Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Tables

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					U.S. red meat and poultry forecasts 2004 Annual Production, million lb Beef Pork Lamb and mutton Broilers Turkeys Total red meat & poultry Table eggs, mil. doz. Per capita disappearance, retail lb 2/ Beef Pork Lamb and mutton Broilers Turkeys Total red meat & poultry Eggs, number Market prices Choice steers, Neb., $/cwt Feeder steers, Ok City, $/cwt Boning utility cows, S. Falls, $/cwt Choice slaughter lambs, San Angelo, $/cwt Barrows & gilts, N. base, l.e. $/cwt Broilers, 12 City, cents/lb Turkeys, Eastern, cents/lb Eggs, New York, cents/doz. U.S. trade, million lb Beef & veal exports Beef & veal imports Lamb and mutton imports Pork exports Pork imports Broiler exports Turkey exports Live swine imports (thousand head)
1/ Forecasts are in bold.

2005 Annual 24,683 20,685 187 35,365 5,504 87,097 6,413 65.6 50.0 1.1 85.8 16.7 221.0 255.8 87.28 110.94 54.36 97.76 50.05 70.80 73.40 65.50 697 3,599 180 2,666 1,024 5,203 570 8,191

2006 I 6,082 5,335 49 8,814 1,351 21,792 1,617 15.8 12.4 0.3 21.7 3.5 54.1 64.1 89.24 106.23 48.89 77.03 42.63 62.7 67.3 71.4 215 843 53 767 259 1,270 119 2,133

II 6,724 5,008 47 8,980 1,435 22,362 1,617 16.9 11.9 0.3 22.1 3.9 55.5 63.7 80.39 104.08 47.79 66.56 48.45 61.0 71.3 62.7 315 790 44 763 237 1,297 125 2,088

III 6,834 5,087 42 8,870 1,419 22,413 1,632 16.9 11.9 0.2 21.9 4.3 55.6 63.9 85.40 115.17 49.28 81.10 51.83 67.8 79.4 64.0 307 730 41 654 239 1,234 152 2,204

IV 6,513 5,625 47 8,835 1,476 22,656 1,656 16.3 13.1 0.3 20.9 5.2 56.1 64.7 86.61 103.22 44.29 84.53 46.13 65.9 89.8 89.0 308 722 52 811 254 1,404 150 2,338

Annual 26,153 21,055 185 35,500 5,682

2007 1/ I 6,237 5,396 49 8,625 1,413

II 6,649 5,128 44 9,085 1,482

III 6,802 5,256 42 9,131 1,488

IV 6,733 6,163 48 9,285 1,575 23,962 1,642
16.2 14.0 0.3 21.2 5.5 57.6 63.8

Annual 26,421 21,943 183 36,126 5,958 91,264 6,435
65.2 50.8 1.1 85.4 17.5 221.6 250.1

2008 I 6,371 6,023 46 9,108 1,541 23,258 1,590
15.6 12.6 0.3 21.2 4.0 54.0 61.8

II
6,900 5,590 45 9,450 1,550 23,715 1,580 16.6 12.1 0.3 22.0 4.2 56.6 61.7

III
6,915 5,665 42 9,250 1,530 23,572 1,610 16.3 12.4 0.2 21.5 4.3 55.3 62.6

IV
6,380 6,200 44 9,200 1,560 23,551 1,650 15.1 13.1 0.3 21.2 5.4 55.5 63.8

Annual
26,566 23,478 177 37,008 6,181 94,096 6,430 63.6 50.2 1.1 85.9 18.0 220.4 250.0

24,548 20,511 195 34,063 5,454 85,442 6,365 66.1 51.4 1.1 84.4 17.1 221.6 257.3 84.75 104.76 52.35 96.69 52.51 74.10 69.70 82.20 460 3,679 181 2,181 1,099 4,783 442 8,506

89,224 21,874 22,552 22,876 6,522 1,598 1,593 1,602 65.8 49.4 1.1 86.5 16.9 221.3 257.8 85.41 107.18 47.56 77.31 47.26 64.4 77.0 71.8 1,145 3,085 190 2,995 989 5,205 547 8,763 15.9 12.3 0.3 21.2 3.8 53.9 62.2 16.6 12.2 0.3 21.6 4.1 55.1 61.7
16.4 12.3 0.3 21.4 4.2 54.9 62.4

90.61 93.45 91.36 99.53 108.87 115.64 51.04 53.96 54.07 82.59 82.23 87.33 46.04 52.55 50.33 75.00 80.30 79.20 69.70 77.90 89.90 105.3 92.0 119.1 269 770 56 792 239 1,275 124 2,302 363 884 44 685 256 1,393 135 2,370 424 774 44 703 240 1,493 148 2,464

91.85 108.88 49.40 87.55 39.43 71.10 90.80 141.0 375 624 59 959 232 1,610 146 2,869

91.82 108.23 52.12 84.93 47.09 76.40 82.10
114.4

89.59 99.88 53.88 86.23 39.64 78.1 77.4 158.8 360 637 52 1,106 217 1,507 148 2,915

92.82 91-95 92-98 91-94 106.60 108-112 109-115 105-109 57.30 56-58 53-57 55-57 79.62 78-82 76-84 80-84 52.51 50-52 43-47 46-48 80.60 82-86 82-88 81-83 88.90 92-96 92-98 88-90 117.00 132-138 140-150 137-141 420 700 46 1,150 215 1,600 155 2,250 480 690 44 1,000 225 1,550 160 2,100 440 665 51 1,300 235 1,600 160 2,000 1,700 2,692 193 4,556 892 6,257 623 9,265

1,431 3,052 202 3,138 968 5,771 553 10,005

2/ Per capita meat and egg disappearance data are calculated using the Resident Population Plus Armed Forces Overseas series from the Census Bureau of the Department of Commerce. Source: World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates and Supporting Materials.

For further information, contact: Mildred Haley, (202) 694-5176, mhaley@ers.usda.gov

Dairy Forecasts
2007 III Milk cows (thous.) Milk per cow (pounds) Milk production (bil. pounds) Farm use Milk marketings Milkfat (bil. pounds milk equiv.) Milk marketings Beginning commercial stocks Imports Total supply Commercial exports Ending commercial stocks Net removals Commercial use Skim solids (bil. pounds milk equiv.) Milk marketings Beginning commercial stocks Imports Total supply Commercial exports Ending commercial stocks Net removals Commercial use Milk prices (dol./cwt) 1/ All milk Class III Class IV Product prices (dol./pound) 2/ Cheddar cheese Dry whey Butter Nonfat dry milk 9,159 5,034 46.1 0.3 45.8 45.8 13.8 1.0 60.6 1.6 12.5 0.0 46.5 45.8 10.2 1.1 57.1 7.0 9.7 0.0 40.4 21.67 20.43 21.71 IV 9,198 5,003 46.0 0.3 45.7 45.7 12.5 1.3 59.6 2.0 10.4 0.0 47.1 45.7 9.7 1.2 56.6 6.5 9.9 0.0 40.2 21.60 19.51 20.29 Annual 9,158 20,267 185.6 1.2 184.4 184.4 9.5 4.6 198.6 5.7 10.4 0.0 182.5 184.4 9.1 4.4 197.9 28.2 9.9 0.0 159.8 19.13 18.04 18.36 I 9,250 5,140 47.5 0.3 47.3 47.3 10.4 1.0 58.6 2.2 12.1 0.0 44.2 47.3 9.9 1.0 58.1 6.7 10.1 0.0 41.4 19.23 18.12 15.04 II 9,280 5,245 48.7 0.3 48.4 48.4 12.1 1.1 61.6 2.2 13.5 0.0 45.9 48.4 10.1 1.0 59.5 6.7 10.4 0.0 42.4 18.60 18.40 15.25 2008 III 9,260 5,045 46.7 0.3 46.4 46.4 13.5 1.0 60.9 1.8 11.8 0.0 47.3 46.4 10.4 1.0 57.8 6.0 9.5 0.0 42.3 18.90 -19.30 18.05 -18.45 16.02 -16.52 1.930 -1.970 0.272 -0.292 1.448 -1.518 1.363 -1.403 IV 9,245 5,035 46.5 0.3 46.3 46.3 11.8 1.3 59.4 1.7 9.7 0.0 47.9 46.3 9.5 1.2 57.0 6.0 9.4 0.0 41.7 19.20 -19.90 17.95 -18.65 16.65 -17.45 1.905 -1.975 0.295 -0.325 1.380 -1.480 1.470 -1.530 Annual 9,259 20,465 189.5 1.2 188.3 188.3 10.4 4.4 203.0 7.9 9.7 0.0 185.4 188.3 9.9 4.2 202.4 25.4 9.4 0.0 167.7 18.95 -19.25 18.10 -18.40 15.70 -16.10 1.935 -1.965 0.280 -0.300 1.360 -1.420 1.370 -1.400 I 9,240 5,145 47.5 0.3 47.3 47.3 9.7 1.0 58.0 1.5 11.5 0.0 45.0 47.3 9.4 1.0 57.5 6.1 9.4 0.0 42.0 18.65 -19.65 17.36 -18.36 16.42 -17.52 1.840 -1.940 0.305 -0.335 1.325 -1.455 1.475 -1.545 2009 Annual 9,226 20,625 190.3 1.2 189.1 189.1 9.7 4.5 203.3 6.0 9.0 0.0 188.3 189.1 9.4 4.3 202.7 23.7 9.1 0.0 169.9 18.60 -19.60 17.55 -18.55 16.55 -17.65 1.855 -1.955 0.320 -0.350 1.350 -1.480 1.475 -1.545

1.978 0.610 1.428 2.043

1.995 0.435 1.301 1.940

1.738 0.600 1.344 1.708

1.933 0.305 1.230 1.364

1.977 0.267 1.411 1.300

1/ Simple averages of monthly prices. May not match reported annual averages. 2/ Simple averages of monthly prices calculated by the Agricultural Marketing Service for use in class price formulas. 'Based on weekly "Dairy Product Prices", National Agricultural Statistics Service. Details may be found at http://www.ams.usda.gov/dyfmos/mib/fedordprc_dscrp.htm Source: World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates and supporting materials. For further information, contact: Roger Hoskin 202 694 5148, rhoskin@ers.usda.gov Published in Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Outlook, http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/ldp

PRODUCTION INDICATORS
2008 May June /* 1,000 Head 11,135 1,820 2,140 10,815 1,453 1,973

June '2007 Cattle: On feed - US, 1,000+ Hd. Net placements Marketings Broilers: Eggs in incubators (000) /1 Chicks hatched (000) /2 Hatching egg layers /1 Pullets placed (000) Hvy-type hen slaughter /2 Turkeys: Eggs in incubators (000) /1 Poults placed (000) Eggs: Table egg prod. (mil. doz.) /2 Table egg layers, (000) /1 Table eggs/100 layers /1 Chicks hatched (000) /2 Lt.-type hen slaughter /2 11,272 1,605 2,140

Apr. 11,684 1,461 2,010

680,099 808,329 57,166 7,799 6,826 33,155 26,282 522.3 281,072 74.7 40,641 5,036

673,687 797,481 57,273 6,867 6,960 31,886 25,863 522.9 281,571 74.8 41,051 6,571

665,215 823,718 57,704 7,962 7,380 33,149 27,084 535.5 280,145 74.1 42,724 6,318

674,213 806,202 57,055 7,772 7,305 31,854 25,681 522.5 279,948 73.9 42,538 6,450

ESTIMATED RETURNS
July '2007 Great Plains cattle feedlot Breakeven price /3 Selling price Net margin N. Central hog farrow to finish Breakeven price /3 NA Selling price NA Net margin Broiler Feed Cost 1998-2000=100 Market Price 1998-2000=100 Price - Cost 1998-2000=100 Turkey Feed Cost 1998-2000=100 Market Price 1998-2000=100 Price - Cost 1998-2000=100 Egg Feed Cost 1998-2000=100 Market Price 1998-2000=100 Price - Cost 1998-2000=100
/1 First of month. /2 Last month estimated. /3 Does not include capital replacement cost. /* estimate.

May 98.73 94.13 -4.60 NA NA NA Index 178.3 128.2 110.4 194.2 135.3 108.6 211.9 129.2 85.9

2008 June Cents/lb 102.71 96.14 -6.57 NA NA NA Index 185.2 126.7 106.1 196.0 138.2 111.9 211.9 153.2 122.5

July /* 101.61 98.65 -2.96 NA NA NA Index 184.9 128.2 108.1 204.2 140.3 111.2 242.5 141.4 88.6

96.74 90.41 -6.33

0.00 Index 130.0 143.2 147.9 130.7 130.9 131.0 149.7 143.8 140.7

MEAT STATISTICS
Jan. July 2007 Commercial production Beef 15,142 Veal 86 Pork 12,182 Lamb 107 Total red meat 27,517 Broilers 20,763 Other chicken 288 Turkeys 3,400 Total poultry 24,452 Total meat & poultry 51,968 Jan. July 2007 Commercial slaughter/** Cattle 19,887 Steers 10,340 Heifers 5,952 Beef Cows 1,837 Dairy Cows 1,441 Bulls and stags 316 Calves 451 Sheep 1,540 Hogs 60,607 Barrows & gilts 58,450 Sows 1,893 Broilers 5,151,288 Turkeys 149,710 Jan. July 2008 15,642 80 13,475 103 29,300 21,575 331 3,623 25,528 54,828 Jan. July 2008 20,384 10,454 6,049 1,954 1,577 351 511 1,474 67,024 54,963 1,778 5,245,197 155,693 2008 Mar. 2,100 11 1,963 16 4,091 2,967 46 488 3,501 7,591 2008 Mar. 2,728 1,348 851 262 219 48 71 231 9,662 9,321 302 725,871 20,947 2008 Mar. 775 160 70 204 Apr. May Million pounds 2,255 2,380 12 12 2,015 1,816 15 15 4,297 4,222 3,193 3,161 48 50 520 521 3,761 3,731 8,058 7,953 June 2,263 12 1,762 13 4,050 2,999 49 523 3,570 7,620 July 2,373 11 1,859 14 4,257 3,114 50 518 3,682 7,939 /*

Apr. May Thousand head 2,960 3,140 1,518 1,677 879 891 287 320 223 198 53 54 73 71 221 206 9,995 9,063 0 8,726 0 298 771,439 761,979 22,268 22,492

June 2,956 1,576 833 309 184 54 75 192 8,885 8,502 294 737,500 22,930

July 3,060 1,625 880 205 295 55 80 198 9,485 9,134 306 749,380 22,820

/*

July 2007 F.I. dressed weight Cattle Calves Sheep Hogs Beginning cold storage stocks Beef Pork Bellies Hams Total chicken Turkey Frozen eggs
/* Estimates with exception of Cold Storage /** Slaughter classes are estimated

782 172 67 198

Apr. Pounds 766 164 71 202

May 762 162 74 201

June 770 157 70 199

July 778 145 69 197

/*

430.3 467.9 47.2 121.1 644.0 448.4 17.4

424.1 605.7 79.3 86.8 760.8 416.7 16.7

Million pounds 423.2 430.0 652.7 652.6 98.9 100.2 90.2 113.1 764.8 752.9 428.1 491.3 16.3 16.0

413.9 567.3 87.4 119.1 755.1 522.4 12.4

431.1 518.9 75.4 117.1 768.7 562.7 16.2

LIVESTOCK PRICES 2007 July Cattle prices Steers, Choice, 11-13 cwt Texas Panhandle Nebraska Direct Cows - Sioux Falls Utility breaking, 1200 - 1600 lbs. Utility boning, 800 - 1200 lbs. Feeder Cattle - Oklahoma City Steers: Med. #1 500-550 lb 600-650 lb 750-800 lb Heifers: Med. #1 450-500 lb 700-750 lb Hog prices Barrows and gilts National base 51-52% lean ( live equivalent = carcass x .74) Sows Iowa-S. Minn. #1-2, 300-400 lb Sheep & lamb prices San Angelo, TX Slaughter lambs, Choice Ewes, Good Feeder lambs, Choice 86.38 42.63 99.44 83.25 37.69 114.56 74.70 40.30 110.45 77.75 38.25 117.56 86.75 35.56 109.56 84.00 37.50 115.00 41.13 25.33 18.92 29.20 29.67 22.25 52.39 39.40 45.06 57.75 54.71 57.00 118.28 108.92 109.72 93.01 107.59 95.18 111.37 101.76 106.20 102.48 102.90 104.30 130.40 120.99 114.00 123.04 112.15 99.29 120.81 110.90 102.29 125.80 114.39 107.76 119.95 112.71 109.74 119.90 113.15 111.05 56.33 54.08 57.81 55.69 56.95 54.40 61.13 59.38 64.31 58.13 62.20 60.70 90.41 89.09 89.40 89.28 88.90 89.04 94.13 93.86 96.14 95.55 98.60 98.10 2008 Mar. Apr. $/cwt May June July /*

GRAIN AND FEED PRICES 2007 July Corn, #2 Yellow, Cen. Ill Wheat, HRW Ord., K.C. SBM, 48% Solvent, Decatur Alfalfa Hay, U.S. Avg. Grass Hay, U.S. Avg. 3.03 6.09 222.05 137.00 113.00 2008 Mar. 5.16 11.92 $/ton 331.57 143.00 128.00 329.94 157.00 140.00 331.68 177.00 134.00 N/A 172.00 130.00 N/A N/A N/A Apr. $/bu 5.59 9.82 5.58 9.94 N/A N/A N/A N/A May June July /*

/* Estimates Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Situation and Outlook

WHOLESALE PRICES
2007
July Beef, Central U.S. Boxed beef cutout Choice 1-3, 600 - 900 lbs. Select 1-3, 600 - 900 lbs. Canner-Cutter Cows Bnls. beef, 90% fresh Importd bnls. beef 90% frz. Hide & offal value Veal carcass, 220-280 lb Pork, Central U.S. Pork cutout composite Loins, 14-19 lb BI 1/4" trim Bellies, 12-14 lb skin on trmd. Hams, 20-23 lb BI trmd. TS1 Trimmings, 72% fresh Lamb, East Coast 55 lb Down, Choice 55-65 lb, Choice N/A 225.49 N/A 212.33 N/A 219.44 cents/lb Broilers 12 City Avg. Georgia dock Northeast Breast, boneless Breast, Ribs on Legs, whole Leg quarters Turkeys Eastern region 160.43 97.13 64.85 50.34 141.06 87.00 64.78 44.13 140.28 85.82 66.91 46.32 150.51 88.36 68.56 47.91 141.46 86.93 70.75 49.53 140.90 85.10 72.60 53.60 80.68 80.45 79.51 79.35 77.84 80.11 81.58 81.84 82.48 83.87 85.50 86.70 N/A 233.21 N/A 239.99 N/A 235.00 73.74 111.78 99.83 60.21 64.71 57.57 90.33 67.26 49.10 48.28 65.87 108.10 61.08 57.59 50.81 80.01 130.43 79.00 65.24 68.18 77.73 115.19 64.54 74.88 63.78 81.65 116.50 84.25 80.70 72.15 141.47 135.35 N/A 132.46 131.17 9.85 N/A 144.42 142.64 N/A 144.67 146.38 10.79 N/A $/cwt 147.47 145.52 N/A 144.35 152.73 N/A N/A 156.07 152.34 N/A 166.22 166.23 N/A N/A 159.10 154.04 N/A 167.88 174.65 11.20 N/A 172.00 164.50 N/A 182.95 190.25 12.00 N/A Mar. Apr.

2008
May June July /*

Toms, 16-24 lb
Hens, 8-16 lb Breast, 4-8 lb Drumsticks Wings, full cut Eggs, grd A, lg, doz 12 City Metro New York /* Estimates.

86.21 86.89 125.29 59.92 49.44

82.18 82.20 129.13 49.87 49.65

85.95 85.99 133.66 51.00 50.66

89.21 89.19 132.46 53.39 51.45

91.24 91.45 133.00 53.43 48.58

92.70 92.50 134.00 53.70 45.20

105.10 115.19

154.96 161.81

120.85 123.36

94.43 103.76

112.01 124.86

103.40 102.80

Source: Agricultural Marketing Service. Livestock, Dairy and Poultry Situation and Outlook

U.S. dairy situation at a glance 1/ Unit Milk production: Production (23 States) Milk cows (23 States) Milk per cow (23 States) Production (U.S. est.) Milk prices: All milk Milk eligible for fluid use Manufacturing grade milk Class III (cheese milk) 3.5% fat Class IV (butter-powder milk) 3.5% fat Slaughter cow price, WI Chicago Mercantile Exchange prices: Butter American cheese, 40-pound blocks American cheese, barrels Wholesale price: Nonfat dry milk, Central States Retail prices: Consumer Price Index All food Dairy products Fluid milk Other dairy products Dairy product output: Butter American cheese Other-than-American cheese Frozen products 2/ All products (m.e.-fat) Nonfat dry milk Beginning stocks: Commercial butter Commercial American cheese Other cheese Manufacturers' nonfat dry milk All commercial (m.e.-fat) All commercial (m.e.-skim) All Government (m.e.-fat) All Government (m.e.-skim) Commercial disappearance: Butter American cheese Other-than-American cheese Nonfat dry milk All products: m.e.-fat Milkfat Skim solids USDA net removals: Butter Cheese Nonfat dry milk All products (m.e.-fat) All products (m.e.-skim) Imports: All products (m.e.-fat) All products (m.e.-skim) International market prices: Butter Nonfat dry milk 2005 2006 2007 Apr-07 May-07 Jun-07 Jul-07

Mil. lb. Thou. Lb. Mil. lb.

161,582 8,138 19,857 176,989

166,645 8,246 20,210 181,839

170,734 8,322 20,516 186,232

14,470 8,292 1,745 15,762

14,860 8,298 1,791 16,812

14,216 8,302 1,712 15,475

14,500 8,322 1,742 15,721

Dol./cwt Dol./cwt Dol./cwt Dol./cwt Dol./cwt Dol./cwt

15.14 15.14 14.48 14.05 12.88 53.94

12.90 12.92 12.21 11.89 11.06 49.08

19.13 19.13 18.28 18.04 18.36 49.51

16.60 16.60 15.90 16.09 16.12 50.83

18.00 18.00 17.70 17.60 18.48 54.95

20.20 20.20 20.00 20.17 20.76 50.38

21.70 21.70 20.70 21.38 21.64 52.06

Dol./lb. Dol./lb. Dol./lb. Dol./lb.

1.5484 1.4928 1.4484 0.9918

1.2364 1.2385 1.2189 1.0245

1.3682 1.7578 1.7411 1.8107

1.3725 1.4628 1.4490 1.6402

1.4825 1.7211 1.6894 1.9459

1.5019 2.0100 1.9887 2.1871

1.4913 1.9138 1.8927 2.2146

1982-84=100 1982-84=100 1982-84=100 Dec 1997=100 Dec 1997=100

195.3 190.7 182.4 127.0 122.1

201.6 195.2 181.4 125.5 122.8

207.3 202.9 194.8 140.1 130.4

206.7 200.8 185.8 130.4 125.1

207.9 201.8 187.3 133.3 126.2

208.4 202.4 191.4 137.9 130.5

208.3 203.1 197.9 146.7 131.3

Mil. lb. Mil. lb. Mil. lb. Mil. gal. Mil. lb. Mil. lb.

1,347.2 3,813.0 5,314.2 1,308.0 113,377 1,186.1

1,443.6 3,937.4 5,621.7 1,288.7 117,036 1,228.2

1,532.9 3,877.8 5,822.7 1,333.1 120,783 1,298.5

133.0 325.9 477.9 123.1 10,339 123.0

124.0 332.5 492.1 132.8 10,549 115.4

110.0 315.5 477.1 138.9 10,118 118.2

116.5 324.7 474.8 131.0 10,249 122.2

Mil. lb. Mil. lb. Mil. lb. Mil. lb. Mil. lb. Mil. lb. Mil. lb. Mil. lb.

44.9 476.0 224.7 98.2 7,154 8,181 177 4,901

58.5 536.7 221.3 114.1 8,007 8,951 20 809

108.5 534.0 283.2 79.1 9,500 9,113 10 318

193.1 571.5 321.0 77.0 12,016 9,869 9 187

245.8 585.9 308.2 99.0 13,222 10,118 9 168

270.2 576.4 322.2 92.1 13,758 10,140 6 130

272.9 565.6 325.2 108.2 13,768.6 10,222.6 6 98

Mil. lb. Mil. lb. Mil. lb. Mil. lb. Mil. lb. Mil. lb. Mil. lb.

1,370.1 3,794.9 5,723.9 1,262.2 180,170 6,585 15,660

1,435.4 3,912.6 5,946.9 1,219.5 184,107 6,768 15,961

1,518.9 3,952.8 6,188.2 1,220.4 188,229 6,910 16,277

83.5 319.0 517.9 102.4 14,845 544 1,369

105.4 346.2 507.0 122.3 15,976 574 1,431

110.3 330.6 507.4 102.1 15,769 562 1,349

119.1 329.3 510.7 105.2 16,027 570 1,351

Mil. lb. Mil. lb. Mil. lb. Mil. lb. Mil. lb.

0.0 -2.3 -81.5 -39 -972

0.0 0.0 62.5 14 728

0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0

Mil. lb. Mil. lb.

5,071 4,839

4,981 4,762

4,638 4,406

386 367

430 345

407 392

344 367

$/metric ton $/metric ton

1,970 2,261

1,910 2,517

3,994 4,426

2,422 4,353

2,758 4,927

4,050 5,133

5,213 5,259

1/ Some data series different than formerly published due to changes in availability. 2/ Hard ice cream, ice milk, and sherbet. m.e.-fat (skim) = Milk equivalent, fat (skim solids)basis NA=Not available Sources: USDA (AMS, ERS, FAS, FSA, NASS), Department of Labor (BLS), Department of Commerce (Bureau of Census), and ERS calculations. For further information, contact: Roger Hoskin 202 694 5148, rhoskin@ers.usda.gov Published in Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Outlook, http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/ldp

U.S. dairy situation at a glance (continued) Aug-07 Sep-07 Oct-07 Nov-07

Dec-07

Jan-08

Feb-08

Mar-08

Apr-08

May-08

Jun-08

14,323 8,330 1,719 15,525

13,718 8,341 1,645 14,864

14,176 8,355 1,697 15,378

13,843 8,369 1,654 15,012

14,414 8,389 1,718 15,625

14,688 8,413 1,746 15,961

13,942 8,427 1,654 15,145

15,134 8,436 1,794 16,435

14,839 8,448 1,757 16,104

15,375 8,459 1,818 16,673

14,697 8,460 1,737 15,933

21.60 21.60 20.00 19.83 21.87 53.85

21.70 21.70 20.20 20.07 21.61 51.44

21.40 21.40 19.70 18.70 21.31 49.10

21.90 21.90 20.50 19.22 20.40 42.56

21.50 21.50 20.80 20.60 19.18 44.75

20.50 20.50 19.60 19.32 16.29 45.40

19.10 19.10 18.30 17.03 14.67 52.13

18.10 18.00 18.30 18.00 14.17 51.13

18.00 18.00 17.70 16.76 14.56 50.70

18.40 18.40 18.70 18.18 15.26 55.25

19.40 19.40 19.50 20.25 15.92 56.00

1.4464 1.9554 1.9107 2.0465

1.3783 1.9929 1.9901 2.0105

1.3020 1.8957 1.8830 2.0466

1.3590 2.0926 2.0223 1.8775

1.3190 2.0083 2.0147 1.7528

1.2246 1.8257 1.8774 1.5615

1.2088 2.0023 1.9560 1.3999

1.3454 1.8234 1.7980 1.3224

1.3905 1.8826 1.8010 1.3525

1.4750 2.0976 2.0708 1.4040

1.5001 2.0350 2.0562 1.4649

207.9 203.9 201.7 148.2 135.1

208.5 204.9 203.5 149.7 134.8

208.9 205.8 205.3 149.7 136.1

210.2 206.3 206.0 151.1 135.9

210.0 206.7 205.3 149.7 136.1

211.1 208.6 206.9 149.5 136.9

211.7 209.2 208.2 149.8 138.9

213.5 209.4 206.2 146.6 139.4

214.8 211.1 207.7 148.0 141.3

216.6 212.1 207.8 149.9 140.6

218.8 213.2 209.1 147.5 141.3

110.9 311.9 485.1 126.4 10,026 103.0

112.9 299.6 477.5 103.7 9,523 89.8

130.4 321.3 504.5 102.7 10,076 100.2

130.8 324.7 490.5 83.8 9,566 100.0

141.5 336.4 510.9 79.1 10,073 108.9

168.8 334.0 478.8 91.9 10,549 119.1

146.8 319.3 465.3 97.5 9,948 118.3

151.9 339.1 495.6 115.0 10,729 135.2

150.1 337.4 472.8 118.5 10,699 133.0

143.6 347.4 481.0 125.1 10,950 129.0

NA NA NA NA NA NA

271.5 563.3 322.1 125.2 13,708 10,435.2 7 65

260.8 548.0 297.5 140.3 13,169 10,247.9 9 63

240.2 539.7 280.0 120.0 12,493 9,700 9 61

196.6 523.2 286.5 120.9 11,406 9,630 10 47

143.2 517.2 288.0 131.6 10,163 9,687 9 42

155.1 507.9 289.6 163.7 10,356 9,923 8 8

188.1 494.4 287.0 153.5 10,927 9,648 0 0

210.4 513.1 287.9 150.2 11,592 9,807 0 0

224.8 526.0 298.3 151.8 12,118 10,073 0 0

251.5 543.1 312.8 135.5 12,989 10,226 0 0

269.5 568.4 285.9 125.4 13,631 10,380 0 0

123.2 329.3 540.0 87.9 16,312 582 1,362

134.5 310.5 527.4 110.2 15,798 572 1,341

177.5 339.4 535.5 99.4 16,788 619 1,375

188.3 335.7 527.6 89.3 16,632 630 1,339

132.5 347.7 546.0 81.5 15,743 594 1,358

136.4 355.6 506.5 129.3 15,740 595 1,441

124.6 303.9 488.5 121.6 14,631 551 1,314

138.3 331.0 508.7 133.7 16,071 599 1,420

123.8 322.5 483.4 149.3 15,372 565 1,400

127.2 323.7 505.5 139.2 16,195 585 1,448

NA NA NA NA NA NA NA

0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0

0.0 0.0 0.0 0 0

339 341

349 366

421 402

478 452

410 395

451 387

245 285

262 287

242 279

264 267

NA NA

5,600 5,240

5,919 5,188

5,875 4,970

5,394 4,375

4,464 3,738

4,176 3,631

4,319 3,770

4,289 3,491

4,231 3,490

4,150 3,581

4,288 3,845

Commercial disappearance: Milk in all products, 2008
Item Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Total

Million pounds Supply: Production Farm use Marketings Beginning commercial stocks Imports Total supply

15,961 100 15,861 10,355 451 26,666

15,145 93 15,052 10,927 245 26,224

16,435 100 16,335 11,592 262 28,190

16,097 96 16,001 12,118 242 28,361

16,673 100 16,573 12,989 264 29,825

Utilization: Ending commercial stocks USDA net removals

10,927 0

11,592 0

12,118 0

12,989 0

13,631 0

Commercial disappearance Percent change from a year ago Cumulative disappearance

15,740 [ 6.6

14,631 4.6 ] 8.3

16,071

15,372

16,195

0.1

3.6

1.4

15,740

30,371

46,442

61,815

78,009

Percent change from a year ago

First quarter 46,442 [ 3.6 ] 4.7

Second quarter

Third quarter

Fourth quarter

Sources: NASS, ERS, FAS, FSA, Bureau of Census, and ERS calculations. For further information, contact: Roger Hoskin 202 694 5148, rhoskin@ers.usda.gov Published in Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Outlook, http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/ldp

Commercial disappearance: Milkfat, 2008
Item Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Total

Million pounds Supply: Production Farm use Marketings Beginning commercial stocks Imports Total supply

605 4 601 380 15 996

571 4 567 401 8 977

613 4 609 426 9 1,043

592 4 589 444 8 1,041

604 4 600 477 9 1,086

Utilization: Ending commercial stocks USDA net removals

401 0

426 0

444 0

477 0

500 0

Commercial disappearance Percent change from a year ago Cumulative disappearance

595 [ 6.6

551 4.5 ] 8.2

599

565

585

0.4

3.9

2.0

595

1,146

1,745

2,310

2,895

Percent change from a year ago

First quarter 1,745 [ 3.8 ] 4.9

Second quarter

Third quarter

Fourth quarter

Sources: NASS, ERS, FAS, FSA, Bureau of Census, and ERS calculations. For further information, contact: Roger Hoskin 202 694 5148, rhoskin@ers.usda.gov Published in Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Outlook, http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/ldp

Commercial disappearance: Skim solids, 2008
Item Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Total

Million pounds Supply: Production Farm use Marketings Beginning commercial stocks Imports Total supply

1,397 9 1,389 848 33 2,270

1,311 8 1,303 829 24 2,156

1,427 9 1,419 842 25 2,286

1,398 8 1,390 865 24 2,279

1,447 9 1,438 878 23 2,340

Utilization: Ending commercial stocks USDA net removals

829 0

842 0

865 0

878 0

892 0

Commercial disappearance Percent change from a year ago Cumulative disappearance

1,441 [ 6.3

1,314 2.0 ] 5.7

1,420

1,400

1,448

1.2

2.3

1.2

1,441

2,755

4,175

5,576

7,024

Percent change from a year ago

First quarter 4,175 [ 3.2 ] 4.3

Second quarter

Third quarter

Fourth quarter

Sources: NASS, ERS, FAS, FSA, Bureau of Census, and ERS calculations. For further information, contact: Roger Hoskin 202 694 5148, rhoskin@ers.usda.gov Published in Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Outlook, http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/ldp

Commercial disappearance: Butter, 2008
Item Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Total

Million pounds Supply: Production Beginning commercial stocks Imports Total supply 168.8 155.1 0.5 324.4 146.8 188.1 0.2 335.1 151.9 210.4 0.7 363.1 150.1 224.8 0.4 375.4 143.6 251.5 1.5 396.6

Utilization: Ending commercial stocks USDA net removals

188.1 0.0

210.4 0.0

224.8 0.0

251.5 0.0

269.5 0.0

Commercial disappearance Percent change from a year ago Cumulative disappearance

136.4 [ 21.2

124.6 21.8 ] 26.1

138.3

123.8

127.2

3.7

48.3

20.6

136.4

261.0

399.3

523.1

650.3

Percent change from a year ago

First quarter 399.3 [ 14.6 ] 15.9

Second quarter

Third quarter

Fourth quarter

Sources: NASS, ERS, FAS, FSA, Bureau of Census, and ERS calculations. For further information, contact: Roger Hoskin 202 694 5148, rhoskin@ers.usda.gov Published in Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Outlook, http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/ldp

Commercial disappearance: Nonfat dry milk, 2008
Item Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Total

Million pounds Supply: Production Beginning commercial stocks Imports Total supply 119.1 163.7 0.0 282.8 118.3 153.5 0.0 271.8 135.2 150.2 0.0 285.5 133.0 151.8 0.1 284.9 129.0 135.5 0.0 264.6

Utilization: Ending commercial stocks USDA net removals

153.5 0.0

150.2 0.0

151.8 0.0

135.5 0.0

125.4 0.0

Commercial disappearance Percent change from a year ago Cumulative disappearance

129.3 [ 20.7

121.6 15.9 ] 20.0

133.7

149.3

139.2

19.5

41.7

19.4

129.3

250.8

384.5

533.8

673.1

Percent change from a year ago

First quarter 384.5 [ 17.8 ] 19.1

Second quarter

Third quarter

Fourth quarter

Sources: NASS, ERS, FAS, FSA, Bureau of Census, and ERS calculations. For further information, contact: Roger Hoskin 202 694 5148, rhoskin@ers.usda.gov Published in Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Outlook, http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/ldp

Commercial disappearance: American cheese, 2008
Item Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Total

Million pounds Supply: Production Beginning commercial stocks Imports Total supply 334.0 508.7 8.1 850.7 319.3 494.4 3.2 816.9 339.1 513.1 4.8 857.0 337.4 526.0 2.2 865.6 347.4 543.1 1.7 892.1

Utilization: Ending commercial stocks USDA net removals

494.4 0.0

513.1 0.0

526.0 0.0

543.1 0.0

568.4 0.0

Commercial disappearance Percent change from a year ago Cumulative disappearance

356.3 [ 6.0

303.9 -0.7 ] 2.8

331.0

322.5

323.7

-1.8

1.0

-6.5

356.3

660.2

991.2

1,313.7

1,637.4

Percent change from a year ago

First quarter 991.2 [ 1.7 ] 2.8

Second quarter

Third quarter

Fourth quarter

Sources: NASS, ERS, FAS, FSA, Bureau of Census, and ERS calculations. For further information, contact: Roger Hoskin 202 694 5148, rhoskin@ers.usda.gov Published in Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Outlook, http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/ldp

Commercial disappearance: Other-than-American cheese, 2008
Item Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Total

Million pounds Supply: Production Beginning commercial stocks Imports Total supply 476.3 289.6 27.5 793.5 465.3 287.0 24.1 776.4 495.6 287.9 23.4 807.0 472.8 298.3 25.2 796.2 481.0 312.8 24.5 818.3

Utilization: Ending commercial stocks

287.0

287.9

298.3

312.8

312.9

Commercial disappearance Percent change from a year ago Cumulative disappearance

506.5 [ 4.4

488.5 1.6 ] 5.3

508.7

483.4

505.5

-2.0

-6.6

-0.3

506.5

995.0

1503.7

1987.1

2492.6

Percent change from a year ago

First quarter 1,503.7 [ 1.2 ] 2.4

Second quarter

Third quarter

Fourth quarter

Sources: NASS, ERS, FAS, FSA, Bureau of Census, and ERS calculations. For further information, contact: Roger Hoskin 202 694 5148, rhoskin@ers.usda.gov Published in Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry Outlook, http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/ldp

Broiler, turkey, and egg feed costs and market prices
DECATUR CHICAGO Feed costs SOYBEAN No. 2 Liveweight Basis MEAL CORN BROILERS May-2007 June-2007 July-2007 Aug-2007 Sept-2007 Oct-2007 Nov-2007 Dec-2007 Jan-2008 Feb-2008 Mar-2008 Apr-2008 May-2008 June-2008 TURKEYS May-2007 June-2007 July-2007 Aug-2007 Sept-2007 Oct-2007 Nov-2007 Dec-2007 Jan-2008 Feb-2008 Mar-2008 Apr-2008 May-2008 June-2008 EGGS May-2007 June-2007 July-2007 Aug-2007 Sept-2007 Oct-2007 Nov-2007 Dec-2007 Jan-2008 Feb-2008 Mar-2008 Apr-2008 May-2008 June-2008 $ / ton 198.66 229.70 222.05 217.63 254.41 260.55 280.76 314.78 331.28 345.88 331.57 329.94 325.48 370.92 $ / ton 198.66 229.70 222.05 217.63 254.41 260.55 280.76 314.78 331.28 345.88 331.57 329.94 325.48 370.92 $ / ton 198.66 229.70 222.05 217.63 254.41 260.55 280.76 314.78 331.28 345.88 331.57 329.94 325.48 370.92 $ / bushel 3.60 3.70 3.08 3.17 3.18 3.21 3.60 4.01 4.58 4.87 5.14 5.58 5.61 6.56 $ / bushel 3.60 3.70 3.08 3.17 3.18 3.21 3.60 4.01 4.58 4.87 5.14 5.58 5.61 6.56 $ / bushel 3.60 3.70 3.08 3.17 3.18 3.21 3.60 4.01 4.58 4.87 5.14 5.58 5.61 6.56 1998-2000=100 134.9 126.1 130.0 137.0 125.6 126.3 132.9 134.4 144.3 156.9 169.1 176.4 178.3 185.2 1998-2000=100 143.9 141.6 130.7 135.6 144.7 131.0 131.7 140.4 142.4 154.6 170.4 185.2 194.2 196.0 1998-2000=100 137.3 142.2 149.7 133.2 134.7 140.9 142.6 155.4 171.0 187.6 197.1 201.4 211.9 211.9 Market Price Market Price Feed costs

1998-2000=100 146.2 144.7 143.2 142.7 135.9 120.3 125.7 121.9 127.9 132.6 125.7 120.8 128.2 126.7 1998-2000=100 116.6 124.2 130.9 135.0 140.7 144.2 143.5 124.9 111.7 115.7 124.3 130.3 135.3 138.2 1998-2000=100 121.4 101.4 143.8 137.6 166.8 144.8 188.8 209.0 205.2 202.6 212.0 165.3 129.2 153.2

1998-2000=100 150.2 151.2 147.9 144.7 139.5 118.2 123.2 117.5 122.1 124.0 110.4 101.2 110.4 106.1 1998-2000=100 104.2 116.3 131.0 134.7 138.9 150.2 148.8 117.8 97.7 98.0 103.3 105.3 108.6 111.9 1998-2000=100 113.1 80.0 140.7 139.8 183.6 146.9 212.9 237.0 223.1 210.5 219.8 146.5 85.9 122.5

NOTE - These statistical series were developed to show changes in poultry feed costs and and market prices for broilers products, whole turkeys, large cartoned eggs. Sources: Corn and soybean prices - AMS Grain and Feed Weekly Summary. Broilers, wholesale composite price - ERS. Turkeys, 3-region wholesale whole bird price - ERS. Eggs, 1 dozen Grade A large combined regional price - ERS.

Feeder cattle supply outside feedlots1/ Item On farms Jan 1: Calves < 500 lbs Steers over 500 lbs Heifers over 500 lbs 2/ Total On feed Jan 1 3/: Feeder cattle outside feedlots on Jan 1:4/ Slaughter Jan-Mar: Calves Steers & heifers Total On feed Apr 1 3/: Feeder cattle outside feedlots on April 1:4/ On farms July 1: Calves < 500 lbs Steers over 500 lbs Heifers over 500 lbs 2/ Total On feed July 1 3/: Feeder cattle outside feedlots on July 1:4/ Slaughter Jul-Sep: Calves Steers & heifers Total On feed Oct 1 3/: 1998 17,401 17,189 10,051 44,641 13,536 1999 17,290 16,891 10,170 44,351 13,218 2000 16,816 16,682 10,147 43,645 13,998 2001 16,216 16,461 10,131 42,808 14,174 2002 1,000 Head 15,753 16,804 10,057 42,614 13,944 2003 15,545 16,554 9,891 41,990 13,122 2004 15,210 16,277 9,806 41,293 13,717 2005 15,250 16,476 9,763 41,489 13,650 2006 15,465 16,933 9,805 42,203 14,028 2007 15,456 17,222 9,899 42,577 14,153 Change from 2008 previous year Percent 15,378 -0.5 17,305 0.5 9,876 -0.2 42,559 0.0 14,234 0.6

31,105

31,133

29,647

28,634

28,670

28,868

27,576

27,839

28,175

28,424

28,325

-0.3

368 7,039 7,407 12,281

322 7,151 7,473 12,884

291 7,458 7,749 13,668

254 6,852 7,106 13,846

238 6,874 7,112 14,024

262 6,683 6,945 13,201

227 6,439 6,666 13,111

198 6,228 6,426 13,128

167 6,453 6,620 14,052

212 6,571 6,783 13,794

212 6,624 6,836 13,756

0.0 0.8 0.8 -0.3

24,953

23,994

22,228

21,855

21,477

21,844

21,516

21,935

21,531

22,001

21,967

-0.2

30,600 14,600 8,100 53,300 10,956

30,500 14,400 8,100 53,000 11,447

30,200 14,300 8,100 52,600 12,350

29,700 14,600 8,200 52,500 13,016

29,400 14,500 7,900 51,800 12,425

29,000 14,200 7,700 50,900 11,737

28,800 14,200 7,550 50,550 11,739

28,900 14,500 7,500 50,900 11,925

28,900 15,000 7,800 51,700 12,420

28,700 14,900 8,000 51,600 12,223

28,600 14,700 8,000 51,300 11,655

-0.3 -1.3 0.0 -0.6 -4.7

42,344

41,553

40,250

39,484

39,375

39,163

38,811

38,975

39,280

39,377

39,645

0.7

394 7,438 7,832 11,706

349 7,785 8,134 12,310

292 7,797 8,089 13,073

256 7,465 7,721 13,175

281 7,678 7,959 12,347

247 7,870 8,117 12,085

209 6,934 7,143 12,161

185 7,204 7,389 12,036

182 7,218 7,400 13,014

184 7,219 7,403 12,489

Feeder cattle outside feedlots on Oct 1:4/ 33,762 32,556 31,438 31,604 31,495 30,698 31,246 1/1995-1997 data revised to incorporate July 1 U.S., and 12 State on feed data. 2/Not including heifers for cow herd replacement. 3/Estimated U.S. steers and heifers. 4/Numbers may not add due to rounding. Sources: Primary Data from National Agricultural Statistics Service; Calculated Variables from Economic Research Service based on National Agricultural Statistics Service data For further information, contact Ken Mathews, (202) 694-5183, kmathews@ers.usda.gov

31,475

31,286

31,708

Total heifers entering cow herd January-June and July-December Year Jan 1 cow inventory Intended Total 1/ July 1 herd disappearancecow replacements Jan.-June inventory Jan. 1 Heifers entering the herd Jan.-June Percent entering Intended Total 2/ entering herd disappearancecow replacements July-Dec. inventory July 1 following year --------41.5 41.6 39.2 39.8 37.9 37.8 38.6 39.9 40.9 36.9 34.5 34.3 36.8 40.2 9600 9200 8900 8600 8500 8400 8200 8300 8200 8400 8700 8800 8600 8500 1000 head 3490 4033 3581 3268 3132 3011 3118 3215 3352 2818 2691 3111 3121 44739 43776 43084 42878 42758 42570 42239 42125 41851 41920 42056 42023 41777 Jan. 1 Heifers entering the herd July-Dec. Percent entering

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 44672 44739 43776 43084 42878 42758 42570 42239 42125 41851 41920 42056 42023 41777

1000 head 10573 10279 10100 9750 9604 9503 9645 9626 9738 9538 9809 10179 10187 10127 3462 3912 3640 3361 3221 3151 3295 3177 3409 2972 2800 2950 3275 3449

45600 45100 44100 43600 43300 43200 43000 42900 42700 42400 42500 42600 42500 42400

4390 4273 3964 3877 3643 3593 3725 3838 3984 3521 3380 3494 3752 4072

Percent

2629 2709 2565 2546 2590 2381 2357 2440 2503 2338 2247 2534 2398

Percent 27.4 29.4 28.8 29.6 30.5 28.3 28.7 29.4 30.5 27.8 25.8 28.8 27.9

1/ Death loss calculated as 1 percent of January 1 cow inventory plus estimated commercial cow slaughter 2/ Death loss calculated as 1/2 percent of January 1 cow inventory plus estimated commercial cow slaughter Sources: Primary Data from National Agricultural Statistics Service; Calculated Variables from Economic Research Service based on National Agricultural Statistics Service data For further information, contact Ken Mathews, (202) 694-5183, kmathews@ers.usda.gov

Beef heifers entering cow herd January-June and July-December Year Jan. 1 cow inventory Intended Total 1/ July 1 herd disappearancecow replacements Jan.-June inventory Jan. 1 Heifers entering the herd Jan.-June Percent entering Jan 1 Intended Total 2/ entering herd disappearancecow replacements July-Dec inventory July 1 following year --------43.7 43.4 40.0 41.9 40.7 38.3 42.1 43.7 44.4 40.5 37.3 37.1 40.6 47.1 5700 5500 5300 5000 4800 4700 4600 4600 4600 4800 5000 5000 4700 4600 1000 head 1976 2392 2019 1918 1742 1619 1797 1785 1833 1554 1476 1798 1796 35319 34458 33885 33750 33575 33398 33134 32983 32861 32915 32994 32891 32553 Heifers entering the herd July-Dec. Percent entering

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 35190 35319 34458 33885 33750 33575 33398 33134 32983 32861 32915 32994 32891 32553

1000 head 6452 6189 6042 5764 5535 5503 5588 5571 5624 5518 5691 5904 5877 5670 1907 2303 2073 1900 1851 1731 1851 1816 1881 1695 1586 1732 1926 2075

36100 35700 34800 34400 34150 33950 33900 33750 33600 33400 33450 33450 33350 33150

2817 2684 2415 2415 2251 2106 2353 2432 2498 2234 2121 2188 2385 2672

Percent

1195 1150 1104 1268 1167 1067 1031 1018 1094 1069 1020 1239 999

Percent 21.0 20.9 20.8 25.4 24.3 22.7 22.4 22.1 23.8 22.3 20.4 24.8 21.3

1/ Death loss calculated as 1 percent of January 1 cow inventory plus estimated commercial cow slaughter 2/ Death loss calculated as 1/2 percent of January 1 cow inventory plus estimated commercial cow slaughter Sources: Primary Data from National Agricultural Statistics Service; Calculated Variables from Economic Research Service based on National Agricultural Statistics Service data For further information, contact Ken Mathews, (202) 694-5183, kmathews@ers.usda.gov

July 1 cattle inventory 1-Jul-00 Class Cattle and calves Cows and heifers that have calved Beef cows Milk cows Heifers 500 lb+ For beef cow replacement For milk cow replacement Other heifers Steers 500 lb+ Bulls 500 lb+ Calves under 500 lb Calf crop: Jan.-June July-Dec 106300 105800 105100 1000 head 103900 103600 104200 105200 104800 1-Jul-01 1-Jul-02 1-Jul-03 1-Jul-04 1-Jul-05 1-Jul-06 1-Jul-07 1-Jul-08 Percent change 2008/2007 104300 99.5

43200 33950 9250 16500 4700 3700 8100 14300 2100 30200 28400 10231

43000 33900 9100 16400 4600 3600 8200 14600 2100 29700 28100 10200

42900 33750 9150 16200 4600 3700 7900 14500 2100 29400 27900 10324

42700 33600 9100 15900 4600 3600 7700 14200 2100 29000 27700 10203

42400 33400 9000 15950 4800 3600 7550 14200 2050 28800 27300 10205

42500 33450 9050 16200 5000 3700 7500 14500 2100 28900 27300 10275

42600 33450 9150 16600 5000 3800 7800 15000 2100 28900 27302 10217

42500 33350 9150 16600 4700 3900 8000 14900 2100 28700 27111 10250

42400 33150 9250 16500 4600 3900 8000 14700 2100 28500 27050 10200

99.8 99.4 101.1 99.4 97.9 100.0 100.0 98.7 100.0 99.3 99.8 99.5

Sources: Primary Data from National Agricultural Statistics Service; Calculated Variables from Economic Research Service based on National Agricultural Statistics Service data For further information, contact Ken Mathews, (202) 694-5183, kmathews@ers.usda.gov


				
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