Technology Evaluation by UE1KnW

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									Board Meeting                                                                  Agenda Item 15
February 11, 2003                                                                Attachment 1



                                          Scope of Work

                          University of California Interagency Agreement

                    Evaluation of Conversion Technology Processes and Products


INTRODUCTION

Assembly Bill 2770 (Chapter 740, Statutes of 2002) requires the California Integrated Waste
Management Board (Board) to prepare a report on new and emerging conversion technologies
that might be able to use currently-disposed materials as feedstock. Further, AB 2770 requires
the Board to define and describe each conversion technology; evaluate their technical
performance characteristics, feedstocks, emissions, and residues; and identify the cleanest, least-
polluting technologies. For purposes of this Scope of Work, conversion technology means the
processing, through non-combustion thermal, chemical, or biological processes, other than
composting, of residual solid waste to produce electricity, alternative fuels, chemicals, or other
products that meet quality standards for use in the marketplace.

The purpose of this Scope of Work is to establish guidelines by which the Contractor shall
conduct research on conversion technologies in order to fulfill the requirements of AB 2770 as
described above. The Contractor shall be responsible for completion of the tasks outlined in this
Scope of Work. The Board, in agreement with the Contractor, may modify the Scope of Work
(within reason) based on new information gathered during the contract term and agreed to by
mutual consent of the contracted party(s).


TASKS

Task 1 – Technology Identification /Evaluation

The Contractor shall identify and describe conversion technologies and processes including, but
not limited to, gasification/pyrolysis; hydrolysis (acid and enzyme); fermentation, distillation,
and digestion; catalytic cracking; plasma arc; and steam sterilization. The evaluation of
conversion technologies shall include, at a minimum, an analysis of the performance
characteristics, current technical limitations and commercial status of each technology;
identification of emissions, residues (hazardous and non-hazardous), nuisance factors (noise,
dust, traffic), and other environmental impacts associated with each technology, identification of
the cleanest, least-polluting technologies; description of applicable non-hazardous feedstocks
(e.g., plastics, paper, organic materials) and feedstock requirements (e.g., acceptable moisture
and contamination content, pre-processing requirements); and sensitivity of emissions and
residues to changes in feedstock characteristics.

The evaluation shall also include analyses of: 1) how conversion technologies can contribute to
carbon recycling/efficiency; 2) additional research necessary to improve conversion
technologies’ technical and environmental performance; 3) economic performance including
costs (e.g., capital, operating) and benefits of different equipment and processes for each
technology; and 4) optimal configurations (e.g. size, modularity, economy of scale).
Board Meeting                                                                   Agenda Item 15
February 11, 2003                                                                 Attachment 1



Prior to completing this task, the Contractor shall convene a working group of experts identified
by the Contractor, and subject to the approval of the Board Contract Manager, to present and
discuss information about conversion technologies. Subject to approval of the Board Contract
Manager, the Contractor will be responsible for all logistical details of the meeting including, but
not limited to, securing a location and arranging for audio/visual equipment.

Deliverables: The Contractor shall provide a Technology Evaluation Preliminary Report that
contains all of the information described above, including all presentations and recommendations
from the working group. This report shall also include a database that incorporates fields for
each record summarizing information obtained in each of the main evaluation areas. The
database shall comply with Board software standards and may be posted to the Contractor or
Board websites. This Preliminary Report shall be made available, through the Board Contract
Manager, for peer review by a panel of independent, scientific experts that are either approved
by the Board Contract Manager or that are made available through Board agreements with the
University of California or other appropriate institutions. The Contractor shall incorporate the
Preliminary Report, including revisions based on peer review comments, into the Draft and Final
Reports described in Task 6.


Task 2 – Product Evaluation

The Contractor shall describe the most marketable products of each conversion technology (e.g.,
electricity, fuel gases, alcohols, biodiesel, bio-oils and other biofuels, steam, heat, and other
energy forms, citric acid and other chemicals, organic and inorganic fertilizers, fibers, and other
materials) and the positive and negative environmental attributes of these products compared to
the environmental attributes of similar competitive products. The Contractor shall also describe
the current and likely market potential for the products and identify how similar competitive
products may affect market penetration. The Contractor shall also identify barriers (e.g.,
resource distribution, grid interconnection, fuel distribution infrastructure issues, and regulatory
inhibitors) to successful market penetration of the products derived from conversion technologies
and recommend options to overcome those barriers.

Deliverables: Upon completion of this task, the Contractor shall provide a Product Evaluation
Preliminary Report. This Preliminary Report shall be made available, through the Board Contract
Manager, for peer review by a panel of independent, scientific experts that are either approved
by the Board Contract Manager or that are made available through Board agreements with the
University of California or other appropriate institutions. The Contractor shall incorporate the
Preliminary Report, including revisions based on peer review comments, into the Draft and Final
Reports described in Task 6.

Task 3 – Performance Validation and Research testing

Subject to approval of the Board Contract Manager, the Contractor shall conduct independent
laboratory testing of technologies in order to provide more detailed assessments than possible
through the survey work of the previous tasks. This task may include conducting credible
performance tests and monitoring emissions and waste discharges using approved protocols, in
an attempt to validate or establish the technical and environmental performance of specific
Board Meeting                                                                   Agenda Item 15
February 11, 2003                                                                 Attachment 1


conversion technologies. Work proposed under this task will require specific review and
approval by the Board on a case-by-case basis: prior to initiating testing on any specific
technology, the Contractor shall submit, for the Board Contract Manager’s approval, a written
proposal justifying the work to be conducted and outlining the test plan.

Subject to approval of the Board Contract Manager, the Contractor shall also conduct research
on feedstocks to determine optimal requirements (e.g., acceptable moisture content, pre-
processing requirements, etc.) for maximum conversion of the particular feedstock to product
and for minimizing emissions. The Contractor shall also provide recommendations for
additional research and testing needs on emissions and feedstock.

Deliverable: Following completion of testing, the Contractor shall submit a Performance
Testing Preliminary Report which describes the technologies and feedstocks that were tested, test
methods utilized, test results, and recommendations for additional research and testing including
a preliminary budget. This Preliminary Report shall be made available, through the Board
Contract Manager, for peer review by a panel of independent, scientific experts that are either
approved by the Board Contract Manager or that are made available through Board agreements
with the University of California or other appropriate institutions. The Contractor shall
incorporate all Preliminary Reports, including revisions based on peer review comments, into the
Draft and Final Reports described in Task 6.


Task 4 – Future Technology Proposals

The Contractor shall provide recommendations regarding how the Board might best evaluate, on
a technical, environmental, and economic basis, future proposals received by the Board. These
recommendations can include the feasibility of using an outside contractor on a retainer basis,
Board staff, or other options for such evaluation. The recommendations shall include discussion
of the type of technical expertise necessary to conduct such evaluations and of information needs
and criteria to consider when evaluating proposals.

Deliverable: The Contractor shall provide a Future Technology Proposals Preliminary Report
with recommendations on how the Board should evaluate future proposals. The Contractor shall
incorporate this Preliminary Report into the Draft and Final Reports described in Task 6.


Task 5 –Peer Review for Life Cycle Analysis/Market Impact Assessment

Task 5-A: The Contractor shall provide a list of potential candidates within the University of
California system, not affiliated with this Contract, that the Board can utilize for peer review of
the proposed methodologies and draft results of the Board’s “Conversion Technologies Life
Cycle and Market Impact Assessment” contract.

Task 5-B: The Contractor shall also review and comment on the draft methodologies and draft
results for the “Conversion Technologies Life Cycle and Market Impact Assessment” contract,
both of which shall be provided to the Contractor by the Board Contract Manager. Under the
direction and coordination of the Board Contract Manager, the Contractor shall coordinate its
efforts (e.g., exchange information) under Tasks 1, 2, and 3 above with those of the Contractor
Board Meeting                                                                 Agenda Item 15
February 11, 2003                                                               Attachment 1


for the “Conversion Technologies Life Cycle and Market Impact Assessment” contract and shall
attend and participate in public workshops conducted as part of that contract.

Deliverable: The Contractor shall provide to the Board a List of Potential UC Peer Reviewers.
The Contractor also shall provide two Review Memoranda on the “Conversion Technologies
Life Cycle and Market Impact Assessment” contract to the Board Contract Manager, one that
contains comments on draft methodologies and one that contains comments on draft results.


Task 6 – Draft Final and Final Report

Task 6-A: The Contractor shall submit a Draft Final Report that includes all of the above
information and recommendations for the Board’s future efforts in the area of conversion
technologies. The Contractor shall submit an outline prior to writing the Draft Final Report to
the Board’s Contract Manager for review, comment, and approval.

Task 6-B: The Contractor shall revise the Draft Final Report based on comments received from
the Board Contract Manager, including comments from any peer reviews conducted under the
auspices of the Board, and provide a Final Report to the Board Contract Manager. The Final
Report shall adhere to the Board’s Publications Guidelines and shall be reviewed by the Board
technical editor. The Contractor will not receive final payment until the Board Contract
Manager has approved the Final Report. The Final Report shall be printed double-sided, on
recycled-content paper. The final report shall also be made available in electronic format for
possible posting on the Contractor or Board websites

Timeline and Deliverables

            Task                        Deliverable                Time Frame            Budget
1: Technology                 Technology Evaluation              October 1, 2003       $205,000
Identification and            Preliminary Report
Evaluation

2: Product Evaluation         Product Evaluation Preliminary     October 1, 2003       $ 35,000
                              Report
3: Performance Validation     Performance Testing                November 1, 2003      $ 100,000
and Research Testing          Preliminary Report
4: Future Technology          Future Technology Proposals        November 1, 2003      $ 10,000
Proposals                     Preliminary Report
5: Peer Review                A. List of Peer Reviewers          April 2003            $ 5,000
                              B. Review Memoranda (2)            June and              $ 15,000
                                                                 December 2003         (total)
6: Draft Final Report and     A. Outline of Final Report         October 1, 2003
Final Report                  B. Draft Final Report              December 1, 2003      $ 20,000
                              C. Final Report                    April 2004            $ 10,000
Total                                                                                   $400,000
Board Meeting                                                                    Agenda Item 15
February 11, 2003                                                                  Attachment 1



COPYRIGHT PROVISION

The Board shall be owner of all rights, title and interest in, but not limited to, the copyright and
trademark to all Deliverables developed under this report. Contractor shall establish for the
Board good title in all copyrightable and trademarkable materials developed as a result of this
Scope of Work. Such title shall include exclusive copyrights and trademarks in the name of the
State of California, California Integrated Waste Management Board. The Board shall grant to
the Contractor a non-exclusive, royalty-free, irrevocable and non-transferable license to
reproduce, prepare derivative works and distribute copies of Deliverables for educational
purposes.

								
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