Test Taking Strategies - UNC SON

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Test Taking Strategies - UNC SON Powered By Docstoc
					   Study Skills and
Test Taking Strategies

     Kathy Alden, RN, MSN, IBCLC
         Academic Counselor
Preparing for Class

   Look over chapter
   Read outline and course
    objectives
   Do readings, make notes
   Look up new terminology
   Write down ?’s to ask in class
Getting the Most from
Lectures

   Sit near front
   Change seats occasionally
   Focus on content, not on
    instructor
   Be alert for repetition of
    concepts
Getting the Most from
Lectures
PAY ATTENTION TO VERBAL TIPS:
  reading from text
  enumerations
  terminology
OBSERVE SUBTLE CUES
  louder voice
  repeating idea
  pausing for you to write
  hand gestures
END OF LECTURE: STAY FOCUSED
Tips on Taking Notes
   Clean paper, one side only
   Wide margins
   Powerpoint slides
   Date, title, and number pages
   Use abbreviations
   Write legibly
   Highlight important points (COLOR)
   Retype on word processor
   Compare with others
   LISTEN!!! LISTEN!!! LISTEN!!!
Study Groups

   Forming the group
   Conducting the group
       Assign tasks
       Test each other
       Practice teaching
       Compare notes
       Brainstorm questions
       Set an agenda
       Pair off to do book reports
       Prepare study questions to teach others
        in group
Memory Techniques


   Organize the info

     General to specific
     Meaningful
     Associations
Memory Techniques

   Use your body

     Learn actively
     Be relaxed, but mentally alert

     Picture it

     Recite, Repeat, Write
Memory Techniques

   Use your brain

     Reduce   interference
     Use daylight

     Overlearn

     Distribute learning
Memory Techniques


   Recall it

     Remember     in association
     Notice remembering

     Use it or lose it
Before a test…

   Manage review time
       Daily, weekly, major reviews
   Create review tools
       Checklists, mind maps, flash
        cards
   Plan a strategy
     Study guides, dry test run,
      instructor expectations
     Join a study group
Before a test….


   Avoid marathon study sessions
   Don’t review right before a test
   Get a good night’s sleep two
    nights before a test
   Don’t work the day before
   EAT BREAKFAST!!!
During the test…

   Arrive early
   Avoid discussing habits with
    other students
   Jot down memory aids
   Scan entire test
   Use memory techniques when
    stuck
   Pace yourself
Multiple Choice Questions

   Answer easy ones first
   Answer each question before
    looking at answers
   Mark a question if you are
    having trouble and come back to
    it
   Only if you have misread the
    question should you change
    your answer
Guidelines for Test-taking
Success in Nursing School

   Know the parts of the question
       Background, stem, options
   Read carefully before looking at
    the options
       Key words: except, primary, initial,
        best, most
Guidelines for Test-taking
Success in Nursing School

   ID theme of item and use info
    given

   Answer difficult questions by
    eliminating obviously incorrect
    responses first
Guidelines for Test-taking
Success in Nursing School

   Always select the most
    therapeutic and respectful
    response
   Eliminate bizarre, inappropriate,
    and punitive responses
   Know basic nursing principles
Guidelines for Test-taking
Success in Nursing School

   Manage time
   Do not change answers without
    good reason
   Choose options within realm of
    nursing judgment vs physician
    judgment
Priority Setting

   What action takes priority?
   What should the nurse do first?
   What should the nurse do
    initially?
   What is essential for the nurse
    to do?
   Look for key words….
       All, nothing, every, always, only,
        rarely, never.
Sample

    All of the following behaviors are
     typical of a three year old except:
a.   Putting on make up and playing
     grown up
b.   Reciting address and phone
     number
c.   Throwing a ball about 5 feet
d.   Identifying animals from a picture
     book
Sample
    A husband was admitted to the ER in DTs.
     This admission is his third visit in two weeks.
     While waiting to see her husband, the wife
     said to the nurse: “What in the world can I do
     to help my husband get over this drinking
     problem?”. The best initial response for the
     nurse is:
a.   “Don’t feel guilty. I know this must be difficult
     for you”.
b.   “Let’s go into the lounge so we can talk more
     about your concern”.
c.   “You need to convince him to seek
     professional help”.
d.   “How long has your husband been drinking?”
Sample
    A 58 year old is recovering from a
     prostatectomy. His urinary output in the past
     2 days has been satisfactory. However, the
     nurse now notices that it is becoming
     increasingly bloody. The nurse’s first action is
     to:

a.   Irrigate the foley
b.   Notify the physician
c.   Take vital signs
d.   Empty the drainage bag
WHEN THE TEST IS OVER…

   REWARD YOURSELF!!!!

				
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