Topic—Age of Exploration
What is Global Exploration? Europeans
Exploring unknown regions of the world
What was a positive effect of used ______________________ to make their ships go
the currents and winds? Both good and bad effects
Good—helped ships move faster
What was a negative effect of Bad—blew ships off course
the currents and winds?
From Land to Sea
Marco Polo—_________________—connected China
Which explorer traveled the to Turkey
Silk Road—allowed Europeans to buy spices, silks, and
other Asian goods.
What was the Silk Road?
Blocked by ______________________
Why did the explorers have to
find a sea route?
Find new way to Asia by water-_______________ took
the lead in finding this new route
What country took the lead in
finding this new route?
Who opened a research center
to train sailors? ____________________-Portugal research center
Sent sailors to map coast of Africa—discovered
What caused the Portuguese sugarcane and began taking over land
empire to grow? Marked the start of the Portuguese empire
Across the Atlantic
What country did Columbus Columbus—sailed for _______________.
sail for? King Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain wanted to expand
trade and spread the Christian religion
Columbus took 3 ships---the Nina, the Pinta, and the
Thought he landed _________________________but
Where did Columbus actually it was actually the Americas---Spain had starting point
land? for an empire
Line of demarcation—between Spain & Portugal—
What was the line of Portugal wanted to protect its empire
demarcation and why was it Spain –_____________ & Portugal--_____________
created? Magellan—sailed for Spain--around the world
England, France, and Netherlands begin exploring too
Conquistadors from Spain claimed riches
Countries began to build empires
What areas did Spain settle?
What areas did Portugal
England & France:
What areas did England and
Global exploration by the Europeans began in the late 1400s. Currents and winds were
both helpful and harmful. The Silk Road couldn’t be used so explorers looked for water routes
to Asia. Portugal first sailed to Asia. Across the Atlantic, Spain and Portugal split the east and
western areas. England, France, and the Netherlands joined in the race for empires.