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Building Kentuckys science and engineering capacity

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  • pg 1
									Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research




Building Kentucky’s science and engineering capacity
     1                                    the Kentucky statewide EPSCoR program


Objectives                                                                       Leadership
The principle objective of Kentucky’s Experimental Program                       The KY EPSCoR Program is led by Director, F. Richard Kurzynske
to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR) is to assist                          and Program Manager, Liz Knapp who comprise the program
Kentucky’s institutions of higher learning in competing more                     office staff and operate as an entity within the Kentucky Science
effectively for federal academic research funds. The KY                          and Technology Corporation (KSTC). The program is governed
EPSCoR program meets this objective by collaborating with                        by a Statewide Committee, chaired by Dr. Wimberly Royster
university faculty to competitively win research grants from                     and composed of twenty university and public/private sector
Federal EPSCoR programs in the fields of science, technology,                    members who are research advocates and academic leaders in
engineering and mathematics (STEM). Through EPSCoR                               the Commonwealth.
funding channels, investments are being made statewide in                        Under the Statewide Committee, subcommittees have been
human capital and physical infrastructures necessary to expand                   established for each of the Federal agencies who participate in
the Commonwealth’s research capacity and increase the state’s                    the EPSCoR program and require a state funding match (NSF,
research competitiveness and productivity.                                       NASA, DOE, DOD). Each subcommittee consists of a chairman
                                                                                 and seven to twelve members who have research expertise
History                                                                          aligned with the respective funding agency.
After World War II, federally funded academic research grew
dramatically, but national science policy at the time funneled
resources to a small number of states. To correct the
imbalance, the National Science Foundation (NSF) established
the EPSCoR Program as a unique infrastructure-building effort
to encourage local action for long term improvements in a
state’s science and engineering enterprise. Congress set aside a
budget for the NSF EPSCoR program to award on a competitive
basis to states who were each receiving less than 0.75% of the
NSF research budget.                                                                    Chairman,                       Director,             Program Manager,
                                                                                   Dr. Wimberly Royster         Dr. F. Richard Kurzynske        Ms. Liz Knapp
Due to the program’s success, six other federal agencies have
followed NSF in creating EPSCoR-like programs: the National
Institutes of Health (NIH), the National Aeronautics and Space
Administration (NASA), the Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA), and the Departments of Defense (DOD), Energy (DOE),
and Agriculture (USDA). The largest is NIH’s Institutional
                                                                                             Kentucky Statewide EPSCoR Committee
Development Award (IDeA) program.
Currently, the EPSCoR/IDeA membership includes 25 states,
Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Kentucky joined the program
                                                                                                                                       Director of Statewide
in 1986 and today is one of its most successful members
ranking in the top five EPSCoR states in terms of federal                                                                               EPSCoR Program
academic R&D dollars competitively won.*
*Source: WebCASPAR database maintained by NSF at the Library of Congress, 2006
                                                                                   KY DOD       KY DOE       KY NSF      KY NASA
                                                                                   EPSCoR       EPSCoR       EPSCoR       EPSCoR
                                                                                 Subcommittee Subcommittee Subcommittee Subcommittee




                                                                                 The KY EPSCoR Statewide Committee
                                                                                 Members pose on the Senate Staircase with KY Education Secretary
                                                                                 Helen Mountjoy (front, 4th from the left).
                                          a channel for research Funding                                                                                    2

Growth                                                                    Federal Research Funding secured through Kentucky EPSCoR
The KY EPSCoR Program has been the channel
for over $313 million in research funding to                                    $30 Million
Kentucky’s institutions of Higher Education.
Funding for the EPSCoR program comes                                            $25 Million




                                                      FEDERAL DOLLARS
primarily from 3 sources: Federal, State and
Institutional, with the lion’s share (over 80%)                                 $20 Million
being from the participating Federal agencies.
The chart to the right shows the success                                        $15 Million
Kentucky has had in competition for the
federal funds with dramatic increases over the
last decade, in part due to large COBRE and                                     $10 Million
INBRE awards from NIH.
                                                                                 $5 Million

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Participants                                                                                          F i S C A L Y E A R ( J u LY 1 - J u N E 3 0 )


The seven participating Federal agencies collectively provide
over $400 million annually in competitive solicitations to
EPSCoR territories. On the receiving end, Kentucky’s academic
institutions have been successful at securing the available
funds. As seen in the chart below, the KY EPSCoR Program
has supported 422 research projects since 2001 at 13 of the
Commonwealth’s universities and colleges.                                          Priority Research Areas
                                                                                   EPSCoR’s five priority areas of research, established by the
       Kentucky EPSCoR Award Recipients (FY 2001-2008)                             Commonwealth’s Science and Technology Strategy, are broad
                                                                                   enough to cover new and diverse STEM ideas. The pie chart
 Kentucky                           Total Amount   Number of                       below shows the amounts that have been invested in each of
 Universities and Colleges               Awarded     Projects                      the research areas since 2001.

 University of Louisville           $95,594,737                          63                    Funding Amount by Research Focus
                                                                                           Area for 422 Trackable Projects (FY 2001-08)
 University of Kentucky             $76,006,851                         137
 Western Kentucky University          $3,838,359                         80                                                                  Biosciences,
                                                                                   Material Science            Other, $4,757,898             $84,750,115
                                                                                   and Advanced
 Murray State University              $3,046,575                         46        Manufacturing,
 Eastern Kentucky University          $1,549,069                         21        $16,457,946

 Morehead State University            $1,217,217                         32
 Northern Kentucky University         $1,015,458                         26        information
                                                                                   Technology and
 Kentucky State University              $268,771                           8       Communications,
                                                                                   $9,548,857
 Thomas More College                     $26,611                           1
 Transylvania University                 $23,516                           3       Human Health and
                                                                                   Development,
 Centre College                          $23,033                           2       $56,866,073
 Bellarmine University                   $21,818                           2
 Bluegrass Community                     $10,000                           1
 &Technical College                                                                Environmental and Energy
                                                                                   Technologies, $10,261,126
 TOTAL PROJECTS                     $182,642,015                        422
                                                                                          (Total Funding for 422 Trackable Projects = $182.6 million)
     3                                         Building research capacity in priority areas

                                                                                                                   the Kentucky epscor program is
                                                                                                                   helping the commonwealth achieve
  It is imperative for Kentucky to build                      Key to building research capacity is the             significant success as it focuses on
  research capacity in order to participate                   development of human infrastructure                  Kentucky’s five priority research areas
  in the evolving science-based innovation                    and the acquisition of research                      identified within the commonwealth’s
  economy.                                                    equipment and facilities.                            science and technology plan.




                                         HUmAN HEALTH & DEvELOPmENT
The NiH iDeA program exemplifies the EPSCoR mission to develop human infrastructure by focusing research support on junior
faculty. iDeA research awards represent Kentucky’s largest EPSCoR related federal research program bringing over $100 million
into the state through 7 awards received between the universities of Louisville and Kentucky. The purpose of 6 of these awards is to
expand human resources through the establishment of Centers of Biomedical Research Excellence (COBRE) in the following areas:




coBre - Women’s Health
The University of Kentucky (UK) received a $21.2 million
award to create a Center for Women’s Health research under
the direction of Tom Curry, Vice Chair of Research in UK’s
OB/GYN department. The two primary goals of this COBRE
are to 1) further understanding of the unique role of gender
and female reproductive hormones in the manifestation of
health and disease and 2) to use this focus as a platform to
develop promising junior investigators and enhance their
success at competing for winning NIH grant support.
Visit: www.mc.uky.edu/cobre for more details.




                                                                                     Dr. Jeffrey Ebersole, Associate Dean for UK Research and Graduate Studies

Women’s Health COBRE investigative               Dr. Tom Curry, Vice Chair of
team (Lf to Rt): Dr. Jane Joseph (Anatomy
& Neurobiology), Dr. Melinda Wilson
                                                 Research in UK’s OB/GYN
                                                 department
                                                                                     coBre - Oral Health
(Physiology), Dr. Michael Kilgore,                                                   The College of Dentistry at UK has been awarded an
(Pharmacology) and Dr. Misung Jo (Obstetrics
& Gynecology) from UK’s College of Medicine.
                                                                                     $11 million grant to study how oral diseases affects other
                                                                                     health problems including HIV, atherosclerosis, gestational
                                                                                     diabetes, dementia, and viral/bacterial interactions in
                                                                                     chronic disease. Lead by UK’s Associate Dean for Research
                                                                                     and Graduate Studies Jeffrey Ebersole, the Center for Oral
                                                                                     Health Research supports 10 investigators who will be
                                                                                     awarded their first major grant, while working collaboratively
                                                                                     with established research faculty.
                                                                                     Visit: www.mc.uky.edu/COHR for more details.
                                   Building research capacity in priority areas                                                                     4




                                         James G. Brown Cancer
                                         Center Director,
                                         Dr. Donald Miller


coBre - molecular Targets for Cancer
The James Graham Brown Cancer Center at UofL received a ten
year, $21 million grant awarded to Center Director Donald Miller
to fund research projects of promising junior investigators
aimed at identifying new molecular ‘targets’ for anti-cancer
drugs. Thus far, work by these researchers has produced two
drugs that are in the advanced stages of preclinical testing and
will go into human trials in 2009. As these junior investigators
obtain additional funding for their research, they will rotate off     Scott Whittemore, Ph.D., Christopher Shields, M.D., and Susan Harkema,
                                                                       Ph.D. comprise the KSCIRC leadership team.
the grant and new scientists who fit the criteria will be recruited.
Visit: www.browncancercenter.org to learn more.
                                                                       coBre - Spinal Cord Injury
                                                                       The Kentucky Spinal Cord Injury Research Center (KSCIRC)
                                                                       at the University of Louisville’s (UofL) has grown in large
                                                                       part through $36.5 million in grants from NIH including
                                                                       a ten-year $18.9 million NIH COBRE award. The center is
                                                                       guided by UofL Scientific Director Scott R. Whittemore,
                                                                       Clinical Director Christopher B. Shields, and Rehabilitation
                                                                       Research Director Susan J. Harkema and is one of twelve
                                                                       spinal cord injury research centers in the United States. The
                                                                       KSCIRC team has developed a nucleus of research talent
                                                                       united to pursue a mission of “finding successful spinal cord
                                                                       repair strategies in the laboratory that can be taken to the
                                                                       clinic in a timely and responsible fashion.”
                                                                       Visit: louisville.edu/kscirc for more information.




Infant 11 months after birth.


                                coBre - Birth Defects
                                The Birth Defects Center at UofL is a collaborative effort of more than 30
                                researchers and physicians from multiple departments in the Schools of
                                Medicine, Dentistry, Nursing and Arts and Sciences. The current five year
                                $8.2 million COBRE grant awarded to the Center’s Director Robert Greene
                                has recently been renewed for an additional five years. This funding will
                                support researchers whose mission is to improve the diagnosis, treatment
                                and prevention of biological abnormalities associated with the development
                                                                                                                             Dr. Robert Greene,
                                of the human embryo.                                                                         Director of the UofL
                                                                                                                             Birth Defects Center
Human embryo one month after    Visit: louisville.edu/hsc/birthdefectscenter/cobre/index.htm
conception.
                                to learn more.
      5                                       Building research capacity in priority areas




coBre - molecular Basis of
Human Disease
Professor Louis Hersh, of the UK’s Department of Molecular
and Cellular Biochemistry, has received a $10.7 million COBRE                              INBRE /KBRIN
award to support five faculty members investigating prevention                             In addition to the COBRE awards, the KY-IDeA Networks of
and treatment modalities for various diseases including                                    Biomedical Research Excellence (INBRE) award, directed
degenerative muscular affliction in the elderly, diabetes, lung                            by Nigel Cooper, Professor in Anatomical Sciences and
cancer, leukemia, and Huntington’s disease. In addition to the                             Neurobiology at UofL’s School of Medicine, expands biomedical
COBRE award, UK’s Biochemistry department received two                                     research activities across the state. The principle goal of
NSF EPSCoR Infrastructure grants in genomics and proteomics                                this five year, $16.4 million award is to increase capacity for
awarded to Brian Rymond and Tom Vanaman, respectively.                                     biomedical research at the undergraduate level and encourage
These three awards totaling over $13 million have significantly                            undergraduate students to obtain enhanced training and career
contributed to the department’s success in being ranked 12th                               development in the health sciences. Currently, the institutions in
nationwide among public medical schools according to the                                   the network include:
National Institutes of Health (NIH).
                                                                                              • Morehead State University,
Visit: www.mc.uky.edu/biochemistry/cobre/default.asp
for more on these projects.                                                                   • Northern Kentucky University,
                                                                                              • Western Kentucky University,
                                                                                              • Eastern Kentucky University,
                                                                                              • the University of Louisville and
                                                                                              • the University of Kentucky.
                                                                                           So far, nine INBRE investigators have become competitive for
                                                                                           federal funding since the inception of the INBRE award, making
                                                                                           Kentucky one of the top achievers in this category among the
                                                                                           IDeA states.
                                                                                           In addition to the focused research projects of the junior faculty,
                                                                                           the INBRE award also promotes development of critically
                                                                                           important bioinformatics infrastructure at UK and UofL which
                                                                                           helps researchers to quantify large volumes of data produced
                                                                                           through genomic techniques.
Dr. Louis Hersh, Proffessor and Chair, Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
talks with a student.                                                                      The INBRE project is a continuation of programs initiated
                                                                                           through a prior three year NIH award called KBRIN (Kentucky
                                                                                           Biomedical Research Infrastructure Network). The KBRIN
                                                                                           acronym continues to be used to promote a consistent identity
                                                                                           and website (www.kbrin.louisville.edu) for the state’s biomedical
                                                                                           research network. Together the KBRIN and INBRE awards have
                                                                                           totaled $24.7 million to these institutions over eight years.
                                                  Building research capacity in priority areas                                                                6
                                                                      BIOSCIENCES:

UofL’s Nuclear magnetic Resonance
(NmR) Spectrometer
Professor Dick Wittebort at uofL received a $2.3 million dollar
KY NSF EPSCoR award to purchase an 800 MHz Nuclear
Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectrometer, one of only 24 of that
capacity level in the world.
The powerful superconducting magnets and radio waves in the
spectrometer make it possible to elucidate protein structures as
well as other molecular detail to determine how various disease
cells, such as cancer or Alzheimers, interact with one another or
react to potential treatments.
uof L’s Center for Regulatory and Environmental Analytical
Metabolomics (CREAM), which was established with a $3.6
million dollar KY NSF EPSCoR grant awarded to the center’s
director Teresa Fan, is also using the NMR spectrometer to
study the smallest of molecules in and around living cells.                    Dr. Hazel Barton (Rt) and colleague sample microbes in Jamaica’s Green Grotto Cave.
 Specifically defined, metabolomics is the study of how the
cellular profile of a biological system changes in response to                 medical and Environmental
stresses like disease, toxic exposure, or dietary change. The
information obtained from metabolomic analysis has diagnostic
                                                                               Applications of Cave microbiology
applications ranging from human health and biotechnology to                    With help from two KY NSF EPSCoR awards totaling over
environmental pollution and ecosystem health. Since the initial                $100K, Northern Kentucky university (NKu) Biological Sciences
EPSCoR funding, faculty at CREAM have won over $9 million in                   Professor Hazel Barton conducts research to study the puzzling,
additional research grants to continue their studies.                          yet thriving existence of microorganisms in caverns deep
                                                                               beneath the earth’s surface.
                                                                               Microbes are single-celled organisms in substances like
                                                                               fungi and bacteria. Caves containing microbes possess an
                                                                               environment of extreme starvation, devoid of light and organic
                                                                               life forms. Barton and her crew are working to better understand
                                                                               how the geochemistry of the rock on which microorganisms
                                                                               grow, fuels their metabolic activity. This research has provided
                                                                               the US National Park Service with valuable information
                                                                               on mitigating human impact in caves as well as providing
                                                                               valuable insights in the research and development of new
                                                                               pharmaceutical compounds.
                                                                               Bioremediation, or removing toxins from the environment, is
                                                                               another component driving Barton’s research. Pesticides and
                                                                               other waste products that contaminate groundwater trickle
                                                                               through the soil and into the water in caves. Microbes in the
                                                                               cave often act as processing agents for the contaminants,
                                                                               thus they provide a biological model for the creation of similar
                                                                               detoxifying substances for use on a larger scale.
                                                                               Caving has taken Barton and her undergraduate research
                                                                               students to locations from Mammoth Cave, Kentucky, to
                                                                               Lechuguilla Cave in New Mexico, and as far away as the Guyana
                                                                               Highlands of Venezuela. Barton’s research success has helped
                                                                               her to secure over $1 million in additional funding, along with
                                                                               being featured in a segment of “The Real Lost World” on The
                                                                               Animal Planet channel.
Dr. Teresa Fan in front of the 800 MHz spectrometer in UofL’s CREAM facility   For more on caving research go to: www.cavescience.com
    7                              Building research capacity in priority areas

 INFOR mATION TECHNOLOGY & COmmUNICATIONS :

UK’s Supercomputer Ranks 10th
Nationally
uK’s state-of-the-art iBM System Cluster 1350 which offers
16 teraflops of calculation capacity, handling up to 16.3 trillion
calculations per second, has recently been ranked 10th among
public university supercomputers nationwide.
The system is housed and maintained by UK’s Center for
Computational Sciences which was also established with
EPSCoR funds. The supercomputer has been utilized among
UK faculty in many noteworthy research projects. One such
project includes a $1.2 million NIH grant, under the direction
of Peter Spielmann, Associate Professor of Molecular and
Cellular Biochemistry, to investigate how DNA repair systems
                                                                                                                                 Time lapse images
recognize damage within cells. A second project under the
                                                                                                                                 of a nano-needle
direction of Madhu Menon, Associate Director of the Center for                                                                   growing from a
Computational Sciences performs computational simulations to                                                                     melted drop of
                                                                                                                                 gallium at room
identify and predict the optimal atomic structures of nanowires.                                                                 temperature




           EN v IRONmENTAL & E NERGY T ECHNOLOGIES :

UK’s Environmental Research and                                         murray’s Resevoir Research
Training Laboratory                                                     Providing partnership with the ERTL facility at uK, a second KY
Environmental research in Kentucky is flourishing thanks to the         NSF EPSCoR grant for $1.5 million was awarded to Geosciences
Environmental Research and Training Laboratory (ERTL), an in-           Professor George Kipphut to establish the Center for Watershed
terdisciplinary, multi-user analytical facility at the uK established   Environments (CWE) at Murray State university which focuses
with a $2.7 million KY NSF EPSCoR award to Civil Engineer Gail          on reservoir research and environmental science education.
Brion.                                                                  Both the ERTL and CWE facilities have built considerable
The lab contains instruments for a variety of organic, inor-            scientific infrastructure that will be of great value in the state’s
ganic, microbial, and stable isotopic analyses which provide            continued pursuit of national research competitiveness and
high quality data to support research, education and industry.          educational prominence.
Figures show that the laboratory is providing analysis for funded
research that generates an estimated $2.4 million annually in           For more information on Murray’s CWE, go to:
lab revenue. ERTL’s reach across Kentucky is broad. Currently,          www.murraystate.edu/qacd/cos/cwe/index.html
it serves 6 colleges on UK’s campus along with other regional
institutions, state and local governments, K-12 schools and
industrial users.
For more about ERTL, go to: www.engr.uky.edu/~ertl




                                                                        A student views water samples under high magnification
                                               Building research capacity in priority areas                                                          8
   mATERIAL SCIENCE & ADvANCED mANUFAC TURING :

UofL’s Top 10 Nanotechnology and
Cleanroom Facilities
Kentucky’s NSF EPSCoR program funding has helped the uofL
develop one of the top 10 university cleanroom facilities and
Micro/NanoTechnology Centers in the country as acknowledged
by leading industry consulting groups.
The origin of these achievements can be traced to two
complementary KY NSF EPSCoR Infrastructure awards
won by UofL professors Rob Keynton and Bruce Alphenaar,
together with Kevin Walsh (Director, UofL Cleanroom), Bob
Cohn (Director, UofL Nanotechnology Core Facility) and other
colleagues. Collectively, these two awards provided $6 million
over six years to help strengthen UofL’s cleanroom infrastructure
and create a nationally competitive nanotechnology research
and education center.
                                                                         Dr.Zhi Chen (back Lf ) and KSU students test a circuit board
Research at the center focuses on micro-fabrication of devices
in four main areas: electronics, sensors, materials, and
biotechnology. Faculty associated with the Center have been              Kentucky’s Nanotechnology
successful in securing over $33.6 million in additional research
funding since KY NSF EPSCoR began providing support.
                                                                         Partnership
                                                                         in addition to uofL, both uK and Kentucky State university
The faculty are also assisting in economic development. Six
                                                                         (KSu) have benefited under the KY NSF EPSCoR infrastructure
technical start-up companies have formed as a result of the
                                                                         awards collectively known as the Kentucky Partnership for
resource growth in the micro/nano technology area. They are:
                                                                         Nanoscale Electronics and Biotechnology.
Assenti, LLC, which subsequently received a $750K NIH SBIR
Phase II award for intraocular pressure sensor development for           Through these awards, UK Professor of Electrical and Computer
glaucoma prevention; OrthoData Technologies, LLC; Sentinel,              Engineering Zhi Chen received a $3.4 million augmentation
LLC; UltraTrace Detection, LLC; NaugaNeedles, LLC; and                   grant for UK’s Center for Nanoscale Science and Engineering
Cardiovascular Sensing Technologies, LLC.                                (CeNSE). CeNSE’s 15 interdisciplinary faculty members, who
                                                                         have a shared vision to study and develop materials and devices
                                                                         at the nanoscale, together have secured over $17 million in
                                                                         additional funding in related research.
                                                                         The third beneficiary of these partnership awards, KSU Math
                                                                         and Science Professor Rony Shahidain has received a grant of
                                                                         $60K to enable KSU students to participate in nanotechnology
                                                                         research being conducted at both the UofL and UK facilities.




                                                                                                                                        A cluster of self
                                                                                                                                        assembled carbon
UofL’s Belknap Research Building proudly displays their Top 10 Ranking                                                                  microspheres and cones
 9                             KY epscor infrastructure seeding program


                             has funding initiatives to help build human capital, communicate opportunities and results,
                             incent new research directions, and improve collaboration among researchers in the state.
                             The following pages describe grants available through the Infrastructure Seeding Program:




Support for New Faculty at KY’s
                                                                            RSF
Comprehensive Universities                                                Awardees
The human element of the EPSCoR Program remains
                                                                           2002-2008
                                                                                                                        Dr. Suguru Nakamura,        Dr. Rodney King, WKU
its most vital component. The Research Startup Fund                                                                            Murray

(RSF) was created for Kentucky’s six comprehensive
universities (WKU, NKU, EKU, KSU, Morehead, and
Murray) to establish new faculty positions with an
emphasis on research at traditionally teaching focused
institutions. RSF grants provide up to $50K in EPSCoR
                                                             Dr. Matthew Zacate, NKU       Dr. Dayle Saar, Murray      Dr. Stefan Paula, NKU      Dr. Sean Reilley, Morehead
funds, matched by up to $25K of University funds for
the new faculty member to establish a research program
upon arrival. In return, the new faculty’s teaching load
is reduced for the first two years and they are required
to apply for external funding. Since inception, the
RSF initiative has assisted with filling 32 tenure track    Dr. Gregory Goodrich, WKU     Dr. Joseph Mester, NKU        Dr. Thomas Pannuti,        Dr. Laurel Morton, EKU
                                                                                                                             Morehead
faculty positions. The program has brought geneticists,
zoologists, chemists, physiologists, neuro and computer
scientists, mathematicians, geologists, physicists,
astronomers, and psychologists to Kentucky and
provided over $2 million in startup research funds.
                                                             Dr. Jonathan Quiton, WKU     Dr. Michael Flinn, Murray   Dr. Christine Curran, NKU     Dr. Patrick Hare, NKU




               Encouraging
              Collaborations
       Collaboration has become a key element
           in the process of building human                 Dr. Vladimir Dobrokhotov,     Dr. Wafaa Fawzy, Murray     Dr. Rebekah Waikel, EKU       Dr. David Brown, EKU
                                                                      WKU
     infrastructure. The Collaborative Research
      Development Program (CRDP) supports
      the efforts of Kentucky scientists to come
        together to explore evolving interests,
      discuss the formation of multi-discipline
      research endeavors, and organize groups
         that will prepare proposals for major              Dr. Alexander Barzilov, WKU     Dr. Kristi Haik, NKU        Dr. Bangbo Yan, WKU         Dr. Andrew Wulff, WKU

     research initiatives. By providing the funds
     for great minds to interact, the KY EPSCoR
     Program stimulates the chance of scientific
        breakthroughs and opens the doors of
                possibility for the future.

                                                             Dr. Alexey Arkov, Murray     Dr. Michael Smith, WKU       Dr. Steve Huskey, WKU      Dr. Heather Bullen, NKU
                                 KY epscor infrastructure seeding program                                                        10

Working with                                                                       Student Outreach
National Labs                                                                      Student involvement and educational
KY EPSCoR’s National Laboratory                                                    outreach are, likewise, key
Initiative (NLI) supports the                                                      components in EPSCoR’s initiative
development of personal research                                                   to build human capital. Kentucky
relationships with federal scientists.                                             NSF EPSCoR’s Research Scholars
NLI grants provide funding for                                                     Program (RSP) provides funds
university faculty travel to national                                              to increase undergraduate and
laboratories to discuss research                                                   graduate research participation
interests, evalutate the feasibility of                                            for primarily underrepresented
research projects, explore sabbatical                                              students in science, technology,
stays, or seek collaborative assistance.                                           engineering and math majors.
Such site visits provide university                                                Currently, the RSP has placed student
researchers the opportunity to utilize     Providing a Forum                       researchers from KSU, UK, UofL
highly sophisticated facilities and                                                and Eastern Kentucky University
                                           The Conference Program (CP)
equipment not available in Kentucky                                                (EKU) on projects in the areas of
                                           provides funds to organize and
and acquaint them with R&D                                                         nanotechnology, visualization and
                                           conduct gatherings which will promote
opportunities at the national level.                                               virtual environments, metabolomics
                                           KY EPSCoR’s mission. Specifically,
The following logos represent National                                             and environmental science. Through
                                           CP awards seek to sponsor meetings
labs with which Kentucky faculty have                                              these projects, the students have
                                           that present emerging areas of high
interacted trough the NLI program.                                                 made presentations at local, national
                                           growth research opportunity and
                                                                                   and international conferences,
                                           provide information on research areas
                                                                                   contributed to published articles and
                                           expected to benefit from increased
                                                                                   gained valuable hands on research
                                           federal funding.
                                                                                   experience.
                                           Two such events sponsored through
                                           the Conference Program include
                                           the KYNANOMAT 2008 Workshop
                                           which focused on the latest advances
                                           in nanomaterials applied in areas
                                           of solar energy, drug delivery,
                                           biosensing and therapies; and the
                                           2008 University/Government/Industry
                                           Micro-Nanotechnology (UGIM)
                                           Symposium for the exchange of ideas
                                           in the areas of microfluidics, Micro-
                                           Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS),
                                                                                   RSF Faculty mentor Dr. Cecelia Yappert (2nd from Rt)
                                           materials and microelectronics.         and students discuss the results of their research on
                                                                                   soybean lipids.


         Kitt Peak National
         Observatory




   US Army Research Laboratory




               marshall Space
               Flight Center
     11                         examples of Dynamic research initiatives (uK and uofl)

                                           Notable research activities are occurring across the Commonwealth. Kentucky’s academic
                                           research community is responding to the need for increased innovation and discovery.
                                           Examples of dynamic research initiatives from each of Kentucky’s public universities follows:


                                                                                           Seeding Grant Helps Create the
                                                                                           Industrial Engineering Institute
                                                                                           uK Engineering Professor Kozo Saito received a $20K Research
                                                                                           Collaboration Grant from KY EPSCoR to help expand uK’s
                                                                                           existing industrial Application and Engineering Science (iAES)
                                                                                           group activity into an international Center.
                                                                                           Saito’s group was able to achieve this goal through several
                                                                                           additional steps. With the EPSCoR funding, they sponsored
                                                                                           an annual Painting Technology Workshop which was attended
                                                                                           by over 70 executives from major automobile companies, the
                                                                                           Navy, aerospace design firms, and paint equipment suppliers.
                                                                                           Secondly, they sponsored a UK executive luncheon during
                                                                                           World EXPO 2005 in Aichi, Japan where over 50 executives
A researcher at the VisCenter works on software to remove shadows on the display surface
                                                                                           from Major Japanese companies attended. As a result,
cast by users in the Metaverse Portal                                                      several Japanese companies provided research grants to
                                                                                           UK’s IAES group; and Toyota Headquarters in Japan also
visualization & virtual Environments                                                       increased their funding. Thirdly, Toyota Motor Engineering and
uK’s Center for Visualization and Virtual Environments, also                               Manufacturing North America, Inc. (TEMA) gave $1 million to
known as the VisCenter (www.vis.uky.edu), received a $2.3                                  the group to upgrade IAES to the new Institute of Research for
million KY NSF EPSCoR grant awarded to uK professors Kevin                                 Technology Development (IR4TD). The institute utilizes both
Donohue (Electrical and Computer Engineering) and Brent                                    an international research team and an international network
Seals (Computer Science) to further develop the Center’s                                   system to effectively deliver solutions to complex industry
infrastructure and support two new projects.                                               problems. To match Toyota’s grant, the state of Kentucky’s
                                                                                           Research Competitive Trust Fund (RCTF) also known as the
Research at the VisCenter deals with immersion into a virtual                              Bucks for Brains Program, provided $1 million in funding. In
scene - called the Metaverse - created with front-projected                                2007, TEMA connected IR4TD to Toyota’s top 25 suppliers in
computer images. The technology allows a person to interact                                order to enhance win-win-win collaboration among the state,
in a realistic way with three-dimensional scenes being projected                           UK, and Toyota.
within the space of a room. The success of the metaverse
environment has since provided the platform for a number of                                The outcome of Dr. Saito’s relatively small grant demonstrates
applications in teleconferencing, scientific modeling, virtual                             the potential of the KY EPSCoR infrastructure program for
art exhibits, wide area video surveillance, digital fingerprinting,                        creating an interactive environment out of which collaborations
3-dimentional image reconstruction, digital library collections                            can lead to multi-million dollar, international success stories.
and virtual surgery. EPSCoR funding has been used for projects
in the areas of ambient visualization and multi-modal scene
acquisition.
The Center returns its investment through education and
training programs, partnerships with industry and governmental
agencies, and commercialization of intellectual property
produced by the research. Commercially, the Visualization
Center has also born fruit with the creation of a start-up
company called Mersive Technologies by one of its former
researchers, Chris Jaynes. Dr. Jaynes won an SBIR grant which
helped to initiate the company which employs Kentucky
scientists to develop large, affordable, high resolution, visual
displays.


                                                                                           (Lf to Rt) Doctoral student Nelson Akafuah, Post Doc Belal Gharaibeh, Research Faculty
                                                                                           Tianxiang Li, R4TD Director Dr. Kozo Saito and high school intern Michael Brown pose in the
                                                                                           paint inspection lab with a copy of Toyota’s $1million award
                                examples of Dynamic research initiatives (uK and uofl)                                             12

Using Nanomaterials to Convert
Light, Heat and Water into Energy
With support from a three year $2.65 million grant, the
                                                                                                                  Husky
KY DOE EPSCoR Program has established an energy
                                                                                                                  Excels at detection of anti-
oriented research cluster in nanomaterials.                                                                       vehicular mines and other
                                                                                                                  explosive hazards, especially
UK and UofL researchers are exploring the use of conducting                                                       on main supply routes.
materials with exceptionally small architecture for the conversion
of solar radiation and residual thermal energy into electrical
energy and hydrogen. Through the initiative, new collaborations
have been launched between the UofL, the UK, the National
Renewable Energy Lab in Colorado, Oak Ridge National Lab in
Tennessee and the Notre Dame Radiation Laboratory in Indiana.
One of the projects underway, led by UofL Chemical Engineering                                                    NiiTEK
Professor, Mahendra K. Sunkara, focuses on the use of sunlight                                                    Minestalker™
                                                                                                                  Detects anti-tank landmines,
for the photolysis (or splitting) of water to produce hydrogen.
                                                                                                                  explosives, and buried
Because the efficiency of this process is currently less than 1%,                                                 anomalies through remote
new semiconductors are needed that can harvest more solar                                                         subsurface visualization.
energy and remain stable against corrosion. Sunkara’s team is
developing several different types of nanowire based materials to
accomplish these goals.
The energy conversion research facility within the Institute for
Advanced Materials and Renewable Energy (IAM-RE) at the UofL
is equipped to perform both electrochemical and photoelectro-                                                      iRobot® Packbot
chemical characterization of developed materials. This                                                             Detects explosives that can
                                                                                                                   be inadvertently detonated
facility includes solar light sources, UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy,                                                    by contact, tampering,
electrochemical equipment, oxygen-free glove boxes for Li battery                                                  vehicles, fuses or the
testing, and several instruments for electrode fabrication.                                                        passage of time.

In addition to funding advanced research ideas, the KY DOE
EPSCoR grant provides for the mentoring of junior faculty and
hiring of new faculty in nanoscale energy materials. Four post
doctorates and nine graduate students compliment the research
team. Kentucky’s                                                     Improved Technology to
expanding                                                            Detect Landmines
nanomaterial
research capacity                                                    Buried in war zones around the world, 80 million landmines lie
should help the                                                      in wait to explode. Because detecting these devices is no job for
Commonwealth                                                         humans, uofL computer science professor Hichem Frigui has
excel in energy                                                      been developing algorithms to accomplish the dangerous task.
research and                                                         Following a three year, $50K grant provided by DOD EPSCoR,
generate new                                                         Frigui has recently received a $400K DOD EPSCoR grant, with
economy jobs                                                         an additional $100K in KY EPSCoR matching funds to continue
important to the                                                     his work. Frigui’s algorithms are being coupled with Ground
state.                                                               Penetrating Radar (GPR) technology and instrumented as
                                                                     landmine detection software into robotic vehicles. The research
                                                                     brings him in collaboration with the US Army’s Countermine
                                                                     Division Night Vision Lab and the private sector companies
          Graduate students
    Vivekanand Kumar (Lt)
                                                                     NIITEK and BAE Systems to produce the prototypes.
    and Boris Chernomordik                                           Vehicles with the incorporated software have already been
      demonstrate the UofL
      patented, atmospheric                                          deployed in hostile regions of the world for both humanitarian
 plasma jet reactor that can                                         and military applications. The software advancements
make kilogram quantities of
nanowires out of a variety of
                                                                     produced by this project will help to save solider and civilian
       metal oxide materials                                         lives and lessen the destruction caused by landmines.
    13                examples of Dynamic research initiatives (nKu and eKu)


Nanotechnology and the
Blood Brain Barrier
Research on drug delivery across the blood brain barrier
holds promise for the treatment of the brain.
More than one million adults are diagnosed annually with
chronic brain diseases, disorders, or injuries. To combat these
illnesses, scientists have been working hard to develop new
therapies, most of which must be administered by injection into
the brain. NKU Neuroscientist Kristi Haik’s research is aimed at
designing nanostructures composed of dendrimers (repeatedly
branched, symmetrical molecules) that can cross the blood
brain barrier and testing their effectiveness at doing so.           History graduate student Jeffrey Combs samples a stream contaminated with acid mine
                                                                     drainage in Perry County.
The blood brain barrier is a membranic structure created by
the tight seals of cells around the blood vessels that come
into contact with the brain. The barrier, which protects the
                                                                     Environmental Research Institute
brain, also prevents up to 95% of potential therapies from           EKU puts students to work assessing the water quality of
reaching their target. The key to crossing the barrier may lie in    local rivers and streams in Kentucky’s Appalachian Region.
manipulating the surface layer of dendrimers, through the use of     Geography Professor Alice Jones has received a three year,
reagents, to produce proper characteristics for the bio-material’s   $1.07 million KY NSF EPSCoR award to establish a regional
safe passage out of the blood and into the brain. Dendrimers         center of excellence at EKU. The interdisciplinary Eastern
appeal to biologists and chemists because the polymer’s precise      Kentucky Environmental Research Institute (www.eri.eku.edu)
architecture, size and shape control, high uniformity and purity,    augments existing facilities with a new watershed resources
high shear resistance, and low toxicity and immune response          laboratory and geographic information systems lab housed
are ideal building blocks for constructing the customizable          on campus, a mobile environmental laboratory vehicle for
nanostructures.                                                      on-site investigations, and two new stream-gauging stations.
The impact of creating structures that can deliver a variety of      Through partnerships among faculty, community groups, and
drugs to the brain without damaging the blood brain barrier is       public-school representatives, the Institute encourages student
tremendous. It has the potential for helping millions of people      participation in the design and execution of research activities.
across the globe suffering from conditions ranging from brain        One of the ERI projects is the Beaver Creek water quality study
tumors to Parkinson’s, Huntington’s and Alzheimer’s diseases.        in Knott and Floyd counties for the Kentucky Division of Water.
Dr. Haik and collaborators conducted this research with a            The first study of its kind conducted in Kentucky’s Appalachian
$79K KY NSF EPSCoR Research Enhancement Grant (REG).                 coal region, the Beaver Creek project has trained and employed
Subsequent to the REG award, they secured over $350K in              more than 25 undergraduate and graduate students from fields
additional funds from NSF, Merck, and others to continue their       as diverse as environmental health sciences, biology, geography,
studies.                                                             sociology, and anthropology. Further strengthening the bridge
                                                                     between disciplines, the Institute has initiated a total of 18
                                                                     funded research projects involving 15 faculty in its first three
                                                                     years.
                                                                      Another example of the Institute’s positive impact and
                                                                     community-focused approach is illustrated by the “Big Dip”
                                                                     project where a team of faculty, undergraduate and graduate
                                                                     students, and more than 30 volunteer community researchers
                                                                     logged over 7,000 miles and collected 900 water samples in
                                                                     southeast Kentucky to assess the health of local rivers and
                                                                     streams. Results of the Big Dip showed more than two-thirds of
                                                                     the sites possessed extreme values of pH, conductivity, or iron;
                                                                     and identified areas where raw sewage and acid mine drainage
                                                                     are major environmental and human health challenges.
                                                                     Faculty associates have sustained the Institute with additional
A superior view                                                      research funding equating to more than $2 million in grants
   of the blood
  vessels in the
                                                                     and gifts since its inception.
          brain.
                       examples of Dynamic research initiatives (murray and morehead)                                                                                      14

New Designs for
Photovoltaic Devices
Building a better solar cell – it’s what’s inside that counts.
murray State Chemistry Professor Kevin Revell works with
new carbon-based materials to develop a more affordable
and efficient solar energy solution.
The ability to mass produce lower-cost solar cells for industrial
and consumer use is the platform for Kevin Revell’s research
project at Murray State University.
Over the past decade, substantial progress has been made in
the development of plastic-based (organic) semiconductors
                                                                                                  Geologist Charlie Mason and undergraduate student Bill Atwood examine the Ejecta
for use in light-emitting diodes and solar cells. Organic solar                                   Block located 1 km from Haughton Crater.
cells represent a clean, affordable alternative to fossil fuels, with
applications ranging from portable or remote energy production
to hydrogen generation through catalyzed water photolysis.                                        Haughton-mars Project (HmP)
Organic materials absorb light so efficiently that it is possible to                              Undergraduate Research Program
produce ultrathin solar cells at lower manufacturing cost than
traditional silicon-based cells.                                                                  morehead State Geologist Charles mason and fellow
In order to reach these goals, the Revell group is exploring the                                  students conducted the groundbreaking work necessary to
preparation and electro-optical characterization of conjugated                                    establish an undergraduate research program in the
oligomers which are longer than most molecules but shorter                                        Canadian arctic for geologic and planetary science.
and more rigid than most polymers (plastics). These                                               While no place on Earth replicates the exact environmental
intermediate-sized molecules hold the potential to self-assemble                                  conditions or topography found on the Moon or Mars, certain
into oriented arrays, thereby increasing the efficiency of electron                               locations on our planet offer exceptional opportunities for
transport across the cell and the overall efficiency of the device.                               comparative studies. Devon Island in the High Arctic of Canada
Funds provided by the KY NSF EPSCoR program have enabled                                          is one such place, in part, because it contains Haughton Crater;
the Revell group to begin research in this promising area, and                                    a 39 million-year old, 12.4 mile wide expanse which was likely
to build collaborations with researchers at NASA and at other                                     caused by the impact of an asteroid 1.2 miles in diameter.
universities. From his preliminary results, Dr. Revell has been                                   Morehead State University (MoSU) Geology Professor Charlie
able to pursue larger private and public funds and envisions                                      Mason received NASA funding and collective matching funds
prototype solar cells using the new materials in the summer                                       from the EPSCoR supported Kentucky Space Grants Consortium,
of 2009.                                                                                          MoSU, and the Mars Institute to conduct pilot studies on
                                                                                                  Haughton. The success of the projects would determine the
                                   DONATING OLIGOmER               ACCEPTING OLIGOmER             viability of a formal undergraduate research program where
    The oligomer-based
                                                                                                  students could compete nationally for opportunities to
     solar cell (electrode                                                                    A   participate in arctic field campaigns at the NASA HMP site.
   A) allows for a faster
    transfer of electrons                                                                         The first pilot studies conducted by Morehead students involved
  from one molecule to                                                                            paleontological work on the prehistoric conodont, an extinct,
                             Fast charge transfer




  the next compared to
the polymer-based solar                                                                           primitive, soft-bodied vertebrate similar to the shark, whose
       cell (electrode B).                                                                        teeth fragments show color alteration due to thermal maturation.
                                                                                                  Collecting field samples from Haughton, the students used
                                                    DONATING POLYmER      ACCEPTING POLYmER       a conodont color alteration index (CAI) to check chemical
                                                                                                  biomarkers contained within impact breccia (ejected rock that
                                                                                              B   fell back into the impact zone and partially re-welded). Results
                                                                                                  from the work have provided new data on the age and thermal
                                                                                                  history of the rocks. In addition to proving the validity of an
                                                                                                  undergraduate research program for the HMP, for which future
                             Slow charge transfer




                                                                                                  NASA and NSF funding will be sought, this research has further
                                                                                                  validated the use of chemical biomarkers in the search for extra-
                                                                                                  terrestrial life.
    15                         examples of Dynamic research initiatives (Ksu and WKu)


Enabling Research through Terrestrial                                                                          Blazer viewing
                                                                                                                down the jet
modeling and mapping
In order to become more competitive, KSU needed high end
technology and expertise in Geographic Information Systems (GIS)                Black Hole
to enhance their Aquaculture Science Department, a KSU Program
of Distinction.                                                              Accretion Disk
With EPSCoR related funding from a $100K USDA, National
Research Initiative (NRI) Grant, KSU faculty Dr. E. Terry Magel
and N’Namdi Paskins created a premiere GeoSpatial Research
and Training Center that serves the KSU Land Grant Program, its
extension programs and the Commonwealth’s community at large.
The Center’s goal is to provide up to date, comprehensive              An artist’s conception of an active galaxy
education in the concepts, design, and implementation of
geographic information, remote sensing and global positioning          Shining a Light on the mystery
systems. Funding from the NRI grant provided for the necessary
hardware and software to outfit the center and the hire of GIS
                                                                       of Black Holes
extension specialist, Ken Bates, an Environmental Systems              In anticipation of the launch of NASA’s Gamma Ray Large Area
Research Institute (ESRI) Authorized Instructor.                       Space Telescope (GLAST), Western Kentucky University (WKU)
                                                                       Physics and Astronomy Professor michael Carini has been
Thus far, the center has provided training for over 300 participants
                                                                       conducting research on Blazars to determine which ones will be
taking ESRI authorized courses. Income from the courses has
                                                                       prime candidates for the telescope’s observational studies.
provided a return on investment approaching two fold. Examples of
groups who have come through the center for classes, in addition       At the heart of every galaxy lies a black hole. One that
to the KSU Aquaculture Department, include the Economic                astronomers say is 106 to 108 times more massive than our
Development Cabinet, Cabinet for Health Services, Environment          sun. In active galaxies, the black hole is surrounded by swirling
and Public Protection Cabinet (which includes the state Division of    material called an accretion disk. Most matter from the disk
Water, Air Quality, and Waste Management), local engineering and       swirls into the black hole, but some is pulled off into a stream
utility companies, the National Guard, Transportation Cabinet, and     called a relativistic jet that is accelerated away at velocities
the Nature Conservancy; attesting to the broad applicability and       approaching the speed of light. When the jet is pointed directly
need for GIS technology.                                               along our line of sight, we see an unusually bright object called
                                                                       a Blazar.
Continuing federal support totaling over $500K has allowed the
center to reach its goal of helping faculty to develop GIS based       With KY NASA and NSF EPSCoR funds amounting to $280K
curricula. Accordingly, the KSU GeoSpatial Program enhances both       over five years, Dr. Carini and his team have been conducting
Kentucky’s research and business sectors through technological         research to quantify the brightness variations of Blazars that are
advancements that boil down to an improved efficiency in mapping       believed to be correlated with gamma-rays. To collect his data,
our world.                                                             Carini has access to WKU’s network of powerful telescopes
                                                                       including the 0.6m telescope at WKU’s Bell Observatory, the
                                                                       1.3m Robotically Controlled Telescope (RCT) at Kitt Peak
                                                                       National Observatory outside Tuscon, AZ and an agreement
                                                                       with the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory in the Ukraine
                                                                       which provides observation time on their 1.3m AZT-11
                                                                       telescope.
                                                                       By quantifying the Blazers brightness and wavelength
                                                                       characteristics beforehand, Dr. Carini has laid the groundwork
                                                                       necessary to focus the study of these objects for NASA’s earth
                                                                       orbiting telescope GLAST. The results of this collaborative
                                                                       effort will help to unlock the mysteries of the relativistic jets
                                                                       and their corresponding black holes while involving numerous
                                                                       WKU undergraduate students in the use of scientific hardware
 Target graphic, designating                                           and software, providing them with valuable technical skills to
  an area encompassing the                                             compete for positions in graduate school and/or employment in
KSU aquaculture ponds and
               nearby land.
                                                                       technological fields.
                                           Kentucky epscor award impact                                                   16
                             collects impact data from award recipients to better understand the value of our programs.
                             A web-based data collection system called KERS (Kentucky EPSCoR Reporting System) was
                             created to consolidate the awards and track resulting impacts across all EPSCoR programs.
                             Impacts of recent KY EPSCoR funding include:




People:                                      Jobs Created:                              Patents:
The impact of the KY EPSCoR program          The infusion of research dollars into      Investments have generated a total of
has extended its reach both within the       Kentucky’s universities does create new    76 patent related activities including
Commonwealth and out to the global           jobs. KY EPSCoR awardees reported          34 invention disclosures and 29 patent
community of researchers. Between            creating 331 full time and 272 part        applications and provisional patent
2001-2008, 534 principle investigators       time jobs as a result of their awards      filings reported by the NASA, NSF,
(PIs) including Co-PIs have received         between 2003-2008.                         DOD, NIH subcommittees between
EPSCoR awards. Supporting these                                                         2002 - 2008. This patent activity has
projects are 2,243 personnel including                                                  resulted in 9 patents being issued and 3
undergraduates, graduates, post-docs,                                                   being licensed.
faculty, staff and others. From these
awards, collaborations have been
formed with 867 researchers located in
28 different countries and 39 of the 50
United States. Collectively that results
in over 3,600 people who have been
directly impacted through KY EPSCoR          Publications:
funding.                                     Publications represent a classical
                                             measure of research productivity.
                                             Since 2003, KY EPSCoR awardees have        Equipment:
                                             written and published 2,479 articles to    KY EPSCoR researchers have provided
                                             communicate the results of research        additional physical infrastructure
                                             project outcomes. Awardees report an       from award funding for the state by
                                             impressive number of 125 new book          purchasing 481 pieces of scientific
                                             chapters which supports the concept        equipment totaling over $14.8 million
                                             that Kentucky researchers are playing a    between 2002-2008.
                                             roll in re-writing our knowledge base.
Follow-on Funding:
KY EPSCoR is interested in the ability
of its awardees to competitively seek
and receive additional research funding
subsequent to their EPSCoR awards.
These additional grants are referred
to as ‘follow-on funding’ and are used
as a measure of how well KY EPSCoR
is fulfilling its mission. Follow-on
funding data is encouraging as it            Presentations:
shows that 979 grants totaling $445          KY EPSCoR investments have
million in additional research dollars       contributed to the development of
were secured by KY EPSCoR awardees           2,743 scientific presentations to local,
between 2002 - 2008.                         regional, national, and international
                                             audiences between primarily 2003 -
                                             2008.
   17                                      Becoming more competitive


      Kentucky among Top EPSCoR States in Research
       and Development Funds
        Kentucky continues to show marked improvement in attracting federal research funding to its academic institutions.
         Recent data from the National Science Foundation (NSF) documents Kentucky’s rise in overall state national rankings,
          by 5 positions, from 33rd in 1998 to 28th in 2005. Kentucky was the only state ranked in the top 30 to have advanced as
           many positions.
            The chart to the right details federally financed academic research and development (R&D) expenditures at universities
                           and colleges from all federal funding sources and demonstrates Kentucky’s progress in relation to other
                                                            EPSCoR states. Kentucky has significantly exceeded the average growth
                                                                                         rate of the other 26 EPSCoR territories.




EPSCoR states(25) and territories (2)                                                                 color indicates year of inclusion




FY 1980            FY 1992
arkansas           Kansas
maine              nebraska
montana
south carolina
West virginia      FY 2000
                   alaska

FY 1985
alabama            FY 2001
Kentucky           hawaii
nevada             new mexico
north Dakota
oklahoma
                   FY 2002
puerto rico
                   u.s. virgin islands
vermont
Wyoming
                   FY 2003
                   Delaware
FY 1987
idaho
louisiana          FY 2004
mississippi        tennessee
south Dakota       rhode island
                   new hampshire
                                                                  Becoming more competitive                                                           18

                                     Percentage of Total Federal Academic R&D Funding
                                        Growth of Kentucky vs Other EPSCoR States




                               Data Source: NSF Survey of
                               R&D Expenditures at Universities
                               and Colleges, Federally Financed
                               AcademicmR&D Expenditures




           Data Source: NSF Survey of Federally Financed Academic R&D Expenditures at Universities and Colleges (webcaspar.nsf.gov)




Continuing to Focus
In 1999, the KY EPSCoR Program, with                               The programs resulting from KIA have                 competitive award programs to help
NSF guidance, was instrumental in                                  helped to increase the Commonwealth’s                states build cyberinfrastructure. The
developing a State Strategy for Science                            infrastructure and capacity for scientific           KY EPSCoR Program will be working
and Technology (S&T) in Kentucky. The                              advancement, the quality of its research,            with other commonwealth entities
S&T Plan, compiled and published                                   and financial support to technology-based            to develop the requested strategic
by KY EPSCoR’s parent organization                                 start up companies.                                  plan and to explore opportunities for
the Kentucky Science and Technology                                Recently, NSF has asked KY EPSCoR                    cyberinfrastructure within Kentucky’s
Corporation (KSTC), was widely received                            to submit an updated S&T Plan which                  research, educational, medical and
and spawned the drafting of Kentucky                               incorporates the Commonwealth’s                      commerce communities.
House Bill 572 which established the                               cyberinfrastructure needs. It is anticipated
2000 Kentucky Innovation Act (KIA).                                that federal agencies will provide
      200 W. vine street, suite 420
          lexington, KY 40507

    859-246-3245 | www.kyepscor.org

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