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									Growing Great Gardens
   for Grade School
  Third Grade Integrated Science Unit

 By: Holly Pusok, Amanda LeGalley, &
           Melissa Calhoun
    Statement of Major Learning Goal
               for the Unit
   Target TEKS:
   (3.8) Science concepts. The student knows that living
    organisms need food, water, light, air, a way to dispose of
    waste, and an environment in which to live. The student is
    expected to:
       (C) describe environmental changes in which some organisms would
       thrive, become ill, or perish

   Our unit is designed to demonstrate how a garden works as a
    system to support, or hinder the development of plants within
    the garden. Components of the system include sunlight, soil,
    water, insects, pollution, and weather conditions.
      The unit includes lessons on the
           following concepts:
1) Plant Anatomy - Students identify
the anatomy of a plant & create a plant
print with paint.
2) Soil - Students examine, explore, &
dissect different samples of soils to
discover the important materials &
components in soil. Students make their
own simulated soil.
3) Environmental Factors - Students
will work in teams to record & measure
environmental factors, create a graph to
represent findings, & express those
findings to the class.
4) Sunlight – Students will explore the
role of sunlight through direct
observations, reflections, & ultimately
describe how they would want their
environment if they were a plant.
       The unit includes lessons on the
            following concepts:
5) Water – Students will determine the optimal
type of water that is best for plants & write their
own “Tips and Tricks” for gardening.
6) Water Pollution - Students will predict,
observe, record, & describe the changes in plants
sprayed with two different solutions.
7) Bugs - Students will read about a variety of
different insects, match different types of harmful
insects that attack plants, compare effects of two
different insects, & chart the findings as a whole
8) Photosynthesis - Students will read about
photosynthesis, participate in class charting
activity, & work in a group to create an effective
PowerPoint explaining the process to a younger
9) Model Garden – Students build & maintain a
real garden.
Final Learning Product
          Students create a final school garden
           based on their prior learning experiences
           with plants and their needs; including
           their experiences on the field trip and
           with a guest speaker from Urban
           Harvest. Materials are determined by
           the students based on their prior
          Students self-assess their learning over
           the course of the unit by a rubric that
           they score for themselves. Also,
           students will write a short essay detailing
           their garden building experience and
           future plans to maintain that garden.
                      Science Content
   Plant anatomy & function including:
    leaves, seeds, roots, flower, stems, & fruit
   Leaves-the food making factory of a
    plant, usually green, flat to catch light, &
    attach to the stem
   Seeds- a packaged little plant with food
    around it (endosperm) & a covering
    protecting it (seed coat)
   Roots-anchor the plant in the ground &
    soak up water
   Flower-beginning stage of seeds
   Stems-main body of a plant that holds up
    the leaves, limbs, & flowers; transports
    the water from the roots
   Fruit- eaten part of the plant that
    contains seeds
                 Science Content
   Photosynthesis – process by which plants gain food and
    release waste
      Plants take in carbon dioxide, through the leaves, and
       water, through the roots.
      Fuel is made in the leaves by the chlorophyll cells and
       release oxygen as a waste product.
   Recognize the difference between bottled water and rain
    water. Bottled water has been purified and will be missing
    many of the necessary nutrients that will be present in the
    rain water.
   Be familiar with different kinds of insects that attack
   Know the important components of soil – dirt, worms, dead
    plants, & rocks.
Types of Learning Activities
                Guided Activities:
                    # 1 Plant Anatomy
                    # 3 Environmental Factors
                    # 4 Sunlight
                    # 7 Bugs
                    # 8 Photosynthesis
                Inquiry Activities:
                    # 6 Water Pollution

                Challenge Activities:
                    # 2 Soil
                    # Water
                    # 9 Model Garden
          Table of Contents for Lesson
# Title                              Topic                   Author
1)    What’s in a Plant?             plant anatomy           Holly Pusok
2)    Soils, Soils, Soils of Fun     soil                    Holly Pusok
3)    What’s the Weather, Heather?   environmental factors   Amanda LeGalley
4)    You are My Sunshine            sunlight                Melissa Calhoun
5)    I’m Thirsty                    water                   Melissa Calhoun
6)    Mystery Spray                  water pollution         Amanda LeGalley
7))   A Bug’s Life                   harmful bugs            Melissa Calhoun
8)    The In’s and Out’s of Plants   photosynthesis          Amanda LeGalley
9)    How Does Your Garden Grow?     garden building         H.P., M.C., and A.L.
     Informal Science Connection
   The following Houston schools have been supported
    and assisted by the independent, non-profit
    organization, Urban Harvest: Browning Elementary,
    Cedar Brook Elementary, and McDade Elementary.
   The class can take a field trip to one or all of these
    schools. During these visits, children can learn about
    ideas and tips for a great school garden prior to
    making their own garden for their school. Questions
    that children have can be answered while on these
                 Annotated Unit Resources,
                  References, & Websites
   Lesson One
    Lesson Tutor—A Plant Overview—Grade 3
   Lesson Two
    Lesson Tutor—A Plant Overview—Grade 3
   Lesson Three
    Excel tutorial for teachers
   Lesson Four
    Reference Book
     Backyard Science by Chris Maynard p.7
   Lesson Five
    Example Quotes
   Lesson Six
    Lesson Plan
    Lesson Plan
               Annotated Unit Resources,
                References, & Websites
   Lesson Seven
    Home and Garden Information Center
    Vegetable-eating insects
   Lesson Eight
    Content information for the teacher and students
    Website students visit during Explore phase of lesson
   Lesson Nine
    Classic Literature that describes gardens beautifully
     The Secret Garden by Frances Hodgson Burnett
    Urban Harvest Website
   Additional Unit Resources:
    A Beginner’s Field Guide: Watching Nature by Monica Russo
    Ecology for Every Kid: Easy Activities that Make Learning Science Fun by Janice VanCleave
    Nifty Nature by Shar Levine and Leslie Johnstone
    Play and Find Out about Bugs: Easy Experiments for Young Children by Janice VanCleave
    The Kids’ Nature Book: 365 Indoor/Outdoor Activities and Experiences by Susan Milord
Now it’s time for
What’s in a Plant?

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