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Wheat Yearbook Data Tables - Recent Years; 34 pages

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Wheat Yearbook Data Tables - Recent Years; 34 pages Powered By Docstoc
					Wheat Data: Yearbook Tables
These tables contain the most recent years of data available. Updates of this data, and data covering more years and countries, can be found at http://www.ers.usda.gov/Data/Wheat/ U.S. Acreage, Production, Yield, and Farm Price Table 1--Wheat: Planted acreage, harvested acreage, production, yield, and farm price Table 2--Rye: Planted acreage, harvested acreage, production, yield, and farm price World Production, Supply, and Disappearance Table 3--World wheat supply and disappearance Table 4--World and U.S. wheat production, exports, and ending stocks U.S. Supply and Disappearance Table 5--Wheat: Supply and disappearance Table 6--Wheat classes: Supply and disappearance Table 7--Hard red winter wheat: Supply and disappearance Table 8--Hard red spring wheat: Supply and disappearance Table 9--Soft red winter wheat: Supply and disappearance Table 10--White wheat: Supply and disappearance Table 11--Durum wheat: Supply and disappearance Table 12--Rye: Supply and disappearance Food Use Table 13--Total wheat food use Table 14--Total wheat food use, by component Table 15--Total durum food use Table 16--Durum food use, by component Government and Private Stocks Table 17--Wheat: Government and private stocks Domestic and International Prices Table 18--Wheat: Average price received by farmers, United States Table 19--Wheat: Cash prices at principal markets Table 20--U.S. and foreign wheat prices Exports and Imports Table 21--U.S. total wheat exports: Grain, flour, and products Table 22--U.S. durum wheat exports: Grain, flour, and products Table 23--U.S. total wheat imports: Grain, flour, and products Table 24--U.S. durum wheat imports: Grain, flour, and products Table 25--U.S. wheat exports by selected destinations Table 26--U.S. wheat exports by class for top 5 destinations Table 27--U.S. wheat exports by selected government programs Flour Production and Prices Table 28--Wheat flour production Table 29--Wheat flour: Supply and disappearance Table 30--Durum flour production Table 31--Durum flour: Supply and disappearance Table 32--Wheat and flour price relationships, Kansas City Table 33--Wheat and flour price relationships, Minneapolis

Table 1--Wheat: Planted acreage, harvested acreage, production, yield, and farm price Planted acreage (million acres) 57.23 57.34 60.43 63.46 30.049 29.340 32.941 31.949 13.344 14.421 12.715 13.449 6.134 7.385 8.645 10.998 4.942 4.328 3.982 4.406 2.760 1.870 2.149 2.655 Harvested acreage (million acres) 50.12 46.81 51.01 56.59 24.625 21.320 25.698 26.845 12.946 13.418 12.387 13.028 5.147 6.162 7.057 9.935 4.665 4.095 3.757 4.195 2.716 1.815 2.112 2.583 Production (million bushels) 2,104.69 1,812.04 2,066.72 2,462.42 929.82 682.08 961.59 1,055.24 466.59 432.34 448.90 466.22 309.02 390.17 357.90 608.73 298.16 253.98 226.65 245.66 101.11 53.48 71.69 86.57 Yield (bushels per acre) 42.0 38.7 40.5 43.5 37.8 32.0 37.4 39.3 36.0 32.2 36.2 35.8 60.0 63.3 50.7 61.3 63.9 62.0 60.3 58.6 37.2 29.5 33.9 34.8 Weighted-average farm price 2/ (dollars per bushel) 3.42 4.26 6.48 6.50-8.00 3.38 4.53 6.15 -3.70 4.48 7.16 -3.19 3.38 5.20 -3.13 4.14 7.23 -3.46 4.43 9.75 --

Class and mkt year 1/ All wheat 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 Hard red winter 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09

Hard red spring

Soft red winter

White

Durum

1/ June-May. Latest data may be preliminary or projected. 2/ U.S. season-average price based on monthly prices weighted by monthly marketings. Prices do not include an allowance for loans outstanding and government purchases. For hard red winter, hard red spring, soft red winter, and white, simple average of monthly prices for selected States prior to 2002/03. Latest data are from World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Crop Production, Agricultural Prices, and unpublished data; and USDA, World Agricultural Outlook Board, World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 2--Rye: Planted acreage, harvested acreage, production, yield, and farm price Weighted-average farm price Planted acreage Harvested acreage Production Yield Mkt yr 1/ (1,000 acres) (1,000 acres) (1,000 bushels) (bushels per acre) (dollars per bushel) 1989/90 2,014 479 13,482 28.1 2.06 1990/91 1,625 375 10,176 27.1 2.09 1991/92 1,671 395 9,734 24.6 2.20 1992/93 1,542 391 11,440 29.4 2.38 1993/94 1,493 381 10,340 27.1 2.55 1994/95 1,613 407 11,341 27.9 2.70 1995/96 1,602 385 10,064 26.1 2.90 1996/97 1,457 345 8,936 25.9 3.70 1997/98 1,400 316 8,132 25.7 3.75 1998/99 1,566 418 12,161 29.1 2.50 1999/00 1,582 383 11,038 28.8 2.27 2000/01 1,329 296 8,386 28.3 2.60 2001/02 1,328 250 6,896 27.6 2.86 2002/03 1,355 263 6,488 24.7 3.32 2003/04 1,348 319 8,634 27.1 2.93 2004/05 1,380 300 8,255 27.5 3.22 2005/06 1,433 279 7,537 27.0 3.30 2006/07 1,396 274 7,193 26.3 3.32 2007/08 1,376 289 7,914 27.4 4.96 2008/09 1,190 266 ---1/ June-May. Latest data may be preliminary or projected. 2/ U.S. season-average price based on monthly prices weighted by monthly marketings. Prices do not include an allowance for loans outstanding and government purchases. Sources: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Crop Production and Agricultural Prices. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 3--World wheat supply and disapperance Area harvested (million hectares) 217.927 226.498 231.621 223.405 222.740 221.837 214.399 219.054 230.313 228.473 225.390 215.666 217.895 215.205 215.225 210.187 217.633 218.823 212.332 217.532 Yield (metric tons per hectare) 2.27 2.35 2.54 2.43 2.53 2.52 2.44 2.45 2.52 2.67 2.62 2.72 2.68 2.71 2.64 2.63 2.88 2.84 2.81 2.81 Production (million metric tons) 495.048 533.224 588.599 543.275 562.436 558.226 522.682 537.136 581.295 610.008 590.246 586.745 582.899 583.078 568.708 553.838 625.738 620.851 596.273 610.537 Feed use 2/ (million metric tons) 103.981 103.668 130.089 113.820 110.918 107.971 99.559 91.922 96.652 100.948 103.649 98.923 104.422 107.806 112.084 96.314 105.629 111.551 105.763 97.110 Domestic disappearance (million metric tons) 519.463 531.298 554.057 551.610 548.308 552.699 541.796 544.625 573.448 577.165 578.723 585.022 584.983 587.138 605.257 588.612 606.937 624.360 616.897 622.070 Exports 2/ (million metric tons) 105.151 103.419 103.843 109.948 110.039 103.717 98.215 99.195 106.903 104.413 101.284 113.449 101.498 105.707 105.630 108.581 111.245 116.709 111.186 113.958 121.281 Ending stocks (million metric tons) 134.719 136.645 171.187 162.852 176.680 182.207 163.093 155.604 163.451 196.294 207.817 209.540 207.456 203.396 166.847 132.073 150.874 147.365 126.741 115.208 136.156

Mkt year 1/ 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

2008 223.931 3.00 670.751 119.769 649.803 1/ Aggregated based on local marketing years. Latest data may be preliminary or projected. 2/ Excludes intra-European Union trade. Source: USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service, Production, Supply, and Distribution Database.

Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 4--World and U.S. wheat production, exports and ending stocks World production (million bushels) 18,189.900 19,592.628 21,627.311 19,961.939 20,665.985 20,511.294 19,205.276 19,736.370 21,358.935 22,413.957 21,687.828 21,559.188 21,417.872 21,424.449 20,896.442 20,350.063 22,991.936 22,812.369 21,909.282 22,433.395 U.S. production (million bushels) 1,812.200 2,036.630 2,729.764 1,980.155 2,466.789 2,396.425 2,320.990 2,182.723 2,277.375 2,481.450 2,547.331 2,295.563 2,228.175 1,947.453 1,605.884 2,344.763 2,158.252 2,104.680 1,812.053 2,066.723 World exports (million bushels) 3,863.638 3,799.998 3,815.577 4,039.897 4,043.241 3,810.947 3,608.784 3,644.792 3,928.013 3,836.521 3,721.550 4,168.537 3,729.413 3,884.067 3,881.238 3,989.669 4,087.554 4,288.322 4,085.386 4,187.240 U.S. exports (million bushels) 1,414.853 1,231.943 1,069.462 1,282.319 1,353.565 1,227.754 1,188.292 1,241.129 1,001.523 1,040.398 1,045.726 1,086.512 1,062.040 962.318 850.213 1,158.309 1,065.898 1,002.773 908.488 1,264.094 World ending stocks (million bushels) 4,950.076 5,020.844 6,290.046 5,983.787 6,491.879 6,694.961 5,992.642 5,717.468 6,005.796 7,212.570 7,635.968 7,699.277 7,622.703 7,473.524 6,130.578 4,852.852 5,543.671 5,414.737 4,656.935 4,233.169 5,002.877 U.S. ending stocks (million bushels) 701.621 536.458 868.144 475.023 530.653 568.499 506.586 376.035 443.607 722.492 945.930 949.751 876.191 777.129 491.410 546.452 540.096 571.181 456.136 305.634 574.047

Mkt year 1/ 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008

U.S. share (percent) 9.96 10.39 12.62 9.92 11.94 11.68 12.09 11.06 10.66 11.07 11.75 10.65 10.40 9.09 7.68 11.52 9.39 9.23 8.27 9.21

U.S. share (percent) 36.62 32.42 28.03 31.74 33.48 32.22 32.93 34.05 25.50 27.12 28.10 26.06 28.48 24.78 21.91 29.03 26.08 23.38 22.24 30.19

U.S. share (percent) 14.17 10.68 13.80 7.94 8.17 8.49 8.45 6.58 7.39 10.02 12.39 12.34 11.49 10.40 8.02 11.26 9.74 10.55 9.79 7.22 11.47

24,645.880 2,462.416 9.99 4,456.314 1,000.017 22.44 1/ Aggregated based on local marketing years. Latest data may be preliminary or projected. Source: USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service, Production, Supply, and Distribution Database.

Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 5--All wheat: Supply and disappearance (million bushels) Supply Disappearance Domestic use Feed and Total residual domestic use use 3/ Seed use 4 265 497 47 -56 227 2 3 223 24 -31 222 78 182 1,169 2 263 496 51 -61 228 1 4 225 24 -49 203 78 157 1,152 2 208 445 56 -46 253 1 28 255 22 -69 187 81 121 1,140 2 272 514 60 -120 185 2 -42 187 25 -80 180 88 30 1,066 84 250 1,294

Mkt year and qtr 1/ 2004/05 Q1 Jun-Aug Q2 Sep-Nov Q3 Dec-Feb Q4 Mar-May MY Jun-May 2005/06 Q1 Jun-Aug Q2 Sep-Nov Q3 Dec-Feb Q4 Mar-May MY Jun-May 2006/07 Q1 Jun-Aug Q2 Sep-Nov Q3 Dec-Feb Q4 Mar-May MY Jun-May 2007/08 Q1 Jun-Aug Q2 Sep-Nov Q3 Dec-Feb Q4 Mar-May MY Jun-May 2008/09 MY Jun-May

Beginnin Productio g stocks n 546 2,158 1,938 -1,430 -984 -546 2,158 540 2,105 1,923 -1,429 -972 -540 2,105 571 1,812 1,751 -1,315 -857 -571 1,812 456 2,067 1,717 -1,132 -709 -456 2,067 306 2,462

Imports Total 2/ supply 3/ Food use 17 2,722 227 19 1,957 236 18 1,448 218 17 1,001 229 71 2,775 910 19 2,663 231 20 1,944 238 20 1,450 219 22 995 228 81 2,726 917 26 2,410 235 29 1,780 243 32 1,346 225 34 891 234 122 2,505 938 30 2,553 240 21 1,738 245 24 1,156 228 37 746 235 113 2,635 948 100 2,868 960

Total Exports disappear 2/ ance 3/ 287 784 300 527 240 464 239 461 1,066 2,235 244 740 286 514 252 477 220 423 1,003 2,155 214 659 212 465 235 490 247 435 908 2,049 323 836 421 606 259 446 260 441 1,264 2,330 1,000 2,294

Ending stocks 1,938 1,430 984 540 540 1,923 1,429 972 571 571 1,751 1,315 857 456 456 1,717 1,132 709 306 306 574

1/ June-May. Latest data may be preliminary or projected. 2/ Includes flour and selected other products expressed in grain-equivalent bushels. 3/ Totals may not add due to rounding. Source: USDA, World Agricultural Outlook Board, World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates and supporting materials. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 6--Wheat classes: Supply and disappearance (million bushels) Supply Disappearance Domestic use Beginning Total supply stocks Production 3/ 4/ 5/ 491 2,345 2,899 188 1,071 1,260 145 500 654 55 380 457 75 297 383 28 97 145 546 2,158 2,775 227 856 1,084 157 525 690 64 380 466 72 306 390 26 90 145 540 2,105 2,726 193 930 1,123 159 467 638 88 309 423 63 298 371 38 101 171 571 1,812 2,505 215 682 898 132 432 614 106 390 516 78 254 342 40 53 135 456 2,067 2,635 165 962 1,127 117 449 614 109 358 481 44 227 280 22 72 134 306 2,462 2,868 139 1,055 1,196 63 466 569 57 609 671 38 246 293 8 87 140 Feed and Food use residual use 912 203 378 109 223 -17 153 87 85 27 73 -3 910 182 382 86 228 -33 155 89 75 38 70 2 917 157 370 77 227 -22 155 72 85 27 80 3 938 121 366 51 236 -6 165 80 85 11 86 -15 948 30 397 17 233 -9 150 45 85 -19 83 -4 960 250 390 80 235 -20 160 175 85 15 90 -Total Total domestic disappeara use 5/ 6/ Exports 4/ nce 5/ 1,194 1,158 2,353 522 510 1,033 225 272 497 256 138 393 119 192 311 73 46 119 1,169 1,066 2,235 502 389 891 216 315 531 255 122 378 120 208 327 77 31 108 1,152 1,003 2,155 481 428 908 226 280 506 241 76 317 119 174 293 85 45 131 1,140 908 2,049 453 280 733 249 248 497 262 145 407 103 195 298 74 40 114 1,066 1,264 2,330 450 538 988 245 305 551 215 209 424 72 170 242 83 42 125 1,294 1,000 2,294 508 445 953 234 245 479 352 145 497 106 135 241 94 30 124 Ending stocks 546 227 157 64 72 26 540 193 159 88 63 38 571 215 132 106 78 40 456 165 117 109 44 22 306 139 63 57 38 8 574 243 90 174 52 16

Mkt yr and type 1/ 2/ 2003/04 All wheat Hard red winter Hard red spring Soft red winter White Durum 2004/05 All wheat Hard red winter Hard red spring Soft red winter White Durum 2005/06 All wheat Hard red winter Hard red spring Soft red winter White Durum 2006/07 All wheat Hard red winter Hard red spring Soft red winter White Durum 2007/08 All wheat Hard red winter Hard red spring Soft red winter White Durum 2008/09 All wheat Hard red winter Hard red spring Soft red winter White Durum

1/ June-May. Latest data may be preliminary or projected. 2/ For hard red winter, hard red spring, soft red winter, and white, data, except production, are approximations. 3/ Inclues imports. 4/ Includes flour and selected other products expressed in grain-equivalent bushels. 5/ Totals may not add due to rounding. 6/ Includes seed. Source: USDA, World Agricultural Outlook Board, World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates and supporting materials. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 7--Hard red winter wheat: Supply and disappearance (million bushels) Supply Disappearance Domestic use Feed and residual use Seed use 41 95 38 321 40 129 40 111 39 137 38 190 40 96 38 127 36 156 35 186 34 132 32 93 34 65 37 74 35 109 33 86 33 77 36 51 36 17 38 80

Mkt year 1/ 1989/90 1990/91 1991/92 1992/93 1993/94 1994/95 1995/96 1996/97 1997/98 1998/99 1999/00 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09

Beginning stocks Production Imports 2/ 302 711 -215 1,196 -360 901 -194 967 -204 1,066 3.53 227 971 3.38 194 825 .29 154 759 .28 143 1,098 .63 307 1,179 .90 435 1,051 .11 458 846 .05 411 766 .81 363 620 .28 188 1,071 .38 227 856 .66 193 930 .43 215 682 1.06 165 962 1.09 139 1,055 1.00

Total supply 3/ 1,013 1,411 1,261 1,162 1,273 1,202 1,019 914 1,242 1,487 1,486 1,304 1,178 984 1,260 1,084 1,123 898 1,127 1,196

Food use 303 321 338 343 384 359 346 320 381 387 386 375 366 377 378 382 370 366 397 390

Total Total domestic disappeara use 3/ Exports 2/ nce 3/ 439 359 798 681 369 1,050 507 559 1,067 494 464 958 560 486 1,046 586 422 1,008 481 384 865 485 286 771 573 362 935 608 444 1,052 552 476 1,028 500 393 893 465 349 815 488 308 795 522 510 1,033 502 389 891 481 428 908 453 280 733 450 538 988 508 445 953

Ending stocks 215 360 194 204 227 194 154 143 307 435 458 411 363 188 227 193 215 165 139 243

1/ June-May. Latest data may be preliminary or projected. 2/ Includes flour and selected other products expressed in grain-equivalent bushels. 3/ Totals may not add due to rounding. Source: USDA, World Agricultural Outlook Board, World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates and supporting materials. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 8--Hard red spring wheat: Supply and disappearance (million bushels) Supply Disappearance Domestic use Feed and residual use Seed use 23 1 19 14 27 8 27 24 27 60 20 62 27 4 32 32 24 5 18 40 24 29 20 51 23 26 20 -33 19 -17 21 -33 21 -22 19 -6 21 -9 19 -20

Total Total Mkt year Beginning Total domestic disappeara 1/ stocks Production Imports 2/ supply 3/ Food use use 3/ Exports 2/ nce 3/ 1989/90 219 433 7 659 200 224 280 504 1990/91 155 555 8 718 204 238 201 439 1991/92 279 431 16 726 180 215 380 595 1992/93 131 707 35 873 213 264 438 702 1993/94 171 512 66 749 195 282 266 548 1994/95 201 515 51 767 200 282 292 574 1995/96 193 475 30 698 231 262 330 592 1996/97 106 631 53 790 260 324 300 624 1997/98 166 491 57 714 225 253 241 494 1998/99 220 486 58 765 230 289 243 532 1999/00 233 448 56 737 242 295 224 519 2000/01 218 502 56 776 267 339 227 566 2001/02 210 475 61 746 250 299 217 516 2002/03 230 351 23 605 215 202 258 460 2003/04 145 500 9 654 223 225 272 497 2004/05 157 525 8 690 228 216 315 531 2005/06 159 467 12 638 227 226 280 506 2006/07 132 432 50 614 236 249 248 497 2007/08 117 449 48 614 233 245 305 551 2008/09 63 466 40 569 235 234 245 479 1/ June-May. Latest data may be preliminary or projected. 2/ Includes flour and selected other products expressed in grain-equivalent bushels. 3/ Totals may not add due to rounding. Source: USDA, World Agricultural Outlook Board, World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates and supporting materials.

Ending stocks 155 279 131 171 201 193 106 166 220 233 218 210 230 145 157 159 132 117 63 90

Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 9--Soft red winter wheat: Supply and disappearance (million bushels) Supply Disappearance Domestic use Mkt year 1/ 1989/90 1990/91 1991/92 1992/93 1993/94 1994/95 1995/96 1996/97 1997/98 1998/99 1999/00 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 Beginning stocks Production Imports 2/ 39 549 -32 544 -80 325 -41 427 -43 401 -45 438 -37 456 -35 420 -45 472 -80 443 -136 452 4 133 469 3 135 397 3 78 321 13 55 380 22 64 380 22 88 309 26 106 390 20 109 358 14 57 609 5 Total supply 3/ 588 575 405 468 444 484 492 455 517 523 592 605 535 412 457 466 423 516 481 671 Feed and residual use 40 99 94 50 60 65 34 101 82 119 111 120 87 72 87 89 72 80 45 175 Total Total domestic disappeara use 3/ Exports 2/ nce 3/ 212 345 557 265 230 495 259 105 364 215 210 425 226 173 399 235 212 447 207 250 457 270 140 410 257 180 437 287 100 387 285 174 459 290 180 470 258 200 457 253 105 357 256 138 393 255 122 378 241 76 317 262 145 407 215 209 424 352 145 497 Ending stocks 32 80 41 43 45 37 35 45 80 136 133 135 78 55 64 88 106 109 57 174

Food use Seed use 145 26 145 22 145 20 145 20 147 19 150 20 150 23 150 19 155 20 150 17 155 18 153 16 155 16 165 16 153 16 155 12 155 14 165 17 150 21 160 17

1/ June-May. Latest data may be preliminary or projected. 2/ Includes flour and selected other products expressed in grain-equivalent bushels. 3/ Totals may not add due to rounding. Source: USDA, World Agricultural Outlook Board, World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates and supporting materials. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 10--White wheat: Supply and disappearance (million bushels) Supply Disappearance Domestic use Feed and residual use Seed use 7 .1 8 42 7 1 7 2 7 32 7 29 7 24 7 34 6 18 6 16 6 6 6 37 6 8 7 8 7 27 6 38 7 27 6 11 6 -19 6 15

Mkt year 1/ 1989/90 1990/91 1991/92 1992/93 1993/94 1994/95 1995/96 1996/97 1997/98 1998/99 1999/00 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09

Beginning stocks Production Imports 2/ 81 251 3 85 313 10 87 219 6 54 266 9 64 347 9 67 300 15 57 325 19 55 352 15 59 332 8 90 301 10 87 245 6 91 301 5 75 226 8 73 233 11 75 297 11 72 306 11 63 298 10 78 254 10 44 227 9 38 246 9

Total supply 3/ 335 408 311 329 420 382 401 422 399 401 339 397 309 317 383 390 371 342 280 293

Food use 50 55 57 60 65 67 77 85 80 75 75 74 75 80 85 75 85 85 85 85

Total Total domestic disappeara use 3/ Exports 2/ nce 3/ 57 193 250 105 216 321 65 193 258 70 195 265 104 249 353 103 222 325 108 238 346 126 237 363 104 205 309 97 217 314 87 161 248 116 206 322 89 147 236 94 147 242 119 192 311 120 208 327 119 174 293 103 195 298 72 170 242 106 135 241

Ending stocks 85 87 54 64 67 57 55 59 90 87 91 75 73 75 72 63 78 44 38 52

1/ June-May. Latest data may be preliminary or projected. 2/ Includes flour and selected other products expressed in grain-equivalent bushels. 3/ Totals may not add due to rounding. Source: USDA, World Agricultural Outlook Board, World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates and supporting materials. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 11--Durum wheat: Supply and disappearance (million bushels) Supply Disappearance Domestic use Feed and residual use Seed use 6 3 5 6 4 12 4 7 4 -17 4 -1 7 -4 7 13 7 -10 4 30 9 1 4 -.4 5 -4 5 -4 3 -3 5 2 3 3 4 -15 4 -4 4 --

Mkt year 1/ 1989/90 1990/91 1991/92 1992/93 1993/94 1994/95 1995/96 1996/97 1997/98 1998/99 1999/00 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09

Beginning stocks Production Imports 2/ 60 92 13 50 122 18 62 104 19 55 100 26 49 70 31 28 97 22 26 102 18 25 116 24 31 88 29 26 138 33 55 99 28 50 110 26 45 84 34 33 80 30 28 97 21 26 90 29 38 101 32 40 53 41 22 72 40 8 87 45

Total supply 3/ 165 191 186 180 150 147 147 165 148 197 182 185 163 143 145 145 171 135 134 140

Food use 51 65 69 74 81 77 79 76 73 68 71 81 80 81 73 70 80 86 83 90

Total Total domestic disappeara use 3/ Exports 2/ nce 3/ 60 55 115 76 53 129 86 45 131 85 47 132 68 54 122 81 40 121 82 39 121 96 38 135 69 53 122 101 41 143 81 51 133 85 56 140 81 49 130 82 33 115 73 46 119 77 31 108 85 45 131 74 40 114 83 42 125 94 30 124

Ending stocks 50 62 55 49 28 26 25 31 26 55 50 45 33 28 26 38 40 22 8 16

1/ June-May. Latest data may be preliminary or projected. 2/ Includes flour and selected other products expressed in grain-equivalent bushels. 3/ Totals may not add due to rounding. Source: USDA, World Agricultural Outlook Board, World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates and supporting materials. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 12--Rye: Supply and disappearance (million bushels) Supply Disappearance Domestic use Mkt year Beginning Production 1/ stocks 2/ 1989/90 10.32 13.65 1990/91 5.63 10.18 1991/92 3.32 9.73 1992/93 1.51 11.44 1993/94 1.56 10.34 1994/95 .97 11.34 1995/96 1.45 10.06 1996/97 .90 8.94 1997/98 .75 8.13 1998/99 .76 12.16 1999/00 2.45 11.04 2000/01 1.59 8.39 2001/02 1.19 6.90 2002/03 .57 6.49 2003/04 .45 8.63 2004/05 .58 8.26 2005/06 .79 7.54 2006/07 .71 7.19 2007/08 .48 7.91 2008/09 .40 7.20 Total Industrial supply 3/ Food use Seed use use 4/ 24.00 3.50 3.00 2.00 19.70 3.50 3.00 2.00 17.60 3.50 3.00 2.00 16.05 3.42 3.00 2.00 16.50 3.54 3.00 2.00 16.70 3.31 3.00 2.00 15.28 3.32 3.00 2.00 14.16 3.46 3.00 2.00 14.45 3.30 2.00 3.00 16.25 3.64 3.00 3.00 16.91 3.30 3.00 3.00 13.21 3.30 3.00 3.00 13.03 3.30 3.00 3.00 13.20 3.30 3.00 3.00 12.37 3.30 3.00 3.00 14.47 3.30 3.00 3.00 13.81 3.30 3.00 3.00 13.80 3.30 3.00 3.00 15.46 3.30 3.00 3.00 14.60 3.30 3.00 3.00 Feed and Total residual domestic use use 3/ 9.07 17.57 7.67 16.17 7.53 16.03 6.07 14.48 6.98 15.52 6.90 15.21 6.02 14.34 4.92 13.38 5.31 13.60 4.13 13.77 5.74 15.04 2.33 11.63 2.97 12.27 3.33 12.63 2.43 11.73 4.23 13.53 3.79 13.09 3.95 13.25 5.50 14.80 4.80 14.10 Total disappear ance 3/ 18.37 16.38 16.08 14.50 15.53 15.25 14.38 13.41 13.68 13.80 15.32 12.02 12.46 12.75 11.78 13.67 13.11 13.32 15.06 14.20 Ending stocks 5.63 3.32 1.51 1.56 .97 1.45 .90 .75 .76 2.45 1.59 1.19 .57 .45 .58 .79 .71 .48 .40 .40

Imports .03 3.90 4.54 3.10 4.61 4.39 3.76 4.33 5.56 3.32 3.42 3.23 4.95 6.14 3.29 5.63 5.48 5.90 7.06 7.00

Exports .80 .21 .05 .01 .02 .04 .04 .03 .08 .03 .29 .39 .19 .12 .06 .15 .01 .07 .27 .10

1/ June-May. Latest data may be preliminary or projected. 2/ As of marketing year 2000, Colorado, Indiana, Maryland, New Jersey, and Virginia are no longer included in national production estimates. 3/ Totals may not add due to rounding. 4/ Includes commercial adhesives, packaging materials, thatching, mattresses, hats, and paper. Source: USDA, World Agricultural Outlook Board, World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates supporting materials cleared by the Wheat Interagency Commodity Estimates Committee. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 13--Total all wheat food use (1,000 grain-equivalent bushels) Mkt year 1/ 1988/89 1989/90 1990/91 1991/92 1992/93 1993/94 1994/95 1995/96 1996/97 1997/98 1998/99 1999/00 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 Jun 1,157 1,092 -7,178 -701 -1,455 724 882 1,489 1,623 72,334 73,909 73,960 74,519 73,410 73,706 72,818 73,304 73,974 75,611 74,969 Jul 247 -7 -3,187 -2,603 -840 -3,478 -1,249 1,583 574 73,395 74,268 77,558 76,366 76,347 76,616 73,572 75,971 77,304 78,751 Aug -3,683 -549 -1,834 288 1,255 -2,150 -3,865 1,966 1,904 79,886 81,987 87,256 82,929 83,418 80,199 81,098 81,909 83,688 85,488 Sep -6,998 -879 -1,777 164 -647 -122 982 224 203 75,711 75,152 81,430 79,343 79,583 79,948 77,842 79,441 80,952 81,447 Oct -1,319 -1,162 1,167 -1,169 -631 322 1,501 1,183 1,080 83,569 83,204 86,897 84,449 80,730 81,483 80,599 81,076 82,744 84,168 Nov -4,753 -1,278 2 -1,861 -336 -909 2,386 943 1,868 81,465 82,786 84,666 81,296 77,441 78,161 77,142 77,884 79,547 79,410 Dec -1,569 -2,370 -984 -1,278 -61 -1,031 122 1,621 865 72,431 77,129 78,945 76,262 71,306 72,248 72,157 72,891 74,425 76,831 Jan -2,322 -2,851 -545 -385 201 -2,619 902 2,422 2,115 72,807 71,208 74,068 75,000 73,101 73,354 71,399 73,097 73,474 76,275 75,938 Feb -4,821 -1,205 -1,677 -3,308 -5,403 -1,034 -3,570 806 1,478 70,911 70,126 71,527 74,206 71,764 72,730 72,060 72,527 72,994 74,627 74,892 Mar -4,775 -2,432 -4,021 -2,191 -3,128 -2,528 -3,689 2,156 995 76,886 74,183 79,296 78,999 76,669 77,724 76,677 77,709 77,516 79,736 79,482 Apr -4,458 -4,000 -1,325 -1,255 -4,660 -846 -3,383 1,436 2,214 74,869 76,547 75,799 73,618 74,037 74,990 74,467 74,441 74,519 77,640 77,308 May -3,243 -1,052 -1,271 -2,249 -2,477 312 -2,309 1,871 1,534 76,461 79,394 79,703 77,060 75,656 77,582 74,794 76,548 76,140 76,997 78,516 Q1 JunAug -2,278 537 -12,199 -3,016 -1,041 -4,905 -4,231 5,039 4,101 225,616 230,163 238,774 233,814 233,175 230,522 227,489 231,184 234,967 239,850 74,969 Q2 SepNov -13,070 -3,318 -608 -2,866 -1,613 -709 4,869 2,350 3,151 240,745 241,142 252,993 245,088 237,754 239,592 235,582 238,401 243,244 245,026 Q3 DecFeb -7,142 -5,625 -4,592 -4,677 -6,480 -3,714 -3,698 3,351 5,214 144,584 213,765 222,724 228,151 221,127 217,390 215,707 217,782 219,359 225,327 227,661 Q4 MarMay -12,476 -7,484 -6,616 -5,695 -10,266 -3,061 -9,381 5,463 4,742 228,217 230,124 234,798 229,677 226,362 230,296 225,938 228,698 228,175 234,374 235,306 Annual -19,618 -28,458 -13,990 -23,180 -22,627 -9,429 -18,692 9,452 17,345 380,053 910,249 928,828 949,594 926,391 918,615 911,759 909,551 917,119 937,911 947,843 74,969

1/ June-May. Current year is preliminary. Previous year is preliminary through August of current year, estimated afterwards. Source: Calculated using data from U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Flour Milling Products (MQ311A) and trade data. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 14--Total all wheat food use, by component (1,000 grain-equivalent bushels) Wheat ground for Nonmilled food use Mkt year and month 1/ flour + 3/ Food imports 2/ + Food exports 2/ = Food use 4/ 70,578 2,278 2,000 1,553 73,304 2005/06 Jun 72,942 2,136 2,000 1,106 75,971 Jul 79,720 2,320 2,000 2,130 81,909 Aug 76,657 2,153 2,000 1,368 79,441 Sep 78,222 2,421 2,000 1,567 81,076 Oct 74,871 2,397 2,000 1,384 77,884 Nov 70,278 2,241 2,000 1,628 72,891 Dec 70,982 2,141 2,000 1,649 73,474 Jan 70,418 1,960 2,000 1,384 72,994 Feb 74,710 2,335 2,000 1,529 77,516 Mar 72,354 2,317 2,000 2,152 74,519 Apr 73,979 2,522 2,000 2,362 76,140 May 70,780 2,376 2,000 1,181 73,974 2006/07 Jun 74,221 2,281 2,000 1,198 77,304 Jul 81,118 2,347 2,000 1,776 83,688 Aug 78,001 1,961 2,000 1,009 80,952 Sep 79,831 2,617 2,000 1,704 82,744 Oct 76,411 2,640 2,000 1,504 79,547 Nov 71,723 2,466 2,000 1,764 74,425 Dec 72,918 2,663 2,000 1,307 76,275 Jan 72,340 2,130 2,000 1,843 74,627 Feb 76,749 2,651 2,000 1,664 79,736 Mar 75,365 2,387 2,000 2,112 77,640 Apr 77,058 2,114 2,000 4,175 76,997 May 73,725 2,262 2,000 2,376 75,611 2007/08 Jun 76,121 2,249 2,000 1,620 78,751 Jul 83,195 2,161 2,000 1,868 85,488 Aug 79,998 1,957 2,000 2,508 81,447 Sep 82,745 2,383 2,000 2,959 84,168 Oct 79,199 2,289 2,000 4,078 79,410 Nov 74,341 2,216 2,000 1,726 76,831 Dec 73,407 2,257 2,000 1,726 75,938 Jan 72,824 2,066 2,000 1,999 74,892 Feb 77,263 2,192 2,000 1,974 79,482 Mar 74,593 2,410 2,000 1,694 77,308 Apr 76,268 2,240 2,000 1,992 78,516 May 74,969 2008/09 Jun 1/ June-May. Current year is preliminary. Previous year is preliminary through August of current year, estimated afterwards. 2/ Food imports and exports used to calculate total food use. Includes all categories of wheat flour, semolina, bulgur, and couscous and selected categories of pasta. 3/ Wheat prepared for food use by processes other than milling. 4/ Estimated food use equals wheat ground for flour plus food imports plus nonmilled food use minus food exports. See http://www.ers.usda.gov/Briefing/Wheat/wheatfooduse.htm for more information. Source: Calculated using data from U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Flour Milling Products (MQ311A) and trade data. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 15--Total durum food use (1,000 grain-equivalent bushels) Mkt year 1/ 1988/89 1989/90 1990/91 1991/92 1992/93 1993/94 1994/95 1995/96 1996/97 1997/98 1998/99 1999/00 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 Jun 459 482 546 513 605 768 809 673 705 5,288 5,295 5,842 6,334 6,347 5,753 5,357 6,074 6,766 6,756 5,443 Jul 445 500 499 632 603 799 925 778 722 5,215 4,816 6,107 6,478 6,575 6,214 5,230 5,855 6,629 6,502 Aug 471 508 513 506 551 842 800 848 825 6,051 5,492 7,140 7,433 7,390 7,004 5,835 6,834 7,482 7,623 Sep 354 338 379 414 490 578 482 537 637 5,550 5,205 6,677 6,822 6,877 6,604 5,709 6,516 7,042 7,196 Oct 428 509 484 460 626 737 788 803 794 6,200 5,832 6,972 7,665 7,511 6,185 6,540 7,010 7,897 7,701 Nov 441 482 419 482 668 849 841 801 784 5,845 5,543 6,734 7,216 7,149 5,777 6,111 6,556 7,352 7,161 Dec 428 435 458 527 674 873 831 961 1,114 5,440 5,333 6,152 6,645 6,842 5,404 5,832 6,093 6,817 6,742 Jan 272 387 331 306 414 636 671 557 752 5,805 5,586 6,852 7,146 6,811 6,689 6,069 6,710 6,774 7,318 6,410 Feb 216 303 371 286 307 555 623 574 829 5,927 5,624 7,050 7,176 6,937 6,651 6,060 6,631 6,869 7,179 6,592 Mar 444 381 412 449 574 685 826 726 897 6,198 5,644 7,239 7,448 7,049 6,951 6,264 7,095 7,039 7,494 6,794 Apr 436 443 423 505 617 708 816 1,035 811 5,680 5,434 5,970 6,492 6,583 6,161 5,748 6,238 6,913 7,110 6,604 May 424 500 489 394 553 728 751 786 924 5,590 5,567 6,352 6,720 6,747 6,344 5,597 6,410 7,250 7,029 6,725 Q1 JunAug 1,375 1,490 1,557 1,651 1,759 2,410 2,535 2,298 2,252 16,555 15,603 19,089 20,245 20,311 18,971 16,422 18,764 20,878 20,881 5,443 Q2 SepNov 1,224 1,329 1,282 1,356 1,783 2,164 2,110 2,141 2,216 17,594 16,580 20,383 21,703 21,537 18,567 18,360 20,082 22,292 22,058 Q3 DecFeb 489 1,118 1,137 1,051 1,248 1,864 2,167 1,962 2,542 12,845 16,650 19,234 20,474 20,394 20,182 17,532 19,173 19,736 21,314 19,745 Q4 MarMay 1,304 1,324 1,324 1,348 1,743 2,120 2,393 2,548 2,633 17,467 16,645 19,561 20,660 20,378 19,456 17,609 19,743 21,203 21,633 20,122 Annual 1,793 5,041 5,279 5,238 5,998 7,526 9,134 9,155 9,615 34,780 67,445 70,978 80,607 82,719 81,486 72,679 73,698 79,785 86,116 82,806 5,443

1/ June-May. Current year is preliminary. Previous year is preliminary through August of current year, estimated afterwards. Source: Calculated using data from U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Flour Milling Products (MQ311A) and trade data. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 16--Total durum food use, by component (1,000 grain-equivalent bushels) Durum wheat ground for semolina and durum flour + 5,154 5,078 5,929 5,773 6,100 5,677 5,227 5,971 6,131 6,148 5,945 6,172 5,733 5,626 6,569 6,395 6,786 6,315 5,814 6,191 6,357 6,374 6,054 6,285 5,839 5,731 6,692 6,515 6,845 6,370 5,864 5,765 5,920 5,936 5,644 5,860

Mkt year and month 1/ Durum food imports 2/ Durum food exports 3/ = Durum food use 4/ 1,244 323 6,074 2005/06 Jun 1,181 404 5,855 Jul 1,269 364 6,834 Aug 1,123 380 6,516 Sep 1,333 424 7,010 Oct 1,320 442 6,556 Nov 1,265 398 6,093 Dec 1,208 405 6,774 Jan 1,092 354 6,869 Feb 1,334 442 7,039 Mar 1,308 340 6,913 Apr 1,365 287 7,250 May 1,312 279 6,766 2006/07 Jun 1,278 275 6,629 Jul 1,290 377 7,482 Aug 1,016 369 7,042 Sep 1,428 317 7,897 Oct 1,404 367 7,352 Nov 1,332 329 6,817 Dec 1,503 376 7,318 Jan 1,166 343 7,179 Feb 1,556 436 7,494 Mar 1,423 367 7,110 Apr 1,246 502 7,029 May 1,250 332 6,756 2007/08 Jun 1,238 467 6,502 Jul 1,326 395 7,623 Aug 1,151 470 7,196 Sep 1,428 571 7,701 Oct 1,402 611 7,161 Nov 1,384 506 6,742 Dec 1,371 726 6,410 Jan 1,243 570 6,592 Feb 1,372 514 6,794 Mar 1,475 515 6,604 Apr 1,344 479 6,725 May 5,443 2008/09 Jun 1/ June-May. Current year is preliminary. Previous year is preliminary through August of current year, estimated afterwards. 2/ Food products used to calculate durum food imports. Includes semolina, durum wheat flour, 80 percent of selected nonegg pastas, and couscous. 3/ Food products used to calculate durum food exports. Includes semolina, durum wheat flour, 100 percent of selected nonegg pastas, and couscous. 4/ Estimated durum food use equals durum ground for semolina plus durum food imports minus durum food exports. See http://www.ers.usda.gov/Briefing/Wheat/wheatfooduse.htm for more information. Source: Calculated using data from U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Flour Milling Products (MQ311A) and trade data. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 17--Wheat: Government and private stocks (million bushels) Mkt year and qtr 1/ Beginning stocks Total CCC inventory 2/ Outstanding CCC loans 3/ Unencumbered stocks 4/ 1998/99 Q1 Jun-Aug 722.5 94.2 133.9 494.4 Q2 Sep-Nov 2,385.3 99.8 236.4 2,049.1 Q3 Dec-Feb 1,895.7 126.6 246.1 1,523.0 Q4 Mar-May 1,450.4 124.2 242.2 1,084.0 1999/00 Q1 Jun-Aug 945.9 127.9 140.0 678.0 Q2 Sep-Nov 2,445.0 132.2 101.4 2,211.4 Q3 Dec-Feb 1,883.7 115.0 117.4 1,651.3 Q4 Mar-May 1,416.5 108.7 105.0 1,202.8 2000/01 Q1 Jun-Aug 949.7 103.9 62.0 783.8 Q2 Sep-Nov 2,352.7 108.9 117.6 2,126.2 Q3 Dec-Feb 1,806.1 102.9 97.4 1,605.8 Q4 Mar-May 1,338.4 104.4 77.9 1,156.1 2001/02 Q1 Jun-Aug 876.2 96.9 42.2 737.1 Q2 Sep-Nov 2,155.8 97.7 109.8 1,948.3 Q3 Dec-Feb 1,623.5 96.9 128.6 1,398.0 Q4 Mar-May 1,209.8 96.5 125.3 988.0 2002/03 Q1 Jun-Aug 777.1 99.0 77.5 600.6 Q2 Sep-Nov 1,749.0 91.4 59.7 1,597.9 Q3 Dec-Feb 1,319.9 80.9 62.7 1,176.3 Q4 Mar-May 906.6 74.1 64.5 768.0 2003/04 Q1 Jun-Aug 491.4 66.4 55.2 369.8 Q2 Sep-Nov 2,039.0 60.3 110.2 1,868.5 Q3 Dec-Feb 1,520.3 60.4 125.1 1,334.8 Q4 Mar-May 1,020.6 60.0 89.4 871.2 2004/05 Q1 Jun-Aug 546.4 60.9 36.6 448.9 Q2 Sep-Nov 1,938.4 61.9 85.9 1,790.6 Q3 Dec-Feb 1,430.3 61.7 117.9 1,250.7 Q4 Mar-May 984.4 55.9 99.8 828.7 2005/06 Q1 Jun-Aug 540.1 54.5 58.2 427.4 Q2 Sep-Nov 1,923.3 48.3 90.4 1,784.6 Q3 Dec-Feb 1,429.4 44.1 120.0 1,265.3 1/ June-May. Latest data may be preliminary or projected. 2/ Stocks owned by USDA's Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC). Most CCC-owned inventory is in the Bill Emerson Humanitarian Trust. 3/ Stocks under 9-month nonrecourse loans. 4/ Total stocks minus CCC-owned inventory and outstanding CCC loans. Source: USDA, Farm Service Agency, CCC Inventory; and USDA, World Agricultural Outlook Board, World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 18--Wheat: Average price received by farmers, United States (dollars per bushel) Class and mkt Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec yr 1/ All 2003/04 3.08 2.95 3.35 3.39 3.44 3.61 3.68 wheat 2004/05 3.55 3.37 3.27 3.36 3.43 3.46 3.40 2005/06 3.23 3.20 3.24 3.36 3.43 3.45 3.53 2006/07 3.98 3.88 3.91 4.06 4.59 4.59 4.52 2007/08 5.03 5.17 5.64 6.76 7.65 7.39 7.71 2008/09 7.62 7.29 -----Hard red winter 3/ 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2.88 3.46 3.12 4.27 5.10 7.91 3.46 3.83 3.51 4.23 5.18 10.10 3.07 3.41 3.27 3.32 4.77 6.07 3.24 3.81 3.45 3.40 5.51 7.87 3.99 4.35 3.67 3.81 5.49 8.41 2.82 3.34 3.13 4.43 5.20 -3.31 3.54 3.45 4.47 5.44 -3.02 3.24 3.19 3.25 4.91 -3.20 3.46 3.36 3.55 5.13 -3.85 4.09 3.72 3.83 6.69 10.80 3.25 3.11 3.18 4.28 5.65 -3.43 3.36 3.46 4.17 5.53 -3.28 3.04 3.10 3.10 5.61 -3.42 3.52 3.11 3.54 5.69 -3.78 3.86 3.35 4.09 7.00 -3.23 3.21 3.36 4.43 6.85 -3.42 3.48 3.55 4.16 6.22 -3.34 2.96 2.95 3.22 6.51 -3.45 3.51 3.07 3.78 7.08 -3.95 3.89 3.38 4.07 8.98 -3.36 3.25 3.46 4.86 7.37 -3.54 3.50 3.67 4.52 6.92 -3.27 2.96 2.99 3.85 6.89 -3.42 3.52 3.14 4.30 8.18 -3.89 3.87 3.39 4.55 11.70 -3.56 3.37 3.41 4.83 7.21 -3.70 3.57 3.77 4.49 6.97 -3.61 2.93 2.81 4.26 6.39 -3.54 3.54 3.10 4.37 7.77 -3.95 3.79 3.28 4.62 11.70 -3.64 3.32 3.56 4.67 7.68 -3.73 3.48 3.72 4.49 7.46 -3.77 2.94 3.02 4.26 7.03 -3.53 3.51 3.06 4.33 7.83 -3.95 3.67 3.37 4.74 11.50 --

Jan 3.68 3.43 3.52 4.53 7.96 -3.66 3.24 3.55 4.73 7.56 -3.68 3.62 3.74 4.54 7.98 -3.69 3.12 3.24 4.05 6.93 -3.63 3.49 3.07 4.34 8.38 -3.96 3.64 3.29 4.71 13.10 --

Feb 3.77 3.36 3.66 4.71 10.10 -3.64 3.25 3.77 4.71 9.02 -3.85 3.49 3.89 4.73 11.20 -3.70 3.13 3.32 4.09 8.65 -3.73 3.47 3.12 4.75 10.10 -4.08 3.72 3.34 5.16 14.10 --

Mar 3.83 3.42 3.79 4.75 10.50 -3.74 3.29 4.04 4.66 9.93 -3.91 3.52 3.90 4.74 11.00 -3.80 3.32 3.41 3.94 9.70 -3.81 3.50 3.18 5.04 10.20 -4.14 3.70 3.39 5.32 15.40 --

Apr 3.88 3.35 3.81 4.89 10.10 -3.76 3.18 3.97 4.82 9.58 -3.94 3.38 3.99 4.85 10.50 -3.84 3.16 3.29 4.04 7.88 -3.89 3.51 3.16 5.27 10.30 -4.19 3.63 3.41 5.46 14.30 --

May Wt avg 2/ 3.82 -3.31 3.40 4.09 3.42 4.88 4.26 8.87 6.48 -- 6.50-8.00 3.67 3.17 4.40 4.69 8.03 -4.02 3.37 4.28 4.97 10.80 -3.81 3.09 3.56 4.31 6.35 -3.93 3.50 3.23 5.20 10.00 -4.21 3.67 3.94 5.39 13.50 -3.23 3.29 3.38 4.53 6.15 -3.63 3.51 3.70 4.48 7.16 -3.17 3.21 3.19 3.38 5.20 -3.54 3.52 3.13 4.14 7.23 -3.97 3.85 3.46 4.43 9.75 --

Hard red spring 4/

Soft red winter 5/

White 6/

Durum 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09

1/ June-May. Latest data may be preliminary or projected. 2/ Weighted average is the U.S. season-average price based on monthly prices weighted by monthly marketings. Prices do not include an allowance for loans outstanding and government purchases. For hard red winter, hard red spring, soft red winter, and white, simple average of monthly prices prior to 2002/03. Latest data for all wheat are from World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates. 3/ Prior to 1998/99, data were simple averages calculated by ERS for the all wheat prices in Kansas, Nebraska, Texas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas (major producers of hard red winter wheat). Subsequent data are national average prices for hard red winter wheat. 4/ Prior to 1998/99, referred to as other spring wheat. 5/ Prior to 1981/82, data were simple averages calculated by ERS for the all wheat prices in Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Missouri (major producers of soft red winter wheat). Subsequent data are national average prices for soft red winter wheat. 6/ Prior to 1981/82, data were simple averages calculated by ERS for the all wheat prices in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho (major producers of white wheat). Subsequent data are national average prices for white wheat. Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Agricultural Prices; and USDA, World Agricultural Outlook Board, World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 19--Wheat: Cash prices at principal markets (dollars per bushel) Price and mkt year 1/ No. 1 hard red winter (ordinary protein), Kansas City, MO 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2007/08 Jun 3.87 5.25 6.22 9.19 4.00 5.43 6.32 10.82 4.32 5.43 6.19 11.35 5.03 5.59 6.19 11.46 3.09 3.26 5.25 7.20 3.46 3.40 5.19 6.20 3.16 3.10 5.14 7.39 3.76 3.80 6.06 7.97 7.40 Jul 3.83 5.27 6.28 8.68 3.89 5.38 6.56 8.97 4.11 5.52 5.55 11.35 4.71 5.65 6.60 11.46 3.22 3.43 5.52 6.87 3.30 3.40 5.61 5.92 3.21 3.11 5.79 6.59 3.59 3.86 6.36 7.93 8.50 Aug 3.96 5.00 6.84 -4.04 5.15 7.04 -4.48 4.85 6.79 -4.83 4.94 6.88 -3.04 3.20 6.24 -3.10 3.32 6.14 -3.04 2.85 6.73 -3.54 3.97 6.91 --Sep 4.30 5.16 8.52 -4.30 5.19 8.79 -4.46 4.85 --4.80 4.86 8.20 -2.93 3.39 7.98 -2.64 3.75 7.99 -2.99 3.15 8.47 -3.46 4.27 8.88 -11.25 Oct 4.57 5.62 8.89 -4.68 5.55 9.22 -4.83 5.35 9.24 -5.11 5.36 9.27 -2.99 4.40 7.89 -2.78 3.75 --3.09 4.25 8.38 -3.61 4.97 9.94 -15.00 Nov 4.53 5.61 8.62 -4.55 5.63 9.08 -4.83 5.57 9.43 -5.11 5.55 9.39 -2.83 4.35 7.57 -3.14 4.68 7.70 -2.90 4.39 7.78 -3.46 4.96 10.05 --Dec 4.52 5.49 9.80 -4.60 5.55 10.39 -4.64 5.43 10.86 -5.28 5.44 11.06 -2.98 4.49 8.69 -3.15 4.78 8.58 -3.00 4.46 9.00 -3.44 4.94 12.39 --Jan 4.46 5.29 9.97 -4.50 5.29 10.94 -4.65 5.26 12.34 -4.87 5.27 12.59 -3.11 4.19 8.55 -3.15 4.36 8.50 -3.14 4.19 9.07 -3.46 4.96 14.33 --Feb 4.72 5.39 12.28 -4.83 5.44 15.12 -4.61 5.34 18.55 -4.90 5.40 19.00 -3.34 4.20 10.12 -3.37 4.34 9.72 -3.39 4.18 10.48 -3.54 5.29 12.46 -23.25 Mar 4.62 5.40 12.29 -4.81 5.52 14.10 -4.65 5.53 14.68 -4.83 5.55 15.60 -3.29 4.07 10.40 -3.45 4.15 9.11 -3.27 4.07 10.58 -3.59 5.67 12.00 --Apr 4.86 5.52 10.29 -5.04 5.61 11.36 -4.79 5.67 13.11 -4.94 5.65 12.93 -3.21 4.25 7.72 -3.45 4.15 7.21 -3.13 4.14 8.32 -3.62 5.97 10.26 --May Avg 2/ 5.21 4.45 5.54 5.38 9.33 9.11 -8.93 5.38 5.57 10.40 -5.19 5.65 11.52 -5.31 5.64 12.06 -3.54 4.50 6.59 -3.45 5.19 5.97 -3.42 4.31 7.02 -3.79 5.78 ---4.55 5.44 9.94 9.90 4.63 5.37 10.75 11.35 4.98 5.41 10.81 11.46 3.13 3.98 7.71 7.04 3.20 4.11 7.43 6.06 3.14 3.85 8.06 6.99 3.57 4.87 9.97 7.95 13.08

No. 1 hard red winter (13% protein), Kansas City, MO

No. 1 dark northern spring (13% protein), Minneapolis, MN

No. 1 dark northern spring (14% protein), Minneapolis, MN

No. 2 soft red winter, Chicago, IL

No. 2 soft red winter, St. Louis, MO

No. 2 soft red winter, Toledo, OH

No. 1 soft white, Portland, OR

No. 1 hard amber durum, Minneapolis, MN

1/ June-May. 2/ Simple average of monthly prices for the marketing year. Source: USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service, Grain and Feed Market News. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 20--U.S. and foreign wheat prices (dollars per metric ton) Price and mkt year 1/ All wheat, U.S. 2004/05 season average 2005/06 price 3/ 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 No. 1 hard red winter (ordinary protein), Kansas City, MO No. 2 hard red winter (ordinary protein), Gulf ports, LA 4/ 5/ No. 2 soft red winter, Gulf ports, LA 4/ 5/ No. 1 dark northern spring (14% protein), Rotterdam 6/ 7/ No. 2 wheat, Argentina 5/ 8/ 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 Jun 130 119 146 185 280 142 193 229 338 142 197 226 347 134 139 205 232 237 291 136 184 226 197 220 261 172 223 250 Jul 124 118 143 190 268 141 194 231 319 146 204 241 330 132 145 226 219 257 319 145 182 236 197 230 282 172 224 272 Aug 120 119 144 207 -146 184 251 -154 194 264 -130 146 254 211 244 353 142 178 249 183 210 299 178 216 298 Sep 123 123 149 248 -158 190 313 -167 201 338 -130 165 323 222 245 -134 182 266 199 211 368 188 222 354 Oct 126 126 169 281 -168 207 327 -173 215 345 -129 198 326 235 259 -136 200 274 205 230 389 192 233 -Nov 127 127 169 272 -166 206 317 -165 213 329 -134 192 308 231 260 -137 205 293 204 228 391 187 235 -Dec 125 130 166 283 -166 202 360 -171 210 374 -137 191 345 219 260 -131 201 295 205 242 481 188 232 -Jan 126 129 166 292 -164 194 366 -168 203 374 -143 176 344 221 253 -137 192 314 213 233 519 190 226 -Feb 123 134 173 371 -173 198 451 -180 203 436 -149 176 389 224 256 -142 181 345 217 237 740 201 236 -Mar 126 139 175 386 -170 198 452 -176 206 450 -143 168 416 219 263 -139 188 -205 236 -198 237 -Apr 123 140 180 371 -179 203 378 -182 207 371 -141 175 -219 271 -142 205 -207 242 -205 242 -May Avg 2/ 122 125 150 126 179 157 326 238 -- 239-294 191 204 343 -195 199 331 -150 181 -231 274 -163 210 -218 240 -219 230 -164 198 335 328 168 204 340 338 138 171 314 224 257 321 140 192 278 204 230 414 191 230 294

No. 1 Canadian western red spring, Canada 5/ 7/9/ Australian soft white, Australia 5/ 7/

1/ June-May. 2/ Simple average of monthly prices for the marketing year, except for U.S. season average price. 3/ Weighted average is the U.S. season-average price based on monthly prices weighted by monthly marketings. Prices do not include an allowance for loans outstanding and government purchases Latest data are from World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates. 4/ Barge delivered to Louisiana gulf. 5/ Free on board (f.o.b.). 6/ Cost, freight, and insurance (c.i.f.). 7/ Source is International Grains Council, Grain Market Report. 8/ Port, f.o.b. Source is Republica Argentina, Secretaria de Agricultura, Ganaderia, Pesca y Alimentos (SAGPyA). 9/ St. Lawrence, f.o.b. Source: USDA, World Agricultural Outlook Board, World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates; USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Agricultural Prices; USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service, Grain and Feed Market News; International Grains Council, Grain Market Report; and Government of Argentina. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 21--U.S. all wheat exports: Grain, flour, and products (1,000 bushels) Export and mkt yr 1/ All wheat 2003/04 grain 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 All wheat 2003/04 flour 2/ 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 All wheat 2003/04 products 2004/05 3/ 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 Total all 2003/04 wheat 4/ 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 Jun 53,633 81,609 64,461 63,295 73,866 903 776 933 713 1,468 376 478 660 612 920 54,913 82,863 66,054 64,619 76,254 Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov 90,165 113,710 125,306 99,259 76,222 96,283 104,271 119,703 91,911 83,959 90,761 84,301 102,257 99,658 79,776 67,847 78,225 76,583 70,598 60,793 81,584 161,382 164,555 140,521 106,763 1,047 1,303 692 490 1,195 417 825 422 969 449 3,451 823 870 737 1,320 1,241 443 1,293 1,063 554 1,085 714 801 616 1,158 545 677 793 398 1,363 759 834 941 563 1,758 527 490 627 1,152 1,209 1,330 1,076 732 753 2,515 415 532 675 766 1,574 Dec Jan 80,781 110,029 81,589 77,733 95,805 83,317 72,226 83,160 82,009 87,539 1,636 1,376 769 756 1,033 929 854 942 1,009 721 1,896 884 595 777 1,224 1,347 760 1,101 539 518 Feb 92,809 75,755 68,095 74,651 84,414 1,231 645 496 904 1,544 782 722 960 939 470 94,822 77,121 69,551 76,494 86,428 Mar Apr 96,424 102,572 76,612 81,885 73,318 68,140 76,514 76,008 92,251 82,781 1,059 772 946 941 1,328 802 530 692 749 674 776 836 1,197 1,428 1,114 525 1,089 1,022 687 605 May 92,034 75,668 72,213 86,824 79,725 1,316 815 988 2,734 1,126 983 679 1,535 1,457 866 94,333 77,162 74,735 91,015 81,717 Q1 JunAug 257,509 282,162 239,523 209,367 316,832 5,401 2,902 2,495 1,940 3,984 2,034 1,747 2,375 2,644 1,923 264,944 286,811 244,393 213,951 322,739 Q2 SepNov 300,787 295,573 281,691 207,975 411,839 3,175 2,624 2,474 1,932 5,432 1,487 1,699 2,094 2,316 4,146 305,449 299,896 286,259 212,223 421,416 Q3 DecFeb 283,619 235,077 247,217 230,038 253,962 4,763 2,904 1,859 2,437 3,801 3,058 2,336 3,003 2,486 1,709 291,440 240,317 252,080 234,961 259,472 Q4 MarMay Annual 291,029 1,132,944 234,165 1,046,977 213,670 982,101 239,346 886,726 254,757 1,237,390 3,151 2,424 3,131 5,103 3,568 2,311 2,298 3,249 2,893 2,145 16,490 10,854 9,959 11,412 16,784 8,890 8,079 10,721 10,340 9,924

91,629 118,402 126,936 100,545 77,967 98,411 105,537 121,095 93,235 85,566 91,875 86,465 103,850 101,226 81,183 69,307 80,025 77,598 72,314 62,312 83,229 163,257 167,076 143,488 110,852

83,346 113,272 83,819 79,378 97,516 85,013 73,991 84,476 83,762 89,282

98,285 103,873 77,914 83,810 74,956 70,359 78,204 78,123 94,252 84,501

296,491 1,158,324 238,886 1,065,910 220,050 1,002,781 247,342 908,477 260,471 1,264,098

1/ June-May. 2/ Expressed in grain-equivalent bushels. Includes meal, groats, and durum. 3/ Expressed in grain-equivalent bushels. Includes bulgur, couscous, and selected categories of pasta. 4/ Totals may not add due to rounding. Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; and ERS calculations using Census trade data. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 22--U.S. durum wheat exports: Grain, flour, and products (1,000 bushels) Export and mkt yr 1/ Durum 2003/04 grain 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 Durum 2003/04 semolina 2004/05 and flour 2005/06 2/ 2006/07 2007/08 Durum 2003/04 pasta and 2004/05 couscous 2005/06 3/ 2006/07 2007/08 Durum total 4/ 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 Jun 2,923 2,731 2,887 2,317 3,063 11 65 14 72 80 196 304 309 207 252 3,130 3,101 3,210 2,596 3,395 Jul 2,313 1,215 4,455 2,416 5,266 26 52 115 47 211 207 232 289 228 256 2,546 1,499 4,859 2,690 5,733 Aug 4,215 1,354 4,729 5,990 10,564 18 73 33 91 153 213 278 332 286 242 4,446 1,705 5,093 6,366 10,959 Sep 7,534 2,555 2,124 3,356 8,027 31 49 53 124 166 258 280 327 245 304 7,823 2,884 2,505 3,726 8,497 Oct 3,777 2,153 2,417 4,705 12,072 43 37 85 56 225 270 291 339 261 346 4,090 2,481 2,841 5,022 12,644 Nov 3,834 2,905 2,506 2,349 16,613 68 42 124 109 290 240 348 317 258 321 4,142 3,295 2,947 2,715 17,224 Dec 3,813 1,642 4,693 3,928 4,751 46 67 91 88 171 260 306 307 241 335 4,119 2,015 5,091 4,257 5,256 Jan 1,690 2,739 2,089 2,331 2,496 15 42 82 105 356 238 306 323 270 370 1,942 3,087 2,494 2,707 3,222 Feb 2,636 1,359 1,574 1,530 2,282 37 94 69 84 248 258 284 285 260 322 2,931 1,737 1,928 1,873 2,852 Mar 4,009 4,749 2,418 2,874 1,413 45 15 106 98 224 239 294 336 338 290 4,292 5,058 2,860 3,310 1,927 Apr 3,197 1,541 5,173 1,681 2,027 24 26 82 91 171 181 269 257 275 344 3,402 1,837 5,513 2,047 2,542 May 3,078 1,953 5,684 1,735 1,617 91 69 72 219 142 263 294 215 284 337 3,432 2,316 5,971 2,237 2,096 Q1 Jun- Q2 Sep- Q3 Dec- Q4 MarAug Nov Feb May 9,451 15,146 8,139 10,285 5,300 7,613 5,739 8,243 12,070 7,047 8,356 13,274 10,722 10,410 7,789 6,289 18,893 36,712 9,528 5,057 55 189 162 210 445 616 815 930 721 750 10,122 6,305 13,162 11,653 20,087 141 128 262 289 681 768 918 983 764 971 16,055 8,659 8,293 11,463 38,364 98 203 242 277 775 756 896 915 771 1,027 8,992 6,838 9,513 8,837 11,330 159 110 260 408 538 683 857 809 897 970 11,126 9,210 14,343 7,594 6,565 Annual 43,020 26,895 40,748 35,210 70,191 453 631 926 1,184 2,438 2,823 3,486 3,637 3,153 3,718 46,295 31,013 45,311 39,547 76,347

See data discrepancies. 1/ June-May. 2/ Expressed in grain-equivalent bushels. 3/ Expressed in grain-equivalent bushels. Includes 100 percent of selected nonegg pastas. 4/ Totals may not add due to rounding. Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; and ERS calculations using Census trade data. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 23--U.S. all wheat imports: Grain, flour, and products (1,000 bushels) Import and mkt yr 1/ All wheat 2003/04 grain 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 All wheat 2003/04 flour 2/ 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 All wheat 2003/04 products 2004/05 3/ 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 Total all 2003/04 wheat 4/ 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 Jun 1,060 2,632 3,347 6,352 9,316 896 898 889 1,030 974 1,165 1,208 1,392 1,351 1,294 3,121 4,739 5,629 8,733 11,583 Jul 1,152 3,217 2,625 6,758 8,692 894 952 841 944 847 1,401 1,198 1,298 1,343 1,412 3,447 5,368 4,763 9,045 10,951 Aug 6,969 5,182 5,856 6,339 5,683 920 936 994 991 800 1,245 1,191 1,333 1,367 1,370 9,135 7,309 8,183 8,697 7,853 Sep 6,201 5,711 5,996 7,736 5,059 1,001 948 934 963 859 1,023 1,138 1,224 1,220 1,115 8,225 7,797 8,155 9,919 7,034 Oct 3,690 3,712 3,998 7,926 4,703 1,000 990 982 1,194 969 1,236 1,137 1,439 1,430 1,425 5,927 5,839 6,419 10,550 7,097 Nov 1,488 2,837 3,365 6,334 5,062 1,010 987 941 1,099 842 1,166 1,222 1,458 1,554 1,452 3,664 5,047 5,765 8,987 7,355 Dec 1,795 3,141 4,674 8,458 4,635 937 1,017 856 1,042 812 1,327 1,363 1,394 1,436 1,419 4,059 5,522 6,923 10,936 6,867 Jan 2,142 4,232 3,909 7,733 6,258 964 853 908 1,035 804 1,156 1,296 1,234 1,633 1,462 4,263 6,381 6,052 10,401 8,524 Feb 2,442 4,005 5,161 7,611 6,301 910 827 814 881 833 1,057 1,040 1,148 1,255 1,240 4,408 5,871 7,123 9,748 8,374 Mar 3,544 3,267 5,683 9,111 10,220 1,045 978 992 954 898 1,283 1,454 1,351 1,706 1,307 5,873 5,698 8,026 11,771 12,426 Apr 3,265 3,476 3,834 9,926 9,180 887 882 979 855 1,041 1,217 1,311 1,345 1,538 1,386 5,370 5,670 6,157 12,319 11,607 May 3,468 3,086 5,624 8,644 10,699 897 878 1,129 865 1,020 1,060 1,367 1,407 1,255 1,232 5,425 5,330 8,160 10,764 12,951 Q1 Jun- Q2 Sep- Q3 Dec- Q4 MarAug Nov Feb May 9,182 11,378 6,379 10,278 11,032 12,260 11,378 9,829 11,828 13,359 13,744 15,142 19,449 21,996 23,802 27,681 23,691 14,824 17,195 30,099 2,710 2,787 2,724 2,966 2,620 3,811 3,597 4,024 4,061 4,076 15,702 17,416 18,576 26,475 30,388 3,012 2,925 2,857 3,256 2,670 3,426 3,498 4,122 4,204 3,992 17,816 18,683 20,338 29,456 21,486 2,811 2,697 2,578 2,958 2,449 3,541 3,699 3,776 4,324 4,120 12,730 17,774 20,098 31,085 23,765 2,830 2,738 3,099 2,674 2,959 3,559 4,131 4,102 4,499 3,926 Annual 37,217 44,499 54,073 92,928 85,809 11,363 11,146 11,258 11,853 10,699 14,336 14,925 16,023 17,089 16,114

16,667 62,916 16,698 70,570 22,343 81,354 34,854 121,870 36,983 112,622

1/ June-May. 2/ Expressed in grain-equivalent bushels. Includes meal, groats, and durum. 3/ Expressed in grain-equivalent bushels. Includes bulgur, couscous, and selected categories of pasta.. 4/ Totals may not add due to rounding. Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; and ERS calculations using Census trade data. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 24--U.S. durum wheat imports: Grain, flour, and products (1,000 bushels) Import and mkt yr 1/ 2003/04 Durum grain 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2003/04 Durum semolina 2004/05 and flour 2005/06 2/ 2006/07 2007/08 2003/04 Durum pasta and 2004/05 couscous 2005/06 3/ 2006/07 2007/08 Durum total 4/ 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 Jun 319 1,160 1,540 3,016 2,542 265 257 266 305 285 832 895 978 1,007 965 1,415 2,311 2,783 4,328 3,792 Jul 254 1,691 615 2,398 3,041 248 289 237 271 194 1,018 875 945 1,007 1,044 1,520 2,855 1,796 3,677 4,279 Aug 195 1,960 1,055 2,162 2,298 261 250 321 294 301 923 855 948 995 1,026 1,379 3,066 2,324 3,451 3,624 Sep 279 1,112 895 2,260 1,318 275 291 267 285 332 728 801 856 732 819 1,281 2,204 2,019 3,276 2,469 Oct 116 990 1,090 2,185 1,360 322 289 324 366 387 901 832 1,009 1,062 1,041 1,340 2,112 2,423 3,613 2,788 Nov 122 1,036 1,256 1,720 1,429 325 267 261 295 336 851 885 1,059 1,109 1,066 1,299 2,188 2,576 3,123 2,830 Dec 457 756 1,892 1,745 1,988 230 298 247 273 336 961 984 1,017 1,059 1,048 1,648 2,038 3,157 3,077 3,371 Jan 339 1,850 1,650 2,093 2,045 320 243 298 313 294 853 933 910 1,191 1,077 1,512 3,026 2,858 3,596 3,416 Feb 613 1,684 1,930 1,856 1,786 282 241 258 239 330 786 730 834 926 912 1,682 2,654 3,021 3,021 3,028 Mar 967 735 2,137 1,824 3,389 305 331 332 296 398 943 1,017 1,002 1,260 974 2,214 2,083 3,471 3,380 4,760 Apr 1,542 961 1,392 2,667 1,425 318 277 295 284 425 891 913 1,014 1,139 1,050 2,752 2,150 2,701 4,089 2,899 May 1,422 1,059 1,714 1,612 1,762 258 257 308 312 424 769 968 1,058 934 920 2,448 2,284 3,079 2,858 3,106 Q1 Jun- Q2 Sep- Q3 Dec- Q4 MarAug Nov Feb May 768 518 1,409 3,931 4,811 3,138 4,290 2,755 3,209 3,241 5,472 5,244 7,576 6,164 5,694 6,103 7,880 4,107 5,819 6,575 774 796 824 871 780 2,773 2,625 2,871 3,010 3,035 4,315 8,232 6,903 11,456 11,695 922 848 853 946 1,055 2,480 2,518 2,925 2,902 2,926 3,920 6,503 7,018 10,012 8,087 833 782 803 825 961 2,600 2,646 2,761 3,176 3,037 4,842 7,718 9,036 9,695 9,816 881 864 934 892 1,247 2,603 2,898 3,074 3,333 2,943 7,414 6,518 9,251 10,328 10,766 Annual 6,626 14,994 17,166 25,537 24,381 3,410 3,290 3,413 3,533 4,042 10,455 10,687 11,630 12,421 11,941 20,491 28,971 32,209 41,491 40,363

1/ June-May. 2/ Expressed in grain-equivalent bushels. 3/ Expressed in grain-equivalent bushels. Includes 80 percent of selected nonegg pastas. 4/ Totals may not add due to rounding. Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; and ERS calculations using Census trade data. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 25--U.S. wheat exports by selected destinations (1,000 metric tons) Country/region 1/ Sub-Saharan Africa Japan Egypt Mexico Iraq European Union-27 Philippines South Korea China (Taiwan) Indonesia Yemen (Sana), Ends 9/1990 & United Begin Venezuela Algeria Colombia Morocco Unidentified Country Peru Brazil Guatemala Cuba Thailand Chile Bangladesh Dominican Republic Israel All other countries Total 2000/01 2,450 3,051 4,629 2,071 -1,337 1,977 1,487 1,045 800 645 574 441 623 464 305 429 53 91 -376 76 194 244 694 77,173 27,876 2001/02 2,419 2,966 3,443 2,196 -2,046 1,516 1,225 910 211 533 494 188 536 152 557 554 79 152 127 363 42 214 309 589 71,586 25,367 2002/03 2,637 3,076 1,033 2,434 57 1,239 1,524 1,202 919 298 516 508 199 729 33 289 411 686 360 81 296 168 50 255 439 64,901 22,365 2003/04 4,157 3,111 3,964 2,868 135 2,210 1,109 1,461 1,016 117 559 832 435 753 430 420 905 441 193 318 462 277 91 284 581 85,047 30,834 2004/05 4,079 3,031 1,781 2,882 393 1,036 1,787 1,311 968 147 683 715 254 744 28 902 706 62 301 379 448 10 76 335 527 80,610 28,494 2005/06 4,666 2,909 1,123 2,657 2,278 1,039 1,650 1,097 906 165 502 1,079 273 690 81 528 447 21 462 290 491 246 68 364 294 72,678 26,728 2006/07 3,296 3,142 1,982 2,262 898 634 1,648 1,196 1,006 765 711 729 138 566 432 292 139 25 640 187 486 260 56 372 152 66,419 24,133 2007/08 3,839 3,644 2,907 2,575 1,912 1,774 1,525 1,499 1,092 1,059 1,019 956 955 949 847 819 599 533 447 422 413 410 355 342 228 90,786 33,676

1/ Market year is June-May. Grain only. Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 26--U.S. wheat exports by class for selected destinations (1,000 bushels) Class and country/region 1/ All wheat Japan Nigeria Mexico Egypt Total Hard red winter Nigeria Mexico Japan Iraq Total Japan Philippines China, Taiwan Venezuela Total Egypt Mexico Nigeria Venezuela Total Mexico China, Taiwan Belgium All other countries 2/ Total Egypt Philippines Yemen Japan Total Italy Morocco Algeria Nigeria Total 1999/00 2000/01 114,213 113,754 44,444 51,588 67,782 52,285 845,534 818,356 1,071,973 1,035,983 40,326 48,035 34,375 356,976 479,712 48,198 37,106 21,389 115,116 221,809 43,238 19,241 3,388 107,624 173,289 ---1,032 1,032 23,535 30,245 15,899 90,288 159,967 9,790 2,209 14,709 9,456 36,164 45,001 24,017 39,307 281,557 389,882 45,275 23,244 24,148 133,643 226,310 45,480 28,268 5,280 97,571 176,599 ---487 487 41,550 35,261 21,369 104,832 201,609 13,800 368 9,228 17,700 41,096 2001/02 107,755 74,405 72,972 720,033 975,165 62,548 38,012 35,272 221,262 357,094 49,347 25,734 21,103 125,216 221,400 78,330 31,429 9,197 84,774 203,730 48 --871 919 6,376 27,161 19,968 96,154 149,659 25,014 213 6,904 10,232 42,363 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 110,491 115,069 115,009 60,769 82,857 94,126 78,079 84,538 84,311 584,494 851,253 734,589 833,833 1,133,717 1,028,035 51,766 46,729 36,159 168,570 303,224 47,165 31,344 21,412 155,361 255,282 22,617 25,329 4,874 50,468 103,288 ---713 713 15,150 25,512 18,773 85,054 144,489 3,103 1,199 7,295 15,240 26,837 68,915 48,797 41,038 343,569 502,319 48,255 17,393 23,051 179,030 267,729 32,196 27,839 8,718 66,818 135,571 178 450 -6,545 7,173 57,901 23,695 22,332 77,905 181,833 12,513 2,799 10,086 13,694 39,092 80,473 51,001 38,327 202,061 371,862 51,425 37,458 21,556 197,997 308,436 20,930 22,454 9,457 62,953 115,794 1,307 213 -445 1,965 34,632 27,807 25,119 116,243 203,801 7,883 -10,274 8,020 26,177 2005/06 108,840 -86,423 782,467 977,730 -54,551 30,671 330,948 416,170 54,575 35,108 19,197 167,327 276,207 4,437 15,793 -54,930 75,160 393 417 -3,158 3,968 29,880 26,183 18,646 95,261 169,970 10,492 3,079 10,770 11,569 35,910 2006/07 118,258 90,304 79,415 596,766 888,917 69,225 40,379 32,389 130,625 274,072 61,516 34,508 21,758 130,864 248,646 42,412 27,951 14,396 57,442 142,587 804 703 75 -1,585 30,089 28,185 26,063 106,394 193,062 9,863 6,838 4,532 7,687 28,920

Hard red spring

Soft red winter

Hard white

Soft white

Durum

1/ Based on inspection data. Market year is June-May. 2/ The total as reported by the Agricultural Marketing Service minus the values for the listed countries. Source: USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service, Grain and Feed Market News. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 27--U.S. wheat exports by selected government programs (1,000 metric tons) Total concessional, CCC export credit, and EEP exports divided by total exports (percent) 70 78 76 79 75 68 23 24 28 31 26 28 26 24 17 18 9 7

Fiscal year 1/ 1989/90 1990/91 1991/92 1992/93 1993/94 1994/95 1995/96 1996/97 1997/98 1998/99 1999/00 2000/01 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07

P.L. 480 2,985 3,067 2,286 2,043 2,801 1,491 1,530 1,009 1,453 556 674 1,294 1,093 1,475 1,211 1,867 969 767

Section 416 0 0 0 891 0 0 0 0 0 4,682 2,635 1,638 875 213 20 12 17 0

Food for Progress 52 92 130 1,067 726 457 0 146 274 95 126 177 67 393 397 261 205 194

AID Commodity Total Import concessional Program 2/ exports 28 3,065 0 3,159 0 2,416 -4,000 -3,527 -1,948 -1,530 -1,155 -1,727 -5,334 -3,435 -3,109 -2,035 -2,081 -1,628 -2,139 -1,191 -961

CCC export credit 3/ 7,759 8,339 13,334 8,538 5,874 4,202 5,662 4,844 5,460 3,621 3,691 4,026 4,614 3,633 3,791 2,554 1,052 1,045

Export Enhancement Total U.S. Program wheat exports (EEP) 4/ 12,806 27,999 15,150 26,688 21,111 34,287 21,806 36,078 18,157 31,126 18,073 32,088 570 33,708 0 24,526 0 25,791 0 28,909 0 27,909 0 25,275 0 25,411 0 24,295 0 31,179 0 26,505 0 25,005 0 29,413

1/ Fiscal years, October-September. Grain only. 2/ U.S. Agency for International Development. 3/ Commodity Credit Corporation Export Credit Guarantee Programs. Includes Supplier Credit Guarantee Program. 4/ Excludes exports of seed wheat for sowing. Source: USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service, Food Aid Reports. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 28--Wheat flour production Wheat ground for flour Calendar year 1/ (1,000 bushels) 1989 761,021 1990 788,186 1991 808,966 1992 833,339 1993 871,408 1994 884,707 1995 869,296 1996 878,070 1997 885,843 1998 895,369 1999 917,797 2000 944,868 2001 914,036 2002 889,414 2003 889,188 2004 876,047 2005 884,101 2006 894,527 2007 923,756 2008 447,325

Wheat flour extraction rate (percent) 75.1 74.9 74.6 74.2 74.1 73.9 74.5 75.5 76.0 74.3 74.8 74.3 73.8 74.0 74.3 74.9 74.5 75.2 75.6 75.8

Wheat flour production 2/ (1,000 cwt) 342,762 354,348 362,311 370,829 387,419 392,519 388,689 397,776 404,143 398,914 411,968 421,270 404,521 394,700 396,215 393,925 394,973 403,391 418,836 203,456

Wheat millfeed production (1,000 tons) 5,828 6,109 6,436 6,707 6,963 7,186 7,144 7,042 6,886 6,955 7,040 7,374 7,275 6,893 7,029 6,764 6,826 6,916 7,103 3,364

1/ Latest data may be preliminary. 2/ Commercial production of wheat flour, whole wheat, and durum semolina and flour. cwt = hundredweight. Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Flour Milling Products (MQ311A). Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 29--Wheat flour: Supply and disappearance Flour, semolina, pasta, bulgur, Wheat flour and couscous imports 3/ production 2/ Total supply Calendar (1,000 flouryear 1/ (1,000 cwt) equivalent cwt) (1,000 cwt) 1989 342,762 3,202 345,964 1990 354,348 3,461 357,809 1991 362,311 3,891 366,202 1992 370,829 4,832 375,661 1993 387,419 5,975 393,394 1994 392,519 8,687 401,206 1995 388,689 8,918 397,607 1996 397,776 8,575 406,351 1997 404,143 8,681 412,824 1998 398,914 9,745 408,659 1999 411,968 9,295 421,263 2000 421,270 9,666 430,936 2001 404,521 10,130 414,651 2002 394,700 11,291 405,991 2003 396,215 11,145 407,360 2004 393,925 10,726 404,651 2005 394,973 11,262 406,235 2006 403,391 11,740 415,131 2007 418,836 11,511 430,347

Flour exports (1,000 cwt) 26,332 18,341 21,630 20,194 22,726 23,801 23,615 10,651 11,038 12,413 17,499 16,005 10,507 9,226 5,768 5,152 3,747 3,412 6,707

Semolina, pasta, bulgur, and couscous Domestic U.S. population Per capita exports 3/ disappearance 4/ disappearance (1,000 flourequivalent cwt) (1,000 cwt) (1,000 persons) (pounds) 201 319,431 247,387 129.1 305 339,163 250,181 135.6 557 344,015 253,530 135.7 787 354,679 256,922 138.0 687 369,981 260,282 142.1 811 376,594 263,455 142.9 857 373,134 266,588 140.0 881 394,818 269,714 146.4 1,167 400,619 272,958 146.8 1,353 394,893 276,154 143.0 1,633 402,132 279,328 144.0 1,693 413,239 282,433 146.3 1,695 402,449 285,372 141.0 2,683 394,082 288,215 136.7 3,953 397,639 290,964 136.7 4,662 394,837 293,644 134.5 4,741 397,748 296,373 134.2 5,867 405,852 299,199 135.6 6,486 417,155 302,087 138.1

1/ Latest data may be preliminary. 2/ Commercial production of wheat flour, whole wheat, and durum semolina and flour. cwt = hundredweight. 3/ Includes selected pastas with and without eggs. Pasta, bulgur, and couscous expressed in flour-equivalent cwt. 4/ Includes Armed Forces overseas. Estimate is calendar-year average. Source: Calculated using data from U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis and Bureau of the Census, Flour Milling Products (MQ311A) and trade data. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 30--Durum flour production Durum wheat ground for semolina and durum flour (1,000 bushels) Calendar year 1/ 1990 58,366 1991 58,969 1992 67,999 1993 70,575 1994 72,141 1995 67,627 1996 70,069 1997 64,663 1998 58,395 1999 56,314 2000 69,687 2001 73,435 2002 71,622 2003 64,294 2004 60,370 2005 67,807 2006 73,605 2007 75,115 2008 34,568

Semolina and durum flour extraction rate (percent) 370.8 383.7 355.2 362.1 368.5 364.0 358.0 365.6 359.7 359.8 365.8 371.7 368.3 360.9 373.2 367.8 384.0 381.6 370.0

Semolina and durum flour production (1,000 cwt) 2/ 26,236 25,613 31,905 32,488 32,631 30,964 32,623 29,476 27,056 26,086 31,749 32,930 32,411 29,691 26,959 30,729 31,948 32,804 15,572

Durum millfeed production (1,000 tons) 439 488 445 493 533 481 471 466 399 385 503 557 528 444 463 498 611 613 258

1/ Latest data may be preliminary. 2/ Straight semolina only (semolina made entirely from durum). cwt = hundredweight. Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Flour Milling Products (MQ20A). Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 31--Durum flour: Supply and disappearance Semolina, durum flour, pasta, and Semolina and Semolina and Durum pasta couscous durum flour durum flour and couscous Domestic U.S. population Per capita imports 3/ production 2/ exports exports 3/ disappearance 4/ disappearance Total supply Calendar (1,000 flour(1,000 flouryear 1/ (1,000 cwt) equivalent cwt) (1,000 cwt) (1,000 cwt) equivalent cwt) (1,000 cwt) (1,000 persons) (pounds) 1989 2,169 2,169 25 99 2,046 247,387 .8 1990 26,236 2,444 28,680 39 179 28,461 250,181 11.4 1991 25,613 2,693 28,306 129 295 27,882 253,530 11.0 1992 31,905 2,986 34,891 188 451 34,252 256,922 13.3 1993 32,488 3,390 35,878 155 404 35,318 260,282 13.6 1994 32,631 4,330 36,961 105 552 36,304 263,455 13.8 1995 30,964 4,562 35,526 156 563 34,807 266,588 13.1 1996 32,623 4,557 37,180 174 569 36,436 269,714 13.5 1997 29,476 5,163 34,639 152 893 33,594 272,958 12.3 1998 27,056 5,539 32,595 138 1,037 31,421 276,154 11.4 1999 26,086 5,149 31,235 187 1,196 29,851 279,328 10.7 2000 31,749 5,286 37,035 268 1,110 35,656 282,433 12.6 2001 32,930 5,620 38,550 233 1,228 37,089 285,372 13.0 2002 32,411 5,922 38,333 174 1,186 36,973 288,215 12.8 2003 29,691 5,904 35,595 148 1,145 34,302 290,964 11.8 2004 26,959 5,585 32,544 207 1,365 30,972 293,644 10.5 2005 30,729 5,962 36,691 265 1,555 34,871 296,373 11.8 2006 31,948 6,250 38,198 347 1,334 36,517 299,199 12.2 2007 32,804 6,551 39,355 659 1,478 37,217 302,087 12.3 1/ Latest data may be preliminary. 2/ Straight semolina only (semolina made entirely from durum). cwt = hundredweight. 3/ Imports include 80 percent of selected nonegg pastas, and exports include 100 percent of selected nonegg pastas. Pasta and couscous expressed in flour-equivalent cwt. 4/ Includes Armed Forces overseas. Estimate is calendar-year average. Source: Calculated using data from U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis and Bureau of the Census, Flour Milling Products (MQ311A) and trade data. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 32--Wheat and flour price relationships, Kansas City (dollars per cwt) Cost of wheat to Wholesale price of Wholesale price of Total wholesale price produce flour 2/ bakery flour 3/ byproducts 4/ Total wholesale price less cost of wheat Mkt year and qtr 1/ 2003/04 8.68 10.20 1.03 11.23 2.55 Q1 Jun-Aug 8.85 10.15 1.39 11.54 2.69 Q2 Sep-Nov 9.98 10.78 1.60 12.39 2.41 Q3 Dec-Feb 10.21 11.20 1.43 12.63 2.43 Q4 Mar-May 9.43 10.58 1.36 11.95 2.52 MY Jun-May 2004/05 9.29 10.67 1.12 11.78 2.49 Q1 Jun-Aug 9.59 11.08 .98 12.07 2.48 Q2 Sep-Nov 9.48 11.12 .95 12.07 2.59 Q3 Dec-Feb 8.97 10.65 .77 11.42 2.45 Q4 Mar-May 9.33 10.88 .95 11.83 2.50 MY Jun-May 2005/06 9.07 10.80 .66 11.46 2.39 Q1 Jun-Aug 10.28 12.10 1.00 13.10 2.82 Q2 Sep-Nov 10.59 11.25 1.40 12.65 2.07 Q3 Dec-Feb 11.57 12.75 1.07 13.82 2.25 Q4 Mar-May 10.38 11.73 1.03 12.76 2.38 MY Jun-May 2006/07 12.13 13.13 1.17 14.30 2.18 Q1 Jun-Aug 12.44 13.38 1.47 14.85 2.41 Q2 Sep-Nov 12.37 12.80 2.32 15.12 2.75 Q3 Dec-Feb 12.69 13.78 1.33 15.11 2.42 Q4 Mar-May 12.41 13.28 1.57 14.85 2.44 MY Jun-May 2007/08 15.14 16.32 .88 17.20 2.06 Q1 Jun-Aug 20.59 20.27 1.94 22.20 1.62 Q2 Sep-Nov 27.70 27.12 2.74 29.86 2.16 Q3 Dec-Feb 27.25 27.60 2.45 30.05 2.79 Q4 Mar-May 22.67 22.82 2.00 24.83 2.16 MY Jun-May 1/ June-May. Latest data may be preliminary. 2/ No. 1 hard red winter, 13-percent protein. Cost of 2.28 bushels based on a 73-percent extraction rate. cwt = hundredweight. 3/ Quoted as mid-month bakers' standard patent, bulk basis. 4/ Assumes 50-50 millfeed distribution between bran and shorts or middlings, bulk basis. Source: USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service, Monthly Feedstuffs Prices; Milling and Baking News, Market Fax; and ERS estimates. Date run: 8/21/2008

Table 33--Wheat and flour price relationships, Minneapolis (dollars per cwt) Cost of wheat to Wholesale price of Wholesale price of Total wholesale price produce flour 2/ bakery flour 3/ byproducts 4/ Total wholesale price less cost of wheat Mkt year and qtr 1/ 2003/04 Q1 Jun-Aug 9.33 10.33 .96 11.29 1.96 Q2 Sep-Nov 9.67 10.15 1.15 11.30 1.62 Q3 Dec-Feb 10.27 11.03 1.20 12.23 1.97 Q4 Mar-May 10.65 11.17 1.29 12.46 1.81 MY Jun-May 9.98 10.67 1.15 11.82 1.84 2004/05 Q1 Jun-Aug 9.87 10.48 1.19 11.67 1.80 Q2 Sep-Nov 11.16 11.50 1.05 12.55 1.38 Q3 Dec-Feb 10.69 11.88 .84 12.72 2.03 Q4 Mar-May 10.77 11.38 .68 12.06 1.29 MY Jun-May 10.62 11.31 .94 12.25 1.62 2005/06 Q1 Jun-Aug 11.07 11.58 .88 12.46 1.39 Q2 Sep-Nov 11.42 12.70 .85 13.55 2.13 Q3 Dec-Feb 11.44 12.20 1.01 13.21 1.77 Q4 Mar-May 11.46 12.53 .99 13.53 2.07 MY Jun-May 11.35 12.25 .93 13.19 1.84 2006/07 Q1 Jun-Aug 12.30 13.03 1.10 14.14 1.84 Q2 Sep-Nov 11.99 12.52 1.40 13.92 1.93 Q3 Dec-Feb 12.24 12.70 2.11 14.81 2.56 Q4 Mar-May 12.80 13.42 1.37 14.78 1.99 MY Jun-May 12.33 12.92 1.49 14.41 2.08 2007/08 Q1 Jun-Aug 14.95 15.60 1.21 16.81 1.86 Q2 Sep-Nov 20.41 19.97 1.94 21.91 1.49 Q3 Dec-Feb 32.41 32.82 2.47 35.29 2.88 Q4 Mar-May 30.85 31.38 2.50 33.89 3.04 MY Jun-May 24.66 24.94 2.03 26.97 2.32 1/ June-May. Latest data may be preliminary. 2/ No. 1 dark northern spring, 14-percent protein. Cost of 2.28 bushels based on a 73-percent extraction rate. cwt = hundredweight. 3/ Quoted as mid-month bakers' spring standard patent, bulk basis. 4/ Assumes 50-50 millfeed distribution between bran and shorts or middlings, bulk basis. Source: USDA, Agricultural Marketing Service, Monthly Feedstuffs Prices; Milling and Baking News, Market Fax; and ERS estimates. Date run: 8/21/2008


				
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