An estimated 1% to 3% of energy from
the Sun that hits the earth is converted
into wind energy.
The principle of wind is simple. The poles
recieve less energy than the equater does
from the sun. Also land heats up and cools
down more quickly than the seas. This
difference between the seas and the land
causes a global atmospheric convection
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT
Producing electricity from wind power has started
100 years ago.
The petroleum crisis in the 1970s has started the
development in wind turbines.
Modern wind turbines are generally two or three
Their rotor diameter is generally 10 to 30 meters.
Their lifetime is at least 20 years.
They are controlled by a computer system.
An economic power plant has a capacity of about
Wind speed increases by height so many tirbunes
are around 30-50 meters tall.
THE PRINCIPLE OF A WIND
The wind power can be gained by
making it blow past the blades that
will cause the rotor to twist. The
amount of power transferred is
directly proportional to the density of
the air, the area swept out by the
rotor, and the cube of the wind
speed. It can be found out by the
TYPES OF WIND TURBINES
Onshore wind turbines are placed in hilly and
mountainous places and are at least three
kilometers away from the nearest shore.
Near-shore wind turbines are installed within
three kilometers from the nearest shore or on
water within ten kilometers from land.
Offshore wind turbines’ developement zones are
at least ten kilometers away from land.
TYPES OF WIND TURBINES
The main difference of vertical-axis wind
turbine is that the blades are installed
vertically while other turbins’ blades are
Airborne wind turbines are tethered aeral
turbines filled with helium.
WIND POWER IN TURKEY
Turkey is a eligable country at the point of
producing electricity from wind power
1.It is located in the temperate zone.
2.Surrounding dinamic pressure contrasts
are very effective.
3.There are coasts on the northern,
western and southern sides of the land.
4.The position and the outstrech of the
Wind potentials 50 meters above sea level at five different topographic situation.
Inland areas Bare lands Coasts Open seas Hills and slopes
THE WIND POWER
DISTRIBUTION FOR EACH
REGION IN TURKEY
Name of region Approximated wind power
Mediterannian Region 21.36
Centeral Anatolian Region 20.14
Agean Region 23.47
Blacksea Region 21.31
Eastern Anatolian Region 13.19
Southeastern Anatolian Region 29.33
Marmara Region 51.91
Primary locations for
wind power in Turkey
•Where transportation is
always possible and easy,
•Near the transformer
•On top of bare hills.
Secondary locations for
•Where transportation is always possible and easy
•Near transformer stations
•Coasts and fields
•Bandırma – Manyas – Karabiga
Tertiary locations for wind power
Where transportation is
Near transformer stations,
Bare lands( fields).
Fourth degree locations for
• Where transportation is not always possible, so new road(s) must be
built for maintenance of the turbines.
• not near transformation stations.
• Moderately planted hills.
İzmir – Çeşme- Kocadağ
Çanakkale – Ayvacık – Bozcaada – Gelibolu
Fifth degree locations for wind power
• Where transportation is not always possible, so new road(s) must be built
for maintenance of the turbines.
•Not near transformation stations.
Balıkesir – Balya – Yenice
Çanakkale – Çan – Biga
İzmir – Bergama
THE USE OF BIG-ROTOR
Electricity produced by
big rotors get transferred
to centeral electricity
network. Some of the
electricity that’s needed
in industrial fields is
provided from wind
THE USE OF SMALL-ROTOR
Small turbines are generally
used in the fields where
centeral electricity network
has problems providing
energy or there is no way to
reach it. Settlements at
country sides, farm houses,
radio transmitters, forestry
observation towers, military
signalization, fish farms,
green houses, mines, ships
are some examples of these
fields. The electricity
produced by these turbines
get stored in generators.
DISADVANTAGES OF WIND
2.They don’t cover up a lot of space and the spaces
between are usable.
3.When the turbines become unusable they can be
disposed easily and the area left behind can be
4.Wind industry is developing speedily around the
1.They produce unwanted sounds.
2.They can block electromagnetic waves.
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