Book off tthe Montth
Book o he Mon h
1. General Information About the Book of the Month
The book of II Samuel records the life of First an Second Samuel were originally one
David as king book in the Hebrew Bible
The author of I and II Samuel wrote about the The Greek Septuagint an Latin Vulgate first
main events in the lives of Samuel, Saul and divided the Hebrew into two books
David. A collection of eyewitness accounts, archival
First and Second Samuel are named for he materials, independent narratives and poetry
principle character in the early chapters of the
Book of Number of
Author Testament or Location Number of Verses
the Bible Chapters
II Samuel Anonymous Old Testament Tenth 24 695
2. About the Author
Per Jewish tradition the Books of Samuel were The book‟s variety of sources have been integrated
authored by Samuel and completed by the prophets into a unified work with a consistent theme
Nathan and Gad
A complete work of more than one hand
It is important to understand who these Books of the Bible are speaking to and some of their challenges.
Book of Description of the
Category Audience Message
the Bible Audience
A people who insisted on a united God consolidated the kingdom through the
kingdom under the ruling authority reign of David, who unified the nation,
of a king conquered Israel‟s foes, and received God‟s
covenantal promise of an eternal dynasty
and kingdom. Through David sinned, God‟s
II Samuel History Israel grace proved greater than David‟s sin.
Though David suffered consequences of his
sin, God continued to watch over him and
preserve his rule. Through David, God
blessed Israel with its next king (Solomon)
and, in time, with Jesus, its Messiah.
4. Popular Bible Stories
Popular Bible stories and Characters in II Samuel
Book of Main
Bible Story Location Bible Story Summary
the Bible Characters
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Saul began his career standing and ended
falling. Saul was head and shoulders above
everybody else but he was not heart and soul
yielded to God. God gave Saul‟s throne to
David. David obeyed God‟s Word and gained a
II Samuel David‟s Mourns David kingdom. David‟s men executed the Amalekite
1:1-27 for his alleged deed. David mourned the deaths
of Saul and Jonathan. His sorrowful refrain
“How the mighty have fallen!” expressed tribute
to these great men whom David loved and
David‟s tribe of Judah anointed him king and
set up his headquarters in Hebron. Abner
Saul‟s cousin and commander of his army
made Saul‟s son king in open defiance of God‟s
will we cause division and bring destruction.
Three murders occurred before David became
David Anointed at II Samuel
II Samuel David king.
Hebron 2:1-32 Asahel‟s death – Chapter 2
Abner‟s death – Chapter 3
Ishbosheth‟s death – Chapter 4
Had everybody put the glory of
God and the good of the nation first tragedies
would have been avoided
Trusting in the Lord‟s, David went “from
strength to strength” He was God‟s anointed
and knew that God would fulfill His promise and
make him king over all Israel. When you walk
God Strengthens II Samuel
II Samuel David by faith you can wait on Him. David‟s way of life
David 3:1-39 was reconciliation he was a peacemaker. David
was strong yet he was weak. We cannot control
circumstances and people but we can control
what we say and do.
The murder of Ishosheth was by two men who did not
know David‟s heart. They thought the act would
David Avenges II Samuel
II Samuel David please David and perhaps win them key positions in
Saul‟s House 4:1-12 David‟s kingdom. David was not pleased at what they
When God‟s king ruled over His people there was
David Reigns II Samuel unity instead of division and civil war. All Israel
II Samuel from Jerusalem 5:1-25
David submitted to God and to David and there was peace
among the brethren.
Fervor – David wanted to honor God by having the
ark in the new capital of the land, Jerusalem. The
plan had all the marks of success: thirty thousand
choice men assisted him, and he people wee
enthusiastic. David had lived among the Philistines so
long that he unconsciously adopted their methods
and ignored the law of God.
Fear – If the ark had been on the shoulders of the
Levites God would not have judged Uzzah and David
would not have been afraid. God‟s throne does not
II Samuel David an need man‟s hand to keep it steady and safe.
II Samuel The Ark of God Faith – David was not one to quit because of a
mistake so he did it again – God‟s way David
expressed his worship and praise publicly without
shame and God accepted them.
Folly – Full of joy, David came home to bless his
family, only to have Michal ridicule him. Not
everybody gets the blessing and some people resent
it when others get blessed. She was unspiritual and
unsympathetic and as a result she became unfruitful.
Michael was David‟s first wife, and she no doubt
resented the other wives I the home.
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David wanted to build a house for the Lord but God
would not permit him to do so. David was
disappointed and his responses show us how to
handle the disappointment of life.
He submitted to God’s will. David humbly accepted
God‟s plan and did not try to change God‟s mind. He
The Lord‟s realized that God knows best.
II Samuel He listened to God’s word. God would build a house
II Samuel Covenant with David
7:1-29 for David. The immediate reference is to Solomon,
but ultimately the promise refers to Jesus Christ, the
Son of David. God says no to something it is so that
He may say yes to something better.
He gave himself to worship. David‟s words in
verses (18-29) emphasize the greatness and he
grace of God.
David‟s name is found twenty-one in chapter 8. God
magnified David‟s name because David did the will of
God gave David victory and David used each victory
II Samuel to serve the Lord. David knew that he would not build
II Samuel David‟s Victory David the temple but he risked his life to gather the wealth
Solomon would need to do the job.
David recovered lost territory and gained new territory
a good example for us to follow in our spiritual walk
Kindness is the key theme of this chapter. Kindness is
a fruit of the Spirit and an evidence of love. As a part
of the family of Saul, Mephibosheth had no claims on
the kingdom yet David treated him like one of his own
sons. He did it for the sake of Jonathan in order to
David‟s Kindness II Samuel David keep his covenant. God has saved us form the sake
II Samuel of His Son a part of the eternal covenant of
to Mephibosheth 9:1-13 Mephibosheth
Mephilbosheth did not need to fear because David
would keep his word. The lame prince would have all
his needs met and sit with the kind everyday. There
was nothing to worry about.
David„s kindness to Mephibosheth was accepted but
his gesture of kindness to Hanun was rejected and
led to the death of nearly fifty thousand men. Hanun‟s
David Defeats the counselors were suspicious of David and questioned
II Samuel Ammonites and David his motives because they judged David on the basis
10:1-19 of what they would have done.
The King‟s servants are sometimes treated badly but
they need not fret their King has everything in control
and some things heal with time. God cars for His own.
Disobedience – David was in more danger in
Jerusalem than with his army on the battlefield. He
laid aside his armor allowed his eyes to wander and
lust took over
Deception – David the adulterer became a liar and a
II Samuel David‟s Sin David schemer and then a murder. Uriah was one of David‟s
11:1-27 mighty men. While David was sinning Uriah and his
fellow solders were risking their lives for him on the
Displeasure – From the human point of view the
scheme worked, but God was not pleased.
Chastening – For a year David hid his sins and
suffered under the chastening hand of God. God gave
David opportunity for repentance but be refused to
yield. Chastening proves God‟s love to us our yielding
proves our love to Him.
Conviction – David paid fourfold for his sins: the
baby died, his daughter Tamar was raped, and his
Nathan‟s Oracle II Samuel sons Absalom and Amnon were killed
II Samuel David Confession – The Law said that both David and
against David 12:1-31
Bathsheba should die. In His grace God forgave their
sins but in His government He permitted them to reap
what they had sown.
Comfort – God gave David another son and another
crown. Saul lost his crown because he would not
repent but David always confessed his sin and rested
on God‟s mercy.
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David reaped the harvest of wowing to the flesh, the
painful consequences of forgiven sin. Posses by lust
Amnon made arrangements to sin. He knew that he
was breaking god‟s law by violating a virgin whom he
could not wed. Lust was replaced by hatred for both
are born of violence and hatred resulted in Tamar‟s
Absalom Murders II Samuel
II Samuel David being ostracized in Israel.
Amnon 13:1-39 David anger may have been restrained by his
conscience for he did nothing to punish Amnon.
Absalom plotted, waited and then avenged his sister
by killing Amnon. David has now lost two sons to
death and one to exile, and the situation will grow
Nathan had told a story to help David do a right thing,
Absalom Returns II Samuel repent of his sins. This woman told a story to
II Samuel David encourage David to do a wrong thing, restore
to David 14:1-33
Absalom with out first insisting on repentance.
Enticement – Absalom represented everything that
God hates. Many in Israel were deceived by him and
believed his flattery and lies. They should have
remained loyal to the Lord and to David but recall hat
the crowd did to the Son of David.
Escape – David‟s servants were ready to obey and
II Samuel Absalom‟s Coup David ready to die. Ittai was a foreigner yet he stayed with
15:1-37 the king. The priests and David‟s counselor returned
to the place of danger. David was a man of prayer,
but he also used wise strategy. Ahithophel
abandoned David and joined the rebellion. But he
was Bathsheba‟s grandfather so he took the
opportunity for revenge.
The liar – Ziba was an opportunist who took
advantage of both David and Mephibosheth.
The accuser – Shimei was related to Saul and
blamed David for the destruction of Saul and blamed
David for the destruction of Saul‟s family and
kingdom. David patiently “took it” and left the matter
David‟s Anguish II Samuel with the Lord.
II Samuel in Fight 16:1-23
David The avenger – Abishai was usually quick to declare
war, but David took the better approach.
The traitor – Ahithophel had been David‟s esteemed
counselor, but he turned traitor and sided with
Absalom. He was the “Judas” in the camp. David
prayed about the problem and trusted God to work
and He did.
Hushai was master of metaphors, and God used his
skillful way with words to defeat Absalom. He
compared David to an angry bear. Then he appealed
to Absalom‟s pride by telling him to lead a large army
and defeat David himself coming upon David‟s men
“as the dew falls”. Absalom pictured himself as the
conquering general and pride did the rest.
God Frustrates David owed his life to the brave men who stayed in
II Samuel Ahithophel‟s David Jerusalem and kept the king informed of Absalom‟s
17:1-29 plans and also to an anonymous woman who
protected the messengers. The people who helped
him at Mahanaim were a gift of God. Joacob saw
angels at Mahanaim but David‟s “angels” were loving
people who cared for him. Ahithopel saw that
Absalom who lose the battle, and like Judas, he
committed suicide. He could counsel others but he
did not wisely counsel himself.
Two armies – David wanted love without justice, but
with Joab it was justice without love.
Two monuments – Absalom set up monuments to
their memory but what do we remember about them.
II Samuel Absalom‟s Death David Joab and his men built the true monument. A heap of
18:1-13 stones over the dead body of a proud rebel.
Two messages – Ahimaaz and ambition and ability
but he lacked the maturity needed to minister to the
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Making wounds – Joab had to hurt David to help
him: “faithful are the wounds of a friend”. David‟s
sorrow over his dead son almost cost him the
Healing wounds – David declared an amnesty
King David II Samuel
II Samuel David except in certain cases. The tribes brought him back;
Returns 19:1-43 he forgave Simei and Mephibosheth; he rewarded
Opening wounds – David faced a new rebellion.
Instead of using the soft answer the men of Judah
held to their rights and made the situation worse.
Sheba saw the tribal conflict as an opportunity for
promoting himself. Because he was a Benjamite he
hoped to get broad support form Saul‟s friends and
David‟s enemies and he almost succeeded. Once
again the people deserted God‟s chosen king for an
Amasa was chosen t lead David‟s army to victory but
II Samuel Sheba‟s Revolt David he delayed and lost his opportunity for greatness.
20:1-26 Joab seized the opportunity removed his replacement
won the battle and got his job back Joab had
murdered Abner, Absalom and Amasa yet David
apparently did nothing to discipline him. Perhaps
Joab knew too much about David.
The wise woman saw an opportunity to end the war
and prevent may innocent people from being killed.
God kept His promise – If the nation obeyed God‟s
law He promised to bless them with rain and plenty
but if they disobeyed He would discipline them. God
often sent famines to discipline His people.
Saul Broke a promise – Israel‟s covenant with
Gibeon had been honored for centuries and then Saul
David kept a promise – The law demanded fair and
God Avenges the II Samuel
II Samuel David equal punishment for each crime. Saul had killed
Gibeonites 21:1-22 innocent people so his family had to pay the price to
purge the innocent blood from the land. David kept
his promise to Mephibosheth and to Jonathan by
sparing Mephibosheth‟s life. David also saw to it that
the dead in Saul‟s family had decent burial.
David made a promise – Giants have a way of
multiplying and David discovered that he was to the
giant killer he had been in his youth.
David did not take credit for any of his victories he
gave the glory to God. He was not ashamed to admit
hat he had cried to God for deliverance and strength.
David‟s David obeyed the Word of God and trusted God to
II Samuel Thanksgiving David keep His promise and put him on the throne of Israel.
22:1-51 As he looked back on those years of danger and
difficulty David did not see the hardness of life he saw
the gentleness of God. David affirmed that the yoke
was easy and the burden was light.
Leaders – Earlier in his reign, David wrote a long
psalm about victory but when he closes his life he
wrote a beautiful brief song about leadership.
Leaders must be called of God an empowered
They must be taught the Word of God by the
Spirit of God
Oracle of David They must be men and Women of character
II Samuel who fear God
II Samuel and the Mighty David They are ruling for God, not for self
Men Saul brought darkness t the land, but David brought
Saul caused storms but David brought calm after the
storm and caused the storms to produce fruit
Followers – Those men were so close to David that
his whispered desires became their marching orders.
David loved them so much that he would not selfishly
enjoy what had cost them dearly
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A stubborn heart – In his pride David numbered the
people but he did not connect the census with the
redemption money and seek to honor God. The Lord
gave David nine months to change his mind, just long
enough for sin to give birth to death.
A smitten heart – David‟s sin was a sin of he will so
God asked him to make some decision
God Punishes II Samuel A suffering heart – David had a shepherd‟s heart and
II Samuel David longed to deliver his people
Proud David 24:1-25
A sacrificing heart – David did not take the easy
way out. His repentance was sincere, and he paid the
full price to prove it. Solomon built the temple on the
property that David purchased for his altar. Solomon
was the son of Bathsheba. What amazing grace that
God could take David‟s two great sins and build a
temple out of them.
5. Practical Application
How to take the Bible message and use it in daily life situations and obtain a stronger relationship with God.
These are spiritual vitamins that help to build a strong Christian life.
Category Audience Location Message
He shall build a house for My name, and I
II Samuel History Israel II Samuel 7:13 will establish the throne of his kingdom
Ships of Life and navigating troubled waters
Reflections Taking Stock Going Forward
The World show the life of Experience the joy of serving
serving God as one without joy the Lord following his
Discipleship The Ark of God
instructions with fervor, fear
Our nation continues to move Consulting your Bible pray
away from its Biblical beginning daily for our nation and its
leaders that it would line up
Hardship God Avenges the Gibeonites
with and obey God‟s law and
not be subjected to the
discipline of God.
We see examples of believers Unity comes not because we
submitting to someone other have a common enemy but
Headship David Reigns from Jerusalem than the Lord Jesus Christ, because we obey a common
division and dissension will King
exist among God‟s people
During these times of lack During this year of “Service”
David‟s Kindness to many people are driven to seek ways of serving your
Kinship Mephibosheth preserve themselves rather brothers and sisters
than extend a hand to others
We are surrounded with True leaders are not afraid
leaders today on every level to surround themselves with
who delight in elevating people of ability and then
themselves by destroying each give them opportunities for
Oracle of David and the
Leadership other greatness
Look around you for this
character trait in your
leaders and if you are leader
cultivate this characteristic
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through studying the Word of
God and applying it to your
Lawlessness is make to look Cultivate wholesome
Relationship Absalom Murders Amnon appealing and people are relationships and obey the
many times deceived laws of God
It sometimes appears that the Remember to remain faithful
spoils of the World go to the and God can restore lost
unfaithful territory and allow you to
Stewardship David‟s Victory gain new territory but you
are only the steward of the
resources to build God‟s
Today we are shown the World Take time to review your
through the fog of the current life were you have been
economic situation and what is and were you are now
lacking and this tends to take and were God can take
the joy from our daily lives you
Worship David‟s Thanksgiving Hymn
which quiets our songs and Keep trusting and
stops our rejoicing obeying and one day God
and experience your own
victory song from the
gentle hand of God
6. Memory Scripture
Scriptures to hide in your heart as you continue your Christian journey.
7. Quick Reference
Study Guide to assist in the study of the Book of the Month
Anchoring your ship through reading God‟s Inspired Word
No. Question Answer Location
1. Reference II Samuel Chapter 1 to answer this question: II Samuel
Who said “Stand, I pray thee, upon me, and slay me: for 1:8-9
anguish is come upon me, because my life is yet whole in me”
2. Reference II Samuel Chapter 1 to complete the statement: II Samuel
“How are the mighty fallen!” was said of ______________. 1:17, 19, 25
3. Reference II Samuel Chapter 1 to complete the statement: II Samuel
“Tell it not in Gath,” lest _____________________. 1:20
4. How did the gathering at the pool of Gibeon end up II Samuel
5. What happen upon Saul‟s death? II Samuel
6. David‟s six sons were born of how many women? II Samuel
7. Reference II Samuel Chapter 3 to complete the statement: II Samuel
Ishbosheth, the son of Saul, lost a kingdom because he 3:6- 10
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accused his general, Abner, of ___________________.
8. What did Abner owe others when he lost his life? II Samuel
9. What did David dispense to those who brought him news of II Samuel
the death of Saul and Ishbosheth? 4:5-12
10. How old was David when he was made king? II Samuel
11. What did the Lord do when Uzzah when he put forth his hand II Samuel
to keep the ark of God from falling off the cart when the oxen 6:6-7
12. How did Michal respond when she saw David leaping and II Samuel
dancing before the Lord girded with linen ephod? 6:2, 4
13. What was Jehoshaphat position in David‟s bureaucracy? II Samuel
14. Reference II Samuel Chapter 9 to complete the statement: II Samuel
David asked if anyone was left of the house of Saul; if so, he 9:1
wanted to _______________________________.
15. What did King David‟s obsession with Bathsheba lead to for II Samuel
her husband Uriah? 11:1-7
16. What did the obsession of King David‟s son, Amnon, with his II Samuel
sister Tamar, lead to? 13:1-29
17. How often did Amnon‟s brother Absalom poll his head? II Samuel
18. How did Absalom steal the hearts of the men of Israel? II Samuel
19. What did King David do as he was fleeing from Absalom? II Samuel
20. What did Ahithophel do when Absalom rejected the counsel II Samuel
of Ahithophel to pursue David with a small force and spare all 17:1-3, 23
of David‟s companions?
21. Who was Joab replaced by as commander of the armed II Samuel
forces under Absalom? 17:25
22. What happen to Absalom when his mule carried him under II Samuel
the thick boughs of a great oak? 18:9-15
23. Reference II Samuel Chapter 18 to complete the statement: II Samuel
David‟s cry, “O Absalom,” was one of __________________. 18:33
24. What happen after Joab help win the battle in the wood of II Samuel
Ephraim for David? 19:13: 17:25;
25. How did the eighty-year-old Barzillai answer David when he II Samuel
invited him to stay with him in Jerusalem? 19:32-37
26. What did David ten concubines do when he returned from II Samuel
27. Reference II Samuel Chapter 20 to complete the statement: II Samuel
The head of Sheba, thrown over the wall to Joab, was that of 20:14-22, 1-2
28. What did the Gibeonites want as reparation for Saul‟s II Samuel
attempts to destroy them? 21:3-6
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29. Who rescued David in his encounter with a descendant of the II Samuel
giants whose spear weighted 300 shekels of brass? 21:15-17
30. What was David thankful for in his song on thanks? II Samuel
31. When The Lord gave David his choice of three punishments II Samuel
what was his preference? 24:11-15
Biblical Translation Used – New Kings James
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