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					  WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION                                 EC/WGAM-IX/Doc. 2
            EXECUTIVE COUNCIL                                       _________

             NINTH SESSION
                                                                    Original: ENGLISH
            28-30 NOVEMBER 2006


                              (Submitted by the Chairman)

                      Summary and Purpose of the Document

      This document contains information on the activities of the chairman of the
      Working Group during intersessional period, including his activities as chair
      of the Intercommission Task Group on IPY and member of the IPY Joint

                                 ACTION PROPOSED

  The working group is invited to note the information contained in the document and
  decide on follow up actions, in particular for future work programme.

  Annex: EC Working Group on Antarctic Meteorology
                                        EC/WGAM-IX/Doc. 2, p. 2


1.        The Executive Council at its fifty-fifth session (Geneva, 26-28 May 2003) decided that
Resolution 10 (EC-LI) – Executive Council Working Group on Antarctic Meteorology (WG AM), be
kept in force. EC-LVII (Geneva, 27 June-1 July 2005) reviewed an updated the membership of the
WG AM and endorsed Professor Qin Dahe (China) as a chairman of the working group. The
composition of the working group at present comprises representatives of 24 WMO Members who
were Parties to the Antarctic Treaty (see Annex I).
2.        Since its eighth session (Geneva, 25-27 November 2002), the activities of the WG AM
were mainly concentrated in accordance with terms of reference on issues related to acquisition
and exchange of meteorological and other environmental data from the Antarctic, monitoring of
climate change and of the ozone layer over this region. As in past, during the intersessional period
of WG AM, the Coordination Meeting on Antarctic Meteorology was held (November, 2005) with
chairman’s approval where the status and major results of the planning and implementation
activities in the Antarctic were reviewed. The meeting was attended by experts from Argentina,
Australia, Chile, Italy, Russian Federation and UK. It should be also noted that during the
intersessional period the working group continued its co-ordinating activities largely by
correspondence via Internet. Members of the working group maintained active contacts with other
groups or bodies, such as the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meetings (ATCM), the Scientific
Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR), the Joint Scientific Committee (JSC) of WCRP, the
Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programmes (COMNAP), and the Intergovernmental
Oceanographic Commission (IOC). In accordance with the guidance given by Congress and
Executive Council, the working group contributed to the Intercommission Task Group on
International Polar Year (IPY).
The Coordination Meeting on Antarctic Meteorology and related IPY Activities
3.         The Coordination Meeting on Antarctic Meteorology and related IPY Activities was held at
the Headquarters of the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (AARI) of Roshydromet,
St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, from 21 to 23 November 2005. The meeting reviewed the
status of the collection of observational data within the Antarctic, their insertion into the GTS and their
distribution on the GTS. The meeting further reviewed the monitoring results of the operation of the
WWW, in particular the results of the 2005 specific monitoring on the Exchange of Antarctic data
and the results of the 2005 exercises of the Special MTN monitoring. The meeting noted that
despite the difficult conditions and problems of logistics, the overall implementation of the Antarctic
Basic Synoptic Network (ABSN) and Antarctic Basic Climatological Network (ABCN) continued to
be generally stable and the number of reports received at MTN Centres (66% - SYNOP, 61% -
TEMP, 69% - CLIMAT and 77% - CLIMAT TEMP) was either higher or around the global average
number of reports (77% - SYNOP, 66% - TEMP, 65% - CLIMAT and 68% - CLIMAT TEMP)
received for 2004. However, the matter of concern was the continuing decreasing trend of the
level of implementation of upper-air stations (making 2 observations per day) from year 2000
onwards. The meeting found some discrepancies in the availability of the data between the
monitoring centres and requested the Secretariat to follow-up these discrepancies when analyzing
the results of the next monitoring exercises. The meeting reviewed present arrangements for the
reception of data and products at Antarctic stations that include various options: the reception of data
on Antarctic point-to-point circuits, the reception of data on point-to-multipoint circuits (HF broadcasts)
operated by Antarctic stations, the reception of data on point-to-point circuits linking the Antarctic
stations to GTS centres located outside Antarctica, the reception of data on point-to-multipoint circuits
(satellite distribution systems like WEFAX and MDD). The meeting agreed that the operation of the
Antarctic data collection and distribution systems was satisfactory. The meeting reiterated the need to
discontinue where possible the HF broadcasts and consider alternative means of receiving the data
and products. Based on the operational experience by countries in the Antarctic, draft amendments to
the Manual on the GTS – Vol. II – The Antarctic (WMO-No. 386) were proposed.
                                      EC/WGAM-IX/Doc. 2, p. 3

Following the discussion on functions for stations in the Antarctic providing data-processing
and other meteorological services, including services for shipping, aircraft, local operations
and research, amendments were proposed to the Manual on the Global Data-Processing
and Forecasting System, Volume II, Regional Aspects, The Antarctic, (WMO-No. 485).

4.        The meeting further reviewed and made proposals to amend the list of stations comprising
both the ABSN and the ABCN. The proposed lists will be circulated among Members operating
stations in Antarctica for their comments prior to the session of the EC WG on Antarctic
Meteorology in 2006. The meeting carried out a comprehensive review of planning and
coordination activities related to the International Polar Year 2007-2008 in the Antarctic. Experts
from Argentina, Australia, Chile, Italy, Russian Federation and UK briefed the meeting on their
national programmes and international cooperation envisaged within IPY. Based on this
information, the meeting decided to launch a project proposal for IPY with a goal of creating a
definitive, high quality data set of standard and complementary meteorological observations for the
Antarctic during IPY for use in climate research and applied investigations (the short title is
COMPASS) and submit it to the Joint Committee for IPY (JC) by 31 January 2006. It is suggested
that major proposals and recommendations of the meeting will be reviewed by the working group
to develop further guidelines on the Antarctic activities to be submitted to the upcoming session of
the WMO Executive Council.

Participation in the Intercommission Task Group and the Joint Committee for IPY

5.       In order to coordinate activities related to the implementation of the IPY within WMO, in
particular among technical commissions and NMHS, EC-LVI (June, 2005) established an
Intercommission Task Group (ITG) on the IPY, chaired by Professor Qin Dahe who was also
nominated as member of JC for IPY. ITG membership includes representatives of CAS, CAeM,
CBS, CCl, CHy, CIMO, JCOMM, and WCRP. Some of them are members of the WG AM as well.
The ITG at its first session (Geneva, 4-6 April 2005) considered, in detail, the role of technical
commissions in the process of the preparation of IPY full proposals and proposed a number of
recommendations to EC, JC and technical commissions regarding ways and means for the better
coordination of the IPY preparation among NMHS, international agencies and multinational
programmes. Most of the sessions of technical commissions have reviewed the ITG
recommendations and approved actions for IPY preparation in their areas of responsibility. They
outlined the main tasks of the commissions in respect of the IPY implementation as follows:

(a)     Facilitating of the preparation of IPY coordination projects;

(b)     Addressing the issue of an improvement of observational systems and services in the
        Arctic and the Antarctic during the IPY and beyond;

(c)     Promoting the establishment of GOOS Regional Alliances in the Arctic and Antarctic to
        ensure maintenance of long-term high latitude ocean observing systems as IPY potential

(d)     Expansion and maintenance in operational mode of long-term observing systems, in
        particular with respect of atmospheric chemistry, transport of pollutants and ozone
        measurements to provide data for detection and projection of climate change;

(e)     Establishing a comprehensive data base of polar climate data to support the assessment
        of current climate change in polar regions;

(f)     Extending to NMHS and IPY National Committees all accumulated information and
        expertise on data and metadata policies, principles and management related to IPY
                                     EC/WGAM-IX/Doc. 2, p. 4

6.       Since all of these actions are closely related to the EC WG AM activities and according to
the ITG recommendation on strengthening of cooperation among Members in preparation of IPY
projects on atmospheric research in Antarctica, a coordination meeting of experts was organized
by the EC Working Group on Antarctic Meteorology and CBS in St. Petersburg, Russia, in
November 2005 (the information on the outcomes of this meeting regarding IPY preparation is
given above).

7.       The results of ITG activities have been reported by Professor Qin Dahe to the sessions of
EC and to JC for IPY. The Council noted with appreciation the ITG activities and was pleased to
note that the JC at its second session (Geneva, November, 2005) very much welcomed the
involvement of technical commissions in the facilitation of appropriate elements of the IPY science
programme. The Council noted that the JC would also appreciate contributions of technical
commissions and EC Working Groups to the IPY issues addressing observational data and
products, including historical records on weather and climate; data management and information
services; human and ecosystem vulnerability to extreme weather events and natural disasters; as
well as education, outreach and communication.

8.          In order to ensure the implementation of these tasks the ITG in cooperation with
technical commissions have proposed experts from ITG and commissions who were nominated by
the JC as members of the IPY Sub-Committees on Observations and on Data Policy and
Management. The joint session of these two Sub-Committees took place recently, from 25 to 27
October 2006 in Beijing (China) on kind invitation of China Meteorological Administration. Members
of the Subcommittees worked out plans for closer collaboration between the two Sub-Committees
and had began to develop a strategy for the overall data flow within IPY. More detailed information
regarding status of IPY preparation and role of WG AM in the IPY is given in the document 6.1.
                                EC/WGAM-IX/Doc. 2, ANNEX


               CHAIRMAN                                    Mr Héctor O. Sosa
Mr Qin Dahe
                                            Servicio Meteorológico Nacional
China Meteorological Administration         25 de Mayo 658
46 Zhongguancun Nandajie                    1002 BUENOS AIRES
Haidian District                            Argentina
BEIJING 100081
China                                       Tel.: +(54 11) 5167 6711
                                            Fax: +(54 11) 5167 6711
Tel.: +(86 10) 6840 6662                    E-mail:
Fax: +(86 10) 6217 4797

             Mr S. Pendlebury                               Mr A.W. Setzer

Bureau of Meteorology                       Instituto National de Pesquisas Espaciais –
Regional Office (Tasmania-Antarctica)       INPE
GPO Box 727                                 Av. Dos Astronautas, 1758
Hobart TAS 7001                             Jardim da Granja
Australia                                   12227.010 – SAO JOSE DOS CAMPOS
                                            SP – Brasil
Tel.: +(61 3) 6221 2001
Fax: +(61 3) 6221 2003                      Tel.: +(55 12) 345 6464 / 61 36
E-mail:             Fax: +(55 12) 345 6990

            Dr Jorge Carrasco                              Prof. Bian Lingen

Direccion Meteorologica de Chile            Chinese Academy of Meteorological
Casilla 717                                 Sciences
SANTIAGO                                    China Meteorological Organization
Chile                                       46 Zhongguancun Nandajie
                                            Haidian District
Tel.: +(56 2) 436 3453                      BEIJING 100081
Fax: +(56 2) 601 9595                       China
                                            Tel.: +(86 10) 6217 6570
                                            Fax: +(86 10) 6217 5931
                               EC/WGAM-IX/Doc. 2, ANNEX, p. 2

               Mr Ju Damski                             Mr Jean-Pierre Mac Veigh

Finnish Meteorological Institute              Directeur Délégué pour l’Outre-Mer
Vuorikatu 24                                  Météo-France
P.O. Box 503                                  1, quai Branly
00101 HELSINKI                                75340 PARIS CEDEX 07
Finland                                       France

Tel.: +(358 9) 1929 22 00                     Tel.: +(33 1) 4556 7011
Fax: +(358 9) 1929 22 03/179 581              Fax: +(33 1) 4556 7005
E-mail:                  E-mail:

               Mr W. Seifert                                     Dr B. Lal

German Weather Service                        India Meteorological department
Bernhard-Nocht-str. 76                        Mausam Bhavan, Lodi Road
D-20359 HAMBURG                               NEW DELHI 110 003
Germany                                       India

Tel.: +(49 40) 3190 8817                      Tel.: +(91 11) 461 18 42
Fax: +(49 40) 3190 8803                       Fax: +(91 11) 469 92 16
E-mail:                  E-mail:

           Mr Giuseppe Frustaci                            Mr Takashi Oshima

Italian Meteorological Service                Director, Administration Division
Head, Forecasting and Operational             Observations Department
Department                                    Japan Meteorological Agency
CNMCA – Pratica de Mare Airport               1-3-4 Otemachi, Chiyoda-ku
Via di Pratica di Mare, 45                    TOKYO 100-8122
I-00040 POMEZIA (Rome)                        Japan
                                              Tel.: +(81 3) 3211 4966
Tel: +(39 6) 9129 3209                        Fax: +(81 3) 3211 2032
Fax: +(39 6) 9129 2457                        E-mail:

          Dr Peter van Velthoven                                Ms S. Nichol

Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute Atmospheric Division
Wilhelminalaan 10                          National Institute of Water and
Postbus 201                                Atmospheric Research
3730 AE DE BILT                            P.O. Box 14 901
The Netherlands                            Kilbirnie
Tel.: +(31 30) 2206419                     New Zealand
Fax: +(31 30) 221 0407
E-mail:                  Tel.: +(64 4) 496 93 08
                                           Fax: +(64 4) 499 19 42
                                  EC/WGAM-IX/Doc. 2, p. 3

           Dr Cecilie Mauritzen                             Mr C. del Carmen

Norwegian Meteorological Institute            Servicio Nacional de Meteorologia e
P.O. Box 43                                   Hidrologia
Blindern                                      Avenida Republica de Chile 295
N-0313 OSLO                                   Apartado 13308
Norway                                        4862 LIMA
Tel.: +(47 22) 96 3000
Fax: +(47 22) 96 3050                         Tel.: +(51 1) 472 4180
E-mail:              Fax: +(51 1) 471 7287

               Mr M. Mietus                                  Dr Yu Tsaturov

Institute of Meteorology and Water            Russian Federal Service for
Management                                    Hydrometeorology and Environmental
Maritime Branch                               Monitoring
ul. Waszyngtona 42                            12 Novovagankovsky str.
PL-81-342 GDYNIA                              MOSCOW 123242
Poland                                        Russian Federation

Tel.: +(48 22) 34 18 51                       Tel.: +(7 095) 252 24 29
Fax: +(48 22) 34 07 08                        Fax: +(7 095) 255 24 00
E-mail:                                       E-mail:

            Mr G.J.R. Goetzee                                  Mr A. Labajo

South African Weather Bureau                  Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia
Private Bag X97                               Apartado de Correos 285
PRETORIA 0001                                 E-28071 MADRID
South Africa                                  Spain

Tel.: +(27 12) 309 31 20 / 309 31 19          Tel.: +(34 91)
Fax: +(27 12) 290 30 31 / 309 31 19           Fax: +(34 91)
E-mail:                                       E-mail:

             Mr V.I. Lipinsky                               Dr J.D. Shanklin

State Hydrometeorological Service of          British Antarctic Survey
Ukraine                                       High Cross, Madingley Road
6, Zolotovoritska Street 01034                CAMBRIDGE, CB3 OET
KIEV 34                                       United Kingdom
                                              Tel.: +(44 1223) 251 482
Tel.: +(380 44) 239 93 33                     Fax: +(44 1223) 221 279
Fax: +(380 44) 246 56 30 / 278 13 75          E-mail:
E-mail:              website:
                               EC/WGAM-IX/Doc. 2, p. 4

        Mrs Maria Lila Bernasconi                        Dr B. Lettau

Direccion Nacional de Meteorolologia       National Science Foundation
Casilla de Correo 64                       Office of Polar Programmes
MONTEVIDEO                                 Antarctic Oceans and Climate Systems
Uruguay                                    Programme
                                           4201 Wilson Blvd., Room 775
Tel.: +(598 2) 400 35 83 / 408 00 36       ARLINGTON, VA 22230
Fax: +(598 2) 400 35 83                    USA
                                           Tel.: +(1 703) 306 1033
                                           Fax: +(1 703) 306 0139

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