Milk production and factors affecting supply by farmservice

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									Milk production and factors affecting supply, 1985-2005
Milk cows and heifers that have calved January 1 inventory Replacement Replacements heifers 500 per 100 cows lbs. and over Average milk cows on farms Thousand Milk production Per cow Total Average milk prices received Eligible All for fluid Manufacturing market grade ------------Dollars per cwt----------

Year

-------------Thousand----------------

Pounds

Million pounds 143,012 143,124 142,709 145,034 143,893 147,721 147,697 150,847 150,636 153,602 155,292 154,006 156,091 157,262 162,589 167,393 165,332 170,063 170,394 170,934 176,989

1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 1/

10,777 11,116 10,466 10,311 10,137 10,015 9,965 9,728 9,658 9,507 9,482 9,420 9,318 9,200 9,128 9,183 9,172 9,106 9,142 8,990 9,005

4,770 4,709 4,305 4,122 4,117 4,171 4,093 4,131 4,176 4,125 4,121 4,090 4,058 3,986 4,069 4,000 4,057 4,055 4,114 4,020 4,118

44.3 42.4 41.1 40.0 40.6 41.6 41.1 42.5 43.2 43.4 43.5 43.4 43.6 43.3 44.6 43.6 44.2 44.5 45.0 44.7 45.7

10,981 10,773 10,327 10,224 10,046 9,993 9,826 9,688 9,581 9,494 9,466 9,372 9,252 9,151 9,153 9,199 9,103 9,139 9,083 9,012 9,041

13,024 13,285 13,819 14,185 14,323 14,782 15,031 15,570 15,722 16,179 16,405 16,433 16,871 17,185 17,763 18,197 18,162 18,608 18,760 18,967 19,576

12.76 12.51 12.54 12.26 13.56 13.74 12.27 13.15 12.84 13.01 12.78 14.75 13.36 15.46 14.38 12.40 15.04 12.18 12.55 16.13 15.15

12.90 12.62 12.66 12.36 13.66 13.89 12.30 13.19 12.88 13.02 12.80 14.79 13.40 15.50 14.42 12.44 15.08 12.20 12.56 16.13 15.16

11.72 11.46 11.37 11.15 12.38 12.34 11.05 11.91 11.80 11.85 11.79 13.43 12.17 14.24 12.84 10.52 13.44 10.89 11.71 15.45 14.47

Year

Dairy ration value

Milk/feed price ratio 2/ Pounds

Milk cow cost Price Milk rereceived quired to per head buy a cow Dollars Cwt

Grain and other concentrates fed to milk cows Total Per Per cwt cow of milk Thousand tons 28,891 29,913 29,607 29,853 29,602 32,402 30,934 31,572 31,952 32,469 31,997 31,665 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA ----------Pounds----------

Alfalfa hay prices received by farmers Dollars per ton 73.67 64.85 65.97 82.51 95.98 92.56 78.96 75.45 86.67 93.97 88.09 93.76 110.69 94.29 81.97 85.03 102.27 101.30 94.03 95.22 103.33

Slaughter cow prices 3/

Dollars per cwt 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 1/ 7.35 7.00 6.81 7.74 8.20 7.98 7.73 7.68 7.73 7.98 7.88 9.30 8.67 7.81 7.08 7.06 NA NA NA NA NA

Dollars per cwt 38.31 37.18 44.80 47.91 50.11 53.32 51.50 49.69 50.14 45.03 38.12 33.00 36.93 35.54 37.28 40.08 44.78 40.09 46.88 53.71 54.92

1.73 1.79 1.84 1.58 1.65 1.71 1.58 1.69 1.64 1.62 1.62 1.59 1.54 1.98 2.03 1.76 NA NA NA NA NA

860 820 920 990 1,030 1,160 1,100 1,130 1,160 1,170 1,130 1,087 1,095 1,143 1,298 1,341 1,535 1,575 1,340 1,610 1,800

67 66 73 81 76 84 90 86 90 90 88 74 82 74 90 108 102 129 107 100 119

5,427 5,534 5,736 5,820 5,845 6,397 6,192 6,417 6,664 6,840 6,771 6,777 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

41.8 41.8 41.6 41.2 41.0 43.7 41.7 41.6 42.4 42.3 41.2 41.1 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

1/ Preliminary. 2/ Pounds of average concentrate ration equal in value to 1 pound of milk. 3/ Utility grade, Omaha 1965-87, Wisconsin auctions 1988-1999, and South St. Paul 2000 and after. NA = Not Available.


								
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