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SUMMARY INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMINATION REPORT SLUM IMPROVEMENT

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SUMMARY INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMINATION REPORT SLUM IMPROVEMENT Powered By Docstoc
					     KOLKATA ENVIRONMENTAL IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
              PROJECT MANAGEMENT UNIT




SUMMARY INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMINATION REPORT
    SLUM IMPROVEMENT COMPONENT – PACKAGE XI




                   JANUARY, 2008
                                         CONTENTS



I.     INTRODUCTION                                                                1
       A.     Background and Purpose
       B.     Extent of the IEE

II.    DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT                                                  1

III.   DESCRIPTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT                                              1
       A.     Environmental Conditions and Infrastructure
               – Basic Considerations
       B.     Environmental Conditions within the Slums
       C.     Characterisation of Infrastructure of the Slums

IV.    POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND
       MITIGATION MEASURES                                                         5
       A.     Location and design Phase
       B.     Construction Phase
       C.     Operation and Maintenance Phase

V.     INSTITUTIONAL REQUIREMENTS AND ENVIRONMENTAL
       MONITORING PLAN                                                             7

VI.    PUBLIC CONSULTATION AND INFORMATION DISCLOSURE                              9

VII.   FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS                                                9

VIII. CONCLUSIONS                                                                  9
                                  List of Plates and Figures

Plate 1.             Vicinity map of slum improvement project package XI showing
location of slums
              with their wards and nearby WBPCB’s air quality and IMD stations

                                        List of Tables

Table 1.      Work details in the slums in Package XI

Table 2.      Summary of impacts and mitigation measures for slum improvement
component during
              construction phase

Table 3.     Summary of impacts and mitigation measures during operation and
maintenance phase

Table 4.      Environmental monitoring plan of slum package XI
              List of Abbreviations


ADB     Asian Development Bank
CPCB    Central Pollution Control Board
dB(A)   A-weighted decibels
EIA     Environmental Impact Assessment
GoI     Government of India
GoWB    Government of West Bengal
IMD     India Meteorological Department
IEE     Initial Environmental Examination
KEIP    Kolkata Environmental Improvement Project
KMC     Kolkata Municipal Corporation
MoEF    Ministry of Environment and Forests
NOx     Nitrogen Oxides
OHSP    Operational Health and Safety Plan
PMU     Project Management Unit
RPM     Respirable Particulate Matter
SIEE    Summary Initial Environmental Examination
SO2     Sulphur Dioxide
SPM     Suspended Particulate Matter
WBPCB   West Bengal Pollution Control Board
                                          I.       INTRODUCTION

A.      Background and Purpose
1.        The Slum Improvement component of the Kolkata Environmental Improvement Project (KEIP or
the Project) is aimed at rehabilitation of infrastructure and enhancement of public health and
environmental services in some selected slums [of Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) area] that are
having inadequate infrastructure and adverse environmental conditions. The implementation of the
component as a whole has been planned to cover one slum each from 100 wards of KMC. This Summary
Initial Environmental Examination (SIEE) is with reference to the proposed improvement works related to
8 slums one each from wards 1, 3, 14, 80, 92, 96, 97 and 98 of KMC as Package XI of the Slum
Improvement component of the Project.
2.       The key objective of the SIEE is to identify and present to the stakeholders details of potential
environmental impacts due to implementation of the Package. Such identification has led to the
formulation of appropriate mitigation and monitoring measures ensuring that the perceived adverse
effects are minimized during the construction and operation phases of the planned improvement works
and the slum dwellers enjoy a better quality of life with an improved local environment in future.
B.      Extent of the SIEE
3.      The SIEE is based largely on available existing information on general environmental conditions
observed and reported in the area surrounding the slums. Site visit reports of the engineers of Design
and Supervision Consultant (DSC) of KEIP have provided the necessary input materials to characterise
the local environment and to identify the potential impact of implementation of the planned improvement
works. The SIEE has been prepared in accordance with environmental policy [Environmental Policy
(2002)] and guidelines [Environmental Assessment Guidelines (2003)] of Asian Development Bank
(ADB).

                                    II.        DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT

4.       The Package XI Slum Improvements component of KEIP primarily focuses on rehabilitation of
existing and creation of new infrastructure of the selected slums under the Package. These are given in
Table 1.
                             III.         DESCRIPTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT
A.      Environmental Conditions and Infrastructure – Basic Considerations
5.       Slum improvement works as are designed in KEIP are spot development of identified infra-
structural facilities in the selected slums dispersed over wide areas within the KMC area. Therefore the
positive impact on general environment of the project area in terms of physical and ecological
characteristics, human and economic resources and quality of life values by the improvement works
perhaps is not spectacular. On the other hand such spot development works are immensely beneficial to
the slum dwellers in terms of improved facilities that have a positive impact on the local environment,
public and environmental health and quality of life. Therefore description of environment as is done
traditionally in Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) of area specific projects is of insignificant
relevance. On the other hand a two tier description of the environment as is given below will allow a
meaningful initial environmental assessment of slum improvement works proposed under Package XI.




                                                                                                      1
                                                                       Table 1. Work details in the slums in Package XI

                                         General Information                                                                              Sewerage                                        Water                                                Electricals
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  New light point to be provided




                                                                                                                                Renovation/New line




                                                                                                                                                      manhole & gully pit


                                                                                                                                                                            100 to 250 C.I/D.I



                                                                                                                                                                                                  15 to 80 G.I. pipe
                                                                                                                                 - 100 to 600 Pipe
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Pole                  Fitting
                                                       Pavement area




                                                                                                                                                        Inspection pit,
                                                                                                                 Urinal (nos)
                                                                       Toilet (nos)



                                                                                                Bath (nos)
Serial No.




                                                                                                                                                                                main ( M)
             Borough




                                                                                                                                      line (m)
                                                           (sqm)
                       Ward




                                                                                                                                        Total




                                                                                                                                                             (no)
                              Name of selected slum




                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Long


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Mini




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              FTL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      SV
     1                   1    Khagen Chatterjee Road     5900                                                                         955                 277                                                                              12           12         5
                 I                                                     1500 KMDA toilet reconstruction
     2                   3     Raja Manindra Street      2500                                                                        1200                 180                                       8
                                                                         with two community toilets
     3         III      14        Bagmari Road           4670                             One community toilet                       1600                 185                                     380                         6            25           31         5
     4        IX        80      Brace Bridge Road        2000                             Four community toilet                                              9                                      8
     5                  92           Teliapara           1200                     11                         5                        850                 186
     6                  96         Bidhan Pally          3000                             One community toilet                        260                   40                                    10
               X
     7                  97       Hrishipara Bustee       2000                             One community toilet                        100                   15                  75                155                                      12           12         5
     8                  98      165 Ashok Avenue           750                        5                      2                         55                    9                                    100                                                          20




                                                                                                                                                               2
B.       Environmental Conditions within the slums
        1.       Climate
6.       The climate of the area covered by Package XI of Slum Improvement Project is humid and
tropical. The weather is typically hot and dry from March to May, hot and humid from June to September
and mild from October to February. Climatological data of the Alipur observatory (location shown in Plate
I) reported by India Meteorological Department (IMD) for the decade 1990-1999 indicates the following:
the maximum temperatures were recorded in May (mean maximum 35.2 OC) while the minimum
temperatures occurred during January (mean maximum 14.1 OC). The relative humidity ranged between
86.2% in August to 53.7% in March. The average annual rainfall was about 1919.0 mm. A long term
average is about 1650 mm. The winds were predominantly southwesterly during the summer and
monsoon season and northerly during the winter months. The wind speed is highest during summer
months with average speed of 6.0 km/hr while during the winter months the average wind speed is 2.63
km/hr.
7.      Indoor climatic condition of the slums is a matter of concern especially during summer and
monsoon months in terms of elevated temperature and high humidity because of existing outdoor climate
and inadequate condition of ventilation and congestion in side the slum.
        2.       Air Quality
8.       Based on the ambient air quality monitored by West Bengal Pollution Control Board (WBPCB) in
nearby stations Gariahat, Shyambazar, Ultadanga, Beliaghata, Mominpur, Moulali and Tollygunge, it
appears that the pollutant levels of SPM, RPM, SO2 and NOx in the project area are likely to remain below
the limiting ambient air quality standards of residential area during the typical monsoon (July-August)
months and SPM and RPM partially above standard during summer months (April- May). During the
typical winter months (December-January) levels of SPM and RPM and NOx were exceeding the
standard (in most of the cases), whereas average SO2 level was much below the standard.
9.        Seven slums out of the nine slums are located in urban Kolkata area adjacent to or within close
proximity of one or more busy streets. Due to the location of the slums it is likely to experience air quality
that is typical of urban Kolkata. Elevated air pollution is primarily due to high vehicular traffic on the busy
streets near the slums.
        3.       Indoor Air Quality
10.    There is no secondary data of indoor air quality available for the 9 slums or any slum of Kolkata
metropolis. Majority of household in all the slums use kerosene as fuel for cooking which is less polluting
than coal, gul or wood. However, indoor air quality is likely to be of concern for all the 9 slums as the
houses are primarily built back to back with little or no provision of ventilation.
        4.      Noise
11.     Like other major cities, Kolkata is also very noisy. Results show that Leq noise level of the project
area varied from 68.4 db(A) (Shyambazar) to 77.6 db(A) (Hazra) during 2004 summer. All the noise level
values were significantly higher than the permissible daytime levels of 65 db (A) and 55 db (A) for
commercial and residential area respectively. Vehicular traffic is the main source of noise pollution.
        5.       Flooding
12.     Moderate flooding / water logging problem exists. In most of the slums the existing drains get
clogged, may be said to have inadequate drainage facility with poor level of maintenance. In most of the
occasion combined sewerage and drainage lines are reported to be old, heavily damaged.
        6.       Littering
13.       Some littering problem exists in some of the surveyed slums. Inadequate SWM collection
facilities and awareness may be the probable causes for the reported problem.

                                                                                                           3
        7.       Extent of Greenery/Open Space
14.    No significant open space/ greenery or vegetative cover was observed in most of the slum
surveyed. However playgrounds, ponds, trees, few open spaces and playground are noted.
        8.       Congestion
15.       Predominantly the houses of the slums are built back to back with hardly any space for
ventilation however, due to the presence of open spaces few of the slum are found to be lesser
congested compared to the rest.
        9.       Health and Hygiene
16.     Indiscriminate disposal of garbage in different pockets of the slum were observed. Localized
water logging, garbage disposal and infiltration of wastewater (from nearby hand pump and stand posts)
and broken and clogged drainage system are polluting the water and stressing the aesthetic quality of the
area.
C.      Characterisation of Infrastructure of the Slums
        1.       Housing
17.   Houses of the slums are primarily semi-pucca about (70% to 90 %). Damaged roof/ wall are not
uncommon
        2.       Drainage and Sewerage
18.       Combined sewerage and drainage facility has been provided in most of the slums. Sewerage
and drainage connections are more or less adequate in all the slums. Few open drains also exist in the
slums. However, low to moderate occurrence of clogging of drains was reported from most of the slums.
Existing old and damaged sewer networks may be the probable cause for the reported incidences. In
general following causes may be related to the prevailing conditions of sewerage and drainage systems
of all the slums:
             •   Excessive silting of drains due to lack of maintenance. It was reported that some of these
                 drains were not cleaned for more than 10 years.
             •   Inadequate capacity of the main sewer line serving the slum.
             •   Old and damaged sewer lines.
             •   Wrong alignment of sewer/drain lines.
Constructions of new sewer line are considered in majority of slum.
        3.       Latrines
19.      KMC has provided community latrines and /or hutment latrines in individual hutment in most of
the slums. All the latrines are pour and flush type and generally are connected with the combined
sewerage and drainage lines. The number of latrines provided was reported to be more or less adequate
in most of the slums. The condition of latrines in majority of the slums was reported to be unsatisfactory.
Due to lack of water connection in the latrines excreta was not being properly flushed which resulted in
frequent clogging. Frequent clogging of latrines may also be due to inadequate provision of drainage and
sewerage. Community latrines are cleaned by the KMC Conservancy Staff while the residents usually
clean the latrines in hutment themselves. Based on the complaints of the residents it appears that the
community latrines are less clean compared to latrines in the hutment even though in most slums
community latrines are reported to being cleaned regularly by the KMC. Overuse of community latrines
may be a reason for this. The cleanliness problem is further compounded due to lack of adequate
provision of flushing. The other reason could be the general apathy of residents towards taking proper
care of community assets.



                                                                                                       4
        4.         Bathing and/or Washing Facility
20.     Lack of adequate and separate bathing place for women was reported in all the slums. Lack of
space in many of these slums is considered the reason. Moreover, most of the platforms are damaged
due to lack of maintenance. Construction of new bath platform and renovation of existing bath platform
are necessary.
        5.         Drinking Water Supply
21.       KMC has provided water supply from water reservoir or local deep tube well through stand posts
in all the slums. The numbers of stand posts provided are reported to be adequate in most of the slums.
However, due to low water pressure, availability of water was reported inadequate in all the slums. Since
most of the stand posts or individual house connections do not have taps considerable water is wasted.
It was reported that all stand posts initially had taps but they were stolen, broken or got damaged and are
never replaced. Here too, there appears a general apathy of slum residents in maintaining community
assets.
        6.         Road
22.     All the slums are well connected to nearby main roads. Narrow concrete/ bitumen/ brick road
(0.8-2 m wide) exist in majority of the areas inside the slums. In most of the cases, 15-30 % roads are to
be repaired.
        7.         Lighting/ Electricity
23.     Houses of the slums have electrical connection. Electric connection for these houses is either
from individual or community meters. Untidy electrical wirings were also observed in the slums. However,
there are cases of sparking, burnout and short-circuiting due to overloading.
        8.         Solid Waste Management
24.      Solid waste collection provision provided by KMC appears to be adequate in the slums. Partial
door-to-door collection and/ or vat collection has been provided for residents living in all the slums. Where
residents can not avail door to door facility due to narrow roads within the slum or where door to door
collection does not exist, solid wastes are often dumped in open space at the approach roads or in vats.
Irregular collection of garbage was reported from a few slums.
             IV.        POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND MITIGATION MEASURES
25.     The proposed slum improvement works is expected to have overall positive impacts on
environmental conditions and public health of local communities of slums included in Package XI. Most of
the perceived adverse environmental impacts may occur during the construction phase only and can be
mitigated. Adverse impacts during the operation phase relate to inadequate maintenance and cleaning of
the created facilities and can be avoided by maintaining strictly the scheduled cleaning and appropriate
disposal of the wastes. The potential impacts have been identified and the corresponding mitigation
measures have been worked out.
A.      Location and Design Phase
26.       No additional land will be acquired for creation of new proposed facilities. Renovation of existing
facilities will not also require additional land. Infra-structural facilities will have standard low cost time
tested design suitable in slum areas. Therefore, the potential location and design impacts from the
proposed slum improvement works are not significant.
B.      Construction Phase
27.     Construction phase adverse impacts are transient in nature and will disappear once the
construction phase is completed. A summary of potential impacts during the construction phase of the



                                                                                                          5
slum improvement component (Package XI) of the Project and corresponding mitigation measures is
presented in Table 2.
     Table 2. Summary of impacts and mitigation measures for slum improvement component during
                                         construction phase
                             Potential
                                                     Proposed Mitigation        Institutional
     Project Stage         Environmental                                                           Cost Estimate
                                                         Measures              Responsibility
                              Impacts
Construction           Soil erosion and surface Minimum      construction DSC/PMU/KMC           Adequate provisions
                       runoff                   during monsoon and                              in the bid document
                                                exposed          surface
                                                resurfaced and stabilized
                                                rapidly
                       Dust nuisance               Spraying of water or other DSC/PMU/KMC       Adequate provisions
                                                   suitable means, use of                       in the bid document
                                                   masks and goggles and
                                                   covered transport of
                                                   excess material
                       Disposal of silt and Timely and adequate DSC/PMU/KMC                     Adequate provisions
                       excess soil material disposal of silt and excess                         in the bid document
                                            soil material
                       Soil, ground          and/or Prevention of soil, ground DSC/PMU/KMC      Adequate provisions
                       surface                water and/or surface water                        in the bid document
                       contamination                contamination           for
                                                    contaminated soil
                       Vehicular              and Equipments/machinery to DSC/PMU/KMC           Adequate provisions
                       construction          noise conform       to   vehicle                   in the bid document
                       pollution                   maintenance
                                                   requirements. Activities
                                                   limited within day
                       Relocation         and Relocation      of    utility DSC/PMU/KMC         Adequate provisions
                       temporary disruption of services, in coordination,                       in the bid document
                       utility services        consultation with relevant
                                               authorities and people
                       Water logging/ flooding Prevention    of   water DSC/PMU/KMC             Adequate provisions
                                               logging/ flooding during                         in the bid document
                                               trenching
                       Traffic disruptions         Traffic      management PMU/DSC and Kolkata Adequate provisions
                                                   during construction, in Police              in the bid document
                                                   coordination with Kolkata
                                                   police
                     Health and safety of Formulation              and DSC/PMU/KMC              Adequate provisions
                     workers                  Implementation         of                         in the bid document
                                              Occupational Health and
                                              Safety Measures
DSC = Design and Supervision Consultants, KMC = Kolkata Municipal Corporation, PMU = Project Management Unit.
C.       Operation and Maintenance Phase
28.     A summary of potential impacts during the operation and maintenance phase of the slum
improvement component (Package XI) of the Project and corresponding mitigation measures is
presented in Table 3.




                                                                                                                 6
     Table 3. Summary of impacts and mitigation measures during operation and maintenance phase
                              Potential
                                                   Proposed Mitigation         Institutional
    Project Stage           Environmental                                                              Cost Estimate
                                                       Measures               Responsibility
                               Impacts
Operation and          Contamination       from Regular emptying         of KMC                  Part of on-going KMC
Maintenance            septic tanks             septic tanks                                     activities

                       Flooding and       public Regular cleaning and KMC                        Part of on-going KMC
                       health hazards            maintenance of drains                           activities
                                                 and suitable disposal
                       Contamination         of Water quality in stand KMC                       Regular        monitoring
                       drinking water           posts is regularly checked                       activities
                                                to       secure       non-
                                                contamination
                       Public health risk and Regular cleaning and KMC and user groups           Regular        monitoring
                       hygiene hazards        disinfection of toilets and                        activities
                                              washing/bathing platforms

DSC = Design and Supervision Consultants, KMC = Kolkata Municipal Corporation, PMU = Project Management Unit.
           V.        INSTITUTIONAL REQUIREMENTS AND ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING PLAN
29.       The implementation and monitoring requirements of environmental impact mitigation and
monitoring measures will be met jointly by DSC & Project Management Unit (PMU) of KEIP and KMC.
DSC in particular will take overall responsibility for undertaking and coordinating the mitigation and
monitoring measures identified during the construction phase. The PMU, in consultation with the other
institutional partners of the EMP and the state government, will ensure that the mitigation and monitoring
measures for the operations and maintenance phases are adequately transferred and subsequently
institutionalised within the relevant departments and agencies of Government of West Bengal (GoWB)
and KMC.
30.     In the construction phase, site work practices need to be monitored to ensure that construction
impacts are minimized. This will be a continuous process during the phase and the nominated frequency
of monitoring reflects this. In the operational phase, functioning of the infra-structure through regular
cleaning and testing of the quality of treated water supply and discharge will be monitored to ensure
compliance with environmental standards and the particular characteristics of the receiving environment.
Additionally the occupational health and safety of plant workers will also be monitored, by checking that
the Occupational Health & Safety Plan (OHSP) is properly implemented (Table 4).
                      Table 4.           Environmental monitoring plan of slum package XI
   Mitigation        Parameters to                                                                            Preliminary
                                        Location     Measurements         Frequency    Responsibility
   Measures          be Monitored                                                                               Costing
                                                   Construction Phase
 Soil erosion and      Monitor           Wards      Visual inspection       Daily        Contractor/          Part of DSC
  surface run-off    adherence to        under                                           DSC/PMU               contract
   prevention:         contract         Package
    minimized        specifications       XI
   construction
 during monsoon;
 exposed surface
resurfaced rapidly




                                                                                                                      7
     Mitigation        Parameters to                                                                     Preliminary
                                           Location    Measurements       Frequency     Responsibility
     Measures          be Monitored                                                                        Costing
Prevention of dust        Monitor           Wards     Visual inspection      Daily       Contractor/     Part of DSC
nuisance through        adherence to        under                                        DSC/PMU           contract
 spraying of water        contract         Package
 or other suitable      specifications       XI
       means,
use of masks and
    goggles and
      covered
    transport of
  excess material
   Vehicular and          Monitor           Wards           Noise           Monthly      Contractor/        Rental
construction noise     compliance to        under     measurements on      updates       DSC/PMU            decibel
      pollution          GoI noise         Package     Project-sites as   Spot checks                     frequency
    mitigation to      standards and         XI          per Ambient                                        gauge
conform to vehicle                                     Noise Standard
    maintenance                                        of MoEF/CPCB
   requirements.
  Activities limited
     within day
  Relocation of              Monitor        Wards     Visual inspection    Monthly          PMU           No cost
  utility services      information to      under            and                                         associated
                       affected people     Package       information
                         and relevant        XI            records
                           authorities
  Prevention of              Monitor        Wards     Visual inspection      Daily       Contractor/     Part of DSC
  water logging/        adherence to        under      of water levels                   DSC/PMU          contract
 flooding during            contract       Package
    trenching           specifications       XI
      Traffic            Monitor safe       Wards     Visual inspection      Daily       Contractor/     Part of DSC
  management              passage of        under     of Project areas                   DSC/PMU          contract
      during           traffic including   Package           and
 construction, in          temporary         XI       communications
coordination with         diversions,                   with Kolkata
  Kolkata police             and/or                        police
                         separation of
                        motor vehicle
                          traffic from
                        non-motorized
                       and pedestrian
                              traffic
Health and safety            Monitor        Wards     Visual inspection      Daily       Contractor/     Part of DSC
  of work force           contractors’      under       on sites and                     DSC/PMU          contract
                          formulation      Package        OHSPs
                       and adherence         XI
                                to
                        Occupational
                          Health and
                          Safety Plan
                            (OHSP)
DSC = Design and Supervision Consultants of KEIP




                                                                                                                 8
   Mitigation         Parameters to                                                                            Preliminary
                                             Location       Measurements         Frequency    Responsibility
   Measures           be Monitored                                                                               Costing

                                                Operation and Maintenance Phase
Regular emptying        Number of             Wards          KMC vacuum          Quarterly        KMC          Part of on-
 of septic tanks       septic tanks           under             truck                                             going
                         emptied             Package           Records                                            KMC
                                                XI                                                              activities
Regular cleaning                              Wards         Visual inspection     Monthly         KMC          Part of on-
and maintenance                               under                                                               going
  of drains and                              Package                                                              KMC
suitable disposal                               XI                                                             supervision
                                                                                                                activities
Water of quality in   Sampling of 30          Wards         Chloride, Nitrite,    Annual          KMC          Rs 200,000
  standposts is         stand post            under              total /          checks                           per
     regularly         per month in          Package         fecal coliform,                                     annum
checked to secure          KMC                  XI          metals, Arsenic,
       non-
  contamination
  Cleaning and          Presence of           Wards         Visual inspection    Continuous       KMC           Regular
  disinfection of     pathogens and           under                                                            monitoring
  urinaries and        general state         Package                                                           activities
 washing/bathing       of cleanliness           XI
    platforms

                       VI.       PUBLIC CONSULTATION AND INFORMATION DISCLOSURE
31.      The different facilities that are proposed to be renovated and/or created under Package XI on
the identified slums has been planned and designed after consulting the stakeholders, the residents of
the slums, general public, elected representatives, local councillors, KMC engineers, community leaders
including members of Non Government Organisations (NGOs) and women’s groups. Their views have
formed the foundation of these schemes. The SIEE has been developed through site surveys including
opinions obtained through focused interactions with the beneficiary groups especially the women of
selected slums and the local councillor. This SIEE is also being displayed in the website of KEIP as part
of public disclosure of information of implementation of KEIP.
                                      VII.       FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
32.      Implementation of slum improvement component of Package XI of the Project is expected to
significantly improve the physical and environmental conditions of the chosen slums and support the
ecological resources, human and economic development and the quality of life for their inhabitants. Minor
adverse environmental impacts during construction and operation phases of the improvement plan could
be mitigated if the recommended measures and monitoring are carried out.
                                                    VIII.       CONCLUSIONS
33.       Based on detailed screening and assessment of potential adverse impacts from the various
stages of implementation of Slum Improvement Package XI of KEIP, it is seen that the implementation
will not cause significant environmental impacts if the recommended mitigation measures and monitoring
are carried out. On the other hand it will substantially improve the local environment of the selected slums
and improve the quality of life of the inhabitants to some extent. Given the above, it can be concluded
that an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for slum improvement package XI is not required.




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