Psychology I by prw4sQv

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									                                 Psychology I
                               Final Study Guide

Identify and define.       Split-Brain operation            Pre-conventional
                           Corpus callosum              Level
Goals of Psychology        Prenatal Period                  Conventional Level
Central Nervous System         Germinal Stage               Post-conventional
Neurotransmitters              Embryonic Stage          Level
Id                             Fetal Stage              Different parts of the eye
Ego                        Placenta                         Cornea
Superego                   Teratogens                       Pupil
Conscious                  Fetal Alcohol Syndrome           Iris
Preconscious               Developmental norms              Lens
Unconscious                Attachment                       Retina
Sigmund Freud              Secure attachment            Rods
Six Modern Approaches      Insecure attachment          Cones
to Psychology              Longitudinal research        Transduction
Wilhelm Wundt              Cross-Sectional research     Different parts of the ear
Afferent neurons           Piaget’s Theory                 Outer ear
Efferent neurons               Sensorimotor stage                External ear
Interneuron                    Preoperational stage              Auditory canal
Nervous system                 Concrete stage                    Tympanic
Central Nervous System         Formal stage             membrane
Peripheral Nervous         Freud’s Psychosexual             Middle ear
System                     Stages                                Ossicles
Somatic Nervous System         Oral stage                   Inner ear
Autonomic Nervous              Anal stage                        Cochlea
System                         Phallic stage                     Basilar membrane
Sympathetic Division           Latency stage                     Auditory nerve
Parasympathetic Division       Genital Stage            Vestibular system
Brain                      Erikson’s Psychosocial       Semicircular canals
Forebrain                  Stages                       Four basic tastes
Midbrain                       Trust vs. Mistrust       Taste buds
Hindbrain                      Autonomy vs. Shame       Flavor
Pons                       and Doubt                    Olfaction
Medulla                        Initiative vs. Guilt     Skin
Cerebellum                     Industry vs.             Sensory adaptation
Frontal Lobe               Inferiority                  Absolute threshold
Parietal Lobe                  Identity vs. Role        Just Noticeable
Temporal Lobe              Confusion                    Difference
Occipital Lobe                 Intimacy vs. Isolation   Placebo effect
Limbic System                  Generativity vs.         Pain
Hypothalamus               Stagnation                   Gate control theory of
MRI                            Integrity vs. Despair    pain
fMRI                       Kohlberg’s Theory of         Changing from sensation
PET                        Moral Reasoning              to perception
Structuralists            Activation Synthesis      Limited Capacity
Gestalt Psychologists     Theory                    Chunking
Organizational rules      Spiritual World           Rehearsing
    Fugure ground         Sleep Problems            Declarative Memory
    Similarity            Insomnia                  Non-declarative Memory
    Closure               Sleep Treatment           Recall
    Proximity             Sleep Apnea               Recognition
    Simplicity            Narcolepsy                Network Theory
    Continuity            Night Terrors             Network Hierarchy
Perceptual constancy      Nightmares                Forgetting
Size constancy            Hypnosis                  Repression
Shape constancy           Classical Conditioning    Retrieval Cues
Brightness and color      Neutral stimulus          Amnesia
constancy                 Unconditioned stimulus    Interference
Depth perception          (UCS)                     Mnemonic Methods
Binocular cues            Unconditioned response    False Memories
Monocular cues            (UCR)                     Motivation
Linear perspective        Conditioned stimulus      Instinct theory
Relative size             (CS)                      Fixed Action Pattern
Interposition             Conditioned response      Drive-reduction theory
Light and shadow          (CR)                      Need
Texture gradient          Operant Conditioning      Drive
Atmospheric perspective   Shaping                   Homeostasis
Motion parallax           Reinforcement             Incentive theory
Consciousness             Punishment                Cognitive theory
Controlled Processes      Positive reinforcement    Extrinsic Motivation
Automatic Processes       Negative reinforcement    Intrinsic Motivation
Daydreaming               Primary reinforcer        Biological needs
Altered States            Secondary reinforcer      Social Needs
Sleep and Dreams          Positive punishment       Maslow’s Hierarchy of
Unconscious/Implicit      Negative punishment       needs (5 levels)
Memory                    Social Cognitive Theory   Hunger
Unconsciousness           Bobo Doll experiment      Biological Hunger factors
Biological Clock          Learning process          Psychosocial Hunger
Circadian Rhythm                  Attention         factors
Stage 1 of Sleep                  Memory            Genetic Hunger factors
Stage 2 of Sleep                  Imitation         Sexual Behavior
Stage 3 of Sleep                  Motivation        Genetic sex factors
Stage 4 of Sleep          Sensory Memory            Biological sex factors
REM                       Short-Term Memory         Psychosocial sex factors
Sleep Cycles              Long-Term Memory          Emotion
The Repair Theory         Encoding                  James-Lang theory
Adaptive Theory           Memory Process            Facial Feedback theory
Freud’s Dream Theory      Iconic Memory             Cognitive Appraisal
Extensions of Waking      Echoic Memory             Theory
Life                      Limited Duration          Affective-Primacy theory

								
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