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Pyuthan Samachar - 9

VIEWS: 149 PAGES: 8

									                                                             -Ko"7fg lhNnfaf6 k|sflzt klxnf] ;dfrf/d"ns klqsf_
    xfdL ;j}sf] Pp6} /f]hfO{                                                                                                                                cfxf ! oxf“ kf] kfO{bf] /x]5
            xfdL sxfF ljleGg l8hfOgsf cfsif{s                                                                                                                        cfw'lgs l8hfO{gsf /]l8d]6 tyf c8{/
                                   '
 ;'gsf u/uxgfx? vl/b ljlqm ug{sf ;fy} c8{/                                                                                                                  cg';f/sf cfw'lgs d]l;gaf6 tof/ ul/Psf
 adf]lhddf Uof/]G6Lsf ;fy tof/ ul/G5 .                                                                                                                      cfsif{s ;'g rf“bLsf u/ uxgfx? sDKo"6/
    – ;fy} sKo"6/ k|ljlwaf6 gfktf}n ul/G5 .                                                                                                                 d]l;g -PSo"/]6 :s]n_ af6 tf}n u/L Uofl/G6Lsf
       – k'/fgf uxgfaf6 gofF uxgf ;fl6G5 .                                                                                                                  ;fy rflxPdf xfldnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ .
                                                                                                                                                                 k'/fgf uxgf;“u gof“ uxgf ;f6\g' k/]df
         Ps gDj/ ;'g g} xfd|f] ljz]iftf                                                                                                                                 Ps dfq ljZjfl;nf] k;n
                  k|f=] ldg/fh kGyL                                                                                                                                         k|f=] ljho uxt/fh
 dxfnIdL                 ;'g rf“bL k;n                                                                                                                       Go" dxfnIdL kfNkfnL ;' g rf“ b L k;n
               wdf{jtL–! jfUb'nf, Ko"7fg
                df]=g+= M (*$&*@)&^$                                       /fli6«o ;fKtflxs                                                                                     jfUb'nf, Ko"7fg
                                                                                                                                                                    df]=g+= M (*$$()(@#^÷(*$&%)@%$@

      jif{ !!, c+s (, @)^* ;fn d+l;/ @* ut] a'wjf/                                       (Pyuthan Samachar National Weekly 14 Dec. 2011)                                       k[i7 M *           d"No M %
            k'/fgf ufl8x? tkm{ s;}sf] Wofg hfg ;s]g                                                                              :ofpnLjfª k|x/L rf}sL cfqmd0f
 nfvf}+ d"Nosf ;/sf/L ;DklQ sjf8L aGb}
;' h n >] i 7÷Ko" ; ;
                                                                                                                                 kf“r hgfnfO{ bz aif{ s}b
                                                                                                                                afns[ i 0f yfkf÷Ko" ; ;
                                                                                                                                          sf7df08f}{+÷Ko"7fgsf]
                                                                                                                                                                             hn's] a:g] lbg]z elgg] lbn axfb'/
                                                                                                                                                                             a'9f, /f]Nkf ufd uflj;sf g/ axfb'/
           Ko" 7 fg÷ lhNnfdf /x] s f                                                                                            :ofplnjfª k|x/L rf}sL cfqmd0f ug]{ kfFr      a'9f, 6]sjL/ a'9f / b]pl;+x 3lt{n] /fHo
;/sf/L sfo{nosf k'/fgf ;jf/L ;fwgx?                                                                                             hgfnfO{ ljz]if cbfntn] bz jif{ s}b ;hfo      lj?4 ck/fw u/]sf] 7x/ ub}{ cbfntn]
lnnfd ljlqm gubf{ nfvf}+ d'Nosf] ;DklQ                                                                                          ;'gfPsf] 5 . @)^% ;fn df3 @$ ut]             !) jif{ s}b ;hfo ;'gfPsf] xf] . ;hfo
sfd gnfUg] ePsf 5g\ . o:tf ;fdfu|Lx?                                                                                            :ofplnjfª k|x/L rf}sL cfqmd0f ul/ /fHo       ;'gfOPsf dWo] 6]s axfb'/ a'9fsf] lgwg
;dod} lnnfd ljlqm gubf{ To;af6 k|fKt                                                                                            lj?4 ck/fw u/]sf] 7x/ ub}{ cbfntn]           e};s]sf] 5 .
x'g] /fh:j ;d]t u'Db} uPsf] 5 .                                                                                                 pgLx?nfO{ !) jif{ s}b ;hfo ;'gfPsf] xf] .               cfOtjf/ ljz]if cbfntsf
           lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{no, lhNnf                                                                                                    /f]Nkf pjf uflj;sf ;]t axfb'/      cWoIf uf}/L axfb'/ sfsL{, Gofoflw;
ljsf; ;ldlt, lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no, lhNnf                                                                                         k'g, ufd uflj; ^ 3/ e} c3f{vfFrLsf]                             af“sL * k]hdf ====
s[lif ljsf; sfof{no;+u o:tf uf8L /x]sf
5g\ . cfwf bh{g ;/sf/L uf8L sfd gnfUg]
cj:yfdf lju|/ a;]sf 5g\ .
               ]
           sl/j @ bzs cl3sf] lhNnf
                                                                                                                                 klxnf] k6s lgdf{0f lbj; dgfOof]
                                                                                                                                Ko" 7 fg ;dfrf/ ;+ j fbbftf                  aflx/ pkrf/sf nflu hfg g;s]sf Ps
s[lif ljsf; sfof{nosf] 6f]P6f uf8L lnnfd                                                                                                     Ko" 7 fg÷ lgdf{ 0 f Joj;foL     afnsnfO{ cfly{s ;xof]u ;d]t u/]sf]
ljqmLsf nflu sfof{non] kxn u/]sf] 5}g                                                                                           ;ldlt Ko"7fgn] lhNnfdf klxnf] k6s            5 . lgdf]lgofsf lj/fdL bfvfSjf8L–%
. lnnfd ljqmLsf nfuL k|lqmof emGeml6nf]                                                                                         rf}yf] /fli6«o lgdf{0f lbj; @)^* dgfPsf]     sf $ dlxgfsf l;z' >Lw/ s]=;L=nfO{
                  '
x'g] sfof{no k|dv Zofdk|;fb l/hfnn]                  lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no Ko"7fg kl/;/df /x]sf k'/fgf uf8Lx?                     5 . lbj;sf cj;/df lhNnf sf/fuf/              pkrf/sf nflu ;xof]u /sd k|bfg
atfpg'eof] . pFxfn] eGg'eof], …x:tfGt/0f                                                                                        Ko"7fgdf /x]sf s}bL alGbx?nfO{ v]ns'bsf      ul/Psf] xf] . >Lw/sf a'jf gf/fo0f
klg ePsf] 5}g, lnnfd ug{ cK7\of/f]         /fKtL c~rnsf] ;du| ljsf;sf nflu                        :yfgLo ljsf; clwsf/L lji0f'   ;fdfu|L lat/0f u/]sf] 5 . ljlxjf/            s]=;L=nfO{ gub ^ xhf/ ?k}of ;xof]u
cj:yf 5 .Ú lgnf] Kn]6 ePsf] pQm uf8Lsf]    cfly{ s aif{ @)#&÷)#* b] l v               k|;fb kf]v|]nn] cfkm"x?nfO{ uf8L lnnfd    ;ldltn] alGbx?nfO{ vfnL ;dosf]               ul/Psf] ;ldltsf cWoIf zf] e f/fd
d'No lgwf{/0f ug{ d]sflgsn OlGhlgo/        @)$@÷)$# ;Dd ;~rnfg ul/Psf]                ug{sf nflu uf8L lhlj;sf] gfddf            ;b' k of] u ug{ s f nflu Sof/d af] 8 {       e08f/Ln] atfpg'eof] .
cfjZos kg]{ ePsfn] klg lhNnfdf o;sf]                                     ]
                                           lyof] . ut jif{ lnnfd ug{ vf]hsf] ePklg    gePsf] atfpg'eof] . pFxfn] eGg'eof],      x:tfGt/0f u/]sf] xf] .                                  ;ldltn] lbj;sf] cj;/df
;d:of /x]sf] pFxfn] atfpg'eof] . …lnnfd    To;f] x'g ;s]g . ;f] ufl8sf] gDj/ /f !     …lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] :jfldTjdf g}                     To:t} lhNnf c:kQfn              ;b/d'sfd vn+ufdf …Ko"7fg lhNnfsf]
u/]klg s;}n] gn}hfgn] cj:yfdf 5 .Ú         em @& /x]sf] 5 . uf8L dd{t ug{ w]/}        uf8L 5}g .Ú jif}lkR5] sfof{nosf] lhG;L    lah'jf/df la/fdLx?nfO{ kmnkm'n lat/0f        ljsf;df lgdf{0f Aojf;foLx?sf] e'ldsfÚ
pFxfn] eGg'eof] .                          vr{ nfUg] ePsfn] dd{t ug{ g;lsPsf]         lgl/If0f u/L lnnfd ljqmL ug]{ u/]sf]      u/]sf] 5 . ;f]xL qmddf c:ktfnaf6 l/km/       ljifos cGt/lqmof sfo{qmd ;d]t u/]sf]
           /fKtL Plss[t u|fdL0f ljsf;      lhlj;sf :6f]/ lsk/ ;/f]h zfSon]            atfpFb} clwsf/L kf]v|]nn] uf8Lsf] xsdf    ul/Psf / cfly{s cefjsf sf/0f lhNnf                               af“sL $ k]hdf ====
kl/of] h gf ;+ r fngsf j] n fdf lhNnf      atfpg'eof] . …dd{t ug{ sDtLdf ^÷&          sfuhkq / :jfldTj gePsf]n] k|lqmof
ljsf; ;ldltn] kfPsf] uf8L klg #
jif{b]vL lju|]/ ylGsPsf] 5 . kl/of]hgf
                                           nfv vr{ nfU5 .Ú pFxfn] eGg'eof] …k'/fgf]
                                           ePsfn] af/Djf/ dd{t ug'{kg]{ x'G5 .Ú
                                                                                      cuf8L ga9fOPsf] atfpg'eof] .
                                                                                                        af“sL & k]hdf ====       dNn/fgLsf] lbj; / ;ef ul/of]
                                                                                                                                Ko" 7 fg ;dfrf/ ;+ j fbbftf                  dx] G b| gd' g f pdfljsf b[ l i6ljlxg
            '
 clwsf+; s]an btf{ gu/L ;~rfngdf                                                                                                             vn+ u f÷ dNn/fgL u| f dL0f
                                                                                                                                ljsf; ;/f]sf/ s]Gb| vn+uf Ko"7fgn]
                                                                                                                                cfkm\gf] ## cf}+ :yfkgf lbjz tyf @^
                                                                                                                                                                             ljBfyL{nfO{ nQf sk8f k|bfg ul/Psf]
                                                                                                                                                                             lyof] . dx]Gb| gd'gf pRr dfWolds
                                                                                                                                                                             ljBfno sIff !! df cWoog/t !÷!
lu?k| ; fb e08f/L÷Ko" ; ;                  ljh'jf/, ljhgu/ / bfvfSjf8L uflj;          btf{ ug{ tfs]tf u/] klg cem} btf{         cf}+ jflif{s ;fwf/0f ;ef zlgjf/ dgfPsf]      hgf 5fq5fqfnfO{ 5fqj[lQ k|bfg ul/Psf]
             Ko" 7 fg÷ kl5Nnf] ;do         If]qsf nflu k|sfz s]j'n g]6js{ /           k|lqmofdf cfpg g;s]sf] sfof{no k|d'v      5 . ;+:yfn] lbjzsf] cj;/df ;b/d'sfd          lyof] . To;}u/L ¥ofnLdf ;xefuL dWo]
;+rf/ dfWodsf] ljsf;;Fu} 6]lnlehg          af+u]zfn If]qsf nflu zflGt Hof]lt lehg     cDd/axfb'/ s]=;L=n] atfpg'eof] . g]kfn    vn+ufdf ¥ofnL kZrft 6'l8v]ndf d+r            pTs[i6 ;d'x eujtL :jfjnDjL ;d'x
k|ltsf] df]x ;d]t a9\b} uPsf] 5 .          ldl8of P08 s] j ' n g] 6 js{ ;+ r f/       ;/sf/n] ut jif{ lhNnf lhNnfdf ;+rf/       sfo{qmd u/]sf] lyof] .                       vn+uf, ;+ud ;fd'bflos ;+:yf vn+uf /
ljB't ;'ljwf pknAw ePsf lhNnfsf                                     ]
                                           dGqfnodf btf{ 5g\ . af+u;fn–^, b/efg       dfWodsf] ljsf; tyf u' 0 f:tl/otf                       sfo{qmddf ;+:yfn] ljleGg        rf} t f/L ;fd' b flos ;+ : yf vn+ u fnfO{
ljleGg 7fF p df s' g } g s' g } ?kdf                                       '
                                           Ko"7fg l:yt zflGt Hof]lt s]jn @)^%         Nofpgsf nflu / cg'udgsf nflu x'nfs        ljwf tyf If]qdf sfo{/t JolQm, ;d'xnfO{       k'/:s[t u/]sf] 5 .
6]lnlehg x]g{]x?sf] ;+Vof klg a9\b}        ;fndf btf{ eP klg gljs/0f gu/]sf           sfof{ n o clws[ t sf] ;+ o f] h sTjdf     k'/:sf/ tyf ;Ddfg u/]sf] 5 . h;df                       ;+ : yfn] cfufdL lbgdf
uPsf] 5 . ufFp ufFpdf :of6fnfO6 -          sf/0f Tof] vf/]h ePsf] 5 . k|To]s cfly{s   :yfgLo ;dGjo ;ldlt u7g u/]sf] lyof]       klxnf] ljsf; kqsfl/tf k'/:sf/ dw';bg'        ;+rfng ug{sf] nflu k|:tfljt ;+:yfsf]
l8;xf]d l6eL_ dfkm{t klg 6]lnlehg          jif{sf] c;f/ d;Gtfdf gljs/0f ug{' kg{]     . ah]6 tyf sfo{qmd dGqfno dfkm{t          e08f/L, pTs[i6 sd{rf/L x]km/ OG6/g]zgn       /0fgLlt of] h gf tof/L, ;+ : yfsf]
x]g{] ub{5g\ . Ko"7fg lhNnfsf k|fo ahf/    Joj:yf /x]sf] 5 . Dofb ;lsPsf] ^ dlxgf     cfpg 5f]8] kl5 ;ldlt lgis[o aGb}          g]kfnsf sfo{qmd ;+of]hs j]b/fh zdf{          cflwsf/Ls ;+rf/ ;]jf k|bfos 5gf}6,
If]qdf s]j'n ;+ngdf 5g\ t/ clwsf+;         leq gljs/0f gu/]df :jtM vf/]h x'g]         uPsf] sfof{ n o k| d ' v s] = ;L=n]       kf08]nfO{ k'/:s[t u/]sf] 5 . To;}u/L                             af“sL $ k]hdf ====
s]j'n ca}B ?kdf ;+rflnt 5g\ .                                                   '
                                           Joj:yf /x]sf] 5 . Jn]hg / k|sfz s]jnn]     atfpg' e of] . …xfldn] dGqfnosf]
             cflwsfl/s lgsfodf btf{
gu/L lhNnfdf !% eGbf al9 s]a'n
                                           eg] lgoldt gljs/0f u/]sf] lhNnf x'nfs
                                           sfof{no Ko"7fgn] hgfPsf] 5 .
                                                                                      sfdnfO{ ;xhLs/0f ug{ ] xf] Ú k| d ' v
                                                                                      s]=;L=n] eGg'eof], …btf{ ug{], sf/jfxL       cfsif{s 3/ ;hfj6sf nflu
g]6js{ ;+rfngdf 5 . clxn] ;Dd                         ;+rf/ dGqfnodf btf{ ug{' kg{]   ug{] clwsf/ sfof{nonfO{ gePsfn] klg
pgLx?nfO{ btf{ k|lqmofdf Nofpg cyjf        o:tf s]j'nsf] gljs/0fsf] nflu eg]          o:tf] e}/x]sf] xf] .Ú                            /+u/f]ugn] 3/ ;'Gb/ agfpg] tkfO{sf] ;kgf k'/f
sfj{fxL ug{ s'g} lgsfon] rf;f] lbPsf]      lhNnf x'nfs sfof{no dfkm{t ug{] k|fjwfg               btf{ ug{ emGhl6nf] k|lqmof      u5{ j:g]t c8{/ P08 ;Knfo;{ ljh'jf/ Ko"7fgn] .
5}g\ . ;b/d'sfd vn+uf If]qsf nflu          5 . ut jif{ lhNnf x'nfs sfof{non]          ePsfn] btf{ k| l qmofdf guPsf]             xfdLsxf“ Ogfd]n, job/ uf8{, r'gf, k]G6, 8f]/ cfO6d, kbf{, sf“6L, sJhf, olt
Jn]hg :k]; s]j'n g]6js{, wdf{jtL,          lhNnfdf cg'udg ul/ cj}B s]j'nnfO{                            af“sL $ k]hdf ====       sfk]{6, Knfli6s sfk]{6, lsrg tyf afy?dsf nflu cfjZos ;Dk'0f{ ;fdu|Lx?
                                                                                                                                 v'b|f tyf xf]n;]n ljlqm ul/G5 . ;fy} cTofw'lgs d]lzgjf6 sn/ jgfOG5 .
                                                                                                                                 g]kfn zfnLdf/ k]G6\;sf] Ko"7fg :yLt cflwsf/Ls ljqm]tf
                                                                                                                                                             k| f ] M nf] s jxfb' / j:g] t
                                                                                                                                                          j:g]t c8{/ P08 ;Knfo;{
                                                                                                                                                ljh'jf/ -sflnsf rnlrq ejgsf] cuf8L_, Ko"7fg
                                                                                                                                        ;Dks{ M )*^–$^)$^&, df]jfOn M (*%&*#!!(%÷(*$&(^!^%@

                                                                                                                                                        Ps gh/ Ptf=====
                                                                                                                                          cfw'lgs l8hfO{gsf /]l8d]6 tyf c8{/ cg';f/sf cfw'lgs
                                                                                                                                 d]l;gaf6 tof/ ul/Psf cfsif{s ;'g rf“bLsf u/ uxgfx? sDKo"6/
                                                                                                                                                  ]
                                                                                                                                 d]l;g -PSo"/6 :s]n_ af6 tf}n u/L Uofl/G6Lsf ;fy rflxPdf xfldnfO{
                                                                                                                                 ;Demg'xf];\ .                      u/
                                                                                                                                                              s  nL <
                                                                                                                                                          gS g                 k|f=] ljho uxt/fh
                                                                                                                                                     \ x}, ' xfnf l
                                                                                                                                                               ]
                                                                                                                                             'g 'xf]; ug         Go" dxfnIdL kfNkfnL ;' g rf“ b L k;n
                                                                                                                                         g x 7l
                                                                                                                                      jwf gfaf6
                                                                                                                                    ;f ux                                           ljh'jf/–^, Ko"7fg
                                                                                                                                                                       df]=g+= M (*$&(*)#*%÷(&$*%!(!^(

     æ3/ 3/df rkL{ lhNnfsf] zfg, k"0f{ ;/;kmfO{ o'Qm Ko"7fg xfd|f] klxrfgÆ æ;g\ @)!#, ;/;kmfO{ k"0f{ Ko"7fg x]/Æ
 Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                              @)^* ;fn d+l;/ @* ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                    @
                       ;Dkfbs÷k|sfzs                                                                                b[ l i6sf] 0 f
                        Odfgl;+x ef/tL
    sfo{ s f/L ;Dkfbs
         ljho l;+x ef/tL
      k| d ' v ;Djfbbftf
                                              ;Nnfxsf/
                                            l6sf/fd zdf{ l/hfn
                                             nf]s axfb'/ a:g]t
                                                                       jGbLu[xdf s}b /fhgLlt
              ;'hn >]i7
                                                                                    g] k fnsf ;a} /fhgLlts          eg] rfFbL s6fOsf] hLjg lhpg kfOFb}g .                          k| b Lk g] k fn
                                                                       kf6L{x? /fhgLlt ubf{ hgtfsf] gfd lng]        dx]Gb|kl5sf /fhf lj/]Gb|n] klg log}
          Joj:yfks                         sfg" g L ;Nnfxsf/           u5{g\ . of] /fd|f] s'/f xf] . t/ lbgdf       Pln6x?sf] l;sf/ u/] hgtfsf] lbdfu             eof] . duGt], ul/a, c/fhs /fhgLltsf]
             s]z/ /f]sf                     /d]z k|;fb /fhe08f/L       sDtLdf klg cfwf bh{gk6s hgtfsf]              e'6\g . ufpF kms{ /fli6«o cleofg cyjf         w/ftnLo oyfy{df ;+3Lotf cfOnfUg'
                        k| w fg sfof{ n o                              gfd lng] /fhgLlts bnsf g]tfx?n]              )#^ sf] hgdt ;+u|xdf 3f]if0ff ul/Psf]         eg]sf] of t Joª\Uo xf] of ljgfz . t/
                        vn+uf–%, Ko'7fg                                cfkm\gf] Jojxf/df hgtfk|lt ;fdfGo            …ax'bnLo Joj:yf ls ;'wfl/Psf] k~rfotÚ         s;}n] ;'Gg rfx]g hgtfsf] k'sf/ . lsgeg]
               kmf]g÷km\ofS; M )*^–$@))((÷$@)))@                       rf;f] /fv]sf] clxn];Dd v]Vg kfOPsf]          h:tf /fd|f gf/fsf] cf8df lg/+s'ztfsf          ;a} n fO{ yfxf 5– xfdLn] ef] U g' k g] {
              O{d]n M pyuthansamachar@yahoo.com                        5}g / b]Vg kfOPnfh:tf] klg nfu]sf]           kIfw/ a'l5hLjLx?sf] ctL{a'l4sf sf/0f          ljgfzsf/L ;+3Lotf klg ;+o'Qm /fHo
                                                                       5}g . l;4fGtsf lx;fadf s'/f p7fpg]           nfd} ;do;Dd jL/] G b| n ] hgtfdfly            cd] l /sfdf lgld{ t Pln6x?dfkm{ t g}
                              d' b | 0 f                               xf] eg] g]kfnsf] /fhgLlt nfdf] ;dob]lv       zf;g ug]{ sfd u/] .                           g]kfndf l5/]sf] xf] . tYox?n] s/fO{s/fO{
        ef/tL 5fkfvfgf tyf :6]zg/L pBf]u vn+uf, Ko"7fg                 …Pln6Ú -of] zAbsf] g]kfnL cy{ …vf;                         ax'bn cfPkl5 /fhgLltdf          elg/x]sf 5g\–o"P;P8sf hflu/]x? /
           kmf]g M )*^–$@))((÷(*$&*@))((÷(*$&*#*%(#                    ;d'bfodf cfkm"nfO{ dflyNnf] >]0fLsf]         hg;d'bfosf] x:tIf]k a9\5 ls eGg] cfzf         hghflt elgPsf ;d'bfosf kLPr8L u/L
                                                                       ;Demg] dflg;x?sf] ;d"xÚ eGg] x'Fbf]/x]5_     clncln knfpg yfn]sf] lyof] . t/ Tof]          8fS6/ n]Vg] ;'ljwf kfPsf Pln6x?n] g}
                        sDKo"6/ n]–cfp6                                sf] sAhfdf kmF ; ] s f] b] l vG5 . rfx]      klg v]/} uof] . k~rfot hf]ufpg cfkm\gf]       ;+3Lotfsf] dfu u/]sf x'g . of] ;+3Lotfsf]
             n]sfnL sDKo"6;{ P08 df]jfO{N;                             k~rfotsfn xf] ; \ , rfx] ;+ ; bLo            ana' l 4 nufPsf ltg} Pln6x?n]                 kmn klg ltg} Pln6n] pkef]u ug]{5g\ .
          kmf]g M )*^–$@))$)÷(*$&*@)#@)÷(*$&*@)(((                     k|hftGqsf] sfn of clxn] nf]stflGqs           ax'bndfly sAhf hdfP . s'g} JolQm              cfh dfcf]jfbL cfkm"nfO{ hftLo cfwf/sf]
                                                                       u0ftGqsf] sfnd} lsg gxf];\, jf:tljs          k|ltsf] u'gf;f] xf]Og of] . )$^ df            ;+3Lo ljefhgsf] RoflDkog agfPsf] 5
hLjg lgtfGt 5f]6f] 5 / xfdL jt{dfgdf afFRg l;Sg' k5{ – cp8«L nf]8{     hgtfsf] pkl:ylt g]kfnL /fhgLltdf b]Vg        kl/jt{gsf Pshgf x:tL g]kfnL sf+u;sf   ]|      . t/ ltgn] /fHo k'gM;+/rgfdf hfg'cl3
                                                                       kfOPsf] 5} g . ))& ;fnnfO{ 7" n f]           ;efklt s[i0fk|;fb e6\/fO{n] …xfdL t           g} cd]l/sL ;xfotf lgof]u cGt{ut
                                                                       k|hftflGQs kl/jt{g eGg] g]kfnL sf+u;sf]
                                                                                                            ]|      dl/rdfg l;+ x hLnfO{ klg kf6L{ d f            g]kfndf ;~rflnt Knfg g]kfnsf Ps

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                                                                       bfaLsf] oyfy{ cg'xf/ yfxf kfpg aLkL
                                                                       sf]O/fnfsf] k|hftflGqs ;dfhjfbdf
                                                                       ljZjf; ug]{ 8fodg zdz]/sf] hLjgsyf
                                                                       k9\bf To;leqsf] Plnl6Hdsf] 1fg x'G5
                                                                                                                    cfdlGqt u5f} { Ú eg] / efif0f u/] k l5
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                                                                                                                    lg/+sztGqsf] 6]sf] ag]/ plePsf Pln6x?
                                                                                                                    km6fkm6 k|hftGqsf 6]sf] aGg cfOk'u] .
                                                                                                                                                                  hgf g]kfnL 8fO/]S6/n] /fHosf] k'gM;+/rgf
                                                                                                                                                                  u/]/ sfd/]8 k|r08sf] lbdfudf …;+3if{sf]
                                                                                                                                                                  w/ftn ju{ xf]Og hflt x'g'k5{Ú eg]/
                                                                                                                                                                  cfkm\gf] cd]l/sL 1fg ;'Dk'jf ul/;s]sf
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                                                                                                                    6f7faf7f k~rx? km6fkm6 sf+u]; eP eg]
 sfg'gsf] kfngf u/f}+                                                  . aLkL sf]O/fnfn] ;xeflutf hgfpg
                                                                       g;s] s f] lbNnL ;Demf} t f g] x ? /
                                                                       lqe'jgaLrsf] ;Demf}tf /x]5 . aLkL
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                                                                                                                    afFsL /x]sfx?n] kf6L{ g} vf]n/ k|hftGqsf]
                                                                                                                    ef]6f] cf]9] . lg/+s'ztGq e;]{; k|hftGqsf]
                                                                                                                    tL; jif{sf] n8fOFsf] ;f/nfO{ nft xfGb}
                                                                                                                                                                  lyP . hftLo ;+l3otfsf RoflDkogx?sf]
                                                                                                                                                                  k[i7e"ld x]g'{eof] eg] ltgLx? cfkm\gf]
                                                                                                                                                                  ;d' b fosf 7" n f 7fn' cyf{ t cfkm\ g f]
          ;'rgf k|ljlwsf] ljsf;;Fu} Ko"7fg lhNnfsf ufFp                sf]O/fnf, s]=cfO{=l;+x / 8fodg zdz]/sf       ltg} lg/+s'ztGqsf kIfw/x? ax'bnLo             ;d' b fodf cfkm" n fO{ 7" n f] / ljlzi6
                                                                       ;+:d/0fx? k9\bf yfxf x'G5 Tolta]nf aLkL      k|hftGqsf ;fF9] x'g k'u] .                    7fGg]x? g} e]l6G5g\ . oxL 7fn'kg Pln6
ufFpdf 6]lnlehg x]g]{ bz{sx?sf] ;+Vof klg a9\b} uPsf]                  sf]O/fnf hgtfsf] k|ltlglwTj uy]{ . To;}n]                  lg/+ s ' z tGqsf] ue{ a f6      xf] egL cf/Ded} d}n] elg;s]sf] 5' cyf{t
                             F
5 . 5fkf dfWod b]lv >Jo x'b} >Jo–b[Zo ;lxtsf] ;+rf/sf]                 aLkLnfO{ g]x?, lqe'jg / dft[sfn] lbNnL
                                                                       ;Demf}tfdf ;d]6\g rfx]gg\ .
                                                                                                                    ;fngfn lnP/ hlGdPsf] ax' b nLo
                                                                                                                    k|hftGq c;kmn x'g' cjZoDefjL lyof]
                                                                                                                                                                  k~rfotb]lv lg/Gt/ /fhgLltnfO{ cfkm\gf]
                                                                                                                                                                  d' 6 \ 7 Ldf /fVb} cfPsf] Pln6n]
ljsf;n] cfd gful/ssf] ;'rgfsf] xs k|Tofe'tL u/fpFg                                  kl5Nnf lbgdf klg o:tf           . To;dfly hgtfsf] kxnsbdLnfO{                 ;+3Lotfdfly sAhf hdfO;s]sf] 5 .
                                                                       gsfd w]/} ePsf 5g\ . /fhf lqe'jgn]           k6Ss} :jLsf/ ug[ g;s]sf] )%@ ;fnsf]           To;}n] of] ;+3Lotf klg hgtfsf] ;+3Lotf
                      ]
dxTjk"0f{ e'ldsf v]ns} 5 . s]lx x'g] vfg]x?n] t :of6fnfO6              7"n} 5n5fd u/]/ k|hftGqnfO{ cfkm\gf]         cbfntL km} ; nfn] k| h ftflGqs                x'g] ;Defjgf ;dfKt eO;s]sf] 5 .
                                                                       kfl/jfl/s ;Qf ;'b[9Ls/0fsf] dfWod            ;+ljwfgfnfO{ sl:;P/ Ps nft ahfof]                         >dhLjL ;d' b fosf] d' l Qm
dfkm{t 3/3/df 6]lnlehg x]g{ kfpnfg\ g} t/ s]lx ljkGg                   agfP . u0ftflGqs ;+ljwfg lbG5' eg]/          / v' n ] c fd lg/+ s ' z tGqsf k| d ' v       >dhLjL ;d'bfos} xftdf x'G5 eg]sf]
kl/jf/sf] nflu of] c;Dej h:t} klg x'g ;S5 . o;cy{df                    ))& ;fnsf] k|hftflGqs 3f]if0ff ug]{ /fhf
                                                                       lqe' j gn] dg] { a] n f;Dd u0ftGqnfO{
                                                                                                                    v]nf8LnfO{ k|hftflGqs ;Qf x:tfGt/0f
                                                                                                                    u¥of] . ;xL s'/f eGg] xf] eg] )%# d}
                                                                                                                                                                  5g\ xhf/jif{ sfnv08sf dxfg\ lrGts
                                                                                                                                                                  sfn{dfS;n] . dfS;sfnLg j}rfl/s 4G4sf
                          '
ahf/ If]qdf ;+rflnt s]jn g]6js{x?n] lbPsf] of] cj;/nfO{                cfo{3f6d} k'¥ofP/ bfx;+:sf/ ul/;s]sf         g]kfndf k|hftGqsf] xTof eO;s]sf] lyof]        af/]df /fd|/L cWoog u/L ljZn]z0f u/]sf
                                                                       lyP eg] /fhtGqsf] ;'b9Ls/0f g} k|hftGq
                                                                                               [                    cbfntL aGbf]]a:tsf cf8df .                    xn 8«fk/n] ;dfhjfbsf] lgdf{0f tnaf6
;sf/fTds ?kdf lng ;lsG5 .                                              xf] eGg] unt ;+:sf/ cfkm\gf 5f]/fgfltdf                    /fhf 1fg] G b| n ] c;kmn s"     ls dflyaf6 eGg] a}rfl/s 4G4sf] rrf{df
                                                                       ;f/]/ d'n'snfO{ 7"nf] e8\vfnf]df xfNg]       gu/]sf] eP olt ;lhn} u0ftGq cfpg]             sfn{dfS; tnaf6} ;dfhjfbsf] lgdf{0f
          x/]s Joj;fox? gfkmfd'vL x'G5g\ g} t/ gfkmfd'vL               gsfd klg u/]sf lyP . oyfy{df lqe'jg          lyPg g]kfndf . Pln6x?n] el/Psf] g]kfnL        x'g'k5{ eGg] ;RrfOsf] hfgsf/L u/fPsf
x'g] lgx'df sfg'gsf] g} pn+3g ug{' eg] hfoh xf]Og . s]jn
        F                                                '             s'g} k|hftflGqs /fhf lyPgg\ . /f0ffn]        /fhgLltn] hlt efif0f u/] klg /fhf             5g\ . Pln6x?n] ;fx|} w]/} /fd|f sfd ug'{
                                                                       sAhf u/]sf] kfl/jfl/s ;QfnfO{ hgtfsf         jL/]Gb|sf] j+z gfz x'Fb}gYof] eg] / To;df     eg]sf] ltgn] hgtfnfO{ ;dfhjfb bfg
g]6js{ ;+rfngsf nflu g]kfn ;/sf/sf] ;'rgf tyf ;+rf/                    gfpFdf pgL cfkm\gf] kl/jf/lt/ kmsf{pg        1fg]Gb|sf] xft 5 eGg] dgf]efjgf g]kfnL        lbg] xf] . bfgn] gfu/snfO{ d'lQm lbFb}g .
                                                                       dfq rfxGy] . t/ clxn];Dd of] tYok|lt         hgtfdf km}ln+b}gYof] eg] cfsfzaf6 v;]         of] bfg lbg] efif0f g]kfnsf ;a} g]tfsf]
dGqfnodf btf{ ug{' kg{] k|fjwfg 5 . To;kZrft lhNnf                     s'g} a'l4hLjLn] ljZn]z0f u/]/ n]v]sf]        h;/L km"Q u0ftGq xfd|f] e"lddf cfpg]          af]nL xf] . oL bfgL g]tfx? hgtfnfO{
                                                                       d}n] kfpg ;s]sf] 5}g .                       lyPg . k/fhosf] l8ndf pleP/                   ;Dk"0f{ clwsf/ lbg] sfdnfO{ c/fhstfsf]
x'nfs sfof{noaf6 k|To]s c;f/ d;fGtfdf gljs/0f ug{'                                  /fhf dx] G b| Pshgf rt' /       …gf]s/;Fu xf]Og, dflns;Fu jftf{ ug]{Ú         ljz]if0f klg le/fO/x]s} 5g\ .
kb{5 . gljs/0f ug{] Dofb ;lsPsf] ^ dlxgf leq ;Dd                       v]nf8L lyP /fhgLltsf . ltgn] em08}           3f]if0ff ub}{ /fhf;Fu jftf{ ug{ k|oTg                     zflGt k| l qmof, ;+ 3 Lotf /
                                                                       em08} hgtfsf] xftdf uO;s] s f]               ul//x]sf] …b;jif]{ hgo'4Ú sf] andf            nf]stflGqs u0ftGqsf] ;+ljwfg hf/L
gljs/0f gu/]sf] v08df :jtM vf/]h x'g] Joj:yf 5 .                       zf;g;Qf kl/jf/leq leq\ofpg g]kfnsf           u0ftGq cfpg] s'/} ePg . ;+;bjfbL              eP klg g]kfnL /fhgLltdf cf]Ol/Psf
                                                                       () k|ltzt Pln6nfO{ k|of]u u/]sf] b]lvG5      elgPsf /fhgLlts bnsf g]tfx?n] klg             ;+s6 ;lhn} 6g]{ ;Defjgf 5}g . Tof]
Joj;fosf] s'n cfosf] @ k|ltzt s/ /fHonfO{ a'emfpg'                     . sf+ u | ] ; / sDo' l gi6 kf6L{ s f         Tolta]nf u0ftGq dflu;s]sf lyPgg\ .            aGbL ePsf] 5– g] k fnL Pln6sf]
                                                                       dxfdGqLx?nfO{ km6fkm6 vl/b ug{ ;Sg]                        u0ftGq cfof], /fd|} eof] .      sf]7fleq . ;do 5Fb}, To;nfO{ Tof]
                                              '
kb{5 . t/ lhNnfdf ;+rflnt 8]9 bh{g o:tf s]jn g]6js{x?n]                v'aL /fhf dx]Gb|afx]s c? s;}df b]Vg          To;sf] nuQ} ;+3Lotf klg cfof] dw];            sf]7faf6 aflx/ lgsfNg ;lsPg eg]
                                                                       kfOPg . tTsfnLg g] k fnsf a8] a 8]           k|b]zsf] k|:tfj af]s]/ . ;+3LotfnfO{          g]kfnsf] ;+3Lotf cfcfkm\gf ;d'bfosf
btf{ ;d]t gul/ ;+rfng u/]sf 5g\ . lhNnfdf tLg j6f                      lbUuhx? /fhf dx]Gb|sf] rfs/Ldf nfu]          dfcf]jfbL cfGbf]ng / dw]; cfGbf]ngsf]         Pln6x?sf] lghL ;DklQ eP/ hgtfsf]
      '
s]jn btf{df 5g\ eg] b'O{ j6fn] dfq gljs/0f u/fPsf                      lsgeg] ltgnfO{ yfxf eO;s]sf] lyof]–
                                                                       dx]Gb| /fhfnfO{ 5f]8]/ hgtflt/ nfluof]
                                                                                                                    km\o'hg dfGg]x? klg au|]NtL 5g\ cyf{t\
                                                                                                                    ;+3Lo u0ftGqsf] cf/De g} ljgfzaf6
                                                                                                                                                                  xftaf6 vf]l;g] 5 .
                                                                                                                                                                                              OsflGtk'/af6
5g\ . lhNnfsf x/]s Jofkfl/s If]qdf vf]lnPsf o:tf s]jn      '
g]6js{x?n] jiff{} b]lv sfg'gsf] cj1f ubf{ ;d]t /fHon] o;                                                      kf7s rf}tf/L
tkm{ Wofg lbg ;s]sf] 5}g\ . pgLx?nfO{ sfg'gL bfo/fdf
Nofpgsf nflu s]lx dfqfdf ;r]tgf d'ns sfo{ u/]tf klg                                       lzIffdf blnt ljBfyL{
                                                                                   xfd|f] b]z g]kfndf hg;+Vofsf]    lg/fs/0f ug{ pQm ;d'bfonfO{ jf blnt           :s'n hfg] jfnjflnsfnfO{ dfWoflds
tL Joj;fox? sfg'gsf] bfo/fdf gcfPkl5 aGb ug{] lxDdt                    lx;fjn] 7"nf] e"–efu blnt / s]xL efu         ju{sf] ;d'bfonfO{ z;QmLs/0f ug]{ plrt         tx;Dd lgMz'Ns k7g kf7gsf] cWoog
                                                      ]
:yfgLo k|zf;gn] ug{ ;s]sf] 5}g\ . sfg'gsf] cj1f ug{nfO{                cGo hfltsf] /x]sf] 5 . h;dWo] blnt
                                                                       hflt b]zsf] hg;+Vofsf] lx;fjn] cToGt}
                                                                                                                    dfWod eg]sf] lzIff xf] .
                                                                                                                                blnt ;d'bfonfO{ lgMz'Ns
                                                                                                                                                                  ug{sf] nflu Joj:yfkg ul/g' kb{5 .
                                                                                                                                                                  blnt ;d'bfonfO{ pRr lzIffdf kx'Fr
                                         ]
cj}B elgG5 t/ xfd|f] cfvfF cuf8L v'nofd cj}B Joj;fo                    d]xg]tlzn / zf]lift pTkLl8t tyf              lzIffsf] Joj:yf eP/ dfq k'Ub}g . o;sf         k'¥ofpg Joj:yfkg d"Vou/L blntsf
                                                                       lk5l8Psf] ju{sf] ;d"xdf kb{5g\ . t/          nflu blnthfltsf jfnjflnsfx? nfO{              5f] / f5f] / L Joj;flos tyf k| f ljlws
;+rfng ug{] tkm{ :yfgLo ;/sf/sf] Wofg slxn] hfg] xf] <                 blntnfO{ ljleGg zJb, efiffdf k|of]u          u'0f:t/Lo lzIffsf] klg plQs} cfjZoStf         lzIffnfO{ ;xh jftfj/0f x'g'kb{5 .
                                                                       u/]sf] kfOG5 . cGo hftLn] jf c? ju{          kb{5 . / plgx? h;n] ubf{ v'nf k|lt:kwf{df                    lzIff If]qdf blnt ;d'bfosf]
          x/]s Joj;fosf cf–cfkm\gf cfrf/ ;+lxtf x'G5g\ /               ;d"xn] blnt hfltnfO{ cfkm\gf] p2]Zox?        cfkm\gf] :yfg ;'/lIft ug{ ;s'g . ;f]xL        ;xefuLtf j9fP/ w]/} ;+Vof jgfpg'k5{
cf–cfkm\g} ;d:of / ;/sf/;Fu dfu x'g ;S5g\ . o;f]                       kl/k"lt{ ug{sf nflu blntnfO{ k|of]u u/]sf]
                                                                       xfd|f] ;dfhdf b]Vg kfOG5 . blnt
                                                                                                                    ?kdf lzIff tyf :jf:Yodf plgx?sf]
                                                                                                                    ljsf;nfO{{ ;s/fTds b[li6sf]0fn] x]/Lg' kb{5
                                                                                                                                                                  . g]kfn ;/sf/n] pknJw u/fpb} cfPsf]
                                                                                                                                                                  blnt 5fqj[l4nfO{ ;xL tl/sfn] ljt/0f
eGb}df cfkm\gf dfux? / cfkm\gf ;d:ofsf af/]df s;}nfO{                  ;d"bfosf] nflu pTyfg / ljsf; ug{sf]          . Tolt dfq geP/ blntx?sf] ;d:ofnfO{           ul/g' kg]{ b]lvG5 . ;dfh kl/jt{gsf
                                                                       nflu tj dfq ;Dej x'G5 hj /fHosf]             ;dfwfg ug{ blntsf xs / clwsf/nfO{             nflu blnt hfltsf ljBfyL{x?nfO{ g}
                                           ]
hfgsf/L glbg] / /fHonfO{ r'gf}tL lbFb} v'nofd cj}B sf/f]jf/            tkm{ j f6 lzIff :jf:Yodf pgLx?sf]            Gofosf] ?kdf ;d]t x]/L pgLx?nfO{ clwsf/       kl/rfng u/L pgLx?sf] ;Lk, bIftfnfO{
                                                                       k|Tofe"lt x'G5 .                             lbg'kb{5 . blntnfO{ cf/If0fdf ;s/fTds         ljsf; / k|j4{g ug'{k5{ . kf7oqmd tof/
    ]
ug{n] /fd|f] ;Gb]z lbg ;Sb}g\ . olb o:tf cj}B sf/f]jf/nfO{                         blnt ;d"bfosf] ;d:of cfd         lje]bsf] gLlt;d]t clVtof/ g]kfn ;/sf/n]       u/]/ k|fljlws tyf Joj;flos tflnd
lgoGq0f ug{ g;Sg] xf] eg] c? cj}B sf/f]jf/ ga9\nfg\ eGg                ;d:of geO{ ljz]if k|s[ltsf] ;d:of                               {
                                                                                                                    jf /fHon] nfu' ug'kg]{ b]lvG5 .               lzIffsf] Joj:yf ul/g'kg]{ b]lvG5 .
                                                                       ePsf] x'bf ;f]sf] pkrf/ klg ljlzi6                       ;+ljwfg;efdf k|ltlglwTj ug]{                     cjsf] lbgdf blnt
klg ;lsGg . To;}n] ljlwsf] zf;g nfu' ug{sf nflu sfg'gL                 k|s[ltsf] g} x'g'kb{5 . olb xfd|f] ;dfhdf    blnt k|ltlglwx?sf] Pp6f dxTjk"0f{ sfo{        ljBfyLx?nfO{ gfddf dfq geO{ Jjxf/df
                                                                       h;sf] nflu b]zsf] d"n sfg'g cyf{t            xf] . x'gt blntsf] cfGbf]ng ;d'bfosf]         g} plgx?n] kfpg] xs clwsf/sf] z}lIfs
/fHo lgdf{0fsf nflu ;/sf/ s8f ?kdf pqg' cfjZos 5                       ;+ljwfg4f/f g} ljz]if Joj:yf ul/g'kb{5       ;du| pTyfg / ljsf;nfO{ Jojxf/ d}              ?kdf ljsf; ug] { jftfj/0f cjsf]
                                                                       . cfhsf] o"u @! cf}F ztfJbLsf] o"u xf]       nfu' ul/g'kb{5 elg hf]8bf/ ?kdf dfu           ;/sf/n] ug] { 5 olx ck] I ff blnt
eg] xfld cfd gful/s sfg'gsf] bfo/f leq a:g' kb{5 .                     To;} n ] blntsf ;d:ofx?nfO{ g}               ul/ cfPsf 5g\ . ;j} blnt ;d'bfosf             ljBfyL{x?sf] /x]sf] 5 .
  Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                             @)^* ;fn d+l;/ @* ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                       #
             8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{sf]
g]t[Tjdf ;+o"Qm hgdf]rf{ g]kfnn] $)
a'Fb] dfu tTsfnLg ;+;bLo Joj:yfsf
k| w fgdGqL;dIf k| : t' t u/L lbPsf]
                                            zflGt k|lqmofsf] kf“r aif{                                                                                                                zLif{ g]tfx?af6 dfq xn lgsfNg] k|j[lQ
                                                                                                                                                                                      j9\b} hfFbf lgjf{lrt ;+:yfx? lbzfxLg /
                                                                                                                                                                                      lgl:qmo aGg k'u] . cflwsfl/s lgsfoeGbf
                                                                                                                                                                                      jflx/ ;dfwfg vf] H g] gfddf bh{ g f}
clN6d] 6 dsf] DofbeGbf cl3 g}               dfn]_ )$& ;fnsf] ;+ljwfgsf sltko                          ;'zLn Kofs'/]n                     czfGt ePsf] 5 . dfcf]jfbL xltof/             ;dembf/Lx? sfof{gjogsf] bfloTj ls6fg
…hgo"4Úsf] gfddf z'? ul/Psf] ;z:q           k|fjwfgdf cfkm\gf] dte]b /fVb} ;+ljwfgsf]                                                    5f8\g] k|lqmof;Fu} c?n] xltof/ ;dfpg]        gx'Fbf cnkq kg{yfn] . ;+qmd0fsfnnfO{
cfqmd0f / k|Tofqmd0fsf] cj:yfnfO{           cfnf]rgfTds ;dy{g u/]sf] lyof] . cyf{t       bf]xf]/f] df/ v]Kg'k¥of] . /fHoJoj:yfleqsf      k| l qmof klg b] v fk/] s f] 5 . ;+ ; bLo    lgod / sfg'g4f/f Joj:lyt ub}{ ;d:of
;dfKt kfb} { b] z df :yfoL zflGtsf          ;+ljwfg cfkm\gf] ;f]rcg's'n geP klg          /fhf ;]gf u7hf]8 / aflx/af6 dfcf]jfbL           Joj:yfsf] % jif] { ;+ q md0fsfndf            k| l qmofut ;Daf] w g ug' { s f] ;§f
cfwf/x? tof/ kfg] { p2] Z osf ;fy           cfkm\ g f] af6f] d f cufl8 a9\ g eg]         cfqmd0f . /fhfsf] k| d ' v lgzfgfdf             kl/jt{gsf] af]w ug{ gkfPsf hgtf              ;+qmd0fsfndf u8a9L ;fdfGo x'g\ eGg]
ul/Psf] k| o TgnfO{ g} xfdL zflGt           ;+ljwfgsf] d"ne"t rl/q afws gaGg]            ax'bnLo Joj:yf eof] / to;}n] pgsf]              jt{dfg % jif]{ ;+qmd0fsfndf emg} lg/fz       dfgl;stfjf6 c/fhstfnfO{ k|>o lbg
k|lqmof eGg] ub{5f} . cf}krfl/s ?kdf        p;sf] 7x/ lyof] .                            k|xf/ bndfly z'? eof] . dfcf]jfbL               aGg] l:yltdf k' u ] s f 5g\ . zflGt          yflnof] .
eGbf tTsfnLg ;/sf/ / g] s kf -                          )$^ ;fndf cfkm\gf] k[ys          ;d:of ;dfwfg ug{ g;s]sf] cf/f]k                                                 \
                                                                                                                                         k|lqmofnfO{ j}wflgs 9+ujf6 6'ªuf] nufpg]     (= zflGt k|lqmofsf] dxTjk"0f{ ;jfn eg]s}
dfcf] j fbL_ sf cWoIf4f/f x:tfIf/           klxrfg /fVg jfdf]rf{leq cfj4 gePsf]          nfpF b } pgn] dfcf] j fbLlj?4 ;] g f            lgsfo ;+ l jwfg;efsf] r' g fjkl5             dfcf]jfbL bnsf] lgz:qLsf/0f ePsf]
ul/Psf] …lj:t[t zflGt ;Demf}tfÚ ePsf]       ;+o"Qm hgdf]rf{n] klg )$& ;fnsf]             kl/rfngsf] Jofjxfl/s sdf08 cfkm\gf]             bnx?leqsf] cljZjf; tLj| aGg'k'Uof] .         tYok|lt a]jf:tf ul/of] . Pp6f bnl;t
lbg )^# d+l;/ % ut] tTsfnLg ;ft             ;+ljwfgnfO{ :jLsf/ u/L )$* df ;DkGg          xftdf lnP eg] bnx?dfly cfqmd0fdf                ;+qmd0fsfnsf] plrt Joj:yfkg ub}{             p;sf] lghL ;]gf /x'Gh]n zflGt k|lqmof
bn / g]skf dfcf]jfbLn] 5'§f5'§} x:tfIf/     cfdr'gfjdf efu lnof] / ;+;b\leq t];|f]       tLj|tf NofP . )^! ;fn df3 !( ut]                ljlw;Ddt 9+ujf6 ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg              6'ªuf]df k'Ub}g eGg] tYo huhfx]/ x'Fbfx'b}
u/]sf] t/ Pp6} dha'g ePsf] !@ a'Fb]         zlQmsf ?kdf :yflkt eof] . )$^ ;fndf          cGttfuTjf 1fg]Gb|n] ;Dk"0f{ ;Qf cfkm\gf]        vf]Hg] /fhgLlts zlQmx?df ;xdltsf]            klg dfcf]jfbLaf6 cfkm\gf] ljutk|lt uj{
;xdltn] agfPsf] xf] .                       k'Ubf gk'Ub} g]kfnsf] ljlzi6 kl/l:yt /       xftdf lnP . o;/L dfcf]jfbLn] z'? u/]sf]         kfngf ug{ ljZj;gLotfdf x|f; cfpFb}           ug]{ dfq x}g, p;sf ;]gf g} d'lQmbftf
k[ i 7d" l d                                zLto'4df ePsf] lzlyntfn] ljZjdf a9\b}        kl5Nnf] kl/0flt /fhtGqsf] k"gMk|fb'ef{j         uPsf] 5 .                                    ePsfn] To;sf] hu]{gf ug'{kg]{ eGg]
             g]kfndf ljBdfg /x]sf] cfly{s   uPsf] cfly{s /fhgLlts e"d08LnLs/0f           x'gk'Uof] .                                                  dfcf]jfbLn] lgjf{lrt cfkm\gf]   clt;of]lQmk"0f{ k|rf/n] ubf{ cGo bn /
;fdflhs / /fhgLlts k|0ffnLsf lj?4sf]        cflbn] ubf{ g]kfndf kl/jt{gsf nfly           zflGt k| l qmofsf] yfngL                        lghL ;]gf;lxt n8]sfn] kl/0ffddf k|efj        dfcf]jfbLO{t/ hg;d'bfodf z+sf pTkGg
cfjfh ;+ul7t ?kdf !((& ;fnb]lv g}           ;z:q ;+ 3 if{ s f] cfjZostf gePsf]                         nIo /fhtGqsf] pGd"ng eg]          kg{ uPsf] cGo bnx? ljz]if u/L g]kfnL         u/fof] .
p7\gyfn] klg ))& ;fnsf] qmflGtn]            lgisif{df k'uL;s]sf] 7"nf] afd zlQm g]skf    tfklg ax'blno k|hftGqsf] pGd'ng eP/             sf+u|]; / g]skf -Pdfn]_ sf] 7x/ x'gk'Uof]    !)=ljutdf nf] s tflGqs k| 0 ffnLsf]
g]kfnnfO{ k|hftGqsf] af6f]df cufl8 a9\g]    -dfn]_ / cGo k'/fgf afd 36saLr               ;lqmo /fhtGqsf] k"gMk|fb'ef{jn] dfcf]jfbL       . xltof/;lxtsf] bn / xltof/lagfsf]           cEof; u/]sf bnx?df klg nf]sl/em\ofO
9f]sf vf]lnlbof] . d"n ?kdf hxflgofF        dt} S otf eP tfklg g] s kf rf} y f]          g]t[TjnfO{ em:sfPsf] cj:yf Psflt/               bnsf] r'gfjL k|lt:kwf{ lgikIf gePsf]         sf] k|efjn] d'4fx?sf] k|lqmofut xn
;fdGtL Joj:yfsf] lj?4df d'vl/t ;f]          dxfljj] z gsf] d' n wf/leq /x] s f           csf{lt/ nf]stGqsf] k'gM:yfkgfsf nflu            pgLx?sf] dgf]lj1fg aGgk'Uof] .               lgsfNg] k|oTg ug]eGbf klg To;k|lt cfFv}
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qmflGtn] g]kfnsf] /fhgLlts Joj:yf /         36sx?df ;z:q ;+3if{ cfjZos ePsf]             ;+3if{df nfluk/]sf bnx?ljr /fhfsf]              ;+ l jwfg n] v gsf] k| l qmofsf s] x L       lrDng] k|j[lQ a9\gyfNof] .
;Qfsf] pk/L 9fFrfdf kl/jt{g Nofof] .        wf/0ff ljBdfg lyof] . To;sf] k'li6 ug{                             "
                                                                                         zf;glj?4sf] ;+oQm df]rf{jGbLsf] cj:yf           kl/b[ i ox?                                  !!= dw] z cfGbf] n gkl5 b] v fk/] s f]
k/Dk/fut ;+:yf /fhtGqnfO{ zlQmljxLg         s]xL 36s nfluk/]sf] cj:yfdf g]kfndf          l;h{gf eof] . k|hftflGqs Joj:yflj?4             != !@ aF'b] ;xdltb]lv lj:t[t zflGt           c/fhstf ljz]ifu/L ;z:q ultljwL /
agfO{ lardf pd|]sf] /f0ff ;fdGtjfbn]        lgb{nLo Joj:yfaf6 ax'bnLo ;+;bLo             ;+3if{ ug'{ / ;]gfsf] andf k"gM:yflkt           ;Demf}tf;Dd k'Ubf klg g]kfnsf] efjL          hftLo 4} i f km} n fpg] lqmofsnfksf]
zf;g ul//x]sf] kl/k|]Iodf ))& ;fnsf]        Joj:yfk|ltsf] ;+qmd0f z'? eof] .                                           '
                                                                                         /fhfsf] zf;glj?4 n8\gdf km/s ePsf]              /fhgLlts k|0ffnLk|lt ;ftbn / dfcf]jfbL       ;Daf]wgk|lt dfcf]jfbL, g]kfnL sf+u; /]|
qmflGtkl5 k/Dk/fut /fh;+:yf k'gM                        )$* ;fnkl5 cfPsf] gofF           dfcf]jfbL g]tTjn] yfxf kfpgyfNof] . ;fy},
                                                                                                         [                               aLrdf df]6f] ;xdlt ePsf] kfOG5 .             Pdfn]ljr s'g} dt}Sotf x'g;s]g . a?
;lqmo aGg yfNof] . )!% ;fnkl5sf]            ;Qf;dLs/0fn] NofPsf] /fhgLlts                              '
                                                                                         l5d]sL d'ns ljz]ifu/L ef/tn] g]kfndf            lg/+s'z /fhtGqsf] cGTo eP tfklg Tof]         dw]zsf g]tfx?nfO{ l/emfpg] k|jl[ Q j9\b}
;+ljwfgn] /fhfnfO{ s]xL cfktsflng           cGt/lj/f] w x? tyf ;fdflhs                   z;:q ultljlw ;+rfngdf cfkm\gf] e"ldsf]          u0ftGq g} xf] eGg] cfd a'emfO lyof]          hfFbf b]zdf If]qLojfb g/fd|/L xfjL eof] .
zlQm k|bfg u/L d"n ?kdf b]zdf ;+;bLo        ;DaGwx?df ljsl;t x'Fb} u/]sf] rl/qnfO{       pkof]u x'g\ glbg] gLlt lngyfNof] . !)           eg] b]zdf ax'bnLo nf]stflGqs k4ltsf]         !@= zflGt k|lqmofsf] ;kmntfsf] nflu
Joj:yfsf] k|fb'ef{j u/fof] . )!% ;fns}      tTsfnLg g]t[Tjn] 7Dofpg g;ls/x]sf]           jif{;Ddsf] dfcf]jfbL ;z:q ultljlwsf]            :yfkgf ul/g]af/]df klg To:t} ;f]rfO          gful/s ;dfhsf] e"ldsfn] cxd :yfg
cfdr'gfjkl5 u7g ePsf] lgjf{lrt              cj:yfdf b]vfk/]sf] klxrfgsf] /fhgLltn]       kl/0flt /fhtGqsf] k|fb'ef{jk|lt ef/t klg        lyof] . t/ ;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfjkl5 ^          /fVb5\ . g]kfndf hgcfGbf]ngb]lv u0ftGq
;/sf/nfO{ )!& ;fn k' ; ! ut]                tTsflng /fhgLlts k|0ffnLsf] :yfoLTjdf        eml:sPsf] lyof] .                               ;o ! ;b:o ePsf] ;+ljwfg;efnfO{               :yfkgf;Ddf ;lqmo e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sf]
cfkm"ndf /x]sf] cfktsfnLg zlQmsf]           gs/fTds k|efj kg{ yfln;s]sf] lyof] .                       pk/f]Qm cj:yfx?n] tof/            ;+ljwfgsf] vfsf tof/ kg{ elgof] .            gful/s ;dfhsf] 7"nf] lx:;f kl5Nnf]
b'?kof]u u/L /fhf dx]Gb|n] lj36g u/L        k|hftGq eGg' g} ax'dtsf] zf;g eGg]           kf/]sf] lyof] . !@ a'Fb] ;xdltsf] k[i7e"ld      cfkm\gf] lghL ;]gf ePsf] dfcf]jfbLx?n]       ;do cfkm\ g f] e" l dsfk| l t l4ljwfsf]
;+;bLo Joj:yf g} ;dfKt kf/L lgb{nLotf       dfgl;stf lnOPsf] tTsflng /fhgLlts            . !) jif{ s f] lx+ ; fTds cfqmd0f               cfufdL ;+ l jwfgsf] :j?knfO{                 l:yltdf k'u]sf] dfq} xf]Og\, bnx?sf]
nfb]kl5 hgtfsf k|ltlglwTj ug]{ bnx?         g]t[Tjn] )$& ;fnsf] ;+ljwfgn] vf]n]sf]       k|Tofqmd0fkl5 dfcf]jfbL / ax'bnLo               …hg;+ljwfgsf]Ú gfds/0f ug{yfn] . To:t},      …nf]sl/em\ofOÚ /f]un] u|l;t klg aGgk'Uof]
/ /fh;+ : yfaLrsf] cGt/lj/f] w tLj|                                          ]
                                            9f]sfleqaf6 l5/]sf] klxrfg / ;|ftdflysf]     ;+;bLo Joj:yf kIfw/x? /fhflj?4sf]               /fHosf] k"gM;+/rgfsf af/]df klg km/s–        . ;+ljwfg;ef cufl8 ;+ljwfg agfpm
aGgk'Uof] . /fhfn] lg/+s'z /fh;+:yfsf]      bfafanfO{ klxNofpg g;s]sf] cj:Yffdf          ;+3if{df Ps} 7fpFdf k'u] . dfcf]jfbLn]          km/s ljrf/ cfpgyfNof] . dfcf]jfbLn]          eGg] Jofg/ /fvL wgf{ lbg]jfx]s zflGt
k|fb'ef{j u/] .                             pTkGg ePsf] u8a9Lsf] aLrdf ;+;bLo            h;sf lj?4 ;z:q cfqmd0f z'? u/]sf]               hftLo /fHosf] cjwf/0ff NofPkl5 dw]zL         k|lqmof k|lt pbf;Lg /x\of] . ;+ljwfgsf]
             ))& ;fnsf] qmflGtn]            Joj:yfn] % jif{ k"/f ubf{ gub}{ hgdf]rf{n]   lyof] , To;} l ;t df] r f{ a GbL ug' { k g] {   bnx?n] p7fPsf] …Ps dw]z, Ps k|bzÚsf]]        d'nrl/qk|lt ljutsf ;dembf/Lx?sf]
g]kfnnfO{ afx|ohut;Dd k'Ug] 9f]sf           $) j'Fb] dfu tTsfnLg k|wfgdGqL;dIf           afWofTds cj:yfdf k'Ug' g} g]kfnsf]              dfun] emg} tLj|tf kfof] . ptf k"jL{          cfwf/df bnx?jLr ;xdltsf] e"ldsf
vf]ln;s]sf] cj:yfdf r/d lg/+s'ztfdf         k] z u¥of] . hgjfb, hghLljsf /               zflGt k|lqmofsf] ljlzi6tf xf] .                 kxf8df klg lnDa'jfg / v'Da'jfgh:tf           lgjf{x ug'{ / bafa lbg'eGbf klg aLr}df
b] z nfO{ ws] n L ;Qf rnfpg /fhf            /fli6«otfsf] dfu elgPsf] ;f] kqdf h]                             '
                                                                                                       !@ aFb] ;xdltn] tof/ kf/]sf]      hftLo k|b]zx?sf] dfu p7\g yfNof] .           p5flnPsf gful/s ;jf]{Rrtf / ljb]zL
dx] G b| n fO{ tTsfnLg zLto' 4 doL          h:tf] dfu /flvP tfklg ;o lbgleq              ljlzi6 /fhtLlts kl/l:lyltn] ubf{                @= ;+ljwfg;ef zflGt k|lqmofaf/]sf] ax;       k| e fjh:tf s' / fdf Tof] lx:;f klg
kl/l:ytLn] ;3fof] . /fhtGqsf] #) jif]{      k"/f gul/P ;z:q ;+3if{df hfg] pNn]v          b]zJofkL zflGtk"0f{ hgcfGbf]ng cufl8            Go"g /xof] eg] zflGt k|lqmofsf] vfsfdf       ;dflxt eof] . dxTjk"0f{ s'/f dfcf]jfbL
cjlwdf b]zdf ljleGg /fhgLlts /              lyof] .                                      a9\of] / cfGttf]uTjf )^@ ;fn j}zfv              j9L jx; x'gyfNof] . dfcf]jfbL ;]gfsf         / ;/sf/ tyf cGo bjaLr ePsf
;fdflhs cfGbf]ngx? eO/fv] . o;}lar                      cgf} 7 f] vfnsf] ;f] dfun]       !! df /fhfn] 3' F 8 f 6] s ] k l5 zflGt         n8fs'x?sf] ;dfof]hg / k"gM:yfkgfh:tf         ;Demf}tfx?sf] k|lqmofut sfof{Gjogsf
ljZjsf ljleGg /fi6«x?df d'lQmo'4sf]         ;z:q ;+3if{sf] ;'qkft ug]{ dfgl;stf          k|lqmofsf] Jofjxfl/s yfngL eof] .               cxd\ ljifosf] lgSof]{n gu/L ;+ljwfgsf]       nflu gful/s cg'udg tyf hjfkmb]lxtf
gfddf ;kmntf kfPsf] ;z:q ;+3if{x?n]         eg] k|i6 kf/]sf] lyof] . hgdf]rf{sf] dfu     hgcfGbf] n gkl5 k" g M:yflkt ;+ ; b\ n ]        3f]if0ffcl3 ;]gf ;dfof]hg x'g\ g;Sg]         ls6fg ub]{ bjfj lbg] sfddf gful/s
lg/+s'z zf;ssf lj?4 ;+3if{/t hgtfdf         kl5 uP/ g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_ sf] ;z:q           /fhfsf] ;j} clwsf/df k" g M:yflkt               cleJolQm dfcf]jfbLjf6 cfpgyfNof] .           ;dfhn] s'g} e"ldsf v]Ng ;s]g\ .
k|efj kg{yfNof] . g]kfndf klg k|d'v         ultljlwsf] cfwf/ aGof] . % jif{;Dd           ;+ ; bjf6 lgjf{ l rt k| w fgdGqLdf              #= g] k fnL ;] g fsf] nf] s tfGqLs/0fsf]     !#= zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ ;3fpg :yflkt
?kdf rLgdf ;kmn ePsf] ;z:q ;+3if{sf]        uGtJo;Dddf :ki6tf gcfO;s]sf],                x:tfGt/0f ;+ ; baf6 lgjf{ l rt                  ljifodf lj:t[t zflGt ;Demf}tfdf pNn]v        ul/Psf] ;+ o " Q m /fli6« ; + 3 Lo lgsfo
zAbfjnLn] jfdkGyLx?aLr z;:q                 k/Dk/fut k|hftflGqs k|0ffnLeGbf aflx/        k|wfgdGqLdf x:tfGt/0f u¥of] / /fhfnfO           eP tfklg g]kfnL ;]gfnfO{ Jof/]sdf g}         …cgldgÚ / …cfPr;LPrcf/Ú h:tf
;+ 3 if{ s f] zJbfjnLn] nf] s lk| o tf      hfg g;s] s f] / ;+ l jwfgsf lgdf{ t f        Jofjxfl/s lgnlDat cj:yfdf /fVof] .              ;Lldt kfg]{ t/ nf]stflGqs/0f k|lqmof         ;+:yfx?sf] e"ldsfn] klg zflGtk|lqmofsf
kfpgyfNof] . b]zdf /x]sf sDo"lgi6           /fhgLlts zlQmx?aLrdf klg k|hftGqsf]          g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_ n] ;z:q ;+3if{ :yug           / ljlw lgSof} { n ljgf xtf; k| r 08          sltko cj:yfdf gs/fTds k|efj kf/]sf]
zlQmx?leqsf ljleGg /x]sf sDo"lgi6           ;+rfngdf ;xsfo{sf] af6f] agL g;s]sf]         ePsf] 3f]if0ff u¥of] .                          ;/sf/jf6 ;] g f k| d ' v ?SdfËb              5 . cfjZostf / lbOPsf] e"ldsfeGbf
zlQmx?leqsf ljleGg afd zlQmx?df             cg'ejsf] Go"gtfsf] cj:yfdf cs:dft                          )^# sflQs @@ ut] ;ft bn           s6jfnnfO{ avf{:t ug]{ k|of; eof] .           aflx/ hfg] tyf g]kfnsf bnx?jLrsf]
;z:q ;+3if{ Pp6f lk|o zAbfjnL ag]sf]        cfPsf] ;f] ;d:ofnfO{ xn ug]{ tl/sfdf         / dfcf]jfbL zLif{ g]tfx?jLrsf] ;xdltn]          o;n] ubf{ /fi6«kltnfO{ ljjfbdf tfGg] /       ;DjGwdf ;d] t k| e fj kfg] { ; d] t sf]
lyof] . oBkL, …;z:qÚ s' g } klg             l4ljwf dfq kl/jt{g cfPsf] t/ tNnf]           lj:t[t zflGt ;Demf}tfsf] cfwf/ tof/                           {
                                                                                                                                         gful/s ;jf]Rrtfsf] gfddf /fi6«kltlj?4        ultljwL ePsf] 5 . /fhfsf] zf;gsfndf
ultljlwn] 7f]; cfsf/ u|x0f ug{ ;s]sf]       ;+/rgfx?df kl/jt{g ug{ g;lsPsf]              kf¥of] / ;j} ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg zflGtk"0f{         dfcf] j fbLx?sf] /fi6« J ofkL kl/rfng        /fli6«o dfgclwsf/ cfof]usf] e"ldsfdf
lyPg . k/LIf0fx? gePsf xf]Ogg\ t/           cj:yfdf $) a'Fb] dfun] t/Ë Nofof] .          9+ujf6 ljlw;Ddt ?kn] ug]{ jrgj4tf               x'g\yfNof] .                                 gs/fTds l:ylt cfPsf ;Gbe{df 4G4sf]
ltgn] cfsf/ lng} g;s]sf] cj:yf lyof]        u|fdL0f Onfsfx?df d"n?kdf ;+rfng             u¥of] . )^# ;fn d+l;/ % ut] tTsfnLg             $= ?Sdfªut s6jfnsf] ydf} t Lkl5              cj:yfdf dfgjclwsf/sf] cg'udg ug{
. g]kfnsf] ef}uf]lns l:ylt, cfGtl/s         ul/Psf]         ;z:q          ultljlwn]      ;/sf/sf k|d'v lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf /            /fhLgfdf lbPsf k| r 08n] cfkm" n fO{         / /fli6« o dfgjclwsf/ cfof] u sf]
cfly{s–;fdflhs ;+/rgf / g]kfndf             /fHoJoj:yfnfO{ b' | t ultdf sdhf] /          g]skf -dfcf]jfbL_ sf cWoIf k|r08jLr             …ef/tÚn] x6fPsf] eGb} pgLkl5 ;+;b\n]         ;anLsf0fsf] lhDdf                  kfPsf]
ljb]zL zlQmx?sf] tTsflng k|e'Tjsf]          agfpg yfNof] / o;sf cfwf/x?                  lj:t[t zflGt ;Demf}tf ;DkGg eof] .              lgjf{lrt u/]sf] dfwjs'df/ g]kfnsf]           cfPr;LPrcf/n] /fli6«o dfgjclwsf/
afF8kmf8n] ubf{ ;z:q ;+3if{sf nflu          wd{/fpg yfNof] . g]skf dfcf]jfbLn] ;z:q      h;n] cGtl/d ;+ljwfg agfpg], ;+ljwfg             ;/sf/nfO{ s7k'tnL ;/sf/sf] ;+1f lbb}         cfof]un] zflGt k|lqmof z'? ePkl5 klg
k|lts"ntf :yflkt ul//x]sf] lyof] . #)       ;+3if{ tTsfnLg ax'bnLo k|hftflGqs            ;efsf] lgjf{rg ug]{ / gofF ;+ljwfg              ;8saf6 ;/sf/ pN6\ofpg] 3f]if0f;lxt           cfof]usf] ljsNksf] ?kdf k|:t't ug{yfNof]
jif{ d f ;+ 3 if{ s f :j?kx?df k/LIf0f      Joj:yfsf lj?4 u/]sfn] ltgn] To;              agfpg], dfcf]jfbL ;]gfsf n8fs'x?sf]             cfdx8\tfnsf] cfXjfg eof] . ;+;b /            / 4G4sf ;dodf gb]lvPsf] cGo sltko
eO;s]sf] / cGttf]uTjf )$^ ;fndf             Joj:yfsf cfwf/x?df cfqmd0f ug{yfn]           Joj:yfkg ug]{, !) jif]{ 4G4sfndf                ;+ljwfg;ef nfdf] ;do;Dd :yugdf               dfgjclwsf/sf d'4fdf ;d]t ;+nUg eP/
g] k fnL sf+ u | ] ; / tTsfnLg ;+ o " Q m   . uflj; ejgx?df cfuf] nufOof] .              ePsf HofbtL Pjd\ dfgjclwsf/ xgg\                /flvof] .                                    4G4sfnLg dfgjclwsf/sf] ;Djf]wgdf
afddf]rf{sf] ;xsfo{df zflGtk"0f{ ;+o"Qm     ;+;bLo k|hftGqnfO{ :jLsfg]{ / To;df          / dfgjtflj/f]wL ultljlwsf] ljlw;Ddt             %= !) jif] { 4G4sfndf ePsf                   Wofg s]lGb|t ug{÷u/fpg ;s]g . To:t}
hgcfGbf] n gn] g] k fnaf6 lg/+ s ' z        ;+nUg /fhgLlts JolQmx?dfly cfqmd0f           ;Djf]wg ug],{ ;kmt ul/Psf ;DklQ lkmtf{          dfgjclwsf/ xgg\ tyf dgjtflj/f]wL             cgldgn] klg ;+o'Qm /fi6«;+3n] 4G4
/fhtGqfTds /fhgLlts k|0ffnLsf] cGTo         eof] / xTof ul/of] . r'gfj x'g glbg]             {                            '
                                                                                         ug]h:tf zflGt k|lqmofsf k|dv d'4fx?sf]          lqmofsnfksf] k|lqmofut ;Daf]wg tyf           ?kfGt/0f / zflGt k|lqmofdf k|fKt u/]sf]
u/L ax' b nLo ;+ ; bLo Joj:yfsf]            gLlt lnof] / ;+ ; bLo k| h ftGqsf            ;Djf]wg ug]{ Joj:yfx? u/]sf] 5 . bnx?           To;} cjlwdf a]kQf kfl/Psfx?sf] :lytL         cg'ejnfO{ g]kfndf 5nkmndf NofPg .
:yfkgf u¥of] .                              cfwf/x?nfO{ tx;gx; kfl/of] . tL;             / dfcf]jfbLaLr zflGt klqmofnfO{ @               kQf nufpg] cfof]ux?nfO{ bf]ifLnfO{ ;hfo      pbfx/0fdf blIf0f cd]l/sL d'n's Pn
             )$& ;fndf nfu' ul/Psf]         jif{;Dd Ps5q /fHo u/]sf /fhf o;}             jif{ l eq 6' ª \ U ofpg] ;xdlt eof] .           lbg g;Sg] a? ljutsf ck/fwnfO{                ;fNef8f]/sf] zflGt k|lqmofdf /fi6«;+3sf]
;+ljwfgn] k|hftGqsf d"ne"t dfGotfnfO{       u8a8Lsf] dfWodaf6 cfkm\ g f] zlQm            To;}cg'?k cGtl/d ;+ljwfgn] cfkm\gf]             pGd' l Qm lbg] k| : tfj dfcf] j fbLjf6       k|d'v e'ldsf lyof] . ToxfF p;n] ljb|f]xL
cfTd;ft u/]sf] eP tfklg tTsfnLg             ;anLs/0ftkm{ nfu] . nfdf] ;do;Dd             cfo" @ jif{ dfq /fVof] .                        cfpgyfNof] . kl/0fdtMtL b'j} cfof]u          kIfsf] ;]gfsf] k|lqmofut lj36gkl5 dfq
cj:yfdf b] v fkl/;s] s f] sltko                                    '
                                            /fhfsf] k/Dk/fut k|eTjdf /x]sf] ;]gfnfO{     sxfF 5 t zflGt k| l qmof <                      aGg;s]g .                                    r'gfjdf hfg ;Nnfx lbof] eg] zflGt
;fdflhs ;d:ofx?sf] ;+ j } w flgs            ;z:q cfqmd0fsf] lj?4 ;~rfng ug{                            lj:t[t zflGt ;Demf}tfb]lv         ^= !) jif]{ 4G4sfndf hkmt ul/Psf             k| l qmofsf cGo d' 4 fx?sf] klg
;Daf]wg eg] u/L g;s]sf] cj:Yff lyof]        tTsfnLg ;/sf/ cu|;/ ePg . t/,                cGtl/d ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f x'~h]n;Dd                ;fj{hlgs Pjd lghL ;DklQ lkmtf{af/]df         ;do;f/0fL;lxt k|lqmofx? lgwf{/0f ug{
. oBkL, ljs]Gb|s/0f / ;fdflhs Gofosf]       cfqmd0f tLj| x' F b } hfF b f p;n] ;] g f    g]kfnsf] zflGt k|lqmof ;Gtf]ifk|b/ b|'t         bh{ g f} k 6ssf] k| l tj4tf dfcf] j fbL      ;3fof] . t/, g]kfndf cgldgn] ;+o'Qm
cjwf/0f eg] To;df ;dflxt lyof] .            kl/rfng ug]{ cj:yfdf k'Ubf ;]gf–             ultdf cufl8 j9]sf] cGt/fli6«o hutsf]            g]t[Tjaf6 cfP klg ;DklQ lkmtf{ gePsf]        /fi6«;+3l;t} ePsf] cg'ej ;d]t k|of]u
/fhf g]]kfnL sf+u|]; / jfdzlQmx?jLrsf]]     /fhfaLr /fd|} u7hf]8 eO;s]sf] lyof] .        7x/ lyof] . To;}n] l5d]sL d'n'snufot            dfq xf]Og, emg} sAhf ug]{ sfo{ yflnof]       u/]g . b'O{ ;]gfsf] pkl:ytLdf r'gfj
;Demf}tfdf ag]sf] ;+ljwfgn] s'g} klg        dfcf] j fbL4f/f ;/sf/ / /fHosf               cGt/fli6«o ;d'bfon] g]kfnsf] zflGt              . oxfF;Dd ls ;+/lIft h+unx?df ;d]t           u/fpFbf o;n] kfg{ ;Sg] k|efjsf af/]df
zlQmnfO{ k" 0 f{ ;Gt' l i6 lbg g;Sg'        lgsfox?df dfq lgzfgf ul/Psf]                 k|lqmofdf k"0f{ ;xof]u ug]{ O{R5f k|s6          cltqmd0f ul/of] .                            lgikIf / :jtGq lgjf{rgsf nflu ;xof]u
tTsfnLg cj:Yfsf] ljlzi6tf xf] . oBkL,       cj:yfdf lgjf{lrt ;+:yfx? sdhf]/ aGg          u/]/ ;xof]u u/] klg . t/, ca % jif{             &= ljutdf ePsf dfgj clwsf/ xgg\              ug]{ sfo{b]z kfPsf] cgldg df}g a:of] .
/fi6«df ;fdflhs, cfly{s kl/jt{gsf               ]
                                            k'usf lyP eg] ;]gfn] cfkm\gf] :k]; j9fpFb}   x'g\ nfUbf k'gM rrf{ rNg yfn]sf] 5 s]           jf d'4fx?sf] k|lqmofut ;Daf]wgkl§ Wofg       dfcf]jfbL n8fs'x? /x]sf] SofG6f]gd]G6sf]
nflu k|hftflGqs af6f] eg] vf]Ng;Sg]         n}hfg] cj;/ kfPsf] lyof] . o;}aLrdf          zflGt k|lqmof l5§} 6'lËPnf < b]zsf hgtf         lbg'sf] ;§f b08xLgtfnfO{ k|>o lbFb} d'4f     /]vb]vsf] lhDdf kfPsf] p;n] To;sf]
;+efjgf )$& sf] ;+ljwfgn] lbPsf] lyof]      /fhf lj/]Gb|sf] j|zgfzkl5 k"gM ;lqmo         / cGt/fli6«o hut\ b'j} zflGt k|lqmofsf]         lkmtf{nfO{ tLj|tf lbg yflnof] .              klg ljZj;gLo kl/0ffd lbg ;s]g . a?
. To;} kl/k|]Iodf tTsfnLg ;dosf]            /fhtGq kmsf{pg] dxTjsf+Iffn] u|l;t           ;kmntfk|lt ljZj;gLo 5}g\ . o;} zflGt            *= ;+ljwfg;ef / ;+;b\sf] kl/rfngaf6          bnx?aLrsf] lsrnf] d f p;sf]
;j}eGbf 7"nf] sDo"lgi6 zlQm g]skf -         1fg]Gb| /fhf ePkl5 ax'bnLo k|hftGqn]         k|lqmofsf] bf}/fg b]zsf] blIf0fL efu            ;d:ofx?sf] ;Djf]wgeGbf klg tLg bnsf                              af“sL & k]hdf ====
 Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                             @)^* ;fn d+l;/ @* ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                     $

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                                                        !_ ;u/dfyfsf] r'r/f]df cf]nlDks Hof]tL k'¥ofOPsf]
                                                        lbg s'g xf] <          – @)^%÷j}zfv÷@^
                                                        @_ k| w fgdGqL dfwj s' d f/ g] k fnsf] klxnf]
                                                        cf}krfl/s lrg e|d0f elxn] ;DkGg ePsf] xf] <
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tkfO{x?sf] cuf8L xfd|f] s]xL hf] rNb}g                                         – l8;]Da/ @^–#!, @))(
                                                        #_ KLT eg]sf] s'g k/LIff xf] <
h] h] ug{ dgnfU5 ug'{;\
xfd|f] tkfO{x?nfO{ cg'/f]w                                                     – Korean Language Test                                 rf:; r':;
                                                        $_ g]kfnsf klxnf /fi6«klt /fdj/0f ofbjsf] klxnf]
s] xfdL tkfO{ h:tf xf]Ogf}                              cf}krfl/s ef/t e|d0f slx] ;DkGg ePsf] xf] <
s] xf] < o:tf] h]nhfn                                                          – kmfu'g # b]lv ^, @)^^                                                                                                 dfwj kf]v|]n
;'Gg kfOGg kl/jt{g g]kfn                                %_ ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfnonfO{ s'g gofF gfd                           xfdL ul/a 5f}, ;'vL 5f}+, olb wgL x'GYof} eg] ;'vL x'g] g} lyPgf}+ . xdL ;u/dfyfsf] gfpdf
;f+;b\ g]tf ;j}n] kfpg'k¥of] rfn                        lbOg] lbOPsf] 5 <                                      cfˆgf] lz/ cem dfly ePsf] kfpYof] . uf}tda'4ssf] gfddf a'4Tj k|fKt ug{ vf]G5f} . t/ cfˆgf] nlu
kl/jt{g gofF g]kfn rflxof]                                          – dfgj ;+;fwg Joj:yfkg dGqfno              x}g csf{sf] gfddf . ef/tn] uf}tda'4nfO{ cfˆgf] b]zdf hGdfof] /] Û s] s;}sf] 5f]/f x'g c?n] eg]/ x'G5
zflGt g]kfn rflxof]                                     ^_ b'O{ 6'qmf ePsf] g]kfnL sf+u|];sf] Plss/0f          hGd lbg] cfdfsf] sfv Pp6f 5 gfd cs}{}n] lbb}df x'g ;S5 / < xfdL ;b}j ul/a 5f} t/ Odfg hdf
s] xfd|f] xs 5}g\ < g]kfndf                             slxn] ePsf] xf] <
                                                                               – @)^$ c;f]h *                  / k|fs[lts /kdf xfdLnfO{ s;}n] pl5Gg ;Sb}g . lsgsL ;u/dfyfsf] dfy xfdLnfO{ cd]l/sfn] lbPsf]
l5§} rflxof] kl/jt{g g]kfn                                                                                     xf]Og, rfOgfn] rfprfpsf] kfs]6df k7fOlbPsf] xf]Og, clg ef/tn] efu nufpg gkfP/ lbPsf] klg
                      gljg s]=;L= æ;+3if{Æ              &_ ljZj :jf:Yo ;+u7gn] j8{ km\n'sf] sf/0f
                                                        dfxfdf/Lsf] 3f]if0ff u/]sf] ldlt s'g xf] <             xf]Og . xfdL :jtGq 5f} xfd|f] gfddf xfdL cd]l/sf h:tf] wgL x'g rfxGGff}+ / ef/t h:tf] OZofn' klg
           sIff–!!, u+uf pdflj jfxfg], Ko"7fg                                  – h'g !!, @))(                  aGg klg rfxGgf}+ . lsgsL xfdL cfkm}df :jtGq 5f}+ . ljsf;sf] gfddf l;;fsf] jf]tndf dfG5] hGdfpg]
pRr of] zL/ d]/f] em'Sof] / t uhn n]v]                  *_ g]kfndf b/jf/ xTofsf08 36]sf] lbg s'g xf] <         snf xfdLnfO{ rflxPsf] 5}g, ljsf;s} gfdf nf]Ug] dflg;nfO{ :jf:gLdfG5] clg :jf:gLdfG5]nfO{
d'6'sf] Ps 5]p b'Vof] / t uhn n]v]                                             – @)%* h]7 !(                   nf]Ug]dfG5]agfpg] lj1fg klg xfdL cfjZos 7fGb}gf}+ . xfdL k|s[ltsf k"hf/L xf} xfd|f} /utdf k|s[ltsf]
kmlqmP5 af;gf x'Fb} km"Ng gkfO{                         (_ dfwj s' d f/ g] k fnsf] k| w fgdGqLTjdf
                                                        dlGqkl/ifb\ slxn] u7g ePsf] xf] <                      k|;fb 5 . xfdL jf]tnsf] kfgL k];f xfn]/ xf]Og k|spltsf] kfgL l;Q}df af9\g rfxG5f} .
Tof] sf]lknf ;'Sof] / t uhn n]v]                                               – @)^^ h]7 !!                               xfdL ljsl;t x'g ;s]gf} t/ gePsf klg xf]Ogf}+, ljsl;t egfpFbfx? rGb|dfeGbf klg k/
cfh gofF kfx'gf cfsf] ;+s]t ul/sg                       !)_ /]l8of] g]kfnsf] ^) cf}F jflif{sf]T;jsf cj;/df     uP/ d+un u|xdf ofqf u/] xf]nfg\ , a'wdf k'u]/ ?b|L u/] xf]nfg, clg d+undf k'u/] dxTjsfIff kfn]
xfd|f] 3/sf] sfn] s's'/ e'Sof] / t uhn n]v]             cfof]lht /fi6«JofkL cfw'lgs uLt k|ltof]lutfdf          xf]nfg t/ pgLx? Kfms{g] 7fpF wlt{ g} xf] . xfdL wtL{df g} wtL{ b]Vg rfxG5f}. pgLx? wtL{ 5f8]/ a]wtL{sf]
cfnZo ef] ;j}df ef]u ljnf;L eP/                         k|yd x'g] sf] x'g\ < – lgzf b];f/ -nlntk'/_            sNkgf u5{g . xfdL k|s[ltsf] sfvdf /Dg rfxG5f}+ . pgLx? K|s[ltnfO{ k|of]uzfnf agfP/ ljleGg k|of]u
kl;gfsf] df]n oxfF n'Sof] / t uhn n]v]                  !!_ ?ljgf s'g v]nsL v]nf8L x'g\ <                      ug{ rfxG5g, xfdL k|s[ltdf ljZjf; u5f}{, pgL ljs[ltdf . :jR5 xfjf pgLx? Sf]7fdf nfvf}+ vr{ u/]/
b]z / hgtfsf] k|]d, 3'Db} cfP/                                                 – lqms]6                        k|fKt u5{g xfd|f] :jR5 kfgL pgLx? Kf|zf]lwtsf] gfddf k|uf]u ug{ rfxG5g . cfdfsf] sfvdf hGdLPsf]
of] dgsf] b}nf]df 9'Sof] / uhn n]v]                     !@_ dfOsn HofS;gn] of] ;+;f/af6 ljbf lng'
                                                        cl3 tof/ ub}{ u/]sf] sG;6{sf] gfd s] lyof] <           eGbf l;;fdf hGdLPsf] lz;'nfO{ pknAwL 7fGg]x? dfgj g} xf]Ogg\ s]jn oGq dfgj x'g . xfdL
                       /fh' lj=s= æHjnGtÆ                                      – it is it                      k}bndf ljZjf; u5f}+{, pgL kfOn6df, xfdL kltj|tfdf ljZjf; u5f}{ pgL kltTofUtfdf-l8ef];{_, clg
                                t'iff/f, Ko"7fg         !#_ lghL If]qsf] nufgLdf lgld{t klxnf] g]kfnL          xfdL ljjxfdf s'nnfO{ dfG5f} pgL ljjxfdf sf]6{nfO{ dfG5g\ . olQ km/s 5 xfdL wtL{sf] k|s[ltnfO{
gvf]Hg' x} dnfO{ a;Gt Ct'sf] xl/ofnLdf                  rnlrq s'g\ xf] < – dfOtL3/                             dfG5f}+ pgL s[ltdtfsf] vf]nnfO{ dfG5g\ .
dt phf8 d?e'lddf x/fO{ ;s]5'                            !$_ x/]s jif{ d] @( sf] lbg cfof]hgf x'g]                          xfdL ul/a 5f} t/ ulj{t 5f}, xfdL a]/f]huf/L 5f}+ u/ cfTdsf/L 5f},+ clg xfdL kfv] 5f}+ t/ kf}/vL
g;lDemg' x} dnfO{ s'g} v'l;ofnLdf                       Pe/]i6 Dof/fyg slxn]b]lv z'? ePsf] xf] <                                              ]
                                                                                                               5f}+ . pgL wgL 5g\ t/ wf]safh 5g\, pgL /f]hu/L 5g\, t/ :j]R5frf/L 5g\, clg pgL j}1flgs dflgG5gt/
d t b'Mv / cfFz'sf] ;fu/df kf] 8'la ;s]5'                                      – ;g\ @))#                                     }                                                                           {
                                                                                                               bfl/lb|s dgf]a1flgs /f]uL klg 5g\ . xfdL kl5 k¥of}+ Tof] xfd|f] afWotf xf] t/ xfdL kl5k kg'df k5'tfpg' kb}g{
gvf]Hg' x} dnfO{ k"l0f{dfsf] h'g]nL /ftdf               !%_ ckfË snfsdL{n] n]vg, lgb]{zg / 5fof+sg
                                                        u/]sf] rnlrq s'g\ xf] <                                                                                          {
                                                                                                               lsgsL xfdL k|sl[ td} 5f}+ xfdL k|sl[ teGbf dfly hfg' kb}g lsgsL rGb|dfdf u'Gb|L xf]Og cd]l/sfdf u'Gb|s   '
d t %% l8u|Lsf] 3fddf hNg k'u]5'
gvf]Hg' x} dnfO{ xhf/f}+ b'lgofFsf] le8df                                      – lkmlnËf]                      lgof{t ug]{ ;f}efUo kfp5f} . xfd|f] k|fs[lts 5x/f ljsl;t egfpFbfx?sf] s[ltdtfeGbf sof}g u'gf dxTjk"0f{ 5
d t afnj} afn'jfsf] d?e'dLdf k'uL ;s]5',                !^_ /f]h/ km]8// s'g v]nsf ljZjk|l;4 v]nf8L            . d d]/f] / xfd|f] k|sl[ t s[ltdtfsf] vf8ndf k'l/Ps] 5}g\ . k"j{ aUg] glb xfdL klZrd aufpb}gf}, ;'Gtnfsf]
gvf]Hg' x} dnfO{ laxfgLsf] ;':t/L kjgdf                 x'g\ <                 – 6]lg;                                                                       }
                                                                                                               af]6df ;'Gtnf g} kmnfp5f}+ :ofp kmnfpFbgf} . clg dfG5]sf] dl:tisdf :jtGqtf, zflGt / ;xcl:tTj
d t ;d'Gb|L cfFlwdf a8f/Lg kf] k'uL ;s]5',              !&_ dndf; slt dlxgfsf] cGt/df kb{5 <                   kmnfpg rfxG5f}+ t/ cx\dsf] gfddf lx+zf / k|lt/f]w km}nfpb}gf}+ .
gvf]Hg' x} dnfO{ j/lkknsf] 5xf/Ldf                                             – #@ b]lv #^ dlxgf                          xfd|f] nIo c?nfO{ ;fwf/0f nfUg ;S5, xfd|f] k|sl[ tdf afFRg] /x/ c?nfO{ cljsl;t nfUg ;S5
                                                        !*_ k[YjLsf] tfkqmd ;/b/ slt /xg'kg]{ dfGotf
d t ?v} gePsf] d?e'dLdf kf] d8fl/g k'uL ;s]5,'          /x]sf] 5 <             – !% l8u|L ;]lG6u]|6            t/ P Û ljsl;t b]zdf hGdLPsf wgsf wgL dgsf bl/b|x? Ps k6s g]kfnL eP/ t x]/ ltdL afl;ª\6g
gvf]Hg' x} dnfO{ hGde'dLsf] s'gf–s'gfdf                 !(_ s'g\ hnk|f0fLnfO{ u+ufsf] cjtf/ klg elgG5 <                                                {                                                      ]
                                                                                                               xf]Og afªnf kfpg] 5f},+ ltdL Go"of]s xf]Og, g'jfsf]6 cfpg]5f},+ k]l/; ltd|f] ko/ ;/x x'g5, 6f]lsof]nfO{
d t ufpF 3/ 5f8L ;d'Gb| t/L k/fO alg ;s]5'                                     – 8lNkmg                        6f]Sg dg nfUg]5 . To;}n] xfdL eG5f} xfdL ltdLnfO{ k5\ofpg] 5}gf}+ . clxn] xfdLnfO{ cljsl;tsf] ku/L
gvf]Hg' x} dnfO} klxnfsf] ufpF 3/sf] 7]ufgfdf           @)_ dfgj z/L/df x'g] lrNnf] kbf{y s] xf] h;sf]                                                                             ]                        ]
                                                                                                               u'yfOlbP/ cfkm" ;DkGgzfnL eg]/ cfkm} ulj{t 5f} t/ e};L a]rsf] 3/nfO{ la/fnf]n] 5f]8h:t} ltdL klg
d t ca k|b]zL kf] e};s]5', k|b]zL kf] e} ;s]5',         dfqf a9\bf :jf:Yo v/fj x'G5 <                                                     ]
                                                                                                               k|sl[ tsf] 5fof ;d]t d]6sf] Tof] 7fpFaf6 rf9} 6fl9g] 5f} h;df ltd|f] nfug] eP ltdL xfdLnfO{ kfOtfnfsf]
                                   ;fu/ jf]x/f                                 – sf]n:6«f]n                    kl;gfeGbf klg t'R5 dfGYof} t/ xfdL To:tf] xf]Ogf}+ lsgsL k|sl[ tsf] aLrdf jf:tljs k|sl[ tdf x'ls{Psf]nfO{
                                                                                                               yfx x'G5 xfdL;fd' z/0f dfUg]nfO{ xfdL d/0f lbb}gf}+ :jfut 5 xfd|f] k|sl[ td ltdLnfO{ .
syf ====                                                                                                                   ca t xfdL cem k'/fgf] o'udf clg k|s[ltdf kms{g rfxG5f}+ lsgsL ljsf;sf] gfddf ljgf;
          p 8fS6/ d rf“xL nfx'/]                                                                               xfd|f] nIo xf]Og . k|s[lteGbf 7"nf] dfGg]x? cfkm"nfO{ k|s[ltdf ;dflxt u/]/ t x]/ k|s[lt g} ltd|L hggL
                                                                                                               x'g\ . ltdL wtL{eGbf a]wtL{df cg';Gwfg ug{ rfxG5f}+, ltd|f] ;Gtfg 8]l6ªsf] gfdfkGw|} jif{df cljjflxt
                                                                                      ;f]g' s'df/ ;'gf/        ue{jlt ePsf] ltdLnfO{ yfx 5}g ltdL t lj1fgsf] gfddf u|x u|xsf] kfgL / xfjf hfRg Jo:t 5f}+ .
                                                                                                               ltdL cfˆgf] cfªsf] e};L b]Vb}gf}+ csf[sf] cfªdf gePsf] h'd|f] klg 5 ls eg]/ cg';Gwfg u5f}+ /
             xQ]/L cfh :s'n hfg cln l9nf] eP h:tf] 5 . gf} ah]/ $% cxf], :s'ndf bz ah] k'Ug'
5 . cfh t km]/L :s'ndf z'qmjfl/o sfo{qmd klg x'G5 ;flyx?;Fu sfo{qmddf efulng] af/] ;Nnfx ug'{                  cf0fjLs zlQmsf] k|of]u / k|b{zg u5f}+ . ltdL / xfdLdf hldg cfsf;sf] km/s 5 ltdL cfsf;df 5f}
kg{] s:tf] v]Nbf v]Nb} ;do ljt]sf] yfx} ePg . …cfdf cfdf vfgf tof/ 5 < :s'n hfg l9nf] eof] c?                  xfdLeGbf w]/} dfly h;nfO{ xfdL lbgdf b]Vg} ;Sb}gf} /ftdf ltdL cfkm} b]lvb}gf} . t/ s;}n] eg] klg
;flyx? uO ;s] xf]nfg .Ú                                                                                        g eg] klg dfly g} /xg' xfdL t oyf{ydf 5f} wtL{ xfd|f] oyf{y xf] wtL{eGbf dfly hfg] b'ik|of; xfdL
             …cf]xf] aNn kf] vfgf ;f]W5; nf6f w]/} l9nf] eO ;Sof], cfOh l56f] vfgf vfg .Ú cfdfn] vfgf          ub}{gf} . lsgsL hggLeGbf dfly k'u]/ cfkm}nfO{ 7"nf] 7fGg'sf] 7"NofO{ s]xL xf]Og k|s[lt g} ;jf]{Zj xf]
vfg af]nfPkl5 d leq uPF / vfOj/L u/]/ d :s'n lt/ nfu]F . cfh l9nf] x'gfn] emSsn] klg :s'n                      k|s\lteGbf 7"nf] ;Gtf]if s]xL 5}g xfdL k|s[lt ltdL s[ltd, xfdL a]sDdf ltdL a}1flgs t/ slQ k5'tf]
uO;Sof] To;}n] d PSn} :s'ndf xtf/ xtf/ k'u]F . :s'ndf k'Ubf zf/Ll/s Aofod ;s]/ klg klxnf] 306L                 5}g cfTdf;Gt'i6L eGbf 7"nf] c? s]xL g} 5}g . ;Gtf]ifd\ k/d ;'vd\ .
k9fpg /]jGt/fh ;/ sIff leq uO;Sg' eP5 . bf}8Fbf yfs]/ /ftf] / lgGofp/f] cg'xf/ lnP/ d xfd|f] ;ft
sIffsf] 9f]sfdf k'u]F . d}n] …d] cfO sd Og ;/Ú eGg nfu]sf] dfq s] vf]h]sf] lyPF . /]jGt]/fh ;/n] emls{Fb}                                                                         sfo{qmddf ;:yfsf ;lrj /d]z s'df/
oxfF sfkL hfFr klg ;ls;Sof] lsg l9nf] u/L; rª\v], cfOh cfOh . eGg] lalQs} d leq uPF /                         clwsf+ ; ======                                          >]i7n] k|ult k|ltj]bg tyf sf]iffWoIf uf]kfn ljqmd
emSsn]sf] sf]vfdf a;]F . d leq k'Ug] lalQs} snf;sL dlg6/ sljtf s/fO …;/ of] lsg l9nf] cfof]                                                       '
                                                                                                              ;+rfnsx? atfpF5g\ . :ju{¢f/L s]an g]6js{ leu[sf
                                                                                                              ;+rfns z/b >]i7n] ;a} sfuhft k'/f u/L o; jif{            zfxn] cfly{ s jif{ )^&÷^* sf] n] v fkl/If0f
o;nfO{ p7a; u/fpg' k5{ .Ú ;/n] ef] 5f8\b] cj cfhnfO{ km]/L o:tf] uNtL gug{' eg]/ dnfO a:gsf]                                                                           k|ltj]bg k|:t't ug'{ePsf] lyof] . xfn ;+:yfn]
nfuL eg] . snf;sf] cGTo eof] / ;j} aflx/ lg:s] .                                                              btf{ ug{ ;f]r /x]sf] atfpg'eof] .
             aflx/ u|fp08df ljBfyL{x? 5l/P/ lxF8\b} lyP . hfF8f]sf] dlxgf ePsfn] kfl/nf] 3fd eg]sf] Ps                   lhNnf k|;fzg sfof{nodf ;+:yf btf{             ul/jL lgjf/0f sf]if cGt{ut kfFr uflj;, x]km/
ls;Ldsf] k|f0f h:t} lyof] . sIff leq hf8f]n] s'qm'Ss k/]/ a;]sf ;a} aflx/ lg:sFbf 3fddf ;a}nfO                h:t} k|lqmofn] btf{ u/L g]kfn ;/sf/ ;"rgf tyf            cGt{ut @ / Pnlhl;8LkL cGt{ut ^ uflj;df
cfgGbsf] cg'elt ePsf] b]Vg ;lsGYof] . ljBfyL{x? 3fd tfFkL/x]sf a]nf PSsf;L xnrn k}bf eof] ;/n]                ;~rf/ dGqfnoaf6 l:js[t lnP/ dfq s]a'n g]6js{             sfo{qmd ;+rfng u/]sf] 5 .
dfOsaf6 …;Dk'0f{ ljBfyL{ efOa}gLx? z'qmafl/o k|ltof]lutfsf] nfuL tof/ eO /fv / cfh x'g] nf]slut               ;~rfng ug{ kfO{g] lgod /x]sf] 5 . s]a'n ;+rfng           klxnf] ======
k|ltof]lutfsf] nfuL cf–cfkm\gf] l6dx? agfpÚ eGg' eof] . nf]slut k|ltof]lutfdf emSsn]n] dfbn                   u/]jfkt s'n cfosf] @ k|ltzt s/ ;/sf/nfO{                 5 . sfo{qmddf lgdf{0f Joj;flox?n] ;dfhn]
ahfpFYof] / d}n] lut ufpg] uy{] / xfdL ;w} k|yd x'g] uYof{}F . cfh klg emSsn]nfO{ d}n] af]nfPF p rf}/sf]
s'gfdf otfplt ul//x]sf] lyof] . ;fob dnfO g} vf]lh/x]sf] lyof] xf]nf . d p ePlt/ uPF . p:n] dnfO{             a'emfpg' k5{ . b'u{d uflj;sf nfuL dGqfnoaf6              cfkm'x?nfO{ 7]s]bf/sf] ?kdf a'em\g gx'g] atfPsf
b]v]kl5 eGof] …cf] rª\v] sFxf x/fPsf] xF <Ú cfh ufpg] lut n]Vof 5; < cF cfh t d}n] hflto 5'jf5't              l:js[t lngsf] nflu kf‘r xhf/ ?k}ofF nfUg] sfof{non]      lyP . pgLx?n] cfkm'x? klg ;d[4 /fHo lgdf{0fsf]
;DaGwL lut n]v]sf] 5' of/ s:tf] xf]nf xF < p;n] eGof] cfh klg tF k|yd cfpg] ;Defjgf kSsf 5 .                  hfgfPsf] 5 . lhNnf x'nfs sfof{noaf6 aflif{s              Pp6f lx:;f ePsfn] lgdf{0fstf{sf] ?kdf a'em\g
ef] ef] w]/} s'/f ug{] xf]Og km'sf{pg tFnfO v'j cfFp5 . :s'nsf] d}bfgdf sfo{qmd ;'? eof] sfo{qmdsf]           kfFr ;o ?k}ofdf s]j'n g]6js{ gljs/0f x'G5 . kfFr         cfu|x u/]sf lyP . lhNnfdf x'g] ljsf; lgdf{0fsf
pb3f]if0f ug{sf] nfuL ;/n] xfd|L snf;sL SofK6]g sljtfnfO af]nfpg' eof] . sljtfn] sfo{qmd cufl8                xhf/ ?k}of gljs/0f z'Ns eP klg ;/sf/n] ()                sfo{x? pkef]Qmf ;ldlt dfkm{t hfg] / ;ldltn]
a9fpFb} ;j} l6d ln8/x?nfO{ lr¶f l6Kgsf] nfuL d~rdf cfpg pb3f]if0f ul/g\ . hDdf hDdL @) l6d                    k|ltzt 5'6 lbg] u/]sf] x'nfs sfof{no Ko"7fgsf            7"nf d]l;gx?sf] k|of]u u/L ljsf; lgdf{0fsf] sfd
btf{ ePsf]df xfd|f] ;d'x slt gDa/df kg{] xf] d]/f] d'6' sfFkL/x]sf] lyof] . lr¶fdf xfd|f] l6d t];|f] gDa/df   k|d'v s]=;L=n] atfpg'eof] .                              ugf{n] cfkm'x? dsf{df k/]sf] atfP .
k/]sf] lyof] . klxnf] / bf];|f]sf] kfnf] ;lsPkl5 xfd|f] kfnf] cfof] cuf8L ufOPsf lutx?df slxn] lut                       ca}w tl/sfn] ;~rfng u/]sf s]a'n                           sfo{qmddf lgdf{0f Aoj;foL Ko"7fgsf
ldn]sf] lyPg t sltv]/ dfbn ldn]sf] lyPg . xfd|f] gfd d~raf6 elgPkl5 xfdL d~rdf lut ufpgsf]                    g]6js{n] klg btf{jfnn] hlQs} /sd p7fpg] u/]sf            cWoIf zf]ef/fd e08f/Lsf] cWoIftf, s]lGb|o ;b:o
nfuL d / dfbn ahfpgsf] nfuL xfdL cuf8L uofF} . xfd|f] k|:t'lt ;lsof] / c? l6dx?sf] k|:t'ltx?                  5g\ . o:tf s]j'n lhNnfsf r'hfF7f6L, /:k'/sf]6,           k'0f{ axfb'/ e08f/Lsf] k|d'v cfltTYotf / ;ef;b
k|:t't e/x]sf lyP lut ufO;s]kl5 d]/f] dgdf Psbd xnrn eO/x]sf] lyof] . emSsn] sfo{qmd x]g{
Ao:t lyof] d}n] k6s k6s p;nfO eGy]F xfdL s] x'G5fF} xf]nf xF < p;n] d]/f] s'/f jf:tf gu/Lsg                   d/07fgf, tf] / jfª, dR5L, afª] d /f] 7 , 7" n fj] z L,   lbks axfb'/ s]=;Lsf] ljlzi6 cfltYotf /x]sf] lyof]
sfo{qmddf lnKt eP/ Wofg nufPsf] lyof] .                                                                       gofFufFp, le+u[, a8\8fF8f, jfª\u]zfn, afxfg] nufPt       . sfo{qmddf ;ldltsf lgjt{dfg cWoIf lx/f yfkfn]
             sfo{qmdsf] cGTo cfO;Sof] ;j} l6dx?sf] ufpg] ;do ;ls;Sof] . glthfsf] nfuL lg0ff{os                If]qdf ;+rflnt 5g\ .                                     lhNnfsf] ;du| ljsf;sf af/]df sfo{kq k|:t't
d08n leq sf]7flt/ uof] . ;j}sf] dgdf olx 5fO/x]sf] x'g'k5{ sL k|yd, l4lto, t[lto s'g x'G5 eg]/
oxL cGof]ntfsf] lardf lg0ff{os d08n leqaf6 aflx/ cfof] ;j}sf] cfFvf Tot} lt/ uof] / jflx/ cfof]
                                                                                                              dNn/fgLsf] ======                                        ug{'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmdsf] ;+rfng afnfh' >]i7n]
                                                                                                              ;+:yfdf sfo{/t sd{rf/Lsf] sNof0fsf/L sf]if :yfkgf        ug{'ePsf] lyof] .
glthf, xfd|f] l6d cfh klg k|yd eof] v'l;sf] t ;Ldf g} /x]g slt xf] slt v';L t uGg g;lsg] .                    ug]{, ks]6 If]q ljsf; tyf lj:tf/ sfo{qmd aGb
k|ltof]lutf ;DkGg eof] . :s'ndf emSsn] / d]/f] o:t} bf]:tL lyof] ls xfdL h'g;'s} sfd ubf{ klg;Fu}
x'GYof}F . 3/, ufFp, /fd3fd ;j} 7fFpdf p;sf] / d]/f] hf]8L ;Fu} x'GYof] . k9fO{df p lgs} tu8f lyof] ls        zqn] kfl/t u/]sf] 5 . To;}u/L ;/;kmfO{ cleofg,            3/3/sf] cfjfh, dg dgsf] cfjfh
p;n] sljtf;Fu klg k|lt:kwf{sf] x}l;ot /fVbYof] . t/ ;[hgfTds 1fgx? d df w]/} ePklg k9fOdf d                   v]ns'b, ;f:s[lts tyf ;f+u]lts sfo{qmd tkm{ klg                   ljsf; ldl8of ;le{ ;
p eGbf s]xL sdhf]/ lyFP, :t/sf] b[li6n] klg p wlg lyof] eg] d]/f] kl/jf/sf] cfly{s cj:yf sdhf]/               k|fyldstf lbg] ;+:yfn] hgfPsf] 5 .
lyof] . d]/f] kl/jf/ ul/j ePsf]n] d}n] 3/sf] sfddf w]/} ;do lbg'kg{] ePsfn] d]/f] k9fOsf] cj:yf                            ;+:yfsf cWoIf ljho s'df/ >]i7sf]             g]kfnåf/f ;~rflnt ;fd'bflos /]l8of]
sdhf]/ ePsf] xf] . lbgx? laTb} hfFbf, emSsn] / d dfly tn ul//xFbf xfd|f] :s'ndf kl/Iff klg cfof]              cWoIftf tyf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L n's axfb'/                Ko"7fg Pkm=Pd= (@ d]ufxh{df ;"rgf,
. ;ft sIffsf] aflif{s kl/Iff klg ;lsof] kl/Iffsf] l/hN6 kv{g]{ lbg klg ;lsof] snf;df sljtf klxnf]             If]qLsf] k|d'v cfltYotfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf lhNnf
/ emSsn] bf];|f] clg lasf; t];|f] eP . d rfxL …d t v} s] egF' /, km]n ePF .Ú PSsf;L l/hN6 k|sflzt             l:yt /fhgLlts bn, ;/sf/L tyf u}/ ;/sf/L ;+3               1fgj4{ s / dgf] / ~hgfTds
eO;s]kl5 d]/f] km]n dfs{l;6 cfof] dnfO{ clxn] ;Dds} ;j}eGbf 7'nf] lk8fsf] cg'e'lt eof] . ;fFem 3/             ;+:yfsf k|ltlglw, ;+:yf4f/f ul7t ljleGg ;d'xsf
kms{g] a]nf emSsn]sf] lgwf/df clj/ / xftdf kf; ePsf] dfs{;L6 lnP/                    af“sL ^ k]hdf ====                                                                 sfo{qmdx? ;'Gg ge"nf}+ .
                                                                                                              kbflwsf/L nufotsf] ;xefuLtf lyof] .
  Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                                @)^* ;fn d+l;/ @* ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                     %
                                                                                       Ko"7fg ufp“3/
  lk8fsf] ;'gjfO{ gePsf] Psn dlxnfsf] u'gf;f] l8cfO{hL yfkfåf/f cg'udg
             '                                                                                                                                         Ko" 7 fg-Ko" ; ;_÷ dWoklZrd     k|x/L k|zf;gnfO{ zflGt cdg rog sfod
Ko" 7 fg ;dfrf/ ;+ j fbbftf                                                                                                                                 '
                                                                                                                                           If]lqo k|x/L k|dv k|x/L gfoj dxflgl/Ifs-    ug{sf nflu :yfgLojf;LnfO{ ;xof]u ug{
           Ko" 7 fg÷ @)^$ ;fn c;f]h                                                                                                        l8cfOhL- kfj{tL yfkf du/n] cfOtjf/          cfu|x ug{' eof] . k|x/Ln] sfo{ ug{]
dlxgfdf >Ldfg\ u'dfpg'ePsL j]Njf;                                                                                                          Ko"7fg lhNnfsf] z'/Iff cj:yfsf af/]df       lznlznfdf /fhgLlts x:tIfk st} st}
Ko"7fgsL l/vf sfnfyf]sL cfkm' cem}                                                                                                         :ynut hfgsf/L lng' ePsf] 5 . k|d'v          b]lvg] u/]sf] Ko"7fg k|x/Ln] atfPsf] 5 .
cGofodf /x]sf] atfpg'eof] . cfkm\gf]                                                                                                       yfkfn] t'ngfTds ?kdf Ko"7fg lhNnfsf]                       '
                                                                                                                                                                                                  k|dv l8cfOhL yfkfn] :yfgLo
>Ldfg\ n fO{ n8] / d[ T o' ePsf] eGb}                                                                                                      zflGt ;'/Iff cj:yf /fd|f] ePsf] k|ltlqmof   gful/s ;dfh, /fhgLlts bn,
:yfgLon] nf; NofOlbP klg >Ldfg\sf]                                                                                                         lbg'eof] .                                  ;dfh;]jL, a'l4lhjL kqsf/ nufPt;Fu
xTof ePsf] x'g ;Sg] pxfFsf] cg'dfg 5                                                                                                                   lhNnf k|x/L sfof{nosf nflu      e]63f6 sfo{qmd ;d]t ug{' ePsf] 5 .
. 5fgljgsf nflu :yfgLo k|x/Ldf lgj]bg                                                                                                                     ]
                                                                                                                                           cfjZos lgb{zg lbgsf nflu cfkm' Ko"7fg                              ]|
                                                                                                                                                                                       sfo{qmddf g]kfnL sf+u; Ko"7fgsf ;'ef;
lbP klg To;sf] s'g} ;'g'jfO{ gePsf]                                                                                                        cfPsf] atfpFb} k|d'v l8cfOhL yfkfn]                             af“sL & k]hdf ====
pxfFn] atfpg'eof] . rf/ j6L 5f]/L /
;;'/f;Fu a:b} cfpg'ePsL l/vfn] xTof
ePsf] x'g' ;Sg] eP klg vf]h tnf;                                                                                                            dfgj clwsf/ ;+/If0fdf Wofg lbg' kg]{
gePsf] pxfFn] atfpg'eof] .                                                                                                                 s] z / /f] s f÷Ko" ; ;                      af]Ng] aQfx?n] o:tf] wf/0ff /fv]sf x'g .
           cfOtjf/ ;b/d'sfd vn+ufdf                                                                                                                    Ko"7fg÷b]z zflGt k|lqmofaf6     o; cl3 dfgj clwsf/sf] If]qdf snd
Ps sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf ul/ lhNnf                                                                                                           cufl8 al9/x]klg hgtfn] ck]Iffs[tL ?kdf      rnfpg] lhNnfsf] pTs[ i 7 Ps hgf
e/sf           Psn           dlxnfx?n]                                                                                                     zflGtsf] cg' e ' l t ug{ gkfPsf]            kqsf/nfO{ ;Ddfg ug{] 3f]if0ff ul/P klg
                                        ]
;/f]sf/jfnfx?nfO{ cfkm\gf b'Mv];f] kf]vsf           cfkm\gf lk8f kf]Vb} vn+uf–# sf s[i0ff      >]i7 ;fydf ;xefuL Psn dlxnfx?               clwsf/sdL{x?n] atfPsf 5g\ . dfgj            ;fgf] sfo{qmd ePsf] eGb} ;Ddfg ug{
5g\ . Psn dlxnfx?nfO{ kl/jf/, ;dfh            a]nf dfcf]jfbLn] cfkm\gf] >Ldfg\sf] xTof          pgLx?sf] u'gf;f] lyof] . Psn dlxnfx?df     clwsf/sf] ;+/If0fsf nflu /fHo pbfl;g        glsPsf] cfof]hsn] hgfPsf] 5 .
b]lv /fHon] ;Dd pk]lIft u/]sf] pgLx?n]        u/]sf] atfpFb} pFxfn] eGg'eof], …Ps 5fFs          JolQmsf] OR5f cg' ; f/ /ftf] sk8f          ePsf] eGb} zflGt / ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f                     lhNnf :tl/o dfgj clwsf/
atfPsf 5g\ . pgLx?n] Psn dlxnfnfO{            vfG5', Tof] klg wf} wf} ePsf] 5 .Ú                nufpg], l;Gb'/ nufpg] h:tf sfo{df          k|lqmof;Fu} dfgj clwsf/ ;+/If0fdf /fHon]    ;+hfn, Ko"7fg, dfgj clwsf/ ;+/If0f
eQf lbg] ;/sf/n] 3f]if0ff u/] klg                          vn+ u f–# sL s[ i 0ff >] i 7n]       kl/jt{g eP klg To;sf] k|ToIf cg'ej                      ]
                                                                                                                                           Wofg lbg'kg{df plgx?n] cfu|x u/]sf x'g .    tyf sfg'gL ;]jf s]Gb| -x/Kn];_ Ko"7fg,
sfof{Gjog x'g g;s]sf]df u'gf;f] u/]sf         3/ agfpF b } u/] s f] cj:yfdf >Ldfg\              ug{ gkfPsf] pgLx?n] atfP .                             ^# cf} + cGt{ / fli6« o dfgj    cgf}krfl/s If]q ;]jf s]Gb| -OG;]s_, Ko"7fg,
5g\ . Psn dlxnfx?n] cfkm\gf xs                lj/fdL ePkl5 pkrf/sf qmddf                                     Psn dlxnfx?nfO{ h'6fpg]       clwsf/ lbjzsf] cj;/df zlgjf/                g]kfn dfgj clwsf/ ;+u7g Ko"7fg,
clwsf/ s] x'g\ / s;/L kfOG5 eGg]              >Ldfg\ u' d fpg' e of] . pF x fnfO{ clxn]         sfd dfgj clwsf/sf] nflu dlxnf,             ;b/d'sfd vn+ufdf ePsf] Ps sfo{qmdf                              af“sL & k]hdf ====
;d]t yfxf gePsf] atfPsf 5g\ .                 l5d] s Lx?n] pk] I ff u/] s f] d f b' M v JoQm    Psn dlxnf lhNnf zfvf Ko" 7 fgn]
           ljh'jf/–* sL uf]df kf}8]nn]
Psn dlxnfsf / ckfª ePsfn] 3/
rnfpg ;d:of k/]sf] atfpg'eof] .
                                              ug' { e of] . pF x fn] eGg' e of] , …5f] / fx?
                                              ;fgf 5g\ , ;dfhn] x] n f u5{ , s;/L
                                              afF s L lhjg sf6\ g ] xf] .Ú
                                                                                                u/]sf] xf] . ;d'xn] kl5Nnf] k6s lhNnfdf
                                                                                                /ftf] l6sf cleofg ;+rfng u/]sf] 5 .        ;+3sf] gof“ sfo{ ;ldlt
                                                                                                uflj; :t/df Psn dlxnfx?sf]                                        ;_÷g]
                                                                                                                                                       Ko"7fg-Ko";;_÷ kfn du/ ljBfyL{ ;+3 Ko"7fgsf] ut j'wjf/ ;DkGg
lt/fdsL s[ i 0ff vqLnfO{ kl/jf/sf                          ;du| ?kdf ;dfhn] Psn                 ;fj{hlgs e]nf u/L /ftf] l6sf nufpg]        rf}yf}F clwj]zgn] kbd a'9fyf]sL du/sf] cWoIftfdf !# ;b:oLo gofF sfo{;ldlt
5f]/fx?n] ;d]t x]nf u/]sf]n] cfkm' gofFufFp   dlxnfnfO{ x]g{] b[li6sf]0f kl/jt{g eP             u/] s f 5g\ . of] sfo{ q md ( j6f          rog u/]sf] 5 . ;+3sf] pkfWoIf s]z/ l;+x k'gdu/, ;lrj dlgsnf k'g du/,
ef8fdf a:b} cfPsf] atfpg'eof] . 4Gbsf         klg JolQm ljz]ifdf eg] Tof] nfu' gePsf]           uflj;df ;DkGg e} ;s]sf] 5 .                ;x;lrj u]hdfg /fgfdu/, sf]iffWoIf ;ljtf a'9fdu/ / ;b:ox?df o"lgs
                                                                                                                                           a'9fdu/, dg axfb'/ a'9fdu/, hf]g 3lt{du/, qmflGt a}hfnL du/, odnfn k'g
 sflnsfsf] ;fdflhs n]vf kl/If0f
            ljh' j f/-Ko" ; ;_÷ sflnsf        /fVg] lgsfo;+ u 5nkmn ug{
                                                                                                rf/ uflj; 5gf}6
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                                                                                                           Ko"7fg-Ko";;_÷
                                                                                                                                           du/, cfzf 3lt{ du/, tf/fl;+x yfkfdu/, sNkgf 7]8L du/ /xg'ePsf] 5 .
                                                                                                                                           To;}u/L a}sNkLs ;b:ox?df cd/ k'g du/, d]3/fh 7]8L du/, hfln/fd yfkf /
                                                                                                                                           cfbz{ 7]8L /xg'ePsf] 5 .
                                                                                                jif{df n3'pBd ljsf; ;DjGwL sfo{qmd                                                                                      '
                                                                                                                                                       g]kfn du/ ljBfyL{ ;+3 s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf ;lrj b]jLsf 3lt{ du/sf] k|dv
ljsf; s]Gb| g]kfn ljh'jf/n] cfly{s jif{       ;xefuLx?sf] ;'emfj lyof] .                        ;+rfng ug{sf] nflu lhNnfsf rf/ uflj;df
)^&÷)^* df ;+rfng u/]sf] ljljw                           ;fdflhs n] v f k/LIf0f                 5gf}6 ul/Psf] 5 . n'ª, kmf]KnL, bfËjfª /   cfltYotfdf clwj]zg ;DkGg ePsf] xf] . lhNnfsf ljleGg pRr df=lj= / df= lj=
sfo{ q mdsf] ] z' q mjf/ lhNnf :t/Lo          sfo{qmddf ;fem]bf/L sfo{qmd cGt{ut                j/f}nf uflj; 5gf}6 ul/Psf] xf] .           ;ldltx?af6 sfo{qmddf ;xefuLx?nfO{ ;+u7gsf s]lGb|o sf]iffWoIf anlj/ a'9f
;fdflhs n]vfk/LIf0f u/]sf] 5 . @)#(           ul7t cfdf ;d'x, o'jf ;'rgf s]Gb|sf                           n3'pBd sfo{qmd ;+rfns           du/n] ;f+u7lgs k|lzIf0f ;+3sf s]Gb|Lo dxf;lrj g/]Gb| yfkf du/ n] ;+l3otf,
;fndf :yfkgf ePsf] ;+:yfn] xfn ul/jL          kbflwsf/L, afnljsf; s]Gb|sf ;xhstf{,              ;ldltsf] ut a'wjf/ a;]sf] j}7sn]                                                      ]
                                                                                                                                           cfTdlg0f{osf] clwsf/ / du/ft :jfoQ k|bzsf] ljifodf k|lzIf0f lbg'ePsf] lyof]] .
lgjf/0f sf]if, ;]e b lrN8«g ;femf p4]Zosf
                         ]                    nlIft ;d'bfosf :yfgLojf;L, ljifout                pQm uflj; 5gf}6 u/]]sf] xf] . 3/]n'
nflu k|fof]hLt sfo{qmd, cGtl/d ag
kl/of]hgf nufotsf sfo{qmd ;fem]bf/L
                                              sfof{ n o, /fhg} l ts bn, lzIfs
                                              a' l 4lhlj, ;dfh;] j L nufotsf]
                                                                                                tyf ;fgf pBf]u ljsf; ;ldlt d'Vo
                                                                                                zfvf sfof{no Ko"7fgjf6 ;+rfng x'g]         cb'jfsf] If]qdf lg6n] sfd ug]{
?kdf ;+rfng ub}{ cfPsf] 5 .                   ;xefuLtf /x]sf] lyof] . ;+:yfsf cWoIf             jflif{ s sfo{ q md cGt/ut sfo{ q md                   a8\8fF8f-Ko";;_÷
                                                                                                                                                                   ;_÷lhNnfdf pTkfbg x'g] cb'jfsf] Joj;flos/0f, pTkfbg,
                                                                                                ;+rfng ul/g] ePsf] xf] .                   k|;f]wg / ahfl/s/0fsf nflu lg6 g]kfnn] sfd ug{] ePsf] 5 . lhNnfdf klxnf]
            lhNnfsf ;a}h;f] u}/ ;/sf/L        ch'{g s'df/ sIfkltsf] cWoIftf, lhNnf
sfof{ n ox?n] ;fj{ h lgs n] v fk/LIf0f        ljsf; ;ldlt Ko"7fgsf ;'rgf clws[t                                                            k6s x+;k'/ / 9'+u]u9L uflj;df sfo{qmd ;+rfng ug{] ;+:yfn] hgfPsf] 5 .
sfo{qmd ug]{ u/]klg ;fdflhs n]vfk/LIf0f
ug]{ ;+:yf sflnsf ljsf; s]Gb| dfq} ePsf]
                                              nId0f cfrfo{sf] k|d'v cfltTYotf /x]sf]
                                              sfo{qmdsf] ;+rfng sfo{sf/L lgb]{zs
                                                                                                cfdf 5f]/L j]kQf                                      USAID NEAT kl/of]hgfsf] ;xof]udf ;+rfng x'g] sfo{qmdsf af/] ;f]djf/
                                                                                                                                           a8\8fF8fdf cGt/lqmof sfo{qmd ;d]t ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . lg6 g]kfnsf] cfof]hgf
                                                                                                                        ;_÷Ko"
                                                                                                          8fd[ - Ko" ; ;_÷ 7 fgsf]
eGb} ;xefuLx?n] k|z+;f u/]sf lyP .            /fh]Gb| k|;fb /fhe08f/Ln] ug'{ePsf]]              8fd[– $ lgjf;L @% jlif{o wgf /f]sf         tyf P]/fjtL art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf lnld6]8sf] ;x–cfof]hgfdf ePsf]
nlIft ;d' b fosf :yfgLon] sflnsf              lyof] . sfo{qmddf ;fem]bf/L sfo{qmdsf             bz lbgb]vL 5f]/L ;lxt x/fpg'ePsf]          sfo{qmddf uflj; cGt/utsf ;fd'bflos ;+:yf, uflj;, s[lif ;]jf s]Gb|, tyf b'O{
ljsf; s]Gb| g]kfn cGtu{t ;fem]bf/L            sfo{qmd ;+of]hsn] jif{e/L u/]sf k|ult             5 . cfdf5f]/L cFem};Dd km]nf gk/]kl5       uflj;sf cu'jf s[ifsx?sf] ;xefuLtf /x]sf] lyof] .
?kdf ;+rfnLt sfo{qmdx? k|efjsf/L              k|ltj]bg k|:t't u/]sf lyP . To;}u/L               cfkmGtn] vf]htnf; u/Llbg cfu|x                        lg6 g]kfnn] of] sfo{qmd g]kfnd} klxnf] k6s olx d+l;/ b]lv z'? u/]sf]
ePsf] k|ltlqmof lbPsf lyP . ;+:yfn]           ;femf pb]Zosf nflu k|fof]lht sfo{qmd              u/]sf 5g\ . cf7 dlxgfsf] aflnsf            xf] . ;+:yfn] o; cl3 :ofªhf, gjnk/f;Lsf] kxf8L If]q, ;Nofgdf cGt/lqmof
cfkm\gf] nf]slk|otfsf] ?kdf dfq geP/          nfu' ePsf uflj;sf pTs[i6 ljBfno,                  ;lxt d+l;/ !* ut]b]vL a]kQf ePsf]          sfo{qmd ;DkGg u/]sf] 5 . ;+:yfn] uflj;df s[ifsx?sf] j8f :tl/o ;d'x u7g
sfo{qmd nfu' kZrft ;dfhdf cfPsf]              Joj:yfkg ;ldlt, lzIfs nufotnfO{                   kfl/jfl/s ;|f]tn] hgfPsf] 5 . cGbfhL       ul/ sfo{qmd ;+rfng ug{] hgfPsf] 5 . o;sf nflu 9'+u]u9Lsf] %, !, $, @, ^, &,
k/Ljt{gaf/] klg ;do ;dodf ;/f]sf/             ;Ddfg ;d]t ul/Psf] lyof] .                        $ lkm6 cUnf] uf]/f] j0f{sL dlxnf a]kQf     / * df / x+;'/sf] ! / ^ j8fdf ;d'x u7g ul/;s]sf] 5 eg] cGo j8f ;d]t
                                                                                                                                           u7g ug{] sfo{qmd /x]sf] ;+:yfsf cWoIf lrGt axfb'/ ;f]d}n] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .
          ] ]{
 klqsf dfu/ xfOg lsg]/ k9\g] u/f+} .                                                            ePsf] k|x/Ln] hgfPsf] 5 .pFxfsf] s]lx
                                                                                                lbgb]lv dfgl;s ;Gt'ng l7s gePsf]
                                                                                                k/Ljfl/s ;|f]tn] hgfPsf] 5 .
                                                                                                                                                      sfo{qmdsf nflu lkmN8 k|fljlws Zofd ;'j]bL, ;fdlfhs kl/rfng
                                                                                                                                           b]pdfg ;f]d} /xg' ePsf] 5 . sfo{qmd !* dlxgf ;+rfng ug{] / /fd|f] k|ltlqmof
                                                                                                                                           cfPsf] v08df !) uflj; yk u/L sfo{qmd ;+rfng ug{] of]hgf /x]sf] lg6 g]kfnn]
                                                                                                                                           hgfPsf] 5 . – Kof/cnL vfg
 anfTs[t dlxnf Gofo vf]Hb} ;b/d'sfd du/ ;d'bfonfO{ nlIft ul/g]
 PnjL yfkf÷Ko" ; ;                                                                                                                                                ;_÷;LdfGts[t ;d'bfodf ;'/lIft ue{ktg ;]jfsf] kx'Fr
                                                                                                                                                      Ko"7fg-Ko";;_÷
             Ko" 7 fg÷ dlxnf lx+ ; f                                                                                                       clej[l4 ug]{ p2]Zon] du/ ;d'bfosf] jfx'Notf /x]sf]] uflj; cvf{, /hjf/f, vjfª,
 lj?4sf] !^ lbg] cleofg rln/x]s} a]nf                                                                                                      ln3f / dfemsf]6df ;'/lIft ue{ktg ;DjlGw sfo{qmd ;+rfng ul/g] ePsf] 5 .
 :yfgLo Ps AolQmaf6 anTs[t Ko"7fg                                                                                                                     u|fld0f If]qdf /x]sf du/ ;d'bfodf :jf:Yo ;]jfsf] kxF'r k'Ug g;s]sf]
 /DbLsL Ps dlxnf Gofo kfpg xf/                                                                                                             tyf c;'/lIft ue{ktg u/fpg] kfOPsf] eGb} pQm uflj; 5gf}6 ul/Psf] xf] .
 u'xf/ ub}{ ;bd'sfd cfPklg cfkm"n] Gofo                                                                                                    s[kfsf] cfly{s ;xof]u tyf l6s'/L ;s[o o"jf ;d"x ljh'jf/ Ko"7fgsf] ;dGjodf
 gkfPsf] u'gf;f] ug'{ePsf] 5 . d+l;/                                                                                                       olx d+l;/af6 sfo{qmd ;+rfng ug{ nfluPsf] xf] . ;d"xn] ut a'wjf/ ;b/d'sfd
 !& ut] :yfgLo lbks dNnn] ;fFemsf]                                                                                                         v+nufdf uf]i7Lsf] cfof]hgf u/L sfo{qmd jf/] hfgsf/L u/fPsf] xf] .
 ;dodf cfkm" n fO{ ha/h:tL s/0fL                                                                                                                      sfo{qmddf ;xefuLx?n] lhNnfsf] $( j6} uflj;df sfo{qmd lj:tf/
 u/]sf] lkl8t dlxnfn] atfpg'eof] .                                                                                                         ug{sf] nflu kxn ug{ ;d]t ;'emfj lbPsf lyP . b]ze/ cf7 lhNNffx?df sfo{qmd
             v}/f dfOtaf6 3/ hfg] qmddf                                                                                                    ;+rfng ub}{ cfPsf] s[kfn] o; jif{ b]lv Ko"7fgdf sfo{qmd ;+rfng ug{ nfu]sf] xf]
 h'h'g]6f eGg] 7fFpdf dNnn] cfkm\gf]                                                                                                       . sfo{qmddf ;d"xsf cWoIf b]j]Gb| jdf{n] ;+rfng ug]{ sfo{qmdsf] ;fy} ;d"xn] ub}{
 cl:dtf n'6]sf] lkl8tsf] egfO{ 5 .                                                                                                         cfPsf] sfo{qmdsf] jf/]df sfo{kq k|:t't ug'{ePsf] lyof] . – k|Hjn kxf8L
 36gfnfO{ lnP/ kLl8t kIfn] lhNnf k|x/Ldf
                                                     cGofodf k/]sf] af/] k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/LnfO{ u'gf;f] ub}{ lkl8t kIf
 ls6fgL hfx]/L lbPklg clxn];Dd k|x/Ln]
 bf]ifLnfO{ kqmfp ug{ tTk/tf gb]vfPsf]
 lkl8t kIfn] cf/f]k nufPsf] 5 .
                                              eGb} k|x/L u}/ lhDd]jf/ ag]sf] v8\sfn]
                                              b'v];f] ug'{eof] . cfkm"x?sf] ;3fpg] /
                                                                                                atfpg'eof] . lkl8t dxLnf / :yflgo
                                                                                                lhNNffsf dfgjclwsf/sdL{ /
                                                                                                                                           sfg'gL pkrf/ ;DjlGw tflnd
                                                                                                                                                      vn+ u f-Ko" ; ;_÷ kf/flnun ;ldltsf ;b:ox?sf nflu ^ lbg]
             ha/h:tL s/0fLdf ;+nUg            af]nLlbg] c? sf]xL gePsfn] :yflgo k|x/L           kqsf/nfO{ Gofosf] nflu ;xof]u ug{          tfnLd ;f]djf/b]lv ;b/d'sfd vn+ufdf rln/x]sf] 5 . dxLnf tyf afnnflnsf
 dNn ;f]xL lbgb]lv km/f/ /x]sf] k|x/Ln]       k|zf;gn] ;d]t 36gfnfO{ ;fgf] ?kdf                 ;b/d'sfd vn+uf cfPsf lyP . k|d'v           sfof{no Ko"7fgsf] cfof]hgf / o'lg;]kmsf] cfly{s ;xof]udf tflnd ;+rfng
 atfPsf] 5 . kLl8t dlxnf;F u }                lnPsf] kLl8tsf] egfO{ 5 . lkl8t                   lhNnf clwsf/L n's axfb'/ If]qLn]           u/LPsf] xf] . tfnLddf vn+uf uflj; :t/Lo kf/flnut sld6Lsf !% hgf
 ;b/d'sfd cfPsf sdn v8\sfn] Gofo              dxLnfsf] >Ldfg la/fdL ePsf] / pkrf/               36gfaf/] l9nf] yfxf ePsfn] cfkm' ulDe/     ;b:osf] ;xefuLtf /x]sf] 5 .
 lbnfpg ;xhLs/0f ug'{sf] ;f6f] pN6}           u/fpg n}hfgsf] nflu dfOtaf6 3/ hfFb}              /x]sf] atfpg'ePsf] 5 . 36gfsf bf]ifL                  tflnddf kf/flnun sld6Ln] ug]{ sfd st{Ao / clwsf/, dlxnf lx+;f,
 cfkm'x?nfO{ k|x/Ln] bf]ifLnfO{ vf]h tnf;     ubf{ af6f]df pQm 36gf 36]sf] lyof] .              km/f/ /x]sfn] kqmfp ug{sf nflu k|x/L       Go'lgs/0fsf pkfo, lx+;f ePdf kfpg ;lsg] sfg'gL pkrf/ / /fHon] u/]sf] Aoj:yf
 u/]/ vf]h]/ Nofpg eg]sf] atfpg'eof] .        36gf 36]sf] nfdf] ;do lalt;Sbf ;Dd                kl/rfng ul/Psf] lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no        nufotsf] af/]df hfgsf/L u/fOPsf] cfof]hsn] hgfPsf] 5 . sld6Ln] ufpF:t/df x'g]
 cfkm' x ?n] Gofo gkfP/ af/Daf/               :yflgo k|x/L k|zf;g df}g /x]sf] eGb}              Ko"7fgn] hgfPsf] 5 . cfkm'x?n] bf]ifL      kmf}hbf/L d'4f afx]s ;a}vfn] ;d:of ;dfwfgsf nflu kxn / k|of; ug]{ vn+uf
 ;b/d'sfd wfpg' k/]sf]] lrGtf AoQm            36gfk|lt ulDe/ aGg Wofgfsif{0f u/fPsf]            kqmgnfO{ ;xof]u ug{ dfq cfu|x u/]sf]       uflj; :t/Lo kf/flnun sld6L sld6Lsf cWoIf lji0f' nj6n] atfpg'eof] . tflndsf]
 ub}{ pxfFn] pN6} cfkm} vf]h]/ Nofpg'         dlxnf dfgjclwsf/sdL{ kfj{tf cfrfo{n]              k|x/Lsf] egfO{ 5 .                                                                           {
                                                                                                                                           ;xlhs/0f d]3/fh e6\6, kfj{tf cfrfo{n] nufotn] ug'ePsf] 5 .
  Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                              @)^* ;fn d+l;/ @* ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                      ^
                                                                                                            ljljw
                                                                                                                                            ;d:ofnfO{ cj;/sf]
/fp6] ;d'bfo / ;fd'bflos jg                                                                                                                 ?kdf abNg] aflgsf]
      g] k fn ax' e fifL, ax' h flt, ax'      . h;n] ubf{ /fp6] ;d'bfosf JolQmx?n]
;f+:s[lts w/f]x/ af]ssf] Pp6f ;d[å b]z
                      ]
xf] . h;sf] cfˆg} klxrfg 5 . cfˆg}
                                              sf7sf ;fdu|L lgdf{0f ug{ kfPsf 5}gg\
                                              . g]kfndf jg÷h+un ;+/If0f ug{sf nflu                                                          ljsf; u/f}+                                                   ;Gb] z cfrfo{
ljz]iftf 5 . o:tf ljifoj:t'x?n] ubf{          ;fd'bflos jgsf] cjwf/0ff NofPkl5                                                                          xfdL ;a} 7fpFdf ;d:of b]lv/x]sf x'G5f} t/ To; leqsf] ca;/sf]
g]kfnn] of] ;+;f/df cfˆg} klxrfg lbg          ljz]ifu/L /fp6] ;d'bfonfO{ ;d:of kg]{                                                         ;DefjgfnfO{ slxNo} b]Vg] k|of; ub}{gf}+ . hlxn] klg xfdL ;d:ofu|:t ag]/ u'Fgf;f]
;kmnePsf] 5 . o;df xfdLn] uf}/j ug{kg]{'      u/]sf] 5 . ;d'bfon] ;fd'bflos jgsf]                                                           k'0f{ hLjg ljtfpg] u/]sf] k|foM kfpF5f}+ . ljxfg p7\g] ljlQs} lbgel/sf] sfd
sf/0f klg 5g\ . g]kfndf Ps ;oeGbf             gfddf ;+/If0f ug]{ csf]{tkm{ /fp6]
a9L hftLsf] a;f]af; /x]sf] 5 . h;n]           ;d'bfon] h+undf ?v sf6\g] u/]kl5 of]                                                          ;lDemg] xf] eg] ToxfF klg ;d:of 5 . klxnf] ;d:of t hfF8f] df};ddf cf]R5fofg
ubf{ oxfFsf] :yfg ljz]ifn] klg cfˆgf]         ;d'bfonfO{ ;d:of kg]{ u/]sf] 5 . vf;u/L                                                       5f]8\g g} ;d:of T;; kl5 d'v w'g ;d:of b}lgs lhjgsf x/]s lbg ljxfg b]lv
klxrfg lbg ;kmn ePsf] 5 . b'O{ 7'nf           /fp6] ;d'bfosf nflu ;fdflhs ;'/Iff                       k| ] d axfb' / /fDhf                 lgb gkbf{ ;Dd ;d:o} ;d:of 5 . olt dfq sFxf xf] /, ;kgf g/fd|f] b]Vof] ToFlx
ldq b]zx?sf] aLrdf v'lDrPsf] xfd|f] b]zsf     eQfsf] Joj:yf u/]klg cw{jflif{s?kdf                                                           ;d:of 5 To;}n] xfld ;d:of b]lv slxNo} efUg ;s]gf} / cnu x'g klg ;s]+gf}+ .
cfˆg} Joyfx? /x]sf 5g\ . …rf/ hft             ljt/0f ug]{ u/]kl5 emg of] ;d'bfonfO{        x'g] kSsf 5 . o;/L cw{jflif{s ?kdf               To;}n] xf]nf b'O{ hgf ;fly e]6 x'gf ;fy b'a} hgfsf ;d:ofsf nfdf nfdf syfx?
5QL; j0f{sf] xfd|f] ;femf km"njf/LÚ h;sf]     ;d:of kg]{ u/]sf] 5 .                        ;fdflhs ;'/Iff eQf /fp6] ;d'bfodf                ;'? x'g] ub{5g / eGg] ub{5g of] ePg, Tof] ePg, d o:tf] ePsf] eP, d olt
of] ;+;f/df cfˆgf] 5'§} kl/ro /x]sf] 5 .             x' g t /fp6] ;d' b fosf] hLjg         ;b'kof]u x'G5 sL x'b}g d'Nofª\sg ug{             k9]sf eP ,d lg/f]uL ePsf] eP ,d zx/df hGd]sf] eP < o:tf ;d:ofdo
ToxL km' n jf/Lsf] eL8df km' N g]             ;~rfngdf s]xL ;xhtf Nofpgsf nflu             klg h?/L 5 .                                     u'Fgf;f]x? ;'gfP/ cfkm'nfO{ emg k5fl8 kfl//x]sf 5f}+ . o:tf] k|sf/sf] ;d:of
km"nx?dWosf dWo tyf ;'b"/klZrdsf              dfl;s?kdf Ps xhf/sf] eQfsf] Joj:yf                  cGTodf /fp6] x ?sf] ;d:of                 cfbfg k|bfgn] xfd|f] lbdfudf ;d:of eGg] zAbn] nfdf] h/f uf8\g'sf ;fy} cj;/
ljleGg jg÷h+undf a;f]af; ub}{ cfPsf           ul/Psf] xf] . t/, ;dodf eQf ljt/0f           ;dfwfgsf nflu ;j} Ps h'6 eP/                     zAbsf] d'gf knfpg ;s]sf] 5}g .
ljZjsf nf]kf]Gd'v hftLsf] ;'rLdf ;"rLs[t      gx'bf of] ;d'bfonfO{ w]/} ;d:of k/]sf] 5     nfUg'kg]{ cfjZostf /x]sf] 5 . ljz]ifu/L                      ca;/k"0f{ hLjg slxNo} gb]Vg] ;d:of k"0f{ hLjg ;w} cf}+Nofpg] ,
/fp6] ;d'bfosf] af/]df s]xL n]Vg] hdsf]{      . o:tf] ljhf]u kfg{' klg unt h:tf] nfU5      @)%) ;fnkl5 g] k fndf ;fd' b flos                To;}n] xfd|f] k|fo hLjg u'Fgf;f]df ljTg] u/]sf] b]lvG5 . x/]s afwf, cK7f/f, cefj,
u/]sf] 5' . uNtL ePdf Ifdf lbg'xf]nf          . x'g t ljutsf k|wfgdGqLb]lv 7"nf–7"nf       jgsf] cjwf/0ff cfPkl5 ;Dk"0f{ /fli6«o            k|lts'ntf r'gf}ltnfO{ ;d:ofsf] ?kdf b]v]/ To; leqsf] cj;/ nfO{ b]Vg g;Sg'n]
eGg] ck]Iff lnPsf] 5' .                       g]tfx?;+u cfkm'x? s'g} klg xfntdf            h+un ;fd'bflos jgdf kl/0ft x'b} uP               ubf{ xfd|f] hLjg lg:s[o agfO{ lo ;a} s'/fnfO{ ;d:ofs} ?kdf lnP/ klG5g] u/]sf]
      vf; u/L k/fDk/fb]lv jg÷h+undf           ufpFdf a;f]af; gug]{ atfpFb} cfPsf lyP       eg] h+undf a;f]af; ub}{ cfPsf /fp6]              kfO{G5 . o:tf lk/ lrGtfn] u|:t eP/ u'Fgf;f] n]lvPsf] c:ktfndf k'lu/x]sf x'G5f}+
a;f]af; ub}{ cfPsf /fp6] ;d'bfo xfn           . /fp6]x?sf] klxrfg klg oxL xf] hundf        ;d'bfosf] af;:yfg ljgf; x'b} uPsf]               hlta]nf ;DalGwt lrlsT;s / cf}iflwsf]sf] cefjdf xfldnfO{ 5\6kl6 x'G5 jf
ljrNnLdf 5 . ljrNnL lsg k/] t eGg]            a;f]af; ug{' . kl5Nnf] ;dodf ;fd'bflos       ;To xf] . vf;df /fp6] ;d' b fo                   egf} cfˆgf u'Fgf;fx? c?nfO{ ;'gfpg gkfpFbf cfkm'nfO{ 7'nf] lk8f dx;'; x'G5 .
;jfndf tkfO{x? cndndf gkg{' xf]nf             jgsf sf/0f cln w]/} ;d:ofdf k/]sf            ;d'bfodf kl/0ft g} x'g rfxb}g eg]                o:tf k|sf/sf] 56k6L / lk8fn] dflg;sf] lqmofl;ntfdf x|f; cfpg], ef]s, lgb|f
vf; of] ;d'bfodf ljrNnLdf k/]sf] 5 .          5g\ . h+unx? ;a} ;fd'bflos jgdf              Ps k6s of] ;d'bfosf] nflu klg xfdLn]             ,v';L,cfgGb h:tf hLjgdf /dfO{nf If0fx? nfO{ ;]nfO{lbg] ub{5 . hLjg v8]/L
of] ;d'bfon] s'g} lzIff k|fKt u/]sf] 5}g      kl/0ft ePsf 5g\ csf]{ tkm{ /fp6]n]           ;f]Rg h?/L 5 . o;n] xfdLnfO{ j]kmfObf
                                                                                           eGbf kmfO{bf a9L x'g] ub{5 . lsg kmfObf          h:t} x'g'sf ;fy} 7'nf] cfFlwax]/L cfpg ;S5 . ;d:of Tof] dfq x'g ;S5 h'g
h;sf] sf/0fn] of] ;d'bfo ljrNnLdf             a;f]af; ug{sf nflu /fli6«o jgsf] cefj                                                         cfˆgf] sfa' aflx/ x'G5 . k|lts'n kl/l:yltnfO{ plrt Aoj:yfkg ug{ g;Sbf
k/]sf] 5 . nf]kf]Gd'v hfltsf] ;'rLdf of]      x'g' . o:tf sf/0fx?n] ubf{ /fp6]n] cfkm"x?   x'G5 eGbf lglZrt h+undf a;f]af;
/fp6] ;d' b fo xfn ;/f] s f/jfnfsf]           emg} ;d:ofdf k/]sf] atfpFb} cfPsf 5g\        ub}{ cfPdf lglZrt h+un ljgf; x'g]                dflg;sf] hLjg lrGtgdo x'g'sf] ;f6f] lrGtfdo x'g hfG5 . ;d:of ;d:of xf]O{g
;+/If0fsf] cefjdf ljrNnLdf k/]sf 5g\          . o:t} k|sf/sf sfd xFb} uPdf eljiodf
                                                                      '                    ;fd'bflos jg ;+/If0f x'g]df cfz                  ;d:of leq cj;/ n's]sf] x'G5 To;}n] x/]s ;d:ofdf cj;/ b]Vg] aflgsf] ljsf;
. x'g t of] ;d'bfosf] ;+/If0fsf] nflu         /fp6]x?sf] gfnLj]nL s'g} lstfasf] kfgfdf     ug{ ;lsG5 . x'g t /fp6] ;d'bfon]                 ub}{ x/]s ;d:ofdf lrGtf gul/ lrGtg ug{ ;Sof}+ eg] xfd|f] hLjgdf ;kmntf
/fHo uDeL/ eP/ nfUg'kg]{ xf] . t/ klg         ;d]6Lg] ;Defjgf al9/x]sf] 5 .                slt kf] ?v sf6\5 t/ klg s]xL dfqfdf              kfpg ;lsG5 . ;d:of ;d:of xf]O{g of] t Pp6f cj;/ xf] cyjf df}sf xf] / of]
/fp6] ;d'bfosf] nflu xfnsf] ;/sf/                    vf;df xfn /fp6] ;d'bfo ;+s6sf]        o;sf] /f]syfd x'g h?/L 5 .                                         {                         ]
                                                                                                                                            ;d:of ;d:of xf]Og ;d:of leq cj;/ n'ssf] x'G5 To;}n] x/]s
uDeL/ eP/ gnfu]sf] h:tf] cfefif ePsf]         cj:yfdf /x]sf] 5 . of] ;d'bfonfO{                         x'g t vf;df /fp6] ;d'bfon]
5 . hgcfGbf]ngkl5 ;dfa]zLsf] s'/f             ;+ s 6af6 arfpgsf nflu xfdL                  s' sf7 g} sf6\gf] ub{5 t/ klg of] s'/f           ;d:ofdf cj;/ b]Vg] aflgsf] ljsf; ub}{ x/]s ;d:ofdf lrGtf gul/
p7L/x]sf] ;dodf /fp6] ;d'bfosf nflu           ;/f]sf/jfnsf] ;dod} Wofg hfg h?/L                                           ] +
                                                                                           :yfgLo pkef]Qmfn] vf;} /fd|f;u a'em\g            lrGtg ug{ ;Sof}+ eg] xfd|f] hLjgdf ;kmntf kfpg ;lsG5 .
klg ;fdflhs ;'/Iff eQf lbg] Joj:yf            5 . /fHon] eQfsf] Joj:yf u/] klg             ;Sb}gg\ . t/ klg /fp6] ;d'bfosf] csf]{ s'g}      ;do klg xf] . ;'Gbf crDd nfUg ;S5 o:tf] s] n]v]sf] eg]/ eGg'xf]nf < t/ d
ldnfPsf] lyof] . xfn cfP/ eQf klg             eQf Jojl:yt tl/sfn] ljt/0f ug{'k¥of]         ljsNk 5}g . xf]Og eg] o;sf] ljsNk xfdLn]
                                                                                           vf]Hg' h?/L 5 . To;}n] ;+;f/sf ;hLjx?sf]         of] ;lx n]Vb} 5' ;d:of leq cj;/ n's]s} x'G5 . ;d:of leq n's]sf cj;/ nfO{
;dodf ljt/0f gubf{ pgLx?nfO{ ;d:of            . ;fdflhs eQf ljt/0f ug]{ gfddf                                                               lnFbf s]lx pbfx/0fx?nfO{ lng ;lsG5 . g]kfnsf k'a{ k|wfgdlGq tyf Plss[t
k/]sf] 5 .                                    slxNo} klg cw{jflif{s ?kdf ljt/0f            hLjg /Iffsf] nflu xfdLn] ;f]Rg h?/L 5
      k/Dk/fb]lv jg÷h+undf a;f]af;            u/]/ sfd 5}g . eQf /fp6] ;d'bfosf]           o;}df xfd|f] enf] 5 . h;n] xfdLnfO{ ko{6g        g]kfn sDDo'lgi6 kf6L{ -dfcf]afbL _ sf cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn -k|r08_ s'g} a]nfdf
ub}{ h+und} sf7sf ;fdu|L lgdf{0f u/L          d'lvofnfO{ lbP/ x'b}g . k|ltJolQm hlt        ljsf;sf] ljsf;df klg ;xof]u k'¥ofpg              zfxL ;]gfdf elt{ x'g vf]Hbf c;kmn ePsf k|r08 Ps xb ;Dd @$) aif{s]f
cfkm' / cfˆgf] ;Gtfgx?sf] e/0fkf]if0f         lbg'kg]{ xf] Tof] /sd JolQm :jodnfO{         ;S5 . lsgsL /fp6] hftL cfkm}df nf]kf]Gd'v        g]kfnL O{ltxf;df ;Ifd /fhg]tf eP jf egf} xhf/f}+ …hgd'lQmÚ ;]gf rnfP/ a:g
ub}{ cfPsf] /fp6] ;d'bfo xfn h+undf           ljt/0f ug{'k¥of] . cGoyf /fp6] ;d'bfosf      hflt xf] / csf]{ s'/f o;n] lgdf{0f ug]{          ;kmn eP . of] Pp6f /fd|f] pbfx/0f xf] dfgf} k|r08 To;a]nf zflx ;]gfdf elt{
?v sf7\g gkfpFbf ;d:ofdf k/]sf 5g\            lgd'vf /fp6] JolQmx? ;w}el/ 7uLg] sfd        sf7sf ;fdu|L ljZjdf gd'gf of]Uo 5g\ .            gPs} sf/0f ;d:ofdo hLjg 7fGb} cfkm'nfO{ lg:s[o agfPsf] eP jf ;]gfdf elt{
                                                                                                                                            ePsf] eP b]zsf] k|wfg dlGq aGg], xhf/f}+ ;]gf rnfP/ a:g] / /fhg]tf aGg]
p 8S6/ ======                                             ;ft snf;df ldNg] ;fyL            t/ cfh d l56f] uPsf]n] dfq @ ah]sf]              cj;/ ldNb}gYof] xf]nf . of] pbfx/0f af6 eGg ;lxG5 ls ;fgf] s'/fdf c;kmntf
a8f] v';L ;fy O·ln;sf] ldgL· 3f]Sb}           emSsn] dfq lyof] p cf7 Snf;df uO;s]          lyof]] . af6f]df cfFpbf ufFpn]x?n] s'/f          x'g' 7"nf] ;kmntfsf] /fhdfu{ tof/ u'g{' xf] .
psfnf] rl9/x]sf] lyof] . d eg] cfkm'          kl5 d PSn} ePh:tf] nfUof] . ;w} em}F         sf6]sf] ;'g]F, sfdL, bdfO, ufOg]x?n] sFxf                     csf]{ pbfx/0f xf] km/s 9+usf ;Ifd AolQm emds s'df/L . pgsf xft /
km]n x'g'sf] sf/0f cfÇgf] ul/j kl/jf/nfO{     klxnf] 306L nfuL;s]kl5 /]jGt/fh ;/           k9\g ;S5g logLx? dfly uP eg] t                      +                                        +
                                                                                                                                            cf}nfx? 5}gg\ t/ pgn] cfˆgf] xft / cf}nfx? gePs} sf/0f cfkm"nfO{ ;d:ofk"0f{ gb]lv,
lwsfb{} cfF;' aflx/ gemf/]klg leq leq         Snf;df cfP / ;'?d} dnfO{ p7\g k7fP           xfd|f 5f]/f5f]/Lx?sf] kfnf] g} cfFpb}g .                                                                                    ]
                                                                                                                                            cfkm"nfO{ slxNo} sdhf]/ g7fgL, ;kfËx?n] eGbf 7'nf] sfd ug]{ cj;/ b]v/ pgn] cfˆg]f
x[bo hnfpFb} psfnf] nfuL /x]sf] lyFP .        . dnfO yfxf lyPg pgn] dnfO lsg               ufFp3/ / :s'ndf ePsf] ckdfgnfO{                  O{R5f zlQm nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbb} cfTd lj:jf; lnP/ y'k}| /fli6«o k|lqsfx?df n]vx? 5kfpg
3/ k'lu;s]kl5 cfdfn] ;f]Wg' eof] lsg          p7fP . pgn] eg] s] 5 ufossf/ lut             ;Dem]/ dnfO{ Psl5g klg of] ufFpdf                                                                                         ]
                                                                                                                                            yflng . To;}sf] kl/0ffd :j?k pgn] …hLjg km'n ls sfF8fÚ pkGof; n]v/ dbg k'/:sf/
lsg o:tf] cg'xf/ xF < s;};Fu emu8f            t a9f] ld7f] ufFp5; t/ lsg km]n <            a:g] dg lyPg . /ftL cf]5\ofgdf klg
ul/;sL Sof xf] < Psl5g t d s]xL               olts}df Snf;df Pshgfn] jf]Nof], c/]          dnfO{ /fd|f];Fu lgGb|f nfu]g . ;f]FRbf ;f]FRb}   lhTg ;kmn eO{g . of] pbfx/0f af6 eGg ;lsG5 ls xfd|f] hLjg nfO{ ;d:of do sfF8f
klg af]lng cGtt af]Ng} k¥of] d}n] ?Gr]        p ufOg] bfO aGg ;S5 k9fOdf km]n              d t O08Lof hfg] lgisif{df k'uF] s:tf]                                                      +
                                                                                                                                            b]Vg] ls km'ndo cj;/ b]Vg] Tof] xfd|f] ;f]r / lrGtgdf e/ kg]{ s'/f xf] .
:j/df eg]F cfdf==== d==== . s] xf]=== of]     eP klg uLtdf t kf; 5 gL . c? ;j}             crDd . xfd|f] ufFpdf d]/f] pd]/sf y'k|}                       hulbz l3ld/] nfO{ csf]{ pbfx/0fsf] ?kdf lng ;lsG5 . h;nfO{ An8
s]6f cfh lsg o;f] ul//x]5 s] ef] ====         xfF;], d eg] Ps zAb gjf]nL :tAw eP/          s]6fx? Ol08of hfg] cfpg] uy{], ufFpsf]           SofG;/ nfu]s} sf/0f pgn] …cGt/dgsf] ofqfÚ n]Vg ;kmn eP . h'g k':tsn] klg
eg g l56f] . cfdf d km]n =====d km]n          pleF/x]F . Snf;df ;j} hgf ^ Snf;jf6          s'nd]nf dfGg cfPsf] ?lj/fd klg ef]nL             dbg k'/:sf/ lhTg ;kmn eof] . lo pbfx/0f af6 xfldn] lhjg nfO{ ;kmn
ePF . xt]/L xfdL n] lbg/ft ;fx'sf] ef/L       cfPsf glrg]sf gFof ljBfyL{x? lyP .           dfq} Ol08of hfg] vj/ ;'g]sf] lyFP .              agfpg] ;f]+r ;sf/fTds agfP/ ;d:of nfO{ cj;/sf] ?kdf abNg] afgLsf]
af]s]/ sdfPsf] k};fn] tFnfO k9fPsf] xf]       ;flyx? klg gFof 5g\ cf] rª\v] Pp6f           ljxfg ePkl5 d ?lj/fdsf] 3/ tkm{                  ljsf; ug{ ;Sof}+ eg] xfld k|r08, emds s'df/L, hulbz l3ld/] nufot h:t}
;j} vf]nfdf xfln; x} . lwSsf/ 5 o:tf]         lut ;'gfOb] g ;j}nfO . /]jGt/fh n]           nfu] ToxfF k'u] kl5 cfkm' klg Ol08of             pbfx0fLo / ;kmn JolQmTj aGg ;S5f}+ . b'a} xft gx'g]n] v'6\6fn] ;a} sfd u/]sf],
lagfa'4Lsf] nDkm'nfO} hGdfpg'======. cfdf     dnfO{ luHofpFb} eg]sf lyP . dnfO{            hfg rfx]sf] / ef8f xfn]/ n}hfg cg'/f]w           df]6/ rnfPsf], cf]nlDksdf efu lnPsf], ;u/dfyf cf/f]x/0f u/]sf], cfFvf gx'g]
s/fO/x]s} j]nf a'jf cfpg'eof] pFxf cfpg]      lbdfudf cfuf] aln/x]sf] lyof] t/ d           u/]F . p;n] % ldg]6df emf]nf lnP/ cfpg           AolQmn] ;+;f/ nfO{ cfFvf b]vfpg k|oTg u/]sf], o:tf y'k|} pbfx/0fnfO{ xfd|f]
lalQs} cfdfn] hfgsf/L u/fO{ xfNg' eof]        s]xL klg ug{;Sg] cj:yfdf lyPg . o;n]         eGof] . d}n] emf]nf / sk8fx? uf]7df
x]g{'; g rª\v] t km]n eP5 ;a} d]xgt           hj;Dd lut ufFp5' eGb}g tj ;Dd                n'sfPsf] lyPF To;}n] t'?Gt d ?lj/fd              lhjgdf b]v]sf / ;'g]sf 5f}+ . t/ b'vb kIf of] b]lvG5 sL xfdL o:tf pbfx/0f xfd|f]
b'v vf]nflt/ xfn]5 . s;/L gxf]; km]n          o:nfO{ oxL pEofO /fVg' k5{ . a? ltdLx?       sFxf uPF, p;Fu Ol08of hfg] a]nfdf                lhjgdf lng ;s]gf}+ a? s]lx l5g k'm;{b x'g] ljlQs} c?sf] s'/f sf6\g] / ;d:ofx?sf]
k9\g] ;do g} 5}g p ;Fu hltv]/ klg             cfh aNn ;ft Snf;df gofF 5f} To;}n]           a;df t d r9] s f] lyF P . xfdL                                     F
                                                                                                                                            kf]sf] vf]Ng] / u'gf;fx? ;'gfpg] u/]sf] kfO{G5 . xfd|f] hLjgdf ;fgf–;fgf ;d:ofx?n]
sfddf=== .                                    gFof kf7\oqmdx? o;f] x]b{} u/ eg]/           s[i0fgu/jf6 /]ndf r9ofFF} . otf ufFp3/,          klg xfdLnfO{ 7"nf] lk8f lbO{/]sf] x'G5 . h;sf] kl/0ffd cfTdxTof, kfl/jfl/s snx,
             csf{] lbg dg g/dfOnf] kfb{}{     /]jGt/fh jflx/ lg:s] . Snf;sf] dfly          :s'n, cfdf, afpsf] ;Demgf cfO/xFbf               a}dg:otf, cfkl; c;demfbf/L, s'ntdf km:g' h:tf s'f/fx? a9\b} uPsf 5g\ .
ePklg :s'n hfg] t/v/ u/]F . emSsn]n]          tkm{ a;]sf s]l6x? cfFvf lt/Lld/L kfb{}       dg /f]O/x]sf] lyof] csf{] tkm{ klxnf] k6s                     xfdLn] ;d:ofnfO{ cj;/sf] ?kdf x]g{ hfGg] xf] eg] x/]s Aojxf/df
af]nfof] rª\v] l56f] cfOh l9nf] eO;Sof]       ;':t cfjfhdf ufOb] ==ufOb] g lut Pp6f        /]ndf r9\bf /dfOnf] cg'e'lt eO/x]sf]                             +
                                                                                                                                            ;sf/fTds ;f]r cfpg ;S5 . cfkm'df hf]; hfu/ a9]sf] dx;'; x'G5, O{R5f zlQm
                                                                                                                                                                                          F            ]
. km]n eO;s]kl5 emSsn];Fu :t/ klg             egL /x]sf lyP . o:t} ubf{ ub{} cfhsf]        lyof] . d]/f] afNosfnsf] oL ;Demgfx?                                                  \
                                                                                                                                            a9\5, gsf/fTds zAbn] 7fpF 5f]8g ;S5, cfkm"n] s]lx ug{ ;Sb}g eGg] 7fpFdf d
ldNb}g sL eg]/;Fu} lx8\g klg cfTdUnfgL        Snf; ;lsof] . d]/f] dg ;fx|} lju|]sf]n] /    d]/f] lbdfudf tfh} 5g . cfh d ef/tsf]            s]lx ug{ ;S5' eGg] cfF6 cfpF5, lunf;df cfwf vfln kflg 5 eGg] ;f]rfO{df         +
eP/ cfof] . # 306fsf] nfdf] af6f]sf]          6fpsf] klg b'v]sfn] d cfh c? 306Lx?          n'lwofgfdf 5' . oxfF rf}sL bf/L u5{' @*                                                               +
                                                                                                                                            kl/jt{g cfP/ lunf;df cfwf e/L kflg 5 eGg] ;f]rsf] ljsf; x'G5 . clxNo g} dg{
k}bn ofqf kl5 xfdL laBfno k'Uof}F .           klg gk9\ g ] d' 8 df lyF P . kvf{ n sf]      aif{ eof] d oxfF cfPsf] dnfO{ hfGg dg
emSsn] cf7 Snf;df uof] d klg p;Fu}            k5f8Laf6 pSn]/ d af6f]df uPF / 3/            nfu]sf] 5 ;fFRr} xfd|f] ufFpdf hflto             kfP x'GYof] eGg] dflg;x?df ;w} afRg] /x/ knfpF5 . t;y{ xfdL x/]s ;d:ofdf
a:g] afgL nfu]sfn] d klg leq;Fu} uPF          lt/ nfu]F .                                  e]befj p:t} xf]nfls, :s'n p:t} xf]nfsL           cj;/ nfO{ s]Nofpg] sf]l;; u/f}+ / ;d:ofsf] ;lx ;dfwfg vf]Hg cfj:os 5 .
. ;j} ;fyLx? xfF;] / eg] P rªv] klg                       cfh d] / f] :s' n df ePsf]       < ;'g]sf] 5' sfFOnf d'lvofsf 5f]/f d]/f]         kl/Iffdf km]n x'g' eof] csf]{ aif{ *) k|ltzt lnP/ kf; ug]{ ca;/ 5, hflu/ 5f]8g'   \
kf; xf==xf==xf===. d]/f] d'6' emg rls{of] /   ckdfgsf] sf/0f d]/f] dg ;fx|} cldnf]         ;ft Snf;sf] ;fyL emSsn] t k9]/ 8fS6/             eof] ÷;lsof] < csf]{ hflu/ kfpg] ca;/ 5, bflxg] xft efFlrof] b]a]| xftn] n]Vg]
d t'?Gt aflx/ lg:s]F .                        ePsf] lyof] . 3/ k'Ubf % aHg] uYof{] ;w}     ag]sf] 5 /] d rfFxL nfx'/] .                                                                                                  ]
                                                                                                                                            cj;/ 5, b'a} xft efFlrof] v'6f\ n] n]Vg] cj;/ 5, cfFvf u'dfpg' eof] a|n lnlkdf
                                                                                                                                            k9\g] cj;/ 5, kl/jf/df czflGt ePsf] b]Vg' eof] < kl/jf/nfO{ zflGt / v';L
                                    [
                               juL{st lj1fkg                                                                                                agfpg] cj;/ 5, ;]gfdf kmflng' eof] < cem 7'nf] bhf{df n8\g] cj;/ 5, wgsf]
                                                                                                                                            ;d:of b]Vg' eof] < kl/>d u/]/ sdfpg] ca;/ 5 . o;/L xfdL hxfF klg x]g{ /
                                                                                                                                            a'em\g ;S5f} ls of] s'/f oyfy{ xf] hxfF r'gf}tL 5, ToxfF 7'nf] cj;/ 5 .
                                                                                                                                                         O{gf/ l/lQo kl5 dfq km]/L el/g] df}sf cfpF5 / el/G5 klg . aRrf
               '
      ;Dks{ ug{xf];\                               lj1fkgsf nflu                                  tfhf df;'                                 /f]o/ dfq b'w vfgf kfpF5, k]6 l/lQo kl5 dfq vfg] hfuF/ rN5 . lo ;a} xfdLn]
                                                                                                                                            a'em\g g;s]sf] / To;nfO{ Aoj:yfkg ug{ g;s]sf] dfq xf] . x/]s If0fdf cfO{ kg]{
 u'0f:tl/o cl8of], leHjn 8s'd]lG6«            /fli6« o , If] l qo, :yfgLo ;~rf/            :jR5 tyf tfhf j|f]O{n/ s'v'/fsf]                 ;d:of nfO{ cj;/sf] ?kdf abNg] aflgsf] ljsf; ug'{ cToGt cfj:os 5 . olb
 lgdf{0fsf nflu xfdLnfO{ ;Dks{                dfWodx?df lj1fkg k|sfzg tyf k|;f/                                                             xfd|f] hLjgnfO{ ;kmntfsf] /fhdfu{ tkm{ u'8fpg] xf] eg] xfdL h:tf o'jfx?n] hj
                                              0f ug'{ k/]df . cl8of] lel8of] 8s'd]lG6«     df;'sf nflu kmf]g 8fon ug'{xf];\ .
 ug{'xf];\ .                                                                                                                                ;d:of nfO{ df}sf / cj;/sf] ?kdf b]Vg yfN5f}+ ToxfF c;kmntfn] ;d]t 7'nf]
                                              agfpg k/]df .                                 -xf]d 8]lne/Lsf] ;d]t Joj:yf 5 ._               zlQm k|bfg ub{5 . To;}n] cj;/ xfd|f] hLjgsf] hLjg a'6L xf] . k|lts'n kl/l:ylt
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  (*$&*@)#!(, (*$&*&&&#)                        Ph. : 9847839009, 9847877730                            (*$&*#(*#(                                                                          acharyalai.sandesh@yahoo.com
  Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                                 @)^* ;fn d+l;/ @* ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                          &
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                                                 lrGtgsf] rf}tf/L                                                                             lgikIftfdf w]/}k6s ljjfbx? pTkGg eP          ;Demf}tfx?sf] sfof{Gjogdf hjfkmb]lxtf
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Pdfn]df k'ghf{u/0f                                                                                                  k|sfz Hjfnf
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                                                                                                                                              ;d:ofn] ubf{ xfd|f] zflGt k|lqmof cufl8
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ljZjsf cGo d' n ' s x?sf]
                                                                                                                                                                                           ;kmn zflGt k|lqmofsf] d"n cfwf/ g}
                                                                                                                                                                                           ;Demf}tfx?sf] b[9tfk"j{s sfof{Gjogsf]
            dbg e08f/Lsf] cu' j fOdf            l;h{gf / ;d[4 g]kfn xfd|f cfhsf d'4f          d'4fx?sf] em08f af]s]/ hgtfsf] aLrdf            a9\g ;s]sf] 5}g . ljz]if u/L a'em\g'kg]{     cflwsf/Ls k| l qmof lgSof} { n ug] { /
hgtfsf] ax'bnLo hgjfb dfkm{t sDo'li6            x'g\ . qmflGtsf] cu'jfO / ;}4flGts            hfg' h?/L 5 . o;nfO{ dx;'; ub{} Pdfn]           s'/f s] xf] eg] 4G4df /x]sf kIfx?aLr         To;k|lt hjfkmb]lxtf ls6fg u/L To;sf]
cfGbf] n g nf] s tflGqs/0fsf] af6f] d f         dfu{ b z{ g u5{ , hgtfsf] ax' b nLo           s]lGb|o sld6Ln] kf6L{sf] s]Gb| b]lv :yfgLo      zflGt eg] s f] xltof/sf] Tofu xf] .          k|efjsf/L cg'udg ug]{ k|rng x'G5 .
cfPkl5 Pdfn] nf] s tflgqs ljsNk                 hgjfbn] . /fhgLlts qmflGt ;DkGg               tx;Ddsf] ;Dk"0f{ zlQm kl/rfng ug{]u/L           g]kfnaf6 /fhtGqsf] cGTo eO{ ljb|f]xL         ;fy}, zflGt k|lqmofsf] yfngL;Fu} ljutsf
ePsf]df ca ;fob e|d 5}g . )^@÷^#                ePkl5 klg hahsf] ;fGble{stfdf c;/             …;+u7g ;'b[l9s/0f tyf hgkl/rfng                 kIfn] /fHo ;+ o Gqdf 7" n f] lx:;f           4G4sf] 3fpdf dndk§L nufpg
sf] cfGbf]ng / zflGt k|lqmofdf o;n]             kb{}g, o;nfO{ k"0f{tf lbFb} ;dfhjfbL          cleofgÚsf] sfo{qmd kfl/t u/]sf] 5 .             kfO;s]kl5 p;n] lx+;fnfO{ kl/jt{gsf]          lk8Ltx?sf] ;d:ofsf] ;Daf] w g ug{
v]n]sf] e'ldsf sd cfFSg] vfnsf] 5}g .           qmflGtsf] nflu hahn] dfu{ bz{g ug{]5          cfGtl/s Pstf                                    ;+oGqsf] ?kdf l6sfO{ /fVg] dgf]lj1fg         ljleGg ;+ o Gqx? lgdf{ 0 f ul/G5 .
oBlk ;+ljwfg ;efdf t]>f] bndf ;Lldt             . hah eg]sf] sDo'lgi6 cfGbf]ngsf]                            ;/sf/df /xFbf emu8f ug{]         xfd|f] b]zsf] zflGt k|lqmofsf] k|d'v afws    ;+qmd0fnfO{ c/fhstfaf6 d'Qm /fVg ljlwsf]
ePsf] Pdfn] n fO{ dWodfu{ d f lxF 8 \ b f       nf]stflGqs/0f / qmflGtsf/L s/0f b'j}          / k|ltkIfdf /xFbf …o'4lj/fdÚ b]lvg]             xf] . dfcf]jfbLn] cfkm" lgz:q aGg'k5{
cfkm\gf] w/ftn 5f]8\g], cfkm\gf Ph]08f          wf/fsf] dfu{ bz{ g xf] , dfS| ; jfbsf]        k|a[lQ Pdfn]df ljBdfg 5 . Pdfn]                                                                                    {
                                                                                                                                                                                           zf;gnfO{ b[9tfk"js cjnDjg ul/G5 .
                                                l;h{gfTds k|of]u xf], nf]stflGqs ljlw         ;du| jfd–nf] s tflGqs zlQmnfO{                  eGg] 1fg p;sf sfo{stf{nfO{ lbg g;Sbf         4G4sf] ;dodf pkof]u ePsf ;z:q
:yflkt ug{ g;Sg], slxn] sf+u|]; lt/ t
slxn] dfcf] j fbL lt/ 9Nsg] bf] w f/            dfkm{t ;dfhsf] k|ultzLn ?kfGt/0fsf]           ;d]6]/ /fli6«o ;xdltsf ;fy /fli6«o              p;sf ;]gfsf] ;dfof]hgdf ljleGg               ;+oGqx?sf] plrt Joj:yfkg, h;df /fli6«o
k|a[lQsf] …n]anÚ nfUb} cfPsf] 5 . g]kfnL        l;4fGt xf] . hgcfGnf]ngk|ltsf] 7f];           sfo{ e f/ k" / f ug{ ' kg{ ] 5 . lgwf{ l /t     c8\rg ePsf] xf] . Tolt dfq} xf]Og,           ;'/Iff k|0ffnLdf ;'wf/, ;]gfsf] ;+Vofsf] plrt
/fhgLltsf] s]lGb|o e'ldsfdf /xFbf g]kfnL        JofVof, ;dfhsf] cy{ /fhgLlts                  ;dofjlwleq zflGt k|lqmof lgisif{df              bnLo ;dembf/Lsf] k|lqmofut sfof{Gjogdf                         ]
                                                                                                                                                                                           lgwf{/0f clg ljb|fxL kIfsf] lgz:qLs/0fh:tf
/fhgLltsf] ;Gt' n gsf/L zlQmxf] .               ljZn] i f0f, ju{ x ?sf] l:ylt, hahsf]         k'¥ofP/ / cu|ufdL ;+ljwfg hf/L ug{              Wofg lbg'sf] ;§f ;do laTb} hfFbf bnLo        d' 4 fx?sf] k| l qmofut ;Daf] w gnfO{
o;sf/0f klg o;df a}rfl/s ;':ki6tf               ;fGble{stf / g]kfnL qmflGtsf] cfufdL          Pdfn] ;Dk"0f{ zlQmsf ;fy nfUg' kg{]5            ;dembf/L ;Qfdf hfg] ;+oGqsf] ?kdf            cu| : yfgsf /flvPsf] x' G 5 . t/,
/ cfGtl/s Pstf cfjZos 5 .                       lbzfaf/] Pdfn]df ax;sf] h?/t 5 .              . To;sf nflu kf6L{sf] cfGtl/s Pstf              b]vfkg{ yfNof] . olt;Dd ls ;/sf/df           xfdLsxfF Totfkl§ ;dodf Wofg lbOPg
j} r fl/s :ki6tf                                ;' b [ 9 Ls/0f cleofg                         dha't x'g cfjZos x'G5 .                         cfkm" k'Ug uf]Ko ;Demf}tfx? ;d]t             . zflGt k| l qmof k' / f x' G h] n ;Ddsf]
            /fli6« o /fhgLltdf h:t}                           Pdfn]n] cfkm"nfO{ ;w}+ >dhLlj                  Pdfn] ;fd' olta]nf Psflt/                                      [
                                                                                                                                              x'gyfNof] . cfkm\g} bnsf] g]tTj jf cfkm}n]   ;/sf/ ;Lldt sfo{b]z;lxtsf] cGtl/d
Pdfn] d f klg ljrf/wf/fTds sfd                  dhb'/ ls;fg hgtfsf] kf6L{sf] ?kdf             r' g f} t Lx? v8f 5g\ eg] csf{ ] l t/           ;dy{g u/]/ agfPsf] ;/sf/nfO{ ;d]t            ;/sf/sf] ?kdf sfd u5{ .
l5kl5k] ePsf] 5 . hals /fhgLltsf]               pEofpFb} cfPsf]n] hgtf;Fusf] ;DaGw ;w}+       ;Defjgfsf 9f]sf klg v'nf 5g\ . /fli6«o                      {
                                                                                                                                              if8\oGqk"js lj:yflkt ug]{ ;d]t ul/P,                      h]hlt Jojwfg eP tfklg $
d"n s8L ljrf/ xf] . ljrf/sf] d'xfg}             3lgi6 /lx/xg'k5{ . o; aLrdf Pdfn]             /fhgLltsf] s]lGb|o e'ldsfdf :yflkt ug{          h;n] ubf{ bnx?jLrsf] cljZjf;df 7"nf]         jif{ lalt;s] k l5 ;' ? ªsf] kfl/kl§
kmf]xf]/ ePdf /fhgLlt klg layf]lnG5 .                          '
                                                Hofbf s]Gb|dvL ePsf] 5, ufpF–a:tL tyf         / lg0ff{os /fhgLlts zlQmdf ?kfGtl/t             ;d:of pTkGg eof] / To;}n] zflGt k|lqmof
                                                                                              ug{' Pdfn]sf] k|d'v r'gf}tL xf] . Pdfn]                                                      bLkHof]lt b]lvg yfn]sf] 5 . bnx?aLr
Pdfn]n] klg st} cfkm\gf ljrf/ / gLltdf          hgtfsf] 3/b}nf]df uP/ hgkl/rfng ug{]                                                          cj/f]w pTkGg ePsf] 5 .
lvof nfu]sf] 5 ls, To;df ;fFb nfP/              sfddf sdL cfPsf] 5 . kf6L{df tLg …;Ú          jl/kl/ uf]naGb ljzfn hgzlQm 5,                                                               ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fnfO{ cuf8L a9fpg zflGt
ltvfg{'kg{] 5 ls < ;dLIff ug{'k5{ .             cyf{t\ ;x/d'vL, ;Qfd'vL / ;'ljwfd'vL          hgtfsf] 7"nf] k+lQmn] Pdfn]nfO{ e/f];f          lgisif{                                      k|lqmof k'/f x'g'kg]{ ljifodf dt}So ePsf]
dxflwj]zg dfkm{t ;f/]sf ljrf/x? unt             k|jl[ Q a9\b5 . kf6L{df hgtfaf6 6fFl9Psf
                                                            }                                 ;fy x]/]sf] 5 . To; sf/0f kf6L{ g]t[Tjn]                      ;f/f+zdf eGg] xf] eg] ul/Psf   ;+s]t cfpg yfn]sf] 5 . ;Qfdf]xaf6
5}gg\, t/ sltko ;jfndf cem} :ki6tf              sfo{stf{ sfo{stf{af6 6fl9Psf g]tfsf] ;+Vof    kf6L{sf] cfGtl/s ;d:of ;dfwfg u/]/              ;xdlt / ;Demf}tfk|lt OdfGbf/ gaGg'           nf]stflGqs bnx? cln k/ x6]sf] xf] sL
Nofpg'kg{], ltgnfO{ wfl/nf] agfpg'kg{]          a9\bf] 5 . o;af6 kf6L{sf] hu sdhf]/           hfg ;Sbf Pdfn]df gofF pT;fx cfpg                g} xfd|f] zflGt k|lqmofsf] d"n cj/f]w xf]    eGg] ;+s]t b]vfk/]sf] 5 . oL z'e;+s]tsf
cfjZostf kf6L{leq} dx;'; x'g yfn]sf]            eO{ hgfwf/ v:sg] vt/f /xG5 . kf6L{            ;S5 . To;sf nflu kf6L{ l eqsf                   . lj:t[t zflGt ;Demf}tf ug'{cufj} ePsf]      ;fy} k'gM yk hl6ntfx? klg ylkFb} 5g\
5 . 5nkmnaf6 lgS| o f] n df k' U g] /           o;df ;r] t x' F b } zflGt / ;+ l jwfg         u'6aGbLhGo ultljlwsf] cGTo ug{,] s]lGb|o        ;ft bn / dfcf]jfbLsf zLif{ g]tfx?sf]         . d'Vo ?kdf dfcf]jfbL leq b]vfk/]sf]
ljrf/df Ps?ktf Nofpg' plrt xf] .                lgdf{0fdf bafasf] nflu hgva/bf/L /            sldl6sf] sfo{ljefhg a}1flgs agfpg],             )^# sflQs @@ ut]sf] a}7sn] …;a}              ljefhgn] zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ ;+j]bgzLn
            @)^@÷^# sf] cfGbf] n gn]            hgkl/rfng cfjZos 5 .                          ;a} g]tf–sfo{stf{sf] plrt ;Ddfg,                ;xdlt / ;Demf} t fx?sf] sfof{ G jog          df]8df k'¥ofPsf] 5 . dfcf]jfbL leqsf]
;fdGtjfbsf] k| l tlglw /fhtGq,                                kl5Nnf] cjlwdf Pdfn] s f]       Joj:yfkg / lhDd]jf/L lbg], ;fd"lxs              eP÷gePsf] cg'udg gu{ ;xdltn] Ps              ljefhgsf] plrt Joj:yfkg x'g ;s]g
;fdGtjfbsf] lsNnf 9n]/ nf]stflGqs               ;+u7gfTds cj:yf vl:sPsf] / ultljlw            g] t [ T j, ;+ : yfut lg0f{ o / JolQmut         pRr:t/Lo ;+o'Qm cg'udg ;ldlt u7g             eg] o;n] zflGt k|lqmofnfO{ cem k/
u0ftGq :yfkgf eof] . t/ Pp6f                    lgl:qmo ePsf] oyfy{nfO{ :jLsfg{'k5{ .         lhDd] j f/Lsf] cfwf/df rNg] , kf6L{ d f         ug]{-a'Fbf%=!_Ú pNn]v ul/P tfklg To:tf]      ws]Ng]5 . – gjo"uaf6
/fhgLlts qmflGt k"/f eP klg To;nfO{             s]Gb|b]lv :yfgLo tx;Dd kf6L{ lgdf{0f /        ljlwljwfgsf] kfngf / lg0f{ o sf]
;+:yfut ug{ afFsL 5 . olta]nfsf]
qmflGtsf] sfo{ef/ ;fdGtjfbsf cjz]ifsf]
                                                hgtfsf d'4fx? ;Daf]wg u/]/ cfGbf]ng
                                                p7fpg] sfddf lzlyntf cfPsf] 5 .
                                                                                              sfof{Gjogdf Odfgbf/ aGb} kf6L{nfO{
                                                                                              Pstfa4 agfpg ;lsG5 .
                                                                                                                                                 o; ;fKtflxsdf k|sflzt s'g} klg ;fdfu|L jf
cGTo ug{,] k|ltufdL k'g?TyfgjfbL zlQmsf         o; ljk/Lt dflyb] l v tn;Dd                                   kl5Nnf] ;dodf Pdfn] s f            ;d;fdlos ljifo k|lt tkfO{sf s'g} l6Kk0fL 5g\
x/st lgd{ ' n ug{ ] , cfGbf] n gsf/L,           cGt/lj/f]wx? lj;tf/ ug{] nufotsf              g]tfn] of] s'/f /fd|};Fu dxz'; u/]sf]
zlQmnfO{ uf] n aGb ug{ ] / qmflGtsf             ;d:ofaf6 kf6L{ u|:t 5 . oL ;d:ofaf6           b]lvG5 . pgLx? alnof] / Pstfa4 kf6L{df           eg] xfdLnfO{ n]lv k7fpg'xf];\ . ;fy} o; c+s b]lv
pknlAw /Iff ub{} cfly{s qmflGtsf] lbzfdf
cl3 a9\ g ] xf] . To;} n ] cltjfb /
                                                d'Qm ub{} kf6L{nfO{ /fhgLlts sfddf
                                                s]lGb|t ug{'kg{], kf6L{ / hg;+u7gsf
                                                                                              g} ;a}sf] eljio b]Vg yfn]sf 5g\ . cWoIf
                                                                                              vgfn / s]xL s]lGb|o g]tfx?sf] k|oTgdf
                                                                                                                                                kf7s rf}rf/L :tDe z'? ePsf]n] ;d;fdlos
cj;/jfb lj?4 /fhgLlts k|xf/ s]lGb|t             ;d:ofx? ;dfwfg ug{'kg{], u'6aGbLaf6
                                                d'Qm ub{} kf6L{nfO{ ljrf/wf/fTds /
                                                                                              Pstf cleofg rln/x]sf] 5 . kf6L{df
                                                                                              Pstf x'g] s'/fnfO{ s;}n] cGoyf ?kdf
                                                                                                                                                ljifodf pTs[i7 n]v k7fO{ lbg' x'g cg'/f]w 5 .
ug{' kl/jt{gnfO{ alnof] agfpg] pkfo
x' g ;S5 . cfly{ s –;fdflhs
?kfGt/0fdfkm{t ;dfhsf] cfd"n kl/jt{g
                                                ;+u7gfTds ?kdf Pstfa4 agfpg' k|dv
                                                bfloTj xf] .
                                                                                         '    lng'kg{] 5}g . o;af6 s;}nfO{ …sg{/Údf
                                                                                              kfg{] jf s;}sf lj?4sf] w|'jLs/0fsf] ?kdf         s]an 6]lnlehg ;~rfnsx?nfO{ cToGt h?/L ;"rgf
                                                                                                                                                  '
tkm{ cl3 a9\g' xfd|f] casf] nIo x'g]5 .                       Ph]G8flagfsf] /fhgLlts kf6L{    lng h?/L 5}g . of] s'g} lglZrt JolQm
bnfn kF'hLjfbsf] cflwkTonfO{ cGTo ug{           rNg ;Sb}g . cfhsf Ph]G8fx? dw];L,             ldNg] jf u'6x?nfO{ ldnfpg] s'/f xf]Og,                                                       '
                                                                                                                                                        Ko"7fg lhNnfdf k|zf/0f e} /x]sf s]jn 6]lnlehg ;~rfnsx?n]
/ b]zdf /fli6«o k'FhLsf] ljsf; u/L              hghflt, blntsf gfdaf6 cfpg yfn]sf             of] ;du| kf6L{df Pstf Nofpg] hdsf{]                                           '
                                                                                                                                               P]gsf] Dofb leq cfkm\gf] s]jn gljs/0f u/fpg' x'g / sxL+ s;}n]
cfTdflge{/ /fli6«o cy{tGqsf] ljsf; ug{'         5g\ . bnx? hgtfaf6 6fl9Fb} hfg] s'/f          xf] . o;n] Pdfn] / hgtfdf 7" n f]                                                        '
                                                                                                                                               gljs/0f gu/fO{ jf Ohfht glnO{ s]jn k|zf/0f u/]sf] ePdf t'?Gt
xfd|f] cfjZostf xf] . To;sf nflu                /fi6« s f nflu bL3{ s fnLg lx;fan]            pT;fxsf] nx/ Nofpg]5 .                                                                                       F
                                                                                                                                               k|zf/0f aGb ug{' x'g cg'/f]w 5 . o;sfof{noaf6 cg'udg x'bf u}/
j}1flgs e'ld;'wf/, e'pkof]u, s[lif qmflGt,      hf]lvdk"0f{ x'G5 . To;sf/0f /fli6«otf,                       -n] v s Pdfn] kf] l n6Jo' / f]    sfg'gL ?kdf k|zf/0f ul/Psf] kfOPdf /fli6«o k|zf/0f P]g, @)$( tyf
cf}Bf]lus qmflGt, pTkfbgdf a[l4 /f]huf/L        /fli6«o Pstf, hftLo ;b\efj h:tf               ;b:o x'g'x'G5 ._                                 /fli6«o k|zf/0f lgodfjnL @)%@ cg';f/ sfo{jfxL cuf8L a9fO{g]
l8cfO{ h L ======                               cj/f]w u/]sf]df dfgj clwsf/ ;+/If0f           x'g g;s]sf] sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 .                Joxf]/f o;} ;'rgf4f/f hfgsf/L u/fOG5 .
s]=;Ln] cfkm\gf] kf6L{sf]tkm{af6 k|x/Ln] ug{]   tyf sfg'gL ;]jf s]Gb| x/Kn]; Ko"7fgsf]        @)%(÷^) df d]sflgns OlGho/ af]nfPklg
sfo{df s'g} x:tIfk gx'g] k|ltj4tf               Wofgsif{0f ePsf] lhNnf ;+of]hs s]zj           gcfPkl5 lnnfd k|lqmof x'g g;s]sf]                                  lhNnf x'nfs sfof{no, Ko"7fg
hgfpg' ePsf] lyof] . k|x/Ln] b'/ b/fhsf         e'iffnn] atfpg'ePsf] 5 . aGb ug{' dfgj        sfof{nosf :6f]/ lsk/ ;'o{ axfb'/ kGtn]
gful/snfO{ klg ;]jf k|bfg ug{' kg{] eGb}        clwsf/ ljkl/t ePsf] eGb} pxfFn] aGb
                                                ug{] s'g} sfg'g / ;+ljwfgdf pNn]v
                                                                                              atfpg'eof] . af c em @!)* gDj/ Kn]6sf]
                                                                                              6f]o6f lhk, af c em $$^^ gDj/ Kn]6sf]
                                                                                                                                                  dfnkf]t sfof{no Ko"7fgsf] #% lbg] ;'rgf
g]skf Pdfn] Ko"7fgsf cWoIf xl/ l/hfnn]
bf]lifnfO{ sf/jfxLsf] bfo/fdf Nofpg             gePsf] ;d]t atfpg'ePsf] 5 .                   Nof08 /f]e/ lhk / d] ! em ^! gDj/sf]                         Ko"7fg lhNnf d/G7fgf uflj; j8f{ g+ * j:g] /fd jxfb'/ /fpt
cfkm\gf] kf6L{n] klg ;xof]u ug{] k|ltj4tf       nfvf} + ======                                lhk sfd gnfUg] aGb} uPsf 5g\ . clxn]            If]qLn] d]/f] g]kfnL gful/stfdf gfd y/ /fd jxfb'/ /fpt If]qL a'jfsf] gfd lht
JoQm ug{'eof] .                                              lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no Ko"7fgdf     k|zf;g;+u /f ! em (( gDj/ Kn]6sf]               jxfb'/ tyf d]/f] nfn k"hf{df d]/f] gfd 6f]k jxfb'/ /fpt a'jfsf] gfd ;]t] /
            sfo{ q mdsf ;xefuLx?n]                                      ]
                                                klg @ j6f uf8L lju|/ a;]sf 5g\ . dd{t               ]
                                                                                              af]n/f] lhk ;+rfngdf 5 . :6f]/ lsk/             jfh]sf] gfd gePsf] pNn]v e} gfdy/ km/s k/] klg pNn]lvt gfdy/ u/]sf] km/s
ljut $÷% jif{ b]lv s]lx 7"nf 36gfsf                                                           kGtn] eGg'eof], …d] ! em ^! gDj/sf]             km/s JolQm geO{ Ps} JolQm ePsf]n] g]kfnL gful/stf cg';f/ nfnk"hf{df d]/f] /
                                                ug{ w]/} /sd vr{ x'g] / k|x/L k|wfg
bf]lif kqmfp kg{ g;s]sfn] o; tkm{ Wofg          sfof{ n on] lnnfd ljqmL ug{ cfb] z            uf8Lsf] sfuhkq ;d]t 5}g\ .Ú kfFry/              j'jfsf] gfd y/ ;+;f]wg / jfh]sf] gfd r'dfg l;Fx sfod u/L kfpm elg o;
lbg k| x /LnfO{ cg' / f] w u/] s f lyP .        glbPsfn] o:tf] cj:yfdf /x]sf] k|x/L gfoj      lhNnf k|zf;gaf6 NofOPsf] pQm uf8Lsf]            sfof{nodf lgj]bg lbPsfn] pNn]lvt gfdy/ u/]sf] JolQm Ps} x'g\ xf]Og / jfh]
sfo{qmdsf ;xefuLx?n] kqsf/n] k|x/L                                                            sfuhkqsf] nflu k6s k6s kxn u/] klg              r'dfg l;Fx xf] . xf]Og o;df s;}sf] xsbfjL 5 ls eGgnfO{ xsbfjL ;DjlGw #%
                                                pkl/Ifs l8NnL/fh kGtn] atfpg'eof] .
eGbf dfly p7]/ sfd ug{ gx'g] wf/0ff             pFxfn] k|x/L k|wfg sfof{nosf] oftfoft         sfd x'g g;s]sf] pFxfn] atfpg'eof] .             lbg] ;fj{hflgs ;"rgf k|sfzg ul/Psf] 5 . o;df s;}sf] xsbfjL eP sfg'gL
/fv]sf lyP . ;xefuLx?n] kqsf/x?n]               dd{t zfvfdf k6s k6s hfgsf/L u/fpFb}                      lhNnf cbfnt Ko" 7 fgsf]              ;j't k|df0f;lxt #% lbg xsbfjL ug{ cfpg'xf]nf . cGoyf lgj]bssf] dfu
s'g} klg 36gfnfO{ lgisif{df gk'Ubf ;Dd                                                        k]6«f]naf6 rNg] uf8L lju|]/ a;]sf] nfdf]        jdf]lhd e} hfg] Joxf]/f ;j{;fw/0fsf] nflu of] ;"rgf k|sflzt ul/Psf] 5 .
                                                cfPsf] atfpg'eof] . …lju|LPsf uf8L w]/}
lg/Gt/ kmnf] ck ul//xg' kg{] atfPsf             k'/fgf x'gÚ\ pFxfn] eGg'eof], …OlGhg l;h      ;do ljlt;s]sf] 5 . lnnfd ljqmLsf]
5g\ . sfo{qmddf gjlgld{t Onfsf k|x/L
sfof{no le+u[sf] ejg lgdf{0fdf ;xof]u
                                                ePsf 5g\, kf6{khf{ sfd gnfUg] efÚ5 .Ú
                                                                    '                         nflu ;jf]{Rrdf dfu u/]klg clxn];Dd
                                                                                              cfb]z gcfO;s]sf] cbfntn] hgfPsf] 5
                                                                                                                                                  dfnkf]t sfof{no Ko"7fgsf] #% lbg] ;'rgf
                                                             sfof{nosf] gf ! em %$( /
ug{] ;xof]ubftfnfO{ k|z+;f kq k|bfg             gf ! em #&)! gDj/sf ufl8 yGsLPsf              . xfn af=! em **(! gDj/sf] lhk                              Ko"7fg gfl/sf]6 uflj; j8f gDj/ # a:g] honfn k'/Ln] d]/f] kTgL
ul/Psf] lyof] .                                 5g\ . gf ! em %&^ / gf ! em (@!               ;+rfngdf /x]sf] 5 .                              gftf kg]{ 6f]knf k'/Lsf] ldlt @)%@÷)$÷!* df cfkm\gf] sfnultaf6 d[To' ePsf]
dfgj ======                                                                                              sf] i f tyf n] v f lgoGq0f            / lghsf] z]ifkl5sf] xs c+z vfg kfpg] glhssf] xsbf/ d >Ldfg gftf kg]{
                                                gDj/sf @ j6f ufl8 eg] rln/x]sf 5g\
                                                . lo ufl8 clxn] lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no           sfof{no Ko"7fgn] To:tf uf8Lx? lnnfd              honfn k'/L dfq ePsf]n] d[ts uf]kfn k'/Lsf] gfddf btf{ sfod /x]sf] lgDg
dlxnf ;/f]sf/ dGr Ko"7fg, dlxnf dfgj                                                          ljqmL ePdf /fd|f] /fhZj p7\g] atfpF5 .
clwsf/ /Ifs ;Ghfn, Ko"7fgn] ;+o'Qm              Ko"7fg / Onfsf k|x/L sfof{no afxfg]df                                                          hUuf Psnf}6L gfd;f/L ul/kfp elg lgj]bg lbPsf]n] of] ;'rgf k|sflzt ul/Psf]
                                                                                              ;/sf/L ;DklQ ePsfn] lnnfd k|lqmof                5 . lgh d[tssf] z]ifkl5 xs vfg kfpg] cGo s'g} JolQm eP of] ;'rgf k|sflzt
?kdf sfo{qmd u/]sf x'g\ .                       ;+ r fngdf 5g\ . ;jf/L gx' F b f sfd
                                                sfjf{ x Ldf ;d:of k/] s f] kGtn]              cuf8L a9fpg'kg]{ / Tof] geP sjf8L                ul/Psf] ldltn] af6fsf] Dofb afx]s #%-k}lt;_ lbgleq ;j'bk|df0fx? lnO{ pkl:yt
             ;f] x L cj;/df PDg] i 6L                                                                            {
                                                                                              d'Nodf ljqmL ug'kg]{ sfof{nosf] wf/0ff
OG6/g];gn g]kfn ;d'x #^ Ko"7fgn]                                      | + ]
                                                atfpg'eof] . …le+uL–9'uu9L ;8s v08sf]                                                          e} xsbfjL ug{ cfpg'xf]nf . cGoyf lgj]bg dfu bfjL adf]lhd d[ts >L 6f]knf
                                                nflu Pp6f uf8L cfjZos 5 .Ú pFxfn]             5 . lhNnfsf] 3/]n' tyf ;fgf pBf]u                k'/Lsf gfddf btf{ /x]sf] tklzn adf]lhdsf] hUuf lgj]bssf] Psnf}6L gfddf
…g]kfn k'0f{ b08lxgtfsf] dfu{dfÚ ljifos
5nkmn sfo{qmd u/]sf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf          Ko" 7 fg ;dfrf/ ;F u sf] s' / fsfgLdf         ljsf; ;ldlt, dlxnf tyf afnjflnsf                 gfd;f/L e} hfg] Joxf]/f ;j{ ;fwf/0fsf] nflu of] ;'rgf k|sflzt ul/Psf] 5 .
;d'x #^ sf ;+of]hs s[i0f rGb| lu/Ln]            eGg'eof], …pQm ?6df lecfOkLx?sf]              sfof{no nufot ;/sf/L sfof{nox?df                                             hUufsf] ljj/0f tklzn
sfo{kq k|:t't ug{' ePsf] lyof] .                d'ed]G6 a9L x'Fbf :sl6ª ug'{kg]{ x'G5 .Ú      ;jf/L ;fwgsf] cefjdf sfdsfjf{xLdf                uf=k=uf=lj=;          j8f g+=             lsQf g+=           If]qkmn
             o;}jLr ut @! ut] t?0f bn                        d] s flgsn OlGhlgo/s}            ;d:of k/]sf] sfof{nox?n] hgfPsf 5g\
                                                                                              . tL sfof{ n ox?n] uf8Lsf] cToGt}                v'Ë                     ^                #*)                 )–!%–#–@
Ko"7fgn] u/]sf] Ko"7fg aGbsf qmddf              ;d:ofn] ubf{ lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{nodf
dfgjclwsf/sdL{ x ?sf] sfo{ q mddf               ylGsP/ /x]sf # j6f uf8L lnnfd ljqmL           cfjZotf /x]sf] atfPsf x'g\ .                     v'Ë                     ^                #*@                 !–!–!–#
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Ko"=lh=sf=b=g+= )#÷)%(÷^)
  Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                                         @)^* ;fn d+l;/ @* ut] a'wjf/                                                                        *     Ko"=lh=x'=sf=b=g+= )!÷)^^÷^&

a;sf] 5taf6 v;]/ 3fO{t]
           Ko" 7 fg     -Ko" ; ;_÷ v' ª     xf] . cGbfhL !# jlif{o 3fOt]sf] b'3{6gfkl5
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                                                                                                     cf]dk|sfz ld> / s]bf/gfy rfln;]sf]
                                                                                                     Ohnf;n] t'sdfg k'g, vu]Gb| /f]sf,
                                                                                                                                                                   ufl8 l/h{j, kmlg{r/ / :6]zg/L ;]jf
                                                                                                                                                                     ljjfx, lkslgs, e|d0f nufotsf nflu cTofw'lgs ;'ljwfo'Qm 6f6f
7"nfj]zLaf6 sf7df08f}+ hfFb} u/]sf] a;sf]   lhNnf c:ktfn ljh'jf/df pkrf/ ul/Psf]                     rGb"e"if0f k'g, b'uf{axfb'/ s'Fj/ ;fsL{                ;f]d' pknAw 5 . xfdLsxf“ c8{/ adf]lhd sf7af6 lgld{t ;f]kmf;]6, kn·,
5taf6 v;]/ d+unaf/ bfvfSjf8Ldf Ps           5 . 3fOt]sf] 6fpsf] / xftdf rf]6 nfu]sf]                 gGb' lu/L / b]j ljqmd zfxnfO{ eg]                      ;f]s];, s';L{, :6'n, afs;, rf}s;, kmn]ssf ;fy} 8]«l;·, 6]a'n, b/fh, l6=le=
afns 3fOt] ePsf 5g\ . n' ! v $%**           5 . la=s= ljh'jf/af6 cfkmGtsf] 3/                        lgbf]if 7x/ ub}{ ;kmfO lbPsf] 5 . rf}sLdf
                                                                                                          {                                                 s]z cflb ;'ky d'Nodf kfOG5 . ;fy} :6]zg/L, kqklqsf, kf7\ok':ts /
gDj/sf] a;sf] 5taf6 v;]/ ljh'jf/–           afË]zfn b/efg hfFb} ubf{ bfvfSjf8Ldf                     ePsf] cfqmd0fdf Ko"7fg tf]/jfªsf                       z}lIfs ;fdfu|Lsf] nflu ;Demfg'xf];\ .
$ lgjf;L ljsf; ;'gf/ 3fOt] x'g'ePsf]        a;sf] 5taf6 v;]sf x'g\ .                                 k|x/L hjfg ;'dg lh=;L=sf] xTof x'g'sf]                                             k|f=] ;'o{ lj=s=
                                                                                                     ;fy} s]lx xltof/ klg n'6]sf lyP .
lj1fkg klg nufgL xf] . Ko"7fg ;dfrf/df lj1fkg                                                                                                                            ljzfn kmlg{r/ pBf]u tyf ljzfn k':ts ;bg
lbO{ Aofkf/ Joj;fo a9fcf}+ . – Joj:yfks                                                               Ko"7fg ;dfrf/                                                                    ljh'jf/–^, Ko"7fg
                                                                                                      www.gulminews.com                                           kmf]g M )*^–$^)!*)÷(*$&*@!!*)÷(*)($)@(%) -rfns s[i0f_
   :jR5 / Joj;flos kqsfl/tfsf] alnof] cfwf/
        Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ /fli6«o ;fKtflxs                                                               df klg x]g,{ k9\g                                      tkfO{nfO{ sfof{no tyf 3/sf]7f ;hfj6 ;fdu|L rflxof] <

   h8La'6L pTkfbgstf{ tyf ;+sngstf{x?df cg'/f]w                                                      / k|ltlqmof lbg                                                 sf7 kmlg{r/, :l6n kmlg{r/, sfF6L sAhf, wf/fsf] lkml6ª ;fdu|L,
                                                                                                                                                            ljleGg lsl;dsf /ª /f]ug, KnfO{p8, sfk]{6x?, Knfli6ssf efF8fx? d'leË
             of] ;do h8La' 6 L ;+ s ng tyf Aoj:yfkg ug] { ;do xf] .
                                                                                                         ;lsG5                                              lro/, sDKo"6/ 6]an tyf cGo sfof{no ;fdu|Lsf] nflu xfdLnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ .
                                                                                                                                                                     em\ofn 9f]sfsf kNnf, rf}s;, ljleGg kmlg{r/ ;fdu|L c8{/ cg';f/
h8La' a 6Lsf] lbuf] Aoj:yfkgsf nflu lbuf] ;+ s ngdf Wofg k' ¥ ofcf} + ,
h8La' 6 Lsf] ;+ s ng ubf{ lgDg s' / fx?df Wofg lbpF .                                                kqsf/nfO{ ;Ddfg u/f}+                                  plrt d"Nodf pknAw u/fO{G5 .
                                                                                                                                                                         ]
                                                                                                                                                                      k|fkfO{6/                                          Aoj:yfks
h/f ;+sng ubf{ M s'n efusf] &% k|tLzt dfq ;+sng u/L @% k|tLzt
hldgleq} k'gM pTkfbgsf] nflu 5f]8\g] u/f}+ .                                                         /fhgLlts x:tIf]kaf6                                          emlaGb| zdf{
                                                                                                                                                               ;Dks{ M (*$&*@)#(!
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ch' { g zdf{
                                                                                                                                                                                                             ;Dks{ M )*^–$@)@#)÷(*$&(&)&^&
kft ;+sng ubf{ M ?vdf ePsf s'n kftsf] &% k|tLzt hlt dfq kft ;+sng
u/L afFsL kftx? ?vd} 5f]8\g] u/f}+ . h;n] ubf{ ?v db}{g .
                                                                                                     ag]sf] kqsf/ dxf;+3                                                              /fh c8{/ P08 ;Knfo;{
af]qmf ;+sng ubf{ M s'n af]qmfsf] @% k|ltzt af]qmfdfq ;+sng u/L &% k|tLzt
af]qmf ?vd} 5f8f}+ ;fy} af]qmf ;+sng ubf{ ?vsf] Ps jif{df Ps ;fO8 lt/af6 dfq
                                                                                                      Ko"7fgnfO{ alxisf/                                      vn+uf–%, Ko"7fg lhNnf jg sfof{no tn kf;f df]6/ kf6{;sf] 5]pdf
;+sng u/f}+ .                                                                                                u/f}+ .                                         d}n] vf]hsf] k;n oxf“ kf] /x]5 Û
                                                                                                                                                                      ]
k'/} la?jf ;+sng ubf{ M la?jfdf ePsf] km'n tyf kmn em/L ;s]kl5 dfq ;+sng
u/f}+ . ;fy} 7fpF 7fpFdf @% k|ltzt kl/kSj la?jfx? dfpF la?jfsf] ?kdf 5f]8f}+ .                             …ko{6g, ;+:s[tL, ;'rgf /                        cfw'lgs l8hfOgsf u/uxgfx?, c8{/ cg';f/ tof/ ul/Psf uxgfx?,
                                                                                                             dgf]/~hgsf nfluÚ                              k'/fgf uxgfjf6 gofF uxgfx? ;f6km]/, rf8kj{sf] cj;/df ljz]if
                      o;sf nflu yk hfgsf/L rflxPdf                                                        lhNnfs} klxnf] / ;jf{lws                         5'6sf ;fy ljlqm ljt/0f ug]{ ug]{ k;n oxfF kf] /x]5 .
                lhNNff jg sfof{no vn+uf Ko"7fg,                                                           nf]slk|o 6]lnlehg Rofgn
                      ;Dks{ kmf]g g+ )*^–$@)))&, $@)))(                                                                                                                 u| f xssf] ;Gt' l i6, g} xfd| f ] rfxgf                k|f] M x]dGt ;'gf/
  /fzg l;bf v'jfpg] b/efp kq ;DjGwL ;"rgf                                                               s] l x ;' r gf, vj/, ;Gb] z /                          Go"           kfNkfnL                     ;' g             rf“ b L             k;n
                                                                                                      lj1fkg k| z f/0fsf nflu ;Dks{                                               cf] v /sf] 6 , dR5L ahf/ Ko" 7 fg
         o; sfof{nosf] ldlt @)^* ;fn dfu{ @^ ut]sf] ;'rgf o; sfof{nosf]                                      M (*$&*@@!@#                                                       ;Dks{ M (^#*^)(^^%÷(*$$()(%%^
;'rgf kf6Ldf 6fF; ul/Psf] 5 . l;naGbL b/efp kq ?=#))÷– cIf?kL tLg
;odf -lkmtf{ gx'g] u/L_ o; sfof{no / ;'rgfdf pNn]lvt sfof{nox?af6                                        cTofw'lgs ;'ljwf ;lxt yfkf hL u]i6 xfp; k|f=ln= sf] gf}nf] k|:t'tL
;d]t vl/b ug{ ;lsg] 5 . ldlt @)^*÷)*÷@^ b]lv ldlt @)^*÷)(÷!!
ut] lbgsf] !@ ah] leq btf{ u/fO{ ;Sg' kg{]5 . ;f]lx lbgsf] !M)) ah] lhNnf                            – s] tkfO{ ljleGg sfdsf nflu ;b/d'sfd vn+uf cfpFb} x'g'x'G5 <
k|zf;g sfof{no vn+uf Ko"7fgdf lznaGbL b/efp kq vf]lng] Joxf]/f ;DalGwt                               – olb cfpFb} x'g'x'G5 eg] /fd|f] vfgf / j:gsf] nflu xfldnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ .
;a}sf] hfgsf/Lsf] nflu of] ;'rgf k|sflzt ul/Psf] 5 .                                                          ljut cf7 jif{ b]lv tkfO{x?sf] ;]jf ub{} cfPsf] yfkf hL u]i6 xfp; k|f=ln cj lhNnf ljsf;
                                                                                                                                                                                        =ln=n]
                                                                                                     ;ldltsf] u]6 k5f8L cfkm\g} ;'ljwf ;DkGg 3/ agfO{ u]i6 xfp; ;f/]sf] s'/f ;Dk'0f{ u|fxs ju{ tyf Oi6ldqx?df
                             lblnk s'df/ >]i7                                                        ;xif{ hfgsf/L u/fpFb5f}+ .
                                          '
                               sfof{no k|dv                                                          xfd|f ;]jfx? M
                          sf/fuf/ sfof{no, Ko"7fg                                                    – :jR5 kfl/jfl/s jftfj/0fdf :j:y vfgf, gf:tf tyf j:gsf] Joj:yf .
                                                                                                     – l6=eL=, 6]lnkmf]g, Od]n, OG6/g]6, tftf] lr;f] kfgL ;lxtsf] P6]h sf]7fx?sf] Joj:yf .
                                                                                                     – ljleGg sfo{qmdx? ljjfx, a|tjGw, ldl6ª, tflnd, uf]i7L nufot ef]h sfo{qmdsf nflu ;'ljwf ;DkGg cTofw'lgs xn
            ljh'jf/ uflj;sf] h?/L ;"rgf                                                              ;lxt cfjf; / vfgfsf] Joj:yf .
                                                                                                     – OR5f cg';f/sf] vfgfsf] kl/sf/sf] Joj:yf .
          vfg]kfgL, :jf:Yo tyf ;/;kmfO{ ;dGjo ;ldlt ljh'jf/sf]                                       – :jb]z tyf ljb]zdf 6]lnkmf]g ug{' k/]df, 6]lnkmf]g tyf km\ofS;sf] ;'ljwf .
                                                                                                     – ufl8 kfsL{Ësf] /fd|f] Joj:yf .
 j}7ssf] lg0f{o cg';f/ o; uflj;nfO{ v'nf lbzf d'Qm If]q 3f]if0ff ug]{                                – :jb]z, ljb]z tyf lhNnfsf] s'g} klg 7fFpdf k'Ugsf] nflu ufl8 l/hj{ tyf j; l6s6sf] Joj:yf .
 cleofg cGt/ut uflj;df zf}rfno lgdf{0f gu/]sf 3/w'/Ln] olx d+l;/                                     – sf]7f, clkm; ;fg{' k/]df / ;fdfg 9'jfgLsf nflu uf8Lsf] Joj:yf .
 d;fGt leq clgjfo{ ?kdf zf}rfno lgdf{0f ul/ of] cleofg ;kmn                                                                      gf]6 M                                                   ;Dks{
 kfg{sf] nflu ;xof]u ul/lbg'x'g cg'/f]w 5 . tf]lsPsf] ;do leq                                                 pQm ;Dk'0f{ ;'ljwfx? lngsf nflu kmf]g                        yfkf hL u]i6 xfp; k|f=ln=
                                                                                                              ul/ cu|Ld a'lsË u/]df ;]jfdf % k|ltzt              vn+uf–%, Ko"7fg -lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] sfof{no k5f8L_
 zf}rfno lgdf{0f gu/] uflj;jf6 k|bfg ul/g] ;Dk"0f{ ;]jf ;'ljwfx?                                               5'6sf] Joj:yf 5 . ;fy} 6]lnkmf]g u/]sf]                           lgb{]zs, uGhaxfb'/ yfkf
 pknJw guf/O{g] Joxf]/f ;d]t hfgsf/L u/fOG5 . ;fy}+ To;jf6 kg{                                                            k};f lkmtf{ ul/g]5 .              kmf]g g+= )*^–$@)!*%, df]jfOn M (*$&*@!(((, (^#*^!!&#&
 uPsf] c;/ k|lt uflj;sf] sfof{no Ifdfk|fyL{ 5 .
                         3g]Gb| axfb'/ of]uL
                      uflj; ;lrj tyf ;+of]hs
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     vfg]kfgL :jf:Yo tyf ;/;kmfO{ ;dGjo ;ldlt ljh'jf/ Ko"7fg                                                              «                                 «
                                                                                                                   ;fd] 6]S6/ ljZjsf] ;a}eGbf klxnf] l8hn 6]S6/ xf] .
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   Ncell l;d sf8{ tyf Hello l/rfh{ sf8{ kfO{gsf ;fy} NTC,
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  CDMA tyf LG, CG. ONIDA Mobile sf] xf]n;]n ljqm]tf . ;fy}
    dlg 6«fG;km/ dfkm{t ljb]zsf] sdfO{ :jb]zdf e'Qmflg ul/g] .                                                            «
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                                                                                                       d'Vo clkm; M a'6jn–!!, ldngrf]s )&!–%$!(#@
        xf]n;]n k;n tyf
        dlg 6«fG;km/ vf]Hb}                   lk=s]= sDKo"6/ Nofj                                      s]=Pd=lz= lzN8 dlN6k|kf]h k|f=ln=
                                                                                                      ljh' j f/–$, Ko" 7 fg kmf] g M )*^–$^)##*
            x'g' x'G5 <                             vn+ u f, Ko" 7 fg
  kmf]g M )*^–$@)!!%, $@)@!% km\ofS; M )*^–$@)@&) df] M (*$&*@)!!%, (*%&*@!!!%
       ljh'jf/sf] nflu ;Dks{ M )*^–$^)@!% afUb'nfsf] nflu ;Dks{ M (*$&(*^!@!
                                                                                                     :jfledfg :jf:Yo cf/f] U o kmfd{ ] l ; Pj+ Kofyf] n f] l h Nofj
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                                                                                                      – g]r'/f]Kofly, of]uf, PSo'k|];/, Pnf]KofyL Pj+ cfo'j]{bLsåf/f pkrf/
cj tkfO{sf] ahf/df ;a}eGbf ;:tf] / e/kbf]{ df]jfO{n                                                   – lj/fdL hfFr, pkrf/, ;Nnfx lbOg], kt~hln of]u lk7 :jfld /fd b]jsf ljleGg DVD, VCD x?sf] emns b]vfO{ of]u cf;g k|f0ffofdaf6 pkrf/
                                                                                                      ;Nnfx lbO{g] .
                                                                                                      – cN;/, Uofli6«s, hl08;, x]kf6fOl6; ;'u/, lkQ, kTy/L, chL0f{, slAhot, cflb .
                                            One Year Warranty                                                                                                +
                                                                                                      – Kof/fnfOl;; -x/ grNg]_, ;a} vfn] rd{/f]u -bfb, csf}t, :j/fl;;_ dlxnf ;DjGwL -k|b k|b/, afFemf]kg, lk;fj kf]Ng], dlxgfjf/L u9jl8_, /Qm ljsf/, dl:tis
                                                                                                                        ]                                             ]        ]                                                       {        +
                                                                                                      ljsf/, d[lu, dfOu|g, lkgf;_, dgf]ljsf/ -dfgl;s ;':ttf, xfO{ k|z/, nf] k|z/_, d'q ljsf/ -lj:tf/fdf lk;fj ug{,] wft' /f]u, of}g b'njtf, gk';stf of}g_ ;fy}
                                                                                                      a[4 dlxnf tyf afnaflnsfx?sf cg]sf}+ ;d:ofx?sf] e/kbf{] pkrf/, Kofyf]nf]lh ;]jf -/ut, lk;fj, vsf/, ljo{, ue{, /ut;d'x, h08L;, ;'u/, h'sf, of}g/f]u,
                                      ljleGg df] 8 ] n sf df] j fO{ n ljlqm tyf                       l6lj 6fOkmfO8, dn]l/of, x]kf6fO{l6;, lel/ËL, jfy/f]u, PrcfO{le, o'l/s Pl;8, 5fnf cflb kl/If0f ul/G5 .
                                                 dd{ t sf nflu                                        gf]6 M– ;'u/ kl/If0fdf 8fOj]l6h -;'u/sf_ lj/fldx?nfO{ !% k|ltzt 5'6sf] Joj:yf, ljBfyL{x?n] Kofyf]nf]lh kl/If0f u/]df !% k|ltzt 5'6sf] Joj:yf,
                                                                                                      lj/fdLx?n] ;Dks{4f/f cfkm\gf] gfd btf{ u/fpg / ;]jf lng ;Sg'x'g]5 .
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                                                vn+ u f–%, Ko" 7 fg                                                     kt~hln of]ulk7 xl/4f/f ef/t :jfld /fdb]j4f/f of]ufEof; Pj+ k|f0ffofd k|lzIfLt k|lzIfs cf]dx/L e§/fO{
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