.95 2.06 1.79 1.69 2.58 2.82 2.67 2.35 2.25 2.36

0.86 0.91 1.01 1.04 1.15 1.46 1.51 1.41 1.31 1.29 1.36

226,705 209,201 207,983 208,570 233,110 312,418 447,406 405,787 241,574 245,347 272,461

14,471 15,746 13,275 13,313 17,546 50,859 72,833 60,635 36,097 27,261 20,508

241,175 224,947 221,258 221,883 250,656 363,277 520,239 466,422 277,671 272,608 292,969

Table 64--Potted vegetable type bedding plants: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1992 to date Quantity sold Percent Wholesale price Year Growers Under 5 inches sales at Under 5 inches 1/ 5 inches or more Total wholesale 5 inches or more All Number --1,000 pots-Percent --Dollars per pot-1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p 846 841 925 977 1,029 1,093 921 1,023 966 1,009 1,000 17,537 13,761 14,803 16,185 19,127 23,545 29,293 26,454 25,081 24,930 31,719 2,488 2,311 2,950 2,910 4,827 6,101 7,956 5,721 4,801 4,625 4,626 20,025 16,072 17,753 19,095 23,954 29,646 37,249 32,175 29,882 29,555 36,345 86 86 87 88 90 88 87 89 90 90 91 0.63 0.73 0.70 0.74 0.74 0.76 0.80 0.79 0.82 0.91 1.11 1.60 1.50 1.48 1.56 1.59 1.50 1.82 1.87 1.90 1.85 1.82 0.75 0.84 0.83 0.87 0.91 0.91 1.02 0.98 1.00 1.06 1.20

Wholesale value of sales through Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets 2/ outlets --1,000 dollars-12,950 11,636 12,759 14,604 19,622 23,861 32,996 28,047 26,791 28,178 39,651 2,108 1,894 1,907 1,992 2,180 3,254 4,930 3,466 2,977 3,131 3,922 15,058 13,530 14,666 16,596 21,802 27,115 37,926 31,513 29,768 31,309 43,573

p = Preliminary. 1/ Includes only commercial growers with $100,000 or more in annual floricultural sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Equals the residual amount not sold through wholesale outlets. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Table 65--Bedding geraniums in flats: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1992 to date Percent Year Growers Quantity sales at Wholesale 1/ sold wholesale price Number 1,000 flats Percent $ per flat Geraniums from cuttings 2000 341 2001 261 2002 p 223 Geraniums from seed 2000 392 2001 420 2002 p 384 All geraniums 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p 913 925 904 921 980 1,029 827 822 N.A. N.A. N.A. 1,574 1,003 1,031 861 766 669 3,148 3,254 4,097 3,978 4,462 3,940 3,143 3,205 2,435 1,769 1,700 84 83 84 85 85 87 87 87 88 79 86 80 82 79 84 84 85 9.47 10.82 10.18 9.33 10.27 10.05 9.62 9.81 9.13 9.01 9.55 9.46 8.97 9.77 9.42 10.58 10.13

Wholesale value of sales through Wholesale All Retail outlets outlets outlets 2/ --1,000 dollars-12,521 9,005 8,812 6,830 6,688 5,852 26,353 27,766 32,914 28,329 36,634 29,825 23,115 24,747 19,351 15,692 14,664 2,385 1,844 1,679 1,205 1,180 874 3,938 4,149 4,488 7,530 5,964 7,456 5,074 6,578 3,590 3,025 2,553 14,906 10,849 10,491 8,035 7,868 6,726 30,291 31,915 37,402 35,859 42,598 37,281 28,189 31,325 22,941 18,717 17,217

See footnotes at bottom table.

Table 66--Bedding impatiens plants in flats: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1994 to date Percent Year Growers 1/ Number 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p 1,721 2,019 2,197 2,393 2,408 2,201 2,157 2,153 2,048 Quantity sold 1,000 flats 12,940 15,501 15,722 18,147 16,715 16,331 15,380 14,904 13,697 sales at wholesale Percent 86 87 87 86 83 84 84 84 86 Wholesale price $ per flat 6.49 6.90 6.96 6.97 6.71 7.04 7.70 7.81 8.20 72,168 93,102 95,243 108,699 93,047 96,549 99,440 97,718 96,589 Wholesale value of sales through Wholesale outlets Retail outlets 2/ --1,000 dollars-11,748 13,912 14,232 17,695 19,058 18,390 18,941 18,613 15,724 83,916 107,014 109,475 126,394 112,105 114,939 118,381 116,331 112,313 All outlets

See footnotes at bottom table.

Table 67--Bedding New Guinea impatiens in flats: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1994 to date Percent Year Growers 1/ Number 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p 421 453 497 555 337 445 330 287 252 Quantity sold 1,000 flats 890 1,055 877 861 589 1,342 657 589 665 sales at wholesale Percent 84 83 83 78 84 91 85 87 88 Wholesale price $ per flat 8.85 9.10 8.98 9.86 10.66 9.24 9.71 11.12 10.09 6,613 7,969 6,535 6,620 5,273 11,287 5,424 5,696 5,903 Wholesale value of sales through Wholesale outlets Retail outlets 2/ --1,000 dollars-1,260 1,632 1,338 1,867 1,004 1,116 957 851 805 7,873 9,601 7,873 8,487 6,277 12,403 6,381 6,547 6,708 All outlets

N.A. = Not available; p = preliminary. Survey data began in 1994. 1/ Includes only commercial growers with $100,000 or more in annual floricultural sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Equals the residual amount not sold through wholesale outlets. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 * 69

Table 68--Bedding petunias in flats: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1994 to date Percent Year Growers Quantity sales at Wholesale 1/ sold wholesale price Number 1,000 flats Percent $ per flat 1994 1,704 1995 2,008 1996 2,161 1997 2,494 1998 2,450 1999 2,236 2000 2,262 2001 2,239 2002 p 2,177 See footnotes at bottom table. 8,841 10,754 10,761 11,818 11,783 11,645 12,093 11,542 11,135 87 88 87 85 83 85 86 86 86 6.82 7.21 7.10 7.36 7.23 7.46 7.90 8.03 8.53

Wholesale value of sales through Wholesale Retail All outlets outlets 2/ outlets --1,000 dollars-52,419 68,189 66,432 73,962 70,707 73,821 82,120 79,695 81,697 7,833 9,298 9,927 13,052 14,482 13,027 13,368 12,974 13,300 60,252 77,487 76,359 87,014 85,189 86,848 95,488 92,669 94,997

Table 69--Other flowering and foliar bedding plants in flats: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1992 to date Percent Wholesale value of sales through Year Growers Quantity sales at Wholesale Wholesale Retail All 1/ sold wholesale price outlets outlets 2/ outlets Number 1,000 flats Percent $ per flat --1,000 dollars-Begonias 2000 1,582 2001 1,798 2002 p 1,795 Marigolds 2000 1,634 2001 1,879 2002 p 1,918 Pansy / Viola 2000 1,635 2001 1,868 2002 p 1,930 Other plants 1992 2,425 1993 2,461 1994 2,408 1995 2,395 1996 2,491 1997 2,697 1998 2,796 1999 2,535 2000 2,321 2001 2,205 2002 p 2,137 See footnotes at bottom table. 6,645 8,272 7,182 5,443 6,623 5,901 10,153 13,109 12,383 67,941 74,334 58,245 55,652 57,654 70,958 63,123 69,832 47,709 43,226 39,456 85 87 86 88 89 89 92 92 91 87 88 89 88 88 88 87 88 88 89 89 7.83 7.76 7.86 7.75 8.09 8.39 8.23 7.87 8.62 6.74 6.92 7.11 7.09 7.20 7.46 7.58 8.02 8.04 7.84 8.36 44,203 55,848 48,532 37,109 47,704 44,089 76,839 94,899 97,179 398,102 452,404 368,731 347,089 365,140 465,850 416,235 492,859 337,644 301,767 293,555 7,801 8,345 7,901 5,060 5,896 5,449 6,682 8,252 9,611 59,486 61,691 45,573 47,330 49,792 63,525 62,196 67,208 46,042 37,297 36,282 52,004 64,193 56,433 42,169 53,600 49,538 83,521 103,151 106,790 457,588 514,095 414,304 394,419 414,932 529,375 478,431 560,067 383,686 339,064 329,837

Table 70--Vegetable type bedding plants in flats: Growers, quantity, and value of sales, 1992 to date Percent Wholesale value of sales through Year Growers Quantity sales at Wholesale Wholesale Retail All 1/ sold wholesale price outlets outlets 2/ outlets Number 1,000 flats Percent $ per flat --1,000 dollars-1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p p = Preliminary. 1,960 1,952 1,984 1,994 2,062 2,121 1,756 1,920 1,877 1,845 1,803 11,218 9,592 9,230 10,327 10,666 12,624 12,044 11,976 8,604 8,480 7,953 87 84 84 85 86 87 86 88 83 85 84 6.97 6.96 6.97 7.23 7.46 7.82 7.70 8.12 7.97 8.37 8.71 68,055 56,078 54,073 63,475 68,437 85,917 79,742 85,613 56,941 60,304 58,189 10,169 10,681 10,300 11,201 11,141 12,838 12,981 11,675 11,663 10,642 11,084 78,224 66,759 64,373 74,676 79,578 98,755 92,723 97,288 68,604 70,946 69,273

1/ Includes only commercial growers with $100,000 or more in annual floricultural sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Equals the residual amount not sold through wholesale outlets. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Table 71--Flowering hanging baskets: Growers, quantity and value of sales, by plant type, 1992 to date Type Percent of Wholesale value of sales through and Growers Quantity sales at Wholesale Wholesale Retail All Year 1/ sold wholesale price outlets outlets 2/ outlets Number 1,000 baskets Percent $ per basket --1,000 dollars-Geraniums (all) 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p

1,739 2,009 2,178 2,297 2,061 2,071 1,993 1,921 1,886

3,274 4,010 4,691 5,066 4,734 4,961 4,830 4,768 4,839

81 84 83 81 80 79 84 84 86

6.36 6.34 6.43 6.38 6.56 6.55 6.84 6.73 6.91

16,875 21,342 25,018 26,190 24,846 25,677 27,722 26,888 28,713

3,958 4,065 5,124 6,143 6,212 6,825 5,293 5,181 4,704

20,833 25,407 30,142 32,333 31,058 32,502 33,015 32,069 33,417

Geraniums (cuttings) 1,793 2000 1,728 2001 1,692 2002 p Geraniums (seed) 200 2000 193 2001 194 2002 p Impatiens 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p

4,146 4,121 4,237

83 83 85

7.00 6.84 6.98

24,090 23,406 25,126

4,934 4,794 4,434

29,024 28,200 29,560

684 647 602

91 90 93

5.83 5.98 6.41

3,632 3,482 3,587

359 387 270

3,991 3,869 3,857

1,637 1,869 1,997 2,050 1,779 1,822 1,589 1,517 1,439

3,018 3,668 4,004 4,339 4,140 4,274 4,054 3,414 4,160

85 87 86 86 87 88 89 86 90

5.28 5.22 5.22 5.05 4.96 5.04 5.15 5.42 4.93

13,534 16,672 17,966 18,844 17,866 18,972 18,565 15,903 18,454

2,388 2,491 2,925 3,068 2,670 2,587 2,294 2,589 2,050

15,922 19,163 20,891 21,912 20,536 21,559 20,859 18,492 20,504

New Guinea impatiens 1,491 1994 1,722 1995 1,822 1996 1,986 1997 1,883 1998 1,860 1999 1,751 2000 1,695 2001 1,599 2002 p See footnotes at end of table.

3,264 3,812 4,210 4,674 4,522 4,911 4,635 4,663 4,914

89 89 87 87 86 86 88 87 89

6.06 6.04 6.32 6.25 6.34 6.35 6.39 6.34 6.27

17,602 20,482 23,145 25,402 24,654 26,829 26,061 25,728 27,400

2,175 2,532 3,459 3,796 4,014 4,367 3,554 3,844 3,387

19,777 23,014 26,604 29,198 28,668 31,196 29,615 29,572 30,787 Continued--

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Table 71--Flowering hanging baskets: Growers, quantity and value of sales, by plant type, 1994 to date --Continued Type Percent of Wholesale value of sales through and Growers Quantity sales at Wholesale Wholesale Retail All Year 1/ sold wholesale price outlets outlets 2/ outlets Number 1,000 baskets Percent $ per basket --1,000 dollars-Petunias 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 p Begonias 2000 2001 2002 p Marigold 2000 2001 2002 p Pansy / viola 2000 2001 2002 p 1,171 1,467 1,695 1,908 1,711 1,910 1,616 1,593 1,519 1,051 1,193 1,161 30 28 28 238 273 279 852 1,345 1,664 2,013 2,203 2,823 2,941 3,102 3,358 2,855 3,335 2,420 59 50 46 303 466 546 16,480 15,857 15,595 18,093 19,404 19,210 14,760 15,979 17,150 84 86 84 83 84 84 86 84 87 88 88 85 98 61 80 91 94 96 88 88 86 87 84 88 88 89 89 5.42 5.36 5.40 5.40 5.37 5.59 5.30 5.89 5.90 5.51 5.72 5.88 7.71 6.90 6.78 6.38 5.97 6.09 5.48 5.64 5.76 5.70 5.95 6.19 6.01 6.24 6.25 3,876 6,196 7,547 9,027 9,930 13,250 13,412 15,346 17,246 13,845 16,775 12,087 446 210 250 1,758 2,617 3,194 79,535 78,690 77,292 89,769 96,967 104,632 78,017 88,787 95,361 738 1,009 1,437 1,849 1,892 2,524 2,183 2,923 2,577 1,888 2,287 2,133 9 135 62 174 167 133 10,846 10,730 12,582 13,414 18,470 14,268 10,639 10,974 11,786 15,907 15,315 20,106 20,827 25,527 28,269 33,256 30,572 26,035 28,100 26,833 4,614 7,205 8,984 10,876 11,822 15,774 15,595 18,269 19,823 15,733 19,062 14,220 455 345 312 1,932 2,784 3,327 90,381 89,420 89,874 103,183 115,437 118,900 88,656 99,761 107,147 122,365 139,224 151,527 164,209 176,495 197,502 207,521 219,931 205,860 220,354 229,537

Other flowering hanging baskets 1994 2,540 1995 2,537 1996 2,618 1997 2,734 1998 2,525 1999 2,544 2000 1,847 2001 1,745 2002 p 1,709

All flowering hanging baskets 1992 N.A. 22,498 87 5.44 106,458 1993 N.A. 25,588 89 5.44 123,909 1994 N.A. 26,888 87 5.64 131,421 1995 N.A. 28,692 87 5.72 143,382 1996 N.A. 30,164 86 5.85 150,968 1997 N.A. 34,185 86 5.78 169,233 1998 N.A. 35,003 84 5.93 174,265 1999 N.A. 36,179 86 6.08 189,359 2000 N.A. 34,437 87 5.98 179,825 2001 N.A. 35,777 87 6.16 192,254 2002 p N.A. 37,433 88 6.13 202,704 N.A. = Not available; p = preliminary. 1/ Includes only growers with $100,000+ in annual floriculture sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Equals the residual amount not sold through wholesale outlets. Estimates by flower type began in 1994. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Table 72--Propagative materials: Value of sales at wholesale, by State, 2000 to date 1/ 2000 2001 --1,000 dollars-Northeast: Connecticut Massachusetts New Jersey New York Pennsylvania Midwest: Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Ohio Wisconsin South: Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West: Arizona California Colorado Hawaii New Mexico Oregon Utah Washington Other States Total

2002 p

--2,092 --11,852 15,386

1,048 2,100 11,520 5,993 31,122

429 2,563 12,815 6,797 29,535

3,301 1,999 --92 22,717 ----4,693 ---

2,777 3,111 --226 33,845 ----4,970 ---

3,611 2,935 ----45,359 ----5,617 ---

----50,873 5,666 ----1,939 --2,687 ------6,644 ---

----72,806 4,148 --1,519 ----2,821 ------12,837 ---

----73,052 3,490 --1,372 ----2,802 ------13,121 ---

--60,118 --2,592 --3,199 --4,353 42,435 242,638

--68,781 --2,679 ------5,163 46,456 313,922

--63,261 --3,774 --9,336 --11,735 40,454 332,058

p = Preliminary. Data series on propagative materials started in 2000. 1/ Includes only growers with at least $100,000 in annual floriculture sales; 36 surveyed States. Propagative material includes unfinished plants sold to other growers for further growing-on. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

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Table 73--Propagative materials: Value of sales at wholesale, by floriculture sector, 2000 to date 1/ 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 --1,000 dollars-Domestic production: 2/ Cut flowers Potted flowering plants Annual bedding and garden plants Herbaceous perennial plants Foliage plants Cut cultivated greens Total propagative material -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1999

2000

2001

2002p

---------------

5,713 41,067 134,182 28,769 32,592 315 242,638

7,029 62,774 170,428 45,206 28,134 351 313,922

6,893 71,769 166,913 55,231 31,020 232 332,058

Imports: Unrooted cuttings and slips of plants 12,704 13,366 18,042 22,129 23,670 28,144 - - - = Not available; p = preliminary. 1/ Includes only growers with at least $100,000 in annual floriculture sales; 36 surveyed States. 2/ Excludes finished plants sold to other growers; excludes bulbs, tubers, rhizomes, or corms. Source: Floriculture Crops, NASS.

29,923

36,710

45,449

50,640

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Table 74--Nursery crops: Value of grower sales at wholesale, by State, 1993 to date 1/ State 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1,000 dollars Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Total 145,000 10,135 37,900 12,000 1,263,206 40,000 67,000 27,523 475,000 100,000 20,620 49,068 150,000 27,700 14,855 8,000 27,800 26,875 21,000 195,500 69,000 224,000 60,000 23,000 26,500 13,000 15,100 6,200 35,700 128,310 18,000 85,000 710,000 27,000 318,569 155,000 292,417 210,000 41,500 112,000 --123,843 525,829 20,000 23,500 75,822 151,325 13,000 99,000 2,800 6,324,597 130,000 10,638 40,400 13,000 1,285,002 60,000 70,000 27,665 480,000 125,000 20,724 37,943 150,000 29,600 22,945 8,500 29,700 31,981 22,000 193,500 72,000 230,000 70,000 25,000 27,000 15,000 16,400 7,200 37,000 166,079 18,000 90,000 770,000 27,000 319,200 150,000 318,865 205,000 41,750 123,000 17,610 119,400 546,267 20,000 23,750 75,800 171,504 13,200 99,000 2,900 6,606,523 130,000 11,140 43,700 14,000 1,467,580 80,000 72,000 27,850 480,000 135,000 22,962 42,609 150,000 30,800 23,785 8,800 28,535 36,778 25,000 199,000 74,000 240,000 75,000 27,000 27,700 17,000 17,800 11,500 39,000 157,698 20,000 88,000 775,000 27,000 326,400 150,000 357,222 200,000 42,000 130,000 18,530 136,000 612,066 21,000 24,000 76,500 171,813 13,400 99,000 3,000 7,007,168 134,000 12,087 45,170 15,000 1,610,257 100,000 74,000 27,895 575,000 140,000 18,183 48,093 150,000 37,200 24,539 9,240 30,500 40,088 25,100 199,500 76,000 230,000 81,000 29,000 34,500 19,000 19,400 13,500 40,000 154,824 22,000 92,000 800,000 9,000 357,930 150,000 374,042 200,000 42,250 135,000 20,540 152,952 673,699 21,000 24,250 75,100 173,548 --83,000 3,100 7,422,487 135,000 11,099 46,890 16,000 1,783,033 120,000 77,683 27,945 707,000 155,000 14,662 61,190 150,000 42,600 19,850 9,700 34,000 48,430 29,772 201,000 41,890 240,000 86,000 30,000 35,200 20,000 21,000 15,600 44,900 140,255 25,000 100,000 815,000 9,500 354,530 125,000 403,268 235,000 30,962 135,000 17,100 142,000 861,572 23,000 18,588 76,000 170,000 --70,900 2,800 7,980,919

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002p

135,000 13,212 48,270 16,000 1,728,098 115,000 90,564 28,700 728,000 165,000 18,405 61,363 150,000 52,000 20,010 10,000 32,000 65,852 23,013 203,500 39,982 240,000 88,250 30,000 36,000 18,000 21,000 16,200 51,592 150,529 30,000 110,000 830,000 6,500 371,700 95,000 440,891 202,000 28,300 145,000 18,000 140,000 926,246 25,502 17,650 80,000 175,000 --60,800 2,600 8,100,729

140,000 13,478 50,298 16,000 2,018,507 110,000 98,236 29,250 743,000 185,000 15,626 66,596 150,000 59,500 20,100 10,000 26,760 48,430 23,430 206,010 53,484 270,000 90,100 30,000 36,000 15,400 21,000 16,500 52,560 159,080 31,500 115,000 840,000 7,000 375,600 100,000 499,785 174,000 28,870 160,000 18,900 147,000 875,673 24,500 18,000 83,600 180,000 --67,545 2,400 8,523,718

158,000 13,750 49,700 16,000 2,164,088 100,000 98,997 31,250 749,300 188,478 16,120 69,211 125,913 67,000 20,160 13,400 28,040 51,336 23,900 219,015 54,715 147,448 91,200 30,000 36,500 16,000 21,800 17,000 53,570 194,466 23,000 118,621 850,000 7,000 297,182 100,000 544,367 179,498 29,400 171,474 18,900 150,000 826,952 23,000 18,350 87,300 177,913 --69,345 2,430 8,561,089

162,000 14,165 51,400 17,000 2,172,615 120,000 102,875 32,250 765,000 190,000 18,476 66,307 150,000 75,000 25,150 13,500 28,190 48,615 24,400 224,745 57,020 190,000 92,200 30,000 37,000 16,500 21,800 17,000 54,600 183,146 25,000 125,000 790,000 8,000 356,595 100,000 590,901 177,380 29,950 175,000 19,900 151,369 980,448 24,000 18,700 89,100 190,000 --71,839 2,630 8,926,766

177,000 14,920 55,300 18,000 2,100,000 122,000 102,875 33,250 750,000 190,000 19,000 68,000 150,000 83,000 25,150 13,500 30,241 48,255 24,400 230,455 57,020 190,000 93,200 30,000 37,500 17,000 21,800 15,600 54,600 191,677 30,000 130,000 680,000 8,500 356,595 105,000 613,313 179,610 29,950 177,500 21,830 152,759 1,066,774 23,000 18,700 90,000 195,000 --71,700 2,630 8,916,604

- - - = Not available or not released; p = preliminary. 1/ Includes estimated floriculture crop sales in the 14 States not surveyed by NASS. Source: NASS; ERS.

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Table 75--Nursery crops: Value of production, imports, exports, and consumption, 1989 to date Production and trade Year Domestic production Imports 1/ Supply -- 1,000 dollars -Exports 1/ Total 2/ 1,000 dollars Consumption Per Per household capita 22 24 25 25 25 25 27 28 30 30 31 31 32 31 Import share Percent 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3

5,471,771 5,393,211 59 1989 5,328,729 143,042 78,560 6,120,036 6,018,124 65 1990 5,962,640 157,396 101,912 6,348,125 6,240,973 67 1991 6,182,426 165,699 107,152 6,452,277 6,332,386 67 1992 6,270,415 181,862 119,892 6,516,606 6,373,340 67 1993 6,324,597 192,009 143,266 6,809,903 6,657,913 69 1994 6,606,523 203,380 151,990 7,246,928 7,109,004 73 1995 7,007,168 239,760 137,924 7,677,774 7,549,167 76 1996 7,422,487 255,287 128,608 8,244,632 8,098,611 81 1997 7,980,919 263,713 146,022 8,387,826 8,217,292 81 1998 8,100,729 287,097 170,534 8,824,274 8,668,452 84 1999 8,523,718 300,556 155,822 8,867,589 8,723,620 83 2000 8,561,089 306,500 143,969 9,238,972 9,094,681 85 2001 8,926,766 312,206 144,291 9,214,158 9,076,256 84 2002 p 8,916,604 297,554 137,902 p = Preliminary. 1/ Imports and exports include live trees, shrubs, bushes, mushroom spawn, other nonflowering nursery crops with or without soil attached to roots, and fresh Christmas trees. 2/ Domestic consumption equals supply minus exports. Supply equals domestic production plus imports. Sources: Floriculture Crops, NASS; FATUS, ERS; U.S. Bureau of Census.

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Table 76--Nursery crops: Total value of sales by category, by major State, 2000 1/ Deciduous Deciduous Deciduous Fruit State Broadleaf Coniferous shade flowering shrubs and and nut evergreens evergreens trees trees ornamentals plants 2/ ---1,000 dollars--Alabama California Connecticut Florida Georgia Illinois Michigan New Jersey New York North Carolina Ohio Oregon Pennsylvania South Carolina Tennessee Texas Washington Other States 44,718 115,918 32,053 70,822 40,428 6,798 5,560 24,148 9,247 43,773 19,583 87,277 7,032 24,571 14,299 35,348 11,603 0 10,090 61,642 23,414 24,603 10,042 20,137 35,353 24,130 9,431 20,009 26,229 82,903 28,115 4,547 10,264 5,812 6,072 0 402,793 4,321 61,695 8,378 52,439 7,738 30,099 10,767 18,302 11,646 13,250 17,128 100,326 8,416 6,868 33,917 17,369 2,979 0 405,638 4,321 45,985 4,847 21,890 6,268 16,454 5,971 9,181 4,868 12,086 15,101 41,298 5,461 4,828 27,032 5,117 1,824 0 232,532 13,832 251,665 19,526 215,720 15,633 21,916 44,330 9,971 9,605 20,332 27,260 68,981 4,026 4,068 14,338 22,747 7,889 0 771,839 950 217,500 943 17,151 767 189 7,276 --3,812 --251 17,556 --82 6,773 3,322 18,070 4,213 298,855

Christmas trees, cut, to be cut --1,237 1,252 ----1,522 24,087 523 1,086 38,734 1,379 57,261 12,406 --383 607 7,087 1,517 149,081

Propagation material 3/ 7,759 101,567 1,691 59,698 2,710 --32,393 4,504 2,317 5,923 --39,031 20,608 1,510 17,059 10,689 39,711 2,091 349,261

Total gross sales 4/ 85,991 857,209 92,104 462,323 83,586 97,115 165,737 90,759 52,012 154,107 106,931 494,633 86,064 46,474 124,065 101,011 95,235 7,821 3,203,177

Total 593,178 See footnotes at bottom table.

Table 77--Nursery crops: Number of growers by value of sales, by major State, 2000 1/ State $10,000$100,000$250,000$500,000$1 million$2 million$5 million $99,999 $249,999 $499,999 $1 million $2 million $5 million or more ---Number--102 245 53 424 124 85 345 157 297 496 202 525 289 46 182 79 170 3,821 27 85 18 210 25 34 82 46 46 78 34 70 56 18 63 31 28 951 16 57 7 130 18 22 38 26 18 38 20 80 30 11 41 22 22 596 17 61 14 99 17 19 19 23 15 40 20 67 13 10 30 15 19 498 9 39 --73 9 9 13 7 6 26 9 57 13 11 27 7 9 324 ---Number--Operations with part-time hired workers: Total workers: 2,105 636 387 331 242 148 65 3,914 Average number of part-time hired workers: 5.0 7.5 11.2 14.8 23.2 41.9 155.4 13.6 Operations with full-time hired workers: 1,371 717 537 460 312 209 82 3,688 Average number of full-time hired workers: 3.5 5.0 7.7 13.5 22.1 37.7 176.0 15.5 - - - = Not available. The nursery production survey in 2000 collected data from only 17 major States. 1/ For operations with $100,000+ annual nursery crop sales. Total number of operations may not add up because of undisclosed producers. 2/ For home or non-commercial use only. 3/ Includes root stock, lining-out stock, cuttings, tissue culture, and other small plants sold to other growers for further growing out. 4/ Excludes transplants for commercial crop production. Source: Nursery Crops, 2000 Summary, NASS. 37 4 5 14 6 6 20 8 34 12 --5 12 3 217 4 4 5 128 6 45 --18 3 5 6 5 ----5 34 ----4 35 --Total producers 181 567 92 991 200 179 517 270 388 698 298 867 413 96 352 170 256 6,535 Total production area 1,000 sq. ft. 278,369 842,265 319,863 1,156,383 223,336 755,424 2,439,467 622,368 852,582 1,408,193 728,137 2,630,495 1,489,016 224,630 1,317,711 192,059 598,413 16,078,711

Alabama California Connecticut Florida Georgia Illinois Michigan New Jersey New York North Carolina Ohio Oregon Pennsylvania South Carolina Tennessee Texas Washington Total

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Table 78--Broadleaf evergreens: Growers, sales, and inventory, by major State, 2000 1/ Trees and Percent State Growers plants Gross of sales at sold sales wholesale 1,000 plants $1,000 Percent Number Alabama California Connecticut Florida Georgia Illinois Michigan New Jersey New York North Carolina Ohio Oregon Pennsylvania South Carolina Tennessee Texas Washington 64 130 19 216 46 57 40 94 42 108 58 135 38 41 98 52 29 12,607 17,448 3,707 14,724 7,242 419 390 2,930 893 6,386 1,716 13,815 664 3,545 1,780 6,275 4,606 99,147 44,718 115,918 32,053 70,822 40,428 6,798 5,560 24,148 9,247 43,773 19,583 87,277 7,032 24,571 14,299 35,348 11,603 593,178 96 92 96 95 96 96 63 97 94 95 89 98 90 96 98 99 93 95

Inventory of trees and plants 2/ 1,000 plants 21,608 23,194 10,305 19,642 10,147 1,114 1,151 5,719 2,235 10,018 4,072 48,074 1,802 4,783 3,773 9,517 9,991 187,145

Value of inventory $1,000 67,679 130,085 48,536 106,495 37,856 14,847 6,765 36,091 14,800 54,638 44,239 139,624 12,601 25,178 27,473 40,107 19,572 826,586

Inventory expected to sell in 1 year Percent 49 64 55 70 55 32 22 37 32 50 32 32 34 55 42 51 52 48

Total 1,267 See footnotes at bottom table.

Table 79--Coniferous evergreens: Growers, sales, and inventory, by major State, 2000 1/ Trees and Percent State Growers plants Gross of sales at sold sales wholesale 1,000 plants $1,000 Percent Number Alabama California Connecticut Florida Georgia Illinois Michigan New Jersey New York North Carolina Ohio Oregon Pennsylvania South Carolina Tennessee Texas Washington Total 47 91 25 183 38 79 79 90 52 104 81 147 85 37 95 34 34 1,301 2,532 6,326 2,699 4,215 2,182 766 2,898 1,667 595 1,702 1,418 9,182 1,079 818 756 734 574 40,143 10,090 61,642 23,414 24,603 10,042 20,137 35,353 24,130 9,431 20,009 26,229 82,903 28,115 4,547 10,264 5,812 6,072 402,793 94 94 89 97 97 78 76 91 84 82 88 99 95 97 98 57 84 91

Inventory of trees and plants 2/ 1,000 plants 2,061 8,589 6,232 5,242 2,757 2,315 15,639 4,376 2,586 3,325 3,320 37,004 9,422 781 2,896 885 1,323 108,753

Value of inventory $1,000 7,645 62,367 51,726 29,487 9,440 48,736 167,652 42,282 16,192 30,005 41,263 195,790 98,463 3,890 25,288 5,061 9,152 844,439

Inventory expected to sell in 1 year Percent 67 73 49 66 55 26 23 30 19 52 26 26 21 58 33 39 32 34

1/ For operations with $100,000+ annual nursery crop sales. 2/ Year-end supply (on hand January 1, 2001). Source: Nursery Crops, 2000 Summary, NASS.

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Table 80--Deciduous shade trees: Growers, sales, and inventory, by major State, 2000 1/ Trees and Percent State Growers plants Gross of sales at sold sales wholesale Number 1,000 plants $1,000 Percent Alabama California Connecticut Florida Georgia Illinois Michigan New Jersey New York North Carolina Ohio Oregon Pennsylvania South Carolina Tennessee Texas Washington 41 104 21 214 37 77 73 63 57 82 54 115 53 32 126 57 28 250 2,208 133 1,429 148 271 192 362 257 267 335 5,783 131 89 2,622 559 228 15,264 4,321 61,695 8,378 52,439 7,738 30,099 10,767 18,302 11,646 13,250 17,128 100,326 8,416 6,868 33,917 17,369 2,979 405,638 98 95 87 96 97 92 64 97 87 98 86 100 90 97 99 96 89 95

Inventory of trees and plants 2/ 1,000 plants 618 2,392 504 2,850 461 1,110 997 1,420 1,419 707 548 16,151 793 191 4,610 1,171 548 36,490

Value of inventory $1,000 8,383 36,916 33,471 103,454 12,695 98,351 21,957 31,816 34,766 23,068 24,499 147,070 17,791 10,397 52,389 28,291 5,411 690,725

Inventory expected to sell in 1 year Percent 54 50 27 48 37 25 45 25 24 33 23 37 21 33 37 36 40 38

Total 1,234 See footnotes at bottom table.

Table 81--Deciduous flowering trees: Growers, sales, and inventory, by major State, 2000 1/ Trees and Percent Inventory State Growers plants Gross of sales at of trees sold sales wholesale and plants 2/ 1,000 plants $1,000 Percent 1,000 plants Number Alabama California Connecticut Florida Georgia Illinois Michigan New Jersey New York North Carolina Ohio Oregon Pennsylvania South Carolina Tennessee Texas Washington Total 45 95 21 192 38 67 58 68 51 93 56 82 45 36 128 47 23 1,145 431 2,075 159 880 254 141 95 148 187 442 448 2,962 69 162 2,923 460 211 12,047 4,321 45,985 4,847 21,890 6,268 16,454 5,971 9,181 4,868 12,086 15,101 41,298 5,461 4,828 27,032 5,117 1,824 232,532 95 97 87 97 95 96 56 97 87 97 89 100 94 96 98 95 73 95 459 2,194 438 1,362 603 564 396 840 841 1,018 1,266 8,643 283 269 3,433 632 392 23,633

Value of inventory $1,000 3,796 31,653 11,815 33,113 10,331 47,315 11,428 18,888 15,495 20,585 23,058 67,472 9,891 7,842 30,450 7,281 2,793 353,206

Inventory expected to sell in 1 year Percent 63 56 32 59 53 24 31 24 24 31 25 36 24 47 41 55 45 40

1/ For operations with $100,000+ annual nursery crop sales. 2/ Year-end supply (on hand January 1, 2001). Source: Nursery Crops, 2000 Summary, NASS.

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Table 82--Deciduous shrubs and other ornamentals: Growers, sales, and inventory, by major State, 2000 1/ Trees and Percent Inventory State Growers plants Gross of sales at of trees sold sales wholesale and plants 2/ Number 1,000 plants $1,000 Percent 1,000 plants Alabama California Connecticut Florida Georgia Illinois Michigan New Jersey New York North Carolina Ohio Oregon Pennsylvania South Carolina Tennessee Texas Washington 45 174 27 414 36 54 61 67 54 74 61 97 41 33 103 49 30 7,611 50,813 2,419 40,974 10,022 9,271 8,688 1,160 1,260 5,668 3,025 16,864 316 1,130 2,976 5,465 3,156 170,818 13,832 251,665 19,526 215,720 15,633 21,916 44,330 9,971 9,605 20,332 27,260 68,981 4,026 4,068 14,338 22,747 7,889 771,839 97 97 95 97 98 87 87 95 84 95 93 98 89 93 99 98 87 96 11,027 59,059 4,555 49,300 17,797 11,106 24,093 2,689 2,948 5,604 4,974 40,271 920 960 3,673 3,857 5,447 248,280

Value of inventory $1,000 15,959 229,856 23,261 275,337 16,138 16,958 87,112 15,937 23,702 23,002 38,013 92,457 7,961 2,795 20,406 15,067 13,579 917,540

Inventory expected to sell in 1 year Percent 48 57 67 72 62 62 76 31 26 69 45 39 39 78 57 75 53 58

Total 1,420 See footnotes at bottom table.

Table 83--Fruit and nut plants for noncommercial use: Growers, sales, and inventory, by major State, 2000 1/ Trees and Percent Inventory State Growers plants Gross of sales at of trees Value of sold sales wholesale and plants 2/ inventory 1,000 plants $1,000 Percent 1,000 plants $1,000 Number Alabama California Connecticut Florida Georgia Illinois Michigan New Jersey New York North Carolina Ohio Oregon Pennsylvania South Carolina Tennessee Texas Washington Other States Total 15 105 9 74 6 11 23 --18 --3 38 --8 31 12 16 25 394 312 61,809 132 3,836 263 4 1,483 --1,924 --7 4,608 --10 1,430 311 5,117 14,702 95,948 950 217,500 943 17,151 767 189 7,276 --3,812 --251 17,556 --82 6,773 3,322 18,070 4,213 298,855 86 91 95 86 87 86 95 --59 --72 99 --86 98 77 41 83 87 236 53,892 50 5,078 253 10 2,169 --2,501 --11 7,879 --10 1,110 1,534 5,716 14,696 95,145 763 186,569 322 20,995 424 483 9,218 --4,258 --251 14,777 --64 4,889 6,977 20,017 4,140 274,147

Inventory expected to sell in 1 year Percent 88 95 100 75 52 36 72 --62 --25 41 --67 50 51 89 81 87

- - - = Not available. To avoid disclosure of individual operations, data are grouped in "Other States". 1/ For operations with $100,000+ annual nursery crop sales. 2/ Year-end supply (on hand January 1, 2001). Source: Nursery Crops, 2000 Summary, NASS.

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Table 84--Christmas trees, cut and to be cut: Growers, sales, and inventory, by major State, 2000 1/ Trees and Percent Inventory State Growers plants Gross of sales at of trees sold sales wholesale and plants 2/ Number 1,000 plants $1,000 Percent 1,000 plants Alabama California Connecticut Florida Georgia Illinois Michigan New Jersey New York North Carolina Ohio Oregon Pennsylvania South Carolina Tennessee Texas Washington Other States --7 6 ----17 69 9 13 84 17 80 70 --9 5 22 6 --32 37 ----52 2,164 18 54 2,060 55 3,832 681 --28 13 458 70 9,554 --1,237 1,252 ----1,522 24,087 523 1,086 38,734 1,379 57,261 12,406 --383 607 7,087 1,517 149,081 --3 11 ----11 83 5 59 89 24 98 84 --96 95 80 88 --94 567 ----508 24,726 122 663 14,342 397 34,429 7,463 --78 337 4,001 133 87,860

Value of inventory $1,000 --2,980 6,205 ----6,256 138,076 1,248 7,110 125,984 3,635 144,891 52,951 --663 4,467 33,383 2,235 530,084

Inventory expected to sell in 1 year Percent --27 10 ----10 12 27 11 15 10 12 11 --32 19 16 42 13

Total 414 See footnotes at bottom table.

Table 85--Propagation material or lining-out stock: Growers and sales, by major State, 2000 1/ Trees and Percent Inventory State Growers plants Gross of sales at of trees sold sales wholesale and plants 2/ 1,000 plants $1,000 Percent 1,000 plants Number Alabama California Connecticut Florida Georgia Illinois Michigan New Jersey New York North Carolina Ohio Oregon Pennsylvania South Carolina Tennessee Texas Washington Other States Total 22 61 10 76 15 --40 21 14 27 --76 33 6 75 13 36 17 542 --------------------------------------7,759 101,567 1,691 59,698 2,710 --32,393 4,504 2,317 5,923 --39,031 20,608 1,510 17,059 10,689 39,711 2,091 349,261 100 94 86 99 100 --97 98 69 77 --99 80 100 92 99 86 93 94 ---------------------------------------

Value of inventory $1,000 ---------------------------------------

Inventory expected to sell in 1 year Percent ---------------------------------------

- - - = Not available. To avoid disclosure of individual operations, data are grouped in "Other States". 1/ For operations with $100,000+ annual nursery crop sales. 2/ Year-end supply (on hand January 1, 2001). Source: Nursery Crops, 2000 Summary, NASS.

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Table 86--Floriculture and nursery products: Value of total U.S. imports and exports, 1976 to date -- Imports -Cut flowers Cut flower Nursery Total Total F/N F/N Cut as percent imports stock, floriculture as percent imports flowers of total F/N per U.S. bulbs, and nursery of total U.S. per Year imports 1/ household etc. 2/ (F/N) ag. Imports 3/ household 1,000 dollars Percent Dollars 1,000 dollars 1,000 dollars Percent Dollars 1976 25,356 38 0.35 41,179 1977 38,310 45 0.52 46,480 1978 57,640 53 0.76 52,132 1979 77,471 56 1.00 60,661 1980 88,581 56 1.10 69,490 1981 102,805 60 1.25 67,833 1982 130,231 65 1.57 69,881 1983 163,033 69 1.95 73,811 1984 214,200 69 2.51 94,946 1985 220,870 68 2.55 104,020 1986 234,895 66 2.68 123,151 1987 243,609 65 2.74 132,256 1988 283,505 66 3.14 145,663 1989 315,654 62 3.45 195,749 1990 326,246 61 3.55 211,506 1991 322,016 59 3.46 224,801 1992 352,366 58 3.72 251,570 1993 382,182 58 4.01 271,860 1994 420,104 59 4.38 292,294 1995 511,524 60 5.25 347,306 1996 572,550 60 5.80 379,408 1997 595,045 59 5.96 408,748 1998 614,362 57 6.08 466,102 1999 592,366 54 5.74 508,559 2000 610,461 53 5.79 549,375 2001 565,468 49 5.29 585,587 2002p 541,466 48 5.01 591,554 p = Preliminary. 1/ F/N = floriculture and nursery products. 2/ Includes other floriculture imports except cut flowers. 3/ ag. = agricultural. Sources: FATUS, USDA; U.S. Census Bureau. 66,535 84,790 109,772 138,132 158,071 170,638 200,112 236,844 309,145 324,891 358,046 375,865 429,169 511,403 537,751 546,817 603,936 654,042 712,398 858,830 951,958 1,003,793 1,080,464 1,100,924 1,159,835 1,151,055 1,133,020 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.7 0.91 1.14 1.44 1.79 1.97 2.08 2.41 2.83 3.63 3.75 4.08 4.23 4.76 5.59 5.85 5.87 6.38 6.86 7.42 8.82 9.64 10.05 10.69 10.66 11.00 10.76 10.49

Exports Total F/N exports floriculture as percent and nursery of total F/N exports imports 1,000 dollars Percent 33,681 41,823 48,398 51,457 61,649 72,464 70,848 71,755 63,495 55,265 62,470 67,171 83,797 119,942 203,964 215,765 221,500 241,543 252,214 241,012 242,459 282,770 305,841 299,330 278,838 264,233 249,371 51 49 44 37 39 42 35 30 21 17 17 18 20 23 38 39 37 37 35 28 25 28 28 27 24 23 22

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Table 87--Cut flowers: Value of U.S. imports, by region and country, 1993 to date 1/ Source country NAFTA Canada Mexico Central America Guatemala Costa Rica Caribbean Dominican Rep. South America Colombia Venezuela Ecuador Peru Chile Brazil European Union France Ireland Italy Netherlands Middle East Israel South Asia India Sri Lanka Southeast Asia Thailand Singapore East Asia China Oceania Australia New Zealand Africa South Africa Rest of the world 2/ World 1993 18,514 4,584 13,930 16,687 5,033 11,639 2,387 1,872 273,880 251,837 239 19,575 1,082 650 103 57,480 2,047 214 1,128 53,460 1,850 1,828 1,153 978 0 4,325 4,275 22 757 523 3,419 2,614 805 1,518 841 212 382,182 1994 21,140 5,772 15,368 21,679 6,597 15,060 2,049 1,510 299,330 270,219 204 26,080 538 1,239 133 61,100 2,025 289 823 57,116 2,095 2,094 2,103 1,871 0 4,473 4,323 80 862 777 3,811 2,808 1,002 1,263 445 197 420,104 1995 30,646 7,455 23,191 22,360 7,376 14,979 1,832 1,172 374,090 321,273 60 50,498 582 1,059 170 65,428 2,370 138 1,058 61,162 3,050 3,029 3,793 3,749 0 4,906 4,606 132 355 302 3,586 2,405 1,181 1,323 607 156 511,524 1996 29,534 10,012 19,522 23,892 7,564 16,311 2,055 1,480 437,638 366,395 79 68,210 1,295 1,009 89 62,740 2,079 155 788 59,005 3,387 3,350 2,943 2,927 4 4,298 4,189 66 765 685 3,634 2,295 1,339 1,587 736 78 572,550 1997 1998 --1,000 dollars-38,520 14,871 23,649 25,983 7,998 17,974 1,805 1,390 447,051 359,620 292 83,497 1,617 1,402 95 65,533 1,980 271 825 61,774 4,017 3,832 1,299 1,140 87 3,800 3,766 28 431 377 4,043 2,372 1,668 2,520 1,269 44 595,045 40,740 15,554 25,186 26,540 7,397 18,993 1,367 1,198 455,339 360,626 703 90,119 1,019 2,321 101 73,929 1,966 355 1,431 69,200 4,577 4,468 892 848 0 2,981 2,921 54 845 683 4,440 2,356 2,078 2,707 1,545 4 614,362 1999 42,701 15,477 27,224 25,025 5,641 19,380 1,325 1,244 441,486 343,684 611 92,299 1,598 3,024 49 65,389 1,656 391 1,241 61,645 4,361 4,345 679 652 3 2,749 2,599 150 1,771 1,698 4,779 2,498 2,261 2,034 1,134 66 592,366 2000 47,430 17,809 29,621 24,961 5,485 19,427 1,286 1,133 442,602 347,242 585 89,249 2,478 2,920 82 75,196 1,413 687 1,127 71,639 5,821 5,821 1,355 672 649 3,394 3,008 360 1,471 1,421 4,963 2,518 2,420 1,862 1,020 120 610,461 2001 47,374 17,959 29,415 18,082 3,373 14,705 1,749 1,530 408,338 302,450 250 99,722 2,334 3,398 142 69,653 833 535 988 67,070 6,888 6,888 1,671 799 845 3,172 2,714 419 1,368 1,360 5,400 2,235 3,165 1,685 1,058 89 565,468 2002 44,548 17,053 27,495 18,415 3,023 15,201 2,035 1,820 382,270 289,554 49 87,252 1,700 2,925 747 74,095 754 572 1,127 71,256 7,334 7,332 1,206 731 452 3,166 2,841 283 1,080 1,015 4,823 1,571 3,253 2,412 868 81 541,466

1/ Includes fresh, dried, dyed, preserved cut flower products, and buds for bouquets. Excludes cut decorative greens. 2/ Includes other Europe, New Independent States, and Central Asia. Source: FATUS, ERS.

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Table 88--Nursery stock: Value of U.S. imports, by region and country, 1993 to date 1/ Source country NAFTA Canada Mexico Central America Guatemala Costa Rica Caribbean South America Colombia Chile European Union Belgium France Italy Netherlands United Kingdom Middle East Israel South Asia India Southeast Asia Thailand Philippines East Asia China Taiwan Japan Oceania New Zealand Africa South Africa Rest of the world 2/ 1993 102,923 95,361 7,562 16,748 3,459 11,426 1,757 1,052 354 139 122,554 1,277 2,533 2,009 111,310 3,804 7,720 7,576 2,266 2,239 4,901 2,022 1,929 7,532 3,707 1,670 1,082 1,988 1,008 2,163 1,576 256 1994 109,613 103,361 6,252 17,275 3,422 11,695 1,472 844 308 75 137,441 1,460 1,365 2,506 126,355 3,999 6,059 5,914 2,605 2,494 5,084 2,789 1,538 6,748 2,870 1,798 1,132 1,812 827 3,102 1,940 239 1995 131,493 123,502 7,991 18,280 4,128 12,307 1,806 1,571 562 393 162,928 1,348 1,741 3,377 148,781 4,793 6,476 6,369 3,583 3,540 6,044 3,398 1,888 8,333 4,031 2,167 1,073 2,073 995 4,295 2,116 424 1996 155,329 145,693 9,636 21,298 6,201 12,826 1,383 2,219 1,184 333 167,120 1,501 1,286 3,797 153,946 4,428 7,633 7,531 3,033 3,007 4,402 1,619 1,695 10,773 5,882 2,560 1,229 1,380 781 4,662 2,047 175 1997 1998 --1,000 dollars-185,246 174,075 11,171 21,549 6,525 13,296 1,426 2,439 1,261 482 164,608 2,175 2,013 4,942 148,278 5,222 8,133 7,874 4,380 4,343 4,387 1,788 1,729 10,808 4,249 4,384 1,412 1,597 947 3,949 2,148 224 226,521 213,776 12,744 24,631 8,307 14,859 1,555 3,824 1,963 1,136 174,955 1,871 1,780 5,631 157,562 5,569 7,991 7,898 5,064 5,050 4,070 1,359 1,850 11,565 2,919 6,424 1,234 1,460 1,029 4,200 2,381 265 1999 248,015 234,358 13,657 28,124 9,894 16,879 2,270 4,981 1,492 2,533 187,196 1,856 2,525 6,350 167,818 6,337 9,192 9,053 3,159 3,139 4,929 1,795 1,853 13,858 3,539 8,202 1,295 1,909 1,375 4,279 2,475 649 2000 280,945 264,874 16,072 33,698 11,639 20,496 1,354 5,295 1,778 2,554 178,170 2,035 2,774 5,743 158,565 7,171 10,762 10,622 4,550 4,488 6,738 2,871 2,797 19,352 5,519 11,140 1,574 2,835 2,122 4,885 2,848 789 549,375 2001 309,189 292,937 16,253 37,689 14,543 21,258 766 7,849 3,949 2,693 175,510 2,014 2,824 7,401 157,146 4,610 9,585 9,432 3,942 3,905 8,793 5,399 2,007 24,094 8,340 12,252 1,445 3,139 2,408 4,223 2,618 807 585,587 2002 313,976 298,234 15,743 40,641 16,024 22,963 745 8,243 3,904 2,904 168,107 1,964 2,351 7,615 150,807 3,494 9,755 9,583 5,011 4,923 7,899 4,673 1,903 27,716 11,664 12,954 1,389 3,427 2,548 4,945 3,130 1,090 591,554

World 271,860 292,294 347,306 379,408 408,748 466,102 508,559 1/ Includes all greenhouse products, cut decorative greens, live plants, bulbs, etc., except cut flowers. 2/ Includes other Europe, New Independent States, and Central Asia. Source: FATUS, ERS.

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Table 89--Cut flowers and nursery stock: Value of U.S. imports, by region and country, 1993 to date 1/ Source country 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 --1,000 dollars-223,766 188,946 34,820 47,532 14,523 31,270 3,231 2,210 449,491 360,881 392 83,519 1,623 1,884 514 230,142 2,213 3,994 5,767 210,052 5,706 12,150 11,706 5,680 5,483 8,187 5,554 1,734 11,239 4,625 686 4,413 1,432 5,640 2,930 2,615 6,469 3,417 267 267,261 229,330 37,931 51,172 15,704 33,851 2,922 2,187 459,163 362,589 730 90,153 1,044 3,457 555 248,884 2,008 3,746 7,062 226,762 5,962 12,567 12,365 5,957 5,897 7,051 4,280 1,850 12,410 3,603 879 6,545 1,253 5,900 2,728 3,106 6,907 3,926 269 1999 2000 2001 2002

NAFTA Canada Mexico Central America Guatemala Costa Rica Caribbean Dominican Rep. South America Colombia Venezuela Ecuador Peru Chile Brazil European Union Belgium France Italy Netherlands United Kingdom Middle East Israel South Asia India Southeast Asia Thailand Philippines East Asia China South Korea Taiwan Japan Oceania Australia New Zealand Africa South Africa Rest of the world 2/

121,437 99,945 21,492 33,435 8,492 23,065 4,144 2,737 274,933 252,192 274 19,590 1,107 789 343 180,034 1,302 4,580 3,137 164,770 4,222 9,570 9,404 3,419 3,217 9,226 6,297 1,947 8,290 4,230 965 1,779 1,118 5,406 3,564 1,813 3,681 2,418 467

130,753 109,133 21,620 38,954 10,019 26,755 3,521 2,462 300,174 270,527 245 26,094 553 1,313 451 198,541 1,465 3,390 3,329 183,471 4,443 8,155 8,008 4,708 4,365 9,557 7,112 1,544 7,610 3,647 835 1,804 1,162 5,623 3,753 1,829 4,366 2,385 435

162,139 130,957 31,182 40,640 11,504 27,286 3,638 2,192 375,660 321,835 60 50,503 623 1,452 575 228,356 1,353 4,111 4,435 209,943 5,085 9,526 9,399 7,376 7,289 10,950 8,004 1,949 8,688 4,333 932 2,179 1,100 5,658 3,425 2,177 5,618 2,722 580

184,863 155,705 29,158 45,190 13,765 29,136 3,438 2,530 439,857 367,579 86 68,250 1,321 1,342 542 229,859 1,501 3,365 4,585 212,951 4,833 11,021 10,881 5,975 5,934 8,701 5,809 1,738 11,538 6,566 902 2,566 1,274 5,014 2,856 2,120 6,249 2,783 253

290,716 249,835 40,881 53,149 15,536 36,259 3,595 2,069 446,467 345,176 664 92,349 1,608 5,556 722 252,585 1,856 4,181 7,591 229,464 6,454 13,553 13,398 3,838 3,791 7,678 4,394 1,853 15,629 5,237 657 8,246 1,295 6,688 2,958 3,636 6,312 3,609 715

328,376 282,683 45,693 58,659 17,124 39,922 2,640 2,089 447,897 349,020 607 89,271 2,506 5,474 784 253,366 2,035 4,187 6,870 230,204 7,303 16,584 16,444 5,904 5,160 10,132 5,878 2,821 20,824 6,940 1,042 11,161 1,574 7,798 3,110 4,542 6,747 3,867 909

356,563 310,895 45,668 55,771 17,916 35,963 2,516 2,177 416,187 306,398 250 99,812 2,372 6,091 1,065 245,163 2,014 3,657 8,389 224,217 4,775 16,473 16,321 5,613 4,704 11,965 8,113 2,016 25,462 9,701 1,856 12,257 1,445 8,539 2,883 5,572 5,907 3,676 896

358,524 315,287 43,237 59,055 19,046 38,164 2,780 2,356 390,514 293,458 49 87,388 1,796 5,829 1,683 242,201 1,974 3,105 8,742 222,063 3,595 17,089 16,915 6,217 5,655 11,065 7,514 1,903 28,796 12,679 1,420 13,007 1,389 8,250 2,369 5,801 7,357 3,998 1,171

World 654,042 712,398 858,830 951,958 1,003,793 1,080,464 1,100,924 1,159,835 1,151,055 1,133,020 1/ Sum of cut flowers (table 92) and nursery stock (table 93). Data are equivalent to total floriculture and nursery import values. 2/ Includes other Europe, New Independent States, and Central Asia. Source: FATUS, ERS.

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Table 90--Floriculture and nursery products: Value of U.S. exports, by region and country, 1993 to date 1/ Destination country NAFTA Canada Mexico Central America Caribbean Bahamas Barbados South America Colombia European Union Belgium Germany Italy Netherlands Spain United Kingdom Middle East Asia South Asia Southeast Asia East Asia Hong Kong Taiwan Japan Oceania Africa Rest of the world 2/ World 1993 127,028 107,709 19,319 1,936 2,912 1,414 233 3,409 761 82,562 7,170 25,634 2,587 38,455 1,112 4,594 2,718 17,121 34 448 16,639 1,454 1,079 13,774 927 287 2,643 241,543 1994 135,219 110,173 25,046 2,847 3,087 1,211 97 6,233 1,200 64,455 1,846 20,983 2,595 31,196 1,335 4,260 1,554 34,574 249 1,176 33,150 1,564 1,294 22,428 1,480 274 2,491 252,214 1995 131,964 109,089 22,875 2,128 3,733 535 28 6,072 1,495 62,721 5,311 15,587 2,662 30,629 862 5,124 1,769 27,633 134 809 26,690 1,725 1,731 20,665 1,715 678 2,599 241,012 1996 134,229 106,112 28,116 1,511 3,655 975 23 6,044 1,194 68,522 2,986 18,212 1,968 37,787 999 4,928 784 24,118 21 1,500 22,597 922 1,899 15,168 894 373 2,329 242,459 1997 1998 --1,000 dollars-148,355 118,141 30,214 1,868 5,495 1,221 8 6,528 979 76,054 2,707 19,716 1,151 43,154 762 5,992 653 40,073 70 1,487 38,517 11,775 2,805 19,415 721 478 2,544 282,770 154,621 126,648 27,973 903 10,693 3,206 6 5,857 2,028 79,544 4,552 16,018 4,578 42,901 4,125 5,267 1,304 48,672 111 691 47,870 15,970 3,335 26,716 1,343 1,075 1,829 305,841 1999 156,476 128,162 28,314 3,596 10,966 6,249 112 5,525 1,782 75,514 4,392 14,528 4,332 42,591 1,482 5,349 1,155 43,228 197 1,363 41,668 24,260 1,971 11,681 1,369 597 905 299,330 2000 161,362 134,535 26,828 1,351 8,589 5,027 16 4,629 2,536 64,910 2,757 13,305 2,829 38,982 1,320 4,439 832 35,280 254 304 34,723 16,846 2,324 14,190 823 319 742 278,838 2001 163,141 137,450 25,691 1,001 8,735 2,315 4,513 3,501 1,600 66,870 2,154 11,063 1,151 45,090 1,977 3,611 892 18,182 225 235 17,722 993 2,087 12,068 541 467 904 264,233 2002 157,530 133,851 23,679 926 4,254 2,135 76 3,386 1,535 66,721 1,042 8,845 765 48,702 2,762 3,110 1,290 13,460 104 166 13,189 867 1,314 8,206 768 161 876 249,371

1/ Includes live trees, plants, bulbs, cut flowers, foliage, etc. 2/ Includes other Western Europe, Eastern Europe, New Independent States, and Central Asia. Source: FATUS, ERS.

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Table 91--Floriculture and nursery products: Value of U.S. imports, by product, 1995 to date 1/ Product name and description 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 ---1,000 dollars--Tulip bulbs, dormant Hyacinth bulbs, dormant Lily bulbs, dormant Narcissus bulbs, dormant Crocus corms, dormant Lily of the valley pips, dormant Iris bulbs, dormant Gladiolus corms, dormant Begonia tubers, dormant Bulbs, tubers, corms, crowns, etc, nesoi, dormant Hyacinth bulbs, no soil attached Bulbs, nesoi Total bulbs, tubers, etc. (HS code 0601) Unrooted cuttings and slips of plants, nesoi Trees, shrubs, bushes which bear edible fruit/nuts Rhododendrons and azaleas, grafted or not Roses, grafted or not Orchid plants, live Chrysanthemums with soil attached to roots Herbaceous perennials with soil attached, nesoi Herbaceous perennials, nesoi Mushroom spawn Trees and shrubs with soil attached to roots, nesoi Poinsettias, live, with soil attached to roots Plants, live, with soil attached to roots, nesoi Trees and shrubs, live, without soil attached, nesoi Plants, live, without soil attached to roots, nesoi Total live trees, plants, etc. (HS code 0602) Miniature carnations, fresh Sweetheart roses, fresh Spray roses, fresh Roses, nesoi, fresh Pompon chrysanthemums, fresh Chrysanthemums except pompon, fresh Standard carnations, fresh Anthuriums, fresh Dendrobium orchids, fresh Orchids except dendrobium, fresh Cut flowers and flower buds, nesoi, fresh Alstroemeria, fresh Gypsophila, fresh Lilies, fresh Snapdragons, fresh Cut flowers/buds, dried, dyed, or prepared Total cut flowers and buds (HS code 0603) Mosses, lichens, fresh, dried, or prepared Douglas fir, Christmas trees, fresh Fir except Douglas fir, Christmas trees, fresh Evergreen Christmas trees, fresh, nesoi Foliage, branches, etc., fresh, nesoi Foliage, branches, etc., dried or bleached Foliage, branches, etc., dyed or prepared Total foliage, branches, etc. (HS code 0604) 42,608 9,138 25,143 19,998 5,104 539 4,631 4,289 2,696 37,319 6 7,927 159,398 18,042 8,092 1,793 4,775 4,101 11,540 8,812 1,964 531 6,287 3,855 33,372 1,236 19,292 123,691 33,377 1,209 --150,931 65,941 9,192 80,089 838 3,295 2,088 148,266 --------16,297 511,524 1,374 162 12,783 5,120 24,053 13,410 2,991 59,893 40,527 8,044 29,219 18,240 4,121 942 6,046 4,981 2,271 42,014 21 10,180 166,607 22,129 8,661 2,231 7,222 4,303 12,607 13,632 1,735 374 10,360 5,927 34,196 1,922 20,140 145,438 36,571 1,368 --177,555 68,966 11,520 90,075 855 3,277 1,737 165,749 --------14,876 572,550 1,504 131 10,949 9,186 27,577 13,067 3,148 65,563 41,505 7,840 24,923 19,972 3,580 709 5,311 3,786 2,124 43,401 10 12,527 165,690 23,670 10,163 2,296 7,365 6,567 14,333 14,158 2,113 1,315 12,881 6,915 47,428 2,257 20,189 171,650 37,751 1,375 --205,220 66,732 10,790 79,504 642 3,002 1,432 172,767 --------15,833 595,045 1,649 160 11,525 10,494 28,467 14,245 3,630 70,170 43,173 8,217 23,550 20,552 3,750 584 5,928 3,855 1,799 50,231 22 14,079 175,741 28,144 12,186 2,414 7,967 9,376 13,982 13,138 5,410 1,412 17,628 7,619 63,368 2,725 27,586 212,956 38,740 1,565 --215,951 73,023 9,840 74,559 328 2,330 1,495 181,072 --------15,459 614,362 1,844 236 14,263 8,160 31,917 16,259 3,646 76,325 45,259 7,666 29,891 20,846 3,661 714 5,493 4,654 1,769 53,747 19 14,109 187,829 29,923 8,655 3,400 9,061 11,838 13,334 14,688 7,121 2,115 20,562 8,684 73,978 3,312 35,976 242,647 41,059 1,933 4,033 195,161 67,441 8,939 70,713 247 2,312 1,458 118,948 26,750 22,225 13,022 728 17,399 592,366 2,482 212 16,171 6,580 36,864 13,282 1,478 77,069

2000 42,939 7,420 30,058 20,197 3,156 428 4,784 4,527 1,719 49,379 47 15,831 180,486 36,710 6,746 3,484 11,554 15,864 15,238 15,498 11,817 1,969 25,416 9,842 85,808 4,878 37,060 281,884 34,127 1,309 5,401 206,018 61,765 11,629 56,983 500 2,606 2,023 158,358 19,356 21,019 12,091 1,606 15,671 610,461 2,886 81 18,863 5,094 40,139 17,057 2,089 86,208

2001 42,657 7,586 31,958 18,313 3,027 451 4,619 4,483 1,646 46,168 23 19,502 180,432 45,449 6,626 3,710 13,224 21,013 18,306 18,051 12,058 1,530 29,419 9,243 89,242 5,218 43,084 316,174 26,530 942 5,798 198,948 50,629 10,025 44,815 324 2,345 1,933 148,797 23,647 21,872 11,977 2,596 14,289 565,468 3,495 90 21,539 4,577 41,493 14,067 2,960 88,220

2002p 41,822 7,393 28,153 18,287 3,293 448 5,263 4,050 1,417 44,812 39 15,317 170,294 50,640 6,314 3,254 14,014 21,719 16,406 19,286 9,626 1,341 26,286 10,406 101,210 5,633 47,439 333,574 24,331 1,236 5,743 183,733 41,586 12,703 38,778 367 2,434 1,724 151,403 30,155 19,127 13,536 2,446 12,163 541,466 3,642 109 22,005 4,142 39,187 15,249 2,567 86,901

- - - = Not available; p = preliminary; nesoi = not elsewhere specified or included. 1/ Imports are in consumption customs value. Source: FATUS, ERS.

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Table 92--Floriculture and nursery products: Quantity of U.S. imports, by product, 1995 to date 1/ Product name and description 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 ---1,000 units--Tulip bulbs, dormant Hyacinth bulbs, dormant Lily bulbs, dormant Narcissus bulbs, dormant Crocus corms, dormant Lily of the valley pips, dormant Iris bulbs, dormant Gladiolus corms, dormant Begonia tubers, dormant Bulbs, tubers, corms, crowns, etc, nesoi, dormant Hyacinth bulbs, no soil attached Bulbs, nesoi Total bulbs, tubers, etc. (HS code 0601) Unrooted cuttings and slips of plants, nesoi Trees, shrubs, bushes which bear edible fruit/nuts Rhododendrons and azaleas, grafted or not Roses, grafted or not Orchid plants, live 1/ Chrysanthemums with soil attached to roots Herbaceous perennials with soil attached, nesoi Herbaceous perennials, nesoi 1/ Mushroom spawn 1/ Trees and shrubs with soil attached to roots, nesoi Poinsettias, live, with soil attached to roots Plants, live, with soil attached to roots, nesoi Trees and shrubs, live, without soil attached, nesoi Plants, live, without soil attached to roots, nesoi Total live trees, plants, etc. (HS code 0602) 2/ Miniature (spray) carnations, fresh Sweetheart roses, fresh Spray roses, fresh Roses, nesoi, fresh Pompon chrysanthemums, fresh Chrysanthemums except pompon, fresh Standard carnations, fresh Anthuriums, fresh Dendrobium orchids, fresh Orchids except dendrobium, fresh Cut flowers and flower buds, nesoi, fresh Alstroemeria, fresh Gypsophila, fresh Lilies, fresh Snapdragons, fresh Cut flowers/buds, dried, dyed, or prepared Total cut flowers and buds (HS code 0603) Mosses, lichens, fresh, dried, or prepared Douglas fir, Christmas trees, fresh Fir except Douglas fir, Christmas trees, fresh Evergreen Christmas trees, fresh, nesoi Foliage, branches, etc., fresh, nesoi Foliage, branches, etc., dried or bleached Foliage, branches, etc., dyed or prepared Total foliage, branches, etc. (HS code 0604)

2000

2001

2002p

330,127 339,072 426,258 408,660 422,915 446,796 446,926 457,651 35,689 36,643 39,174 37,711 37,258 39,550 41,222 41,645 106,643 125,845 139,999 143,689 158,304 175,130 200,917 192,838 143,936 137,265 165,164 170,969 174,876 176,390 174,968 192,407 86,756 81,212 87,069 95,914 93,394 91,166 80,844 86,728 5,258 8,170 6,596 4,617 5,362 3,531 3,211 3,182 121,125 119,366 117,253 124,495 124,118 129,392 111,121 133,359 147,018 193,836 180,693 182,636 234,682 200,403 204,732 199,973 14,062 11,826 9,180 6,121 9,396 7,853 7,560 5,395 328,524 348,519 382,443 393,119 392,720 339,216 304,356 338,296 0 39 20 50 99 18 14 32 5,580 7,950 10,915 8,079 10,791 12,028 12,305 10,261 1,324,719 1,409,741 1,564,763 1,576,058 1,663,914 1,621,473 1,588,175 1,661,768 182,586 96,801 543 2,555 152 4,886 6,614 200 382 5,463 1,466 104,344 1,326 142,069 548,653 255,418 97,941 743 3,477 223 5,780 11,649 258 271 10,894 2,770 130,764 2,246 124,514 646,195 284,019 108,568 631 3,901 289 7,838 11,185 486 960 11,385 4,797 163,712 1,578 94,228 691,839 363,335 110,733 545 5,005 418 6,830 10,635 1,323 1,055 14,027 4,011 175,265 1,868 174,163 866,417 404,772 97,126 747 4,906 564 6,409 10,036 1,060 1,649 17,311 3,932 102,249 3,293 248,895 899,674 497,559 568,517 656,232 73,903 79,968 82,746 929 868 2,185 6,919 6,907 7,392 888 1,156 1,186 7,215 8,763 7,057 10,494 10,892 12,943 1,813 1,832 2,408 1,601 1,496 1,526 22,457 43,551 30,378 4,641 4,484 5,334 119,576 117,091 133,054 4,070 4,152 3,828 245,290 245,666 277,603 993,052 1,090,860 1,218,753

338,775 351,627 372,442 348,137 332,409 300,763 267,163 257,999 3,228 4,384 4,762 5,540 5,225 4,136 2,542 4,418 --------17,137 23,203 25,961 28,983 773,764 837,414 944,466 976,818 902,793 941,274 964,952 980,770 591,447 611,576 537,972 560,866 482,084 518,362 491,972 444,168 51,277 52,174 52,214 49,407 45,195 39,377 55,085 83,211 843,935 913,641 834,952 711,965 656,565 587,336 494,673 435,049 1,554 1,504 1,047 603 283 2,410 1,884 608 15,926 28,431 29,266 41,970 52,731 52,273 51,806 54,566 6,034 6,424 4,865 4,527 3,808 5,433 3,720 3,731 ------------------------134,743 115,515 112,289 125,089 --------116,778 99,564 101,772 101,894 --------56,166 32,463 32,631 28,825 --------775 4,130 5,646 5,051 ----------------2,625,940 2,807,175 2,781,986 2,699,834 2,806,691 2,726,240 2,612,095 2,554,362 --34 1,472 578 ------2,083 --29 1,273 1,000 ------2,302 --31 1,420 1,132 ------2,584 --33 1,601 980 ------2,613 --57 1,768 646 ------2,472 --15 2,048 449 ------2,512 --21 2,174 417 ------2,612 --19 2,222 398 ------2,639

- - - = Not available; p = preliminary; nesoi = not elsewhere specified or included. 1/ Units are in 1,000 kilograms. 2/ Units are in number or quantity only. Source: FATUS, ERS.

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Table 93--Cut flowers: Quantity and value of U.S. imports, by product and country, 1998 to date Quantity Product / country 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002p 1998 1,000 stems Roses, fresh: 1/ Canada Mexico Guatemala Colombia Ecuador Netherlands Israel World

1999

Value 2000 1,000 dollars

2001

2002p

3,405 30,274 34,177 611,075 287,638 9,157 2,706 982,358

3,885 32,189 21,968 545,644 309,312 7,032 3,013 925,155

3,198 35,728 22,863 578,626 310,253 9,922 3,632 968,613

3,089 1,651 31,120 23,043 14,297 13,049 570,273 644,196 360,219 309,045 6,195 7,217 4,024 5,010 993,455 1,014,171

2,335 9,440 5,744 138,144 57,610 2,692 433 217,517

2,391 8,373 4,099 124,066 59,188 2,178 428 201,126

2,001 10,058 4,419 132,942 59,137 2,815 702 212,728

1,783 9,411 2,873 122,360 66,109 2,082 615 205,688

1,163 7,359 2,804 122,467 52,982 2,218 687 190,712

Carnations, fresh: 2/ Mexico 2,272 Guatemala 10,409 Colombia 992,991 Ecuador 41,691 Netherlands 1,646 Spain 2,887 Morocco 4,049 World 1,060,102 Chrysanthemums, fresh: 3/ Canada 16 Costa Rica 46,238 Colombia 554,209 Ecuador 1,008 Netherlands 8,770 World 610,274

1,579 10,842 919,886 50,944 505 1,484 1,595 988,974

2,396 7,601 852,163 22,178 731 1,516 752 888,099

3,618 3,075 743,840 9,713 155 704 287 761,836

5,070 11 676,726 8,040 225 1,724 638 693,048

191 1,255 105,821 4,485 261 299 530 113,299

130 1,122 104,147 5,616 78 154 237 111,772

191 700 87,242 2,477 94 148 129 91,110

346 318 69,417 1,052 21 56 52 71,345

744 20 61,177 818 60 127 96 63,109

60 42,463 479,067 1,106 4,530 527,279

142 42,200 506,874 1,913 6,583 557,739

1,069 34,946 506,003 1,682 3,310 547,057

1,711 28,827 489,734 1,968 5,107 527,379

23 6,047 74,020 516 2,235 82,863

86 5,497 68,761 196 1,821 76,379

121 5,609 64,459 262 2,925 73,394

682 4,038 54,306 183 1,425 60,655

950 3,698 48,120 128 1,384 54,289

Other cut flowers, fresh and prepared: 4/ Canada 8 786 908 1,604 1,206 13,194 12,949 15,657 Mexico 9 944 4,999 5,060 1,123 15,556 18,719 19,372 Costa Rica 1,382 40,545 17,341 17,682 14,287 12,207 13,693 13,687 Colombia 78 153,765 132,886 130,050 156,077 42,641 46,711 62,600 Ecuador --93,829 78,736 84,752 75,045 27,508 27,299 27,373 Netherlands 447 11,807 11,531 8,070 7,342 64,013 57,569 65,805 Israel 27 598 640 94 12 3,932 3,878 5,109 World 47,100 365,284 311,788 309,746 319,764 200,683 203,089 233,228 - - - = Not available; p = preliminary. All imported cut flowers are found under HS code 0603. 1/ Includes sweetheart, spray, and other roses. 2/ Includes miniature (spray) and standard carnations. 3/ Includes pompon and other chrysanthemums. 4/ Includes anthuriums, dendrobium and other orchids, alstroemeria, gypsophila, lilies, snapdragons, and other cut flowers. Source: FATUS, USDA.

15,446 19,658 10,605 56,367 32,377 63,543 6,273 227,780

14,925 19,392 11,424 57,789 33,323 67,594 6,641 233,355

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Table 94--Live plants and trees: Quantity and value of U.S. imports, by product and country, 1998 to date Quantity Value Product / country 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002p 1998 1999 2000 1,000 units 1,000 dollars Live plants and trees, cuttings, etc. (HS code 0602) Canada 407,931 398,543 388,233 Mexico 58,009 75,027 91,375 Guatemala 156,597 170,204 229,608 Costa Rica 158,885 163,164 189,350 U.K. 1,370 3,337 1,898 Netherlands 12,433 15,735 20,322 Israel 5,051 11,514 15,539 Thailand 284 128 869 China 1,701 1,779 2,272 Taiwan 344 929 4,035 World 866,417 899,674 993,052 Unrooted cuttings and slips of plants: Canada 3,899 1,543 Mexico 50,863 72,122 Guatemala 118,462 125,565 Costa Rica 126,532 133,690 Belgium 3,366 4,207 Israel 4,672 10,047 China 1,338 1,310 World 363,335 404,772 Herbaceous perennials: 1/ Canada 1,123 U.K. 6 Netherlands 157 Israel 7 China 8 Taiwan 1 Japan 1 World 1,323

2001

2002p

422,599 97,266 246,966 212,674 1,183 20,820 18,064 296 15,107 7,150 1,090,860

445,879 102,947 287,712 259,061 950 19,091 15,708 236 24,806 5,469 1,218,753

155,216 5,418 7,141 13,338 1,505 7,879 1,820 938 801 6,415 212,956

178,127 6,920 8,625 12,374 1,956 7,831 2,708 1,428 1,163 8,193 242,647

203,370 7,809 10,321 15,346 3,040 9,909 3,376 2,344 1,772 10,655 281,884

225,559 8,664 13,025 17,833 1,763 10,848 3,098 4,838 4,119 11,712 316,174

236,361 9,345 14,625 20,256 963 10,225 2,346 4,273 7,517 12,318 333,574

1,675 89,227 186,767 154,204 4,581 15,535 1,356 497,559

2,290 95,433 215,112 185,682 5,719 17,806 4,334 568,517

3,861 99,452 245,450 232,690 5,763 14,501 10,206 656,232

1,525 4,639 4,835 8,860 572 722 146 28,144

626 6,397 6,456 8,104 673 1,155 123 29,923

802 7,259 9,104 10,255 964 1,730 214 36,710

987 8,007 11,999 13,743 1,250 1,996 1,195 45,449

1,529 8,651 12,845 15,059 1,321 1,934 2,744 50,640

745 6 145 12 52 24 4 1,060

1,224 35 183 25 64 48 21 1,813

1,286 13 243 17 72 93 26 1,832

1,884 1 217 3 92 107 38 2,408

28,594 411 2,586 579 114 24 40 32,530

29,569 672 2,856 789 309 89 99 35,142

33,701 1,545 3,430 1,633 543 236 472 42,553

40,038 750 3,432 1,063 598 637 656 48,415

39,923 88 2,417 246 392 550 563 45,318

Orchid plants, live: Netherlands 44 32 57 81 79 1,141 1,274 1,819 2,821 Thailand 61 110 141 339 297 843 1,385 1,904 4,621 South Korea 11 3 10 47 37 379 63 341 1,389 Taiwan 244 307 410 419 501 6,194 7,900 9,688 9,387 World 418 564 888 1,156 1,186 9,376 11,838 15,864 21,013 p = Preliminary. 1/ Includes hardy and garden chrysanthemums, hosta, and other herbaceous perennials, live, with or without soil attached to roots. Source: FATUS, ERS.

2,547 3,943 932 10,670 21,719

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Table 95--Bulbs and tubers: Quantity and value of U.S. imports, by product and country, 1998 to date Quantity Value Product / country 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002p 1998 1999 2000 1,000 units 1,000 dollars All bulbs, tubers, etc. (HS code 0601): Canada 7,289 6,009 Chile 3,146 6,536 U.K. 46,605 54,753 Netherlands 1,462,524 1,537,972 France 765 2,611 Israel 38,464 36,914 New Zealand 1,009 2,554 South Africa 811 1,478 World 1,576,058 1,663,914 Tulip bulbs, dormant: Canada 22 Chile 215 Netherlands 407,438 France --New Zealand 554 World 408,660

2001

2002p

7,930 9,573 55,605 1,480,627 5,792 39,141 5,728 1,385 1,621,473

8,167 7,065 9,606 13,369 45,049 45,496 1,461,650 1,522,714 10,225 9,577 33,694 45,657 5,679 6,397 1,111 1,513 1,588,175 1,661,768

13,764 712 3,788 148,467 96 5,393 214 1,250 175,741

12,714 1,946 4,239 158,858 457 5,717 506 1,205 187,829

15,469 1,862 3,949 147,367 698 6,437 867 1,332 180,486

19,168 1,838 2,696 145,136 1,307 5,687 933 1,144 180,432

15,095 1,866 2,377 139,309 893 6,056 953 1,614 170,294

5 234 419,646 1,126 1,297 422,915

11 2,031 438,777 2,095 3,777 446,796

47 1,054 439,931 2,313 3,327 446,926

83 1,765 450,541 1,785 3,475 457,651

33 31 43,025 --62 43,173

10 30 44,630 311 182 45,259

21 360 41,818 330 398 42,939

77 158 41,685 392 305 42,657

13 239 40,846 330 387 41,822

Lily bulbs, dormant: Chile 2,931 6,294 Netherlands 140,412 150,599 France ----Israel 64 232 New Zealand 224 957 World 143,689 158,304 - - - = Not available; p = preliminary. Source: FATUS, ERS.

7,532 161,437 529 3,391 1,707 175,130

8,108 179,453 2,658 6,519 1,755 200,917

10,732 174,148 958 4,224 2,105 192,838

681 22,756 --20 75 23,550

1,907 27,649 --47 245 29,891

1,491 27,579 140 306 342 30,058

1,659 28,524 626 543 411 31,958

1,571 25,195 175 480 434 28,153

Table 96--Foliage and branches: Quantity and value of U.S. imports, by product and country, 1998 to date Quantity Value Product / country 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002p 1998 1999 2000 1,000 units 1,000 dollars Total foliage, branches, and Christmas trees (HS code 0604): Canada 2,612 2,469 2,510 2,610 Mexico --------Costa Rica --------Colombia --------Italy --------India --------China --------World 2,613 2,472 2,512 2,612 - - - = Not available; p = preliminary. Source: FATUS, ERS.

2001

2002p

2,619 ------------2,639

44,796 7,184 1,508 1,526 4,504 4,412 2,042 76,325

43,455 6,668 4,459 1,048 4,882 2,743 2,191 77,069

46,030 8,150 5,149 1,644 4,885 4,034 3,663 86,208

48,210 7,527 3,207 3,795 6,597 3,477 3,903 88,220

46,753 6,337 2,457 3,751 6,939 4,403 3,721 86,901

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Table 97--Floriculture and nursery products: Value of U.S. exports, by product, 1995 to date Product name and description 1995 1996 1997

1998 1999 ---1,000 dollars--17,623 4,944 22,567 13,047 13,766 5,846 7,264 2,230 33 1,446 16,174 10,772 1,316 --4,240 13,979 40,472 130,588 30,713 13,840 44,553 17,323 49,938 18,716 85,977 283,684 9,472 6,614 16,085 10,641 15,471 5,521 6,551 506 37 2,409 30,631 11,194 912 8 6,531 9,447 38,947 138,806 30,339 11,387 41,726 20,573 50,711 14,569 85,853 282,470

2000

2001

2002p

Bulbs, tubers, corms, crowns, rhizoms, etc., dormant Bulbs, etc., in growth or flower, chicory Total bulbs, tubers, etc. (HS code 0601) Unrooted cuttings and slips of plants, nesoi Trees, shrubs, bushes bearing edible fruit/nuts Rhododendrons and azaleas, grafted or not Rose plants, grafted or not Orchid plants, live Chrysanthemums, live, with soil attached to roots Herbaceous perennials with soil attached, live, nesoi Herbaceous perennials without soil attached, nesoi Mushroom spawn Trees and shrubs with soil attached to roots Poinsettias, live, with soil attached to roots Plants, live, with soil attached to roots, nesoi Trees and shrubs, live, without soil attached, nesoi Plants, live, without soil attached to roots, nesoi Total live plants and trees (HS code 0602) Cut flowers and flower buds, fresh Cut flowers / buds, dried, dyed, or prepared Total cut flowers and buds (HS code 0603) Mosses, lichens, fresh, dried, or prepared Foliage, branches, etc., fresh Foliage, branches, etc., dried, dyed, or prepared Total foliage, branches, etc. (HS code 0604) Total floriculture and nursery exports See footnotes at end of next table.

8,001 1,869 9,870 3,892 10,260 5,090 8,956 256 7 928 182 14,459 12,326 39 1,374 530 42,051 100,349 23,885 16,429 40,314 15,069 45,551 11,674 72,294 222,828

7,476 2,550 10,026 6,371 11,187 5,029 8,912 268 10 101 12,305 11,701 211 14 1,945 4,230 31,396 93,679 29,402 18,100 47,502 9,732 52,003 12,438 74,173 225,380

10,069 2,854 12,924 9,475 10,984 5,358 10,633 235 --310 26,552 11,014 582 19 2,266 4,422 33,146 114,998 32,780 15,973 48,753 13,501 56,586 14,294 84,380 261,054

10,056 3,655 13,711 12,951 11,467 5,020 6,637 144 3 1,615 20,867 10,943 1,106 34 3,988 10,339 43,891 129,006 29,466 10,253 39,719 14,616 58,660 9,009 82,284 264,720

8,482 3,373 11,854 11,745 13,740 5,655 5,743 236 26 158 4,145 10,931 396 19 6,271 9,831 46,268 115,165 31,498 8,177 39,675 1,909 74,404 10,380 86,693 253,387

10,083 2,206 12,290 8,736 13,124 5,913 4,999 249 35 294 3,459 9,331 1,110 3 2,834 11,283 48,831 110,200 29,410 6,706 36,116 2,021 75,136 6,209 83,367 241,973

Table 98--Floriculture and nursery products: Quantity of U.S. exports, by product, 1995 to date Product name and description 1995 1996 1997 1998 ---1,000 units--Bulbs, tubers, corms, crowns, rhizoms, etc., dormant Bulbs, etc., in growth or flower, chicory Total bulbs, tubers, etc. (HS code 0601) Unrooted cuttings and slips of plants, nesoi Trees, shrubs, bushes bearing edible fruit/nuts Rhododendrons and azaleas, grafted or not Rose plants, grafted or not Orchid plants, live 1/ Chrysanthemums, live, with soil attached to roots Herbaceous perennials with soil attached, live, nesoi Herbaceous perennials without soil attached, nesoi 1/ Mushroom spawn 1/ Trees and shrubs with soil attached to roots Poinsettias, live, with soil attached to roots Plants, live, with soil attached to roots, nesoi Trees and shrubs, live, without soil attached, nesoi Plants, live, without soil attached to roots, nesoi Total live plants and trees (HS code 0602), kg. Total live plants and trees (HS code 0602), number 6,466 479 6,945 4,711 413 1,216 1,859 10 1 110 18 6,518 2,941 7 422 63 16,785 6,546 28,528 5,702 784 6,486 6,155 484 1,228 1,797 52 1 23 4,962 5,358 25 2 518 378 2,708 10,372 13,319 7,305 1,267 8,572 7,184 478 1,214 2,449 112 --104 5,007 4,942 57 3 633 420 2,902 10,061 15,443 8,749 1,696 10,445 9,362 602 1,252 1,556 184 13 189 819 4,974 54 --1,148 4,122 17,973 5,977 36,271

1999

2000

2001

2002p

7,474 2,214 9,688 5,360 659 1,272 1,333 121 5 568 1,581 5,194 60 1 1,269 3,127 16,750 6,897 30,402

7,501 613 8,114 3,192 508 1,177 1,289 23 0 333 1,008 5,699 116 10 938 3,302 19,998 6,729 30,862

6,325 484 6,809 5,160 550 1,253 1,036 30 3 33 536 6,129 43 2 569 2,977 20,737 6,695 32,363

7,658 382 8,040 4,053 536 1,411 907 54 5 68 367 4,839 118 0 730 3,388 21,602 5,261 32,819

- - - = Not available; p = preliminary; nesoi = not elsewhere specified or included. 1/ Units are in 1,000 kilograms. Source: FATUS, ERS.

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Table 99--Population of the United States: Number of households, by year, by State Number of Size of Resident Year households 1/ household 2/ population Millions Average Millions 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 63.401 64.778 66.676 68.251 69.859 71.120 72.867 74.142 76.030 77.330 80.390 82.130 82.945 83.635 85.202 86.534 87.743 88.855 90.234 91.484 91.946 93.183 94.646 95.338 95.956 97.341 98.706 99.884 101.041 103.252 105.480 106.930 108.057 3.14 3.11 3.06 3.01 2.97 2.94 2.89 2.86 2.81 2.78 2.76 2.73 2.72 2.73 2.71 2.69 2.67 2.66 2.64 2.62 2.63 2.63 2.62 2.63 2.67 2.65 2.65 2.64 2.62 2.61 2.60 2.60 2.59 203.984 206.827 209.284 211.357 213.342 215.465 217.563 219.760 222.095 224.567 227.225 229.466 231.664 233.792 235.825 237.924 240.133 242.289 244.499 246.819 249.464 252.824 256.297 259.701 262.916 266.085 269.212 272.492 275.694 278.890 282.224 285.318 288.369

State

No. of housing units in 2001 3/ Millions

Population in 2002 Millions

Alabama 1.997 4.487 Alaska 0.263 0.644 Arizona 2.267 5.456 Arkansas 1.190 2.710 California 12.375 35.116 Colorado 1.874 4.507 Connecticut 1.395 3.461 Delaware 0.348 0.807 District of Columbia 0.274 0.571 Florida 7.477 16.713 Georgia 3.399 8.560 Hawaii 0.467 1.245 Idaho 0.541 1.341 Illinois 4.938 12.601 Indiana 2.580 6.159 Iowa 1.245 2.937 Kansas 1.146 2.716 Kentucky 1.779 4.093 Louisiana 1.866 4.483 Maine 0.659 1.294 Maryland 2.175 5.458 Massachusetts 2.638 6.428 Michigan 4.289 10.050 Minnesota 2.103 5.020 Mississippi 1.184 2.872 Missouri 2.477 5.673 Montana 0.415 0.909 Nebraska 0.732 1.729 Nevada 0.867 2.173 New Hampshire 0.555 1.275 New Jersey 3.348 8.590 New Mexico 0.795 1.855 New York 7.721 19.158 North Carolina 3.630 8.320 North Dakota 0.292 0.634 Ohio 4.836 11.421 Oklahoma 1.530 3.494 Oregon 1.476 3.522 Pennsylvania 5.294 12.335 Rhode Island 0.442 1.070 South Carolina 1.798 4.107 South Dakota 0.328 0.761 Tennessee 2.487 5.797 Texas 8.356 21.780 Utah 0.790 2.316 Vermont 0.297 0.617 Virginia 2.960 7.294 Washington 2.496 6.069 West Virginia 0.849 1.802 Wisconsin 2.356 5.441 Wyoming 0.226 0.499 1/ Number of households in 2001 is estimated, and is projected for 2002. All population estimates are as of July 1 of the year. 2/ The average size of household is projected for 2000-2002. 3/ Number of housing units is used to estimate the number of households in 2001, which is not yet available by State. The number of housing units may not equal the number of households because of either unoccupied housing units or more than one household living in a housing unit. Source: U.S. Bureau of Census.

Economic Research Service/USDA

Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003 * 93

Table 100--Number of U.S. households in 50 States, by region and State, 1992 to 2002 1/ States 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 -- 1,000 -United States Northeast Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire New Jersey New York Pennsylvania Rhode Island Vermont Midwest Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska North Dakota Ohio South Dakota Wisconsin South 2/ Alabama Arkansas Delaware Florida Georgia Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North Carolina Oklahoma South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia West Virginia 108,057 20,554 1,324 527 2,476 489 3,131 7,136 4,810 417 244 25,053 4,664 2,369 1,156 1,050 3,833 1,934 2,228 674 255 4,481 293 2,117 39,164 1,756 1,058 308 6,618 3,134 1,613 1,666 2,041 1,058 3,234 1,362 1,570 2,276 7,707 2,779 736 106,930 20,450 1,314 523 2,466 483 3,102 7,109 4,798 413 243 24,930 4,635 2,357 1,154 1,045 3,816 1,920 2,214 671 256 4,469 292 2,103 38,640 1,749 1,052 303 6,484 3,078 1,603 1,661 2,014 1,054 3,189 1,352 1,553 2,258 7,562 2,742 736 105,480 20,286 1,302 518 2,444 475 3,065 7,057 4,777 408 241 24,735 4,592 2,336 1,149 1,038 3,786 1,895 2,195 666 257 4,446 290 2,085 38,015 1,737 1,043 299 6,338 3,006 1,591 1,656 1,981 1,046 3,132 1,342 1,534 2,233 7,393 2,699 736 103,252 19,865 1,269 503 2,396 462 3,010 6,912 4,684 392 236 24,243 4,516 2,283 1,127 1,019 3,737 1,842 2,141 651 252 4,364 283 2,027 36,998 1,701 1,006 291 6,103 2,923 1,544 1,629 1,942 1,022 3,008 1,318 1,488 2,167 7,254 2,638 726 101,041 19,450 1,238 490 2,349 450 2,957 6,766 4,593 376 231 23,761 4,438 2,231 1,103 999 3,693 1,791 2,089 636 247 4,285 277 1,973 35,985 1,663 970 284 5,881 2,843 1,497 1,599 1,906 997 2,883 1,288 1,441 2,100 7,113 2,579 716 99,884 19,364 1,234 485 2,330 444 2,929 6,742 4,594 376 229 23,642 4,418 2,218 1,102 994 3,670 1,776 2,073 633 247 4,274 277 1,962 35,449 1,648 959 280 5,775 2,778 1,487 1,587 1,890 987 2,836 1,277 1,416 2,068 6,973 2,546 714 98,706 19,269 1,230 481 2,310 438 2,901 6,715 4,593 376 226 23,515 4,396 2,205 1,099 989 3,645 1,761 2,057 630 247 4,261 276 1,949 34,908 1,632 948 276 5,668 2,713 1,477 1,574 1,874 976 2,789 1,265 1,390 2,037 6,834 2,513 712 21,014 212 1,657 11,039 1,499 391 429 340 617 618 1,247 648 2,133 183

1995

1994

1993

1992

97,341 19,135 1,222 475 2,287 430 2,870 6,687 4,568 374 222 23,277 4,361 2,179 1,093 981 3,597 1,736 2,041 622 245 4,227 273 1,924 34,292 1,613 936 271 5,553 2,646 1,458 1,558 1,846 963 2,733 1,249 1,366 1,997 6,692 2,472 707 20,637 210 1,607 10,901 1,462 386 418 334 588 605 1,219 636 2,090 181

95,956 19,014 1,218 471 2,261 422 2,844 6,662 4,544 374 219 23,018 4,325 2,152 1,083 969 3,549 1,712 2,018 614 242 4,189 269 1,897 33,666 1,594 924 265 5,446 2,580 1,437 1,541 1,824 946 2,673 1,235 1,342 1,957 6,530 2,434 703 20,257 207 1,546 10,796 1,420 381 404 325 559 590 1,193 615 2,041 178

95,338 19,052 1,225 473 2,260 419 2,843 6,687 4,553 376 217 22,948 4,318 2,146 1,083 965 3,529 1,702 2,004 614 242 4,190 267 1,888 33,315 1,579 918 262 5,379 2,528 1,431 1,538 1,812 939 2,642 1,233 1,331 1,936 6,432 2,411 704 20,023 206 1,486 10,786 1,385 378 394 320 533 577 1,178 591 2,013 176

94,646 19,077 1,232 473 2,262 417 2,843 6,697 4,560 380 216 22,847 4,301 2,131 1,082 961 3,516 1,687 1,996 613 242 4,179 265 1,873 32,962 1,561 909 258 5,334 2,486 1,421 1,534 1,803 933 2,606 1,229 1,317 1,917 6,324 2,382 702 19,760 202 1,445 10,730 1,346 375 383 315 517 568 1,155 575 1,975 173

23,286 22,909 22,445 22,146 21,845 21,429 West 228 224 222 218 215 213 Alaska 2,014 1,959 1,901 1,830 1,762 1,709 Arizona 11,912 11,737 11,503 11,477 11,446 11,244 California 1,732 1,703 1,658 1,611 1,561 1,529 Colorado 415 409 403 401 401 396 Hawaii 486 479 470 459 448 438 Idaho 362 361 359 352 346 343 Montana 811 783 751 713 676 646 Nevada 692 683 678 655 632 625 New Mexico 1,373 1,354 1,334 1,311 1,286 1,267 Oregon 726 714 701 689 677 662 Utah 2,339 2,309 2,271 2,242 2,211 2,172 Washington Wyoming 196 194 194 189 185 184 1/ July 1 estimates. The number of households in 1999, 2001, and 2002 are projections. 2/ Includes the District of Columbia. Source: U.S. Census Bureau (population data through 1998, and for 2000).

94 * Floriculture and Nursery Crops / FLO-2003 / June 2003

Economic Research Service/USDA


				
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