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              NATIONAL CENTER FOR ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH
                                                                                                  Vol. 24, No. 6   *"9   February 1989


Asbestos in the Mesa Laboratory
     Stove Sadler, environmental health and safety                       Asbestos-related diseases are caused solely by fibers
manager, has learned that there isasbestos inthe ceilings          lodging inthe lungs. Handling the material, for example,
of the first- and second-floor lobbies of the Mesa Lab(see         will not hurt anyone; the only danger comes from inhaling
maps). Analysis of air samples has shown, however, that            the fibers. (See following article on asbestos and health.)
virtually none of itis airborne, and therefore itisnot a

                                North                                                     North




                              First Floor                                                  Second Floor

health hazard to staff members or visitors. Nevertheless,               Over the years, NCAR has sampled for asbestos at
NCAR management will take action to ensure that                    locations that appeared to be at risk. InJuly, Steve took
conditions remain safe.                                            the initiative and contracted with Dames and Moore, a
                  ~; f. ;
                  ~ f;r; f;~; ,.~..~.~.
                   5 ;I;
                   ;;~;l;r;r;5-..5~f~:
                  ;I~;rt;f~; I I"2.~;...'5-~- ~f~~i~~~.. f 5'
                   .               ~.'; _r
                                      I
                                    i~c .;'
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                                                       ;a                t.2-~~5
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                                                                         .t~~ fZ~i
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                                                                                                                                  E

2/Staff Notes/9 February 1989


highly regarded local firm of environmental and health
consultants, to sample all of the materials that compose
                                                                         * Cover the affected area with a new ceiling                 0
the building. The company informed Steve that the ceilings               * Remove the old ceiling and put in a new,
of the first- and second-floor lobbies and the Damon Room                  asbestos-free one.
contain 5 to 30% asbestos. There is none in the cafeteria,
library, or other conference rooms.                                  The last course is the best one, and it was chosen.

     To learn the potential of health risk, Steve asked                  Work will begin next fall on the lobby and hallways
Dames and Moore to take 50 air samples in the affected               and will require that the area be closed. All work will be
areas under a variety of air circulation conditions-for              performed by government-certified outside contractors.
example, with fans turned high and shut off. These                   Steve, who holds national accreditation in asbestos
samples were analyzed by Analytica, a local government-              management and abatement as well as being a certified
certified laboratory.                                                industrial hygienist, will monitor the operation.

     The results could hardly be better news. In 49 of the               If you have any questions about this project, contact
NCAR samples, there was no detectable airborne asbes-                Steve at ext. 8536. He has films and handouts about
tos. The remaining sample, taken in the Damon Room,                  asbestos. *CR
contained airborne fibers at the lowest detection level:
0.004 asbestos fibers per cubic centimeter of air. This
sample is well below the state standard of 0.01 fibers per           Asbestos and Its Health Effects
cubic centimeter of air for the general public and the less
rigorous federal standard of 0.2 fibers per cubic centi-
meter.                                                                    Asbestos is the common name for several inorganic
                                                                     materials that crystallize into bundles of strong, flexible
     The state and federal standards are different because           fibers under certain conditions. The same minerals can
the state regulates exposure of the general public, which            also crystallize into nonfibrous rocks. All commercial
includes infants, the elderly, and other susceptible                 varieties of asbestos are silicates. One asbestos mineral,
individuals, whereas the federal standard governs the                chrysotile (also called white asbestos), accounts for about
more healthy U.S. work force. In both cases, fibers are              90% of all commercially produced asbestos. This is the
defined as particles at least 5 micrometers (0.0005                  kind that has been found at NCAR.
centimeters) in length and longer than they are wide.
                                                                           Asbestos fibers are strong, flexible, fireproof, light-
     Although there is at present no health hazard at the            weight, chemically inert, and heat-resistant. The material
Mesa Laboratory, and NCAR is under no legal obligation               is also extremely durable; it is said to have "a half-life of
to do anything about the asbestos, management consid-                infinity." Its fire-retardant quality has been known at least
ered the following courses:                                          since ancient Egyptian days, when asbestos cloth was
                                                                     used as shrouds for funeral pyres. In ancient Rome, table
     * Monitor the areas to be sure airborne fiber levels            linens were made with asbestos and cleansed by throwing
       remain acceptable                                             them in a fire.

     * Coat the ceilings with an extremely sticky sub                      In modern times, asbestos has been woven, mixed as
       stance that will keep the asbestos from becoming              a binder, and used in many other ways. Until its adverse
       airborne                                                      health effects were discovered, it was used extremely
                                                                     widely, especially in construction. The fibers bind stucco,
                                                                     drywall, and other building materials together; for a blown-
                                                                     on ceiling finish, as in the NCAR lobbies, additional
Staff Notes is published weekly by the Information Services office   asbestos probably was added to the liquid stucco to make
of the National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000,      it flow better.
Boulder, Colorado 80307. NCAR is sponsored by the National
Science Foundation.                                                       About 30 million tons of asbestos were used for
Writer/Editor: Carol Rasmussen                                       construction between 1900 and 1980, as well as about
Production Assistant: Marian Goodrich                                700,000 tons of asbestos insulation. The Environmental
                                                                     Protection Agency recently estimated that one of five
Copy deadline is5:00 p.m. on Monday for publication on Thursday.     public buildings contains potentially dangerous asbestos.
Office: RL-6 room E151. Phone: 303-497-8605.                         (Remember that asbestos only becomes dangerous when
                                                                                                    3/Staff Notes/9 February 1989


it is released into the air.) Of course, many older home:            small numbers of fibers is not known with certainty, but
also contain asbestos. The extremely wide use of                     according to medical experts it is extremely small. Some
asbestos in the past makes it unlikely that anyone in thi!           researchers believe that there is a threshold below which
country has escaped some exposure, however minimal,                  any amount of exposure is safe.
asbestos.
                                                                          Asbestos has been pinpointed as the cause for two
     In the mid-1970s, as a result of findings about                 uncommon diseases: asbestosis and mesothelioma.
asbestos-related health problems, government regulatic               Asbestosis is an emphysema-like condition that causes
severely limited the types of asbestos that can be used              scarring of the lungs and leads to difficulty in breathing.
construction. It is still an important component of autorr           Mesothelioma is cancer of the linings of the lung. It is
bile brake linings.                                                  extremely rare (only 970 cases were reported in the
                                                                     United States in 1985) and always fatal; no one diagnosed
     Asbestos-related diseases were originally identifiec            with the disease has lived more than two years after
workers in daily contact with asbestos for several decac             diagnosis. About 80% of mesothelioma cases can be
that is, people who by the nature of their work had                  directly linked to asbestos, with the disease developing 20
extremely high exposure to the mineral. The exact risk               to 40 years after heavy exposure. *CR
contracting such a disease from short-term exposure to


Farewell, CRAY-1; All Hail, CRAY

      The CRAY-1, whose arrival in 1977 started
a new era of supercomputing at NCAR, was
laid to rest at a decommissioning ceremony on
27 January. The computer was unplugged on
 1 February, and its guts were shipped back to
Cray Research in Minnesota. Its frame is on
display in the first basement of the Mesa Lab.

      The unplugging of the CRAY-1 leaves
NCAR temporarily with one supercomputer, the
CRAY X-MP/48. In April, a leased CRAY X-
MP/18 will be arriving. "I expect the [18] to be
resident at NCAR for at least 12 months," said
Scientific Computing Division (SCD) director Bill
Buzbee. "If find sufficient use by other
             we
government agencies, we may be able to keep
it longer."

      The 18 is one and a half times faster than
the CRAY-1 and has eight times as much
memory, so over the year all users of NCAR's
computing facilities will actually have more
computing power available to them. For about
the next three months, however (until the 18 is
integrated into NCAR's network), in-house
users will be faced with about a 15% reduction
in system hours used. The main effect of this is
that jobs will take longer to complete.
                                                             Paul Rotar gave a brief eulogy at the CRAY-1 decommissioning.
     The CRAY-1 was originally acquired to                   (Photo by Charlie Semmer.)
help process and analyze the large amounts of
data to be collected during the Global Atmos-
pheric Research Program's major field phase in
4/Staff Notesl9 February 1989


 1979 and to use these data to develop more                                                                           0
realistic models of the global atmosphere.
Scientists soon began using the computer for
myriad computationally intensive modeling
experiments in many other areas of atmos-
pheric research. As a University of Maryland
scientist put it in 1982, "The expansion of
NCAR computing power into the CRAY-1 class
opened many avenues of promising new
research. Whereas the early utilization of high-
speed computers was mainly in the numerical
weather prediction problem ... the NCAR
facility opened the way to large computing in
many [other] areas."

      The CRAY-1 became a casualty for two
 reasons. First, because of budget austerities,
the NCAR Directors Committee (the division
directors and heads of a few other depart-
 ments) was forced to decide that the computer
could no longer be maintained in fiscal year
 1989. (SCD stepped in with divisional funds to
keep it running until 1 February.) Second is
SCD's move toward the UNIX operating
system. (An operating system is the com-
puter's internal software, which controls the
execution of computer programs.) The CRAY
Operating System (COS) used by the CRAY-1
is like a Neanderthal man: perfectly viable in
itself but not in the evolutionary mainstream.
And, as Paul Rotar put it in the decommission-
ing ceremony, "It's too old a dog to learn new       When the CRAY-1 arrived in 1977, it had to be lowered
tricks. Cray doesn't believe [the CRAY-1] can       into the computer room through the ceiling. (Photo by Bob
learn UNIX."                                        Bumpas.)

    UNIX, with wide use and many proponents,
appears to be well on the way to acceptance as      debugging, and other tasks. Also, the next generation of
an industry standard. Running on microcompu-        supercomputer will be available by 1992, and SCD hopes to
ters, minicomputers, and some mainframes, it is     acquire one. Using the 18, SCD can do the work needed to
currently available in two versions-the original,   integrate a UNICOS computer into SCD's network and mass
from AT&T, and the Berkeley Software Distribu-      storage system. Development now will mean less down time
tion from the University of California, Berkeley.   when the larger, more expensive machine eventually arrives.
Many students now learn it in college. IBM,
Control Data Corporation, and several other              "If UNICOS performs well [on the 18]," Bill said, "we will
computer manufacturers are shortly releasing a      consider converting the X-MP/48 to UNICOS. We will discuss
UNIX-compatible product called AIX to run on        this with our users and advisers beforehand." That would be
certain of their computers. The CRAY 18 that        another long step down the path to UNIX. *CR
NCAR is leasing uses Cray Research's version
of UNIX for supercomputers, called UNICOS
(UNIX CRAY Operating System).

    Bill sees numerous advantages in moving
to UNIX now. For example, SCD staff can
spend less of their time documenting multiple
operating systems and training users on them,
and more time on software development,
                                                                                                                      0
                                                                                                5/Staff Notes/9 February 1989


    Delphi Question:                                             supervisors preferred being able to better match their
                                                                 specific desires and needs by hiring from a wider array of
    In-House Temporaries                                         available skills through temporary employment agencies.

    Question (26 January): Given the number of temporaries            Second, if we staff a temporary pool with regular
    that we employ from various personnel agencies, it would     employees, it requires funding the positions even when
    seem that a great deal of time and effort is expended to     there is no work available. This doesn't make sense,
    train and bring up to speed new temporaries, only to         especially in tight budget times when we're examining
    release them once the period of their employment is          every option for reducing expenses.
    expired. The same cycle is repeated whenever new
    temporaries come on board. For the most part, the                Third, if we staff a temporary pool with casual
    temporary employees don't know UCAR/NCAR, and we             employees, we must give them enough work to make it
    don't know their capabilities.                               worthwhile for them to continue as casuals. If supervisors
                                                                 have the option to hire from a temporary agency to better
         Can an in-house temporary staff be created instead of   meet their needs, we may not have enough work for the
    always using agencies? I believe the benefits would be       casuals. If supervisors don't have the option to use a
    the following:                                               temporary agency, their needs become secondary to the
                                                                 need to provide work for the casual employees.
        * Outside costs would be lower
        * We would know a group of dependable and                      Fourth, our experience showed that it was very
          capable people                                         difficult to maintain a staff of casual employees. Unless
        * Time for training temporary staff would be reduced     we could locate former UCAR employees who wished
          or eliminated                                          casual work, we were usually unsuccessful at recruiting.
        * Temporary staff would be familiar with the mission     When we were lucky enough to hire a casual, she secured
          of UCAR/NCAR divisions                                 the first regular UCAR position that became available.
        * Temporary staff could identify with working for
          UCAR/NCAR                                                   For these reasons, and in an effort to reduce Person-
        * Temporary staff would be motivated to work for         nel Office activities, the temporary pool was discontinued
          NCAR, knowing that there was a measure of              in the late 1970s. The responsibility for procuring tempo-
          security, rather than facing the uncertainity of       rary help was shifted to the divisions at that time.
          working for a company of which they have little or
          no knowledge                                                Since then, several former secretarial employees
        * A temporary staff pool would be a source of            have indicated an interest in securing temporary assign-
          dependable permanent employees who had tasted          ments at UCAR. Many have been hired through tempo-
          the flavor of working for UCAR/NCAR.                   rary employment agencies' "payrolling services," while
                                                                 others have remained on UCAR's payroll as casual
        Please consider the merits of this proposition.          employees. We have at least one such employee on our
                                                                 payroll at this time. Individual divisions also have occa-
    Answer (1 February): The questioner has raised a             sionally retained former employees as casuals. Although
    number of good points. Theoretically, the recommenda-        we have no formally structured temporary pool program
    tion that UCAR maintain a pool of in-house temporary help    and have no plans to consider adding one, the Personnel
    is a good one.                                               Office is glad to facilitate these arrangements whenver
                                                                 feasible.
         As a matter of fact, UCAR has implemented this
    concept at least once before, during the 1970s. A                                                   Valerie Friesen
    Personnel Office secretary on a regular appointment was              Manager, Personnel/Equal Opportunity Programs
    designated as a "floating secretary." During the same
    time, a couple of former NCAR secretarial employees who      Questions and suggestions from the staff to management
    wanted to work occasionally were also retained as casual     may be submitted in confidence to the Delphi coordinator,
    employees to do temporary work throughout UCAR.              Belinda Housewright (ext. 1310, ML room 15C), in written
                                                                 form; they must be signed. Detailed procedures for sub-
         While there are decided advantages to setting up a      mitting questions are given in the UCAR Manual, section
    pool of employees to do temporary work, our experience       2-5. Questions and answers of general interest to the staff

.   has shown that there are also some disadvantages. First,
    having a few people ina temporary pool on UCAR's
    payroll can limit the number and kinds of workers from
                                                                 are submitted to Staff Notes by Belinda unless the
                                                                 questionersays she may not. They may be edited for
                                                                 publication.
    whom supervisors can select. We found that many
6/Staff Notes/9 February 1989



Summer Employment Program:                                       Benefits-Questions and Answers
Apply Now
                                                                       Below is one of a series of question-and-answer
       For the ninth consecutive year, NCAR will offer           articles written by PersonnelOffice staff about UCAR's
summer employment to minority college students through           health and dental care benefits. Most of the questions
its Summer Employment Program (SEP). All divisions are           were raised by staff members during meetings in Decem-
encouraged to participate. For information about sponsor-        ber on the changes in benefits that became effective on
ing a summer employment student, please call Debi                1 January. Ifyou have a general question about benefits
Koepke, ext. 8728. She has a list of supervisory responsi-       that you would like Personnelto answer, call Sam Sargent
bilities and will take information about what you would          at ext. 8704. *CR
require of a summer student.
                                                                      Why has Prudentialrecently been asking for more
     The SEP was designed to enable NCAR to offer                information to process claims, particularly dental claims?
minority undergraduate students the opportunity to gain
exposure to and consider careers in atmospheric science.              Prudential is asking, more frequently than they have
SEP is funded by a grant from the National Science               in the past, for X rays and other information before
Foundation and is administered by the Personnel/Equal            processing claims in an effort to contain costs. These
Opportunity Programs office. We expect to employ 11              practices are becoming more common throughout the
students this summer as compared to 7 hired last year.           industry. Nationwide, insurance companies are seeing
Students receive a monthly stipend, travel expenses, and         more dentists overprescribe treatments, and they are
a housing allowance, all at no cost to participating             detecting more fraud.
divisions.
                                                                     Who decides which charges are eligible for coverage
      Over the years, SEP participants have worked on an         and which are not?
array of research projects. Some of their duties have
included processing graphical output of NCAR's commu-                 Decisions about what coverage is available to UCAR
 nity climate model, participating in field programs on          employees are the result of two factors: what the insur-
 microburst detection techniques, calculating statistics for     ance company is willing to write into the contract and what
 microbiological analysis, automating systems to store data      the employer wishes to include. After these decisions
on parts of microwaves, identifying and quantifying the          have been made and the contract is signed, Prudential,
organic halogens in the atmosphere, coding and plotting          our plan administrator, interprets the contract and deter-
the SRFACE utility, and identifying benefits and potential       mines which specific charges are covered.
problems created by coal-fired power plants on Indian
 reservations.                                                        The contract provisions are largely defined by
                                                                 Prudential, but UCAR has negotiated for certain additional
     To be eligible for consideration in the program,            features that frequently are not covered under Prudential's
students should have completed their sophomore year of           standard contract. For example, our plan covers chiro-
college or the equivalent credit hours by June 1989. They        practic care, hearing aids, physical examinations, well-
should also have completed courses in at least one of the        baby visits, and mammograms, which have been some-
following fields of study: chemistry, social science or          what unusual for the standard plan.
environmental issues, meteorology, physics, computer
science (scientific applications in particular), or electrical        ff Ihave coverage through both UCAR's Prudential
engineering. Students who would like more information            plan and Medicare, which is primary?
about the program should contact Debi or Edna Comedy
(ext. 8705). *Becky Campbell                                         As long as you or your spouse is an active employee,
                                                                 UCAR's plan is primary. When neither you nor your
                                                                 spouse is an active employee, Medicare becomes
                                                                 primary.

                                                                     My physician has just recommended that I have
                                                                 surgery. What do I need to do?

                                                                     Whenever a physician recommends surgery, you
                                                                 must call the Pre-Admission and Concurrent Review
                                                                                                        7/Staff Notes/9 February 1989


       Service (PACRS) Program/Second Surgical Opinion                 he or she is eligible for coverage the date school starts
       Program (1-800-524-1269) before your admission. They            without qualifying by completing a medical questionnaire.
       will need to authorize your hospitalization and determine
       whether a second opinion will be required. In an emer-              Am I allowed to continue insurance coverage after I
       gency, a family member, your physician, or the hospital         terminate employment with UCAR?
       can place the call, but it must be made within two days of
       admission. If you do not follow these procedures, your               Yes, UCAR's procedures changed a few years ago
       benefits may be reduced. A phone call to the claims office      after the Consolidated Omnibus Reconciliation Act was
       to discuss your situation or coverage will not substitute for   passed. Employees leaving UCAR can continue coverage
       the requirement to contact PACRS.                               for 18 months after they leave by paying the full cost of the
                                                                       premium plus a 2% administration fee. The Personnel
            When does my children's eligibility for coverage end?      Office sends departing employees who have UCAR
                                                                       insurance a notice of eligibility for continuation of cover-
            Your children are eligible for coverage until their 19th   age. Those who desire coverage must complete the form
       birthdays. However, if a child is a full-time student,          and return it to Prudential's Tesseract Division within 60
       coverage is available until the day the child leaves school,    days of their termination date. Tesseract bills former
       up to age 25. If a child between the ages of 19 and 25          employees directly.
       who does not currently have coverage becomes a student,


       Announcements

       King Air Model Is Missing                                       Departures

.           A blue-and-white model of NCAR's King Air aircraft is
       missing. The model, approximately a foot long and
       standing on an aluminum base, was left in the reception
                                                                       Rise Ivy
                                                                       Graham Murphy
                                                                                                                       31 January
                                                                                                                       31 January

       area of the Mesa Lab about four weeks ago. Information
       Services needs the model for a display at the American          New Staff
       Geophysical Union's regional meeting in Golden on
       Monday and Tuesday of next week (13 and 14 February).           Rachel Hall, student assistant II with the High Altitude
       Ifyou have the model or if you know where it is, please         Observatory. ML room 593A, ext. 1511.
       return it to Rene Munoz (ML room 133, ext. 1173) or to
       Information Services (RL-6 room E1l42, ext. 8600).              Lea Hart, process camera/Copy Center technician with
                                                                       Graphics Services. ML room 36, ext 1164.

        New Display Case                                               Patrice Kucera, associate scientist I with the Atmospheric
                                                                       Technology Division. RL-3 room 352, ext. 8723.
            A staff display case has been installed outside the
       cafeteria of the Mesa Lab. The case is meant to house
       professional awards to staff in all positions. Ifyou or
       someone you know have received an award that you
                             have                                      Tax Information Session Is Today
       would be willing to display, please contact Rene Munoz,
       ext. 1173.                                                            A tax information sponsored by the Employee
                                                                       Assistance Program is being held today, 9 February, in the
                                                                       Main Seminar Room of the Mesa Lab. From 11:00 a.m. to
        Photographics Closed Next Friday                               noon, a consultant from the U.S. Internal Revenue Service
                                                                       will address staff interests, and a representative of the
            Photographics will be closed on Friday, 17 February,       Colorado Department of Revenue will speak from
       while NCAR's three photographers attend the annual              12:30 p.m. to 1:30 p.m. No food or drink is allowed in the
       meeting of the Rocky Mountain Professional Photogra-            Main Seminar Room.
       phers of America. Lyn Eshima will staff the office from
       10:00 a.m. until 1:00 p.m. that day to take requests, but no
    Sphotographic services will be available.
8/Staff Notes/9 February 1989


Drug-Free Workplace Policy Considered                          Visitors
      In October 1988, Congress enacted an omnibus drug
bill requiring that all federal contractors such as NCAR       DAVID BURRIDGE, European Center for Medium-Range
maintain a drug-free workplace. In order to comply with        Weather Forecasts, Reading, England. Field of interest:
this new law, it is expected that UCAR will need to create     Forecast models. 30-31 January.
a new policy and new procedures.                               -David Williamson, Climate and Global Dynamics
                                                                 Division
     Indications are that any such new policy will require a
notice to employees prohibiting the manufacture, distribut-    ALLEN CARROLL, National Geographicmagazine. Field
ing, dispensing, possession, and use of a controlled           of interest: Global warming, the greenhouse effect, and
substance in the workplace. The policy is likely also to       the ozone problem. 13-15 February. RL-6 room E150,
require any employee convicted of a criminal drug statute      ext. 8720.
violation to notify UCAR, which in turn would have to notify   -Joan Vandiver Frisch, Media Relations
the National Science Foundation.
                                                               DAVID KAROLY, Princeton University. Field of interest:
     Once federal regulations have been published, the         Climate variations. 16-23 February. ML room 426,
Personnel Office will draft a policy for review by manage-     ext. 1351.
ment. Any questions or comments regarding this issue           -Kevin Trenberth, Climate and Global Dynamics Division
should be directed to Edna Comedy (ext. 8705) or Valerie
Friesen (ext. 8708).                                           PETER PORTEOUS, National Geographic magazine.
                                                               Field of interest: Global warming, the greenhouse effect,
                                                               and the ozone problem. 13-15 February. RL-6 room
                                                               E150, ext. 8720.
                                                               -Joan Vandiver Frisch, Media Relations




                                                                                                                           0
                                                          February 9, 1989


                                          NEED TO SUBSCRIBE TO A JOURNAL? TELL THE LIBRARY!


              Here's how to start   getting your ownoffice copy subscription: Send a memo including the name of the
         person subscribing, a description of the journal (title, price, publisher, reply postcard), the account
         number you wish us to charge, and the signature of someone authorized to approve your order, to the
         Library.     Address your order (and any questions regarding library or office copy journals) to Barb
         Summers, ML. Barb's extension is 1175.


              The  Library saves time and money for NCAR by using a single subscription agent for most journal
         orders.   Your order will be processed in approximately two weeks. Remember, your subscription starts as
         soon as possible after processing, and is determined by how often the journal is published.




My    acquisitions       recommendation      for    the    Mesa,    RL6,   RL3,      MAR,    or     RAF   Library   (circle     one)
is:
10"           -     I~               ~                                 Name:


The following new acquisitions for the Mesa and branch Libraries will be displayed in the Mesa Library February 9 through
February 16. They may be reserved during display for subsequent checkout. NCAR staff located off the Mesa may borrow
new books by checking the item(s) of interest below and sendinterest list to Faith Perce.
                                                        sending this                         Reference material, however,
does not circulate.



                                                     * * * * NEW BOOKS * * * *
                                                                                                           CALL NUMBERS
                                                                                                           G1 C88 1989 v.1-2 in Ref
COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD AND THEIR LEADERS YEARBOOK. 1989.
                                                                                                           G1201 P2R3 1989 in Ref
RAND MCNALLY ROAD ATLAS : UNITED STATES/CANADA/MEXICO. 1989.
                                Lief, B W, Keely, L M, 1978.                                               G6299 S83E365 1978 L5 in Ref
WALKS THROUGH STUTTGART [Map].
                           Lief, B W, Keely, L M, 1986.                                                    G6714 R7E635 1986 L5 in Ref
WALKS THROUGH ROME [Map].
                                                                                                           GB611 D73 1983 c.2
DESERTIFICATION OF ARID LANDS. Dregne, H E, 1983.
                                                                                  Tohoku Diagaku.          GC1 C65 v.3
COLLECTED PAPERS, PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY LABORATORY, TOHOKU UNIVERSITY.
       Physical Oceanography Laboratory, 1986.
                                                                                                           GC116 T69 1988
TRACERS IN THE OCEAN. Charnock, H, ed., 1988.
                                                                                                           HJ4653 A83T34 1987 in Ref
TAX INFORMATION FOR FOREIGN SCHOLARS AND VISITORS. United States. Internal
       Revenue Service, 1987.
                                                                                                           Q183.9 075 1987 in MAR
1-2-3 FOR SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS. Orvis, W J, 1987.
                                                                                                           QA76.5 1548 1988
SUPERCOMPUTING '88 : PROCEEDINGS. Kartashev, L P, Kartashev, S I, 1988.
                                                                                                           QA76.6 134 1986 c.2 in Ref
IEEE STANDARD FOR SOFTWARE UNIT TESTING. IEEE Computer Society, 1986.
                                                                                                           QA447 M357 1983 c.3
THE FRACTAL GEOMETRY OF NATURE. Mandelbrot, B B, 1983.
                                                                                                           QB523 M63 1988
A NEW PICTURE FOR THE INTERNAL ROTATION OF THE SUN. Morrow, C A, 1988.
                                                                                                           QB525 S84 1987 in Ref
SUNSPOT NUMBERS, 1610-1985 : BASED ON "THE SUNSPOT ACTIVITY IN THE YEARS 1610-1960"
       McKinnon, J A, 1987.
                                                                                                           QB981 H377 1988 c.2 in RL6
A BRIEF HISTORY OF TIME : FROM THE BIG BANG TO BLACK HOLES. Hawkins, S W, 1988.
                                                                                                           QC351 P7 v.25, v.26
 PROGRESS IN OPTICS. Wolf, E, ed., 1988.
                                                                                                           QC879.6 B75 1986 c.5 in RL6
 AIR: COMPOSITION & CHEMISTRY. Brimblecombe, P, 1986.
                                                                                                           QC880.4 D35P7 1987
 PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP ON DIABATIC FORCING HELD AT ECMWF 30 NOVEMBER - 2 DECEMBER 1987.
                                                                                                            Also in RL6
        European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, 1988.
                                                                                                            QC880.4 D44598 1988 c.2 RL6
 EIGTH SYMPOSIUM ON TURBULENCE AND DIFFUSION : APRIL 25-29, 1988. AMS, 1988.
                                                                                                            QC911 S5813 1971
 COMPUTATION OF SOLAR RADIATION CHARACTERISTICS. Sivkov, S I, 1971.
STENTH CONFERENCE ON WEATHER MODIFICATION, MAY 27-30, 1986. AMS, 1986.
                                                                                                            QC928 C618 1986
                                                                                                            QC929 S7S95 1972
 PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF ICE: PAPERS PRESENTED AT THE SYMPOSIUM. Whalley, E, Jones, S J,
        Gold, L W, eds., 1973.
                                                * * * * NEW BOOKS * * * *
                                                                                                   CALL NUMBERS
PROCEEDINGS : 8TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ATMOSPHERIC ELECTRICITY.   1988.                     QC960.5 155 1988
PREPRINTS.  CONFERENCE ON RADAR METEOROLOGY OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY.                QC973.5 A512 23RD v.1-
       CONFERENCE ON CLOUD PHYSICS. AMS, 1986.                                                     in RL6, RL3, RAF
CLIMATIC AVERAGES, AUSTRALIA. Australia. Bureau of Meteorology, Dept. of Administrative            QC992 A1C58 1988 in Ref
       Services, 1988.
CONFERENCE ON NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION. AMS, 1988.                                             QC996 C66 1988 c.2 in RL6
OPTICAL INFORMATION PROCESSING AND HOLOGRAPHY. Cathey, W T, 1974.                                  TA1630 C37 1974 in MAR
ACID RAIN : THE VIEW FROM THE STATES : PROCEEDINGS OF A CONFERENCE. White, J C, ed., 1988.         TD196 A25A27 1988
GENERATION AND APPLICATION OF PSEUDO-RANDOM SEQUENCES FOR RANDOM TESTING. Yarmotik, V N,           TK7872 S512713 1988 in MAR
       Demidenko, S N, 1988.
COHERENT OPTICAL COMPUTERS. Preston, K, 1972.                                                      TK7895 06P74 1972 in MAR
IMPLEMENTING THE AUTOMATED LIBRARY SYSTEM. Corbin, J B, 1988.                                      Z678.9 C633 1988




                                         * * * * NEW TECHNICAL REPORTS * * * *
                                                                                                   REPORT NUMBERS
Atmospheric Science:
STRUCTURE OF THE BOUNDARY LAYER OVER NON-HOMOGEMEOUS TERRAIN : PROCEEDINGS
       OF THE FIELD EXPERIMENT KOPEX - 86 (KOPISTY/TUSIMICE, 2 JUNE-7 JULY 1986).   1988           24337
THE CHANGING ATMOSPHERE-CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES. 1988.                                        24338
CYCLONE TRACKS FOR THE AUTUMN AND WINTER PERIOD OF 1986-1987. NIEMINEN, R, 1988.                   24346
GENERAL DETERMINATION OF EARTH SURFACE TYPE AND CLOUD AMOUNT USING
       MULTISPECTRAL AVHRR DATA. RUFF, I, 1988.                                                    24348
A PRECIPITATION CLIMATOLOGY OF FIVE-DAY SEQUENCES. EPSTEIN, E S, 1988.                             24350

Engineering, Technology:
PRECIPITATING ION AND ELECTRON DETECTORS (SSJ/4) FOR THE BLOCK 5D/FLIGHT 8
       DMSP SATELLITE. SCHUMAKER, T L, 1988.                                                       24345
DATA EXTRACTION AND CALIBRATION OF TIROS-N/NOAA RADIOMETERS. PLANET, W G, 1988.                    24349

Oceanography:
WOCE VELOCTIY GROUP MEETING UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON, SEATTLE OCTOBER 6-9, 1987. 1988.             24344
FLOODS ALONG DES PLAINES AND FOX RIVERS: SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 1986. DIETRICH, T L, 1989.              24347

Physics:
AN INTERFEROMETRIC INVESTIGATION OF THE DIFFRACTION OF A PLANAR SHOCK WAVE
       OVER A SEMICIRCULAR CYLINDER. KACA, J, 1988.                                                24339
NUMERICAL STUDY OF TWO-STAGE LIGHT-GAS HYPERVELOCITY PROJECTILE LAUNCHERS.   GROTH, C P T, 1988.   24340
HIGHER-ORDER APPROXIMATIONS IN INTERACTIVE AIRFOIL CALCULATIONS. ZINGG, D    W,1988.               24341
HYDROGEN EROSION OF CARBON FOR FUSION APPLICATIONS. DAVIS, J    W,
                                                                 1988.                             24342

Pollution:
DE KERNRAMP TE TSJERNOBYL : METEOROLOGISCHE ASPECTEN VOOR BELGIE.   MUER, D DE, 1988.              24343




                                                                                                                        0
                              UNIVERSITY CORPORATION FOR ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH
                                  NATIONAL CENTER FOR ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH
                    Mai resumes to:              Pick up appications at:
                    P.O. Box 3000                3215 Madrine Street             (303) 497-8707, job Line
                    Boulder, Colorado 80307      Boulder, Colorado               (303) 497-8713, Personnel Office




                             NCAR/UCAR is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer.
                               Salaries for new employees and for current employees receiving
                   reassignment will be between the range minimum and maximum shown for each job.
                            Specific starting salaries are determined by comparing the applicant's
                      qualifications with the requirements and assessing expected performance levels.

     EMPLOYMENT PROCESS                                                    *ELECTRO/MECHANICAL TECHNICIAN                 II     -
        PLEASE READI                                                        1033*

APPLICATION MATERIALS:      You must apply                                 ATD    -   Mile High Radar
for a specific position to be considered                                   Non-exempt Range: $1,762 - 2,288/mo
for employment at NCAR.      Please submit                                 DUTIES INCLUDE: Operates,    troubleshoots,
only   one   application.     It    will be                                and maintains radar systems. Assists in
considered for all jobs in       which you                                 the design, fabrication and assembly of
indicate you are interested.       In  most                                electro/mechanical   systems.     Maintains
cases submitting a completed application                                   system documentation of new instrumenta-
is very helpful, but is   never absolutely                                 tion and equipment design modifications,
necessary.   You     may submit a             resume and                   field   repairs,   calibrations   and test
cover letter if you wish, but be sure you                                  results. Assists in design and implemen-
indicate position(s)     for which you are                                 tation of digital processing and display
applying.                                                                  circuitry,   antenna controller     circuits
APPLYING FOR ANOTHER POSITION:       We keep                               and computer peripheral installations.
your application materials on     file for                                 Operates computer programs for diagnosis
one year.    If you wish to be considered                                  of faults and data collection.         Main-
for another position during that time,                                     tains,   services  and repairs data and
you only need to call our office and ask                                   voice communication equipment.       Assists
to be considered.     You may call our    24                               in design and support of communication
hour jobline, 497-8707, to find out about                                  networks for field programs.
all NCAR/UCAR positions open to          the                               REQUIREMENTS INCLUDE:
public.                                                                    --    Working        knowledge           of     techniques
NOTIFICATION OF APPLICATION STATUS:       If                                     related to design, layout,    building,
you are     applying    for   a non-exempt                                       testing,     troubleshooting,    repair,
position, you will be notified within                                            modification,       operation        and
three weeks of applying only if we wish                                          installation     of   electronic     and
to interview you. If you are applying                                            mechanical instrumentation
for an exempt      position, we will notify                                --    Basic          knowledge           of         computer
you as to the status of your application                                         operations, communication, interfacing
as soon as it can be determined.                                                 and applications programming
MORE INFORMATION ON SPECIFIC OPENINGS:                                     --    Knowledge           of      radar,      radio       and
You may pick up copies of previous "Job                                          telephone communications fundamentals
Openings" ads      at the NCAR Personnel                                   --    Skill in using standard machine shop
Office, located at 3215 Marine Street,                                           tools and heavy equipment such as
Boulder.                                                                         punches and presses
NCAR/UCAR EMPLOYEE APPLICATIONS:      If you                               --    Skill in collecting, assisting in the
are a UCAR/NCAR employee and wish to be                                          interpretion   and    keeping  orderly
considered for      any of the positions                                         documentation of data
listed,   please complete      an employee                                 --    Skill          in        tuning         radar       and
application    (available from     Personnel                                     communication transmitters, receivers,
Services, x8713), attach a resume, and                                           and     repeaters    to    established
return it to Personnel Services, RL6.                                            specifications
                                                                                                        PAGE 2


--   Willingness to travel away   from the                                 STUDENT ASSISTANTS
     Boulder area for periods not usually
     exceeding one month but may total 120                    All student assistants must be enrolled
     days a year, and to work abnormal                        for credit in an accredited secondary or
     shifts                                                   post   secondary   school,   college   or
--   Valid     driver's      license      and     driving     university; or in a trade school which
   record which will comply with UCAR's                       has received a Certificate of Approval
   liability insurance requirements                           from   the Colorado    State Board    for
NOTE: This is a term position up to June                      Community   Colleges   and   Occupational
30, 1989                                                      Education and must be able to work up to
Cyndi Langan                                                  20 hours/week during periods school is in
                                                              session, and full-time during breaks.

PILOT -      #1032
                                                              *STUDENT ASSISTANT III -             #1034*
ATD - Research Aviation Facility
Exempt Range:  57, $2,773 - 4,160/mo                          ATD - Research Applications Program
DUTIES INCLUDE:      Serves as pilot-in-                      Flat Rate
command or as second-in-command of NCAR                       DUTIES:    Develops, modifies, debugs, and
aircraft including B-200T, NA-265, and                        documents code in FORTRAN pertaining to
L-188   which are     used in   world-wide                    development and evaluation of wind shear
atmospheric research projects.       Works                    warning systems for aviation        safety;
closely with scientific investigators in                      maintains     software    documents;    and
developing flight profiles which will                         analyzes data and performs quantitative
achieve the maximum number of scientific                      evaluation of     wind   shear    detection
objectives compatible     with the    oper-                   algorithms.
ational limitations of the aircraft and                       -- Demonstrated skill in    programming in
constraints of applicable regulations.                           FORTRAN
Participates in long range planning of                        -- Graduate   level studies in mathematics
multi-airplane    international   research                       or computer science
programs and contact with the National                        --   Skill      in     implementing           elementary
Science Foundation, Department of State,                           statistical procedures
and U.S. and Foreign Customs Officials.                       --   Skill    in      working        with     operating
Adheres to FAA      and ICAO rules     and                       systems such as VMS or UNIX
regulations.    Conducts frequent   inter-                    NOTE:   This position has a term up to
comparison flights which involve close                        September 30, 1989,  with the possibility
formation flying of all facility aircraft                     of extension.
and on occasion with research aircraft                        Becky Campbell
operated by other agencies.      Plans and
executes flight plans of a very complex
nature which require special coordination                     *STUDENT ASSISTANT         II - #1035*
with both U.S. and foreign air traffic
control agencies.                                             ACD - Atmospheric Odd Nitrogen Group of
REQUIREMENTS INCLUDE:                                         the Air Chemistry Division
-- FAA Airline Transport Pilot certified                      Flat Rate
   with L-188 type rating                                     DUTIES INCLUDE:      Maintenance of small
-- FAA First Class Medical Certificate                        parts,   supplies, equipment inventories,
   and ability to successfully pass NCAR                      and    the   laboratory;   gas   handling;
   flight physical                                            preventive maintenance and servicing of
-- Graduate of a formal pilot training                        equipment; data analysis using applica-
   program                                                    tions    software; computer    operations;
--   B.S.     in     engineering     or        sciences OR    assisting in the construction, operation,
     equivalent combination               of    education     and maintenance of scientific instrument-
     and experience                                           ation; maintaining documentation of tasks
--   Demonstrated         skill    in working        as   a   performed;   and participating in field
   professional pilot                                         work.
-- Demonstrated skill in conducting field                     REQUIREMENTS INCLUDE:
   programs with little or no on-site                         --   Skill in        working    as    a     member   of a
   supervision                                                     multidisciplinary team
-- 5,000 flight hours,    including 2,500                     --   Skill in performing duties in a neat,
   flight hours as pilot-in-command of                             accurate and safe manner
   multi-engine airplanes, and 500 hours                      --   Skill in working with one or more of
   as pilot-in-command    of four-engine                           the    following  operating   systems:
   turbo-prop airplane                                             MS-DOS,     UNIX,   CP/M,    HP-Basic,
Debi Koepke                                                        HP-Pascal, MacIntosh, or Cray JCL


                                                                                                                          0
                                                                                                              PAGE 3



.   --   Ability
       routinely
    -- Willingness
                         to     lift

                    to work irregular hours
                                           over       70     pounds    DIRECTOR OF NCAR - #1006

                                                                       NCAR - Director's Office
       when necessary                                                  Date first published in              "Job Openings":
    -- Willingness to travel during breaks                             November 23, 1988
       for extended periods on field programs
    --   Valid     driver's            license    and       driving
         record which will comply with UCAR's                          MANAGER, STORM DATA CENTER                -   #1018
         liability insurance requirements
                                                                       MMM - STORM Project Office
                                                                       Exempt Range:   60, $3,313 - 4,970/mo
    *STUDENT ASSISTANT II - #1036*                                     Date first  published in "Job Openings:"
                                                                       December 28, 1988
    HAO - Administrative Research and Support
    Flat Rate
    DUTIES INCLUDE:    Unpacking and labeling                          NEW BUILDING PROJECT MANAGER                  -   #1007
    computer tapes; routine computer process-
    ing of image data; updating a computer                             DIR -   Director's          Office
    database;   transferring images   from one                         Exempt Range:  63, $4,287 - 6,430/mo
    tape    format to another;      maintaining                        Date first published in "Job Openings:"
    documentation   on the status of archival                          December 28, 1988
    image data; producing      photographaphic
    slides and prints from computer-generated
    coronagraph images; labeling and organiz-                          SCIENTIFIC APPLICATIONS PROGRAMMER I -
    ing photographic materials; identifying                            1026
    stars in C/P images; and simple analyses                           ATD -   Surface     and Sounding   Systems
    of coronagraph data using       interactive                        Facility
    software.                                                          Exempt Range:   53,   $1,560 - 2,340  (.75
    REQUIREMENTS INCLUDE:                                              FTE)
    -- Studies in one of the natural sciences                          Date first published in "Job Openings:"
        and computer science                                           January 11, 1989
    -- Familiarity with the UNIX operating
        system
    -- Knowledge of C programming language                             SCIENTIST            III    OR   SENIOR       SCIENTIST   -
    -- Skill in written communication        and                       #1020
        documentation
    -- Skill        in        performing          work       in   a    ATD -   Surface    and Sounding    Systems
       well-organized, thorough manner, while                          Facility (SSSF)
       paying close attention to detail                                Exempt Range:   62, $3,827 - 5,740/mo
    -- Ability  to establish and maintain a                                                       64, $4,150 -       6,917/mo
       consistent schedule                                             Date first published in              "Job Openings:"
    Becky Campbell                                                     December 28, 1988


                                                                                             INO
            ADDITIONAL POSITIONS
                                                                       The Institute for Naval      Oceanography
    We are still accepting applications for                             (INO) is pursuing the development and
    positions listed below. For information                            demonstration of mesoscale eddy-resolving
    on   any of the    following previously                            ocean prediction systems on a global
    published job vacancies, please contact                            basis.     Areas of particular interest
    the Perscmnel/EOP office   on extension                            include:    the Gulf Stream region and
    $693.                                                              North Atlantic     basin, the California
                                                                       Current region and North Pacific basin,
                                                                       the coastal ocean, and the global ocean,
    CHIEF, ADMINISTRATION GROUP - #1028                                per se.

    This   position            is       open     to        UCAR/NCAR
                                                                       INO     is
                                                                                currently seeking the following
                                                                       persons for the following positions:
    employees only.
                                                                               OCEAN ACOUSTICS MODELER
    ATD - Research Aviation Facility (RAF)
    Exempt Range:  53, $2,000 - 3,000/mo.                              Experienced senior-level    modeler to lead
    Date first published in "Job Openings:"                            projects    in    interfacing   ocean    and
    January 11, 1989                                                   acoustic  models,     and ocean    acoustic
                                                                       tomography.
                                                PAGE 4



REQUIREMENTS INCLUDE:
-- Ph.D. in physical oceanography, phy-
   sics, engineering, or mathematics
-- Skill in acoustic and ocean modeling
   as well as acoustic tomography
--   Strong   intellectual   and   leadership
     skills
--   Skill in working with other ocean and
     acoustic modelers at INO and in   the
     national academic community
--   Knowledge of the design of field ex-
     periments and the analysis of field
     data


     SCIENTIFIC PROGRAMMER/ANALYST

Develops and maintains a variety of ap-
plication programs and on-line data bases
for the various modules of the nowcast
and forecast systems.
REQUIREMENTS INCLUDE:
-- MS or BS in Computer Science
-- Skill in programming technical   appli-
     cations and databases
--   Skill in working in VAX and supercom-
     puting environments


Qualified applicants should submit re-
sumes to:   Newton Spitzfaden, INSTITUTE
FOR NAVAL OCEANOGRAPHY, Stennis Space
Center, Mississippi, 39529-5005.
*Asterisked positions are appearing in
"Job Openings" for the first time.
1   1   41




                                          13 FEBRUARY THROUGH 20 FEBRUARY


             MONDAY, 13 February                                      MONDAY,     20 February

             "   ATD Seminar - Numerical Simulations of  Two            HOLIDAY
                 Contrasting Microburst Events: The Denver
                 11 July 1988 and the MIST2O July 1986 Storms    --
                 Fred Proctor, MESO, Inc., Hampton, VA
                 2:00 p.m.
                 RL-6, Main Seminar Room, W-179

             TUESDAY, 14 February
             "    CGD Seminar -- Coherent Wave-Mean Flow
                  Interactions in the Troposphere -- William
                  Randel, ACD
                  3:30 p.m.
                  NCAR Mesa Lab, Main Seminar Room

             WEDNESDAY, 15 February
                 OPEN

             THURSDAY, 16 February
             " HAO Seminar -- Strong Langmuir Turbulence:
                 Scalings, Statistics, and the Solar Wind --
                 Peter Robinson, University of Colorado, Boulder
                 10:30 a.m.
                 NCAR Mesa Lab, Main Seminar Room
             " MMM Seminar      -- Mufti-Grid Methods State of
                 the Art -- Steve McCormick, University of
                 Colorado, Denver
                 3:30   p.m.
                 RL-6, Main Seminar Room, W-179


             FRIDAY, 17 February
             " Climate Club Seminar -- Responses of
               Forests to Global Warming -- Daniel Botkin,
               University of California, Santa Barbara                Calendar Notes announcements may be mailed to
                                                                      Sheryl Meek, ML 140. Tuesday at 5:00 p.m. isthe
                  10:30 a.m.                                          deadline for items to be included inCalendar Notes.
                  NCAR Mesa Lab, Main Seminar Room
                                                                          e




                                                                     0




National Center for Atmospheric Research
                                                    Nonprofit Organization
P.O. Box 3000 / Boulder, Colorado 80307 / U.S.A.
                                                    U.S. POSTAGE PAID
An Equal Opportunity/ Affirmative Action Employer     Boulder, Colorado
                                                       Permit No. 558

Return postage guaranteed.

				
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