Improving Gender sensitive Data Collection and Quality in Africa

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Improving Gender sensitive Data Collection and Quality in Africa Powered By Docstoc
					                      International Expert Workshop
                        Measuring Gender Equality
                      Taking Stock – Looking Forward

Improving Gender sensitive Data
 Collection and Quality in Africa:
  Challenges and Opportunities

            Presented by Ms. Thokozile RUZVIDZO
      African Centre for Gender and Social Development
       United Nations Economic Commission for Africa



                                         1               12/14/2011
Why Gender Statistics are
critical?
   Provide evidence and unbiased basis for
    policies and measures;
   Monitor and evaluate policies and
    measures with respect to gender
    dimension;
   Raise consciousness, persuade policy
    makers and promote changes
                              2        12/14/2011
Gender Statistics Challenges in
Africa
   Inadequate advocacy for gender statistics;
   Lack of commitment to gender statistics
    development by the national government;
   Inadequate level of and lack of continuity in
    resources;
   Lack of updated statistical legislations that are
    in line with the UN Fundamental Principles of
    Official Statistics;
   Statistical programs are not well related to
    national data priorities because of some
    competing demands;
                                      3          12/14/2011
Gender Statistics Challenges in
Africa (Cont’d)
   Under-development of statistical units in line
    ministries;
   Inadequate long and short-term planning for
    gender statistics development;
   Inadequate technical skills;
   Inadequate statistical infrastructure (sampling
    frames, classifications, documented concepts,
    definitions and methods);
   Inadequate sex disaggregated data
    management (archiving, analysis, and
    dissemination).
                                     4          12/14/2011
Data on violence against
women are difficult to obtain:
   Within the family: intimate partner
    violence; harmful traditional practices …
   Within the community: femicide; sexual
    harassment; trafficking in women …
   Other: VAW in armed conflicts; sexual
    slavery; etc.


                                5        12/14/2011
ECA/ACGS Response

   African Gender and Development Index (AGDI)
   Engendering principles and recommendations on
    population and housing censuses for the African
    region
   African gender statistics network
   Engendering agricultural and trade statistics
   Dissemination of methodologies and tools for
    the development of gender-disaggregated data
                                   6         12/14/2011
The AGDI is a composite
indicator with two
components:
   The Gender Status Index (GSI) that captures
    quantitatively measurable issues related to
    gender equality;

   The African Women’s Progress Scoreboard
    (AWPS) complements the GSI by measuring
    government policy performance regarding
    transformation of social institutions that affects
    women’s advancement and empowerment.
                                      7          12/14/2011
What is new with AGDI?

   Separating the gender status from a country’s
    GDP;
   Making use of data sets that are nationally
    available;
   Incorporating qualitative issues;
   Monitoring mechanism to assess performance in
    implementing the various instruments African
    countries have ratified (CEDAW, BPfA, etc.)

                                  8         12/14/2011
AGDI guiding principles for the
field trials:
   Role of UNECA as a supranational body
    was that of a facilitating, coordinating
    and training body;
   National ownership rather than
    international control



                                9        12/14/2011
Lessons from the field trials
   Hard to get access to data, even while available
    for secrecy issue;
    Inadequate equipment or training and
    insufficient resources restricted access to
    information;
   Tapping the national information sources of the
    countries proved to open a rich mine of data
    and stimulate a consensus binding process;
   Use of national data allowed access to the most
    recent data available.

                                   10          12/14/2011
    Engendering principles and
    recommendations on population and
    housing censuses for Africa
   The assessment of the current status and gender
    characteristics of data in national and sub regional
    statistical databases has shown huge data gaps that need
    to be overcome;
   As long as all the process of data collection is not revised
    in order to take into account the gender perspective, it
    will be difficult to succeed in overcoming the gender
    disaggregating data;
   Objective: Review, from a gender perspective, the
    statistical frameworks for the preparation of the 2010
    Round of Population and Housing Censuses.
                                           11            12/14/2011
African gender statistics
network
   Provide a framework for knowledge sharing,
    peer learning and networking between all
    stakeholders dealing with gender statistics
    issues;
   Advocate for sustained political commitment to
    integrate gender equality concerns into the
    policy agenda and the development of
    standards, frameworks and guidelines on
    statistics.

                                  12          12/14/2011
      Engendering agricultural and
      trade statistics
   In Africa, women constitute the majority of the
    agricultural workforce while their access to land,
    seeds, water, agricultural extension services, training,
    credit and voice and power is still limited, as
    compared to men’s;
   Gender statistics and indicators in all aspects /
    dimensions of national, regional and international
    markets will allow to better address the regional
    integration issue;
   Working on agriculture and trade will provide the
    inter-linkages to understand gender related
    challenges in food security, market access and
    economic productivity.
                                       13          12/14/2011
Dissemination of methodologies
and tools for the development of
gender-disaggregated data
   Guide for mainstreaming gender perspectives
    and household production into national
    statistics, budgets and policies in Africa;
   Improve the skills of statisticians, national
    accountants and policy analysts, on how to
    engender national planning instruments;
   Disseminate these methodologies developed by
    ECA for the collection of gender-disaggregated
    data.

                                  14         12/14/2011
In conclusion …
   All statistics on individuals should be collected,
    collated and presented disaggregated by sex;
   Mainstreaming gender within the national
    statistical system at all levels is of paramount
    importance
   All variables and characteristics should be
    analysed by and presented with sex as a
    primary and overall classification;
   Identify gender issues and ensure that data
    addressing these are collected and made
    available;

                                      15           12/14/2011
… In conclusion
   A better coordination of donors funding surveys
    and census, coming up with a common position
    on engendering data collection process will be
    valuable for generating gender statistics;
   National statistical offices to be endowed with
    adequate resources (skills, equipment and
    funds) to coordinate, centralized or generate
    relevant sex disaggregated data and make them
    accessible to the public at large;
   The building-up of country-level capacity for
    gender related data collection, and research is
    crucial and has resulted in many countries
    formulating comprehensive gender sensitive
    policies.
                                  16          12/14/2011
Thank you for your attention!




                    17     12/14/2011

				
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