"The Science Knowledge Audit - DOC"
Primary and Early Years PGCE Pre-course science audit Instructions for Completion of Science Tasks The Bath Spa PGCE Primary Science Team is looking forward to working with you during the course. We will help you to gain confidence and expertise in teaching science by developing your subject knowledge and your understanding of how to teach science in an interesting, motivating and effective way. We ask that you complete two tasks. They are (1) A science knowledge audit and (2) A questionnaire – ‘Reflecting on your own science education’. Finally you will need to complete an Identification of Needs Sheet based on the audit. 1. Do not panic! You are not required to ‘know’ all the science included in the following audit at this point. The intention is that you begin to identify for yourself whether you have sufficient knowledge of different areas of science, in order to teach with confidence at the Foundation Stage and relevant Primary Phases. The science course at Bath Spa is very well evaluated by students and is designed by experienced tutors with your needs in mind. We will help you ‘fill the gaps’ in your knowledge, and perhaps more importantly, show you how to teach science in an enjoyable, practical and appropriate way. 2. Attempt the audit at your own pace. We ask that you allocate about 1½ hours to complete the following multiple choice questions. You could do this in two or three sittings. (You will see that some questions do not appear, just the words ‘not applicable’. Ignore these and go on to the next question.) You are not required to do any preparation – although you might want to think back to what you know about the different areas of science to be audited – Life process, materials and their properties, physical processes (light, sound, forces, electricity, the Earth and beyond). These areas are all aspects of the primary national curriculum and lay the foundations for later work in biology, chemistry and physics. All you need to complete the audit is a pen or pencil – mark what you think is the best answer for each question. 3. Mark your answers and record your result. Once you have completed all questions, mark the audit using the answers provided on Minerva. Note the concepts that caused you difficulty – e.g. ‘gravity’ or ‘voltage’. Record your results on the record sheet. The test begins on the next page; the questionnaire follows at the end. Good luck! Bath Spa University Primary and Early Years PGCE Science Knowledge pre-course audit Adapted from the UCLES Science Knowledge Audit and used with permission Page 1 of 14 The Bath Spa University Science Knowledge Audit 1. Which of the following (A-D) correctly completes the sentence below? 4. NOT APPLICABLE All living organisms: 5. Keeping healthy has mainly to do with A Excrete, grow, move, reproduce, respire, think A The influence of other and are sensitive to their people on the way we run our surroundings. lives. B Excrete, feed, grow, B Getting enough food and move, reproduce, respire exercise. and are sensitive to their surroundings. C Avoiding harmful substances which may damage C Excrete, grow, move, our health. mutate, respire and are sensitive to their D A variety of factors which surroundings. affect us mentally and physically. D Excrete, feed, grow, 6. What name is given to a group of reproduce, respire, signal organisms, with similar and are sensitive to their characteristics, which can breed surroundings. with each other to produce fertile offspring? 2. Which of the following (A-D) best describes the role of the A A clone. circulatory system in humans? B A family. 1. Carries food to body cells. C A genus. 2. Carries oxygen around the body. D A species. 3. Carries waste products. 7. Illustrated below are some 2 spot A 1, 2 and 3 ladybirds. Which biological feature does this represent? B 1 and 2 only C 2 and 3 only D 1 and 3 only 3. In living things, organs A Growth. A Consist of cells of the same type. B Reproduction. B Carry out a particular function. C Selection. C Are only concerned with D Variation. reproduction. D Have the capacity for regeneration. 8. NOT APPLICABLE Bath Spa University Primary and Early Years PGCE Science Knowledge pre-course audit Adapted from the UCLES Science Knowledge Audit and used with permission Page 2 of 14 9. For characteristics to be inherited 14. A habitat contains by living organisms A A wide variety of A Mutations occur within the cell of organisms. the organism. B Mainly one species. B There has to be a mutation of genes within cells. C Either plants or animals. C Asexual reproduction has to take D Equal numbers of place. producers and consumers. D Genetic material has to be passed from one generation to another. 15. In an ecosystem there is an interaction between all 10. NOT APPLICABLE A Plants living in a habitat. 11. Which of the following results in the least variation among offspring? B Animals living in a habitat. A Sexual reproduction C Plants and animals living in a habitat. B Asexual reproduction (cloning) D Plants and animals and their physical C Mutation environment. D Recombination of genetic 16. Which statement about bacteria is material. correct? 12. Our current understanding of A They always cause evolution is based on the idea that: diseases. A Changes which occur in living B They are only found in things are harmful to the species. living organisms. B Mutations of genes have led to C They are only found on beneficial changes. dead organisms. C There are a fixed number of living D They have a wide organisms. distribution. D Species which breed with other 17. NOT APPLICABLE species produce new organisms. 18. All materials are made up of 13. Scientists classify all living things elements. into which of these groups? About how many elements are A Plants and animals. there? B Plants, animals and fungi. A 10 C Plants, animals and B 20 bacteria. C 50 D Plants, animals, fungi and bacteria. D 100 Bath Spa University Primary and Early Years PGCE Science Knowledge pre-course audit Adapted from the UCLES Science Knowledge Audit and used with permission Page 3 of 14 19. What is formed when atoms of 24. The table gives information about different elements combine? the melting points and boiling points of four substances. Room A A new element temperature is about 20°C. B New atoms Substance Melting Boiling C A compound point /°C point /°C D A mixture P -95 111 Q 17 118 20. The forces holding atoms together R 114 183 are best called S 1455 2835 A Attachments. Which statement is correct? B Bonds. A Substance P will freeze solid on a very cold day. C Joins. B Substance Q could be a D Links. liquid on some days and solid on others. 21. NOT APPLICABLE C Substance R never forms 22. Which of the following is an a liquid. example of a chemical reaction? D Substance S cannot A Ice melting. evaporate. B Iron rusting. 25. A substance such as ice becomes liquid when heated. C Salt dissolving in water. When this happens, the particles D Sugar crystallising. A Gain energy. 23. Physical changes involve changes in the arrangements and spacing B Lose energy. of particles, but no new substances are formed. C Produce energy. Which of the following is an D Use energy. example of a physical change? A Baking a cake 26. A drop of water contains B Milk going sour A One molecule of water. C Petrol burning B One hundred molecules of water. D Water evaporating C One thousand molecules of water. D Millions of molecules of water. Bath Spa University Primary and Early Years PGCE Science Knowledge pre-course audit Adapted from the UCLES Science Knowledge Audit and used with permission Page 4 of 14 27. A dish of warm water is left to 29. A closed jar containing ice cubes evaporate. Which of the following is placed on a balance. The statements about evaporation is true? reading is noted. After an hour the ice cubes have melted. Which A A dish of cold water would one of these statements is evaporate more quickly. correct? B A liquid with a higher A The reading is more boiling point than water because ice cubes float. would evaporate more quickly. B The reading is less because the volume of the C Molecules with higher- ice cubes has decreased. than-average energy escape from the surface. C The reading is less because water is less D Warm water would dense than ice. evaporate more slowly on a windy day. D The reading stays the same because mass is 28. The reaction of hydrogen and neither lost nor gained. iodine can be represented by 30. Particles called electrons are present. A In all forms of matter. B Only in matter which conducts electricity. C Only in liquid or solid matter. D Only in matter which has a charge of electricity passing through it. In this reaction 31. Copper wire is a good electrical A Bonds between hydrogen conductor because atoms are formed. A Some electrons in the B Bonds between iodine metal can move easily atoms are formed. within the wire. C Bonds between hydrogen B The particles of copper atoms and iodine atoms can move easily within the are formed. wire. D No bonds are broken or C It is encased in plastic. formed. D Copper already contains electricity. Bath Spa University Primary and Early Years PGCE Science Knowledge pre-course audit Adapted from the UCLES Science Knowledge Audit and used with permission Page 5 of 14 32. The electrical resistance of a 35. The voltage of a torch battery is conductor is 1.5 volts. This is a measure of A The measure of the A The size of the battery. difficulty of the flow of electrons through the B The strength of the battery conductor. to drive the current. B A measure of density of C The electrical current the conductor. coming from the battery. C A measure of the flow of D How much energy the electricity through the battery starts with. conductor. 36. D The measure of the voltage which has passed through the conductor. 33. The batteries in a torch make the bulb light because they A Transmit electricity to the bulb through the air like radio waves. When this circuit is complete B Give out chemicals which A The bulb transfers power pass around the circuit from the battery. and are used up. B The battery gains energy C Push the electrons round from the bulb and the circuit in one direction. becomes warm. D Make electrons flow C The bulb transfers the outwards to the light bulb energy stored in the where they are used up. battery to light and heat. 34. In a complete circuit, the flow of D The potential energy is electricity controlled by the length of the electrical wire. A Is the same through the switch, through the bulb 37. A table lamp is designed to take a and along the wire. bulb of 100 watts maximum. B Is greater through the wire Watts are a measure of in the bulb than elsewhere in the circuit. A The rate at which energy is transferred to the bulb. C Is less through the wire in the bulb than elsewhere in B The current which flows the circuit. through the bulb. D Is less at the end of its C The voltage needed to journey than at the light the bulb. beginning. D The size of the bulb. Bath Spa University Primary and Early Years PGCE Science Knowledge pre-course audit Adapted from the UCLES Science Knowledge Audit and used with permission Page 6 of 14 38. What happens when electrons travel through the filament of a light bulb? 40. Two small bar magnets are suspended by threads 10 cm apart. A They escape from the Which one of these pictures shows how filament, glowing brightly. they will come to rest? B They cause friction which heats the filament and emits light. C They collide with fixed atoms in the filament causing them to vibrate, get hot and emit light. D They carry heat from the battery to light the filament. 39. Which one of these pictures is a circuit diagram? A B 41. When the magnet is moved from side to side, the nail moves with it. C D This happens because the A Particles in the nail vibrate causing it to move. B Table transmits the magnetic force. C Nail uses up some of the magnetism in the magnet. D Magnetic force acts through the table. 42. NOT APPLICABLE Bath Spa University Primary and Early Years PGCE Science Knowledge pre-course audit Adapted from the UCLES Science Knowledge Audit and used with permission Page 7 of 14 43. A weight-lifter lifts a bar. Which 47. The diagrams show a space one of these statements is correct? shuttle on its launch pad and then moving through space in a straight A The weight-lifter uses line. energy to exert a force on the bar. B The force of the bar uses up the weight-lifter’s energy. C The weight-lifter uses force to exert energy on the bar. Which pair of statements about D The energy in the bar the forces acting on the shuttle are uses up the weight-lifter’s true? force. 44. Which of the following is a fuel On the In space the which can be used to generate electricity? launch pad, forces are: forces are: A Oil A Balanced Balanced B Balanced Unbalanced B Solar energy C Unbalanced Balanced D Unbalanced Unbalanced C Magnetism 48. A child drops a ball D Water What forces are acting on the ball after it leaves their hand? 45. Which of the following is not an example of an energy transfer? A A book resting on a table B A candle burning C A person walking up stairs D A radio playing 46. What happens to the energy which someone puts into riding a bicycle? A It is used up and destroyed B It is all transferred into movement energy C It is transferred into movement and other forms of energy D Some of it is destroyed and the rest is stored in the bicycle Bath Spa University Primary and Early Years PGCE Science Knowledge pre-course audit Adapted from the UCLES Science Knowledge Audit and used with permission Page 8 of 14 49. A large downward force is applied 52. A car will move away more easily to this sponge. from a stationary position on a dry road rather than on a wet road. This is because there is A Less friction between the tyres and the road surface when it is dry B Greater friction between the tyres and the road What will be the new shape of the surface when it is dry sponge as the force is applied? C No friction between the tyres and the road surface when it is wet D Greater friction between the tyres and the road surface when it is wet 50. The engine of a moving boat is turned off. Which two forces cause the 53. Forces are measured in: boat to slow down and stop? A Newtons A Air resistance and weight resistance B Kilowatts B Air resistance and water C Kilograms resistance D Volts C Upthrust and water resistance 54. The mass of an object is: D Weight resistance and water resistance A The amount of space it takes up, measured in metres 51. A person pushes a pram at a cubed steady speed along a level pavement. Why do they need to B The amount of matter in it, keep pushing just to keep the measured in kilograms speed constant? C Its capacity, measured in A To balance air resistance litres and upthrust D Its density, measured in B To balance air resistance kilograms per metres cubed and weight C To balance friction and air resistance D To balance friction and weight Bath Spa University Primary and Early Years PGCE Science Knowledge pre-course audit Adapted from the UCLES Science Knowledge Audit and used with permission Page 9 of 14 55. Which pair of statements is 58. Why does an object weigh less on correct? the Moon than it does on the Earth? Gravitational The size of A There is no gravitational attraction pull: force on the Moon exists between: B There is less gravitational A Planets and Depends on force on the Moon objects close mass of to them only objects C The object has less mass B Objects Does not on the Moon which are depend on very close mass of D The Moon is more together only objects massive than the Earth C Earth and Does not objects near depend on 59. An astronaut standing on the its surface mass of Moon dropped a hammer and a objects or the feather together from the same distance they height. There is no air resistance are apart on the Moon. What happened? D All objects of Depends on any mass mass of A The hammer landed first objects and the distance B The hammer and the they are apart feather landed at the same time 56. Why does a brick on the Earth have weight? C The hammer and the feather did not move A Air pressure pushes it towards the centre of the Earth D The feather landed first B Air pressure pushes it 60. Two cars are advertised for sale. towards the Moon The saloon car can go from nought to sixty mph in 12.5 C Gravitational force attracts seconds. The sports car can go it towards the centre of the Earth from nought to sixty mph in 8.1 seconds. D Gravitational force pushes it away from the centre of the What does this tell us about the Earth two cars? A The saloon car is faster than the sports car 57. A piece of rock is brought back to Earth from the Moon. What B The sports car is faster happens to its mass and the than the saloon car amount of matter it contains? C The saloon car has better acceleration than the Mass Amount of sports car matter A Decreases Decreases D The sports car has better B Decreases Stays the acceleration than the same saloon car C Stays the Stays the same same D Stays the Decreases same Bath Spa University Primary and Early Years PGCE Science Knowledge pre-course audit Adapted from the UCLES Science Knowledge Audit and used with permission Page 10 of 14 61. A torch shines on a screen. A 63. Mirrors are able to form a clear solid ball is put in the way. image because light is Which diagram shows how the A transmitted from the mirror shadow is formed? B Absorbed by the mirror C Reflected by the mirror D Scattered by the mirror 64. A green T-shirt looks green when viewed in white light because A It absorbs green light only B It scatters green light, but absorbs other colours C No light is scattered D It scatters all the colour in white light 65. We are able to see a book because A light is scattered by the book and enters our eyes B Our eyes reflect light from the book C Light is absorbed by the book D The book transmits light rays to our eyes 62. One way to show that sunlight contains light of different wavelengths would be by using: 66. All sounds are produced by something A A prism to make a ‘rainbow’ A Compressing B A mirror to make a B Decompressing reflection C Vibrating C A light meter to measure brightness D Percussing D A hand lens to forma an 67. If we alter the frequency of a image sound we change its A Loudness B Pitch C Speed D Amplitude Bath Spa University Primary and Early Years PGCE Science Knowledge pre-course audit Adapted from the UCLES Science Knowledge Audit and used with permission Page 11 of 14 68. Sounds are heard when vibrations 71. At different times of the month the from an object… Moon looks a different shape. A Enter the ear and travel along tubes into the brain This is because B Echo close to the A The Earth casts a shadow eardrums causing on the Moon impulses to be carried by nerves to the brain B Clouds hide part of the Moon C Cause the eardrums to vibrate and impulses to be C The Moon passes behind carried by nerves to the a planet brain D Half the Moon is lit by the D Are reflected by the Sun but we see it from a eardrums causing different angle impulses to be carried by nerves to the brain 72. It is colder during the winter because 69. Which of the following statements about the Sun is correct? A The solar cycle makes the Sun vary in brightness A It is the largest star in our during the year galaxy and is at the centre of the Milky Way B There are more clouds during the winter, which B It is the nearest star to the shield the Sun’s heat Earth and it is the centre of our Solar System. C the Earth is further from the Sun during the winter C It is the only star in our galaxy and is part of the D The tilt of the Earth means Solar System that the Sun is lower in the sky in winter D It is the largest star in our galaxy and orbits the 73. Day and night occur because the Earth once every 24 hours A Sun rotates 70. The planets, in order of distance B Earth rotates from the Sun are A Mercury, Venus, Earth, C Sun goes round the Earth Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and D Earth goes round the Sun Pluto B Earth, Mercury, Venus, Saturn, Mars, Jupiter, END Uranus, Pluto and Neptune Now mark your audit using the answers provided and record the results using the C Mercury, Mars, Jupiter, record sheet. Earth, Saturn, Neptune, Pluto, Neptune and Venus D Venus, Earth, Mercury, Mars, Saturn, Jupiter, Pluto, Uranus and Neptune Bath Spa University Primary and Early Years PGCE Science Knowledge pre-course audit Adapted from the UCLES Science Knowledge Audit and used with permission Page 12 of 14 BATH SPA UNIVERSITY PGCE Primary and Early Years Science Reflecting on your own science education, experiences and attitudes to science. Name: Your own science education What do you recollect about the science education you have experienced so far? (E.g. the teachers, the curriculum, the teaching approaches) Have you had any ‘Eureka’ moments during your science education – when a science idea has suddenly ‘clicked’? What experiences brought about the new understanding? With which areas of scientific knowledge do you feel most & least comfortable? Has the audit confirmed this? Science & society How do you view science and the work of scientists? Give some examples of how science affects your own life. Can we all ‘get by’ without knowing any science? Bath Spa University Primary and Early Years PGCE Science Knowledge pre-course audit Adapted from the UCLES Science Knowledge Audit and used with permission Page 13 of 14 How have your attitudes to science been formed? What do you think are the most important reasons to have a scientific education? As a teacher of science. Which aspects of science in schools are you most looking forward to and what are your main concerns about teaching science? What kind of teacher of science would you like to be? Bath Spa University Primary and Early Years PGCE Science Knowledge pre-course audit Adapted from the UCLES Science Knowledge Audit and used with permission Page 14 of 14