Prerequisites- Req. 2; CPR, have them bring note from
scoutmaster verifying or recommend that they take CPR
course. Req. 3; swimmers test.
Monday- Do requirements 1, 4, 10, &11.
Tuesday- Do requirements 5, & 9.
Wednesday- Do requirements 6a.
Thursday- Do requirement 7 &8.
Friday- Use to finish up everyone, OA candidates,
review, go practice rowing skills, Rowing Course.
Monday Requirements- 1, 4, 10, 11.
Req. 1- First Aid for Rowing
Show that you know first aid for injuries or illnesses that could occur while
rowing, including hypothermia, heatstroke, heat exhaustion, dehydration, sunburn,
insect stings, tick bites, blisters, and hyperventilation.
• shivering - but only during the early stages
• dry, cold skin
• slow pulse
• slow breathing
• drowsiness - sometimes mistaken for drunkenness - which can lapse into coma.
First Aid Treatment
The first aid response to someone experiencing hypothermia, however, must be made
• Do not rub or massage the casualty
• Do not give alcohol
• Do not use hot water bottles or put the casualty in hot water
• Do not treat any frostbite
Any of these actions will divert blood from the critical internal organs and will worsen
What you should do:
• call the emergency services
• get the casualty to shelter
• replace wet clothing with warm, if it can be done rapidly.
• share body heat with the casualty by sharing a sleeping bag, survival bag, etc.
• give food and hot drinks
• monitor the casualty and be prepared to give Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation.
If the hypothermia has become severe, notably if the person is incoherent or
unconscious, re-warming must be done under strictly controlled circumstances in a
hospital. Bystanders should only remove the victim from the cold environment, including
cold or wet clothing, and get the person to advanced medical care as quickly as possible.
Signs include increasing body temperature (hyperpyrexia), dehydration and lack
of sweating, seizures, collapse and decreased consciousness which proceeds
rapidly to multi-organ failure and death as the brain 'cooks'.
Heat stroke comes on suddenly. Vigilance is required in order to prevent and treat this
rapidly dangerous condition. The first and foremost symptom of a serious heat stroke is
that the patient has stopped sweating. Because the evaporation of water is endothermic,
body heat is taken away by the evaporation of sweat. When the body is no longer capable
of sweating, core temperature will begin to rise immediately and swiftly. The victim will
become confused, often hostile, and may seem drunk. The body temperature must be
lowered immediately and the victim must be hydrated by drinking water. Other
substances may be used in place of water if absolutely necessary, however alcohol and
caffeine should be avoided at all costs, due to their diuretic properties.
Condition caused by overexposure to sunlight or another heat source and
resulting in dehydration and salt depletion, also known as heat prostration. The
symptoms are severe headaches, weakness, dizziness, blurred vision, and
sometimes unconsciousness. However, the body temperature is not elevated as in
heatstroke. The condition is usually temporary and rarely fatal. Water, mineral,
and ion depletion may be so severe that painful spasms of the muscles, commonly
called heat cramps, occur. Treatment includes administering a supplemental
solution to replace the water, minerals, and ions that have been depleted from
Symptoms and prognosis
Symptoms may include headaches similar to what is experienced as a hangover,
decreased blood pressure (hypotension), and dizziness or fainting when standing
up due to orthostatic hypotension. Untreated dehydration generally results in
delirium, unconsciousness, and death.
Dehydration, along with starvation, is commonly viewed as a very unpleasant way
Correction of a dehydrated state is accomplished by the replenishment of
necessary water and electrolytes (rehydration). Even in the case of serious lack
of fresh water (e.g. at sea or in a desert), drinking seawater or urine does not
help, nor does the consumption of alcohol.
When dehydrated, unnecessary sweating should be avoided, as it wastes water. If
there is only dry food, it is better not to eat, as water is necessary for digestion.
A sunburn is a radiation burn to the skin produced by overexposure to ultraviolet
(UV) light, commonly from the sun's rays.
Sunburn is usually not immediately obvious. After being burnt, skin may turn red 2
to 6 hours later. Pain is worst 6 to 48 hours afterward. The burn continues to
develop for 24 to 72 hours after the incident. Skin peeling begins 3 to 8 days
after the burn occurs. Common outcomes include tenderness, pain, red and/or
peeling skin, rash, nausea and fever. Sunburns may be first or second degree
Minor sunburns typically cause nothing more than slight redness and tenderness
to the affected area. In more serious cases blistering can occur. Extreme
sunburns can be painful to the point of debilitation and may require hospital
Insect & Tick Bites & Blisters
Check scout book.
Hyperventilation, also known as tachypnea or hyperpnea, is the state of breathing
faster or deeper than necessary, and thereby reducing the carbon dioxide
concentration of the blood below normal. This causes various symptoms such as
numbness or tingling in the hands, feet and lips, lightheadedness, dizziness
headache, chest pain and sometimes fainting.
The common treatment of breathing into a paper bag is no longer recommended
by physicians and nurses, as it can cause the carbon dioxide level to rise too
rapidly. Instead, the treatment centers around relieving the underlying condition,
such as anxiety. An acute attack of hyperventilation can be treated by breathing
through a piece of garden-hose of about 20 cm. In this way the carbon dioxide
level is quickly normalized.
Req. 4- Safety Afloat & PFDs
Review and discuss Safety Afloat and demonstrate the proper fit and use
of personal flotation devices (PFDs).
➢ Qualified Supervision- mature, responsible, and conscientious adult age 21
or older. 1 Adult to 10 boy scouts, 1 to 5 for cub scouts. CPR certified.
➢ Physical Fitness- complete health history from physician, parent, or legal
➢ Swimming Ability- If not a swimmer, may RIDE as a PASSENGER w/ an
➢ PFDs- must always be worn when on open water.
➢ Buddy System- every person and boat should have a buddy.
➢ Skill Proficiency- Should be experienced in watercraft handling.
➢ Float Plan- Know how long you will be on the water & where.
➢ Local Rules- Know the state & local laws, get permission to cross
➢ Notification- give a copy of your float plan to the parents of the
participants and a member of the unit committee.
➢ Weather- check the forecast before setting out. Know the weather
patterns of the area.
➢ Contingencies- identify possible emergencies and other circumstances
that will change plans.
➢ Equipment- The equipment should be suited for the craft, water conditions,
and meet all state & U.S. Coast Guard requirements.
➢ Discipline- Everyone should know,understand, and obey the rules and
procedures for safe boating. This helps keep the fun safe.
Five types; type I is most effective in rough waters, it has the highest chance of
survival., type II is recommended for closer, inshore cruising, type III is for
water sports and close, inshore operations on lakes and ponds. Type IV is for
throwing not for wearing, type V is a special purpose PFD for workers working
near water, it has an internal buoyancy and are inflatable for extra buoyancy.
Req. 10- Describe the rowing stuff
Describe the following:
a. Types of craft used in commercial, competitive, and recreational rowing.
See merit badge pamphlet.
b. Four common boat building materials. Give some good and bad points of
each. Aluminum; lightweight, strong maintenance free; bad, doesn't float.
Fiberglass; strong, durable, no rust, no dents, no painting: bad, heavy, and
air locks break w/ age. Plastics; lightweight, maintenance free durable; bad,
very little strength. Wood Planking, easiest boat building material to
handle, buoyant; bad, caulking, painting, and soaking for water tightness.
Plywood, light strong, waterproof; bad, painting, caulking, splinters.
c. Types of oarlocks used in commercial, competitive, and recreational rowing.
See merit badge pamphlet.
Req. 11- Discuss rowing stuff
Discuss the following: Look in merit badge pamphlet.
a. The advantage of feathering oars while rowing
2. How to handle a rowboat in a storm (very carefully) stay low & hold on for
stability & head for shore.
3. How to properly fit out and maintain a boat in season, and how to prepare
and store a boat for winter.
4. How to calculate the weight a boat may carry under normal conditions.
5. The differences between fixed-seat and sliding-seat rowing
6. The different meaning of the term sculling in fixed- and sliding-seat rowing.
7. The health benefits from rowing for exercise. Its great aerobic and
Tuesday Requirements- 5, &9.
Req. 5- Basic Rowing Techniques
Alone or with a passenger, do the following correctly in either a fixed-seat
or sliding-seat rowboat:
a. Launch and land from and to shore.
b. Row in a straight line for a quarter mile. Stop, make a pivot turn, and return
to the starting point.
c. Backwater in a straight line for 50 yards. Make a turn under way and return
to the starting point.
d. Properly moor or rack your craft. Demonstrate your ability to tie the
following mooring knots: clove hitch, roundturn with two half hitches,
bowline, and hitching tie or mooring hitch.
Req. 9- Anchors
Show or explain the proper use of anchors for rowboats. Look in merit
Wednesday Requirements- 6a &8.
Req. 6a- Docking w/ passenger
In a fixed-seat rowboat, come alongside a dock and help a passenger into
the boat. Pull away from the dock, change position with your passenger, and scull
in good form over the stern for 10 yards, including at least one 180-degree turn.
Resume your rowing position, return along side the pier, and help your passenger
out of the boat.
Thursday Requirement- 7
Req. 7- Swamp rowboat & row
Alone or with one other person who is a swimmer, tip over a rowboat*. Turn
it right side up, get in, and row or paddle 10 yards with hands or oars. Tell why
you should stay with a swamped boat.
*This requirement can be met in shallow water.
Req. 8- Rescue of swimmer
Alone in a rowboat, push off from the shore or a dock. Row 10 yards to a
swimmer. While giving instructions to the swimmer, turn the boat so that the
swimmer may hold onto the stern. Tow him to shore.