NATIONAL CENTER FOR ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH
Vol. 24, No. 6 *"9 February 1989
Asbestos in the Mesa Laboratory
Stove Sadler, environmental health and safety Asbestos-related diseases are caused solely by fibers
manager, has learned that there isasbestos inthe ceilings lodging inthe lungs. Handling the material, for example,
of the first- and second-floor lobbies of the Mesa Lab(see will not hurt anyone; the only danger comes from inhaling
maps). Analysis of air samples has shown, however, that the fibers. (See following article on asbestos and health.)
virtually none of itis airborne, and therefore itisnot a
First Floor Second Floor
health hazard to staff members or visitors. Nevertheless, Over the years, NCAR has sampled for asbestos at
NCAR management will take action to ensure that locations that appeared to be at risk. InJuly, Steve took
conditions remain safe. the initiative and contracted with Dames and Moore, a
~; f. ;
~ f;r; f;~; ,.~..~.~.
;I~;rt;f~; I I"2.~;...'5-~- ~f~~i~~~.. f 5'
. ~.'; _r
.. .-. ~..~ t 5
; f ..~~I..
.ttt5 ,, f.
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2/Staff Notes/9 February 1989
highly regarded local firm of environmental and health
consultants, to sample all of the materials that compose
* Cover the affected area with a new ceiling 0
the building. The company informed Steve that the ceilings * Remove the old ceiling and put in a new,
of the first- and second-floor lobbies and the Damon Room asbestos-free one.
contain 5 to 30% asbestos. There is none in the cafeteria,
library, or other conference rooms. The last course is the best one, and it was chosen.
To learn the potential of health risk, Steve asked Work will begin next fall on the lobby and hallways
Dames and Moore to take 50 air samples in the affected and will require that the area be closed. All work will be
areas under a variety of air circulation conditions-for performed by government-certified outside contractors.
example, with fans turned high and shut off. These Steve, who holds national accreditation in asbestos
samples were analyzed by Analytica, a local government- management and abatement as well as being a certified
certified laboratory. industrial hygienist, will monitor the operation.
The results could hardly be better news. In 49 of the If you have any questions about this project, contact
NCAR samples, there was no detectable airborne asbes- Steve at ext. 8536. He has films and handouts about
tos. The remaining sample, taken in the Damon Room, asbestos. *CR
contained airborne fibers at the lowest detection level:
0.004 asbestos fibers per cubic centimeter of air. This
sample is well below the state standard of 0.01 fibers per Asbestos and Its Health Effects
cubic centimeter of air for the general public and the less
rigorous federal standard of 0.2 fibers per cubic centi-
meter. Asbestos is the common name for several inorganic
materials that crystallize into bundles of strong, flexible
The state and federal standards are different because fibers under certain conditions. The same minerals can
the state regulates exposure of the general public, which also crystallize into nonfibrous rocks. All commercial
includes infants, the elderly, and other susceptible varieties of asbestos are silicates. One asbestos mineral,
individuals, whereas the federal standard governs the chrysotile (also called white asbestos), accounts for about
more healthy U.S. work force. In both cases, fibers are 90% of all commercially produced asbestos. This is the
defined as particles at least 5 micrometers (0.0005 kind that has been found at NCAR.
centimeters) in length and longer than they are wide.
Asbestos fibers are strong, flexible, fireproof, light-
Although there is at present no health hazard at the weight, chemically inert, and heat-resistant. The material
Mesa Laboratory, and NCAR is under no legal obligation is also extremely durable; it is said to have "a half-life of
to do anything about the asbestos, management consid- infinity." Its fire-retardant quality has been known at least
ered the following courses: since ancient Egyptian days, when asbestos cloth was
used as shrouds for funeral pyres. In ancient Rome, table
* Monitor the areas to be sure airborne fiber levels linens were made with asbestos and cleansed by throwing
remain acceptable them in a fire.
* Coat the ceilings with an extremely sticky sub In modern times, asbestos has been woven, mixed as
stance that will keep the asbestos from becoming a binder, and used in many other ways. Until its adverse
airborne health effects were discovered, it was used extremely
widely, especially in construction. The fibers bind stucco,
drywall, and other building materials together; for a blown-
on ceiling finish, as in the NCAR lobbies, additional
Staff Notes is published weekly by the Information Services office asbestos probably was added to the liquid stucco to make
of the National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, it flow better.
Boulder, Colorado 80307. NCAR is sponsored by the National
Science Foundation. About 30 million tons of asbestos were used for
Writer/Editor: Carol Rasmussen construction between 1900 and 1980, as well as about
Production Assistant: Marian Goodrich 700,000 tons of asbestos insulation. The Environmental
Protection Agency recently estimated that one of five
Copy deadline is5:00 p.m. on Monday for publication on Thursday. public buildings contains potentially dangerous asbestos.
Office: RL-6 room E151. Phone: 303-497-8605. (Remember that asbestos only becomes dangerous when
3/Staff Notes/9 February 1989
it is released into the air.) Of course, many older home: small numbers of fibers is not known with certainty, but
also contain asbestos. The extremely wide use of according to medical experts it is extremely small. Some
asbestos in the past makes it unlikely that anyone in thi! researchers believe that there is a threshold below which
country has escaped some exposure, however minimal, any amount of exposure is safe.
Asbestos has been pinpointed as the cause for two
In the mid-1970s, as a result of findings about uncommon diseases: asbestosis and mesothelioma.
asbestos-related health problems, government regulatic Asbestosis is an emphysema-like condition that causes
severely limited the types of asbestos that can be used scarring of the lungs and leads to difficulty in breathing.
construction. It is still an important component of autorr Mesothelioma is cancer of the linings of the lung. It is
bile brake linings. extremely rare (only 970 cases were reported in the
United States in 1985) and always fatal; no one diagnosed
Asbestos-related diseases were originally identifiec with the disease has lived more than two years after
workers in daily contact with asbestos for several decac diagnosis. About 80% of mesothelioma cases can be
that is, people who by the nature of their work had directly linked to asbestos, with the disease developing 20
extremely high exposure to the mineral. The exact risk to 40 years after heavy exposure. *CR
contracting such a disease from short-term exposure to
Farewell, CRAY-1; All Hail, CRAY
The CRAY-1, whose arrival in 1977 started
a new era of supercomputing at NCAR, was
laid to rest at a decommissioning ceremony on
27 January. The computer was unplugged on
1 February, and its guts were shipped back to
Cray Research in Minnesota. Its frame is on
display in the first basement of the Mesa Lab.
The unplugging of the CRAY-1 leaves
NCAR temporarily with one supercomputer, the
CRAY X-MP/48. In April, a leased CRAY X-
MP/18 will be arriving. "I expect the  to be
resident at NCAR for at least 12 months," said
Scientific Computing Division (SCD) director Bill
Buzbee. "If find sufficient use by other
government agencies, we may be able to keep
The 18 is one and a half times faster than
the CRAY-1 and has eight times as much
memory, so over the year all users of NCAR's
computing facilities will actually have more
computing power available to them. For about
the next three months, however (until the 18 is
integrated into NCAR's network), in-house
users will be faced with about a 15% reduction
in system hours used. The main effect of this is
that jobs will take longer to complete.
Paul Rotar gave a brief eulogy at the CRAY-1 decommissioning.
The CRAY-1 was originally acquired to (Photo by Charlie Semmer.)
help process and analyze the large amounts of
data to be collected during the Global Atmos-
pheric Research Program's major field phase in
4/Staff Notesl9 February 1989
1979 and to use these data to develop more 0
realistic models of the global atmosphere.
Scientists soon began using the computer for
myriad computationally intensive modeling
experiments in many other areas of atmos-
pheric research. As a University of Maryland
scientist put it in 1982, "The expansion of
NCAR computing power into the CRAY-1 class
opened many avenues of promising new
research. Whereas the early utilization of high-
speed computers was mainly in the numerical
weather prediction problem ... the NCAR
facility opened the way to large computing in
many [other] areas."
The CRAY-1 became a casualty for two
reasons. First, because of budget austerities,
the NCAR Directors Committee (the division
directors and heads of a few other depart-
ments) was forced to decide that the computer
could no longer be maintained in fiscal year
1989. (SCD stepped in with divisional funds to
keep it running until 1 February.) Second is
SCD's move toward the UNIX operating
system. (An operating system is the com-
puter's internal software, which controls the
execution of computer programs.) The CRAY
Operating System (COS) used by the CRAY-1
is like a Neanderthal man: perfectly viable in
itself but not in the evolutionary mainstream.
And, as Paul Rotar put it in the decommission-
ing ceremony, "It's too old a dog to learn new When the CRAY-1 arrived in 1977, it had to be lowered
tricks. Cray doesn't believe [the CRAY-1] can into the computer room through the ceiling. (Photo by Bob
learn UNIX." Bumpas.)
UNIX, with wide use and many proponents,
appears to be well on the way to acceptance as debugging, and other tasks. Also, the next generation of
an industry standard. Running on microcompu- supercomputer will be available by 1992, and SCD hopes to
ters, minicomputers, and some mainframes, it is acquire one. Using the 18, SCD can do the work needed to
currently available in two versions-the original, integrate a UNICOS computer into SCD's network and mass
from AT&T, and the Berkeley Software Distribu- storage system. Development now will mean less down time
tion from the University of California, Berkeley. when the larger, more expensive machine eventually arrives.
Many students now learn it in college. IBM,
Control Data Corporation, and several other "If UNICOS performs well [on the 18]," Bill said, "we will
computer manufacturers are shortly releasing a consider converting the X-MP/48 to UNICOS. We will discuss
UNIX-compatible product called AIX to run on this with our users and advisers beforehand." That would be
certain of their computers. The CRAY 18 that another long step down the path to UNIX. *CR
NCAR is leasing uses Cray Research's version
of UNIX for supercomputers, called UNICOS
(UNIX CRAY Operating System).
Bill sees numerous advantages in moving
to UNIX now. For example, SCD staff can
spend less of their time documenting multiple
operating systems and training users on them,
and more time on software development,
5/Staff Notes/9 February 1989
Delphi Question: supervisors preferred being able to better match their
specific desires and needs by hiring from a wider array of
In-House Temporaries available skills through temporary employment agencies.
Question (26 January): Given the number of temporaries Second, if we staff a temporary pool with regular
that we employ from various personnel agencies, it would employees, it requires funding the positions even when
seem that a great deal of time and effort is expended to there is no work available. This doesn't make sense,
train and bring up to speed new temporaries, only to especially in tight budget times when we're examining
release them once the period of their employment is every option for reducing expenses.
expired. The same cycle is repeated whenever new
temporaries come on board. For the most part, the Third, if we staff a temporary pool with casual
temporary employees don't know UCAR/NCAR, and we employees, we must give them enough work to make it
don't know their capabilities. worthwhile for them to continue as casuals. If supervisors
have the option to hire from a temporary agency to better
Can an in-house temporary staff be created instead of meet their needs, we may not have enough work for the
always using agencies? I believe the benefits would be casuals. If supervisors don't have the option to use a
the following: temporary agency, their needs become secondary to the
need to provide work for the casual employees.
* Outside costs would be lower
* We would know a group of dependable and Fourth, our experience showed that it was very
capable people difficult to maintain a staff of casual employees. Unless
* Time for training temporary staff would be reduced we could locate former UCAR employees who wished
or eliminated casual work, we were usually unsuccessful at recruiting.
* Temporary staff would be familiar with the mission When we were lucky enough to hire a casual, she secured
of UCAR/NCAR divisions the first regular UCAR position that became available.
* Temporary staff could identify with working for
UCAR/NCAR For these reasons, and in an effort to reduce Person-
* Temporary staff would be motivated to work for nel Office activities, the temporary pool was discontinued
NCAR, knowing that there was a measure of in the late 1970s. The responsibility for procuring tempo-
security, rather than facing the uncertainity of rary help was shifted to the divisions at that time.
working for a company of which they have little or
no knowledge Since then, several former secretarial employees
* A temporary staff pool would be a source of have indicated an interest in securing temporary assign-
dependable permanent employees who had tasted ments at UCAR. Many have been hired through tempo-
the flavor of working for UCAR/NCAR. rary employment agencies' "payrolling services," while
others have remained on UCAR's payroll as casual
Please consider the merits of this proposition. employees. We have at least one such employee on our
payroll at this time. Individual divisions also have occa-
Answer (1 February): The questioner has raised a sionally retained former employees as casuals. Although
number of good points. Theoretically, the recommenda- we have no formally structured temporary pool program
tion that UCAR maintain a pool of in-house temporary help and have no plans to consider adding one, the Personnel
is a good one. Office is glad to facilitate these arrangements whenver
As a matter of fact, UCAR has implemented this
concept at least once before, during the 1970s. A Valerie Friesen
Personnel Office secretary on a regular appointment was Manager, Personnel/Equal Opportunity Programs
designated as a "floating secretary." During the same
time, a couple of former NCAR secretarial employees who Questions and suggestions from the staff to management
wanted to work occasionally were also retained as casual may be submitted in confidence to the Delphi coordinator,
employees to do temporary work throughout UCAR. Belinda Housewright (ext. 1310, ML room 15C), in written
form; they must be signed. Detailed procedures for sub-
While there are decided advantages to setting up a mitting questions are given in the UCAR Manual, section
pool of employees to do temporary work, our experience 2-5. Questions and answers of general interest to the staff
. has shown that there are also some disadvantages. First,
having a few people ina temporary pool on UCAR's
payroll can limit the number and kinds of workers from
are submitted to Staff Notes by Belinda unless the
questionersays she may not. They may be edited for
whom supervisors can select. We found that many
6/Staff Notes/9 February 1989
Summer Employment Program: Benefits-Questions and Answers
Below is one of a series of question-and-answer
For the ninth consecutive year, NCAR will offer articles written by PersonnelOffice staff about UCAR's
summer employment to minority college students through health and dental care benefits. Most of the questions
its Summer Employment Program (SEP). All divisions are were raised by staff members during meetings in Decem-
encouraged to participate. For information about sponsor- ber on the changes in benefits that became effective on
ing a summer employment student, please call Debi 1 January. Ifyou have a general question about benefits
Koepke, ext. 8728. She has a list of supervisory responsi- that you would like Personnelto answer, call Sam Sargent
bilities and will take information about what you would at ext. 8704. *CR
require of a summer student.
Why has Prudentialrecently been asking for more
The SEP was designed to enable NCAR to offer information to process claims, particularly dental claims?
minority undergraduate students the opportunity to gain
exposure to and consider careers in atmospheric science. Prudential is asking, more frequently than they have
SEP is funded by a grant from the National Science in the past, for X rays and other information before
Foundation and is administered by the Personnel/Equal processing claims in an effort to contain costs. These
Opportunity Programs office. We expect to employ 11 practices are becoming more common throughout the
students this summer as compared to 7 hired last year. industry. Nationwide, insurance companies are seeing
Students receive a monthly stipend, travel expenses, and more dentists overprescribe treatments, and they are
a housing allowance, all at no cost to participating detecting more fraud.
Who decides which charges are eligible for coverage
Over the years, SEP participants have worked on an and which are not?
array of research projects. Some of their duties have
included processing graphical output of NCAR's commu- Decisions about what coverage is available to UCAR
nity climate model, participating in field programs on employees are the result of two factors: what the insur-
microburst detection techniques, calculating statistics for ance company is willing to write into the contract and what
microbiological analysis, automating systems to store data the employer wishes to include. After these decisions
on parts of microwaves, identifying and quantifying the have been made and the contract is signed, Prudential,
organic halogens in the atmosphere, coding and plotting our plan administrator, interprets the contract and deter-
the SRFACE utility, and identifying benefits and potential mines which specific charges are covered.
problems created by coal-fired power plants on Indian
reservations. The contract provisions are largely defined by
Prudential, but UCAR has negotiated for certain additional
To be eligible for consideration in the program, features that frequently are not covered under Prudential's
students should have completed their sophomore year of standard contract. For example, our plan covers chiro-
college or the equivalent credit hours by June 1989. They practic care, hearing aids, physical examinations, well-
should also have completed courses in at least one of the baby visits, and mammograms, which have been some-
following fields of study: chemistry, social science or what unusual for the standard plan.
environmental issues, meteorology, physics, computer
science (scientific applications in particular), or electrical ff Ihave coverage through both UCAR's Prudential
engineering. Students who would like more information plan and Medicare, which is primary?
about the program should contact Debi or Edna Comedy
(ext. 8705). *Becky Campbell As long as you or your spouse is an active employee,
UCAR's plan is primary. When neither you nor your
spouse is an active employee, Medicare becomes
My physician has just recommended that I have
surgery. What do I need to do?
Whenever a physician recommends surgery, you
must call the Pre-Admission and Concurrent Review
7/Staff Notes/9 February 1989
Service (PACRS) Program/Second Surgical Opinion he or she is eligible for coverage the date school starts
Program (1-800-524-1269) before your admission. They without qualifying by completing a medical questionnaire.
will need to authorize your hospitalization and determine
whether a second opinion will be required. In an emer- Am I allowed to continue insurance coverage after I
gency, a family member, your physician, or the hospital terminate employment with UCAR?
can place the call, but it must be made within two days of
admission. If you do not follow these procedures, your Yes, UCAR's procedures changed a few years ago
benefits may be reduced. A phone call to the claims office after the Consolidated Omnibus Reconciliation Act was
to discuss your situation or coverage will not substitute for passed. Employees leaving UCAR can continue coverage
the requirement to contact PACRS. for 18 months after they leave by paying the full cost of the
premium plus a 2% administration fee. The Personnel
When does my children's eligibility for coverage end? Office sends departing employees who have UCAR
insurance a notice of eligibility for continuation of cover-
Your children are eligible for coverage until their 19th age. Those who desire coverage must complete the form
birthdays. However, if a child is a full-time student, and return it to Prudential's Tesseract Division within 60
coverage is available until the day the child leaves school, days of their termination date. Tesseract bills former
up to age 25. If a child between the ages of 19 and 25 employees directly.
who does not currently have coverage becomes a student,
King Air Model Is Missing Departures
. A blue-and-white model of NCAR's King Air aircraft is
missing. The model, approximately a foot long and
standing on an aluminum base, was left in the reception
area of the Mesa Lab about four weeks ago. Information
Services needs the model for a display at the American New Staff
Geophysical Union's regional meeting in Golden on
Monday and Tuesday of next week (13 and 14 February). Rachel Hall, student assistant II with the High Altitude
Ifyou have the model or if you know where it is, please Observatory. ML room 593A, ext. 1511.
return it to Rene Munoz (ML room 133, ext. 1173) or to
Information Services (RL-6 room E1l42, ext. 8600). Lea Hart, process camera/Copy Center technician with
Graphics Services. ML room 36, ext 1164.
New Display Case Patrice Kucera, associate scientist I with the Atmospheric
Technology Division. RL-3 room 352, ext. 8723.
A staff display case has been installed outside the
cafeteria of the Mesa Lab. The case is meant to house
professional awards to staff in all positions. Ifyou or
someone you know have received an award that you
have Tax Information Session Is Today
would be willing to display, please contact Rene Munoz,
ext. 1173. A tax information sponsored by the Employee
Assistance Program is being held today, 9 February, in the
Main Seminar Room of the Mesa Lab. From 11:00 a.m. to
Photographics Closed Next Friday noon, a consultant from the U.S. Internal Revenue Service
will address staff interests, and a representative of the
Photographics will be closed on Friday, 17 February, Colorado Department of Revenue will speak from
while NCAR's three photographers attend the annual 12:30 p.m. to 1:30 p.m. No food or drink is allowed in the
meeting of the Rocky Mountain Professional Photogra- Main Seminar Room.
phers of America. Lyn Eshima will staff the office from
10:00 a.m. until 1:00 p.m. that day to take requests, but no
Sphotographic services will be available.
8/Staff Notes/9 February 1989
Drug-Free Workplace Policy Considered Visitors
In October 1988, Congress enacted an omnibus drug
bill requiring that all federal contractors such as NCAR DAVID BURRIDGE, European Center for Medium-Range
maintain a drug-free workplace. In order to comply with Weather Forecasts, Reading, England. Field of interest:
this new law, it is expected that UCAR will need to create Forecast models. 30-31 January.
a new policy and new procedures. -David Williamson, Climate and Global Dynamics
Indications are that any such new policy will require a
notice to employees prohibiting the manufacture, distribut- ALLEN CARROLL, National Geographicmagazine. Field
ing, dispensing, possession, and use of a controlled of interest: Global warming, the greenhouse effect, and
substance in the workplace. The policy is likely also to the ozone problem. 13-15 February. RL-6 room E150,
require any employee convicted of a criminal drug statute ext. 8720.
violation to notify UCAR, which in turn would have to notify -Joan Vandiver Frisch, Media Relations
the National Science Foundation.
DAVID KAROLY, Princeton University. Field of interest:
Once federal regulations have been published, the Climate variations. 16-23 February. ML room 426,
Personnel Office will draft a policy for review by manage- ext. 1351.
ment. Any questions or comments regarding this issue -Kevin Trenberth, Climate and Global Dynamics Division
should be directed to Edna Comedy (ext. 8705) or Valerie
Friesen (ext. 8708). PETER PORTEOUS, National Geographic magazine.
Field of interest: Global warming, the greenhouse effect,
and the ozone problem. 13-15 February. RL-6 room
E150, ext. 8720.
-Joan Vandiver Frisch, Media Relations
February 9, 1989
NEED TO SUBSCRIBE TO A JOURNAL? TELL THE LIBRARY!
Here's how to start getting your ownoffice copy subscription: Send a memo including the name of the
person subscribing, a description of the journal (title, price, publisher, reply postcard), the account
number you wish us to charge, and the signature of someone authorized to approve your order, to the
Library. Address your order (and any questions regarding library or office copy journals) to Barb
Summers, ML. Barb's extension is 1175.
The Library saves time and money for NCAR by using a single subscription agent for most journal
orders. Your order will be processed in approximately two weeks. Remember, your subscription starts as
soon as possible after processing, and is determined by how often the journal is published.
My acquisitions recommendation for the Mesa, RL6, RL3, MAR, or RAF Library (circle one)
10" - I~ ~ Name:
The following new acquisitions for the Mesa and branch Libraries will be displayed in the Mesa Library February 9 through
February 16. They may be reserved during display for subsequent checkout. NCAR staff located off the Mesa may borrow
new books by checking the item(s) of interest below and sendinterest list to Faith Perce.
sending this Reference material, however,
does not circulate.
* * * * NEW BOOKS * * * *
G1 C88 1989 v.1-2 in Ref
COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD AND THEIR LEADERS YEARBOOK. 1989.
G1201 P2R3 1989 in Ref
RAND MCNALLY ROAD ATLAS : UNITED STATES/CANADA/MEXICO. 1989.
Lief, B W, Keely, L M, 1978. G6299 S83E365 1978 L5 in Ref
WALKS THROUGH STUTTGART [Map].
Lief, B W, Keely, L M, 1986. G6714 R7E635 1986 L5 in Ref
WALKS THROUGH ROME [Map].
GB611 D73 1983 c.2
DESERTIFICATION OF ARID LANDS. Dregne, H E, 1983.
Tohoku Diagaku. GC1 C65 v.3
COLLECTED PAPERS, PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY LABORATORY, TOHOKU UNIVERSITY.
Physical Oceanography Laboratory, 1986.
GC116 T69 1988
TRACERS IN THE OCEAN. Charnock, H, ed., 1988.
HJ4653 A83T34 1987 in Ref
TAX INFORMATION FOR FOREIGN SCHOLARS AND VISITORS. United States. Internal
Revenue Service, 1987.
Q183.9 075 1987 in MAR
1-2-3 FOR SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS. Orvis, W J, 1987.
QA76.5 1548 1988
SUPERCOMPUTING '88 : PROCEEDINGS. Kartashev, L P, Kartashev, S I, 1988.
QA76.6 134 1986 c.2 in Ref
IEEE STANDARD FOR SOFTWARE UNIT TESTING. IEEE Computer Society, 1986.
QA447 M357 1983 c.3
THE FRACTAL GEOMETRY OF NATURE. Mandelbrot, B B, 1983.
QB523 M63 1988
A NEW PICTURE FOR THE INTERNAL ROTATION OF THE SUN. Morrow, C A, 1988.
QB525 S84 1987 in Ref
SUNSPOT NUMBERS, 1610-1985 : BASED ON "THE SUNSPOT ACTIVITY IN THE YEARS 1610-1960"
McKinnon, J A, 1987.
QB981 H377 1988 c.2 in RL6
A BRIEF HISTORY OF TIME : FROM THE BIG BANG TO BLACK HOLES. Hawkins, S W, 1988.
QC351 P7 v.25, v.26
PROGRESS IN OPTICS. Wolf, E, ed., 1988.
QC879.6 B75 1986 c.5 in RL6
AIR: COMPOSITION & CHEMISTRY. Brimblecombe, P, 1986.
QC880.4 D35P7 1987
PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP ON DIABATIC FORCING HELD AT ECMWF 30 NOVEMBER - 2 DECEMBER 1987.
Also in RL6
European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, 1988.
QC880.4 D44598 1988 c.2 RL6
EIGTH SYMPOSIUM ON TURBULENCE AND DIFFUSION : APRIL 25-29, 1988. AMS, 1988.
QC911 S5813 1971
COMPUTATION OF SOLAR RADIATION CHARACTERISTICS. Sivkov, S I, 1971.
STENTH CONFERENCE ON WEATHER MODIFICATION, MAY 27-30, 1986. AMS, 1986.
QC928 C618 1986
QC929 S7S95 1972
PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY OF ICE: PAPERS PRESENTED AT THE SYMPOSIUM. Whalley, E, Jones, S J,
Gold, L W, eds., 1973.
* * * * NEW BOOKS * * * *
PROCEEDINGS : 8TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ATMOSPHERIC ELECTRICITY. 1988. QC960.5 155 1988
PREPRINTS. CONFERENCE ON RADAR METEOROLOGY OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY. QC973.5 A512 23RD v.1-
CONFERENCE ON CLOUD PHYSICS. AMS, 1986. in RL6, RL3, RAF
CLIMATIC AVERAGES, AUSTRALIA. Australia. Bureau of Meteorology, Dept. of Administrative QC992 A1C58 1988 in Ref
CONFERENCE ON NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION. AMS, 1988. QC996 C66 1988 c.2 in RL6
OPTICAL INFORMATION PROCESSING AND HOLOGRAPHY. Cathey, W T, 1974. TA1630 C37 1974 in MAR
ACID RAIN : THE VIEW FROM THE STATES : PROCEEDINGS OF A CONFERENCE. White, J C, ed., 1988. TD196 A25A27 1988
GENERATION AND APPLICATION OF PSEUDO-RANDOM SEQUENCES FOR RANDOM TESTING. Yarmotik, V N, TK7872 S512713 1988 in MAR
Demidenko, S N, 1988.
COHERENT OPTICAL COMPUTERS. Preston, K, 1972. TK7895 06P74 1972 in MAR
IMPLEMENTING THE AUTOMATED LIBRARY SYSTEM. Corbin, J B, 1988. Z678.9 C633 1988
* * * * NEW TECHNICAL REPORTS * * * *
STRUCTURE OF THE BOUNDARY LAYER OVER NON-HOMOGEMEOUS TERRAIN : PROCEEDINGS
OF THE FIELD EXPERIMENT KOPEX - 86 (KOPISTY/TUSIMICE, 2 JUNE-7 JULY 1986). 1988 24337
THE CHANGING ATMOSPHERE-CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES. 1988. 24338
CYCLONE TRACKS FOR THE AUTUMN AND WINTER PERIOD OF 1986-1987. NIEMINEN, R, 1988. 24346
GENERAL DETERMINATION OF EARTH SURFACE TYPE AND CLOUD AMOUNT USING
MULTISPECTRAL AVHRR DATA. RUFF, I, 1988. 24348
A PRECIPITATION CLIMATOLOGY OF FIVE-DAY SEQUENCES. EPSTEIN, E S, 1988. 24350
PRECIPITATING ION AND ELECTRON DETECTORS (SSJ/4) FOR THE BLOCK 5D/FLIGHT 8
DMSP SATELLITE. SCHUMAKER, T L, 1988. 24345
DATA EXTRACTION AND CALIBRATION OF TIROS-N/NOAA RADIOMETERS. PLANET, W G, 1988. 24349
WOCE VELOCTIY GROUP MEETING UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON, SEATTLE OCTOBER 6-9, 1987. 1988. 24344
FLOODS ALONG DES PLAINES AND FOX RIVERS: SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 1986. DIETRICH, T L, 1989. 24347
AN INTERFEROMETRIC INVESTIGATION OF THE DIFFRACTION OF A PLANAR SHOCK WAVE
OVER A SEMICIRCULAR CYLINDER. KACA, J, 1988. 24339
NUMERICAL STUDY OF TWO-STAGE LIGHT-GAS HYPERVELOCITY PROJECTILE LAUNCHERS. GROTH, C P T, 1988. 24340
HIGHER-ORDER APPROXIMATIONS IN INTERACTIVE AIRFOIL CALCULATIONS. ZINGG, D W,1988. 24341
HYDROGEN EROSION OF CARBON FOR FUSION APPLICATIONS. DAVIS, J W,
DE KERNRAMP TE TSJERNOBYL : METEOROLOGISCHE ASPECTEN VOOR BELGIE. MUER, D DE, 1988. 24343
UNIVERSITY CORPORATION FOR ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL CENTER FOR ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH
Mai resumes to: Pick up appications at:
P.O. Box 3000 3215 Madrine Street (303) 497-8707, job Line
Boulder, Colorado 80307 Boulder, Colorado (303) 497-8713, Personnel Office
NCAR/UCAR is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer.
Salaries for new employees and for current employees receiving
reassignment will be between the range minimum and maximum shown for each job.
Specific starting salaries are determined by comparing the applicant's
qualifications with the requirements and assessing expected performance levels.
EMPLOYMENT PROCESS *ELECTRO/MECHANICAL TECHNICIAN II -
PLEASE READI 1033*
APPLICATION MATERIALS: You must apply ATD - Mile High Radar
for a specific position to be considered Non-exempt Range: $1,762 - 2,288/mo
for employment at NCAR. Please submit DUTIES INCLUDE: Operates, troubleshoots,
only one application. It will be and maintains radar systems. Assists in
considered for all jobs in which you the design, fabrication and assembly of
indicate you are interested. In most electro/mechanical systems. Maintains
cases submitting a completed application system documentation of new instrumenta-
is very helpful, but is never absolutely tion and equipment design modifications,
necessary. You may submit a resume and field repairs, calibrations and test
cover letter if you wish, but be sure you results. Assists in design and implemen-
indicate position(s) for which you are tation of digital processing and display
applying. circuitry, antenna controller circuits
APPLYING FOR ANOTHER POSITION: We keep and computer peripheral installations.
your application materials on file for Operates computer programs for diagnosis
one year. If you wish to be considered of faults and data collection. Main-
for another position during that time, tains, services and repairs data and
you only need to call our office and ask voice communication equipment. Assists
to be considered. You may call our 24 in design and support of communication
hour jobline, 497-8707, to find out about networks for field programs.
all NCAR/UCAR positions open to the REQUIREMENTS INCLUDE:
public. -- Working knowledge of techniques
NOTIFICATION OF APPLICATION STATUS: If related to design, layout, building,
you are applying for a non-exempt testing, troubleshooting, repair,
position, you will be notified within modification, operation and
three weeks of applying only if we wish installation of electronic and
to interview you. If you are applying mechanical instrumentation
for an exempt position, we will notify -- Basic knowledge of computer
you as to the status of your application operations, communication, interfacing
as soon as it can be determined. and applications programming
MORE INFORMATION ON SPECIFIC OPENINGS: -- Knowledge of radar, radio and
You may pick up copies of previous "Job telephone communications fundamentals
Openings" ads at the NCAR Personnel -- Skill in using standard machine shop
Office, located at 3215 Marine Street, tools and heavy equipment such as
Boulder. punches and presses
NCAR/UCAR EMPLOYEE APPLICATIONS: If you -- Skill in collecting, assisting in the
are a UCAR/NCAR employee and wish to be interpretion and keeping orderly
considered for any of the positions documentation of data
listed, please complete an employee -- Skill in tuning radar and
application (available from Personnel communication transmitters, receivers,
Services, x8713), attach a resume, and and repeaters to established
return it to Personnel Services, RL6. specifications
-- Willingness to travel away from the STUDENT ASSISTANTS
Boulder area for periods not usually
exceeding one month but may total 120 All student assistants must be enrolled
days a year, and to work abnormal for credit in an accredited secondary or
shifts post secondary school, college or
-- Valid driver's license and driving university; or in a trade school which
record which will comply with UCAR's has received a Certificate of Approval
liability insurance requirements from the Colorado State Board for
NOTE: This is a term position up to June Community Colleges and Occupational
30, 1989 Education and must be able to work up to
Cyndi Langan 20 hours/week during periods school is in
session, and full-time during breaks.
PILOT - #1032
*STUDENT ASSISTANT III - #1034*
ATD - Research Aviation Facility
Exempt Range: 57, $2,773 - 4,160/mo ATD - Research Applications Program
DUTIES INCLUDE: Serves as pilot-in- Flat Rate
command or as second-in-command of NCAR DUTIES: Develops, modifies, debugs, and
aircraft including B-200T, NA-265, and documents code in FORTRAN pertaining to
L-188 which are used in world-wide development and evaluation of wind shear
atmospheric research projects. Works warning systems for aviation safety;
closely with scientific investigators in maintains software documents; and
developing flight profiles which will analyzes data and performs quantitative
achieve the maximum number of scientific evaluation of wind shear detection
objectives compatible with the oper- algorithms.
ational limitations of the aircraft and -- Demonstrated skill in programming in
constraints of applicable regulations. FORTRAN
Participates in long range planning of -- Graduate level studies in mathematics
multi-airplane international research or computer science
programs and contact with the National -- Skill in implementing elementary
Science Foundation, Department of State, statistical procedures
and U.S. and Foreign Customs Officials. -- Skill in working with operating
Adheres to FAA and ICAO rules and systems such as VMS or UNIX
regulations. Conducts frequent inter- NOTE: This position has a term up to
comparison flights which involve close September 30, 1989, with the possibility
formation flying of all facility aircraft of extension.
and on occasion with research aircraft Becky Campbell
operated by other agencies. Plans and
executes flight plans of a very complex
nature which require special coordination *STUDENT ASSISTANT II - #1035*
with both U.S. and foreign air traffic
control agencies. ACD - Atmospheric Odd Nitrogen Group of
REQUIREMENTS INCLUDE: the Air Chemistry Division
-- FAA Airline Transport Pilot certified Flat Rate
with L-188 type rating DUTIES INCLUDE: Maintenance of small
-- FAA First Class Medical Certificate parts, supplies, equipment inventories,
and ability to successfully pass NCAR and the laboratory; gas handling;
flight physical preventive maintenance and servicing of
-- Graduate of a formal pilot training equipment; data analysis using applica-
program tions software; computer operations;
-- B.S. in engineering or sciences OR assisting in the construction, operation,
equivalent combination of education and maintenance of scientific instrument-
and experience ation; maintaining documentation of tasks
-- Demonstrated skill in working as a performed; and participating in field
professional pilot work.
-- Demonstrated skill in conducting field REQUIREMENTS INCLUDE:
programs with little or no on-site -- Skill in working as a member of a
supervision multidisciplinary team
-- 5,000 flight hours, including 2,500 -- Skill in performing duties in a neat,
flight hours as pilot-in-command of accurate and safe manner
multi-engine airplanes, and 500 hours -- Skill in working with one or more of
as pilot-in-command of four-engine the following operating systems:
turbo-prop airplane MS-DOS, UNIX, CP/M, HP-Basic,
Debi Koepke HP-Pascal, MacIntosh, or Cray JCL
. -- Ability
to work irregular hours
over 70 pounds DIRECTOR OF NCAR - #1006
NCAR - Director's Office
when necessary Date first published in "Job Openings":
-- Willingness to travel during breaks November 23, 1988
for extended periods on field programs
-- Valid driver's license and driving
record which will comply with UCAR's MANAGER, STORM DATA CENTER - #1018
liability insurance requirements
MMM - STORM Project Office
Exempt Range: 60, $3,313 - 4,970/mo
*STUDENT ASSISTANT II - #1036* Date first published in "Job Openings:"
December 28, 1988
HAO - Administrative Research and Support
DUTIES INCLUDE: Unpacking and labeling NEW BUILDING PROJECT MANAGER - #1007
computer tapes; routine computer process-
ing of image data; updating a computer DIR - Director's Office
database; transferring images from one Exempt Range: 63, $4,287 - 6,430/mo
tape format to another; maintaining Date first published in "Job Openings:"
documentation on the status of archival December 28, 1988
image data; producing photographaphic
slides and prints from computer-generated
coronagraph images; labeling and organiz- SCIENTIFIC APPLICATIONS PROGRAMMER I -
ing photographic materials; identifying 1026
stars in C/P images; and simple analyses ATD - Surface and Sounding Systems
of coronagraph data using interactive Facility
software. Exempt Range: 53, $1,560 - 2,340 (.75
REQUIREMENTS INCLUDE: FTE)
-- Studies in one of the natural sciences Date first published in "Job Openings:"
and computer science January 11, 1989
-- Familiarity with the UNIX operating
-- Knowledge of C programming language SCIENTIST III OR SENIOR SCIENTIST -
-- Skill in written communication and #1020
-- Skill in performing work in a ATD - Surface and Sounding Systems
well-organized, thorough manner, while Facility (SSSF)
paying close attention to detail Exempt Range: 62, $3,827 - 5,740/mo
-- Ability to establish and maintain a 64, $4,150 - 6,917/mo
consistent schedule Date first published in "Job Openings:"
Becky Campbell December 28, 1988
The Institute for Naval Oceanography
We are still accepting applications for (INO) is pursuing the development and
positions listed below. For information demonstration of mesoscale eddy-resolving
on any of the following previously ocean prediction systems on a global
published job vacancies, please contact basis. Areas of particular interest
the Perscmnel/EOP office on extension include: the Gulf Stream region and
$693. North Atlantic basin, the California
Current region and North Pacific basin,
the coastal ocean, and the global ocean,
CHIEF, ADMINISTRATION GROUP - #1028 per se.
This position is open to UCAR/NCAR
currently seeking the following
persons for the following positions:
OCEAN ACOUSTICS MODELER
ATD - Research Aviation Facility (RAF)
Exempt Range: 53, $2,000 - 3,000/mo. Experienced senior-level modeler to lead
Date first published in "Job Openings:" projects in interfacing ocean and
January 11, 1989 acoustic models, and ocean acoustic
-- Ph.D. in physical oceanography, phy-
sics, engineering, or mathematics
-- Skill in acoustic and ocean modeling
as well as acoustic tomography
-- Strong intellectual and leadership
-- Skill in working with other ocean and
acoustic modelers at INO and in the
national academic community
-- Knowledge of the design of field ex-
periments and the analysis of field
Develops and maintains a variety of ap-
plication programs and on-line data bases
for the various modules of the nowcast
and forecast systems.
-- MS or BS in Computer Science
-- Skill in programming technical appli-
cations and databases
-- Skill in working in VAX and supercom-
Qualified applicants should submit re-
sumes to: Newton Spitzfaden, INSTITUTE
FOR NAVAL OCEANOGRAPHY, Stennis Space
Center, Mississippi, 39529-5005.
*Asterisked positions are appearing in
"Job Openings" for the first time.
1 1 41
13 FEBRUARY THROUGH 20 FEBRUARY
MONDAY, 13 February MONDAY, 20 February
" ATD Seminar - Numerical Simulations of Two HOLIDAY
Contrasting Microburst Events: The Denver
11 July 1988 and the MIST2O July 1986 Storms --
Fred Proctor, MESO, Inc., Hampton, VA
RL-6, Main Seminar Room, W-179
TUESDAY, 14 February
" CGD Seminar -- Coherent Wave-Mean Flow
Interactions in the Troposphere -- William
NCAR Mesa Lab, Main Seminar Room
WEDNESDAY, 15 February
THURSDAY, 16 February
" HAO Seminar -- Strong Langmuir Turbulence:
Scalings, Statistics, and the Solar Wind --
Peter Robinson, University of Colorado, Boulder
NCAR Mesa Lab, Main Seminar Room
" MMM Seminar -- Mufti-Grid Methods State of
the Art -- Steve McCormick, University of
RL-6, Main Seminar Room, W-179
FRIDAY, 17 February
" Climate Club Seminar -- Responses of
Forests to Global Warming -- Daniel Botkin,
University of California, Santa Barbara Calendar Notes announcements may be mailed to
Sheryl Meek, ML 140. Tuesday at 5:00 p.m. isthe
10:30 a.m. deadline for items to be included inCalendar Notes.
NCAR Mesa Lab, Main Seminar Room
National Center for Atmospheric Research
P.O. Box 3000 / Boulder, Colorado 80307 / U.S.A.
U.S. POSTAGE PAID
An Equal Opportunity/ Affirmative Action Employer Boulder, Colorado
Permit No. 558
Return postage guaranteed.